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October 22, 1952 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1952-10-22

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1952

I U I

REPORT FROM NEW YORK:
The Lack of Foreign Experts

By ZANDER HOLLANDER
Daily Feature Editor
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-A gleaning of
revelations and queries from Sunday
night's session of the New York Herald Tri-
bune Forum raises some serious problems.
The chief instigator of dubious thoughts was
Gilbert White, Haverford College's disarm-
ingly youthful and earnest president.
Participating in a panel on "World Eco-
nomic Development," White explored the
problem of "America's Dual Responsibil-
ity" in contributing to that development.
DORIS FLEESON:
Women Love'
Both Candidates
WASHINGTONWomen politicians, in-
cluding Mrs. India Edwards, believe that
"the women's vote" is a cliche. They say
that by and large women vote as men do
and for roughly the same reasons.
Nevertheless, how women intend to vote
November 4 is an important question be-
cause they are showing an unusually keen
interest in the election. The record regis-
tration all over the country is attributed
to women. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's
crowds contain an unusually high per-
centage of them, well distributed accord-
ing to class and age. Gov. Adlai Steven-
son attracts a generous share of women
to his speaking and his heavy mail is
almost equally divided between men and
women.
Republicans were confident from the start
that the General would be an appealing
candidate to the distaff side. That confi-
dence continues and appears to be genuine,
being bolstered, of course, by the General's
crowds. Their arguments run as follows:
Women are attracted to a hero, especially
one with the General's warm personality and
simplicity. The legend that he is attractive
to women helps him.
Women see In Eisenhower, the victor
of Europe, a leader for peace, the issue
that concerns them most of all.
Democrats began the Stevenson cam-
paign with no such initial confidence
about their candidate's stature with the
woman voter. They could not be sure
which way the Stevenson divorce would
cut; they now report that the Governor
gets the sympathy with many women
charging that his wife was Jealous of
him, "a poor sport."
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted In all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: ERIC VETTER

In a discussion which frequently wallowed
in hackneyed phrases and verbiose tech-
nicalities, his was a questioning, but calm,
voice.
Briefly White's case was this: changes in-
troduced into an under-developed country
through technical and financial assistance
programs must emphasize small-scale opera-
tions on the village level; to do this will re-
quire a vast army of dedicated Americans,
an army of "young people recruited and
trained for the task of building healthy and
Drosuerous communities."
Not wishing to inject an acrimonious note
into the general harmony of the session,
White revealed only by implication that our
government is not taking steps to imple-
ment this need. Nevertheless, the accusation
stands and even Stanley Andrews, State De-
partment Technical Cooperation Adminis-
trator, did not deny it.
For as Andrews admitted apologetically
later in the program, the United States
has no program of training in this vital
field. Till now we have relied on the
stopgap of choosing our technical emis-
saries first, then jamming them through
two weeks at the Foreign Service Institute
prior to their overseas assignment. An-
drews acknowledged the inadequacy of
this expedient.
As far as could be learned, the United
States plans no expansion or improvement
of its system for training and recruiting
technical experts. Graduates of Haverford's
special curriculum, devoted to training col-
lege students for precisely this calling, find
few opportunities in our Point Four program,
according to White, though this situation is
improving somewhat. The Technical Co-
operation Administration prefers to send
"established experts" on overseas missions,
Andrews said-though there are not nearly
enough of these and this device throttles the
development of new experts as well as dis-
couraging the expansion of training pro-
grams like Haverford's.
This lack of new experts-as charged by
White and admitted by Andrews-is one
of the big bottlenecks of our own and the
other major powers' assistance programs.
To rid ourselves of it requires effective
government initiative-to match the pri-
vate initiative of outfits like the Ford
Foundation-to promote college and uni-
versity programs which will train the vi-
tally needed young people.
We cannot delay in this task. Poverty any-
where is a grave danger to prosperity every-
where. Our own prosperity will be short-
lived unless we set about relieving the grind-
ing poverty which besets over half the globe
we live on.
" WILL BE as harsh as truth,. and as un-
compromising as justice. On this subject
I do not wish to think, or speak, or write,
with moderation. I am in earnest-I will
not equivocate-I will not excuse-I will
not retract a single inch-and I will be
heard.
-William Lloyd Garrison

