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January 10, 1952 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1952-01-10

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Latest Deadline in the State CLOUDY AND COLDER

VOL. LXII, No. 78

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1952

SIX PAGES

vChina Policy
Split Bridged
In Meeting
HST, Churchill
Agree on Bases
WASHINGTON -(RI)- Presi-
dent Truman and Prime Minister
Churchill bridged their split over
China policy yesterday in pro-
claiming a solid Anglo-American
front against the Communist
threat in Asia and the Middle East
as well as Europe.
In a communique issued shortly
after Churchill left for New York
and Ottawa, they also formally
announced that American use of
atomic bomber bases in England is
subject to joint decision with the
British government in time of
emergency. Churchill had sought
this assurance from Truman in
writing.
* * *
IN ADDITION, they threw their
full support and prestige behind
efforts of six Western European
nations to form a European de-
de fense force, with Germany "as a
full and equal partner."
The 1,000 word communique,
covering these and half a dozen
other points of decision or pro-
gress, topped off four days of
conferences which took up near-
ly all of the British leader's
time on his visit here. The two
government chiefs met at Chur-
chill's suggestion for the gen-
eral purpose of obtaining a bet-
ter understanding on common
problems of cold war strategy
and related issues around the
globe.
The communique suggested this
purpose had been fulfilled assert-
ing the talks were conducted "in
mutual friendship, respect and
confidence" and produced "a bet-
ter understanding of the thoughts
and aims of each of the govern-
ments involved."
THE COMMUNIQUE contained
no surprises-noU announcements
or decisions which had not in a,
general way at least been antici-
pated by officials from the begin-
ning of the talks.
Apparently it left unreported
many of the points which had
been discussed during conferences
which started Saturday and ran
through Tuesday. This too had
been expected since some of the
discussions dealt with military af-
fairs which were considered secret
from the beginning.
Civil Liberties
Group Attacks
Speaker Ban
Adopting resolutions concerning
the campus Lecture Committee
and the recent Florida murder of
prominent Negro leader, Harry T.
Moore, the new Civil Liberties
Committee moved into action at
their meeting last night.
Opposing in principle a Regents
rule barring subversives and poli-
tit'al candidates from speaking
here, the committee's resolution
states a faith in the "maturity of
students and their organizations"
and an opposition to any rule or
group which outlines what speak-
ers students should hear.
The group approved a recom-
mendation that in the near
future a forum be held be-
tween faculty and students to

discuss the Regents rule and the
University Lecture Committee.
In protest against the "reign of
terror in Florida" which includes
the bomb killing of Moore, the
committee voted to send letters to
President Harry Truman, Attorney
General McGrath, Gov. Fuller
Warren and Michigan's repre-
sentatives to Congress asking that
"appropriate action" be taken.
At their meeting last night the
Student Legislature also voted to
instruct the Human Relations
Committee to compose a protest
letter to McGrath.
The motion was objected to by
several SL members on the
grounds that the issue is not with-
in SL's jurisdiction. But the vote
was decisive.
Council Denied
Truce Issue
PATr-TPL-- rh TNT Pnli tiral

Student Change
On SAC Asked
SL Wants Authority To Select
Student Members of Committee
By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Student Legislature in a surprise move last night voted over-
whelmingly to declare that SL should be empowered to name all

Truman

DeclIares

195 2

'Crucial'

for

Re arming

student members on the powerful
The action came on the eve of,
sentation. A subcommittee which
New Storm
Threatens
'Enterprise'
LONDON -(?)- A mounting
gale howled new threats to the
helplessly drifting freighter Fly-
ing Enterprise early today.
In the dark hours Capt. Kurt
Carlsen and companion still were
aboard, but every minute of the
storm lowered their chances of
getting the ship to port, exper-
ienced seamen said.
* * *
U.S. NAVY reports from the
scene predicted with some reserve
that she would be ready for re-
newed attempts to take her in
tow again at daylight.
The Navy report said the
heavy weather worried Carlsen,
but he and his companion on
the helplessly drifting ship hung
on doggedly. With the Captain
is First Mate Kennet Dancy of
the British towing tug Turmoil.
The Enterprise was listing as
much as 80 degrees on the roll,
her deckhouse was awash, and she
continued to take on water.
She was in heaving sea 30 miles
south and three miles east of the
Lizard, England's southernmost
point.*
IT WAS THE fifteenth night of
Carlsen's ordeal, much of it spent
alone.
The anxious hours passed
slowly aboard the vessels stand-
ing by the Enterprise. '
Preparations have been made to
rescue Carlsen and Dancy if the
Enterprise begins to sink.
* * *
THE NIGHT was long, too, at
Falmouth, the port Carlsen had
hoped to reach yesterday and
where his parents, flown from
Denmark, are awaiting him.
From the Associated Press'
chartered tug, The Englishman,
near the Enterprise, Correspon-
dent Alvin Steinkopf reported.
by radio: "Wind freshening but
ship drifting uneventfully. Sea
increasingly rough."
British Royal Air Force Lan-
caster Bombers circled over the
scene, prepared to drop collapsible
dinghies near the crippled ship if
Carlsen and Dancy must jump for
their lives.
But Carlsen and Dancy hung on
doggedly. The U.S. destroyer Wil-
lard Keith which has stood guard
over the listing Enterprise for
days, reported the Captain ap-
peared in good spirits despite his
worsening plight.
Men To Discuss
Union Constitution
Proposals for amending the Un-
ion constitution will be presented
to members at an open meeting
from 4 to 6 p.m. today in Rm. 3-A,
Union.
Union President John Kathe
'52P, urged all male students to
attend so their opinions and sug'
gestions may be incorporated into
the final revisions presented to the
Union Board of Directors.

