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December 16, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-12-16

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SUNDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1951

-

IFC Bias Action

THE "ACACIA proposal," passed by the
Interfraternity Council last Wednesday
night, is an admirable design for the re-
moval of discriminatory clauses from fra-
ternity constitutions.
Unfortunately, it won't work.
The framers of the new IPC hands-off
policy had a noble purpose-the voluntary
elimination of the clauses. It is regrettable
that the practical framework in which the
plan must operate will pervert its high
ideals.
Essentially, the proposal favors "the
action of the individual fraternity with-
out any coercive threat"; the assistance
of the IFCrin "a counseling and informa-
tion service" to houses with clauses; and
a continuation of "the education program
which the IFC is carrying on at the pres-
ent time."
The effectiveness of the plan hinges on
exceptional leadership in the IFC and a
clear desireeon the part of the houses with
constitutional barriers to remove them, both
of which are lacking. Experience has shown
that only a detailed and enforcible resolu-
tion can weather the vagaries of adminis-
trative calibre-inertia has historically dis-
tinguished the TFC.
The Acacia plan is a vague, broadly out-
lined policy statement which defies forceful
execution. It contains no realistic approach
to the problem. It is an idea, not a practi-
cal blueprint.
Furthermore, the motivation of IFC adop-
tion was not principally to accomplish the
ends which its writers .intended. To many
of those voting on the proposal, it was the
only available alternative to the "coercion"
implied in the recommendation of the IFC-
Student Legislature study committee.
It was a choice ,between final acceptance
by the IFC of responsibility for ridding the
Michigan fraternity system of bias clauses
and the doctrine of treating legalized dis-
crimination as the business of the indivi-
dual fraternity.
The former was the essence of the SL-
IFC study group's proposal After twoj
months of intensive study and research, the
committee concluded that the IFC could
and should see that houses take constructive
steps toward clause removal and supple-
ment this with a concrete educational pro-
gram.
Whereas the Acacia plan speaks of "edu-
cation" in loose generalities, the study
Editorials printed In The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARLAND BRITZ

group's proposal contained a solid, binding
educational plan based on the findings of
the Research Center for Group Dynamics.
What confounds the intelligence is that
in making perhaps their most vital deci-
sion, the IFC gave shockingly insufficient
consideration to either plan. It failed to
see the implications of hastily accepting
the do-nothing Acacia plan and rejecting
the reverse proposal,
It is the contention of several members
of the IFC Executive Committee that the
study report was "inadequate." More ac-
curately, the "inadequacy" of the report lay
in the perfunctory treatment it received at
the hands of the Committee majority.
For about two hours, the plan was the
subject of superficial discussion. The decid-
ing votes and decisive rhetoric came from
the alumni members of the body.
On the other hand, the Executive Commit-
tee failed to give a thorough report on the
study group's recommendation and the basis
of rejection to the House Presidents As-
sembly. After strong procedural objections,
the chairman of the group was allowed to
take the floor and read the five-page docu-
ment to the voting body. No copies were
available for the house representatives to
peruse themselves.
At one time, the Assembly passed a mo-
tion to postpone final action until intelligent
jweighing of both plans could be completed.
But "the time is now" psychology effected a
reverse vote later in the evening and the
Acacia plan went through.
The facts are indisputable-cursory con-
sideration given this matter by both the Ex-
ecutive Committee and the House Presidents
Assembly was in no way commensurate with
the vital importance of the issue at hand.
The strong campus reaction demonstrates
that the Acacia proposal will not win for
the fraternities the freedom from pressure
they seek-it will only fan the flames of
pressure from outside the walls of the fra-
ternity system.
The Student Legislature is scheduled to
take action Wednesday night on a new time
limit. If it is .voted, the problem will be be-
yond the reach of the fraternities. If the
IFC wants to prevent this, something must
be done now.
There is no regular meeting of the House
Presidents Assembly scheduled before Christ-
mas. But the time is past for conventional
procedure.
By now, it should be obvious to all that
the Michigan fraternity system is split
down the middle on the issue-that many
of the outstanding fraternity leaders are
in bitter opposition to the action taken.
The president of the IFC has 9, definite
obligation to call a special meeting of the
house presidents before Wednesday for re-
consideration.
--Crawford. Young and Barnes Connable

