THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1952
PAGE FOUR WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1952
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ I N I
The German Debt to Israel
MATTER OF FACT
By STEWART ALSOP
Nothing Exceeds Like Excess
LAST MONTH West Germany signed a
pact with Israel agreeing to pay $822,-
000,000 in goods and services to compensate
for the hideous crimes perpetrated against
the Jewish people at the hands of the
Nazis. Now firm oppositin influenced by
Arab and anti-Jewish protest, has been voic-
ed to renege on Germany's promise to meet
Heading the anti-repatriation move-
ment is Josef Trischler, a former Nazi
collaborationist, who represented the Ger-
man ethnic groups in Yugoslavia and
Hungary during the Hitler regime. Tris-
chler has been joined in protest by the
This movement has resulted in 28 Ger-
man deputies in the Bundestag filing a
written request with Chancellor Conrad Ade-
nauer to re-examine the restitution pact.
There are two chief arguments against
the Israeli reparations fund.
The first argument is that Israel's de-
mand for compensation is questionable since
the new state was established after the Ger-
To the contrary, although Israel was
not formally recognized until 1948, it was
looked upon during World War II as the
unofficial home of persecuted Jews.
Secondly, opponents of the reparation
maintain that Israel is asking for money to
aid half a million Jewish refugees while ig-
noring the 800,000 Arabs left homeless by
the Arab-Israeli war. The Arab refugee prob-
lem, however, is an entirely separate issue
and bears no relation to the reparations fund
owed to Israel by the Germans.
Germany owes a debt, not only to the
Jews who were fortunate enough to es-
cape with their lives, but also to the Jewish
people as a whole for the six million Hitler
slaughtered in the ovens and gas cham-
bers and the untold amount of Jewish pro-
perty destroyed and confiscated.
It is to be hoped that Germany will over-
look the protests of the Arabs and Trisch-
ler's cohorts and carry through the pledge
to pay its moral obligation to the Jewish
P KMAKY "
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: ERIC VETTER
THIS FRIDAY will mark the opening of
the Little Club, one of the better fac-
similies of a night club in this vicinity.
The Little Club, for the past two years,
has successfully provided students with a
place to spend their Friday evenings.
Dancing and an informal, candle-lit at-
mosphere are two of the factors which
have made the Club so popular.
This year has seen the Little Club trans-
ferred from the League to the Union, which
is now sponsoring it. The move is expected
to be a decided improvement, since, in the
past there was often trouble accommodating
everybody, and the room available in the
Union is considerably larger.
As a very enjoyable place to spend an
evening, the Little Club is to be highly re-
WE WANDERED into one of" the local
cinemas the other evening, and after
sitting through a rather tedious feature, we
were anxiously awaiting the showing of the
"News of the Week in Review."
Instead, we found ourselves watching a
pictorial survey on the life of General
Dwight D. Eisenhower, candidate for presi-
dent of the United States.
The audience was politely informed that
this film was being presented in the nature
of a public service, and so quite naturally,
was eager to identify its benevolent bene-
After yawning through ten minutes of
simpering superlatives, and Hollywood stere-
otypes of the dashing candidate, the source
of our uninterrupted boredom was finally
Tucked away in the lower corner of the
screen was the emblem of the Hearst syn-
When the curtain finally came down,
this guardian of the public conscience also
promised an installment on the Steven-
son story in the near future.
Perhaps it will be screened before, rather
than after, the election.
PHILADELPHIA-Most Philadelphians be-
lieve that Pennsylvania is the key to the
national election, and that this city of
Philadelphia is the key to Pennsylvania'
And there is a good deal to be said for this
As a matter of simple arithmetic it is
difficult to see how Dwight D. Eisenhower
can win, unless he takes the thirty-two
electoral votes of Pennsylvania, which
Thomas E. Dewey carried in 1948. As for
this city, the figures tell their own story.
