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November 16, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-11-16

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r .


Campaign Issues

Trans lated

AN ASPECT of the 1952 presidential elec-
tion which is frequently neglected today
centers around Harry Truman's much-dis-
cussed but much misunderstood domestic
With the advent of the 'Fair Deal,' the
realm of government has been in theory
extended to many fields which it long
ignored. Republican statesmen challenge
the theory. And many Democrats are un-
decided about the whole thing.
Mr. Truman has not managed to push a
great many of his pet domestic projects
through Congress.s EPC has achieved some
progress; but it is still not in the form its
advocates wish.
The much-maligned Brannan Farm Plan
is still in abeyance. It is of course useless
from a short-range point of view. American
agriculture is enjoying its greatest period of
prosperity. From the long-range viewpoint,
some sort of government aid to agricul-
ture will be requisite if the nation is to have
an "ever-normal granary."
The health insurance plans have been
successfully lobbied into oblivion.
The clean-up of government on the fed-
eral level has t least reached the planning
stage. Waste has been eliminated in many
departments, although there is still enough
duplication of duties to make an efficiency
expert pale and sulk away.
How much weight will all these prob-
lems carry in the coming elections? With
the present great interest in foreign poli-
ties, it is likely that domestic affairs will
assume a secondary role in 1952. But to
the grass roots politician, they are still of
the utmost importance.
What do each of the parties stand to gain
in the field of domestic policy in the com-
ing election?
The Republicans can point to the apparent
failure of the Fair Deal as a practical pro-
gram. And they will undoubtedly argue that
if it had been adopted, it would form the
first step for a socialistic state.
The Democrats can point to the blocking
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.

of the most constructive domestic bills by
the conservative wing of the Republican
party. From the theoretical viewpoint, De-
mocratic arguments for the Fair Deal
should follow the pattern of former years.
They run along the lines that the United
States must provide the maximum secur-
ity for its people if the present high stand-
ard of living is to be maintained, and that
modified government assistance in many
walks of life is the best way of obtaining
that security.
Possibly the biggest issue in the domestic
field for 1952 will be an offshoot of foreign
policy problems. Internal Communism will
receive without a doubt a great deal of pub-
licity from Republican party workers.
The blatant attacks at Red influence in
government by Sen. Joseph McCarthy are
still a hot issue. They probably will remain so.
The result of these attacks has been gen-
erally destructive, not constructive. The De-
mocratic party has been hurt in the Middle
West by McCarthy's tirades, but on a nation-
wide basis it is likely that the Republican
party has been hurt even more.
The Communist issue has produced a
serious problem in American government.
The question arises in every government
worker's mind as to whether his definition
of loyalty coincides with, for instance, Col.
Robert R. McCormick's definition.
The people, too, in the private sense, have
felt the backwash of the red-baiting flood.
1952 may go down in history as the election
of trepidation. Convictions among liberals
(so-called) as to civil rights and educational
freedom are branded as 'pink' today whether
or not they have the faintest glimmering of
Marxist philosophy.
And the election campaigns should have
the aspect of a one-sided gang war, with
everybody attacking the left of center and
everybody avowing that he is right of center.
This aspect of fear in the treatment of
domestic policy looks to be the keynote of
the 1952 presidential and congressional
race, and on the basis of potential fear, the
Republicans seem to have more weapons in
the battle.
On most points Truman and the Demo-
crats have the more conclusive argument in
domestic affairs. But the Republicans in
1952 have one of their best opportunities to
play on the emotions of the American pub-
lic, and may well win out for that reason.
-George Flint

