THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Language Institute Puts
Emphasis on Oral Work
Reborn Saar Loo s to United Europe
By PAT ROELOFS
A e n e z e a n businessman
learned to speak English in only
eight weeks at the University.
He was one of sixty students
' who took part in one of the Eng-
lish Language Institute's acceler-
Unlike the system used to teach
most foreign languages, where
reading, writing and speaking are
usually combined in each year's
work, -the theory of the English
aguage Institute is that oral
training is the most important
meant to learning language.
THE INSTITUTE, headed by
Prof. Charles C. Fries, operates
under a three point creed based
on extensive research by linguists.
Learning a language orally is
considered the most important
(Continued from Page 1)
Individual shop agreements,
based on industry-wide models
signed by the top trade union
organs and economic ministries,
committed the workers to car-
ry out the planned increases in
labor productivity and reduc-
tions in manufacturing costs.
Workers were forced to under-
take "voluntary" obligations, were
severely fined for defective pro-
duction and were deprived of
many privileges relating to over-
time pay, paid leave and bonuses
for night shifts.
* * *
AT THE ANNUAL Congress of
the Communist Party of the So-
viet zone last July, party secre-
tary Ulbricht called for the collec-
tivization of East German agri-
culture along lines of Russian ex-
This is the culmination of a
planned program of land reform
which began with the Red ar-
my's 1945 dissolution of large
land estates and parcelling out
of small shares to win peasant
support and make farmers in-
The tactic has had precisely the
desired effect, because the land
tillers have always known the
land could never be productively
and efficiently managed when
splintered into countless small
Thus, they feel compelled, for
the sake of survival alone, to ask
for reunification, which the Com-
munists will permit only under a
system of collectivization.
Numerous privileges will be ex-
tended to those participating in
the new scheme, including a 10
percent reduction in the compul-
sory share of production given to
. the state and 25 per cent reduc-
tion of taxes for the current year.
Critic To Give
Developments in movie produc-
tion, especially three-dimensional
filming, will be discussed 'y Ar-
thur Knight, film critic !or The
Saturday Review of Lite7 ature, at
4:10 p.m. today in Auditorium C,
The talk, "The Revolution in
Hollywood," will Foal largely with
new techniques and the import-
ance of three-dimensional pictures
to the movie and television in-
Mr. Knight is visiting the Ann
Arbor area in connection with the
opening of the Detroit Music Hall.
The Detroit theater will be the first
to show three-dimensional films
without the use of special lenses
by the viewers.
phase, according to Prof. Yoo
Shen of the Institute. The first
stage of learning must be in-
tense because gaps in time de-
crease efficiency, she continued.
Last of all thedstudent is con-
stantly influenced by patterns in
his native language. Therefore,
English presents different prob-
lems to Chinese speakers than it
does to Spanish, Italian or Japan-
ese students, Prof. Shen said.
and the other languages gets
special emphasis, enabling the1
influence of a native language
to be reduced to a minimum, she
A high school education or its
equivalent is the entering prere-
quisite for Institute students. Peo-
ple of all ages and occupations
come to one of the eight week
courses which are presented each
* * *
IN ADDITION to the orthodox
requirement of 20 hours in class
per week, four hours of laboratory
and nightly activity periods are
planned. During these times stu-
dents are taught American songs,
plays and games which add to
their everyday mastery of the
Further orientation into Eng-
lish-speaking life takes place
when the students eat lunch
and dinner with their instruc-
tors, for only English may be
spoken at these meals.
Between twenty and thirty per-
sons are employed in the Institute
each semester, making it the lar-
gest English Language department
of its kind in the United States.
Other schools with' similar pro-
grams are the Universities of Illi-
nois, Indiana and Columbia.
The system of teaching English
has been so successful that every
year the State Department sends
hundreds of English teachers from
foreign countries to the University
training course, Prof. Shen said.
People from all the South Am-
erican countries, Egypt, Ceylon,
Pakistan, Germany, Indonesia and
Greece and many other countries
are studying at the Institute at
the present time.
Reports of Indian massacres,
plans for early American defenses
and journals written about the
"Northwest Territory" are now on
display in the Ohio Sesquicenten-
nial Exhibit at Clements Library.
Directions for traveling down
the Mississippi, Monongehela and
Ohio Rivers may be found in Za-
dok Cramer's "The Navigator."
Another document on exhibit
which once encouraged settlers to
homestead the Northwest Terri-
tory is a map engraved by Will
Barker, showing seven large town-
ships originally surveyed by Thom-
A featured article in the Ohio
Sesquicentennial Exhibit is "The
Capitulation," by James Foster.
This work is the first campaign
commentary written by a soldier in
the ranks, and deals with the well-
known 1812 wars in Ohio.
In one showcase is a copy of
the famous Northwest Ordinance,
the official Chillicothe convention
journal and the original Ohio con-
Prof. Emerson W. Conlon,
chairman of the aeronautical en-
gineering department, has been
reappointed to the Committee on
Aircraft Construction of the Na-
tional Advisory Committee for
The tiny Saar, politically an autonomous nation, eco-
nomically a bailiwick of France, culturally an extension of
Germany, shared the spotlight with six other nations of the
European Coal and Steel Community this month, when they'
threw their coal and steel resources into a single giant market.
The Saar has been steadily preparing for such steps'
toward Europeanization since 1945 when the remnants ofi
Saarland's contribution to Hitler's army viewed a starving,
ravaged homeland. The "indestructible" Siegfried Line had1
stretched across rolling green hills of the Saar basin and had
proved as destructible as the homes and towns surrounding it.
But from smoldering ruins a reconstructed Saarland
has arisen. There is almost full employment (as com- I
pared to a million and more unemployed in Germany)
and the hearty, sausage-eating Saarlanders and their
buxom wives enjoy one of the highest standards of living
Just as war has taken its toll, so has recovery. From the'
depths of her coal-rich mines emerge the Saarland youth and
manhood. Numb with fatigue they must face a crossfire of
national, rational and irrational truths and fiction. Threaten-
ing letters to local priests, truck loads of jeering pro-German
mercenaries and a death which Bonn newspapers were quick
to label "political murder" highlighted the recent Saar
The size of the controversy seems far out of proportion
to the actual dimensions of the Saar itself, only half the size
of Luxemburg, yet one of the most densely inhabited areas
in Europe. But the Saar's boundaries have always been a
political issue and German sentiment is loathe to give up her
former possession without a prolonged squabble.
Bombarded by intimidating pro-German unity propa,
ganda, the Saarland's 960,000 inhabitants who speak, think,
eat and dress German recently voted approval of their autono-
mous status quo with the hope that the Schuman Plan High
Authority might be set up in the Saar and Saarbrucken be
transformed into the first capital of a United Europe.
Gayle Greene, '55, member of The Daily editorial staff
visited Saarbrucken for the ten days preceding the area's,
recent elections and collected the pictures below. The first
in a series of articles on the Saar will appear on tomorrow's
* * *
V-E DAY DAWNED ON A DEVAST ATED, BOMB SCARRED SAARLAND
MAIMED, CRIPPLED MEN MEANT BOYS MUST WORK MINES
AND PRODUCE THE STEEL THAT BRINGS RECOVERY
CONFUSION AND .. .
PROPAGANDA, BLASTING DREAMED-OF EUROPEANIZATION
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