Franklin D. Roosevelt used to carry Phila-
delphia by majorities in the neighborhood
of 200,000 and these majorities gave him
the state. Harry S. Truman carried Phila-
delphia in 1948 by a measly margin of
"7,000-and he lost the state by about
Thus, Adlai Stevenson can win Pennsyl-
vania if he holds Truman's strength in
Democratic Pittsburgh, does no worse than
Truman elsewhere, and carries this city b
something less than a Rooseveltian major-
ity. And Stevenson starts here with certain
advantages which Truman conspicuously
First, Henry A. Wallace polled some 55,000
votes in Pennsylvania in 1948. All observers
agree that the great bulk of these votes
will go to Stevenson this time. This reduces
the Republican lead in 1948, which Steven-
son must overcome to win, to about 100,000
votes, a tiny fraction of the total vote in
this big state.
Second, this city has a Democratic ad-
ministration for the first time in sixty-
seven years. As a result of this unprece-
dented defeat, the Philadelphia Republi-
can machine, which used to control huge
chunks of votes, is now in "perfectly hor-
rible shape," to quote one Republican
leader. City Council President James Fin-
negan, Democratic chairman of Phila-
delphia, confidently predicts that Steven-
son. will carry the city by 100,000 to 150,-
000. Mayor Joseph Clark and able District
Attorney Richardson Dillworth are more
cautious. But even the Republican lead-
ers believe that Stevenson may gain heav-
ily on Truman's vote in this city.
Third, all observers are agreed that the
Negro vote (which makes up almost a quar-
ter of the vote in Philadelphia, and is heavy
elsewhere in the state) is now more solidly
Democratic than ever before. Republican
leaders like Gov. John Fine wince visibly
when they see pictures of Gen. Eisenhower
chatting amicably with southerners like Gov.
James Byrne of South Carolina. They be-
lieve Eisenhower's strategy of invading the
South makes the job of holding key north-
ern states like Pennsylvania decidedly more
Fourth, the statewide Republican organ-
ization, like the city machine, is in weakened
condition. Pennsylvania Republican boss
Mason Owlett was forced off the Executive
Committee of the Republican National Com-
mittee after Eisenhower's nomination, and
he and his followers are in a towering rage.
There is even talk of a big protest write-in
vote for Sen. Robert A. Taft by the Owlett
partisans, and some former Taft followers
are certainly still sitting on their hands.
Adding up all these factors, it might be
tempting to conclude that Pennsylvania is
in the bag for Stevenson-which would
almost certainly give Stevenson the elec-
tion. But no one here seems to think that
this is necessarily so.
The Democratic organization, both city
and state, is almost as badly split as its Re-
publican counterpart. Meanwhile, Gov.
Fine's own personal Republican machine is
purring smoothly. Fine has a vast state
payroll of 48,000 employees, whom he can
hire or fire at will. An innocent question
asked by this reporter-whether most of
these employees might be expected to vote
Republican?-provoked general merriment
at the State House in Harrisburg.
Everyone, moreover, points out that reg-
istration is way up this year, a phenome-
non common to many other states. Nor-
mally, the Democrats should be encour
aged by this rush to get on the registers,
since a heavy vote traditionally favors
their party. But they have noted that the
women seem particularly eager to vote this
time, and they ask themselves nervously
just what the ladies are up to. On this
score the Republicans have no doubts-
the women, they say, are eager to kick
out the party which "drafted their sons
and got us into the Korean war."-,The
fact that registration is particularly heavy
in Republican districts seems to support
Finally there is the intangible factor of
personality-and there is no doubt that Eis-
enhower is liked as Dewey never was, while
Stevenson, for all his brilliance, remains a
somewhat dim figure to many voters. One
able political reporter here has the night-
mare task of predicting city and state elec-
tions on the Sunday before the voting. He
has scored an amazing 100 'per cent in the
past. This time, his crystal ball is cloudy,
"My instinct tells me Stevenson," he says.