THE CASE for operas in English was per-
suasively set forth by the New York City
Opera Company's presentation of "The
Marriage of Figaro" in Detroit Wednesday
The big advantage of opera in English is,
of course, that it breaks down the most im-
posing obstacle separating operatic tradition
from a restless public-inability to follow the
plot. While the music, which is after all the
chief justification of opera, can carry most
operatic passages without assistance from
any linguistic meanings, the long recitatives,
especially in such an opera as "Figaro," must
be understandable if an evening at the opera
is to be anything but a cramped obligation.
Other than burying one's nose in a libretto
for half the performance there is no other
way to grasp the often intricate sequence of
evens than to hear the opera done in a
familiar tongue.
The chief responsibility for the success
of this venture into the unconventional lies
with the translators, who must necessarily
approach their work liberally. In "Figaro,"
for instance, unimportant numbers which
literally mean "five," "ten," and so on are
translated as "seven," "fourteen," to make
them more singable. The translators made
no effort to be pompous, as "Figaro" is
more effectively done in a colloquial style.
While in most translations Bartolo's aria
concerns "vengeance," this particular one
termed his motive "getting even." These
are small but noteworthy characteristics
of a translation which proved "Figaro" to
be a humorous, burlesque, wholly enter-
taining affair.
"The Marriage of Figaro" is not the only
opera that would be more effective sung in
English. Wednesday's production was simply
an outstanding example of what can be done
with an adaptable opera by efficient imagi-
native musicians and linguists. It also serves
as a representative of the "progressive move-
ment" in opera, led by such men as Rudolph
Bing of the Metropolitan Opera Company,
who have been forced by diminishing ticket
sales if not by esthetic motives to shake out
an art that has long been packed away.
-Virginia Voss

Toward Bigger Heartbreak Ridges'
tette,'4~~ TOTEEIO
generl intrestand wll pulish ll lttrs hiSQch" a, re signed by terite '.r
liblou leter, ad lttes w ich;for ay reanr e not in goo-:taste wiu
s s
' 4
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Getters exceeding 300 words in length. defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

centuates the hypocrisy and "care-
less" use of terms.
James seems to share his broth-
er's taste for evasive language. He
says: "someone accusing an op-
ponent of McCarthyism instead of
Communism." Does he mean ac-
cusing a person of McCarthyism
instead, of accusing a person of
Communism, or does he mean ac-
cusing a person who does not op-
pose Communism but does oppose
Someone made a vicious unsup-
ported attack upon Miss Grable
and Hollywood. He was challeng-
ed. The only defense has been a
feeble effort to dismiss the matter
as a joke.
-Robert Davidson
(EDITOR'S NOTE: James was not
trying to defend John who has not
yet been heard from on this matter.)
* * *
'.U' Paternalism .. .
To the Editor:
E WOULD appreciate recogni-
tion of this letter since the
majority of those which you pub-
lish always seem to criticize rather
than praise the University.
In regard to M. J. Jacobson's let-
ter on "U" Paternalism of Novem-
ber 13, we feel that Miss Jacobson
has overlooked the purposes be-
hind University regulations. It is
not the sole aim of the University
to hem in its students, but on
the contrary, to insure their wel-
fare and protect University prop-
erty. Itvis part of the function of
the University to teach its students
to uphold the statutes of their state
and country. Permitting students
underage to drink is in direct op-
position to this policy. As for the
wild beer parties, in every society'
there are those who break the
laws, but this does not mean the
University should sanction such'
In regard to dormitories, the
administration tries to make them
as pleasant as possible. Smoking
is prohibited in lounges to protect
furnishings, keep the floors clean
and the air pure. Students go to
the library because of its extensive
facilities, and to the League for
socializing, not to escape from
the dormitory.
Miss Jacbsson will find that sex
is a natural phenomenon and that
the "pre-closing time dorm ses-
sions" exist on every campus, whe-
ther in cars or on dorm porches.
This brings up the controversial
question of cars on campus. First
and foremost, there are no park-
ing facilities to accommodate stu-
dent cars. Furthermore, the pro-
hibiting of student owned cars re-
duces "cut-throat competition" in
dating. Have you ever visited a
campus where the "car" deter-
mines the popularity of the owner?
In conclusion, the only sugges-
tion we have to make to M. J.
Jacobson is that if she thinks
w il~ilillil W i ll

that drinking and sex are the only
outlets for tension, she would do
well to cultivate new interests.
--Barbara Budson
Isabel Cohen
* * *
Inter-Arts tnion.. .
To the Editor:

