T H E MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1951
By CHUCK ELLIOTT
T USUALLY takes a particular case to
bring a poor policy into the open. And
when particular cases are involved, fair ex-
amination of the lame policy rapidly de-
generates into personal, confused crimina-
tion and recrimination.
The case of Ted Topor and the eligibility
requirements is no exception.
When the athletic eligibility committee
decided last week to let Topor play foot-
ball despite his sub-two point average,
there was a few days lull. But discontent
had been brewing before among faculty
members who realized the situation, and
this seemed to be an excellent excuse to
crystallize it. On Thursday night the
news came out-the Literary College fac-
ulty had unanimously requested that a
letter of protest against the eligibility set-
up be issued.
So the issue was joined. On one hand
stands Topor, whose only actual concern is
that he happens to be the goat, a rather
famous one, to be sure, because of his extra-
curricular prominence. On the other is the
understandable indignation of a group of
professors faced with a contradictory code.
As we see it, the problem to be discussed
not is the one brought forth by the faculty.
Topor's case cannot be broken down into
the simple elements necessary for it to serve
as a typical, or representative issue.
We assume that eligibility requirements in
themselves constitute a wise principle, since
students who are incapable of maintaining
a reasonable scholastic average should not
be permitted to use potential study time for
other activities. This has proved itself
through the years, and, despite occasional
aberancies, has been generally adhered to.
We also assume that athletics are an extra-
curricular activity, though some thoroughly
immersed athletes might disagree.
Students wishing to work on The Daily,
another accepted extra-curricular activity,
must have thgeir records checked each se-
mester by the office of student affairs. If
their average falls below "C", they are
termed ineligible, and are expected to quit
fooling around with activities and hit the
books. The same goes for any other extra-
curricular project-except athletics.
The athlete whose average falls below "C"
may appeal to a committee made up of
members of the Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Activities. Aside from the anomaly
of having a separate committee in the first
place, the standards used by this committee
in determining eligibility seem to be some-
what different than those of the general
Office of Student Affairs. Whether or not
these standards are legitimate is beside the
point; it is also somewhat irrelevant to
speculate on whether it is easier for an
athlete to be declared eligible than for an
ordinary student. Nevertheless, while ath-
letes must have certain requirements to
meet according to Big Ten rules, there is no
reason why the usual regulations need be
sloughed off in return, as they apparently
are in some cases.
The most probable thing to be done would
be to incorporate the two eligibility boards
into one. Otherwise, it seems quite logical
to suggest that the Board in Control of Stu-
dent Publications be allowed to set up their,
own eligibility panel with their own rules,
and so on down the line. The functions of'
the existing eligibility boards should at
least be made to jibe, if the principle is
worth enforcing at all. Eligibility must be
a stated quality or nothing. It is nothing
unless consistently determined.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: SID KLAUS
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
S oviet A-Bomb
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
IT SEEMED LIKE a rare coincidence Wed-
nesday when Bobby Thomson's explosion
at the Polo Grounds came simultaneously
with the White House announcement that
Russia had set off another Atomic bomb.
The wiseacres had a field day about it.
There was, however, a truly significant
coincidence about the timing of Russia's
It came Just as the British election cam-
paign was being launched, and while diplo-
mats were trying to make the last organiza-
tional arrangements for the defense of West-
Russia's Atomic power has come to hold
a deep meaning for London officialdom and
the British people. It embodies the realiza-
tion that in any future war Britain lies hor-
ribly open to atomic attack.
That is why the left wingers of the
British Labor Party can make cooperation
with America-which they claim will lead
to war-a major issue in the election.
Announcement of the new explosion will
enhance this feeling in Britain.
Some United Nations diplomats even
speculated that the Russian's timed their
latest experimental explosion for such pur-
Germany is in the midst of bargaining for
as many allied concessions as possible in re-
turn for her participation in the new Euro-
CHANCELLOR Harvie Branscomb of Van-
derbilt University has come up with;
some rather convincing remedies designed to
"de-emphasize" college football.
Apparently influenced by Al Jackson's
"Too Much Football" and John Derek's
poignant role as the mistreated "Satur-
day's Hero," Branscomb put forth the
1. Elimination of spring practice; 2. Eli-
mination of bowl games; 3. Reduction in
the number of football scholarships; 4. Li-
mitation of intercollegiate sports to bone'
fide college students; 5. Elimination of un-
limited substitutions, which result in un-
natural specialization; and 6. Elimination of
special funds for current athletic support,
"whether from race tracks or alumni."
