THE MICHIGAN DAILY
BEHIND THE LINES
A Question of Black and White
By CAL SAMRA "Young happens to be a fraternity man,"
Daily Editorial Director I interjected, "but he's not a racist. He's
'ALL FRATERNITY men and sorority wo- against bias clauses."
men are reactionaries, racists, and mim- "You're all racists . . ." (By this time,
ics of the Ku Klux Klan." American society in its entirety had under-
The young man from Nigeria looked up gone vehement damnation.)
at us with imploring eyes and demanded We were, to say the least, bewildered.
that we print his letter to the editor, which'
contained, among other absurdities, the After another exchange, he finally went
above observation. Object of his wrath away brooding. His letter had been both
was the "African Safari" show, slated to libelous and inaccurate, and couldn't be
be presented at Skit Night on Saturday. published.
He had seen the "African Safari" show We wondered how many -more like him
beforehand, apparently, and concluded that there are in the world.
it's a gross misrepresentation of African *
life. Therefore, by some strange twist of -QUOTES OF THE WEEK-
logic, "all fraternity men and sorority wo- DICK CURRY in the March issue of the
men are reactionaries, racists, and mimics March issue of the Michigan Technic:
of the Ku Klux Klan." "In his daily work, the engineer does not
We reminded him that a large number need culture. This may seem obvious, but
of independents were also participating in yet many other professions do require a man
Skit Night. of some culture."
That didn't matter. They were racists, C. P. TRUSSELL writing in the New
too, he insisted. York Times: "Earl Browder, former head
He admitted that 'he hadn't seen any of the Communist Party in the United
white-robed terrorists on horseback lately, States, refused today to testify whether
but then proceeded to shower us with a bar- he was now or ever had been a Com-
rage of-abuse. munist. . .
Between tirades, we gathered that: "The MICHIGAN STATE COLLEGE STUDENT
Daily is a racist newspaper. You (Crawford in a local pub: "Ya know, I'm getting tired
Young) are a racist. And you (Samra) are of State. There ain't enough bourgeois cul-
also a racist," he imprecated, pointing an ture down there. That's why I come up here
accusing finger at us. occasionally. Hope some of it rubs off."
"Yes, but ..." Source of Michigan culture for him is a
"Reactionaries! . . . little lassie at Stockwell Hall.
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
... cCellepj to te &ifor ..
-- - - - - - - -
Disgusted . ..0
At Lydia Mendelssohn . .
RIGHT YOU ARE IF YOU THINK YOU
ARE, presented by the speech depart-
IRANDELLO, like Ibsen and Shaw, is
often dismissed by the mhodern playgoer
as a mere ideologist, interested in philoso-
phy to the exclusion of more tangible theat-
rical values. Worse yet, his ideas are ac-
cused of being second-rate. Last night's pro-
duction, though deficient in many respects,
shows him absolved on both coints.
His ideas are undeniably familiar-the
clash between illusion and reality has im-
mediately concerned thinking men in all
ages. Good art, from The Odyssey to the
recent Japanese film Rashomon, has always
attempted to examine the nature of human
illusions and find j a justification for them.
Pirandello's attempt, however, is made on
his own terms; his examination illuminates
the problem in a new way, and his justifi-
cation has the force of a conviction honestly
The play embodying these ideas shares
their intergrity. A man in a provincial Ital-
ian town keeps his wife in one establish-
ment, his mother-in-law in another. Pub-
lie opinion is aroused; the man is some
sort of sadist surely, or at least mildly
depraved. So by the process of free inquiry,
that venerable democratic ideal, they de-
termine to find out the Truth. Tearing
off one veil of appearance after another,
they find that the mother-in-law must
be mad, then just as certainly that the
husband is the culprit. The only "fact"
they are ultimately left with is that love
is a powerful, jealous, and necessary guard-
ian of the secret happiness of the human
John Haney and Carolyn Krigbaum pre-
sent the central paradox, the conflict be-
tween mother and son-in-law with the power
it requires. Miss Krigbaum gets across a
sense of the old lady's weakness and de-
ference to public opinion while retaining an
invincible inner core against all coercion.
