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May 26, 1951 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1951-05-26

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It A6



See Page 3


Latest Deadline in the State


Allie ensive mashes hea in orti














Tro ops Pursue
Retreating Reds
Chinese Fight To Kee Escape
Route Near 38th Parallel Open1
TOKYO-(1)-The Allied offensive smashed ahead yesterday all 0i
- across the Korean peninsula as Armored columns thrust deeper into
Red North Korea in hot pursuit of the retreating Communists.
AP correspondent Nate Polowetzky reported from U. S. Eighth G
Army Headquarters that some Chinese are fighting suicidal rear-c
guard battles in efforts to keep open a six-mile escape route near W
parallel 38 on the east-central front.
CHINESE PRISONERS themselves reported many Reds are com- emoti
mitting suicide deliberately rather than face continued Allied bombing punch














* *


11' Teams Beaten at Evanston

Mac Violated
U.S. Policy,
Colli nsSays
chief of staff J. Lawton Collins
testified yesterday t h a t Gen.
Douglas MacArthur went against
Pentagon policy in Korea when
he sent U.S. troops near the Man-
churian border last fall.
Although he did not accuse Mac-
Arthur of disobeying orders, he did
accuse the ousted Far Eastern
commander of failing to heed the
advice of the joint chiefs of staff
that he halt United Nations
forces some five miles south of
the Manchurian Border.
* * *
"I DID NOT state it was a dis-
obedience or an insubordination,
Collins said in clarifying his cri-
ticism of MacArthur.
However, Maj. Gen. Courtney
Whitney in New York stated yes-
terday that Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur did not disobey orders
in sending American troops to
the Yalu river in Korea last No-
This statement by MacArthur's
aide was intended as a reply to
testimony in Washington by Col-
UND E R questioning, Collins
f went into the MacArthur policies
that the administration and the
joint chiefs of staff have rejected.
"Did not the joint chiefs of
staff advise that it might be
well to stop the United Nations
advance some five miles or so
on a ridge before the Yalu was
reached?" asked Sen. McMahon
"Yes, sir; at one stage of the
game we did suggest that as a
possibility," Collins replied.
"The general rejected that ad-
vice?" McMahon asked.
"Yes, sir, he did," the chief of
staff answered.
Collins testified also that the
joint chiefs told MacArthur in a
directive Sept. 27 that, "As a
matter of policy no non-Korean
ground forces will be used in the
northeast provinces bordering the1
Soviet Union or in the area along
the Manchurian border."
The army head said MacArthur
did use U. S. troops in the Man-
churian border region "contrary
to this matter of policy without1
advising us first."
Earlier in the day Collins testi-
fied that the Pentagon will issue
shortly a new, top secret plan for
carrying on the war in Korea.
However, he wouldn't give the
Senators any details, even in pri-
yAlumui Meet

4or risk being shot by their own of-
ficers for retreating.
The heaviest fighting appar-
ently was on the Hangye-Inje
Road on the east central front
some 25 air miles inland from
the east coast. United Nations
armored columns already were
four miles inside Red Korea in
that sector.
The Allies were battling to cut
off the retreat of an estimated two
Chinese Army corps, some 60,000
men, while Fifth Air Force planes
and Allied artillery pounded the
escape route incessantly.
* * *
IN ADDITION to smashing
across the parallel in the Inje area,
United Nations tank-infantry
teams crossed the old political
boundary in at least two other
Against s p o t t y resistance,
Allied columns thrust into Red
Korea northwest of Chunchon,
45 air miles northeast of Seoul,
and northeast of Uijongbu,
which is 11 miles north of the
old Korean capital.
Field dispatches said those two
columns withdrew at dusk yester-
day to the advancing main Allied
reported that-aside from the sui-
cidal rearguard action on the east-
central front- The picture vir-
tually all across the bloodsoaked
peninsula was one of Communist
forces fleeing northward."
Lt. Gen. James A. Van Fleet,
commander of the U. S. Eighth
Army, called the new surge of
Allied might "an all-out offen-
sive," and added. "The 38th par-
allel means nothing to me."
"The Eighth Army will go
wherever the situation dictates in
hot pursuit of the enemy," he add-
ed. "We intend to exploit every
advantage in carrying out our ob-
jective to find and kill the enemy."
Atomic Chie
I 0 (

