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VOL. LXII, No. 148
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1953
Oil Strike Spreading,
More Shortages Near
By The Associated Press
DENVER-(P)-Effects of a na-
tion-wide oil strike began mush-
rooming last night as more key
negotiations bogged down and
plant shutdowns spread.
Deputy Administrator Bruce K.
Brown of the Petroleum Adminis-
tration for Defense said an order
will be issued next week to limit
:ying in general. He said the
strike has put the already tight
supply of aviation gasoline "in a
precarious position." Bruce esti-
mated walkouts have cut that type
of production by 35 per cent.
* * *
DWINDLING gasoline supplies
in Detroit were cut still further as
pipelines serving three unstruck
firms were shut off by striking
members of the oil workers union.
Industry spokesmen estimated
tonight that the supply of 70
per cent of Detroit's filling sta-
tions had been shut off.
Some airlines were reported to
have been caught with less than 30
hours .supply of aviation gasoline
on hand. A spokesman for the Air
Transport Association said that
most of the lines are "moving
heaven and earth" in order to
build up and eke out their sup-
WHILE little more than a third
of the nation's refineries are af-
fected, they include the big cata-
lytic units that make aviation
And in Washington, the Air
Force said it has issued orders
cutting down on flying activity
outside the Korean theater be-
cause of the oil industry strike.
Additional picket lines went up
as members of 22 -AFL, indepen-
dent and CIO oil workers' unions
began tightening their grip on the
industry in support of demands
for wage increases.
* * *
0. A. KNIGHT, president of the
powerful Oil Workers Internation-
al Union (CIO), promised coopera-
tion "in every way possible" to
see that public and emergency
needs are met during the strike.
The strike threatened to spread
to California, now exempted by
the unions to furnish Korean war
supplies. Charles Arminl, District
Director of OWIU, said in San
Francisco that "we are not going
to allow a strike of long duration
across the country if a strike in
California will settle it."
WASHINGTON - (P) - A water-drinking Congressman from
New York State denied yesterday that he had even said fellow
members of the house "were drunkards."
And Rep. Edwin A. Hall, a Republican, accused some of his
colleagues of having ganged up on him yesterday in "one ofthe
most cowardly attacks on the House floor in history."
Hall, who neither drinks intoxicants nor smokes, was taken to
task severely in the House because of published reports that he
told his constituents he resents Congressmen "who get genuinely
plastered" at Washington cocktail parties.
These and other remarks about tippling legislators led to talk
of a resolution of censure against Hall for having reflected on the
reputation of the House.
Truman Blasts 'Tactics
Of 'Polical Gangsters'
WASHINGTON-(o)-President Truman declared last night that
"political gangsters" are trying to pervert the Government's loyalty
program into "an instrument of intimidation and blackmail" as part
of an unscrupulous campaign to sneak themselves into power "by the
Truman said also that his political opposition-"growing frantic,"
he said, as election day approaches-is filling the air with "downright
lies" about corruption in his administraton.
* * * *4
"THESE TACTICS contain the seeds of tyranny," the President
e said in a fiery speech prepared for
the National Civil Service League
and the Society for Personnel Ad-
tate P ison ministration.
the scrutiny of two investigations,
Southern Michigan Prison moved
closer to its normal pattern yes-
But her guards, still shaken by
the prisoners' four-day mutiny,
put on more pressure for protec-
A three-man fact-finding panel
appointed by Governor Williams
began its study of the revolt that
caused damage estimated from
$1,250,000 to $2,500,000 at the
In addition, an independent
study was being pushed by Michi-
gan Attorney General Frank Mil-
lard. His office has announced it
will prosecute any prisoners found
guilty of breaking state law during
Activity at the 6,500-man pris-
on was slowly being restored to
pre-riot routine. Warden Julian
Frisbie said limited recreation
privileges would be restored to
inmates in the north group of
"Troublemakers" in the south-
ern blocks were being isolated, the
warden said ,with a view to re-
storing eventually some of the
"Can we be sure that people
who employ such tactics are
really loyal to our form of gov-
ernment, with its Bill of Rights
and its tradition of individual
"I believe such men betray our
country and all it stands for," the
President went on. "I believe they
are as grave a menace as the Com-
Truman named no names, but
similar remarks of his in the past
have been aimed directly at Sen.
McCarthy (R-Wis) and others in
Congress who have charged the
Truman and Roosevelt adminis-
trations with harboring Commun-
The President also let fly at the
many Republicans who have char-
ged there is widespread corrup-
tion among Government officials.