Student Affairs Committee.
a possible shake-up in SAC repre-
has been studying the composi-
tion of student membership will
report out its recommendations
next Tuesday, according to Leah
Marks, SAC memberand cabinet-
member-at-large.
* * *
AT PRESENT, the Committee
consists of six faculty representa-
tives, the Dean of Women, presi-
dents of the Union, League, Men's
and Women's Judiciary, and Stu-
dent Legislature, a woman repre-
sentative from SL and the Man-
aging Editor of The Daily, with
the Dean of Men acting as chair-
man.
SL had previously passed mo-
tions calling for a voting ma-
jority for students-the ratio
now stands 7-7, with the Dean
of Men casting the tie-breaking
vote-and removal of the stipu-
lation that the second SL dele-
gate must be a woman. In the
course of discussing these issues,
it was decided to review the
whole question of representa-
tion.
Miss Marks, who made the mo-
tion, admitted it was highly im-
probable that SAC would grant SL
the request. But she felt it impor-
tant that the Legislature go on
record for this principle, especially
now that SAC is in the throes of
reorganization.
* * *
IT APPEARS likely there will
be two more student representa-
tives, she said-which may be
chosen by SL.
"SL is the only body which is
actually representative of the
students," Miss Marks declared.
"Therefore the Legislature
should have the right to name
the student representation on
SAC, which performs important
student government functions
in overseeing student organiza-
tions."
However, she emphasized that
this would not necessarily mean
that only SL personnel would be
chosen.
THE MOVE was opposed by a
small but vocal minority. Jack
DesJardins, '53, rose to protest,
declaring, "We stepped on the In-
ter Fraternity Council, now we're
going to step on a whole group of
other powerful campus organiza-
tions. We just don't have the pow-
er to do this."
In other action, SL voted unani-
mously to dispatch a letter off to
the University Calendar Commit-
tee protesting the scheduling of
spring vacation so that Easter
Sunday will be the day before re-
sumption of classes, forcing some
students to miss religious obser-
vances to return to classes.
Michigras
An open meeting will be held
at 7:15 p.m. today in the Union
for all students interested in
working on the Michigras cen-
tral committees.
Technicolor movies of the
1950 Michigras parade will be
shown, according to Jack Ham-
er '52, general co-chairman.
Students who are unable to
attend the meeting will have an
opportunity at a later date to
sign up to work on the com-
mittees, Hamer said.

STRANDED LOCOMOTIVE--head
train tilts crazily where it came to;
boxcar, eight miles west of Ann Arb
* * *

-Daily--Jack Bergstrom -Daily-Jack Bergstrom
diesel of New York Central TANGLED WRECKAGE-Twisted metal is all remaining where
a stop after striking derailed the Wolverine (right) and a freight train carrying auto bodies
or. crushed together.