said y
the ei
tire fj
ing th
to Cy
her N'
oil ct
a new

an Warns
f Fight for
i~ Control
ays Intervention
Vill Bring War
HRAN, Iran - (A)-- In an
on-packed news conference
uated by spells of weeping,
ier Mohammed Mossadegh
yesterday Iran will "fight to
nd" for oil nationalization.
warned that any attempt by
in or any other country to
his government's move to
over Iran's vast oil resourc-
ncluding those held by the
h-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil
?any-"will soon bring the en-
ree world to the brink of dis-
tain announced she is send-
he trouble-shooting 16th par-
e Brigade group of 4,000 men
!prus-within easy striking
nee of Iran - to strengthen
Mediterranean garrison.
p British officials in Lon-
did not conceal the connec-
between the dispatch of the
ially trained troops and the
risis in Iran.
hough the British hope Iran's
malist leaders will negotiate
oil deal, they have made it
they will use all means ne-
y-including last-resort mil-
measures-to protect British
and property against vio-

Hot Seat
Five fire engines-including
the aerial-ladder engine-and
six police cars screamed down
campus avenues last night to a
smoke-billowing window in the
old dentistry building, but only
one chair was damaged by what
the fire department termed a
forgotten cigarette.
Fearing a repetition of the
catastrophic Havan Hall fire
last spring, the city fire and
police departments turned out
en masse and they intend to do
this for every reported fire in
the future, they said.
Settlem ent
'Of Rail War
A nnounced
WASHINGTON-{gyp-The two-
year-old dispute between the
Brotherhood of Railroad Train-
men and the nation's railroads
has been settled, it was announced
A formal statement reporting
the settlement was issued by the
Brotherhood of Trainmen and a
committee representing the east-
ern, western and southeastern
The agreement provides for
a wage increase of 33 cents per
hour, or $2.64 a day for yard-
men and an increase of 181/
cents an hour or $1.48 per day
for roadmen.
These increases, the announce-
ment said, include the hourly in-

Golf, Track
Squads 4th;
Netters 2nd
McEwen's 4:09
Mile Sets Record
Special to The Daily
EVANSTON - Rain and some
rough Big Ten competition shut
Michigan tennis, golf, and track
teams out of championships here
The netters, led by Gene Bar-
rack, took second, while Bert
Katzenmeyer's golfers placed
fourrth and the trackmen sank
to fourth place.
IN THE TRACK meet a favored
Illinois squad edged a surprisingly
strong Michigan State team to
take first place honors here yes-
terday afternoon and evening at
Dyche Stadium.
The Illini ran up 55. points
to the Spartans 49 to take the
Big Ten title despite the drench-
ing rainstorm which flooded the
track and forced the pole-vault
and high jump inside the Dyche
The Wolverines slipped to fourth
behind Indiana, when the Hoos-
iers' Jim Harper and Harold Har-
met took first and third respec-
tively in the high jump, boosting
Indiana's total to 32, enough to
beat Michigan's 27.
* * *
ABOUT the only bright spot for
the Wolverines in the wet after-

--Ar News roto
LUSCIOUS LAPFUL-Esther Williams takes a short pause before
giving a swimming demonstration in the Walter Reed army
hospital pool. Gleeful GI's voice no complaints.

noon was Don McEwen, Michi-
gan's ace distanceman, who won
both the mile and two-mile events.
In the mile, McEwen blazed
around the Dyche Stadium
track, a track that was ankle
deep in water on the turns, in
4:09 for a new Conference
The Canadian speedster's clos-

AUTHORITATIVE sources in creases of 1212 cents to yardmen
Berlin said Gregory Psuhkin, Sov- and five cents to roadmen prev-
iet Ambassador to East Germany, iously announced, and retroactive
has told Communist supporters to Oct. 1.
Russia would resist the entry of The previous increases were
foreign troops in the Iranian oil authorized by the Army, which
crisis. A 1921 treaty gave Russia has been technically operating the
the right to send troops into Iran railroads since last August. Presi-
if foreign troops invading that dent Truman ordered them taken
country posed a threat to Soviet over when a threat of a strike
frontiers to the north. seemed likely to paralyze opera-
The aged, wealthy Mossadegh tions.
broke down in tears when he
told reporters of the plight of a
Iran's 15,090,000 hungry and ill- Q g
clad people, living amidst a trea-
sure of oil.R
Iran is expected soon to reject ou n
the latest British note protesting
the seizure of Anglo-Iranian oil By The Associated Press
holdings and proposing to send a DETROIT - Circuit Judge Ira
top-level diplomatic mission to ne- W. Jayne yesterday gave up his
gotiate a settlement. efforts to find a peace formula to
---- end Detroit's five-week-old public
" transit strike.
The jurist announced he would
fs li t V w start Monday hearing two injunc-
tion suits aimed at getting street-
icarsand buses rolling.
SEATTLE - Eighty-one men
from Michigan are among 1,696



Strong U.S.

