THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, MARCH 22,
_______________________________ S __________________________________ U N _____________________________________________________ a
OCCASIONALLY, you meet up with
something so outrageous that you are
struck dumb in the face of it.
Thursday night's revel is an excellent
example. It defies flippant treatment, at
the same time making moral condemna-
tion seem stupid by its very obviousness.
It is the sort of happening that makes
one turn to-the psychologists and sociolo-
gists for explanations, for anything to
slide the whole matter off into the realm
of impersonal science.'
Somehow, though, it isn't as easy as
all that. We are left with the conflict-
ing pictures of a night of rioting, the
earlier, funny stages slowly changing as
the night went on into unpleasant dem-
onstrations of near-viciousness, pic-
tures of supposedly mature students
acting as something worse.than chil-
Coalesced, these impressions leave one
hard core: the University of Michigan
can no longer boast of an entirely res-
ponsible, intelligent student body. This
fact will be planted solidly in the backs
of thousands of minds: of parents, Re-
gents, faculty-and all those others who
will hear of the incident and wonder why
it happened. The result? It will be quite
a while before students can again hon-
estly ask for responsibility, or to criticize
parallel juvenility without hypocrisy.
BY ESTABLISHING A department of re-
ligion the University would be correct-
ing a major deficiency in its program.
Religion touches our lives every day in
some form; we could not get away from
it if we tried. Therefore, it seems illogical
that so widespread a subject should be so
neglected at one of the country's leading
Yet Michigan lags far behind many col-
leges in this field.
There is no course the student can take
to gain a better understanding of his faith.
There is no means by which the student can
get an idea of the bases of other religions.
Local church classes fail to supply the
need for objective instruction in the bases
of religion. The one-sided view presented
In such a class where everyone is of the
same faith tends to drive the outsider
away. He is hesitant to take instruction
with the church members merely to learn
about that particular faith.
A classroom approach could effectively
solve this problem. The classroom course
would be taught from a more objective point
of view because of the mixed beliefs of the
students. There would be a more unrestrain-
ed exchange of opinion and a feeling of be-
ing in an unprejudiced, free-thinking group
which would not be present in the church
Instituting such a selection of courses
would necessitate some kind of a credit
program. Many students would be pre-
vented from taking the courses by a lack
of time, unless they could gain scholas-
tically. This could be easily accomplished
by giving distribution credit for a religious
course much as credit is given for philoso.
phy, or by allowing it to be used as a cog-
nate to various programs in the field of
University officials should consider a de-
partment of religion. Itf would correct a
basic inconsistency and coordinate the cur-
riculum more fully with the student's life.
ALTHOUGH DIEGO RIVERA is a com-
munist, his work should not be con-
fiscated for the supposed welfare of the pub-
The Mexican government made its mis-
takes with Rivera by attempting to sup-
press his commissioned work and succeed-
ed, only in creating a loud controversy.
But in the meantime Detroit must fol-
Councilman and ex-mayor Eugene I. Ant-
werp, who admits that "I do not like mo-
dern art-I cannot understand it," intro-
duced a resolution in Detroit's Common
Council to take down Rivera's murals in tlhe
Detroit Art Institute.
Antwerp also admits that he doesn't know
what communist symbolism is or how to
look for it and yet claims that Rivera's mur-
al is full of communist symbolism. For fear
of exposing an alien thought to the very
democratic city of Detroit he advocates sa-
crificing a fine work of art.
This is not the way to prove Rivera's
theories are wrong. Suppression never
proved an idea wrong yet. Every idea, par-
ticularly one as powerfully expressed as
Rivera's, has a right to be heard and seen.
In a country that claims to stand for
freedom of speech, freedom of the press--
freedom of thought, this incident is deplor-
able. Our next step will be the burning of
Karl Marx's books.
New Books at the Library ...
Bolles, Blair-How to Get Rich in Wash-
ington. New York, W. W. Norton & Co.,
LAST WEEK, THE Interfraternity Council
approved a plan permitting men to rush
and pledge for the entire semester (with the
exception of a two week "dedd period" di-
rectly after formal rushing).
Three weeks ago, IFC passed a rule
waiving the minimum scholastic require-
ments for rushing and pledging.
These two measures will increase the num-
ber of men rushing and give the fraternities
larger pledge classes.
It is obvious that there is a shortage of
neophytes. This is partly a result of certain
attitudes on the part of a few members of
the system. Another factor is the Korean
War. Undoubtedly there are students who do
not wish to pledge because of the possibility
The fraternities are being squeezed. Un-
less there are enough members in house
groups, living costs rise to prohibitive
amounts. But the attempt to alleviate the
situation by lengthening rushing and
dropping standards can easily result in
the following evils, as the fraternities
(1) The smaller houses feel that the large
fraternities will have an unfair advantage
in this rushing period because of their size.