Essentially, Branscomb's panaceas seem to
be recognizing clearly the problems of big-
time football, and probably everyone will
agree that they have a measure of merit in
them. But it's very questionable whether
the country's football powers will ever rec-
ognize the feasibility of Branscomb's pro-
For the very nature of big-time football
-and the commercialism behind it-prp-
eludes any possibility that the sport will
be de-emphasized. The stakes are high.
The gate's the thing. Pressed by the "dog-
valry for gate receipts, the nation's insti-
tutions are more likely to continue their
shady practices and to violate the Sanity
Code, whether restated and revised, as
Branscomb has done.
Actually, Branscomb's proposals are noth-
ing but another statement of ideals, and
standing alone, are feeble and innocuous.
Nothing is going to prevent the subsidiza-
tion of athletes or the two-platoon system
when so much depends on the gate.
Neither does the solution lie in the com-
plete elimination of America's greatest
sport-which is enjoyed by the players in-
dividually and by the fans vicariously. For
such a radical move would wipe out the bet-
ter aspects of the sport along with its evils.
Nor is Jackson's plan to popularize intra-
mural sports a way out. Intercollegiate foot-
ball is here to stay.
Any really effective reform should take
into consideration the pigskin gate, source
of the perennial problems and maladjust-
ments which are part and parcel of the
An ideal reform would be to de-emphasize
the importance of the large gate receipts
being drawn in by football. As it is, here
at the University too much importance is
placed on the turnstiles clicking to the tune
of $1,000,000 each year.
It's quite conceivable that if the State
Legislature, in its annual allotment of a bud-
get to the University, were more generous,
we wouldn't have to depend so greatly on the
An additional grant from the legislature
each year would serve the purpose of sup-
porting the University's intramural and in-
tercollegiate athletics, which are now sup-
ported by football receipts.
On the other hand, even this solution
is fallible, for if other state legislatures
followed suit, each year's football season
would be wrought with political tinges
with coaches perched in state capitals.
Undoubtedly, the football problem poses
one of the most touchy dilemmas in Ameri-
can history. One wonders if there is a solu-
"Double Or Nothing"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
2552 Administration Building before
3 p.m. the day preceding publication
(11 a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 195'
VOL. LXII, NO. 11
Applications for grants in support of
Faculty members, who wish to apply
for grants from the Research Funds
to support research projects during the
next fiscal year, should file their ap-
plications in the Office of the Gradu-
ate School by Sat., Oct. 13. Applica-
tion forms will be mailed or can be
obtained at 1006 Rackham Building,
Rhodes Scholarships. There will be a
meeting of all those interested in
Rhodes Scholarships on Mon., Oct. 8,
4:15 p.m., 2013 Angell Hall. Application
for Rhodes Scholarships will be due
(Rm. 2026 A.H.) Oct. 19.
"'o Student Drivers: No driving per-
rits, whether special or exempt, are
parking permits. They do not entitle
the holders to ;the privilege of using
Universityrestricted parking areas.
Will those students who have left
their permit application or sticker in
the Automobile Regulations Office,
please claim them immediately. Driv-
ing rxegulations are now in force and
are being violated if stickers are not
Attention Rushing Chairmen: Final
rushing lints can be picked up this
weekend on the IFO office door-Union,
Botany 1 Make-up Examination for
students who missed the final in June
will be given at 4 p.m., Fri., Oct. 12,
2033 Natural Science.
English 280 will meet, beginning on
Friday, in 3217 Angell Hall, 4-6 p.m.
FRESHMAN HEALTH LECTURES
First Semester 1951-52
It is a University requirement that
ail entering Freshman, including vet-
erans, attend a series of lectures on
Personal and Community Health and
pass an examination on the content
of these lectures. Transfer students
with freshman standing (less than 30
hrs. credit) are also required to take'
the course unless they have had a
similar course elsewhere which has
been accredited here.
Upperclassmenl who were here as
freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to d so
The lectures will be given in the
Natural Science Auditorium at 4, 5
and 7:30 p.m. as per the following
Lecture No. Day Date
1 Mon. Oct. 8
2 Tues. Oct. 9
3 Wed. Oct. 10
4 Thurs. Oct. 11
3 Mon. Oct. 15
6 Tues. Oct. 16
7 (Final exam) Wed. Oct. 17
You may attend at any of the above
hours. Enrollment will take place at
the first lecture. Please note that at-
tendance is required.
