THE J~MICHIGAN IDAILY
ECAUSE OF BOTH the domestic and for-
eign political implications of Italian
mier Alcide De Gasperi's visit to the
.ted States, it is unlikely that Congress
., as one of De Gasperi's opponents pre-.
bed, "brush off" the Premier's bid for
re economic aid and the return of Trieste.
Regarding Italy's request for more mon-
, over two billion American dollars have
en spent since the war to alleviate Italy's
sic problems of too few natural resources,
o much unemployment, and an in-
istrially retarded south.
'o help set Italy on a sounder economic
ting, Congress will do well to meet De-
speri's bid for "increased industrial or-
s in Italy by North Atlantic Treaty mem-
s." It has been and will continue to be an
remely slow process to raise the living
iditions of the farmers in the south, and
place the south on an industrial par with
north. Italy needs all the money it can
for this enormous building process.
t'he question of Trieste, however, is a far
ichier one than that of monetary assist-
ee. Since the Austrian empire, Trieste has
ised trouble between Italy and her neigh-
The strategic importance of Trieste is
aplied in its geographic location. Situated
; the northern tip of the Adriatic it is the
mly outlet to the Mediterranian for the
ndlocked Balkan countries. Trieste can
xsily be employed as a power lever to
ntrol Adriatic shipping.
taly lost Trieste after World War I when
goslavia took the territofy. Later Trieste
anged hands and Italy controlled it until
rld War II. After the last war the U.S.
itorials published in the Michigan Daily
written by members of The Daily staff
d represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY REED
did not give Trieste back to Yugoslavia for
two obvious reasons. One, Yugoslavia was
politically allied with Russia, and second,
the U.S. recognized the importance of post
war friendship with an Italy headed by suoh
resistance leaders as the Social-Democrat
The issue was temporarily settled in 1945
by declaring Trieste an independent terri-
tory and stationing U.S., English, and Yugo-
At the closure of the Italian peace treaty
in 1947 Trieste was divided, with two con-
stitutions, one for the Italian part and one
for the Yugoslav section. The territory is
now independent and under the auspices of
the Security Council.
Now, Italy demands as a free nation the
return of the whole territory of Trieste to
President Truman in a White House com-
munique was rather vague, as usual, regard-
ing Trieste. He stressed only his recognition
of the problem and the importance of it to
the Italian people.
Now that Yugoslavia has broken with the
Cominform, the U.S. is anxious not to allien-'
ate either country, Yugoslavia or Italy.
Here is one conflict which can readily be
settled over a conference table, by bringing
Yugoslavia and Italy together and making
permanent the two free territories of Trieste.
When this is done free elections can be held
in both zones as guaranteed in the 1947
Though Truman hasgranted Italy re-
visions of the peace treaty regarding arms,
the White House should keep in mind that
Italian elections are coming up very soon'
and that most likely De Gasperi is de-
manding the return of Trieste in such
strong terms for political reasons.
In spite of Washington's anxious desire to
keep Italy in the western camp/ attention
should be paid to the very real possibility
of compromise. At a time when harmony is
vital the latter course, that of concilliation.
seems most reasonable and diplomatic.
By JOSEPH ALSOPI
W ASHINGTON-In a courageous letter to
President Truman, Henry A. Wallace
has now provided the strongest documentary
support for certain very grave charges pre-
viously made in this space. This leitter and
its enclosures contain every essential fact
needed to prove that Sen. Pat McCarran's
subcommittee on internal security has been
taking demonstrably false testimony con-
cerning Wallace's trip to China' in the
spring of 1944.