South's Progress .. .
To the Editor:



IN MY FIRST communication to
this paper I wished only to ex-
plain the reasons for differences in
Northern and Southern opinion;
only to illustrate that cultural cir-
cumstances often demand differ-
ent methods in approaching a spe-
cific problem. I had wished to
avoid, as much as possible the ap-
pearance of argumentation, for the
heat of argumentative interaction
often dulls our reason. I now urge
this truth upon the participants in
our controversy. Remember that
we are not dealing with the justice
of likes and dislikes or with our
personal opinions of the societies
and areas in question; rather we
are dealing' with conditions that
exist regardless of that justice or
those opinions. Our ideas are valid
only if they can be applied to the


Washington Merry-Go-Round

Architecture Auditoritmm
with Humphrey Bogart and Walter Hus-


WASHINGTON-What General Eisenhow-
er said to Senator Duff, after Ike let
him down by saying he hadn't "heard from
Senator Duff directly or indirectly for a
long time" is one of the most speculated
questiobs in Washington. It's like the debate
over what the Governor of South Caroling,
said to the Governor of North Carolina.
However, part of what Ike told the aun
burn-haired Senator from Pennsylvania,
briefly summarized, was this: "I'm sorry.
I never had so many questions coming at
me all at once and I didn't realize what
I was saying until it slipped out."
The two men completely patched things
up, and Eisenhower retrieved his fumble at
a subsequent press conference by indicating
that he had no objection to the, operations
of friends who "have been my friends for so
long they believe they know how I would
* * *


THE GHOSTS OF past Hill Auditorium
performances by Caruso, Trubell and
the Boston Symphony probably turned over
in their graves last night when the "Biggest
Show of 1951" backed by Duke Ellington's
orchestra turned staid-old Hill into a near
relative of Detroit's Avenue Theatre. If
variety is the spice of life, on-lookers got a
hot bowl of chili as a series of fat men, belly
dancers, singers, gymnastic comedians and
one-legged dancers paraded across the stage.
Of the Duke's band, one thing can be
said: It was disappointing. Minus his old
aggregation of Cootie Williams, ,Johnny
Hodges, Sonny Greer and others, it just
wasn't the band that made fame for the
Duke. Missing is the precision work and
phrasing of the reed section, the preval-
ence of the gutteral brass and the weird
tonal and harmonic color for which Elling-
ton is famous. He did come through with
some of these characteristics in "Caravan"
and in the backing for other variety num-
bers, but never sufficiently to overcome
the ragged job that prevailed.
Sarah Vaughan and Nat Cole did live up
expectations. Miss Vaughan's warm, sensuous
voice seems to have a tremendous potential
power-never quite unleashed. Characteristic
of her style is an instrumental-like-voicej
which often renders a word unidentifiable

tors left for home last month without paying
up their bills at the Senate dining room. On
top of this, Nation-Wide Food Service, which
runs the dining room, has been trying to
collect some senatorial bills for six months
to a year. Senators just don't pay easily. The
list of senatorial deadbeats has been turned
over to the senate rules committee, but it is
better guarded than any secret regarding the
atom bomb. I can report, however that one
senator is carried' on the cuff for $500;
another, defeated in 1950, still hasn't paid
his bill.r
free-enterprise system-and small busi-
nessmen in particular-took it on the chin
again when the Justice Department's anti-
trust division was forced by congressional
penny-pinching to fire 25 per cent of its
total professional staff. This cut will tie
the hands of the trust-busters at a time
when the nation's largest corporations are
becoming so fat with dettense contracts
they threaten to drive thousands of small
businessmen to the wall. Man chiefly
responsible for the attack on the trust-
busters is Congressman John Rooney of
Brooklyn, Democrat.
New York dock strikers didn't halt military
shipments, Pentagon planners are worried
that some future strike will. They plan a
new government organization composed of
longshoremen and stevedores, who will be
regular government civil service employees-
like postmen-and thus not permitted to
strike. The Pentagon believes this will insure
protection for military supplies in the event
of future labor trouble on. the waterfront.
, , *
complete political backing, if Egypt will
organize the Arab states into an all-out cold
war against Britain. This proposal was made
by the Polish minister to Egypt, Jan Dra-
hojowski, to the Secretary-General of the
Arab League, Azzam Pasha. .. . Prime Min-
ister Churchill ignored the advice of the
American Embassy when he suggested
another Big 4 meeting. The American Em-
bassy got wind of Churchill's speech and
tried to head it off, feeling that a Big 4
meeting would only put us in the hole.
Churchill, however, went ahead with his
speech exactly as he had written it, while
U.S. Ambassador Gifford sizzled .. . . The
Egyptian press is flooded with pictures show-
ing alleged Egyptian citizens behind barbed
wire in British concentration camps. Truth
is that the nictures were taken in Malaya--