*

* *, * *

Wolverine Slashes Moving Freight

By CHUCK ELLIOTT
Daily Managing Editor
A quick-thinking engineer nar-
rowly averted disaster last night
as the Wolverine, crack New York
Central passenger train, jumped
the rails in a spectacular wreck at
Dexter.
Traveling from Chicago to New
York, the Wolverine wasgoing 60
miles an hour when it ripped into
the corner of a boxcar derailed
"rom the center of a rapidly tra-
veling west-bound freight. As the
boxcar upended and flopped off
the track, the Wolverine's diesel
engine left the rails and ground
to a stop near the Dexter railway
depot. __ --

WARD FRY, 64 year old en-
gineer, avoided telescoping his
train by grabbing the emergency
brake and stopping all the cars
evenly. Five persons were taken to
St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital here
for treatment, and at last report
none were believed badly injured.
All 13 cars and both engines
of the passenger train remained
upright. The remaining part of
the freight tilted against them
before coming to a stop, how-
ever, buckling boxcars and
punching in the side of several
t cars on the Wolverine.
Railway officials were at a loss
to explain the reason for the firgst

boxcar's jumping the tracks. The
accident occured at about 7:301
p.m., and shook houses in the vil-
lage of Dexter, about eight miles
west of Ann Arbor.
FRY AND 'the fireman, Robert
Gray, said that they saw the box-
car jump out in front of them
about 200 yards ahead. Explaining
that it takes nearly a quarter of
a mile to stop the heavy locomo-
tive at 60 miles an hour, Fry said
he grabbed the emergency and
held on.
"He saved a lot of lives that
way," Gray pointed out.
"But don't call me a hero," Fry
replied. "I couldn't have done
anything. else if I had wanted to."
SEVERAL HUNDRED passen-
gers were badly shaken up, some
closely missing death when the
boxcars crushed against the side
of the train. One compartment,
empty at the time of the crash,
was a crazy mass of tangled steel,
wood and upholstery. Windows
were broken in nearly every car.
The 70-car freight, mostly
made up of Santa Fe boxcars,

was apparently carrying auto
and truck bodies. At least one
boxcar had the whole side
ripped off it, and several others
were badly damaged.
After waiting in the train for
three hours, passengers were taken
to Ann Arbor in school buses,
where they boarded other trains.
The wreck blocked all rail traffic
through Dexter, and late last
night crews were working with a
huge crane to clear the way. Offi-
cials hoped to have one line open
by morning. Meanwhile, they were
trying to find a way to re-route
trains between Chicago and De-
troit.
Three minutes after the crash,
the bartender in the club car
was reported busily serving
drinks again, despite the fact
that at the far end of his car
thewallhad been smashed in.
Of the five injured, only two
remained in the hospital last
night: Thomas J. May, of New
York, with facial lacerations and
a. thigh injury, and Helen Barnes,
of Detroit, with possible internal
injuries.

Claims War
Threat Still
'Very Real'
Congress UrgeX
To 'Cooperate'
WASHINGTON -(M)-- Presi-
dent Truman yesterday proclaim-
ed 1952 a "crucial year" in the
struggle of the United States and
the free world to re-arm against
the threat of World War III.
Warning that Soviet Russia is
expanding her armed might,
atomically and otherwise, the
President declared solemnly that
the threat of another global con-
flict is still "very real."
AND HE APPEALED to Con-
gress to avoid "political fights"
that might harm the nation in
this presidential election year.
With Prime Minister Churchill
of Great Britain listening in-
tently in the gallery-and a
huge unseen audience following
his words by coast-to-coast radio
and television-Mr. Truman told
a joint session of Congress:
"The world still walks in the
shadow of another world war...
the United States and the whole
free world are passing through a
period of grave danger . .. we are
moving through a perilous time
faced with a terrible threat
of aggression."
SUCH WAS the grim tenor that
ran through much of the Presi-
dent's annual "State of the Union"
message in which he staunchly de-
fended his leadership and scoffed
at his critics as "timid and fear-
ful men who wring their hands
and cry out that we have lost the
way."
In general, Mr. Truman
pledged this country to help
build up the free world's de-
fenses against the threat of ag-
gression and to seek peace by
following the "hard road" be-
tween war and appeasement.
"Peace is our goal-not peace at
any price, but a peace based on
freedom and justice," he said.
In broad outline, the President
sketched the legislative program
he would like Congress to adopt
in the months ahead-largely a
renewed but somewhat soft-ped-
alled plea for the domestic policies
he calls his "Fair Deal:" civil
rights, federal aid to education,
improved social security benefits,
stronger farm price supports, and
national health insurance.
MR. TRUMAN threw out a hint
of possibly higher taxes, saying he
would talk about that subject in.
a later message. He said he will,
soon ask for an increase in the
nation's armed forces, notably in
air power. And he called for
stronger economic controls and
enactment of "a strong anti-infla-
tion law."
"Our stabilization law was
shot full of holes at the last ses-
sion," Mr. Truman said in an
obvious reference to Congres-
sional amendments which have
permitted some prices to rise as
production costs go up.
Lawmakers on both sides of the
aisle, Democrats and Republicans,
gave Mr. Truman a standing one-
minute ovation as he entered the
crowded House chamber on the
dot of 12:30 p.m.
Prime Minister Churchill and
British Foreign Secretary Anthony
Eden rose to join in the ovation, as
did Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio),
a candidate for the Republican

presidential nomination.
351 TO GO:-
Santa Makesn
tEarlyAppeal
Al Warnnff Ann Arhr' 9ntn

