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PARTLY CLOUDY AND COOT:
VOL. LXI, No. 148 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1951
On Central Front
TOKYO - (A) - Allied forces
edged their front line back north
in west-central Korea yesterday
for the first time since the Reds'
big spring offensive ground to a
There also was evidence of some
enemy withdrawals in central
Korea, where the next heavy Com-
munist blow is expected.
A? corresponlent John Ran-
dolph reported that Allied troops
along the Pukhan River reoccu-
pied unopposed part of a deep no-
man's land northeast of Seoul.
A clash with 7,000 Reds north-
west of Seoul was the most solid
contact of Allied patrols along the
120-mile Korean front. The Allied
attackers broke off the. fight at
dusk and returned to their lines.
* * *
WITH MORE than a half-mil-
lion meq still available to them,
the Reds again were slowly build-
ing strength in the hills north of
Seoul and in the rugged central
mountain country north of Chun-
Despite muddy roads and sod-
eskies, Allied tanks and in-
faltry roamed north of their
S lles. For the third straight day
- htey raided Uijongbu, 411 miles
north, of Seoul. Small pockets
of Red resistance east and west
of the old'korean capital also
The top Allied commander ex-
pressed complete confidence that
the Communists have no chance
of winning their war of aggression
RETURNING TO Tokyo from
his third trip to the front, Lt. Gen.
Matthew B. Ridgway said the con-
flict would last as long as the Reds
were willing "to pay the bloody
price they have been paying."
General , gw y a s been
figldng a war of maneuver in
Korea, not a war of fixed posi-
tions. He is not expected to wait
in present defensive positions until
the foe has time to regroup and
re-supply the battered Communist
Ridgway declared, "The only
uncertainty I find anywhere.
is how long those fellows (the
Reds) are going to put up with the
empty Communist promises to
throw us out of Korea and destroy
the UN Army.
Army To Call
Vin' June Draft
Issued a new low number in draft
calls yesterday - 20,000 men in
The Air Force said at the same
time it would'add more than 40,-
000 women by June, 1952.
* * *
THE ARMY'S call for June was
the lowest number in a monthly
call since the draft was resumed
Some 550,000 men have been
drafted or placed on army call
since then. In each of the first
three months this year, the army
got 80,000 men. The April draft
was 40,000 and the May quota
Officials said the reductions in
calls were due to large scale volun-
teering and to fewer Korean war
casualties than had been expected.
THE Women's Air Force strength
will be raised to about 48,000 under
the new order. The force will in-
clude about 4,000 officers.
Starting next month, the Air
Force plans to commission 200
women officers a month. The
monthly enlistment quota will
be jumped then from 480 to
1,700. During the first half of
1952, enlistments will rise to a
projected level of some 4,000 a
Earlier in the week, Elmer P.
Brock, vice-president of the Na-
tional Student Association urged
students to apply immediately for
the draft deferment aptitude test.
Brock felt certain that the tests
have not been cancelled or made,
'U' Budget Bill
Appropriations Measure Awaits
Approval After House Passage
By SID KLAUS
A $1,583,000. appropriations bill, to make up the deficit in this
year's University budget, is now before the State Senate, after having
been passed unanimously by the House.
University vice-president, Marvin L. Niehuss, who just returned
from Lansing where he has been confering with legislators, said that
the bill would probably come up for a vote in the upper house early
MEANWHILE the Legislature has begun discussion of the 1951-52
Sudden illnesses which spread
through Betsy Barbour House
Thursday subsided yesterday as
Health Service officials reported
only eight women in the infirm-
ary of the more than sixty affect-
ed by the epidemic.
Although two more, women were
taken to the Health Service by
ambulance yesterday morning,
twelve of the twenty who were in
the infirmary Friday were dis-
* * s
MEANWHILE, epidemiologists in
the public health school continued
to search for a clue to the swift-
striking wave of sicknesses which
Barbour residents have attributed
to food infection. t
Results of a survey taken
among the afflicted women indi-
cated that the trouble may' have
arisen from eating canned pears
or pork, or from drinking water.
Sanitarians conducting the tests
reported that "it couldn't have
been & typical type of food in-
fection." The probe should be
concluded today, they said.
Dr. Margaret Bell, Health Ser-
vice physician, said the condition
of the patients was "improving"
and no fevers had exceeded 102
Also taken ill during the epi-
demic were Mrs. Martha V.
Strauss, Barbour Resident Direc-
tor, and Margaret Bristol, dieti-
cian for the residence hall.
Mrs. Strauss became sick Thurs-
day evening after staying up the
previous night giving medical care
to the residents. Miss Bristol was
struck by the sickness early Thurs-
day but had recovered yesterday.
A rumor that several West Quad
residents had been hit by the
epidemic was squelched by Quad
officials. The last outbreak of ill-
nesses in the Quad was in Octo-
ber, 1949. Food tests conducted at
that time proved inconclusive.
yesterday slashed $693,137,110
from the independent offices ap-
propriation bill, ending a day of
voting by trimming President
Truman's emergency fund.