Under leading questioning by the: McCar-
ran subcommittee counsel, the semi-profes-
sional ex-Communist, Louis Budenz, testified
that during this trip Wallace was "guided"
along the Communist party line by the
State Department official, John Ceniter Vin-
cent. He further testified that Vincent was
a "member of the Communist party" at that
On the one hand, Wallace's letter and
enclosures now show that in 1944 Wallace
conspicuously failed to recommend either
of the great Communist party line pro-
jects of that period in China. He did not
advocate American military aid for the
Chinese Communists. He did not urge the
President to force the Chinese Nationalists
into a political coalition with the Chinese
On the other hand, these Wallace docu-
ments also show that Wallace's main re-
commendations to President Roosevelt were
a series of positive measures to strengthen
the then-weakened government of General-
issimo Chiang Kai-shek. And they show
further that John Carter Vincent, the man
accused of being a "party member" and
Wallace's Communist "guide," actually join-
ed in the most drastic and important of
these recommendations. This was -the re-
commendation for the immediate replace-
ment of Gen. Joseph W .Stilwell by Gen.
Albert C. Wedemeyer in command in China.
In order to see how damning these docu-
ments are to the testimony taken by the
McCarran subcommittee, it is only neces-
At The Michigan ...
NIGHT INTO MORNING - With Ray
Milland and John Hodiak.
L AST night in Ann Arbor movie-goers
stumbled from a local theater, their vi-
sion blinded by tears their eyes could not
restrain, their cheeks salt-streaked from
weeping. It was as though they had wit-
nessed a gentle Dncan most treacherously
murdered or a noble Lear gone mad . . .
or so it would seem to the average passer-by.
Actually, the audience had been driven to
laughter so intense that they had been
moved to tears.
Hollywood has here produced a melo-
drama so obvious in its approach and so
blatant in its presentation that the most
negative intelligenep could recognize the
sary to consider a few facts about
Stilwell and Gen. Wedemeyer.
N THE POLITICAL SIDE, Gen. Stilwell's
interventions in the internal politics of
the Chungking government had led, in ways
too complex to explain in detail, to the total
triumph of the most inefficient and reac-
tionary faction of the Kuomintang. And
this had served the Communists by produc-
ing unspeakable demoralization and decay
among the Nationalists. Equally, on the
military side, Gen. Stilwell's whole aim was
to fight the Japanese in Burma, and to
draw into Burma all American and Chinese
military resources. And this had served the
Communists even more importantly, by leav-
ing the armies of the Generalissimo in China,
which were never given a pound of American
military supplies, exposed to a series of
crushing defeats by the Japanese.
In addition, Gen. Stilwell, was possessed
--it is the only word-by a venomous per.
sonal hatred of Chiang Kai-shek. He
warmly admired the Chinese Communists,
and wished to give them American mili-
tary aid, while continuing to hold down
aid to Chiang. And he was already work.
ing to gain these ends when Wallace
cabled Roosevelt about him. The great
weakness of the Generalissimo's govern.
ment, resulting from its military defeats
in East China, was to be exploited in order
to extort vast new powers for Stilwell.
Among these powers was to be absolute
authority to distribute American military
equipment within China, which in turn
was to permit Stilwell to give our arms to
Efforts to gain these powers for Stilwell
failed in the end, for reasons which are
another story, and on Chiang Kai-shek's re-
quest, President Roosevelt then followed Wal-
lace's advice to replace Stilwell with Wede-
meyer. If Stilwell had continued in com-
mand, there can be no particle of doubt that
the Chinese Communists would have come to
power before the end of the war. Instead,
the mere arrival of Gen. Wedemeyer sent a
new thrill of hope and strength through the
SUCH ARE THE relevant facts - all the
really important facts-of this great but
unhappily temporary turning point in the
China story, in which the Wallace trip to
China in 1944 played a valuable part. What
part the Wallace trip had played, what part
the accused man, Vincent, played on that
trip; could easily have been discovered long
ago by the McCarran subcommittee.
The documents were known to exist, and
were easily available. If the slightest ef-
fort had been made to ascertain the real
facts, the unfortunate Budenz would not
have been led into testifying as he did.