Army Will Lift Iron Curtain

Prof. Geza Teleki of the Univer-
sity of Virginia geography depart-
ment asserted that Russia would
withdraw from the countries un-
der iron curtain domination if the
United States would keep a
strong standing army and cement
our ties with our allies.
Lecturing under the auspices of
the University's geography de-
partment, Teleki described his ex-
periences as one of the three Hun-
garian delegates to the 1944 Mos-
cow armistice conference.
"ALL MEETINGS would be held
from midnight to 6 a.m. after a
four hour session of movies to tire
The former Hungarian minis-
ter of education pointed out that
the German cultural influence
was much greater in the Balkan
countries than either the British
or the American.
He also mentioned that most of
the university professors in Hun-
gary are high-ranking Russian of-
ficers without even a speaking
knowledge of the national langu-

Prof. Teleki has hope for the
nations behind the iron curtain,
however. "History teaches us not
of the past, but of the future. The
same things which we judge im-
portant now will not be so im-
portant in ten years."
House Group
Considers Bill
WASHINGTON-(P)-A bill de-
signed to increase taxes by $7,100,-
000,000 a year was tentatively ap-
proved yesterday by the House
Ways and Means Committee.
If finally enacted, it will lay a
considerably heavier load on in-
dividual income taxpayers, cor-
porations, and scores of items sub-
ject to federal excise taxes.
The estimated total revenue in-
crease is far from firm. Staff ex-
perts said it may hit $7,200,000,000.
This compares with the $10,000,-
000,000 asked by President Tru-
man to keep the rearmament drive
on a pay-as-you-go basis.

est competition came from Ohio
State's Len Truex who stuck close
on McEwen's heels right to the
finish. With fifty yards to go,
Truex turned on his kick, trying
to nip McEwen, but the Michigan
star withstood the Buckeye's last
minute effort and raced home to
the new Big Ten record.
IT WAS McEwen's first victory
over Truex in the mile.
In the two mile, one hour
later, McEwen moved out in
front about the mile mark and
breezed over the finish line forty
yards ahead of Spartan Warren
Druetzler, who was third in the
mile. McEwen's time was 9:23.8,
which is considerably slower
than his usual effort. But con-
sidering the condition of the
track and his record-breaking
mile performance earlier, it was
a commendable mark.
Michigan's top entrant in thet
hurdles, Captain Don Hoover,
failed to place in either event.
*k *# *x
HOOVER, holder of the Confer-
ence mark in the 220 low hurdles,
drew the inside lane in the 220
lows - a lane that was covered
with three inches of water. He
kept up with the field until the
second hurdle, but from then on
in he was out of the race.
In the 120 highs, Hoover got
off to a poor start and finished
ten yards in back of the field.
Don Laz led the Illini to vic-
tory, taking firsts in the broad
jump and the pole vault.
* 4 4
IN THE broad jump, Laz leaped
23 feet 9 inches, just edging Mich-
igan's Ron Soble's 23 feet 6%4
inch jump. Horace Coleman took
(Continued on Page 4)