Warren E. Forsythe, M.D.
' University Health Service
.Congregational-Disciples Guild: Foot-
ball Open House following the game at
the Guild House, 438 Maynard Street.
Newman Club will hold a Latin Am-
erican party from 8 to 12 midnight,
Sat., Oct. 6, basement of Saint Mary's
Chapel. Latin American dancing and
entertainment. Ali Catholic students
and their friends are invited.
Wesleyan Guild: Hamburger Fry, at
the Guild Saturday afternoon, follow-
ing the football game.
Saturday Luncheon Discussion Group:
Lane Hall, 12:15 p.m. Miss Marilyn Pat-
terson will discuss German Workcamps
and Students. Reservations will be ac-
cepted at Lane Hall up to 10 a.m.,
By STEWART ALSOP
P ARIS - On a recent visit to Paris, Mr.
Winston Churchill had a number of con-
versations with French leaders. They de-
scribed to him the plans now being worked
out for a European army. Mr. Churchill's
response, according to reliable reports, was
one of intense surprise. "But that is not what
I meant at all," he said repeatedly, "not
what I meant at all."
This reaction on the part of the great
English leader, who is himself the god-
father of the European union idea, was
natural enough. For it is a reasonable
guess that what Mr. Churchill has had in
mind all along is a sort of grand Euro-
pean coalition, with England at its head.
And both the French leaders and the men
in Gen. Eisenhower's headquarters here
are now talking very seriously and with
apparent conviction about something a
great deal more far-reaching than this.
It is surprising, for example, to hear a
man like Mr. Jean Monnet, the chief French
planner, remark calmly, "Oh, yes, we shall
have a United States of Europe by 1953." It
is usually best to disregard such sweeping
statements entirely. But Mr. Monnet is any-
thing but a fool, and he has a way of seeing
at least some of his plans-like the Schuman
plan for pooling continental coal and steel,
of which he was a principal author--come
at least partially true.
In a way, it is even more surprising to
hear American professional soldiers, includ-
ing Gen. Eisenhower, talking with the ear-
nestness of new converts about the need for
a common European effort, in the military
and all other fields. Eisenhower and his most
brilliant subordinates have become con-
vinced that real European military strength
simply cannot be built on the basis of indi..
vidual national effort. The heart of the com-
mon European defense system, they believe,
must be a French-German marriage, which
the Schuman plan is to make possible, and
the European army to make permanent.
THE DISTINCTLY revolutionary implica-
tions of these ideas are accepted both in
the French government and at SHAPE--
rather blandly accepted, it sometimes seems
to the newcomer. For what is involved is a
profound change in the whole political and
economic structure of Europe.
An end to national armies means an end
to national foreign policies, since military
strength is the essential instrument of
national sovereignty. Moreover, the crea-
tion of a European army would mean that
a third or more of the national budgets of
each nation would be contributed to an
army controlled by no nation. Thus a
European foreign ministry and a Euro-
pean finance ministry are, as men like
French Prime Minister Rene Pleven re-
cognize, the logical next step to the Euro-
pean defense ministry already contem-
plated in the European army plan.
In fact, a European army simply will not
work unless there exists a supra-national
European authority empowered to make in-
dependent decisions. Thus, as both the
French leaders and the planners in SHAPE
readily agree, the Enropean army plan can
only function within the framework ,of a
real European federation.
R " *
ALL THIS SOUNDS suspiciously like wish-
ful nonsense, like an attempt to substi-
tute large, inexpensive ideas for large, ex-
pensive armies. And nonsense is precisely
what it may turn out to be in the end. Al-
though there is certainly growing strength
behind the European union idea here in
France, there are also powerful forces, in-
cluding both the Communists and the de
Gaullists, which will do everything possible
to obstruct and reverse the trend.
Moreover, it takes two to make a mar-
riage. It remains to be seen just how po-
litically practical the European army plan
is in Germany, where this reporter goes
next. And finally, all recent history clear-
ly suggests that the practical hurdles are
too high. Even such modest experiments
as the Benelux union have ended in fail-
ure. It is very hard to believe that the
European army proposal (which in fact
started as a simple French tactic for de-
laying the creation of a German national
army) can really lead on to a united Eu-,
Yet Gen. Eisenhower and his chief plan-
ners believe that it can and that it must.