They would be able t'o contact more men
more often. However, it is possible that they
wouldn't need to as much as the small ones.
2) House activities would have to be drop-
ped or curtailed because of the constant
rushing. This would defeat one of the pri-
mary purposes of a fraternity.
3)Most important, from the rushees
point of view, would be the constant har-
assment all semester. With no contact
limitations, those considered highly de--
sirable would be subjected to continual
pressure and eternal salesmanship. As a
result, many would undoubtedly join, in-
.fluenced by pretty words, not reason.
The system can pull itself out of the hole
only by making fraternity life more attrac-
tive. Unless the plan is changed, fraternity
life will become even less attractive, pushing
the system deeper into trouble. Such a re-
sult would be detrimental both to the fra-
ternities and to the campus.
WASHINGTON-President Truman's urge
for self-expression and self-justifica-
tion is now amply on view in the William
Hillman book, "Mr. President."
It must have agreeably surprised Mr.
Hilman when he uncovered it early in
his negotiations with the President. It
has transformed what would have been
just another tIcture book about the White
House into a controversial historical do-
cument that certainly should be a best
Whose fault is it that Mr. Truman was
so dissatisfied with the portrait of him af-
forded by the various channels of public
information during his presidency?
There is at least one opinion that it is
largely his own fault for tolerating the sus-
picious mediocrity of the Truman staff. In
this respect, among others, the President
has been badly served throughout his ten-
ure both by his press office and by other
They did more than keep him from an
easy informality, if not intimacy, with the
great numbers of writers and commenta-
tors with whom it is not too difficult in
Washington to develop mutually helpful
friendships of convenience. Most of the
Truman circle-with some honorable ex-
ceptions--have been belittlers and what
the Irish call "ferninsters."
No critic was ever met halfway nor any
attempt made to disarm him. Information
tending to show the President in a more
favorable light than the first heat of con-
troversy indicated has had to be' dug out of
the White House with a bulldozer.
The President complains in his book that
editors throw mud all year and then think
they should be hugged and kissed when they
make one favorable statement. The answer
to that is: look who's talking.
Mr. Truman feels aggrieved at much that
has been written about him and his af-
fairs. Yet efforts to clear the record have
had to come from the enterprise of indi-
vidual reporters who usually, were snub-
bed for their pains at the White House.
And when they succeeded, anyway. Mr.
Truman's reaction was that for once of
course they were right.
The same aides who have insulated the
President and iced his relations with many
reporters possess no talent of their own for
building up their chief's public relations.
They are apparently afraid to make friends
among the press in any number; they have
no imagination and no humor with which to
create a Truman legend.
The sad part is that they have had a lot
to work with in the Harry Truman disclosed
in the informal memoranda and letters of.
"Mr. President." There are wry spots in the
new volume for which the currently most
famous Missourian need not apologize to
another writing Missourian, Mark Twain.
Mr. Truman's first press secretary, the
late Charles Ross, was an old friend and
completely loyal to his boss but he was
y.nvnno frm +.haar rvno Un npwn ,
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON - A sullen surface calm
now reigns in Egypt. The same sort of
calm reigned in Iran a little more than a
year ago, before the assassination of then
Premier Razmara sparked the crisis which
still threatens the whole Middle East. And
the parallel is a deadly one. For another
explosion of the most dangerous kind is sure
to come soon in Egypt, in the view of the
most experienced observers, unless the curi-
ous, lethargic paralysis which has afflicted
Western policy in the Middle East ever since
the war can somehow be shaken off.
King Farouk of Egypt is capable of act-
ing with decision, as he proved when he
courageously dismissed the corrupt, fan-
atic-ridden government of Premier Na-
has Pasha during the bloody rioting last
January. Yet now the King is frightened,
and he has reason to be.
For the first time, the powerful Wafd
party of Nahas Pasha has become openly
anti-royalist. Farouk and his able, honest
new Premier, Hilaly Pasha, are being lump-
ed together with the British as the enemies
of Egypt. If the Wafd, the only organized
political party in Egypt, again takes power,
Farouk is doomed. So, for that matter, is
any chance of reaching a reasonable agree-
ment between Egypt and the West. There is
just one way by which the ground can be
cut out from under the Wafd, and that is by
at least reasonably successful negotiation
between the new Egyptian government and
"The crucial moment will come," one of
these reporters wrote from Cairo last au-
tumn, "when the present government (of
Nahas Pasha), discredited by its own im-
potence, can safely- be replaced by King
Farouk. Any new government will be quite
literally the last chance for the West.