The Veto
CHANGE A NAME here and there, and
what we are witnessing this week is a
prologue to what could be a repetition of
the episode of May 29, 1951-the day Presi-.
dent Alexander Grant Ruthvenvetoed the
Student Legislature-Student Affairs Com-
mittee resolution ordering fraternities to re-
move their discriminatory clauses by 1956
or face possible loss of campus recognition.
If the parallel follows through, however,
the justice in the decision will still be in
doubt, for an ever-increasing sector of the
United States would view the outcome as
only a temporary terminus point and not
conclusive by any means.
The question bothering everyone is:
"Would Harlan Henthorne Hatcher veto the
measure?" This assumes, of course that the
SL will press what seems to be its present
attempt to re-legislate last May's proposal,
albeit withcertain significant changes, and
that the SAC would re-pass the amended
version in spite of the onus it will inherit
from the Ruthven veto.
Defenders of the Inter-Fraternity Coun-
cil's latest resolution are confident that
President Hatcher will quash anything re-
motely resembling the original SL-SAC
measure. Proponents of the SL-SAC motion,
on the whole, ruefully concede this.
Why such confidence on the part of the
former group and such pessimism from
the majority of their opponents? Assuming
that President Hatcher was selected for
much the same qualities which President
Ruthven possessed, the attitiudes are un-
derstandable.
For whatever pressures are acknowledged
in President Ruthven's decision, they are
intensified many fold on President Hatcher.
He is new. He needs and craves the support
of the more influential forces which work
on this University. These forces seem to fav-
or the IFC resolution. The measure's oppon-
ents are vocal with conviction, but convic-
tion is not at a premium on this campus.
Money, power and influence-are.
Thus without any formal indication the
word seems to have gone out that, though
the new president has studiously avoided
public involvement in the question, he is
"with the tFC."
This may be; but thereare those who
think otherwise. President Hatcher is
another man facing a set of circumstances
parallel only in the bare outlines. The re-
current aspect of the tangle which may
be deposited on his desk could be the very
thing needed to produce a fresh view from
a man who looks beyond temporal and
temporary considerations.
To resolve it as President Ruthven did last
May would leave matters still snarled; the
former president was leaving-he could af-
ford it. President Hatcher, most of us hope,
will be with us for a long time. A realistic
approach to this forerunner of the many
problems he must successfully contend with
is almost a pre-requisite to long and well-
spent years of service in the mansion on
South University.
-Zander Hollander
As You Like It
low, blow, thou winter wind.
Thou art not so unkind
As man's ingratitude.
Thy tooth is not so keen,
Because thou art not seen,
Although thy breath be rude.
Hleigh-ho! Sing, heigh-ho! unto the green
holly.
Most friendship is feigning, most loving
mere foly.
Then, heigh-ho, the holly!
This life is most jolly.
Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,
That dost not bite so nigh
As benefits forgot.
Though thou the waters warp,
Thy sting is not so sharp

As friend remembered not.
Heigh-ho! Sing, heigh-ho! unto the green
holly.
Most friendship is feigning, most loving
mere folly.
Then, heigh-ho, the holly!
This life is most jolly.
-W. Shakespeare

The Week's News
.. .IN RETROSPECT .. .

etteP4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by tie writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length. defamnatorv or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