By The Associated Press
DETROIT-Some 7,000 Chrys-
ler Corporation employes here
yesterday were sent home follow-
ing the protest walkout of 75 work-
ers in the Jefferson Frame As-
Company officials said the 75
frame workers protested the firing
of an employee this morning for
failure to perform his job.
WASHINGTON - Lt. Verne
Goodwin, under court martial
sentence for refusal to fly, has
been offered a chance to resign
from the Air Force "for the
good of the service," his father-
in-law said last night.
PEARL HARBOR - The Navy
decided yesterday to convene a
special court-martial to try mil-
lionnaire seaman Bruce S. Hop-
ping on charges of criticizing Navy
Hopping was a leader among
crewmen who complained of "petty
tyranny" on the salvage ship Re-
claimer. A Navy board exonerated
the two top officers of the ship.
Dean Will Notify
Secret verdicts were arrived at
yesterday afternoon by the Uni-
versity Sub-committee on Disci-
pline for 15 students charged with
attending the celebrated McPhaul
Indications were that lenient de-
cisions were made in most cases,
but no official word was forthcom-
ing. Dean of Students Erich A.
Walter said all the defendants
would know of their fate by late
REPORTERS from The Daily,
sole newspaper to cover the ex-
plosive March 6 Union dinner
which honored banned speaker
and alleged subversive Arthur Mc-
Phaul, were barred from entering
the Administration Bldg. late last
Dean Walter told newsmen
through locked glass doors that
the Sub-committee's final deci-
sion on individual recommenda-
tions of the Joint Judiciary
Council could not be made pub-
lic until after the charged stu-
dents had been officially noti-
The disciplinary group took less
than three hours to arrive at the
final verdict. Members of the Sub-
committee and the Judiciary had
no statement to make after the
The students are charged with
breaking a Regents' by-law re-
Ideas for the "Hatcher Con-
vocation" to be held on Mon-
day at Hill Auditorium may
be mailed to Student Legisla-
ture Bldg. at 122 S. Forest.
President Harlan H. Hatcher
will talk to the students about
his educational philosophies and
his plans for the University.
garding use of University prop-
erty through their presence at the
ficticiously booked dinner.
McPhau, executive secretary of
the Civil Rights Congress' Michi-
gan branch, addressed the banquet
three days after being barred from
speaking on campus. His original
appearance was to have been spon-
sored by campus Young Progres-
sives. YP officers have disclaimed
any connection with arrangements
for the dinner.
BONN, Germany-()-Gen. Eis-
enhower and Chancellor Adenauer
talked yesterday of a brighter fu-
ture for Europe even as Allied ne-
gotiators told the Germans there
would be no further concessions to
get German aid for Western de-
Plans to add 400,000 German
troops to Western armed forces
are endangered by a dispute with-
in Adenauer's three-party govern-
metn over the terms offered by the
allies in a peace contract now
But allied authorities said yes-
terday they have gone as far as
they can to get German coopera-
POLIO VICTIM-Mrs. Nick Wehner, of Gladstone, North Dakota,
is given her dinner shortly after arriving at the University Hospital
respiratory center. Her nurse, Miss Darlene Swenson, of Bismarck,
accompanied her on the plane.
~* a. * *
Plane Flies Polio Victim
To 'U' Hospital for Aid
By JOYCE FICKIES
A smiling, "iron lung" polio victim was rushed by plane yesterday
from Bismarck, N. D. to the University Hospital polio center.-,
The critically ill patient, Mrs. Nick Wehner,.+29 years old, of
Gladstone, N. D., was flown to Ann Arbor for treatment at the hos-
pital respiratory center.
* . * *
THE CENTER, one of five in the country and the closest to Bis-
marck, provides special treatment for the crippling disease.
It was established "in an attempt to collect in one place all
the specialized services necessary to rehabilitate severe cases of
Court of Appeals said today "there
is at least a serious question as to
the correctness" of a district
judge's ruling that President Tru-
man's seizure of the steel indus-
try was illegal.
The five-man majority of the
court made that statement short-
ly after the steel firns and th
Government, at odds on just
about everything else, joined in
urging a, speedy review by the Su-
preme Court of the seizure deci-
sion by Judge David A. Pine.