THREE YEARS AGO, Warner Brothers
tried to sneak ths one out of the back
door, only to learn, when the reviews came
out, that they were stuck with a work of
art. At that time, it was a little late to get
their ponderous publicity machine into mo-
tion and a lot of people inadvertently missed
an extremely fine movie.
It is possible, even now, to see how the
Warners missed the mark originally. Built
in the framework of the run-of-the-mill
Western, the picture, on the surface, de-
velops the two great themes of the West-
ern: man against the elements and man
against other men. When it adds a third,
however, man against his own evil na-
ture, it endows the other two themes with
wide dimension and gives point to the de-
velopment of all three of the fundamental
"Treasure of the Sierra Madre" has been
called an adventure fable. It is a fable not'
only because it draws an easy moral, but
more important because it has the vital
unity of a fable. It transcends the mere pic-
turesque from the start. Its adventure ele-
ment is a carefully disciplined ingredient.
Its violence is measured, allowed to erupt
only with the larger, more organized pur-
pose in mind. B
John Huston shows here, more clearly
than anywhere else in his work as a director,
his ability to unify a complex and diversi-
fied plot. As he did in "The Maltese Falcon"
and "The Asphalt Jungle," he makes mean-
ingful use of minor characters. Just as
Greenstreet stole the former film and Sam
Jaffe the latter in colorful supporting char-
acterizations, Walter Huston walks off with
this one. Since it is Huston's canny apprais-
al, however, that penetrates the whole plot,
the weight of his portrayal seems relatively
less topheavy than the similar performances
of Jaffe and Greenstreet.
In the starring role, Humphrey Bogart is
uneven. Because his talent is really too
confined, he does not sufficiently distin-
guish the normal ambitions and enthu-
siasms of the character at the beginning
of the picture from the psychotic lust at
the end. His death scene is dominated
completely by Alfonso Bedoya as the Mexi-
can bandit. The grisly comedy of the last
ten minutes of the picture, climaxing in
the hysterical laughing jag, is incidentally
among the deftest examples of technique
in the history of movie-making.
With it, John Huston keynotes the climax
of a solid dramatic structure. He has moved
into the front rank of writer-directors on the
basis of this production.
-Bill Wiegand

Let me be the last to condemn the
ideal of equal opportunity for all.
Our differences lie, not in the ulti-
mate aim, but in the method for
its attainment. Before the Civil
War the North enjoyed over two
hundred years of homogeneous so-
ciety, a condition which the South-
ern system did not allow. Southern
opportunity for homogeneity came
with emancipation by force, an ac-
tion hardly calculated to alter the
thinking of the Southern people.
As a consequence, the South has
been faced with the problem of in-
troducing this homogeneity under
conditions which did not favor it.
Even so, the South of its own ac-
cord has made considerable pro-
gress in overcoming the difficulty.
Our impatience must not impair
our judgment.
One fact is evident: enough of
the old system remains in the
character of the Southern people
to stimulate their violent rejection
of legislated civil rights, if that
legislation is forced upon them
from a higher level. The surest way
to anhihilate every interracial ad-
vance the South has made is to
use coercion. Time is not being us-
ed as an excuse for persecution. It
is a requirement of social evolu-
tion, which is far preferable to so-
cial revolution. Our ideals must be
realized from within, if they are
ever to be secured.
-Richard Allen LaBarge
* * *
American Education*...
To the Editor:
N YOUR editorial concerning an
article, "Democracy and the
Teachers in the United States," in
the Manchester Guardian Weekly,
you criticized the stand taken by'
Bertrand Lord Russell, perhaps
quite rightly. It is unfortunate that
the people of England are given
such a poor and misconstrued con-
ception of American education,
because of Lord Russell's rather
harsh and far-fetched treatment
of an article written by an Indiana
Superintendent of Schools. In a
letter addressed to Lord Russell, in
this weeks Manchester Guardian,
two Americans ably expressed the
fact that all our schools are not
'propaganda mills" nor is the opin-
ion of one man* binding upon all
American schools.
However, I believe that we can
not altogether condemn Lord Rus-
sell, because examination of the