* I
...'. t t .}l }
AN APPLE IN .'HISt BACK-Mond£ay ngh te1it ful l-lnt
film evr nto be a{prodcd nanAercn{oleecaps aL iswol
premiey re 'at Hill tAdi ir.The il, fo$Frat.afk'sstoy f
young man who changed into a five-foot-long insect, employed weird
camera effects and weird musical accompaniment. The comment of
many of the 2,300 students who saw Metamorphosis-"weird movie."
* * * *
IFC ACTION-Long awaited action of bias clauses was taken by
the Interfraternlty Council last week. Six months ago, when President
Ruthven vetoed the Student Legislature proposal requiring fraterni-
ties to remove bias clauses by 1956 or face loss of University recogni-
tion, IFC president Jack Smart said the "IFC recognizes its respon-
sibihity."Y
Early this semester a joint SL-IFC committee was formed to
study the problem and make a recommendation to the IFC. Tuesday
night the study group reported to the IFC executives. The committee's
plan asked for withdrawal of IFC recognition from fraternities with
bias clauses if they failed to ask for removal of the clauses at their na-
tional conventions. But Wedneday night, upon recommendation of the
IFC executives, the house presidents passed the Acacia proposal as its
bias clause policy, which leaves the elimination of the clauses up to
the individual houses themselves.
After six months, the IFC felt it had fulfilled its responsibility.
* * * *
. .. AND REACTION-To one segment of fraternity men and to
the SL, the IFC action was a disappointment. A movement for recon-
sideration of the Acacia proposal sprung up, and it appeared that a spe-
cial meeting of the IFC may be called before Christmas vacation to
offer the house presidents a chance to change their minds.
Meanwhile, a swiftly-acting SL Human Relations committee de-
cided Friday to recommend to the Legislature that it pass at its next
meeting a resolution similar to the one Ruthven vetoed.
If approved, the SL resolution this year would include campus sor-
orities with clauses.
,NCnANA -a Truman, remembering that next year is an
election year, was back in Washington this week, promising to set up
a special house-cleaning agency to sweep out corruption in govern-
ment "no matter who they are or how big they are." Meanwhile the
House sub-committee investigating the tax scandals heard more of
"special deals and attempted shakedowns'' from resigned chief coun-
sel of the Internal Revenue Bureau, Charles Ohiphant. And Repub-
li cans were doing their best to link the boss of the Justice Department,
J. Howard McGrath, with the tax deals.
* * * *
OUSTER-Veteran diplomat, John S. Service, an important tar-
get in attacks of Red-baiting Joe McCarthy, was ousted last week for
Sa "reasonable doubt Of loyalty" by the government's top security
panel, the Loyalty Review Board of the Civil Service Commission.
Service, who had previously been cleared by the State Department's
own Loyalty Security Board, cafled the action a "shock" and an "in-
ustice."
* * * *
Inocl ..rn o.l

JET ACE-Thursday was a bad day for the Red Air Force. Sabre
jet pilots shot down 13 Communist planes in two air battles, with credit
for four of the kills going to a 31-year-old Texan, Maj. George Davis.
The day following the battle, Davis was ordered to fly only one mission
a day over North Korea. Fellow airmen feel that the major, who has
bagged 12 Red planes in the last 17 days, is f ar too valuable to continue
facing the risks of a combat flier. They think Davis will soon be home
to instruct potential jet aces, and to help in the Air Force recruiting
drive.
*. * * *
TRUCE TALKS-As the 30 day cease-fire deadline drew near,
Allied truce negotiators told the Reds they were ready to listen to any
proposal that would represent a forward step in settling the deadlock.
The Allies, worried about UN prisoners in Communist hands, kept ask-
ing, without receiving replies, for the number of Allied prisoners of
war. By weeks end, just 10 days remained before the present cease-fire
line would have to be set all over again.
* * * * .
EGYPTIAN PROTEST-Egypt's Ambassador to Great Britain,
Abdel Fattah Amr Pasha, packed his suitcase in London last week and
prepared to ret.urn home. His government had recalled him in protest
against "British aggression" in the Suez Canal zone. But at week's
end an uneasy peace still hovered with the warm moist air over the
land of the Sphinx.
-Sid Klaus

S Book Storen...
To the Editor:
UPON AhRRuIVrIN on the UM
ncn-suentisfalhone of the
first things I inquired about con-
cerned the location of the student
book store. I was surprised to find
that no such organization existed
I was even more surprised and de-
jected to discover the many ways
the students of Michigan are being
exploited, in terms of prices and
services, by the privately owned
"freely competitive" book stores. h
" Therefore, I would like to pre-
sent the situation that exists at a
university which has enjoyed the
services of astudent-owned book
store for 51 years, the U of Wash-
ington (15,000 students).
The University Book Store was
organized at Washington in 1900
by a group of universty students.
Since that time, it has expanded
into a three story establishment
selling books and equipment for all
campus courses, as well as gifts,
men and women's clothing, pho-
tography and sport equipment.
records, radios and practically all
necessities that a student requires.
The store has no direct connection
with the university administration.
It is managed by two full-time
non-students with the assistance
of a Board of Directors composed
of three students and four faculty
members. Every student of the
university is a stock holder upon
payment of their university fees.
At the time a student buys some-
thing, he is given a sales slip which
he keeps until the end of the
spring quarter. At that time, the
Board of Directors determines the
net profit of the store, and divides
it among the students according
to the total of each student's pur-
chases. During recent years, this
rebate has amounted to from 8 to
14%. However, more important
than this is the fact that all of
the articles in the store are sold
at the minimum fai-trade price,
and the student is astred a fair
price for all articles (i.e., 20 cents
for the same note book paper cost-
ing 30 cents in Ann Arbor). Used
books may be sold back to the
store at the end of the year for
a much higher percentage than is
accorded the student at Michigan
by the local book stores. In the
long run, the prices throughout the
district are kept down to their
normal level by the fair prices of
the student owned store.
Naturally, there are many of the
local businessmen of Ann Arbor
who would raise the battle-cry of
"interference with private compe-
tition," etc., at the thought of posi-
tive action by the students on the
origination of a book store. How-
ever, such a condition does not
exist at Washington. There are
just as many, if not more, privately
owned and managed book stores
in the district which have been
profiting from student trade for
years, as there are privately owned
book stores in Ann Arbor... .
The example above is not a sole
one-an investigation will reveal
similar establishments throughout
the nation on state and private
campuses alike...
The time is ripe for SL to see
the light on this problem...
-P. A. Yantis
Discrimination . . .
To the Editor:
THERE appeared in the Daily
the results of the study regard-
ing the attitudes of fraternity men
'towards admission of members of