* * *
U.S. Steel Waits
Normal Production Expected Soo
Despite Lack of Wage Settlement
By The Associated Press
CIO United Steelworkers began going back to work yester
after a three-day strike was called off at the request of Presid
Truman but many of the 650,000 workers may not be back on
payroll for several days.
U.S. Steel Corp., bellwether of the industry which employs ab
160,000 basic steel workers and produces a third of the nations st
began calling back maintenance men but said it needed "some re
onable assurance" that continuous production can be maintaii
" before it would go into full fora
* * *
DETROIT-Great Lakes Ste
Corp. declined yesterday to acce:
the return of its 11,000 worker
bringing talk from the union
future "rough going."
The CIO steelworkers here al-
so charged the company with
Great Lakes, largest of the D
troit area steel mills, said it cou
not operate on a "day to day basi
and demanded "more assurance
as to 'conditions."
t A half dozen steel plants in t:
Detroit area employ a total
MUNSAN, Korea, Satur.day, May
3-(P)-The full Allied and Coin-
munist truce delegations talked
for 24 minutes today in a "cooly
impersonal" atmosphere but failed
to reach any agreement on the
Allied compromise proposal for a'
Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, chief
Allied delegate, said after the
j meeting that he could make no
commn ', * ,*
AN ALLIED spokesman said the
chief Red delegate, North Korean
Gen. Nam II, read a prepared
statement and that Joy responded
briefly. Then Joy proposed ad-
journment and Nam agreed. They
agreed to convene again today.
It appeared possible earlier
that the Communists had come
up with some kind of counter
In Seoul, two U.S. destroyers
slugged it out with Red shore guns
Wednesday in Wonsan harbor in
what the Navy today said was the
longest such duel of the Korean
war. Both destroyers were hit but
damage was slight.
The Wonsan battle began when
the destroyer Maddox and Laffey
steamed into that besieged East
coast harbor and began bombard-
ing beach targets. Their five-inch
guns blew up a large supply area.
Polio," according to Dr. David
G. Dickinson, hospital research
associate in pediatrics and com-
Mrs. Wehner was transported
from Bismarck to the Willow Run
airport by a North Dakota Nation-
al Guard airplane. At the air-
port, a University truck, equipped
with a generator to run the pa-
tient's respirator or "iron lung,"!
carried her on the last lap of her
Because of the difficulty in
transferring an "iron lung" to and
from a plane, she was put into a
different one for each part of the
trip. Mrs. Wehner was in three
different "iron lungs" during the
* * *
THE "CHEERFUL and coopera-
tive" patient is the victim of both
bulbar and spinal polio. She has
been confined to a respirator since
she was stricken in August, 1951.
The woman has shown "good
improvement," according to Dr.
R. J. Strobel, one of Mrs. Weh-
ner's physicians who accompan-
ied her on the plane from Bis-
marck. When she first became
ill, it was necessary to feed her
by means of a stomach tube, be-
cause she was not able to talk
or swallow, he said. Now, how-
ever, she can do both.
Her trip was delayed for several
weeks because the North Dakota
emergency plane was being used
to help during the midwest floods.
Both Dr. Strobel and Dr. Dick-
inson praised the National Foun-
dation for Infantile Paralysis who
supervised the trip. The Founda-
tion is paying for Mrs. Wehner's
expenses in North Dakota and
Ann Arbor. It has also provided
much of the expensive equipment
for the respiratory center.
..WHILE AGREEING the vital
nature of the case calls for early
action by the highest court, they
disagreed diametrically on ' the
correctness of Judge Pine's deci-
sion. The judge ordered the steel
mills returned to their private
owners, but the effect of his or-
der was stayed by the appeals
court, 5 to 4.
Besides asking the Supreme
Court to overturn Judge Pine's
decision, the Government in
another brief told the Court
that if it bars the Government
from giving steel workers a
wage raise, there is danger of
a new strike.
The companies had asked the
court to freeze wages while it con-
siders the case, but the Govern-
ment said in reply that any change
in the present status - which
leaves the Government free to
hike wages - "would probably re-
sult in a new crisis, with danger of
still another work interruption."
The CIO steel workers union
also opposed a ban on wage
changes. In a brief it filed, it said
that if the Government keeps the
mills but can't raise wages, the
union would "have no employer
with which it can bargain and
would be left, in short, in the mid-
dle and holding the bag."
Ikne In Popular
ALONG WITH the CIO's ste
workers of the rest of the natio
all the Detroit area union men
bers were ordered back to work 1
Great Lakes took its stani
within the same hour that CI(
President Philip 1Murray callei
off the national strike.
