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May 10, 1951 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1951-05-10

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THURiSDAY, MAY .10, I951

_________________________________________________________________________________ * _____________________________________________________

HE UNITED STATES has declared that
its mission in Korea is to repel aggres-
n and that its guiding principle is a fer-
it desire for a lasting world peace.
President Truman's removal of Gener-
MacArthur, who sought to ignite a big
ar to end a small one, was a wise and
urageous move in that direction.
3ut the vital question which still remains
answered is why-if the peaceful inten-
ns of the United States are genuine-has
our government stated the conditions
ler which it will agree to a cease-fire in
Secretary of Defense Marshall declared
s week that our forces would stop 15 miles
m the Russian border. But does this
an that the war must continue until the
,my is pushed back that far?
f so, an interminable struggle appears
vitable. Our commanders, both in the
d and in Tokyo, admit that a decisive
itary victory for either side is an im-
sibility and that only a political settle-
at can end the conflict.
Marshall's statement merely designated
e maximum limits of our military op-
ation, in Korea, but in no way did it
veal our minimum requirements for a
litical settlement of the 11-month old
f our government has decided upon such
ms, it is incomprehensible why they have
n kept a secret. In fact, the only conclu-
a that can be reached is that no such de-
ons have been made.
itorials published in The Michigan Daily
written by members of The Daily staff
t represent the views of the writers only.

ts for Peace?
It is little wonder that our failure to
clearly define our stand has been bitterly
attacked in the foreign press as a devastat-
ing blow to world hopes for peace.
Recently the government of Communist
China submitted a formal cease-fire pro-
posal to the United Nations. For the first
time, significantly, the Chinese dropped as
prior conditions for a cease-fire their de-
mands for a seat in the United Nations and
a discussion on the fate of Formosa.
In keeping with our "beware of peace
talk-it's subversive" policy, our govern-
ment refused even to consider this proposal,
labeling it as "propaganda." But whether or
not the Chinese peace bid was merely "pro-
paganda," it is utterly indefensible from the
standpoint of logic and of moral decency
that we should have rejected it without at
least stating explicitly what our own terms
Our failure to proclaim our precise ob-
jectives in Korea loudly and clearly so that
all may know is worse than treachery to
the people, and particularly to our men in
It is difficult enough for men in combat
to go on dying day after day, month after
month-even when they have an ideal, real
or fictitious, for which to fight. But at least
the prospect of imminent death is almost
bearable when there is the accompanying
hope that the killing will end before long
--as soon as the victory is accomplished.
But when no one knows what constitutes
a victory, there can be no hope.
It is not too late for our government
to show conclusively to our fighting men
and to the world that our oft-expressed
desire for peace is more than Cold War
And the first immediate step must be to
let the world know exactly what our poli-
tical as well as military aims are in Korea.
--Buddy Aronson

The.Fast Deal
W ASHINGTON-While the country's at-
tention is concentrated on a proposed
extension of the war, forces within the con-
gress are cooperating with various lobbies
to emasculate the home-front program that
was evoked by the outbreak of only limited
hostilities in Korea.
The House Appropriations Committee is
in the van of the attack. Late last week,
while the' world was watching General
MacArthur, it gutted public power and
cut off public housing.
On power, it persuaded the House to de-
cree that no more power' distributing lines
can be built by private utilities. The 50,000
minimum housing units approved last year
in defense areas were slashed to a maximum
of 5,000.
Meanwhile the proposed extension of the
National Production Act started on its rocky
road amid gloomy auspices. The meat lobby
is on the rampage here against Price Sta-
bilizer Di Salle's rollback orders for beef
prices. How well they are doing seems ap-
parent from the remarks which Chairman
Maybank of Senate Banking and Currency
made upon opening his extension hearings.
The chairman raised the cry of regimen-
tation while the lobby treatens black mar-
kets. It is a combination that doomed Ches-
ter Bowles' OPA. Senator Maybank also
takes a dim view of the administration re-
quest for broad rent controls and sees very
little chance of their passage.
There appears little sympathy in Con-
gress anywhere for the Di Salle-Wilson-
food-price proposals. If something is to be
worked out In this field it will have to
be the subject of very delicate negotia-
tions between agriculture's spokesmen on
the hill and the stabilizers. There is noth-
ing of the sort in sight now.
Predictions are freely made that while the
Defense Act will not be killed outright, little
more will be done than extend It in skeleton
form. Only the development of a strong
public opinion or some new Hussian aggres-
sion apparently could arrest the trend.
Senators eager to rescue public power and
housing are making plans for a strategy
committee to confer with President Truman.
They are not too optimistic as they look ov-
er senate appropriations.
There, as in all major committees, the
balance of power is held by senior Demo-
crats of strongly conservative views. These
apcept the fact of a military crisis and gen-
erally hold behind military expenditures and
foreign policy. But they have a constitution-
al aversion to controls, public housing, pub-
lic power and so on which only the pressure
of actual war seems able to soften.
The administration therefore has to de-
pend on picking up Republican votes. This
is never too easy; amid the present ten-
sions of capitol hill, it is increasingly dif-
Mr. Truman's mobilizers are putting
plenty of warnings into the record. Charles
E. Wilson testified strongly for the Truman
program and warned tha "a genuine set-
tlement" of U.S.-Soviet difficulties was not
"appreciably nearer." Stabilizer Eric John-
ston again demanded higher taxes and
stricter credit curbs. He said the "fires of
inflation" will mount again next fall and if
they weren't checked "you couldn't pay tax-
es fast enough to pay for rearmament
So far congress doesn't seem to catch any
name-but General MacArthur.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Choice Of Battle Flags