BEHIND
THE LINES
0Pearson;
Daily Critics
By CAL SAMRA
Daily Editorial Director
WHILE THE DAILY always welcomes cri-
ticism, nothing is so peevishly amusing
as the frothing pack of wolves who are for-
ever leaping into the senior editorial office
with their bills of complaint. Latest gnash-
ing of teeth has been directed toward col-
umnist Drew Pearson and The Daily's much-
abused critics.
There have been a number of com-
plaints registered to the effect that Pear-
son has been unfair in his treatment of
Senator Richard Nixon. Apparently some
feel that the energetic columnist has
harped too much on the Senator's record.
In respect to this objection, it should be
pointed out that the criterion for bury-
ing a story is not embarrassment, though
many journalists would have us believe so.
In the past two years, Pearson, it should
be remembered, has provided Republicans
with more political ammunition than their
strategists have been able to think up in
20 years. He uncovered a score of scandals
in the Agricultural Dept., the Justice Dept.,
the Internal Revenue Bureau, the OPS, and
the RFC.
THE DAILY'S CRITICS
GENERALLY SPEAKING, there is only one
thing on campus which is more un-
popular than a Daily critic, and that is a
Quad meal. Resentment against these ir-
reconcilable creatures almost reached a
breaking point two ears ago when one mu-
sic critic panned violinist Jascha Heifetz.
Since then, a rather unwelcome tradi-
tion has been established-the editorial
director is expected each year to come to
the defense of the critics who bless this
page with their sometimes benign, some-
times cantankerous moods. Having my-
self just recently recovered from Tom
Arp's unsparing attack on "Paloma,"
which I took to be a reasonably impressive
picture, I find it somewhat difficult.
In brief, the Daily's critics are not selected
indiscriminately. They are chosen on the
basis of study and experience in their res-
pective fields. As such, their tastes are deli-
cate, their eyes and ears sensitive to faults.
As one might expect, they write as they
please-which largely accounts for advertis-
ing manager Milt Goetz' persistent discom-
fort.
In the main, it seems that these review-
ers have done a remarkable job of esthetic,
or otherwise, analysis. If their perceptions
do not always meet with popular approval,
this alone does not justify censoring them,
dropping them, or, least of all, slitting
their throats.
Perhaps it is too much to ask the stu-
dent body to tolerate occasional intolerance

"Feel Anything Yet?"
PH~0 .. -./
- -a,
>
I~j21 d7
U-w n.

Xette/4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

ON THE
WAS IIINGTON
ME RRY-GO-ROUND
WITH DREW PEARSON

'POLITICAL TOUR':
Soviet Music Must Exalt Communism

WASHINGTON-Republican leaders put all sorts of pressure on
GOP Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon to keep him from bolting-
to Stevenson. Shortly before Morse issued his statement deserting the
Republican ticket, Senator Fred Seaton of Nebraska, who has been
close to Morse in the Senate, telephoned him from New York, inviting
him to travel on the Eisenhower train. Morse declined.
For more than a month prior to this, however, a succession of
Republican leaders, including ex-Governor Stassen of Minnesota,
had come to see the Senator from Oregon. One of them dropped
in on Morse just after Eisenhower had endorsed Senator Jenner
in Indiana.
"The General didn't want to make that endorsement," he ex-
plained. "After he saw Jenner he came back to his hotel and said,'
'that-, I'd much rather have punched him in the nose'.
This made Morse even less enthusiastic.
"That shows him up more than ever as a hypocrite," he ex-
ploded. "At the same time he said that, he also stood up and told
the American people to vote for Jenner.
"He did the same thing at the surrender of Morningside Heights
to Senator Taft."
"That was no surrender," replied the Eisenhower emissary.
"That was arranged to save Taft's face."
"What!" exclaimed the Senator from Oregon. "Why Eisenehower
wasn't even given the courtesy of being at the press conference where
Taft announced the terms of the surrender."
UNITED GOP FRONT
THE EMISSARY argued that the General was merely trying to bring
unity in the party. He said he had to appease some of the Old
Guard and bring about a united front. "But," he continued, "you will
be the man he'll call to the White House for consultation after he's
elected."
"On the contrary," replied Morse, "if you read that Taft
statement issued after the 'surrender,' you'll see that Eisenhower
agreed not to discriminate against Taft people, and you know
what that means. That means the Taft people will be running
the party.
"I happen to have been the first Republican to come out for
Eisenhower," Morse continued. "But this is not the Eisenhower I
know. I can't be for this Eisenhower. -Reach over and punch the
cash register: 'no sale'."
First efforts to keep Senator Morse in line occurred prior to
Labor Day, when Eisenhower leaders wanted the Oregonian's help
to swing the American Federation of Labor over to Eisenhower,
or at least keep them from endorsing Stevenson.
To this end, Governor Stassen, who wrote the General's speech
delivered at the AF of L convention, came down to Washington and
spent 2% hours with Morse. However, he made no headway.
"This man compromises with his principles," argued the Senator.
"He has deserted the liberal wing of the Republican Party in order
to get elected. And that's what you did too, Harold."
Stassen passed over this reference to the fact that he was
once leader of GOP liberals. He urged that Morse come to New
York amnd sit on the platform with Eisenhower when he addressed
the AFL. But Morse said no.
"That would just show that I was giving my blessing to some-
thing I didn't agree with, he replied. "It's too late for me to advise
you on the General's speech anyway. I've just been invited by Bill
Green to answer it."
MORSE AND LABOR
AT THIS, Stassen nearly jumped out of his chair. After he returned
to New York, however, another Eisenhower emissary came to
Washington to urge Morse not to differ with Eisenhower in the AFL
speech he was to make the following day.
"This is the hardest job I ever had to do," said the emissary.
"I'll make it easy for you," replied Morse. "Go back and tell
headquarters that I've agreed not to change a single line of my speech.
I had planned to rewrite it and make it ten times tougher, but in view
of your visit I won't change it."
The speech as written and later delivered, of course, was much
tougher than Eisenhower leaders wanted.
Senator Morse's final decision to bolt the Republican Party vas
made after Eisenhower toured New Jersey.
"When I read those speeches in New Jersey," Morse explained
to friends, "and saw the General's claim that he hadn't deserted
his principles, I couldn't stand it any longer. I told my wife I
was going to sleep on it, then get up next morning and take my-
self completely out of the political picture. Next morning I felt
the way I did the night before.
"It's political suicide, I know," concluded Morse, "But I've got
to live with myself no matter who's elected."
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)