THE CRUCIAL moment has come, and the
government of Hilaly Pasha is almost
certainly "the last chance for the West."
If it is ever to be possible to reach any sort
of rational agreement with the Egyptians, it
should be possible now, when moderate and
reasonable men, at least by Middle Eastern
standards, control the Egyptian government.
Yet nothing is done.
There are various reasons why nothing
is done. Farouk, fearful of the reaction of
his Wafdist enemies, fears to permit Hi-
laly to enter into negotiations. Sir Ralph
Stephenson, British Ambassador in Cairo,
and his able American opposite number,
Jefferson Caffery, have been urging that
the British nevertheless take the initiative.
But the British commander on the spot,
Gen. Sir John Erskine, inclines to the
simple military solution; before Farouk
dismissed Nahas, Erskine had detailed
plans for occupying Alexandria and Cairo
If Farouk failed to act.
Aside from its explosive political implica-
tions, the trouble with this sort of simple
solution is that the British themselves have
estimated that it would require a permanent
garrison of between 60,000 and 70,000 Bri-
tish troops to occupy all Egypt. This would
knock the planned British contribution into
a cocked hat. Even so, the Pentagon rather
inclines to the Erskine view.
* * *
THE BRITISH Foreign Office, moreover, is
under; extreme pressure from the Con-
servative party's own back-benchers to
"stand firm" against the Egyptians. And the
Foreign Office is inclined to hope that
somehow Farouk and Hilaly ?asha can keep
the Wafd under control by using the "cor-
ruption issue" against it Since corruption
is the normal state of affairs in the Egyp-
tian government, and always has been, this
seems a forlorn hope. As for the State De-
partment, it suffers as usual from divided
counsel. The European division would like
simply to "leave it up to the British," while
the Middle East experts generally agree with
Stephenson and Caffery that something
must be done if disaster is to be avoided.
The question remains, of course, wheth-
er it is possible to reach rational agree-
ment even with the government of Far-
ouk and Hilaly. Some sort of Western in-
fluence and Western power must be main-
tained in Egypt and the Middle Eastsgen-
erally. But Egyptian adherence to the Mid-
dle East Defense Command automatically
ensures the availability of the Western
alliance of bases in Egypt. And, as Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden has more than
implied, Western strength in the Middle
East need not necessarily take the form of
tens of thousands of British troops per-
manently stationed on Egyptian soil.
It may indeed be impossible to negotiate
reasonably even with the present moderale
Egyptian government. It will not be easy
under any circumstances. But surely it is
worth a serious try. A little foresight, com-
bined with a sense of timing and a feeling
for the realities of the situation, might
rather easily have prevented the Iranian
crisis. A worse Egyptian crisis may still be
averted in the san way, although with
much difficulty. But it is already very late.
(Copyright, 1952, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
In every democracy, old and new, there is
this conflict between executive and legisla-
tive power, embittered now because while
the executive sees the need for trying new
paths in international organization, parlia-
ments and political parties are inclined to
"You Mean These Aren't Enough?"
Xette/'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Mii'lllr WNlNpdNiN "1 YM
WASHINGTON-Politics wasn't mentioned during the backstage
debate on bringing General Eisenhower home, but -it hung over
almost every word of the discussion. Except with a handful of senators,
the real question-the security of Europe-was lost sight. of.
Here is the background story of the debate over bringing
Ike back from Paris.
Well before the New Hanipshire primary, President Truman sent
word to Eisenhower through Averell Harriman, inviting him back to
Washington to testify on aid to Europe. This was at a time when Eisen-I
hower supporters were wringing their hands over the danger of his
defeat and privately urging Ike to come'home. Truman's plan to
bring Ike home, therefore, dovetailed right into the plans of Senators
Lodge and Duff and Governor Dewey. Until New Hampshire, they were
strong for it.
But suddenly, after Ike's victory in New Hampshire, they had
a change of heart. Suddenly they figured their man could win
without coming back to the U.S.A. Suddenly also they decided that
the risk of having Ike testify on the controversial question of foreign
aid was such that he should remain in Paris.
That was why Senator Lodge, the Eisenhower campaign manager.,
voted by proxy in the foreign relations committee to keep Ike in Paris;
also why Smith of New Jersey, an Eisenhower Republican, did likewise.
