THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1952
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2S, 1952
By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Daily Managing Editor
AT THE beginning of each year, there
seems to be a certain value in trying
to define for both our readers and ourselves
what we consider to be The Daily's role on
campus, how we propose to carry out that
role, and the fundamental ideals we set for
ourselves. At any rate, a ponderous tradi-
tion prescribes that the Managing Editor
undertake this task in the first issue-far
be it from me to play the role of iconoclast
so early in the season.
As the campus newspaper, our primary
concern is in the ultimate betterment of
the University community within which
we operate-we recognize an abiding res-
ponsibility to promote the long-range in-
terests of the University.
As a student newspaper in a college town,
we feel a responsibility to present to a stu-
dent body which perhaps may see no other
paper the most significant national and in-
ternational news in our columns-this in
addition to as complete a coverage of stu-
dent, faculty, administration and town news
as'our space limitations will permit. In our
search for the whys and wherefores, we
shall endeavor to delve beyond glib super-
ficialities through the sometimes devious
paths of causation to discover the reasons
behind the news.
As a newspaper, we hold our freedom from
control by either faculty, administration or
student groups an essential prerequisite to
fulfilling the customary role of the press as
a safety valve in a democratic community.
We are beholden to no group or interest;
neither are we maliciously predisposed to-
As a student newspaper, we operate as a
non-profit enterprise. On the other hand,
the economic facts of life make it impera-
tive that we also be a non-loss enter-
prise. Much credit is due Business Mana-
ger Al Green, cohorts Milt Goetz, adver-
tising sleuth, Diane Johnston, general
trouble-shooter, Judy Loehnberg, finance
expert, and Tom Treeger, circulation mo-
gul, and a host of others who will toil in
relative obscurity through the year to
make The Daily possible.
We believe in the fundamental maturity
of the college student, that he deserves the
full rights and privileges of a member of a
democratic community, and is prepared to
shoulder the responsibilities concomitant
with those rights.
We have a peculiar attachment to an
old cliche known as academic freedom-
and shall do our utmost to prevent it
from degenerating into an academic ques-
tion. But we hold no brief for those who,
In the name of academic freedom, would
undermine its very foundations.
We believe in the democratic process-
that the educational community with its
tricotomy of student, faculty and adminis-
tration can function as a model miniature of
the democratic community the student of
today will enter as the citizen of tomorrow.
Let me again underline what Cal Samra
explains in length elsewhere on this page
-in giving editorial efpression to the
abovementioned or other beliefs, the in-
dividual writers will be expressing solely
their own opinion. The Daily has no
editorial policy save that impression that
may be created by the collective impact
of the individual opinions of the staff
The University of Michigan is a big in
stitution in many ways-big in sheer numer-
ical size, big in physical and intellectual
resources, big in academic prestige. We hope
and trust that its bigness will be reflected
in the policies it adopts. -
BEHIND THE LINES
"*Of Aborigines & Intellectuals
By CAL SAMRA buffalo. Hide make tepee. No build dam.
Daily Editorial Director No give a dam. All time eat. No hunt job.
NOT LONG AGO, a disillusioned Columbia No hitch-hike. No ask relief. White man
N professor went out of his pedantic way heap crazy!"
to deplore what he called "the lack of ig- This bit of didactic sounding off on my
norant people in the world." Said he: It own part is by no means meant to dis-
is indeed much easier to convince an ignor- courage letters to the editor, nor, for that
ant person of the truth than an educated matter, editorials. Rather, it is an attempt
fool who believes he has a priority on all to impress readers and prospective editorial
the answers. writers with the "fact" that no one has as
yet cornered the "truth" market, though
In light of all the dogmatic lecturing, everyone acts as though he has, and that
editorializing, and cajoling that takes many of our sacrosanct opinions have no
place annually on college campuses, it basis in fact but are evolved from a kind of
doesn't seem the professor was far from primal stupidity.