minority groups. Watching close-
ly every movement towards the
elimination of the discriminatory
practices and being one of the
minority group, I wish simply to
state the fact that whatever the
famous or infamous bias clauses
are, the minority group will never
realize that they are those being
discriminated, in the real sense of
the word. It is my belief that a
man can never' be discriminated
until he discriminates himself.
Those who indulge in what they
think the "discriminatory prac-
tice," though they have their right
when they chose to do so, can ac-
complish nothing but to prove
that they are unworthy of their
culture and the opportunities of
education. Furthermore, by that
very practice, they have discrim-
inated themselves in the world in-
tellectual circle.
That which is morally wrong
can never be practically wise. If

the majority group, by exercisin
their majority votes, shows no in-
terest in promoting mutual under-
standing, cooperation as well as
tolerance towards the minority, no
harmony in this troublesome hu-
man society can be achieved. It
is not an overstatement of the
fact, unfortunately, it is essentially
the roots of the crisis we have to
face today. However, we are ready
and would be glad to see some of
our friends to show their determi-
nation in achieving the goal, rid
themselves of being self-discrim-
inated, and to gain respect and
esteem before the worldwide audi-
ence.
-S. ing
Cease Fire . .
To the Editor:
agonal last week. This is quite a
feat considering that the YPA only
campaigned for two days. It is
the most successful petition drive
the organization has had in a
comparable period. It was en-
couraging to see new faces circu-
lating the petition for a cease fire
in Korea-many were not mem-
bers of the YPA.
I aided in soliciting signatures.
Most of those I approached were
very favorable. My batting aver-
age was 60%. I know of one chap
who got 80% of those he con-
tacted to sign the petition.
Nevertheless, I read our Michi-
gan Daily. and found a few writers
who don't approve of an immedi-
ate cease fire, but would rather
have Truman continue the war.
They think by some strange rea-
soning that war will bring the
Communists to our terms because
we are killing more Communists
than Communists are kilin us.
An interesting article appeared
in the Dec. 12 issue of the Ann Ar-
bor News entitled "1,300 UNlanes
Estimated Lost in Korean Fight-
ing." Quoting from it, " . . of
the total UN plane losses, 583 have
been destroyed in combat Com-
munists have lost at least 309
planes in combat. The enemy has
also suffered 95 probably losses."
This is an official Air Force re-
lease.
Even if we are able to make up
this difference by ground offen=.
sive (a debatable point), why must
the slaughter continue? Both sides
have agreed to the cease-fire line
if hostilities were ended. Can we
not settle outstanding difficulties
and stop the loss of American
lives-greater than all theatres
combined for the first 18 months
of World War XI?
A cease-fire is the first logical
step. It means peace. The alter-
native is a continued and costly
war with many casualties on both
sides.
-Gordon MacDougall
1.

r
i
{
s
e
i

.. ,MAGAZINES ...