text of the Superintendent's mes-
sage shows more than words
couched in innocent terms. While
the Superintendent indicates that
indoctrination is not the American
way of education he states that it
is now necessary to indoctrinate
our young people because other
countries are doing it. We in the
United States are proud of our
democratic heritage and prouder
because we do not have to resort to
indoctrination. Academic freedom
implies the right to teach both
sides of an issue. Our educators
need not indoctrinate, but rather
show our youth what exists in the
world. No American, young or old,
can fail, after examining and com-
paring the difference between one
system whereby a people are bound
in the chains of totalitarianism
and gagged by the threat of a se-
cret police, and the liberties and
freedoms which are enjoyed in
democratic nations. However, we
must be free to examine and com-
Sir, it is the truth which has
made America a government of the
people and not what a superinten-
dent or any official labels as the
truth, or an "American" definition
of a term or word which changes
its meaning in every generation.
Let us not forget that the Ameri-
can definition of "democracy" was
not very different from "radical"
or "Jacobin" in 1795. Thus it is
the duty of our educators to cause
their students to think and arrive
at their own conclusions rather
than present digested definitions
labeled, THE TRUTH.
-Paul Flanzer
* * *
Briley's Family...
To the Editor:
THAT'S WHAT I like about The
Daily, its educational value.
I'm delighted to learn that James
Briley has known his brother for
twenty-four years. Perhaps he
can tell us John's age.
I suggested that John Briley
support his position or shut up.
James, who has known him much
longer, goes even further and says
that the silencing of his brother
would improve campus morality.
I hope it will not be considered
immodest of me to point out that
Mr. Briley erred in accusing Robert
of accusing John of accusing only
Hollywood. If Mr. Briley will check
his inventory, he will find that he
omitted the L. of D. Be more thor-
ough, James. Tut! Tut!
It's interesting to know that
James agrees with me that Miss
Grable can do many things that
she does not do in the films. How-
ever, that is no answer to the
charge that John Briley presented
a list of things he said Miss Grable
could do and created the impres-
sion that these were representative
of an average Betty Grable movie,
although brother John lacked the
courage to make a direct charge.
I appreciate James' recognition
of Miss Grable's charms, in his re-
ference to her humility. Miss
Grable's worth is what makes her
humility so beautiful. Certainly,
James doesn't suggest that a per-
son cannot be credited with humil-
ity simply because she is beautiful,
talented, and popular.
Thank you, James Briley, for
confirming my suspicion concern-
ing the source of John's knowledge
qf "bumps and grinds." This ac-