Its applied reductions to almost
all of the 27 agencies financed by
the bill for the fiscal year begin-
niug July 1 and clamped a lid on
new public housing by limiting
to 5,000 the number of units that
may be started during the year.
state budget, which includes the
University appropriations for next
The Board of Regents has
maintained that a $15,200,000
state grant would be the abso-
lute minimum under which the
University could operate next
year. And that was after it
sliced $400,000 from an original
figure because of the estimated
reduced enrollment next fall.
However the State's Budget Bu-
reau recommendation for the Uni-
versity is $13,700,000, leaving a
staggering $1,500,000 difference of
said that if the lower appropria-
tion was passed, the faculty for
next year would have to bear the
brunt of the cut-back. They es-
timated that nearly 300 members
of the teaching staff, nearly one
quarter of the present faculty,
would be asked to resign because
of lack of funds.
Since faculty members with long
seniority would not be asked to
leave, more than 250 of the 300
teachers to be dropped would be
instructors and teaching fellows,
cutting their present ranks in half.
they also explained that while
the faculty reduction would save
more than a million dollars, it
Fails to End
TEL AVIV-(P-A United Na-
tions-sponsored cease-fire agree-
ment halted only briefly yesterday
the battle of the Jordan as Israeli
and Syrian forces renewed fight-
ing north of the Sea of Galilee.
An Israeli spokesman charged
the Syrians had attacked Israeli
territory at 5 p.m. Greenwich time
(11 a.m. CST), only three and a
half hours after the cease-fire had
gone into effect. He said the at-
tack had been repulsed with heavy
losses to the Syrians.
* * *
IN DAMASCUS, Syria, last
night's military communique ac-
cused the Israelis of having bro-
ken the cease-fire at 1 p.m. Green-
wich time, by opening heavy ar-
tillery and mortar fire and at-
tacking Arabs in the demilitarized
border zone. The communique
said the Syrians repelled the at-
tack by force, inflicting heavy
losses on the Israelis. The Syrians
said they had only one casualty.
Latest dispatches received
last night from the fighting area
said a grim battle was still in
progress. Heavy explosions were
heard over a wide sector.
The Israeli spokesman said the,
fighting was renewed when the'
Syrians made their third attempt
of the day to capture the height
of Tel Al Muteila, on the north
shore of the Sea of Galilee and
about two-thirds of a mile in-
side Israeli territory.
The agreement to halt the
shooting, was described as a "com-
plete, final and sincere" cease-
The announcement said the'
Syrians agreed that there would
be no Syrian military or paramili-
tary forces in the demilitarized
zone. They also pledged to halt
In return, the Israeli agreed
that the zone is to be under the
supervision, although not control,
of the UN.
WASHINGTON - (A) - Ge
Douglas MacArtleur declared ye
terday he understood Secretary
Defense Marshall was willing
discuss giving major concessio:
to the Chinese Reds as the bas
for peace treaty.
He declared Marshall took th
stand that a peace conferen
might well take up the questio
of turning over the island of Fo
mosa to Communist China an
granting the Reds a seat in t
MICHIGAN CRUSADERS--A group of delegates f rom Michigan got set to take off for Washington
yesterday, armed with a bushel of wheat for India. Left to right, Bill Sky, Herb Cheston, Ann Cot-
ton, Joyce Simon and Mary Miserez. Bush Olmstead, Lane Hall staff man and their travelling ad-
visor, is not shown. They will present the wheat to Madam Vijaha Pandit, Indian ambassador
Swould increase the present
dent-teacher ratio of 14.2 to
LANSING-(0P)-A bill virtually
outlawing the Communist Party
and requiring Communists to reg-
ister with state police passed the
House unanimously yesterday.
It now goes to the Senate,
The only preliminary to the vote
was a successful motion by Rep.
Joseph G. O'Connor (D-Detroit)
that all members of the House in
the chamber be added as co-spon-
"You won't find a single Commie
here," O'Connor said.
Introduced by Rep. Kenneth O.
Trucks (R-Baldwin), the measure
is modelled after a Texas statute.
Communists and members of
Communist front organizations are
required to register with state po-
lice. The party is denied a place
on the ballot and it forbids Com-
munists to hold elective public
A provision which also banned
Communists from being appointed
to public office earlier was stricken
because it ran into constitutional
The House revived and passed
a bill giving public employes the
unrestricted right to join labot
organizations. After defeating it
earlier in the week, the House lift-
ed it from the table and passed
it today 54-44.
By The Associated Press
VIENNA-Soviet authorities ex-
pressed regret last night, at the
death of a United States Military
Policeman from Russian machine
pistol bullets and agreed to join
the Americans tin an investigation.
.' * *
ington took his oath yesterday as
the one-man boss of the Re-
construction Finance Corpora-
tion preliminary to buckling
down to a big two-fold task:
* * *
DUBLIN - Bickering within
Premier John Costello's govern-
ment led last night to an order
dissolving the Dail Eireann (the
lower house of parliament).
A general election-which may
return t h e Brooklyn - born'
Eamon De Valera to the Pre-
miership-was set for May 30.
WASHINGTON - The Senate
sent to the White House yesterday
a bill granting permanent resi-
dence to Mrs. Oksana Kasenkina,
Russian-born woman who at-
tracted international attention in
1948 by leaping from the third-
floor window of the Soviet con-
sulate in New York City.