Instead, the subcommittee preferred to
pillory as a "member of the Communist
party" this defenseless Vincent, who join-
ed in striking the heaviest possible blow
to the Communist cause in China, and to
portray as strongly Communist in ten-
dency this Wallace journey, which was
the precise opposite.
Here is an issue which cannot be confus-
It Seems to Me
By DON NUECHTERLEIN
WHAT DO German legislators tell their
constituents about America when they
return home after studying government and
politics here for three months?
I was concerned about this question during
the past five months when I had the job of
escorting several of these German groups
around the country and showing them how
our particular form of democracy works.
First of all, they think we Americans are
very lucky people: our country suffered
none of the ravages of World War II, we
still have much uncultivated land and
plenty of room to move in, we have vast
natural resources, we have what they con-
sider an unbelievably high standard of
living and our capacity to expand indus-
trially seems unlimited.
They wonder if we Americans realize just
how fortunate we are.
On the other hand, they say Americans
are among the friendliest people they ever
met. They also are impressed by the fact
that we have none of the strong class-con-
sciousness that exists in Germany and most
other European countries.
They are quite astonished to find that we
call everybody by his first name, even if we
have just met.
* * *
AS FOR OUR government, they have a dif-
ficult time understanding why Ameri-
cans put up with such waste and inefficiency
in government, even when it is pointed out
that Americans may prefer it this way to
prevept government from becoming too
strorifg, as happened in Germany.
Our party system is another thing that
makes little sense to them. "How is it pos-
sible," they ask, "for Democrats to vote
with the Republicans on important is-
sues, and vice versa, and still remain mem-
bers of the party?" In Germany, as in
Great Britain, there is strict party disci-
They think our system of separation of
powers in government is an effective way to
hold the three branches under control; but
coming from Germany, which has the par-
liamentary system, they are surprised to find
that our President can take such an inde-
pendent position from Congress.
This feeling reflected itself in a remark
one German politician made after he had
been here several weeks, "I haven't found
anybody in this country who like Truman.
How could such an unpopular man be elected
I suggested that perhaps he had talked
with too many businessmen.
*; * * .
THE GERMANS are greatly impressed by
the willingness of Americans to compro-
mise. They said that in Germany people
think they lose face if they give in on an im-
portant issue; they said this makes for a
good deal of bitterness between opposing
One German said he didn't think there
is much difference between Republicans
and Democrats because they seem to com-
promise on most issues. He told a story he
had heard-that the only difference be-
tween Republicans and Democrats is that
one party is in power and the other is not.
He added that a Democrat told this story.
These politicians also are amazed to find
such excellent working conditions in our
factories and the high living standard enjoy-
ed by our workers.
Several remarked that they now could see
why there is no political labor party move-
ment in America: "the workers are getting
everything they want without it."
What about the world situation?
Most of them fear a war with Russia
eventually and feel that Germany cannot
escape. But they are wary about German
rearmament, fearing it might provoke Rus-
sia before the West is ready. In any case,
the Germans want equal status with other
western nations if they consent to provide
troops for Eisenhower's army.
What about democracy in Germany?
These Germans recognize that it is a slow
process, but they feel sure that bringing
more groups like this to America can do
much to speed up that process.
NOW THAT the fury over MacArthur has
subsided and the hit tune "Old Soldiers"
has gone the way of all hit tunes, may I
crawl out from under the shelter of my type-
writer table to ask what seems like a perti-
It seems that in this haven of intellectuals,
that in the wake of the sudden popularity of
this faded out, folk song there might have
been some honest, intellectual research into
the origin of the lyrics.
A master's thesis or doctorate might well
have been prepared from the research in-
volved in locating the source of "old soldiers
never die, they just fade away."