"But mind you," he adds hastily, "it might
be Eisenhower in a walk." This about sums
up the best guesses of the best guessers not
only here but everywhere, in this peculiarly
1' t .E~. ~
WITH DREW PEARSON
At The Orpheum .. .
THE STRANGER IN BETWEEN, with Dirk
CAST IN THE TRADITION fo "The Bi-
cycle Thief" and "The Fallen Idol," a
new and relatively unheralded J. Arthur
Rank production opens this week at the
Orpheum. Although it relies on the "little
child shall lead them" story which has almost
become a cliche in the European film, it
is a very fine melodrama, and can be recom-
The plot turns upon a fleeing murderer
who is forced by circustances to take with
him in his escape a small boy who has
wandered on the scene. Because the child
has had an unhappy home life, he turns
his affection on his "kidnaper." The dog-
ged devotion of the child accordingly re-
acts upon the killer, each of them finding
in the other a love and loyalty he had not
known before. Their wild trip across the
English and Scottish countryside makes
up the greater portion of the film, but it
never lapses into a mere "chase" picture.
The fidelity of their relationship pitches
it a level higher.
The almost appaling competence of the
English film-makers is evidenced in every
department of the production. The structure
is so economical that the audience is well
into the picture before it is really certain
what is going on. The suspense is never the
cheap shock stuff like squealing cats or
phony shadows. And occasionally, as in the
scene where the tormented hero is trying to
win some cigarettes on a pinball machine
while the child looks on, the touches are
worthy of DeSica.
Unquestionably, the performances of Dirk
Bogaard as the murderer and Jon Whitely
as the child, are among the most important
elements in the success of the film. They
somehow deserve all the astonishing good
luck they have in the course of their flight,
and the audience's sentiment is fairly en-
listed for a pretty good pair.
Add one question for future study: don't
European children ever cry?
SAN FRANCISCO-Judge Homer Bone of the U.S. Court of Appeals
was lunching with friends in San Francisco. The question of the
Nixon "expense" fund came up.
"There's been a lot of sickness in my family," remarked the
judge, "and I've had a hard time living on my salary. Perhaps I
should take a thousand dollars from the Sante Fe Railroad,
another from the American Presidents Line, and another thousand
from the Dollar Line.
"I suppose, in view of the Nixon precedent," continued Judge
Bone, keeping a straight face. "It wouldn't make any difference,
"They'd run you off the bench," snorted stanch Republican Louis
*w * +*e
THERE'S BEEN a lot of discussion over whether Senator Nixon did
or did not use his expense fund for personal matters and how he
was able to buy two houses at once, one of them requiring $21,000
However, the really important question is: "Did the million-
aires club, who put up the expense money, get value returned
through the Senator's vote?"
The answer lies in the Senator's voting record and the business
interests of his donors. Here are both:
Eleven of the Nixon donors are big real-estate men, including
such powerful operators as:
Fred H. Bixby-whose family owns tremendous areas in Long
Beach; President of Alamitos Land Co.; Director Security-First Na-
tional Bank; Founders Fire and Marine Insurance; Jotham Bixby Co.;
A. M. EMV Bixby Co.
Benton Van Nuys-President of the Van Nuys Building Co., Van
Nuys Investment Co., La Hacienda Co., First Safe Deposit Co., Direct-
or Tojon Co., and Farmers and Merchants National Bank.
The real-estate men who donated to Nixon's secret fund
were active in trying to obtain the removal of rent controls and
blocking Taft public housing for slum clearance in Los Angeles.
Here is how their man, Senator Nixon, voted on these questions:
June 20, 1951-Nixon voted to cut public housing from 50,000 to
5,000 units. On June 4, 1952 he voted to shorten rent controls by four
months, on June 5 he voted for Senator Cain's amendment to give
localities the say-so on imposing rent control in critical areas. On
June 12 he and Senator Knowland introduced an amendment to the
defense bill aimed at sidetracking public housing.