wrong. Many of us have found our niche Bearing the above considerations in
in the limbo of educated fooldom, con-
cocted our own special system of intel- mind, the editorial staff will strive this
lectual madness, pampered it, and cher- year to approach all issues with an opti-
ished it with an instinctive attachment mum of tolerance, objectivity, and re-
befitting motherhood. In an age which examination. We will attempt to avoid the
considers the word "perhaps" archaic, we pitfall which Huxley described so can-
speak with certainty but with little dif- didly when he complained: "Too many
fidence. Our ideas become so sacred that people fal to distinguish between fact,
it is, at best, difficult to convince anyone hypothesis, theory, doctrine and dogma;
t anythin too many seem to equate pronouncement
What we don't realize-or at least won't T
admit-is that the Ph.D and the student, The Daily's "editoial policy" is pecul-
notwithstanding their greater reasoning sariy suited to accomodTe an open-minded
powers, are as prone to the same overwhelm- spritsipolyb Theeail as- no ed-
ing human frailties as is a banana-peeling tonal policy. There will be a sufficient va-
aborigine. Our psychological reactions, our riety of opinion on the editorial page-right,
rationalizations are similar, though per- center, and left-to give someone something
haps ours are on a somewhat higher level. to disagree with every day,
With few reservations, it seems that we Now and then, however, the senior edi-
are all governed basically by what the Ger- tors, if by coincidence we can agree, will
mans termed "Urdummheit," that is, a - no doubt become incensed enough over a
tendency to believe what we want to be- principle to write a front-page editorial.
lieve. This takes in the sorority girl who In that case we will spare no words.
believes that drinking more than a glass If at times we fail to meet the high
of water a day is fattening; the teach- aards we ai for thig
ing fellow who believes that if women's standards we are aiming for this year, we
clohin wee sandrdied y te Gver- ak olypatience and understandng from
clothing were standardized by the Govern- our readers. As R. L. Stevenson put it, "It
ment, they wouldn't spend their time gad- is as natural and right for a young man to
ding aboutbthe country shopping for the be imprudent and exaggerated, to live in
latetf ,bt wo ty h meandswoops and circles, and beat about his cage
about politics; or the Cherokee Indian who like any other wild thing newly captured, as
phiosoph : it is for old men to turn gray, or mothers
"White man crazy. Indian no plow land. to love their offspring, or heroes to die for
Keep grass. Buffalo eat grass. Indian eat something worthier than their lives."
By HARLAND BRITZ of this. Their effect on the gate is actually
Daily Associate Editor too miniscule to make any difference.
THE LONG SUFFERING U.S. fight fan The fans from outlying areas-and they
once again takes it on the chin tonight, are in the great majority - would quickly
While heavyweight champ Jersey Joe Walcott settle for a blackout within, say, a 75-mile
mixes it up with highly-touted challenger, radius of the fight. Then, only the fans who
Rocky Marciano, John Q. Fan will be left are potential ticket buyers would be denied
holding the punching bag. The sports pages on-the-spot coverage. If this setup were
tell the story briefly in those familiar boxed put into effect, as it has been on certain
statistics: "No Radio; No TV.' occasions, it seems difficult to see how the
gate would suffer.
Of course, If the fan wants to lay out But even granting this tenuous assump-
three to four dollars and he lives in one tion, the blackout is a dangerous and short-
of the chosen cities, he can see the herald- sighted arrangement. Starving the fans
ed Joust over theatre television. But for by denying them the meatiest fare will
most citizens, that kind of money is a bit embitter them, and only add to the mount-
too steep for second-hand fisticuffs. ing resentment against the dubious tactics
The reason the promoters give for the of the fight game which have already cast
radio-TV blackout is strictly business-they the sport into considerable disrepute
fear a poor gate. There's no doubt that this around the land.
is a sound reason in the area in which the The old argument that sports belong to
fight is going to occur. But it is hardly the public is more than an adage, and the
plausible that fans in the Dakotas or the sharpies that run big time boxing had better
West Coast should be made to suffer because wise up to this fact.
' 'Rr ENT!MOVIE]
"You Wanted Controls, Didn't You?"
MATTER OF FACT:
The Governor's Wit
Advantage or Not?.
By STEWART ALSOP
WITH GOVERNOR STEVENSON-Governor Adlai Stevenson, who
regularly accuses General Dwight D. Eisenhower of stealing the
Democratic platform, has been busily at work, all unobserved, stealing
General Eisenhower's greatest single asset. This is the conclusion
which stands out with somebody who has been campaigning with both
The Stevenson campaign strategy precisely reflects certain
outstanding characteristics of the Illinois Governor: intelligence,
political boldness, and perhaps most notably, tough-minded and
even rather wily calculations. His greatest political problem has
been to get himself known, and to get people to listen to what
he has to say. When he was nominated, he was "Mr. X" to the
vast majority of American voters-the totally unknown quantity.