But the true student of philosophy need
search no farther than Ovid who represents
Pythagoras as addressing his disciples on
the doctrine of transmigration of souls in
these words: "Old souls never die, but al-
ways on quitting one abode pass on to
WASHINGTON-The 'problem of whether to prosecute the Repub-
lican Governor of Iowa for income-tax evasion has been troub-
ling the Democratic administration in Washington for months. At
first the Treasury debated whether it should send the case to the
Justice Department, finally decided to treat the matter as routine ...
the Justice Department is now giving Gov. William Beardsley a
chance to come in and argue his case privately on or about October
10. This is a courtesy given every alleged tax defrauder before prose-
cution starts ... what happened was that Governor Beardsley "for-
got" to include income from his drugstore and his farm. Further-
more, his memory lapse continued for about four years . . . When
the Treasury agent asked Beardsley for his records, the Governor
replied that he was "too busy"-"come back later." . . . Beardsley
kept stalling and never did produce the records, so the agent went
to the Governor's bank where he found he had neglected to report
about $50,000 over almost a four-year period . . . The Treasury agent,
in reporting to Washington, pointed out that the Governor had made
quite a few speeches about taxes, so was quite tax conscious.
* * * *
GUARD FOR LE MAY
THE MAN the Russians are supposed to fear most is Lieut. Gen.
Curtis Le May, commander of the B-36 squadrons at Offut Field,
Neb. He is the man slated to direct the dropping of the A-bomb over
Moscow in case of war . . . The Air Force, therefore, has wanted to
put a special guard on Le May, but he has objected . . . Since the
assassination attempt on President Truman, however, Air Secretary
Finletter has overruled Le May and put a special sentry at Offut
Field's officers' quarters with instructions to keep his eye on Le May.
A GOP scout friendly to Eisenhower has just finished a survey of
Illinois, home bailiwick of the Chicago Tribune's Colonel Mc-
Cormick and the results look good for Ike ... Dope is that Werner
Schroeder, long-time GOP National Committeeman and staunch Tri-
bune man, will be dropped .. . The Colonel also appears to be losing
out in Cook County (Chicago), with Simon Murray of Cicero likely
to become the local Republican power .. . McCormick has been want-
ing to shove Ex-Sen. Curley Brooks down the organization's throat
as Governor, but won't succeed. Ex-Congressman William Stratton
will probably be the candidate instead. However, even the Republi-
cans agree that it won't be easy io defeat popular Gov. Adlai Steven-
son, Democrat. Next GOP survey for Eisenhower will be of Wis-
* * * *
BEHIND IRON CURTAIN
REACTION to freedom balloon leaflets from Czechoslovakia was a
bit slow at first, but is now snowballing. Czechs are surrepti-
tiously tacking leaflets up on bulletin boards-even on official gov-
ernment boards-nailing them on telegraph poles, and mimeograph-
ing them . . . One bunch of Czech Communists were blazing mad
when each received a copy of the freedom-friendship message anony-
mously in the mail .. . The leaflets are making such inroads that the
official Communist paper 'Tvorba devoted one-half its front page to
a cartoon showing President Truman passing out balloons to Czech
exiles. The exiles were Drs. Zenkle, Majer and Peroutka, who were
dressed in medieval armor as knights of yore and labeled "crusa-
ders." . . . The cartoon, of course, was aimed at two things: . 1. to
make the friendship balloons appear as a U.S. government operation;
2. to make the Crusade for Freedom appear as spurred on by Czech
* * * *
T HE HEAT of the tax debate has coined a new name for this Con-
gress-"The monkey-wrench Congress." . . . First, Congress threw
a monkey-wrench into the anti-inflation program-at which time
many Senators argued that they would control inflation later when
the tax bill came around . . . Now the same Senators have thrown a
monkey wrench into the tax bill by opening up big loopholes for
special interests . . . In other words, the Senators kicked the lid off
profits with one foot via the controls bill, then eased the taxes on
these profits with the other. Nothing could help inflation more.