.* * - *
FIFTEEN OF Senator Nixon's secret donors were also oilmen or
oil-equipment manufacturers, including some with government
Herbert Hoover, Jr., one of the largest donors, is President of
United Geophysical, a director of Union Oil and of Southern
California Edison. His company has an important contract with
the Navy for exploring and drilling oil in Northern Alaska, re-
putedly rich in oil.
^ Others are Earle M. Jorgensen-chairman of the Jorgensen Oil
Co., director of the Citizens National Trust Co.; Rodney S. Burkee,
president of the Lane-Wells Co., Petro-Tech Service Co., Lane-Wells
Canadian Co.; also director of Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Asso-
ciation and of Sells Surveys Inc.
Earl B. Gilmore, president of the A. F. Gilmore Co., Kerman
Cattle Co., director of Technical Crafts Co., and Gilmore and Nolan,
Inc.; William B. Hubbard, president Anselma Oil Co., Realitos Oil Co.,
director of Cherry Rivet Co.
Thomas P. Pike, president of Pike Drilling Co., and Casualty In-
surance Co.; Frank Seaver, president of Hydril Co., Doheny Stone
Drill Co., and Texford Manf. Co.; Leland K. Whittier, vice-president
Belridge Oil, Rodeo Land and Water; director Western Oil and Gas
Assn.; Farmers and Merchants National Bank.
Edward R. Valentine, vice-pres. Fullerton Oil, director California
Portland Cement; J. W. Robinson Co.; Security-First National Bank;
Arthur Crites, who has both oil and real-estate interests at Bakers-
field; R. R. Bush, a Pasadena oilman.
Senator Nixon's record in regard to oil follows: On Aug. 21,
1951 he voted for the basing-point bill which the oil companies
favored. In September, 1951 he voted against cutting the oil-
depletion allowance from 27 per cent to 14 per cent. But his
most active work for oil companies was his vigorous, consistent
championship of tidelands oil.
Nixon even sent copies of tidelands oil literature out under his
own frank, despite the fact that he claimed he used the secret expense
fund to mail letters and thus save the taxpayers expense.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
WE REGRET TO announce that the titilating little cartoon
which spent a short, but delightful, sojourn on this page is
being discontinued by popular demand.
Arithmetic , .
To the Editor:
T HE OPPORTUNITIES for lib-
eral education offered by The
Daily are often astounding. On the
front page of Saturday's issue, we
read: "The Students for Stevenson
Club had reserved two buses on
Thursday, but when they asked
for seven additional buses . .
Dean Rea said ... 'the club asked
for a total of ten buses . . .' " I'
had always assumed the treatment
of figures of this magnitude to be
a relatively simple mathematical
procedure, but apparently (pos-
sibly it is a Harvard influence)
there are two sides even to this
While on the subject of such
trivia, it might be further observed
that earlier in the week in the
generally commendable coverage
given by The Daily to the release
of the Revised Standard Version
of the Bible, Leroy Waterman was
consistently referred to as "Pro-
fessor Emeritus of Semantics."
The Daily is about the last place
we would expect to find anti-
semitism, but it does happen that
Dr. Waterman's position is actu-
ally Professor Emeritus of Semi-
tics-which is more than a seman-
tic difference, although it does not
in the least diminish the respect
due this distinguished scholar's
s 9 *
Sororities .. .