During the campaign's incubating period last August, Stevenson
'and his advisors therefore shrewd-
ly calculated that he must be very
quickly established as a new and
novel and easily identified person-
' ality in his own mind. The chief
.. + r, e "wsK.r s,. tMC. .
WITH DREW PEARSON
ABOARD THE EISENHOWER CAMPAIGN TRAIN-Ike Eisenhower
had settled down to whistle-stopping with the verve and gusto
'of Harry Truman when the $16,000 Nixon bombshell hit him. After
a hesitant and faltering start during the first part of his trip, the
General had really learned how to harangue the crowds and seemed
to like the hustings.
Then suddenly came word that his side-kick, the candidate
for vice president and the man who had been held up to the
public as the model young man of America, had received $16,000
a year for expenses from a "millionaires' club" in California while
serving in the Senate.
For a time it took most of the campaign wind out of Ike's sails.
He looked pretty grim the next morning when he spoke at little Mid-
west towns along the way. Ike went through the usual motions but
you could see his heart wasn't much in it anymore.
Back in the rest of the train, Eisenhower's advisers discussed
the pros and cons of Nixon's "expense" gift.
According to normal tax practice, income used for living expenses
is taxable. It cannot be tax-exempt as Senator Nixon treated it, and,
therefore, he opened himself up to a charge of income-tax evasion-
if the Justice Department wanted to deal with Nixon the same way
the Republicans have demanded that it deal with others. Likewise,
those who gave the expense gifts to Nixon would be'vulnerable-in
case they deducted the money from their own income taxes.
Finally, it is against the law for any member of Congress to
accept a fee or gift in connection with any claim, legislation or case
against the U.S. Government. It is quite possible that some members
of California's so-called millionaires club could have had government
contracts, or could have filed for a radio or television station, or
could have had other matters pending against the Government on
which Nixon used his influence.
In this case he would be open to criminal prosecution and a
jail sentence of two years. Sen. Barton of Kansas once went to
jail in such a case, while the criminal division of the Justice
Department recommended the prosecution of Congressman Gene
Cox of Georgia, a Democrat, for taking a gift of stock in connec-
tion with a call he made to the Federal Trade Commission to
secure a radio license in Albany, Ga.
These and other possibilities were discussed on the Eisenhower
train while the General was trying to make up his mind what to do.
WASHINGTON-Governor Stevenson complained recently about
a one-party press and the fact that 75 per cent of the newspapers
are against the Democrats. Unquestionably he has a point there,
and to some extent I may have been partly responsible for lopsided
When, over a period of years, a column has unearthed the
extra-curricular activities of Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan, the
events which helped send John Maragon to jail, the income-
tax finagling of internal revenue official Dan Bolich, the Egyp-
tian cotton leaks which led to the indictment of Clovis Walker,
etc.,.naturally it accumulates into a big stockpile of political am-
However, it so happens that my score-sheet contains quite a few
Republicans, such as, the kick-backs that resulted in jail sentences
fo" r-ngressmen Parnell Thomas of New Jersey and Walter Brehm
of c 4 ; also the lobbying of Sen. Owen Brewster which led to his
defea,; the $10,000 Lustron fee of Senator McCarthy and the tax
finagling of Senate Republican leader Styles Bridges of New Hamp-
Covering the news consists not only of reporting what goes,
on from day to day, but digging up the things below the surface
which some people don't want dug up but which the public has
a right to know about.
In fulfilling this reporter's obligation, however, I personally shall
do my best to be fair to both sides, and do equal digging regarding
both parties and candidates.
-THE GOVERNOR'S MAN-
TO TIlS END, here is the result of some digging in the Stevenson
entourage which shows one of his men was something of an influence-
peddler; also the answer to questions asked by a great many readers
regarding General Eisenhower's possible use of influence in paying
only a capital-gains tax on his book, "Crusade in Europe."
The man on Stevenson's staff who sold influence is Neal
Roach, assistant treasurer of the Democratic National Committee,;
and now organizer of train and airplane schedules for the Ste-
venson campaign. He received a fee of $1,000 from the Builders'I
Control Service of Los Angeles in 1950 for getting a rulinga
changed by the Veterans Administration permitting the Builderss
Control Service to charge a 1 per cent fee for securing and ad-1
ministering loans on housing projects.
There was nothing illegal about this, but unquestionably influence
THE FACTS regarding General Eisenhower's taxes are that- he
was paid $1,000,000 for his book, written after his return from Europe.