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The Daily welcomes communications from its readers 'on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Barnaby . came when Israel set about to
reclaim, the land in the Huleh
To the Editor: Marshes in the demilitarized zone.
They attacked and the Israelites
WE, THE undersigned, wish to protected themselves. Mr. Abu-
make a humble request of the samra claims that Israel antagon-
editor. We feel that the comic ized the Arabs by performing their
strip, "Barnaby," contained on this improvements in front of Arab
page is an insult to the consider- eyes. He claims that it would be
able intelligence of the students of more advantageous for Israel to
the University. Therefore, we pro- consolidate their position and re-
pose as a replacement, that most frain from antagonizing the Arabs.
subtle and witty of characters- His logic is wrong because Israel
"Pogo"-a 'possum and a gentle- has been doing exactly that. They
man. are consolidating their position in
Away with imaginary fairy god- Israel by improving the land which
fathers and nauseating small boys! is a big source of revenue and they
Give us "Pogo," a mature and de- are refraining from antagonistic
lightful commentary on the ways acts by sharing their benefits with
of man and beast, to peruse over the Arabs. My conclusion to this
our morning coffee. problem is to have the Arab League
How can we respect the opinions take advice from Israel and co-
of those astute gentlemen of the operate with them in order to bet-
press, the Daily critics, when they ter their living conditions. Israel
ignore the most wretched specimen has no time to waste in waiting for
of the arts in their very back yard the Arab nations to equal, them in
-"Barnaby"? Reform, like charity, progress. However, I believe Israel
should begin at home. Give us a will more than be helpful in show-
comic strip worthy of this great ing the Arab nations how to create
university, and we will willingly en- a good healthy atmosphere in
dure your comments on other lit- which to live.
erary and artistic forms. --Sidney Leventhal
In short, we want "Pogo!" * * *
-Jackie Shrank Epitaph
Betty Magyar
B. J. Young To the Editors:
Norma Greenwood McGEE IS DEAD, long live pre-





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PARIS--In Europe these days, you do not
hear much love or admiration wasted
on America or Americans. Gratitude is an
unknown international commodity. Good
will between nations is fleeting at best. A
great power can only hope to inspire among
its allies a sort of solid respect and confi-
dence-a sense that this nation's leader-
ship is reliable and sagacious, mingled in-
evitably with envy and irritation.
These were the most common Euro-
pean feelings about the United States as
short a time ago as 1949. Then the Am-
erican reputation was still gilded with
the afterglow of the brilliant period of
American policy making that ended with
the 1948 election. Now, however, the Am-
erican stock stands low. Of course great
things have also been done in these last
two years. The wisdom of the American
insistence on Western rearmament is
gloomily admitted; the huge American
contribution is grudgingly acknowledged.
The American decision to intervene in
Korea at the time provoked a deep surge
of relief and admiration on this side of
the Atlantic.
But the burden of rearmament is annoy-
ingly heavy. It has been forgotten here, as
it is wholly forgotten at home, that the bold
Korean intervention saved the Western
world from political disintegration Our
failures and follies abroad,, the recurring
paroxysms of squalor 'in American internal
politics, have transformed the earlier feel-
ings of respect and confidence into suspi-
cion and alarm. The reliance on the leader-
ship of the United States, that had been
built up before 1948, has been transmuted
into dismay that circumstances unavoid-
ably impose our leadership upon the West. ,
All this is the necessary background
against which to pose the figure of one of
the few Americans who still commands gen-
Europ e's Role
THE UNITED PRESS reports unofficial
estimates that by midsummer the Uni-
ted States will have more men under arms
than all the European members of the North
Atlantic Pact combined.
This does not call for accusations against
our European allies, for there are explana-
tions. Until recently the United States urg-
ed the nations of western Europe to devote
their energies to economic recovery rather
than armament. Moreover, the equipment
for larger forces is not yet available in west-
ern Europe It was found good practice in
World War II for a nation preparing to de-
fend itself to err on the side of over-equip-
ment of men in service rather than over-
manning of available equipment. One ob-
vious reason for this is that men not yet
called to the service can be used first to
make the material they will later need.