* * , *
BOATLESS MARINE CORPS
THE U.S. Marines, who won their great fame-from the halls of
Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli-in crash-landing boats, may
not be crash-landing anymore. At least not in boats ... The Marines
want to abandon boats for helicopters . . . Argument is that when
the boats hit the beach, hundreds of men are lost through hidden
mines. In addition, the boats make fairly easy targets for machine-
gun fire as they come in, while men in dripping uniforms and gear
are weighted down . .. Helicopters on the other hand would fly over
the beaches . , , The question is now before the joint chiefs of staff.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Michigan Union Golden Rule dance,
9 p.m. - 12:30 a.m.
Gothic Film series approved.
Homecoming D an c e, budget ap-
Student Players granted permission
to present play on Oct. 25, 26, 27 in
Registered Social Events for the com-
Congregational - Disciples Guild
Phi Delta Phi
Allen Rumsey House
Alpha Epsilon Pi
Alpha Kappa Kappa
Beta Theta P1
Delta Sigma Delta
Delta Tau Delta
Delta Upsilon Fraternity
Kappa Alpha Psi
Phi Delta Epsilon
Phi Delta Phi
Phi Delta Theta
Phi Gamma Delta
Phi Kappa Psi
Phi Kappa Sigma
Phi Kappa Tau
Phi Rho Sigma
Phi Sigma Delta
Pi Lambda Phi
Sigma Alpha Mu-Sigma Iota Chapter
Sigma Alpha Epsilon
Sigma Phi Epsilon
Tau Delta Phi
Theta Delta Chi
Alpha Tau Omega
Hinsdale House - Alice Lloyd
Phi Delta Phi
Law School Admission Test: Appli-
cation blanks for the November 17 ad-
ministration of the Law School Admis-
sion Test are now available at 110
Rackham building. Application blanks
are due in Princeton, N. J. not later
than November 7.
School of Social work Students: S.
W. 233, Social Case work I, is beig
offered on Tuesdays, 8 to 10, 65 Bus-
iness Administration Building; S. W.
270, Mental Hygiene II. is being offered
Tuesdays, 8 to 10, 309 General Library.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics:
Meeting in 3020 Angell Hall, Thurs.,
Sept. 27, at Noon to organize the Sem-
inar in Mathematical Statistics.
Mathematics 273: Effective Monday,
October 1, the hours for Math. 273 will
be as follows: Mondays, 3-5, Tuesdays
Carillon Recital by Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, 7:15 this eve-
ning, on the Charles Baird Carillon in
Burton Memorial Tower. This pro-
gram, the first in Professor Price's fal
series, will include works by Lawson,
Schubert, and Strauss, and a group of
Scottish airs. Other programs will fol-
low each Thursday evening at 7:15.
Literary College Conference. Steering
committee meeting, 4 p.m., 1011 A. H.
Speaker: Asst. Dean J. H. Robertson.
All men interested in rushing a so-
"You Don't Realize How Hard I'm Working"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
* OOOOv~ ,~%. .i
i1 j( t
(Continued from Page 2)
of student-sponsored activities for the
ten days prior to a final examination
period. Final examinations for the
present semester begin on January 21.
Open houses for the Michigan State
game are authorized in officially or-
ganized student residences on Sat..
Sept. 29, between 11:30 a.m. and 1:30
p.m. for pre-game functions and be-
tween 5 p.m. and 7 p.m. for post-game
functions. No registration of these
functions is necessary to provided they
are confined to the hours indicated.
Regents' Rules Governing Operation of
Motor Vehicles by Students:
"No student in attendance at the
University shall operate any motor ve-
hicle. In exceptional and extraordin-
ary cases in the discretion of the Dean
of Students this rule may be relaxed."
The regulation governs the use of a
car as well as the operation of one;
consequently it is not permissible for
a student to use his car or his family's
car for social, personal, or other pur-
poses when the car is driven by any
person who is not a member of his
immediate family. Any act of driving
without first securing permission from
the Office of Student Affairs will con-
stitute grounds for disciplinary action.
Students may apply for exemption
from the ruling by calling in person
at the Office of Student Affairs, 1020
Administration Building, and by giv-
ing complete information on their cars.