Ordinarily he would have paid taxes of around 77 per cent on this in-
come, leaving him a profit (after taxes) of around $230,000.
Instead, he paid a capital-gains tax of 25 per cent, leaving
him a profit of $750,000.
TO THE EDITOR
The First Protest .. .
To The Editors:
1 CAN'T HELP but feel that the
following is merely one of a
flood of critical letters that have
deluged the Daily concerning the
quality of the movies that the But-
terfield chain has foisted off on
the student body.
"The Scarlet Angel" approached
the nadir of such cinematograph-
ic debacles. The accompanying
short and cartoon descended far-
I have been given to understand
that the University holds stock in
the Butterfield Corporation, which
maintains a monopoly over the
theaters in Ann Arbor. If so, it
would seem that the University
has abandoned its program of ed-
ucation in favor of the earning of
the fast buck.
I am a businessman too, and
realize that there must be an out-
let for such low-grade produc-
tions. But could that outlet not be
Ypsilanti or another of the less
educated sections of our vast
Finally, is this the same Mr.
Butterfield who brought us "Mara
Maru," "Macao," "The Winning
Team," and other treasures of the
-Wilbur Harvey Friedman, '53
The Ann Arbor Ad Hoc Com-
mittee for the Improvement
of Cinematographic Quality
(EDITOR'S NOTE: According to
University Vice-President Wilbur K.
Pierpont, the University does own
stock in Butterfield Corp., as it does
in many other corporations, but has
no control over the operating policies
of Butterfield, anymore than it has
over General Motors or Dow Chemical.)
instrument to this end was Gov-
ernor Stevenson's own native and
remarkable abilities as a wit and
phrase-maker. And now Steven-
son's reputation as a first-class
entertainer has been given free
advertising by the Republicans,
who seem to be seized with the in-
sane notion that American voters
regard a sense of humor as re-
Stevenson still suffers from
anonymity, in comparison with
General Eisenhower, As prevolusly
noted in this space, a good many
voters seem to think his name is'
"Stevens." But his reputation as
a humorist is already, according
to reporters who have covered his
campaign from the start, begin-
ning to draw the crowds. People
want to find out if he is really as
funny as he is cracked up to be.
An observer, glancing back
over one audience, could see
Stevenson's listeners straining
forward to try to understand
Stevenson's polished and often
difficult phrases. This part of
the speech was actually not as
brilliant to read as it was to
hear, since It left out the essen-
tial points-the Soviet Union's
growing ,power of devastating
surprise attack. And It was also
subtly partisan. But it did not
sound that way. Indeed, Steven-
son sounded ,not like a eandi-
date, but like a President, 'sol-
emnly addressing all the people.
And this, of course, is precisely
the way it was intended to sound.
Sounding this way ii the second
part of Stevenson's bold, care-
fully calculated campaign stra-
tegy. This reporter, after a sever-
al thousand mile tour of the coun-
try, is strongly inclined tQ believe
that it may turn out to be a very
(Copyright, 1952, N.Y. Her. Tribune Inc.
Is A Risk for Both Parties
At The Orpheum .
SL, Union Snub
STUDENT LEADERS were conspicuously
absent from the speaking platform last
week, Monday, when freshmen were being
welcomed to the University by administra-
tive officers. It had been the custom in pre-
vious years to have the 'Union Orientation
Chairman speak to freshmen in the opent-
ing session of orientation week and for the
president of the Student Legislature to wel-
come them on behalf of the student body in
the first evening meeting.
This ignoral of student leadership might
seem merely an oversight on the Univer-
sity's part, but the force of custom is not
usually disregarded on this campus. At
the end of the spring semester, there was
a feeling in many quarters that student
relations with the administration were
deteriorating. Considering thishdevelop-
ment, it is unfortunate to see the school
year begun on a note of administrative
disinterest in student leadership.
If the action is actually a hint that stu-
dents are going to be further ignored or re-
buffed in their attempts at leadership and
service, the move is indeed ominous.
"THE MODERN world has suffered because
inin mnv mtnite~rs nhilosonhvy ho~ rnf-.
TVHIS PICTURE is exceptional, but in a
way not usually expected of most films.
Pictorially and philosophically it is uni-
que, and perhaps it is with these two aspects
in mind that we should judge it.