uine, almost unlimited confidence and re-
spect among our allies-General of the Ar-
'my Dwight D. Eisenhower.
*s* *,
T IS A CURIOUS but rewarding experi-
ence to visit the Eisenhower headquar-
ters at the rather dreary old Hotel Astoria.
You want an answer to the qgtstion: "Why
is this man so universally liked and trust-
ed?" The place itself contrasts violently
with the vast establishment over which
Eisenhower presided in wartime, with the
Daichi building in Tokyo in the days when
it was impregnated with the atmosphere of
diety, and, indeed with any other known
higher headquarters as high as this. The
Hotel Astoria is shabby, busy, workmanlike
and unpretentious. Eisenhower's own office,
although comfortable, would hardly satisfy
a Brigadier General in the Pentagon.
As for the man himself, the incredible
difficulty of his assignment and its in-
calculable importance for the future of
the free world seems to have affected him
not at all. The familiar Eisenhower jack-
et sits rather more smartly, for he is a
bit thinner-hard work and heavy prob-
lems are evidently his substitutes for the
exercise he has no time to take. But the
young-old face, the easy smile, the easy,
homely speech, are still the same.
His talk leaves a lingering impression that
he had not altogether realized, at first, how
different organizing the peacetime defenses
of an uneasy coalition would prove to be,
from leading the wartime armies of a grand
alliance. He does not exude any facile opti-
mism, at any rate.
But perhaps this impression' is in part
misleading, for Gen. Eisenhower is equally
certainly the opposite of pessimistic. His
mode of discussion in itself is curious, for
he has the habit, formed during years of
high command of leaving details to his
staff. He paints issues broadly, dealing in
generalities that seem at first to be peri-
lously close to cliches. But then the central
fact comes through, that these near cliches
are really deep, fundamental truths, a little
tritely put by a man who has no Mac-
Arthurian interest in style, but no less sig-
nificant for all that.
* * *
YOU GRASP another fact, that nothing
is more necessary for a leader in these
weary, disillusioned times, than to believe
deeply in the deep, fundamental truths, and
to, govern his conduct accordingly. Too
many leaders of the free world secretly
think that the cause of freedom is dead, pri-
vately assume that free men cannot join to
defend their ' freedom, are inwardly com-
mitted to the game of the devil-take-the-
hindmost. The free world is in danger of
the fate of the congregation whose priest
does not believe in God. But Eisenhower is
a leader who believes.
This strong belief combines with energy,
wise hopefulness and a strong grasp .of
the realities of his problems. And this
would seem to be the secret of Dwight