SPA Meeting...
To the Editor:s
THE SUBJECT which is mostl
predominant in the minds of!
students today with regard to thes
world situation is peace. With the
knowledge that peace can becomet
and is becoming a reality the stu-
dent can pursue his studies and
look toward the future with less
fear of sudden and inevitable in-
terruption because of war.
With the aim of trying to make
peace a reality the Society for1
Peaceful Alternatives was organ-
ized. It is our prime objective to
invite and interest students into<
projecting and voicing their views1
on peaceful alternatives. In order
that this program be successfullyi
carried out it is essential that our1
platform be non-partisan and,
therefore, that our membership be
heterogeneous in its political views.c
Of course, the binding and driving
force of the S.P.A. always remains
alternatives for peace.1
This Thursday, October 23, ati
7:30 p.m. in the League, the S.P.A.
will have as its first speaker, R.i
Frederick Christman, State Chair-1
man of the Fellowship of Recon-
ciliation. Mr. Christman will speak
on "A Program for Peace." Pre-1
ceding the talk will be a discus-
sion of the future plans of the or-
ganization and election of officers.
Suggested plans include an all-
campus peace conference, moviesf
and speakers representing nation-
al peace movements.
We encourage all students who
are interested in our program to
come to the Thursday meeting.7
-Paul Dormont, Art Rose,
H. Wolfe
Life Goes to .. .
To the Editor:
IT MIGHT be of interest to Dailys
readers to know what Al Blum-
rosen, an ex-Daily editor and new-
ly-apointed (he failed to get elect-
ed) member of the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications, is do-
ing now.
I attended the outdoor Robeson-
Hallinan rally Saturday sitting at
the edge of the crowd. A couple of
men, one with a large camera, and,
group of ten year old boys were
edging towards us. One of the men
had just consulted the kids and
the kids were lining up to kick aJ
football toward the audience. Ii
stepped over in front of the foot-
ball and told the kids they couldn't
play here because a political ral-;
ly was being held. One of them told
me to see the young man about itc
-all they knew was that they werec
going to get their pictures in Life
Magazine by taking their game to-
ward the crowd. I looked at ther
man whom they indicated. He was1
none other than Al Blumrosen. 1
It seemed as if he were disap-
pointed in finding no disturbance
at the rally and was determined
to create one. After all, a peaceful
Progressive Party rally does not
make such a good news story for
Life.
Anyway, several of us discour-
aged Mr. Blumrosen from carry-
ing out his plans and he dismissed
the boys.
-Steve Smale
Paloma ...
To the Editor:
AFTER having seen the Mexican
picture, "Paloma" and com-
pared it t$o Tom Arp's preview, I
must say that I am deeply dis-
appointed in his abilities as a crit-
ic. It seems to me that Mr. Arp,
in his over-eagerness to criticize
this tensely dramatic picture of
Mexican life, has not taken the
trouble to even try to understand
it. How could he have, when he
makes such statements as, "the
minuteness with which the cam-
eras record the most dramatically