Producer Jean Renoir exploits the pos-
sibilities of technicolor to an unparallelled
degree, making the picture one of the
most beautiful ever to be filmed. A few
shots of trees and flowers attain the per-
fection of oil paintings, and are them-
selves an experience worth taking time to
see the movie.
As a character study "The River" is
frankly realistic and, at times, brutal. It
pulls no .punches when revealing the inner
aspects of personalities, which is in itself
admirable when we consider the sugared-
over emotions that are the subject of many
From the picture we might gain a par-
tial understanding of the oriental atti-
tude of obdurate pacifism and personal
meditation which is almost unknown to
the western world. Arthur Shields, who
portrays an Englishman who has chosen
this existence in India over a life in "civil-
ized" Europe, describes this philosophy in
several fine speeches.
However, "The River" is quite weak in
"plot," at least as we customarily recognize
it. The story concerns a very small part of
At The Michigan...
JUMPING JACKS, with Dean Martin and
THE MOVIE INDUSTRY seems to be try-
ing the "if you can't lick 'em, join 'em"
strategy in its competition with television.
This latest Martin and Lewis vehicle re-
sembles nothing so much as a series of TV
sketches loosely patched together.
It is especially disappointing to find the
pair back in a formula routine when one,
remembers "That's My Boy," a movie with
logical characterizations and a reasonable
plot that they made last year.
In "Jumping Jacks" they play, strangely
enough, a professional singer and come-
dian enmeshed in the toils of the para-
troops. The complications of the story fall
neatly into the pattern established by the
other two service pictures this team has
made. We can only hope that this is not
just the third in a series of armed forces
movies which will reach its culmination
with a portrayal by Martin and Lewis of
a Wac and a Wave.
This picture gives Lewis plenty of oppor-
tunity to exercise his peculiar talent for sim-
ian mimicry, and Martin sings several songs
The supporting cast, which includes Monaj
Freeman; is competent and unobtrusive.
"MAN IS TIMID and apologetic; he is no
longer upright; he dares not say 'I
thingr''.TI m.' but mute oenma int nr ca "
bullheaded men who are not
the candidates for President this
year are about to embark on cam-
paign tours for the nominees of
their respective parties. In the
words of the immortal Arno car-
toon, the situation is fraught with
. President Truman says blunt-
ly that Governor Stevenson
must run on the Truman record.
The Chicago, Tribune proclaims
with equal candor that "Sena-
tor Taft has written the brief
for him (Eisenhoyer) but Gen-
eral Eisenhower has yet to ar-
gue it before the court of pub-
The hazards would be greatly
lessened if Governor Stevenson
were better known and if General
Eisenhower had been able to
stamp his own clear brand on
Those acquainted with the Il-
linois Governor °are certain he
would make a stalwart Presi-
dent. They insist that within a
relatively short time Stevenson's
Washington would bear little
trace of the Trunan Washing-
ton which produces the scandal
Yet it is a fact that the two
build upon the same base of so-
cial reform and, of the two, Mr.
Truman is by far the best known
and best heeded. Also he speaks a
catchy vernacular and people
have learned to look for it and
repeat it. In time, they will do the
same for Stevenson's easy quips
but there is little time left before
General Eisenhower might
well sympathize with his rival.
Not for Taft is the General's
inspirational approach. T h e
Senator from Ohio knows ex-
actly what he thinks about
practically everything; his spe-
cialty is the specific. He is also
satisfied that he is not only
right but Republican in his
a long way toward closing their
positions, for with the reduced ap-
propriations there must be a re-
duction of military expenditures
here and of foreign aid."
All this being said, the Tru-
man-Taft campaigning is a cal-
culated risk both candidates had
to take. Mr. Truman is a hero
to large blocs of voters to whom
Stevenson is Adlai the Unknown.
Senator Taft's many followers
were sulking in their tents and
hanging on to their pocketbooks.
The presidential nominees can
only hope that the crowds won't
unduly excite the President and
the Senator. Meanwhile, Demo-
crats and Republicans alike will
count that day gained whose cold
descending sun sees not their own
troops wounding their own party,
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Crawford Young ......Managing Editor
Cal Samra ..........Editorial Director
Zander Hollander ......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus ..Associate City Editor
Harland Britz........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman ....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple ..............Sports Editor
John Jenks ... Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell ... .Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler . ......Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Al Green ............Business Manager
Milt Goetz .......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston ...Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg....Finance Manager
Tom Treeger...Circulation Manager