Washington MeryG-on
WASHINGTON-Republican Congressmen have been chiefly iden-
tified with the real estate lobb'y in the past. However, House
Democrats helped knife their own President in virtually killing the
Taft low-cost public housing program last week.
It was Democrat Ed Gossett of Texas, long the spokesman for
eastern business, who sponsored and led the fight to slash the pro-t
gram to 5,000 low-cost, public housing units a year, 70,000 units lessf
than President Truman says is our minimum need.
The Gossett Amendment, while seeming to keep the housing{
program alive by a few token projects, actually snuffs out the1
whole program. For 5,000 units aren't enough to satisfy the slum-
clearance needs of one big defense center-like New York or Chi-I
cago-and the administrative costs of a shoestring program will1
be so heavy that congressional economyites are bound to follow
up with a demand that the whole housing program is ditched.
This is exactly what the National Association of Home Builderst
and other real-estate lobbyists have been openly demanding-a sus-
pension of public housing altogether.
Ironically, administration Democrats from big cities, which need
public housing most, had as much to do with adoption of the Gossettl
amendment-if not more-than the Republican-Dixiecrat coalition.
Gossett and GOP Rep. Jesse Wolcott of Michigan, another real-
estate lobby wheelhorse, cleverly forced a vote late Friday after mem-
bers of the famous in-Tuesday-out-Thursday absentee club had made
their usual mass exodus to New York and elsewhere. As a result, the
Gossett amendment won by default, 181 to 113.
ALLIED DIPLOMATS in Moscow now hold their most private con-
ferences in the bathroom-with the water running full force into
the tub. The noise of the water booming into the tub neutralizes the
sensitive mikes planted in their rooms by the Kremlin . . . . The
blood bank for civilian defence is dangerously inadequate. For ex-
ample, a recent survey in Arlington, Va.-across the river from the
nation's capital-revealed that the plasma on hand is sufficient to'
care for less than one person in case of an atomic attack . . . . Presi-
dent Truman is disturbed at GOP attempts to picture the MacArthur
debate as a controversy between General MacArthur and Secretary of
State Acheson. The President wants it to be known as a Truman-Mac-
Arthur controversy. . . . The army is cutting down on swivel-chair
soldiers, expects to narrow the ratio to 1.31 for every combat soldier
by July, 1951, and to 1.13 by July, 1952 . . . . Congressmen, who have
been stalling Indian famine relief, please note: Robert Gemmill, A
G.I. student from Cambridge, Mass., has donated his monthly sub-
sistence check for Indian relief.
THE MARINE CQRPS has just issued a secret memorandum con-
taining some plain talk about meddlesome letters from Con-
gressmen seeking transfers, promotions and other preferential treat-
ment foir men in the service.
The flood of such mail is becoming a "detrimental burden"
at Marine headquarters, the memo declares, to the extent that
some officers spend practically all their time "checking, prepar-
ing and signing" letters to senators and representatives.
Acknowledging that members of congress are under pressure
from constituents, the secret order candidly points out: "contrary to
what appears to be a general impression, correspondence from con-
gressmen and senators does not result in favorable action when fav-
orable action is not otherwise to be expected, nor does it expedite
Matters affecting the Marine Corps personnel will be decided on
"merit alone," the order concludes.
SECRETARY OF STATE ACHESON has asked the President to keep
him out of the MacArthur senate hearings on Far East policy.
He has told Truman that if absolutely necessary he will testify in op-
position to MacArthur but he fears this might play into the hands of
the Republicans now trying to picture MacArthur's firing as having
been inspired by the State Department. Actually Acheson and Mac-
Arthur have been closer together on some Chinese policies, such as
a blockade of all Chinese ports. In contrast the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
opposing both MacArthur and Acheson after the December defeat,
wanted to pull out of Korea altogether . . . . Bill Bullitt, ex-ambassador
to Russia, has flown to China on a mysterious but personal mission.
Bullitt has been a spearhead of the China lobby . . . . Allied diplomats
in Red China report there isn't the ghost of a chance to talk about a
peace settlement until the Chinese have taken a decisive defeat ....
Moscow intelligence says that the Soviet air force will produce a lot
more long-range bombers, even at the expense of curtailing fighter-
plane production. This is the first tip-off that the Politburo plans
trans-ocean bombing, perhaps with something similar to our B-36.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