** * *
GEORGE SAYS NO
No MATTER WHAT you think of Harry Truman, however, in this
case involving the all-important questioni of foreign policy, he
played the game straight. Truman's main idea is to get foreign aid
I Having already invited Eisenhower to come home and testify,
he assumed this would be done. So also did the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, who, until last weekend, were making plans for Ike's arrival.
However, some White House advisers thought it would be more
diplomatic to have the two congressional committees which must pass
on foreign aid extend the official invitation to Eisenhower rather than
have the President "order" him back.
So Senator McMahon of Connecticut, one of the ablest administra-
tion leaders in the Senate, picked up the ball and demanded that the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, of which he is a member, ex-
tend the invitation.
When the vote came up in a closed-door session, however, politics
obviously dominated the debate.
Senator George of Geargia led the drive to block Ike's return,
probably because George, is strongly in favor of cutting the
mutual-security funds; also, though a Democrat, friends say that
he leans toward Taft for President. Though George cooperates
with his Georgia colleague, Senato Russell, there never has been
too much love lost between them.
Significantly, both groups of Republicans were against having
Ike return. The pro-Taft Republicans feared Ike might make political
hay by winning over the congressional committee; while the pro-
Eisenhower Republicans figured there was no use taking the chance of
having their man get mixed up in the foreign-aid controversy.
FRANK REPORTS ON ARGENTINA.
THE SURPRISING PROMOTION of Manhattan businessman Ells-
worth P. Bunker from his first diplomatic assignment as Am-
bassador in Buenos Aires to envoy in Rome is due to the fact that
Bunker sent more real facts home from Argentina than did his three
predecessors put together.
Thanks to the Ambassador's very plain talking in confidential
reports, not only to the State Department but also to N.Y. business
and banking groups of which he is a member, U.S. government and
commercial circles now seem to understand just what Juan Peron's
regime stands for.
Despite everything that has happened during the six years of the
glib Gaucho's dictatorship-ruthless suppression of civil rights and
freedom of the press, plus totalitarian economic policies-most people
in Washington's foggy bottom and on Wall Street have kept on behav-
ing as if Peron was really a "right guy" who just acted tough for home
Ambassadors George Messersmith and Stanton Griffis all helped
keep that myth alive by leaning over backward to be cordial to the
Peron, and acting like Juan and Evita's paid press agents every time
they returned home on leave.
Most important, those envoys said nothing in t eir confiden-
tial reports to temper or modify that public attitude. Even when
writing only for their chiefs' eyes, they hewed to the line that the
Argentine tyrant was really a sheep in wolf's clothing and could
be usefully cultivated by pats on the back andfat financial hand-
The climactic result of this wild theory was the $125,000,000 in
cash and credits-largest single postwar grant to any Latin-American
country-which Peron received through the Export-Import bank and
a group of private financiers in 1950.
Fantastically enough, 70 per cent of that loan was earmarked for
repayment of sums confisacted by the Argentine government from U.S.
business firms during the previous four years. Even so, it was seriously
approved as a "sound" investment.
-What that term meant was that the loan's sponsors believed
it would make Peron more tractable and easy to do business with,
but it hasn't. And, during the past 10 months, the State Depart-
ment has been getting plenty of evidence on that score from Am-
To the Editor:
E: "Muscovite Michigan"
printed in Wed. March 19, 1952
I very much resent the use of
my name in your editorial by you
and by one "Fulton Lewis, Jr." I
feel that this is libelous and de-
famatory of my character. The
statements made about me are
false and I am willing to sign
affidavits, oaths, pledges, protesta-
tions, peace treaties and even
appear before the Un-American
Committee (with or without tel-
evision), and I hereby disaffirm
Miss Hendleman's and Mr. Lewis'
"The ripest example (of Red
activities at universities) at the
moment, is at the University of
Michigan, where Muscovite stooges
are concentrating on the student
body with a barrage of Kremlin-
In the first place, I am not
"Red" nor are any of the fellows
with whom I may trayel.
Secondly, I am under the im-
pression that a Daily policy is not
to mention color.
Thirdly, my friends and anyone
with whom I may travel resent
being called "stooges".
Fourthly, I am not "concentrat-
ing on the student body", my
academic field of concentration
is philosophy and my social con-
centration is on female type stu-
Lastly but not leastly, I don't
care for baloney, nor for very
many other types of sausage or
similiarly stuffed objects.
To the Editor:
WE OF THE central committee
for the local United Jewish
Appeal campaign want to take this
opportunity to thank the Daily
and the many individuals who are
at present cooperating with us
either by publicizing or by solicit-
ing for the drive.