In a university as large and as
active as this one, opportunities
for students to rub noses with the
arts are overwhelming. As a mat-
ter of fact, in following the never-
ceasing series of concerts, plays,
lectures and art exhibits, we some-
times wonder if perhaps our noses
aren't being rubbed in them. How-
ever it is, we've got to admit that
life is pretty exciting, and that a
good part of this excitement comes
from us, the students. It must. We
are the people who are writing
poetry and music for the first
time, acting, dancing, playing in-
struments, seriously thinking of
these things as possible profes-
sions. If we can't be excited, who
It is nearly impossible to count
up the various student art groups
on campus. There are The Student
Players, The Gilbert and Sullivan
Society, the dance clubs, the Goth-
ic Film Society and so it goes. The
Inter-Arts Union and "Genera-
tion" differ slightly from these in
that they serve principally the cre-
ative artist rather than the inter-
preter. Both IAU and "Generation"
exist to produce and publish stu-
dent works, and to encourage writ-
ers, artists and composers,
Unfortunately, and I think in
part due to the unwibldy size of
the student body, many have either
not heard of these organizations,
or only heard them mentioned as
vague campus activities promoted
by a few intense, "arty" people. We
who are working with IAU and
Generation are very anxious to
make them representative of the
University of Michigan as a whole.
To do this,,we are holding an open
forum, or if that sounds too for-
mal, an open jam session on Tues-
day, Nov. 20 at 7:30, in the League
ABC room. There we will try to
explain our policies, ask for criti-
cism and suggestions and answer
any questions that are asked. We
urge everyone, students and fac-
ulty, to come suggest, criticize and
damn as you wish. We want to
know what you think of "Genera-
tion." If you have ideas for change
and improvement, how you think
they might be put through? If you
have suggestions for the coming
Inter-Arts Festival in March, tell
us! This is your business as much
as ours. Everyone come!
-Anne Stevenson,
President, IAU
rather than five thousand su-
perficially, we shall have pushed
back by just so far the frontier of
-Nathaniel Peffer
OF EDUCATION there are as
many definitions as there are
educators; the groves of academe
are noisy with imagination.
-Hamilton Basso




(Continued from Page 2)
are broadcast on the Voice of America
to foreign countries. Subjects for dis-
Kashmir Dispute-Nov. i6.
=Life In the U.S.=-Nov. 23.
Marriage and Courtship Customs -
Nov. 30.
Students interested in participating
on the programs may contact Hiru
Shah, Moderator of the Roundtable, Ph.
wesleyan Guild: Meet at the Guild
at 7:30 p.m. to attend "Ruddigore" in
a group.
S.L. International Relations Commit-
tee: Meeting, 3:30 p.m. at the S.L.
Building, 122 Forest Ave. All interest-
ed are urged to attend.
Intercollegiate Zionist Federation of
America (IZFA). Executive Board meet-
ing, 3:15 p.m., Room 3D, Union.
Hillel: Friday evening services at
Lane Hall, Upper Room, 7:45 p.m. After
services the Hillel Drama Group will
present "The Life of Hyman Kaplan."
Everyone is welcome.
Newman Club. A "Sadie Hawkins Par-
ty" in the clubroom of Saint Mary's
Chapel, 8-12 midnight. Square danc-
ing, round dancing, and refreshment,
*All Catholic students and their friends
are invited.
Coming Events
Carleton College.
Everyone who has attended or taught
at Carleton College in Northfield, Min-
nesota, is invited to meet in the Wo-
men's League from 3-5 p.m. Sunday,
Nov. 18.
Graduate Outing Club.
Meetat the rear of the Rackham
Building at 2 p.m., Sun., Nov. 18. Hik-
ing and games.
Hillel: Grad-Undergrad Mixer at the
Alpha Epsilon Phi House, 407 North
Ingalls at 7:30 p.m., Sun., Nov. 18.
Everyone is welcome.
Hillel: Bridge Party Sun., Nov. 18 at
the Kappa Nu House, 805 Oxford.'Every-
one is welcome.



Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Chuck Elliott,.........Managing Editor
Bob Keith.................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts . ...........Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ..........Associate Editor
Ted Papes..............Sports Editor
George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
Jan James........Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Miller .........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish ........... Finance Manager
Stu Ward ........Circulation Manager
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entitled to the use for republication
or all news dispatches credited to It or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan. as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.






The Professor's superhuman intelligence
just happened to evolve on his planet in
,.n a hr 4 A - - hc n a nvrn .

He'll soon realize his humorous mistake,
m'boy, and turn to your Fairy Godfather-



Domesticated, and with their
power of speech, you must-find
L - ._




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