Philip Murray, veteran ,C
president and head of the Stee
workers Union, flashed the greE
light to his men to return to woi
when he bowed to the Truman n
quest. Within a few hour's tli1
sands of maintenance men e041
for the mills to go through tl
long process of getting furnac
In many cases, it will be
hours before the mills are reai
fralthe men-in others po
f4-,, n .
;±uy p h::wei"
Future College Students
Given Snappy 'U' Tour
By ERIC VETTER
"Which way is the Arb?" "Can I keep a car here?" and "what is
the boy-girl ratio on campus?" were some of the questions more
than 630 high school students asked their guides during the annual
University Day yesterday.
Designed to acquaint the visiting-students from Michigan and
Ohip with the facilities and wonders of the University, the day was
packed with talks, tours and general information about the campus.
*' * * *
BEGINNING THE DAY were addresses by President Harlan
Hatcher, Dean Walter Rea and others at Rackham Auditorium. Next
ONE IMMEDIATE good was seen
in New York. There the end of
the steel strike and the start of
negotiations for a final peace in
the industry brought on the big-
gest advance in the stock market
yesterday in more than five years.
Just a few hoursdafter Mur-
ray's order filtered down to the
local level pickets began rip-
ping up their signs.
* * s
REACTION of workers to the
strike end was mixed.
At some plant gates jubilant
strikers cheered. At others, there
was some bitterness at lack of a
settlement, disgust at the "on
again--offagain" nature of the
walkout and jeers at employers.
The walkout which started Tues-
day night ended in the same at-
mosphere of confusion which
marked its beginning.
NEWSMEN were waiting out-
side Murray's office for his ans-
wer to President Truman's appeal,
that the strike be ended.
Murray's aide distributed cop-
ies of messages sent by Murray
to union officers and to the Pres-
ident. The aide said Murray had
left for Washington and a White
House conference today with
Truman and six steel company
presidents on the steel wage-
But reporters buttonholed Mur-
ray at the office door a moment
later on his way out. He said the
union will insist on the 26-cent
hourly pay boost and the union
shop recommended by the Wage
By Sunday night, a respectable
tonnage is likely to be pouring out
of the nation's steel mills.
my's Chief of Staff disclosed yes-
terday that foreign commitments
the students were given a dose of'
Michigan tradition with songs by
the University Glee Club and
cheers by the Michigan cheer
Then in the proper frame of
mind, the somewhat bewildered
visitors were counted off into
groups of 12 as they left the Au-
ditorium and turned loose under
the supervision of guides.
The males and females were
placed in separate groups. Offi-
cials pointed out that the main
VIOLINIST, SINGERS FEATURED:
Two Concerts To Be Given Today
WO R erS e1Vn * *
By The Associated Press
Sen. Robert A. Taft took the
lead over Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower yesterday in popular votes
tallied so far in eight state pri-
maries, while Eisenhower had an
edge in the race for delegates to
the Republican National Conven-
The new developments marked
a complete switch for the two
front-running candidates for the
GOP presidential nomination.
Previously, Taft had led in dele-
gates, Eisenhower in popular votes.
BELATED FINAL retur s from
the April 8 Illinois primary put
Taft out in front in the so-called
state "popularity" contests, 1,897,-
044 to 1,850,718-a margin of 46,-
In the eight elections, Taft
and Eisenhower each figured as
write-in candidates four times.
Taft's name was on the ballot
four times, Eisenhower's. three.
Eisenhower was not entered in
Wisconsin and write-ins were
Physics Building and the Union,
the students were given meals in
the South Quad and Stockwell.
Several Quad residents, expect-
ing a better than average Friday
noon meal, complained that the
tuna fish was the same as ever.
In the residence halls, requests
by the visitors to visit friends took
their toll on the group's ranks.
Several guides reported that des-
pite their efforts to keep the men,
together their charges managed toj
* * *
A double header is slated for today's May Festival schedule with< >
a 2:30 p.m. performance by violinist Nathan Milstein and the Festival
Youth Chorus, and an 8:30 Wagner program by soprano Astrid Varnay
and tenor Set Svanholm.
Featured on tonight's concert will be the singing of two scenes
from Wagner's operas "Die Walkure" and "Tristan and Isolde" by
Metropolitan opera stars Miss'Varnay and Svanholm.
TENOR SVANHOLM began his early career with several seasons
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