The role of the son-in-law needs a nicely
balanced change of apparent attitude, from
wrath to desperate defiance, which Haney
ofte~n obscures. In slighting these transi-
tions, he is left with an almost uniform agi-
tation which sacrifices some of the play's
subtlety and consequently its comedy. Nev-
ertheless, his performance is commendable
in tha't he does create an atmosphere of
feverish importance around the problem
which encloses all the characters.
It is the rest of the cast, upon whom the
burden of the comedy rests, which lets the
play down rather badly. Anthony Georgi-
las, as Laudisi, the detached, ironic com-
mentator, weakens his -part by playing it in-
consistently. A combination of Greek chorus
and Shakesperean fool, the role requires
a wry elegance which Georgilas often aban-
dons, to become an over-extravagant critic.
Spontaneity, that first of all qualities that
parlor comedy must simulate, was con-
spicuously absent from the roles of the prob-
ing townspeople. In the original Italian,
these parts undoubtedly had a blithe, chat-
tering, magpie aura about them. Zelda Ben-
owitz approached this kind of performance,
but few others did. In the last act, the town's
governor appeared; for some strange reason
Joel Sebastian played him as a fantastic
caricature, wholly out of step with the. kind
of thing everybody else was attempting.
The play's virtues often shone through, but
for the most part the actors seemed at cross
purposes with themselves and the play-
wright. -Bob Holloway
A NEW APPROACH to the Kremlin, to
seek a Korean settlement and for other
purposes, is being actively debated at the
highest levels of the Eisenhower admin-
The debate-started in the turmoil fol-
lowing the death of Stalin. The change
of regime in Moscow caused an almost
unprecedented stir here in Washington.
Intelligence and other experts were drag-
ged from their week-end pleasures. Ad
hoc committees were appointed all over
the place. The general view was that
Stalin's death presented a great oppor-
tunity, because of the inevitable uncer-
tainty and confusion in Moscow. But there
was little agreement on how the oppor-
tunity ought to be exploited.
According to a reliable report, C. D. Jack-
son, President Eisenhower's psychological
warfare adviser, took the lead in propos-
ing a major, formal new approach to the
Kremlin at this time.
The idea soon took several forms, ranging
all the way from a plan for a meeting of
President Eisenhower, Prime Minister Malen-
kov and Prime Minister Churchill, with the
possible addition of a French representa-
tive, to a project for a full-dress note to
Moscow, declaring our own peaceful inten-
tions and testing the intentions of the Krem-
lin. As can be seen, these earlier forms of
the scheme for a new approach to the Krem-
lin had more than a tinge of psychological
The aim was to achieve results if pos-
sible, by an approach made in all sin-
cerity. But the aim was also to demon-
strate the insincerity of the Kremlin's
renewed peace offensive, if the American
approach should be rejected or should fail
in the end.
The scheme is known to have awakened
the lively interest of the President. Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles is also said
to have given it a friendly reception in the
first instance. But the State Department
as a whole objected strongly to the manner,
if not the matter, of the proposed new ap-
proach. The formality and the publicity-
both needful from the standpoint of psy-
chological warfare-were the aspects par-
In the view of the State Department, for-
mal and public negotiations with the Soviet
Union almost never get results, whether con-
ducted by note, or in the UN forum, or at
special international conferences. If the de-
sire is to achieve a Korean settlement or
other solid gains, the department argues
that the quietest possible diplomatic chan-
nels are the right channels to use.
Second, the department argues that
any suggestion of Soviet-American talks
at this time will be the death-knell of the
European army and the new status of
Germany. Secretary Dulles has made "sub-
stantial progress" with the European army
the prime test of Europe's good will. Even
now, the French Foreign Minister, Georges
Bidault, is stated to be intriguing with
thge followers of Gen. DeGaulle to block
the European army. The French, par-
ticularly, will drag their feet indefinitely,
if they have the excuse that the status of
Germany may soon be directly discussed
with the Soviet Union.