insignificant actions make the film
appear to be extremely slow mov-
ing and much longer than the two
hours it takes." Mr. Arp seems to
have missed the point here, for it
is this very emphasis on facial ex-
pressions and minute details
which enhance the very intense
emotions of the persons involved.
As for the picture being slow mov-
ing, this is not so, for every mo-
ment of it embodied a tense strug-
gle for existence. While it is true
that the camera may have focused
a bit too long on a slowly moving
figure, this was done solely to high-
light the deliberate calculations of
the actor's thoughts or actions.
Tom seems to have missed the
point completely when he states
that "there is too much emphasis
on stark facial expression." I pre-
sume, that he here refers to the
heroine, Paloma. And I would like
to know what better method there
is for showing the complete resig-
nation and bitterness of this reti-
cent and timid woman?
I think this film is to be highly
recommended for its very real-
istic presentation of Mexican vil-
lage life. including the nictur-

to stand firm against a wave of
public opinion instead of being
swept along with it. And these
qualities are precisely what was
lacking to all those who stayed
away after reading Mr. Arp's un-
sympathetic and immature crit-
ique. Next time they would do bet-
ter to form their own opinions!
-Lillian Bickert
*" * *
Jascha Panned .. .
To the Editor:
Re. "Cross Purpose" Review:
I WISH to thank Mr. Jascha Kes-
sler for his brilliantly juvenile
criticism of the Arts Theatre first
production.
He exhibits not only the stagger-
ing shallowness of the usual col-
lege criticisms but also a wonder-
ful abundance of their normal,
majestic contempt for creative en-
deavor.
We absolutely cannot pardon the
Art's Theatre group for their "hol-
low production," or their "flaws of
technique." We must at all times
demand perfection from any orig-
inal dramatic presentation, regard-
less of their youthful experimental
nature, *r their sincerity in at-
tempting to present a fresh ap-
proach.
May I suggest that we burn the
theatre and shoot the "incompe-
tent" actors and staff. I hope this
suggestion will appease the hon-
est wrath of Mr. Jascha Kessler.
-Tom Linton
Demonstratum *.
To the Editor:
DICK NIXON antagonized mi-
nority groups;
Dick Nixon appealed to the mid-
dle class;
Dick Nixon weeped in public;
Dick Nixon gained the favor of
some of his countrymen;
Dick Nixon has been illogical;
Dick Nixon has cracked corny
jokes;
Therefore, Dick Nixon is a new
Adolph Hitler and/or Huey Long.
Quod Eret Demonstratum, Bill
Wiegand.
--Walter Weiner, '53L
YR & YD Debts .. .
To the Editor:
A CAMPUSnewspaper is expect-
ed to present its news coverage
impartially, but the Daily has not
done so in the debts accrued to
the Taft and Young Democratic
clubs.
Admittedly the Taft Club has a
debt. The Daily splashed the story
over page one in three columns.
The next day the Daily editors
were told that the Young Demo-
crats had a debt of $23. when
Rackham Hall was rented for Mike
Monroney's talk. Nothing has been
written regarding this debt.
Though the Young Democratic
leadership paid this debt Thurs-
day, they were not authorized to
do so by the membership of the
club.
Two things should be done im-
mediately:
1) The Daily should have the
same coverage it gave to the Taft
Club debt accorded to the Young
Democratic debt.
2) The Young Democratic mem-
bership should be asked by vote
whether they wanted to pay, from
their own pockets, for the Young
Democratic mistakes made in the
past.
-Bernie Backhaut
on behalf of the
Young Republicans

0

f

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a
series of Interpretive articlesdealing with
Soviet culture and the extent of state control
over the endeavors of Soviet artists, writers,
musicians, scientists, and educators. Today:
Soviet music.)
By DONALD HARRIS
"MUSIC MUST present the consumate
formulation of the psychological tri-
bulations of mankind, it should accumulate
man's energy. Here we have the "Symphony
of Socialism. It begins with the Largo of
the masses working underground, an accel-
erando corresponds to the subway system;
the Allegro in its turns symbolizes gigantic
factor machinery and its victory over nature.
The Adagio represents the synthesis of So-
viet culture, science, and art. The Scherzo
reflects the athletic life of the happy inhabi-
tants of the Union. As for the Finale, it is
the image of gratitude and the enthusiasm
of the masses."
Such writes the critic, Alexis Tolstoy,
who in this typical program note has
demonstrated the outlook on music pre-
valent in the Soviet Union today. And
from this passage we can easily infer how
the Soviets have capitalized on one of
Russia's most cherished and popular heri-
tages, her musical gift, in order to make
the necessary but distasteful job of pro-
pagandizing more palatable.
This is exactly the main duty that music
must perform in Soviet society. Ever since
the revolution the Soviet has had to keep
on convincing the populace of the merits
of communism. A standard of living which
for the majority of people is not really any
better than pre-revolutionary conditions,
extra-long and tedious working days to build
up Russia's industrial potential and keep
pace with the Western World, a constant
state of anxiety caused equally by the terror
of the police state within the country and
the fear of a dialectical war with other
countries, all this is certainly not a pleasant
diet to the Soviet citizen.
Yet defeatism and insurrection is the last
thing the Stalin government could allow if
they are to be true to the dialectic. So pro-
na.anra must nrsist. The glories of the