To the Editor:
DONNA HENDLEMAN and Ann
Lewis in their opposition to the
new fall rushing system have put
hte emphasis where it rightly be-
longs-on the individual. The hurt
and disappointment that being re-
jected by a sorority (or any other
group) brings with it can be very
harmful to the individual con-
cerned. The new rushing sched-
ule compounds this evil: first, be-
cause a very possible defeat and
the resulting feeling of "unwanted-
ness" mar the very outset of a
freshman's college career (before,
as Miss Lewis makes very clear,
the rejected coeds have had a
chance to get their bearings and
to make friends, who would "help
them mend their damaged pride");
second, because the greater turn-
out for rushing means inevitably
that more people get hurt. (The
only way an apologist for the
change could turn this last into
a point in favor of the new system
would be to claim that "misery
My four years of living in the
dorm convinced me that Mary
Ann Alexander's statement ("With
rushing placed in the fall, all ten-
sion is now over with") is more
naive optimism or a pious hope
than an accurate description of
what really happens. The stinging
disappointment and discourage-
ment of being turned down by
one's contemporaries cannot be
easily or rapidly forgotten in a
vacuum, much less in a situation
which brings constant reminders
of one's failure. No, Miss Alexan-
der, the self cross-examinations of
"Why don't they like me?" and
"What's wrong with me?" go on
tettePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
for much, much longer than you
To balance or cancel these grave
drawbacks in the new schedule,
I see no advantage that accrues
to the individual girl from it. She
certainly is not able to make any
kind of a comparative evaluation
of dorm and sorority life "simul-
taneously," as Mary Jane Mills
hopes, in her first, second and
third weeks of college life. She can
hardly find much consolation in
having made a wide circle of
friends (if, indeed, this is human-
ly possible in the "rush" of rush-
ing), for, if she has been rejected,
she will most likely have rather
negative feelings toward sorority
women for some time, or if she is
unusually understanding and for-
giving, she might well wonder
which of the sorority women she
met is receptive to continued
friendship with her.
Let's hope for an honest re-
examination of the rushing sched-
ule on the part of Pan-Hel. Maybe
a fewrepresentatives from the
Psychology and Mental Hygiene
departments sitting in on Pan-Hel
discussions of this problem would
help to keep the discussion fo-
cused on what would be best for
the individual girls.
Connie Belin Grad
'Let's Wake Up'...
To the Editor:
THIS IS my first semester on the
Michigan campus and I must
admit that I am somewhat sur-
prised by the degree of political
apathy on the campus. Campus
meetings and discussions, specifi-
cally on the recent presidential
election, are attended by a signif-
icant minority of the students. And
only recently when General Eisen-
hower spoke at Jackson, only a
handful of students troubled
themselves to make this trip, des-
pite the fact that transportation
was already provided.
It is the simplest thing in the
world for a student attending col-
lege to escape in his little "ivory
Tower" and let the rest of the
world go to blazes. Unfortunately,
this seems to be the attitude of a
large number of students here.
College life can represent the most
limiting as well as the most broad-
ening period of one's life and the
activities participated in is a good
indicator of how one intends to
spend or waste his time in the fu-
This political campaign is one
that directly concerns us all. Many
of us will be voting for the first
time. Let's begin to take a more
active part in it by attending
meetings and learning more about
the principles that both parties
adhere to, as well as the campaign
promises of the leaders, so that we
won't be gullible enough to accept
the black and white descriptions of
either party. Citizenship involves
certain responsibilities. These re-
sponsibilities are further accentu-
ated by the critical situation of to-
day. Let's tear off these ivy vines
of political apathy and begin to
critically evaulate the presidential
aspirants. Let's wake up.
Sanford Jay Schreber
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN,
By JOSEPH DYNAN
AP News Analyst
statesmen have stepped on the gas in a
drive they hope will bring them to con-
federation of Western Europe within a year.
This surge began with the adoption
Sept. 10 of the "Luxembourg Resolution"
for confederation by the foreign ministers
of France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium,
The Netherlands and Luxembourg, al-
ready partners in the Schuman Coal-
The enthusiasm of the foreign ministers
drew prompt support from members of the
Schuman Assembly, a legislative arm of the
Coal-Steel Community. The Assemblymen
voted Sept. 13 to produce a treaty draft for
a "European political authority" or con-
federation by next March 10.