Third, the department also argues that
any direct overture from Eisenhower to Mal-
enkov will be a gift from heaven to the new
Soviet Prime Minister, amounting, in ef-
fect, to the highest kind of recognition of
Malenkov's standing as Stalin's heir.
While all these pros and cons are being
elaborately weighed in Washington, there
are numerous and very interesting signs
that an American overture might be wel-
come in Moscow. The famous "Hate-Amer-
ica" campaign was actually suspended, for
the first time in months, for the ten days
after Stalin's death. It has now been re-
newed. Meanwhile, however, the theme of
co-existence is being unusually strongly
stressed, as instanced by the recent and
astonishing Moscow reference to the suc-
cess of the war-time alliance of this country,
Britain and Russia.
Then too, the Soviet commander in
Germany, Gen. Chuikov, positively ex-
pressed "regret" at the death of the crew
of the British plane shot down in Ger-
many. Meetings to avoid fur-ther incidents
on the air borders have also been sug-
gested. And Malenkov himself went out
of his way, in his inaugural speech, to
declare his willingness to talk peace with
anybody, including this country.
In dealing with Russia, to be sure, most,
Westerners tend to be too much like poor
Alice Ben Bolt, who "trembled with joy
when given a smile andburst into tears Oat
a frown." Yet it is also entirely logical for
Malenkov and his colleagues in the Krem-
lin to want to ease world tensions for a
while, "'and so to gain time to find their
The Kremlin may only be preparing an-
other propaganda note of its own. But it
may also be ready to pay a solid price, such
as 9, Korean settlement, in order to gain a
breathing spell. The possibility certainly
deserves to be explored. In the present phase,
sending Charles E. Bohlen to Moscow with-
out further delay seems the most promising
To the Editor:
TO A GOOD marny people, it is
disgusting to read The Daily.
It is hard to recall an issue which
carried a decent political cartoon,
or which did not contain an il-
logical lament as regards l'affaire
The Daily cartoons have por-
trayed McCarthy as an unshaven
hoodlum, a bat, and a black wolf.
Jenner was added later. Then a
third-Velde. Rep. Jackson (Cal.)
has spoken out against Commun-
ism, and more than likely The,
Daily cartoons will add a fourth
Infiltration has been shown in
our government departments, our
labor unions, our educational in-
stitutions-why is it so difficult to
believe that Communists are at
work in our churches?
As for the Rosenberg letters, I
cite Mr. Manzo's letter on March
18 as an example. What in Mr.
Manzo's letter deserves to be print-
ed? To Mr. Manzo, the judge was
a "legal non-entity"; "unfortun-
ately" the jury was composed of
"ordinary citizens"; the appeal
judges were "improperly educat-
ed"; and members of the Supreme
Court were "legal novices." This
letter is so ridiculous .in its logic
that it strikes me as a joke--
yet Mr. Manzo's appeal for the
Rosenbergs is not consistent. My
humble apologies to Mr. Manzo
if the jocular vein (if this be the
case) did not achieve its, purpose.
It's time for the so-called"free-
thinking" Americans to wake up
to this Communistic line of at-
tack. Wake up America. In our
country, the only one who needs
to fear the law is the criminal. The
only one who needs to fear a Com-
munist investigation is the Com-
munist. No person of integrity ever
fears a character investigation, or
even resents it. He welcomes it.
--Norman R. Goulet, Grad.
* * *
'The Communist Mind'
To the Editor:
IF ANY ONE phrase can char-
acterize a certain segment of
American thinking today, the
term "hysterical mind" undoubt-
edly fits. An excellent example of
"the hysterical mind" was the ar-
ticle by Prof. Grace in Sunday's
Daily. For under normal condi-
tions Prof. Grace, I am quite sure,
would never write and the Daily
It Wasn't One Of
Carthy seem to me to present quite
This seems to reflect the typi-
cally indiscriminate type of an-
alysis of conservative Republicans
that Mr. Mossner has been noted
for in the past. Taft, by the way,
did not hesitate to put McCarthy
in his place after his disgrace-
ful charges against Bohlen.