Only the following students may ap-
ply for exemption:
a) Those who are twenty-six years
of age or older.
b) Those who have a faculty rating
of teaching fellow or higher. It is to
be emphasized that exemption is no
granted automatically but is given only
upon personal request.
All other student drivers must re-
port to the Office of Student Affairs
where they may petition for special
permits which'will enable them to use
their cars for purposes which are
deemed absolutely necessary.
Committee on Student Affairs, meet-
ing held September 25. APPROVED.
Pep rallies to be sponsored by Wol-
verine Club on September 28, October
cial fraternity this semester are in-
vited to the RUSHEES' METING, 7:30
p.m., Natural Science Auditorium.
Men planning to rush a social fra-
ternity this semester MUST REGISTER
with the Interfraternity Council be-
tween 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. in the Michi-
gan Union Lobby before Wed., Oct. 3.
Rushing wil begin with Fratenity
Open Houses, Sun., Sept. 30.
Rushing Councilors are available to
answer general and specific questions
about the Michigan Fraternity System
between 9 am. and 5 p.m. on the
third floor of the Union until Oct. 14.
Graduate School Record Concerts:
Thursdays at 7:45 p.m., East Lounge,
Rackham. Sept. 27: Beethoven, 5th
Piano Concerto In E flat, Op. 73
Schnabel, Chicago Symphony, Stock.
Bach, Sonata in ; Landowska, harpsi-
chord, Menuhin, violin. Schubert, Trio
No. 1 in B flat, Op. 99; Heifetz, violin,
Rdibinstein, piano, Feuermann, cello.
All graduate students invited; silenc
Hillel Social Committee: Meeting,
Lane Hall. Anyone interested may at-
Young Republican Club: First meet-
ing of the year, 7:30 p.m., Room 3-A,
Union. Discussion of program for the
year and also the filling of several va-
cant offices in the Club.
Sailing Club: Business meeting, 7:30
p.m., 311 W. Engineering Bldg. All
former members please attend. Slides
to be shown.
Graduate Student Council:
Short meeting, 7:30 p.m., West Lec-
ture Room, Rackham Bldg. Will all
members please attend whether noti-
fied by mail or not.
International Center Weekly Tea tot
foreign students and American friends,
Sigma Delta Chi: Business meeting.
8 p.m., League. Al members please at-
IZFA Executive Board meeting, 3:30
p.m., Room 3A, Union.
Modern Dance Club:
Meeting of all former members, 7:30
p.m., Barbour Dance Studio.
Newman Club: Open House Party,
Fri., Sept. 28, 8-12 midnight, basement
of Saint Mary's Chapel, William &
Thompson Sts. All Catholic students
and their friends are invited.
Gilbert and Sullivan Tryouts
Continuing tonight from 6:30 to 10.
and Friday from 6 to 9:30; Rm. E-D,
League. Openings in "Ruddigore" for
principals, chorus, and accompanists.
Westminster Guild. Scavenger Hunt,
Fri., Sept. 28, 8 p.m., First Presbyterian
Church. Wear blue Jeans.
American Chemical Society Lecture.
Dr. J. O'M. Bockris, Lecturer on Chem-
istry, Imperial College of Science and
Technology, London University, will
talk on "Mechanism of Electrode Re-
actions and Overvoltage," 8 p.m., Fri.,
Sept. 28, 1300 Chemistry Bldg. All
interested persons are invited.
Congregational - Disciples Guild: A
party will be held Friday evening after
the Pep Rally at the Disciples Church
at the corner of Hill and Tappan.
Dancing and games. All those plan-
ning to attend should notify the Guild
House (phone 5838) by Friday noon.
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Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
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Barnaby, your Fairy Godfather is annoyed with But the campfire
Mrs. Tyler. After the trouble Pve taken to get is over. The kids
two talented Ghosts to fell you Ghost stories- en had-
I'm going to speak to Mrs. Tyler. There are lights in her ofice-
. O'Malley! It's coming