Later the subject came before the Coun-
cil of Europe's Assembly in Strasbourg. Re-
presentatives of 14 nations, including the
Schuman Plan group, sit in this parliament-
In adopting the British-backed Eden plan
for knitting supranational communities to
the Council of Europe, the representatives
said the confederation should be closely
foreign relations for France, West Germ-
any and Italy.
West Germany and Italy face national
elections in 1953 which might unseat Ade-
nauer and De Gasperi. In France, Schuman
may go any day.
The ministers at Luxembourg decided to
go ahead with the confederation now, bas-
ing it on the Schuman Plan machinery in-
stead of waiting for the European Defense
Community Treaty of the same six nations
to be ratified. They fixed the March 10
deadline for the charter and asked the
Schuman Plan Assembly to take the job.
The British urged coordination of Eu-
ropean unity efforts within the Council of
Europe, to which they belong.
Ardent federalists regarded the British
and Scandinavians as dead-weight which
would wreck continental unification.
With an eye on West Germany, the
French, led by Socialist Guy Mollet and
Pierre-Henri Teitgen, national chairman of
Schuman's own Popular Republican party
MRP, fought successfully for the Eden-
Mollet, whose party can make or break
almost any French government, declared
French Socialists want supranational in-
lContinued from Page 2)
Inter-Guild Council meeting, Lane
Hall, 5:00 p.m.
U. of M. Aviation Club's first meeting
will be held from 7:30 to 8:15 p.m. in
Room3-S, Michigan Union. All those in-
terested in learning to fly, obtaining
licenses at reduced rates, and old mem-
bers of the U. of M. Glider and Flying
Clubs are invited.
English Department Student-Faculty
Coffee Hour will be held in the Union,
Thurs., Oct. 9, 4:00-5:30 p.m. All stu-
dents are invited.
Pre-Medical Society. First meeting of
the semester will be held Thurs., Oct.
9, 7:30 p.m. in Angeli Hall Auditorium
D. Dr. Wayne L. Whitaker, secretary of
the Medical School, will speak.
Literary College Conference. Import-
ant Steering Committee meeting,
Thursday, 4 p.m., 1011 Angell Hall.
Square Dance Section, Faculty Wom-
en's Club, will begin its year's activi-
ties with an October dance to be held
Sat., Oct. 11, in the gymnasium of the
new Tappan Junior High School. Mr.
Newt Loken will be the caller. A 7:30
dessert and coffee hour will precede
Graduate Student Council meeting
Thurs., Oct. 9, 7:30 p.m. Graduate Out-
ing Club Room, basement of Rackham.
Ukrainian Students Club. Meeting on
Thurs., Oct. 9, 7 p.m. International Cen-
ter. Election of officers. Students of
Ukrainian descent are invited to join
the club. Guests are welcome.
International Relations Club. Meet-
ing Thurs., Oct. 9, 7:30 p.m., Room 3-K,
Michigan sailing Club will hold its
meeting Thurs., Oct. 9, 7:30 p.m.; 311
1300 Chemical Building. Movies of the
Bikini atomic bomb test will be shown.
Old members as well as prospective
members are urged to attend.
Beacon Association. Opening meeting,
8 p.m., Thurs., Oct. 9, Michigan League.
La Sociedad Hispanica will hold its
first meeting of the year Thurs., Oct. 9,
in the Michigan Room of the League at
7:30 p.m. A program consisting of Span-
ish songs, dancing, refreshments, and a
talk with films on Mexico will be pre-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Stu dent Publications.
Crawford Young ...Managing Editor
Cal Samra.........Editorial Director
Zander Hollander ......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus.......Associate City Editor
Harland Brits.........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman ....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple ..............8ports Editor
John Jenks ... Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell . ..Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler ....... Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Al Green ............Business Manager
Milt Goets.......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston ...Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg .....Finance Manager
Tom Treeger ...Circulation Manager