Mr. Mossner's interpretation of
the GOP policy, concerning the
Chinese Nationalists, is totally
false. No Republican including
myself ever advocated an immed-
iate Nationalist invasion of the
mainland. The Nationalist sold-
iers are indeed insufficiently arm-
ed. This is precisely because under
the Truman-Acheson foreign pol-
icy, they were given military aid
only recently and in inadequate
amount. I still believe, however,
that a Nationalist invasion of the
mainland can be considered as a
long-range proposition, provided
that shipments of arms to For-
mosa are stepped up.
It should be pointed out that
Mr. Mossner's great idol, Adlai
Stevenson, seemed to imply what
I am advocating. He praised the
fitness of the Nationalist soldiers,
cited improvements in Chiang's re..
gime,." approved of Eisenhower's
action releasing the Nationalists
for harassing raids on the coast,
and referred to the "historic role
in the Far East" that the Nation-
alist government would some day
would never publish such eclectic
What did Prof. Grace do? He
tried to explain the so-called
'Communist Mind" by not even
discussing the theory on which it
is based. Instead he relied entirely
on the wisdom, insight and pers-
picacity of one. Richard Hooker,
who happened to live 250 years be-
fore the birth of the Communist
Manifesto. Thus, with this, one
great discovery Prof. Grace can-
didly dismissed the ideological ba-
sis of Marxism.
Yet, I am quite sure. that Prof.
Grace knows that the tremendous
growth and acceptance of Marxism
by millions of people (including
individuals even as well educated
as Prof. Grace) can not be so eas-
ily explained. For if the answer
were so simple, the tide of com-
munism would have receded long1
Prof. Grace himself admits the
error of his logic by concluding
"one argument and one argument
only is convincing. The argument,
is force." If communism has grownI
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN,
to such an extent that it can only
be fought with force, then Prof.
Grace surely owes it to his readers
t~o show why and how it has so
grown. Surely he, as a political
scientist, ought to know that it
could not have expanded unless
the objective conditions of our so-
ciety furnished fertile ground for
that expansion. Yet this he did not
It is indeed regrettable that to-
day we find college professors pub-
licly advocating the dubious philo-
sophy' that the "end justifies the
means." For the advocacy of force
is an advocacy of this philosophy.
But, perhaps, this should not be
surprising in the America of "the
McCarthy .. .
To the Editor:
MR. CONVERSE says of Sena-
tor McCarthy "They claim
people have been slandered by
him-off-hand I can't think of
one person who has been unjustly
accused." Possibly your corres-
pondent has not heard of a cer-
tain obscure individual, who dir-
ected victory in the Second World
War, and later became Secretary
of State and Secretary of Defense
-George Marshall. McCarthy's
charges of treasonable and com-
munistic sympathies against Mar-
shall were so notorious that there
was much speculation whether
Eisenhower, who admires Marshall,
could bring himself to support
McCarthy last year, in spite of the
desperate need for Republicans in
the Senate. Certainly all this re-
ceived considerable publicity for'
several months running, but pos-
sibly Mr. Converse was asleep all
Levenberg Defense .. .
To the Editor:
AM REPLYING to Mr. Moss-
ner's letter because I feel that
the false and irresponsible state-
ments that he made about Sen-
ator Taft, the Republican party
and myself cannot be ignored.
First, I am not a rabble rouser
and not a supporter of Senator
McCarthy's statements and ac-
tions. I am proud to admit, how-
ever, that I am a great admirer
Second, Mr. Mossner has shown
great audacity to bracket togeth-
er two men of such totally dis-
similar character as Taft and Mc-
Carthy. Taft is a man of the high..
est ability and stature. The foul
and reckless tactics of Joe Mc-
-Ed Levenberg, Grad.