To the Editor:
IN REFERENCE to Khalil Mo-
hammed Abusamra's editorial
on the Israel-Syria dispute, I dis-
agree with your conclusion. In the
development of Israel, the Israel-
ites are most anxious to provide
themselves with a state which will
be self sufficient. Part of this plan
calls for a great many land im-
provements, since not much tillable
land is available. On the other side
of Israel's border, the Arab leaders
look on with resentment. Perhaps
they are afraid of a duplication by
their own people of Israeli pro-
jects. To offset this, the Arab lead-
ers, I presume, intend to disrupt
Israeli harmony by claiming a vio-
lation of the United Nations Truce
to which both agreed. The first
chance to achieve this objective
(Continued from Page 2)
Canterbury club:
Fri., May 11, 7 a.m., Holy Communion
followed by breakfast in Canterbury
House. 4-6 p.m., open House.
Visitors' Night, Department of Astron-
omy, Fri., May 11, 8-10 p.m., Angell
Hall. Mr. Edward M. Lewis will give
a short illustrated talk in room 3017
on "Close-ups of the Planets" Fol-
lowing the talk the Angell Hall Student
Observatory, fifth foor, will be open
for obesrvation of Saturn and the
Moon. If the sky is not clear, the ob-
servatory' will be open for inspection
of the telescopes and planetarium,
Children must be accompanied by
Hostel Club: Spring Round-Up at
Saline, Sat. and Sun., May 19 and 20.
Call Norms Ockree, 2-4067.
Hillel: Spring dance at W.A.B., May
12, 9 to 12 midnight.
University Museums Friday Evening
Program. Subject: "Fossils from the
Western Rockies." Three movies: "The
Earth's Rocky Crust," "The Great Am-
erican Divide," and "Wyoming," 7:30
p.m., Kellogg Auditorium. A 'Giant
Duck-billed Dinosaur skeleton dis-
played on the second floor exhibit hall,
Museums Bldg.
Hillel Drama Club: will present a
dramatic reading of the "Hell Scene"
from G. B. Shaw's Man and Superman
on Fri., May 11, Lane Hall Upper Audi-
torium at 8:45 p.m. Everyone welcome.
Hillel: Friday evening services. 7:30
p.m., Upper Room, Lane Hail.
Hostel Club: . Sports and swimming
at I-M Bldg., Friday night.-
International Radio Round Table:
Auspices of International Center and
WUOM. Discussions are held every
Friday at 7:30 p.m. on WUOM, tran-
scribed on WHRV on Tuesday at 10
p.m., and are broadcast on the Voice
of America to foreign countries.
1. Meaning of Peace Through Co-
operation-May 11.
2. Will the Commonwealth Hold To-
gether?-May 18.
Students interested in participating
in the programs may contact Hiru
Shah, Moderator of the Round Table,
The Meaning of Peace Through Co-
operation: Participants: Dr. Esson M.
Gale, Director of International Center;
Mrs. Arthur L. Brandon, State Presi-
dent of AAUW; and Mr. S. S. Brumley,
Chairman, Ann Arbor Council of Inter-
cultural Affairs Broadcast on WUOM,
Fri., May 11, 7:30 p.m.; transcribed on
WHRV, Tues., May 15, 10 p.m.

juaice and intolerance.
Long live two applications of the
Long may the Daily misrepresent
the facts and long may the stu-
dents depend on that one source
of information.
Long may the fight for equality
among peoples of the world be
jeered at and long may minority
groups be stepped upon.
Long may we say, "Let others do
And long may we call "Reds
those who want equality.
Long may we applaud the antics
of the College boys who formed A
Committee To Let McGee Die.
McGee is dead, long live in-
--Valerie Cowen, '54
White Backs
To the Editor:
overly worried because without
white bucks he can not distinguish
fraternity men from independents.
Mr. Porter Kier, stop suffering"
As it is written in the Bible, "Lift
up thine eyes."
-Dennis M. Aaron
AN OPEN and flexible mind,
which recognizes the need of
transformation and faithfully sets
itself to apprehend new conditions,
is a prerequisite of man's useful-
--John Buchan
+ M4









E '


At The Michigan *..*
QUEBEC, with John Barrymore, Jr. and
Corinne Calvet. MOLLY, with the Gold-
THE USUAL REASON for a double fea-
ture program is that one of the features
is too bad to be shown by itself, and on a
guess, it would seem that this is the reason
for the present combination at the Mich-
Both these pictures are funny, but one
is intentionally so. The Goldbergs, as long
experience on radio and television would
indicate, are not capable of an inferior
product and for the most part, their con-
tribution to this program is solid and
easy to take. The plot, such as it is, deals
with Molly Goldberg's effort properly to
mate four lovelorn souls who are on the
brink of selecting wrong partners for their
future marital felicity.
Except for an over-abundance of entranc-
ing and exiting, presumably a left-over from
the static radio scripts, it is a tasteful and
amusing screen translation. For this, credit
goes to Gertrude Berg, who writes the Gold-
berg scripts and takes the part of Molly.
Her performance keynotes the picture, and
keeps it on a level substantially above the
mere sentimental.
As for "Quebec," the story of an abortive
attempt by the French to overthrow British
rule in the days of the coonskin cap, it too
.'hnr3h 1.nv'rni , . tI',r a'hsThe nar'ra-

Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown..........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger.........City Editor
Roma Lipsky .........Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ...........Feature Editor
Janet Watts ...........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan ..........Associate Editor
James Gregory ........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly .............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton ..,.Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans.......Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels ........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible .....Advertising Manager
Sally Fish ........... Finance Manager
Bob Miller........Circulation Manager
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entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this. newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.




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