Already, this conviction is having rather
startling effects. Obstacles which seemed in-
surmountable before Eisenhower "bought"
the European army idea have shown a ten-
dency to- melt away. The French, for ex-
ample, are now ready to agree to operation-
ally independent national units of 12,000
men in the European army, and thus a ra-
tional solution to a vexed question is in
sight. Other vexed questions, like the identi-
ty of the commander in the transition per-,
iod (it will probably be Eisenhower himself)
and the national contributions in men and
in money, are near to solution.
Certainly there is a great gulf between this
sort of preliminary paper agreement and the
giving up of huge chunks of national sover-
eignty. But it does begin to seem just bare-
ly possible that American leadership on the
one hand, and the fear of Russia on the
other, may supply the missing ingredient
which will transform an ancient dream into
reality. It may even be that Mr. Jean Mon-
net is right, at least in principle, and that
Western Europe has reached, almost un-
noticed, a great turning point in history.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
Vshin 1tan Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Conscientious Gen. Omar Bradley was cross-ex-
amined by friends of General MacArthur in a closed-door session
of the Armed Services Committee the other day as to why the Air
Force recently bombed Rashin near the Siberian border-the same
city which MacArthur was ordered not to bomb.
Bradley also warned senators during the same meeting that
the big public hullabaloo about secret weapons might be danger-
ous, since development of these weapons was "four, five or six
years away.'' 4
The chief quizzing of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
was conducted by Sen. Harry Cain, Republican of Washington.
"This is where I came in," observed Cain, when Bradley explained
that General Ridgway's orders were still the same about bombing
Manchuria as those given to MacArthur.
Cain countered by reminding General Bradley that MacArthur
had been forbidden to bomb Rashin, a transportation center on the
Korean-Siberian border. Cain asked why these orders had now been
Bradley replied that the MacArthur hearings naturally had
been read in the Kremlin, and as a result, Red army leaders were
convinced Rashin was absolutely safe. Therefore, they had built
up huge supplies with no protection whatsoever.
The reason MacArthur had been ordered not to bomb Rashin still
held, Bradley explained-namely, that it was only 20 miles from the
Russian border and we didn't want to take the risk of overshooting
into Siberia. Therefore, the Air Force was ordered to bomb Rashin
in clear weather at a low altitude, and by visual recognition, not in-
struments. The result was heavy enemy destruction.
. * * *
- RUSSIAN AIR SUPERIORITY --
BRADLEY also told senators that the biggest threat to U.N. force
was still the Russian Air Force. Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon
asked whether we could hold our air superiority if Russia got into the
war. Bradley replied with a flat no, stressed that Russia has air su-
On the ground, Bradley predicted a winter stalemate with
neither side strong enough to wage a successful offensive. He
said our plan was to stay on the "active defense," harass the en-
emy and wipe out as many Chinese as possible. He seemed pes-
simistic about the truce talks.
Senator Russell of Georgia pointed out that the public has been
encouraged to pin its faith on new, mighty weapons with the power
to achieve "fantastic results."
Bradley replied that the defense department is working on such
weapons, but warned that they are "four, five or six years away."
Decrying the talk about secret weapons, he warned that such talk is
a disservice to the public. The armed services aren't able to "per-
form miracles," said infantryman Bradley, and urged Chairman Rus-
sell to issue a statement, playing down the importance of secret wea-
The Graduate Outing Club will meet
at 2 p.m., Sunday, behind the Rack-
ham Building foa an outing including
hiking,- ball games, and a picnic sup-
per at Kent Lake.
American Chemical Society, Student
Affiliate meeting. Mon., Oct. 8. 7:30
p.m., Rm. 1300 Chemistry Bldg. Dis-
cussion of year's plans, program of
movies :Origin and Synthesis of Plas-
tic Materials" and "Copper Mining,
Smelting, and Refining." Refresh-
TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communica-
tions from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish allt
letters which are signed by the writerE
and in good taste. Letters exceeding1
S300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which forY
Sany reason are not in good taste will1
be condensed, edited or withheld from
publication at the discretion of the1
To the Editor:
I WAS extremely pleased to find
in this column a voice insist-
ent enough to give expression to
the considerable demand for the1
Dance on this campus. I, too, and
many of my friends, have felt
cheated in this regard and wish'
to second the motion that Dance
artists be brought to Ann Arbor.