The success of the two week
fund raising campaign now under-
way on the campus and through-
out the country is of vital impor-
tance. Some of the funds raised
will go toward putting new immi-
grants to this country "on their
feet" and starting them on their
way to becomning loyal' and ambi-
tious contributors to the American
Way of Life. Another large por-
tion of the contributions will go
to the young State of Israel where
a successful but still uncompleted
effort is being made to help the
newcomers settle down and be-
come useful and productive citi-
zens. Their appreciation of the
marvelous support which they are
receiving from the people of the
United States will go a long way
toward the assurance that the
people of Israel can be depended
upon to remain a friendly bulwark
of democracy ,in the vital Middle
These are a few of the reasons
why we so appreciate the coopera-
tion which is being given the
drive; and why, by the same token,
we urge all those who agree with
us about its worthwhileness to con-
tribute toward its success.
the central committee
To the Editor:
PLEAS4 ANNOUNCE that the
Neafus Club now has a recent-
ly added sub-chapter-The SFT-
BUAKDSMFPMR (or The Society
for the Building UP and Knocking
Down of Straw Men xor the Pres-
ervation of Minority Itight& .
"Genocide" is the current straw
We must admit the racial preju-
dice in this country, the fact that
it needs abolishment; we have
made great progress in the last 15
years with a row of Supreme Court
decisions hitting at segregation .
and other inequalities.
In fact w have made so, much
progress that the Communists in
the country have become alarmed;
they are losing' one of their is-
sues- so they determined to keep
In short, the ward has come to
the Communist Cells in the US-
"Fan race prejudice - keep it
alive; then when you stir it up,
rise up in seeming wrath."
Of course in most cases differ-
ent cells are assigned to the
"building up" of the straw, man,
and others to the "knocking
down." (Otherwise people who are
genuinely interested in minority
rights might catch on.)
Of course inconsistency of po-
sition is . something that never
bothers the Communists; to ques-
tion such an order would be
"Chauvenistic D e v i a t i o n ism"
(thinking for themselves)-and
that is the worst sin of which a
party member can be guilty.
-Beecher F. Russell
[DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in It is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11
a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY,, MARCH 22, 1952 1
VOL. XII, No. 120
Seminar in Complex Variables. Mon.,
March 24, 3 p.m., 247 W. Engineering.
Mr. Osborn will begin the discussion of
the Fabry Theorems.
Preliminary Ph.D. Examinations in
Economics: Theory examinations will be
given on Thursday and Friday, April
24 and 25. The examinations in other
subjects will be given on Monday, Tues-
day, ,and Wednesday, April 28, .29, and
30. Each student planning to take these
examinations should leave with the
Secretary of the Department not later
than Wednesday, March 26, his name,
the three fields in which he desires to
be examined, and his field of special-
Doctoal Examination for Mohamed
Ezzeldin Hilmy, Mineralogy; thesis:
"structural Crystallographic Relation
Between Sodium Sulfate and Potassium
Sulfate and Some Other Synthetic Sul-
fate Minerals," Mon., March 24, 4083
Natural Science Bldg., 1:30 p.m. Chair-
man, L. S. Ramsdell.
Congregational - Disciples Guild. Par-
ty, 8 to 12 p.m., midnight, Evangelical
& Reformed Church. Meet at 7:55 at
Guild House to go together.
Lane Hall Program. Mr. and Mrs. Sen
of Shantineketen will present a pro-
gram at Lane Hall, 7 p.m. Mrs Sen will
sing some Tagore songs and Mr.' Sen
will lecture on the great poet. All stu-
dents are invited.
Graduate Outing Club and Town and
Country Club, square Dance, 8 p.m.,
Inter-Arts Union Student Arts Fes-
Sat., March 22-8:30 p.m., . Rackham
Volunteer Naval Research Reserve.
Unit 9-3. Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Mon.,
March 24, 2082 Natural Science Bldg.
"Exploration for and mining of dia-
monds in SouthAfrica." Prof. C. B.
Slawson, Mineralogy Dept.
Graduate Outing Club and Town and
Country Club, Square Dance, Sat.,
March 22, 8 p.m., WAB.
IZFA, Intercollegiate Zionist Federa-
tion of, America. General meeting, Sun.,
March 23,,7:30 p.m., League. Albert Ela-
zar, from Detroit Hebrew Schools will
speak on The Pan-Arab-League. Every-
one interestedis invite4. Israli folk
songs and dances.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith .............City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson........Feature Editor
Ron Watts .............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn,...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes..............Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James............women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller.........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz......Circulation Manager