State Grant
To Approach
15 Million
Over-all Budget
Still Debatable
Special to The Daily
LANSING-Approval of a $14,-
845,000 University appropriation
was imminent at 1:30 a.m. today
and indications were that this
figure would be the final and def-
nitive allotment to the University
for next year.
The Senate approved the figure
last night.
Although the Legislature plan
ned to bicker heatedly over the
proposed State budget until early
this morning, University officials
and reporters were confident that
no changes would be made in Uni-
versity appropriations.
Reason for the expected debate
is this: the Senate yesterday ap-
proved a $198,905,943 state budget
in contrast to the House's $200,-
150,759 recommendation.
* * *
UNIVERSITY vice-president
Marvin L. Niehuss indicated last
night that he was certain the
University budget would come out
unscathed and unslashed, desepite
an expected ordeal of morning
conference committees. Robert
Cross, assistant director of the
Bureau of Business Research, con-
Their optimism was based on:
(1) The Senate Finance Corn-
mittee reported out the State
budget bill with 272 amendments,
but left the University budget
the same as the House had
voted two weeks ago - $14,-
845,000; (2) The Senate sanc-
tioned this figure; and (3) both
House and Senate members
seemed to be more interested in
wrangling over other sections of
the proposed State budget.
Later, Niehuss said that if, as
he believed, $14,845,000 was the
new University budget, the Uni-
versity would do its best to oper-
ate on this figure. "Whether we
can do it," he added, "depends on
our enrollment next fall.
* **
NIEHUSS warned, however, that
in any overtime meeting of the
Legislature "anything might hap-.
Even Sen. Elmer Porter, chair-
man of the Senate Finance Com-
mittee didn't dare predict what
the final fate of theUniversity
budget-or, for that matter, the
State budget -. would. be. He
shrugged his shoulders and
walked off.
Two years ago embittered and
impassioned legislatures wrestled
with the appropriations bill until
7 a.m.in the morning before a
compromise was reached. Last
night, both bodies, who were slated
to adjourn their last meetings,
followed the usual procedure, sus-
pended the rules, and stopped the
chamber clock at 11:59 p.m.
THE FINANCE Committee rec-
ommended and the Senate also
approved $3,000,000 for University
construction, $1,500,000 for the
Angell Hall addition, and $1,500,-
000 for the out-patient clinic
The Senate, hbwever, appro-
priated $40,000 more than the
Hous e 's recommendation of
$250,000 for the Neuropsychia-
tric Institute. Some of this
money will be earmarked for the
(After shuttling back and forth
between approximately $1,2000,000

and Niehuss' request for $1,583,-
877, the House last Wednesday had
finally approved and written into
law the latter figure, which will
make up the deficit in this year's
University budget.)
THE SENATE Finance Commit-
tee was expected to report out the
omnibus bill early yesterday

.. v1 -to-) A~mc THE PRESIDENT &
chiefs threw out a dramatic hint given the order so that
today that the first tests of some States could defend itse
kind of hydrogen bomb-perhaps any possible aggressor.'
the forerunner of a true "super Some scientists have
bomb"-have just been success- ed that if an H-Bomb
fully completed. duced with 1,000 time
The announcement, perhaps ergy of a Hiroshima
foreshadowing American posses- Bomb, it would prod
sion of the world's most powerful damage in a circle of
and destructive weapon, said: dius, comare wit
"A program "of atomic weapons radius, compared with
tests has been successfully carried shima circle of one m
out" at the super-secret Eniwetok blasts of T as ceme
proving grounds in the Pacific.
a congressman as "m
Then came the ten key words. more powerful" than t
"The test program included ex- ped on Japan-also
periments contributing to ther- hint at:
monuclear weapons research." 1. Development of
"Thermonuclear weapons" mation of use in civ
means hydrogen bombs. against atomic attack,
* * * information on the
THE ATOMIC Energy Commis- buildings best suited to
sion and the Defense Department the effects- of terrific b
in a joint, guardedly worded an- 2. The possible deve

aid he had
the United
elf "against
e estimat-
were pro-
s the en-
a-type A-
uce blast
10 miles
the Hiro-
ile radius.
nt of new
scribed by
.any times
hose drop-
seemed to
new infor-
vil defense
design of
lopment of

veterans from Korea arriving at
Seattle today under the army's
rotation program.
The troops will arrive at the
Seattle port of embarkment
about 5 p.m. aboard the mili-
tary sea transportation vessel
Marine Adder.
NEWPORT, R. I.-A death toll
of 16-and possibly 25-was indi-
cated by the Navy yesterday after
an emergency rollcall aboard five
vessels in the wake of a motor
launch sinking.

1500 Men To Take Draft Test Here

CHICAGO - Passage

of the

Wheat-for-India Bill by the House
set off a board buying movement
in grains of the board of trade
* * *
LANSING - A bill to remove
Oakland county from the present
17th Congressional district and

An opportunity to gain defer-
ment from the draft will be given
to more than 1,500 University men
when the draft qualification test is
given at 9 a.m. today at Waterman
Gymnasium and the Business Ad-
ministration Bldg.
Instructed to report at 8:30 a.m.,
the men will be given a three-hour
exam of 150 questions designed to
test their reaing cnmnrehensionn

an opportunity to apply for a
thirty day postponement of in-
duction during which period he
can join the service of his choice
or obtain a job in an essential
Students who are not veterans.
who have sent in their test ap-
plications before May 15 and who
are in the draft age group are
eligible to take the test. Those who

At this University, the test is
being given by the Bureau of Psy-
chological Services.
* * *
THIS DRAFT deferment test is
the first of its kind in the history
of the United States and probably
the largest mass exalnination ever
undertaken. Approximately 175,000
college men will be scribbling an-
swers at more than 1,000 test


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