TOMORROW readers will get a crack at
re-generated Generation.
In addition to being the first one of the
year, this Winter edition displays a new
orientation toward matter-of-factness that
to me, at any rate, is quite satisfying. Near-
ly gone is the appearance of conscious
artiness, a fault that has plagued the maga-
zine throughout its relatively short history,
and caused a sad shaking of heads in quar-
ters which are generally agreeable to crea-
tive endeavor.
The editors of Generation must be com-
mended for realizing the fault and, instead
of simply scoring the critics as Philistines,
taking intelligent and tasteful measures
to make their publication less blatant and
more appealing.
Beyond the restraint and care obviously
exercised in the layout, I was impressed by
the selection of material appearing in this
issue. It is almost consistently top-notch.
This seems significant in several ways:
first, that more good writing is making its
way to the Generation office, and, second,
that the editors have considered quality in
a more than superficial way. Esotericism
can no longer be held up as their only cri-
terion.
Generation leads off with a carefully
written article by William J. Hampton, pro-
ducer of Metamorphosis, concerning the
spiritual and physical trials involved in pro-
ducing a motion picture. Hampton's main
thesis-that the motion picture as an art
form has a logical place in a university-
has been talked about before, but never
with a movie to back up the words.
The critical study of a major writer is a
type of writing peculiarly-uited to the aca-
demic surroundings of a university, where
both greater and lesser minds spend consid-
erable time discussing the whys and where-
fores of men like E. E. Cummings and W. H.
Auden. But while Ted Solataroff and Saul
Gottlieb have both succeeded in penetrating
their subjects too far to be called superficial,
one gets the feeling that a four or five
page essay can scarcely encompass a study
of the depth they have attempted. Of the
two, Gottlieb's intense, somewhat super-in-
tellirent article is most at fault in this re-

here that makes them every bit as appeal-
Ing as those published last spring.
The gracious quality of Anne Stevenson's
"New Year's Eve" is a welcome change from
what I had come to expect in student poe-
try. So much of it-and several of the
other poems in this magazine are good ex-
amples-seem to be marked by a tense, neu-
rotic, hyperbolic character that in bulk as-
sumes the proportion of an affectation.
Fourteen pages are devoted to four mu-
sical compositions: tributes by four stu-
dent composers to the memory of Arnold
Schoenberg. I must end this on a sour
note I am afraid, by recording that I was
not too happily impressed by Robert O1-
son's verse play "Companeros." It is a
bit drab, and the verse is not good enough
to help much.
But that which is poor in this Generation
is not bad, and I must admit that that
which is good is extraordinary.
-Chuck Elliott

.4
..
t
s-I

Religious Survey

(Continued from Page 1)
the image of God. He is not merely a cog in
a vast machine, but is directed by a personal
God who is behind all the movement of the
universe.
However, the Lutherans do not believe
that God is nature, the seasons, nor the
planets. Any pantheistic conception of the
universe is rejected.
THE LUTHERANS want the knowledge
and benefit of Christ's redemption from sin
to be brought to man through the scriptures
and in the sacraments of baptism and the
Lord's Supper. Through these means God
actually bestows His forgiveness of sins.
By His redemptive work Christ is the
sacrifice for the sins of the whole world.
Therefore, forgiveness of sin has been se-
cured and provided for all men. To re-
ceive God's justification, the sinner must
accept by faith the basis of God's right-
eousness.
God's justice and mercy fused when Christ
haumn m-"/":-i - er+ + ... . naafl

THEY LOOK on faith as a dynamic pow-
er to follow through with good works. The
Lutherans believe that it is the primary pur-
pose of the church to bring each individual
to this positive Christian faith, and at the
same time expecting this individual to serve
effectvely as a Christian in his vocation, his
relation to society and to his state.
Joy and peace is a part of believing. This
peace and understanding can transcend
the circumstances of life so that those who
know and love Him will feel a joy and
understanding never felt before.
They also believe that theology should
be centered in God. The philosophers of re-
ligion are not entirely rejected, but are not
on a par vith God.
Today the Lutherans are the largest Pro-
testant groups in the world. They represent
85 million in the world, or nearly the equiva-
lent of all other Protestant faiths. At pre-
sent there are more than 6.5 million Luth-
erans in the United States.
Nearly all Lutheran bodies in the world

Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith........E.dCity Editor
Leonard Greenbaum. Editorial Director
Vern Emerson........Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts ............Associate Editor
flb Vaughn ...,......Associate Editor
Ted Papes....... .. ... Sports Editor
George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
Jan James ........... Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Miller.........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish..........Finance Manager
Stu Ward........ Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan. as second-class mail
matter.
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier. $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

.1
I.

BARNABY

'' RUL

I RUG

I~ I eseeing you, Spofty.]

You seem to know everyone
of importance, Mr. Baxfer. iI
Odd thatthe owner of the

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