A good many years ago, the Dance
had considerable recognition at
Michigan both as an active and
spectator art. Why it has fallen
into oblivion I do not know, but I
appeal to all who feel as I do, to
voice their interest. Only in this
manner shall we ever be privi-
leged enough to see such fine
artists as Jose Limon, Martha
Graham or the Ballet Theatre in
our otherwise so art-conscious
For all those interested in par-
ticipating in this thoroughly en-
joyable creative art, the following
dance activities welcome both
men and women with and without
1. Modern Dance Class (Adult
Recreation Department); 7:15 p.
m. Monday nights, Ann Arbor
2. Ballet Club, 7:30 p.m. Tues-
day nights, at Barbour Gym.
3. Modern Dance Club, 7:30 p.
m. Thursday nights, at Barbour
4. Modern Dance Classes (wo-
men only), Physical Ed. Dept.,
University of Michigan, Barbour
Let's make our school a patron
of Terpsichore lest she bury her-
self in New York.
AN OLD RESIDENT of the city
who takes considerable pride
in Ann Arbor's hundreds of fox
squirrels says that the freshmen
are worse than usual this fall in
pestering the bushy-tailed little
rodents. Outside of the freshmen
the squirrels have little to fear but
the dogs. However, the dogs are
the lesser evil of the two as they
cannot throw sticks and stones.
-The Daily, October 1900
Hillel: Hebrew Class will meet for
organizational purposes on Mon., Oct.
8 at 7:45 p.m. in the Council Room at
Lane Hall. Anyone interested in tak-
ing the class should register at this
meeting. Instructor: Professor Hirsch
Hillel: Open Council Meeting Sun.,
10:30a.mr. in Lane Hall. Ail those in-
terested are 'welcome.
U. of M. Hot Record Society. An op-
en meeting to collectors and non col-
lectors Sun., Michigan League Ball-
room, 8 p~m.
International' Student Association
Meeting Mon., Oct. 8, at Michigan.
Union, Room 3S 7:30 p.m. Delegates
from all international clubs are urged
Kappa Kappa Psi: Meeting Sun., Oct.
7, Harris Hall, 2 pm.
t~rt . t
- McKELLAR RAGES -
THE public record has been toned down, but a Tennessee feud erupt-
ed on the senate floor the other day in all its mountain fury. It
brought creaky Senator Kenneth McKellar to his feet in a wild rage,
thumping his cane angrily anal shaking a gnarled fist at his Tennessee
colleague, soft-spoken Sen. Etes Kefauver.
McKellar has been carrying on a one-sided feud against
Kefauver for months, but this is the first time it has broken out
on the Senate floor. What provoked the aged Tennessean was
an attempt by Kefauver to create a roving judge for both middle
and western Tennessee, instead of confining him to the middle
Disregarding rules of Senate courtesy, McKellar bitterly accused
his colleague of "playing politics" and "violating his word."
"I believe in trying to settle these matters on the facts, and I am
not going to get excited about it," broke in Kefauver calmly.
"The junior senator wouldn't know a fact if he saw one in the
middle of the road," rasped McKellar, shaking with anger. Then the
old man thumped down in his seat, scattering a sheaf of papers on
- WASHINGTON PIPELINE -
NEW defense secretary Lovett has received only one message from
General Eisenhower since taking office-a-an invitation to visit Ike's
headquarters in Paris . . . All American diplomatic couriers in the
Balkans have been ordered to travel in pairs. Too many couriers
traveling alone have been beaten up by the secret police and their
dispatch cases rifled ... One of the men recently traveling around the
U.S.A. with Philippine President Quirino is Jose Yulo-an active Jap-
anese collaborater during the war. Yulo was so helpful to the Japs
that he was decorated-in Toyko-with the Order of the Rising Sun.
While President Quirino is most welcome over here, some people think
he ought to be careful about whom he brings with him.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan underthe
authority of the Board of Control of
Chuck Elliott........Managing Editor
Bob Keith............. ..C.City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson '...... ..Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts...........Associate Editor
Bab Vaughn..........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ..... ..... :.... Sporte Editor
George Flint ,...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ...Associate Sports Editor
Jan James....... ...Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Mailler ........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish ...........Finance Manager
Stu Ward........Circulation Manager
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A t Hil Auditorium ...
TONY DRAWS A HORSE: with Ann
Crawford, Cecil Parker, Derek Bond,
Mervyn Johns, and other assorted British-
somewhat violent argument with his wife,
Claire. Claire is a psychiatrist and by vir-
tue of this fact is determined that her child
not be spoiled. The discussion culminates
in Claire's stalking off homeward bound,
I could build another.
But your third-problem is.
But the atomic physicists
I, p>iiw r .z:~eee. c. ~)Cmot1