Half-Year Mark Finds
Truce Talks Deadlocked

MUNSAN, Korea, Thursday, Jan.
10 - (1) - Korean truce talks
reached the half-year mark today
in a tight deadlock over restricting
Communist airfield construction in
North Korea during an armistice.
The United Nations Command
also was unable to budge the Reds
yesterday from demands for forced
repatriation of all prisoners held
by the Allies without regard for
the wishes of the individuals.
The Allies want repatriation on
a voluntary basis.
EFFORTS TO untangle these is-
sues were to resume in Panmunjom
today. Subcommittees handling:
prisoner exchange and truce sup-
ervision met at 11 a.m. today (9
p.m. yesterday, Ann Arbor time.)
Whether the defeat of a Rus-

sian attempt to force the Korean
truce negotiations into a special
high-level meeting of the Se-
curity Council at Paris would
speed up the talks in Panmun -
jom remained to be seen. The
Soviet proposal was voted down
40 to 6 by the UN Political
Committee.
The Communists yesterday sub-
mitted what they called their "fi-
nal, unbreakable" offer to settle
the armistice supervision question.
For the first time they ac-
cepted Allied provisions for thej
replenishment of supplies and
rotation of troops during an
armistice. But they omitted al -
together the UN proposal for re-
stricting the building and re-
pair of military airfields.
The Allied negotiator, Maj. Gen.
Howard M. Turner, turned down
the Communist plan but promised
to re-study it during the night.
ON KOREAN.battlefields heavy
fighting halted on one western
front yesterday but flared nearby.
Smaller clashes erupted on the
eastern Korean front near Heart-
break Ridge.
Red MIG jet planes stayed at
home. Allied fighters and bomb-
ers loosed a double-barreled at-
tack against front line enemy
i nilldmr., ,ima V ail links

'LEVIED AT CONSUMER':

Tax Plan Not A imed
At U', Mayor Asserts

SPLIT-SECOND SCHEDULE:
Rare Palladium To Be Rushed to U'

By DONNA HENDLEMAN
The proposed ten per cent'
amusement tax on Ann Arbor en-
tertainment is in no way aimed at
the University, but is merely a levy
on the individual consumer, Mayor
William Brown Jr. declared last
night.
Explaining his proposal in a
special statement to The Daily,
the mayor emphasized the tax,
which would assess all amusement
tickets costing $1 or more, is mere-
ly a "logical solution to a pressing
financial problem."
* * *
AT THE same time Mayor
Brown firmly denied a rumor that
he would probably discuss the pro-
posed tax at a meeting with Pres-
ident Harlan Hatcher this morn-
ing.
- "President Hatcher and I are
getting together for a very in-

"THE .University is the town's
greatest industry; I hope it will
be one of the first to back the
city," Mayor Brown said.
The town population has not
expanded in proportion to the
services Ann Arbor renders to
the University community, the
Mayor pointed out.
"The pity must have help, or it
may come to a financial breaking
point," he said.
The plan was not lightly con-
sidered, according to the Mayor.
A delegation, with the best legal
advisors, has been studying the
revenue problem for six years, he
noted.
"THERE is nothing in the city
charter which would limit our
levying such a tax. I appreciate
that there are some working-ob-
stacles to be overcome, but I am
not at all worried about the final

In a feat that will rival the
famed transport of serum to
Nome, University officials will re-
ceive a minute and extremely rare
piece of radioactive metal from
Canada on Jan. 14.
Palladium, the expensive metal,
will receive even more particular
care than Alaska's diphtheria ser-
um. To get the particle from

one-half'of its radioactivity and
its experimental effectiveness.
After being flown to Windsor
aboard a commercial plane, the
aluminum container carrying
the metal will be rushed through
the customs office and quickly
placed on a University plane.
On arrival at the University's
Willow Run Research Center the

mobile engine will protect the
driver from atomic radiation.
This would help pave the way
toward the goal of improving en-
gine performance with some
form of atomic energy.
The work on engines with the
metal will be supervised by Prof.
Edward T. Vincent, chairman of
the Department of Mechanical

ClAswno 8-dnn rorsi wound
Claus, needs 8-day spring wound

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