* * * '
To the Editor:
W HRV radio station announced
that unless there was suffi-
cient response through post cards
and letters, Drew Pearson would
go off the air this week. One re-
port has it that because one of
the large movie-making compan-
ies which merged with ABC does
not like Drew Pearson's political
analysis, his contract is not being
renewed or being held on a sus-
taining basis. Please write or call
WHRV to keep Drew Pearson on
* * *
Bottom Aching ...
To the Editor:
T° S.L. candidates:
We propose that the S. L. Cin-
ema Guild show its movies in Aud-
itorium A and thus do away with
the problem of uncomfortable
--Paula Kessel, '54
--Marlene Rothenberg, '54
(Continued from Page 2)
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - President Eisenhower
confessed to visiting congressmen the
other day that he was having trouble cut-
ting the budget.
"I guess it's a lot easier to balance the
budget on the stump," blurted Ohio's
brash Congressman Wayne Hays, referring
to Eisenhower's campaign speeches on
The President's friendly grin suddenly
"I never promised either to balance the
budget or reduce taxes during the campaign,"
he said gravely. "I campaigned against
waste in government, and I told my asso-
ciates throughout the campaign that the
issue % was waste, not necessarily lower
PRESIDENT Eisenhower, like everybody
else last week, was complaining about
high taxes. Only he was more private about
it. He told an aide that the high taxes made
it almost impossible for him to make both
ends meet. Ike was especially unhappy be-
cause Congress now makes him pay taxes
on his $54,000 expense money while Presi-
dent Truman got his expense money tax-
free. Because of this change, Ike claimed
he's paying an additional $39,000 a year in
taxes. Despite all this, however, he's still
against cutting taxes until the budget is
much at home in the White House. One was
Democratic Congressman Franklin D.
Roosevelt of New York, whose father lived
there longer than any other President in
history. The other was GOP Congressman
William Harrison of Wyoming, grandson of
President William Henry Harrison.
Both, however, got a big thrill attending a
"get-acquainted" luncheon with Ike and 18
House colleagues. When Ike modestly began
asking young Roosevelt some questions about
the White House interior, remarking that
the New Yorker was a long-time occupant
in his youth, Roosevelt hastened to explain:
"Actually, I wasn't here too much when
fattier was President. I was away at school
and then went into the Navy."
Another guest at the luncheon, Demo-
cratic Congressman Harley Staggers of
West Virginia, couldn't resist getting in a
friendly rib about the way Capitol Hill
Republicans have been opposing some of
Eisenhower's legislative proposals.
"Mr. President, we're all having a grand
time at these luncheons you have been giv-
ing members of Congress," said Staggers,
impishly. "I'm sure the luncheons are con-
tributing to bipartisan understanding. If
you keep it up, you'll probably get the sup-
port of your own party in Congress.
Ike started to reply,.thought better of it,
then broke into a hearty laugh.
T'TRTRNNmWmWP airir pna mniain that v-
will speak on "The Silver-Salt Reac-
Geometry Seminar. Thurs., Mar. 26.
7 p.m., 3001 Angell Hall. Dr. R. Buchi
will continue his talk on "Gewebe and
University of Michigan Symphony Or-
chestra, Wayne Dunlap, Conductor, will
be heard in its annual spring cpncert
at 8:30 Thursday evening, Mar. 26, in
Hill Auditorium. It will open with Toc-
cata by Frescobaldi, followed by Hinde-
mith's "Mathis der Maler" Symphony.
Debussy's Le Martyre de Saint Sebas-
tien. Fragments Symphoniques, will
open the second helf of the program,
and Rimsky-Korsakoff's Russian Eas-
ter Overture will conclude it. The con-
cert will be open to the public without
Industrial Relations Club presents
Mr. Foster Shoup, Director of Training,
Kaiser-Frazer Corp., and Mr. Frank
Murray, Co-ordinator of Out-plant In-
discussing industrial relations prob-
lems and practices as applied in in-
dustry today, this evening at 7:30 p.m.
in 165 Business Administration School.