torting the meaning of an art form, a
national heritage, so that political doc-
trines, before difficult to accept, now be-
come more acceptable. And not only music
written since the Revolution is made to
serve this purpose, but equally music from
by-gone eras has been thus reinterpreted.
It seems strange to us but the melancholy
in Tschaikovsky's music is now to repre-
sent "the last dying gasp of capitalism."
Now the fact that music must serve a
practical utility, and that composers must
recognize this fact (the recent purges and
resultant dictates, and the fact that com-
posers must not write music more advanced
than the average musical insight, are a re-
sult of this changed musical function) is
obviously damaging to art. And the pro-
vocative question of whether or not compos-
ers can write expressive music under the
yoke of non-musical dictates, though a ser-
ious question, is one in which only the fu-
ture can positively answer. But what is most
abhorrent and most artistically damaging
about the Soviet view of music is its effect
on the listener, the most important part of
the composer-performer-listener triumvir-
ate that goes to create the musical experi-
ence.
LOOKING AGAIN at the passage which
began this article, we easily see that the
values it expresses are extra-musical; they
are political ideas which have been super-
imposed on an artistic creation. What hap-
pens is that the Soviet listener is asked not
to listen to music in itself, but rather with
a preconceived idea that is foreign to the
very essence of the art.
Of course there has been program music
in the past, and I suppose that there shall
continue to be. Many things which we
perceive around us are in a sense musical,
such as the song of a bird or the rhythm
of a machine. But certainly it is impos-
sible for music to portray so abstract an
idea as "the synthesis of Soviet culture,
science, and art." And even if music were
to be always 'imitating those things in
nature which are musical, which could be
ia-M the ran ..wnnmmnot . sh o min....-

ly on a story which is supposed to accom-
pany the music.
On the other hand there have been in-
stances such as Beethoven's Pastoral sym-
phony where the program is of real impor-
tance to the music. What is represented in
this symphony are such things as a babbling
brook or a thunderstorm, but again the en-
joyment of this work is definitely not based
predominantly or even only on the fact that
Beethoven has successfully captured the
rise and fall of a thunderstorm.
* * *
CLEARLY THERE are other, more vital is-
sues in a \work of art. What these values
are is not the concern of this article, rather
the harm that their ignorance will cause.
In the case where the program is added
without the composer's knowledge, where its
intent is obviously non-musical but utilitar-
ian, where its meaning destroys the mean-
ing inherent in the work of art, in these
cases the harm is grossly magnified.
And this is the case in Soviet Russia
where the non-musical values are pro-
mulgated, the musical, artistic ones are
negligible. The listener must make his
feelings correspond to ideas dictated from
outside the work. If he objects, he is told
he is wrong, and probably accused of be-
ing a traitor, as composers have been call-
ed when purged for similar reasons.
The average concert-goer in Russia loses
any insight he might receive into the true
nature of music, by being constantly made
to seek out and supply non-musical mean-
ings. Though music can in some fashion be
divertissement, it more often is his pep-
talk.
The business of applying non-musical
connotations to music, of denying the
identity of an art form by making it sub-
servient to a political, practical purpose
can do naught else but conceal the mean-
ing of art. And not only is the meaning
lost, but also man's only means of his
creative expression is hidden under a cloak
of propagandizing. The listener loses one
of the most vital aspects of the human
exnerien ee

p
'I t C i ttt Mt

I

Sixty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staf
Crawford Young... ..Managing Editor
Cal Samra............Editorial Director
Zander Hollander.......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus ......... Associate City Editor
Harland Britz.......Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman.....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple..... ......Sports Editor
John Jenks .....Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell ..... Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler.......Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Business Staff
Al Green...........Business Manager
Milt Goetz........Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston...Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg..... Finance Manager
Tom Treeger.......Circulation Manager

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