Open to the public. All interested stu-
dents rare urged to attend.
Congregational Disciples Guild. Break-
fast discussion groups on meditation
and prayer, 7 to 8 a.m. Mid-Week medi-
tation in Douglas Chapel, 5:05 to 5:30
Hillel. All student solicitors for the
U.J.A., please get your cards into Hil-
lel as soon as possible. very important
that they are turned in soon.
International Center Weekly Tea for
foreign studentsandAmerican friends
from 4:30 to 6 p.m. Miss Barbara Grant,
of the American Friends Service Com-
mittee, will be a guest and will talk to
students about the summer progran of
the American Friends Service Commit-
Modern Poetry Club Meeting at 8
p.m. at the League. Room will be post-
ed. Discussion of Dylan Thomas' poetry.
There will be recordings of Dylan Thom-
as reading the following poems: Fern
Hill, Child's Christmas in Wales, .Do
Not Go Gentle, In the White Giant's
Thigh, Ballad of the Long-Legged Bait,
Ceremony After a Fire Raid, Poem in
October, In My Craft or Sullen Art.
Anyone interested is welcome.
Christian Science Organization. Tes-
timonial meeting at 7:30, Fireside Room,
Gilbert and Sullivan. Trial by Jury
teria,dUnion. All interested studentsj
Kappa Phi. Supper in the Upper
Room will be at 5:15. Members and
pledges will not want to miss this
Xf Chapter of Pi Lambda Theta will
hold its spring Invitational Tea in the
West Conference Room, Rackham Build-
ing at 7:30 p.m.
Social Work Progress Institute, aus-
pices of the School of Social Work, its
alumni, and the Michigan State Coun-
cil, A.A.S.W., Rackham Building, Fri.,
Registration, third floor, 10:00-10:30 a.m.
Opening session, 10:30 a.m., Lecture Hall
Section meetings. I, Culture Conflict be-
tween Worker and Client in Case
Work Practice; Dr. Otto Pollak, As-
sociate Professor of Sociology, Uni-*
versity of Pennsylvania, speaker, II,
Case Work with Families Having Martial
and Parent-Child Conflicts; Dr. Flor-
ence Hollis. Professor of Social Work,
New York School of Social Work,
speaker. III, Role Relations among
Psychiatrists, Psychiatric Social Work-
ers, and Clinical Psychologists; Dr.
Alvin F. Zander, Program Director,
Research Center for Group Dynamics,
speaker, 11:00 a.m.-12:15 p.m.
Section meetings resumed, 2:00 p.m.
Coffee hour, 4:00 p.m.
Department of Astronomy. Visitors'
Night, 'Fri., Mar. 27, 8 p.m. Dr. Leo
Goldberg will speak on "The Sun, Our
Nearest Star." After the illustrated lec-
ture in 2003 Angell Hall. the Students'
Observatory on the fifth floor will be
open for telescopic observation of the
Moon and Saturn, if the sky is clear,
or for inspection of the telescopes and
planetarium, if the sky is cloudy. Chil-
dren are welcomed, but must be ac-
companied by adults.
Acolytes, the University of Michigan
philosophy club, will meet Fri., Mar.
27, at 8 p.m. in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building. Pro-
fessor Everett Nelson, Chairman of the
Department of Philosophy at Ohio State
University will read a paper entitled
"The Pre-suppositions of the Verifica-
tion Theory of Meaning," The public
Wesley Foundation. "Three For all"
Operas, Banquet, and Dance. Starting at
6:15 p.m., Social Hall, Methodist Church,
Fri., Mar. 27.
Hillel Foundation. Following Fri-
day evening services at 7:45, Dr. Val-
eria Juracsek will speak on "What
Makes for a Successful Marriage."
Motion Pictures, auspices of Univer-
sity Museums, "Crayfish," "Biography of
a Fish," "Life Along the Waterways,"
Fri., Mar. 27, 7:30 pn.m, Kellogg Audi-
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Little Man On Campus
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