Prof. Morgan Thomas, of the'
political science department, saw
definite political motives yester-
day in two election bills passed
by the State Senate this week.
The most drastic, the approval
of the so-called Massachusetts
ballot plan, was termed by Prof.
Thomas "a definite attempt by
the Republicans to offset the
popularity of top Democratic
* * *
BY USING this ballot, which
would eliminate all straight ticket
voting, the Republicans hope to
gain votes in some offices from
people who are attracted by the
names of Governor Williams and
Sen. Blair Moody, Prof. Thomas
"With a straight ticket in ef-
feet, these people would prob-
ably pace their 'X' at the top of
the Democratic column, thus
automatically casting a vote for
all Democratic candidates."
The proposal to advance state
primaries from September to June
was described by the professor' as
an attempt to reduce the Demo-
crats' advantage in having their
incumbent candidates constantly
in the political limelight.
Commenting on non-political
aspects of the new ballot plan,
Prof. Thomas remarked that un-
less voting facilities were greatly
increased, the plan is liable to
cause a decrease in voting.
"Marking an X' for each office
on Michigan's long ballot will be
a long procedure," he said. "Many
people will become disgusted wait-
ing in long lines, and won't bother
to cast their ballots."
Five University students and a
Lane Hall staffman piled into a
crowded car and headed for Wash-
ington yesterday armed with a
bushel of wheat.
They will join up with an auto
caravan of students from Minne-
sota, Indiana and Ohio who are on
their way to Washington to pre-
sent token bushels of wheat to
ernment yesterday slapped build-
ing controls on "luxury" homes-
dwellings costing over $35,000-r-
and on big apartment houses, ma-
jor 'factories and public buildings.
The National Production Auth-
ority (NPA) decreed that, these
structures may not be started
without its specific approval, ef-
fective at once. Industrial struc-
t.res and public projects fall under
NPA's control when more than 25
tons of steel are used. This ex-
tends the government's construc-
tion regulations over such projects
Newspaper plants and radio and
television broadcasting buildings,
previously exempted from the re-
straints imposed in January on all
commercial building construction,
now will require NPA authoriza-
tion regardless of the steel ton-
Five U' Students Journey
To Washington with Wheat
India's ambassador to the United
States, Madam Vijaha L. Pandit.
* * *.
REPRESENTING Michigan in
the caravan are Mary Miserez, '51,
Ann Cotton, '52, Joyce Simon, '51,
Herb Cheston, '51 and Bob Sky.
Bush Olmstead, Student Religious.
Association student advisor went
on the trip also. Their journey is
sponsored by the SRA.
They carried with them a
small sum of donated money to
present to the ambassador when
they meet her at 11 a.m. Mon-
day at the Indian embassy.
This will be used to buy more
A group of 31 students come
from MacAlester and Augsburg
colleges. They left Minnesota
Thursday morning, carrying 800
pounds of wheat.
*. * *
THEY WERE joined by students
from Concordia 'College in Ft.
Wayne last night, and today they
are scheduled to pick up a group
from Oberlin College in Ohio.
Besides having an audience with
Madam Pandit, the crusading stu-
dents will meet with their con-
gressmen to discuss the pending
congressional legislation which
would appropriate wheat for fam-
The Michigan delegation plans
to present a list of individuals and
groups who are supporting the
crusade to the legislators. The list
is not yet completed and will be
telegraphed to the delegation to-
morrow night. Anyone who wants
to place their name on the list
has been requested to call Lane
THE OUSTED Far East com-
mander also implied that the Uni-
ted States Joint Chief of Staff,
headed by Gen. Omar N. Bradley,
might sometimes be subject to
He said he would accept their
judgments. on such issues as the
size of the country's military forc-
es, for example, if their opinion
was "a strictly professional one,
without any currents of obligation
or pressure from anything else."
The 71-year-old soldier, de-
posed from his commands by
President Truman, spent a sec-
on4 day of more than seven
hours upholding and explaining
his views before the Senate
Armed Services and Foreign Re-
At the end, fresher than most
of the 26 senators who sat in judg-
ment on his case, he wanted tc
continue, but the committees de-
cided to recess and hear him again
starting at 8:30 a.m. today.
*, * *
HE VEHEMENTLY opposed let-
ting the island bastion of For-
mosa fall into Red hands, declar-
ing that in hostile. possession it
would "breach completely" this
country's Pacific defense line.
Other high points of his testi-
1. He is "very definitely con-
vinced" that Russia conspired
with Red China and North Korea
to launch the invasion of South
2. But war with Russia is
3. In his public pronounce-
ments before his ouster, he did no
feel bound by "gang rule" because
the American people "are enti
tled to certain basic facts when i
involves the lives of their sons."
4. He believes his ouster by
President Truman for publicit:
disagreeing with administration
policy was "the judgment of on
After relating Ais understandin
of Secretary Marshall's stand o:
Formosa and a UN seat for China
MacArthur declared he did nc
know the position of the govern
ment on these issues-presumabl
meaning the position of Presider
** * *
Firing of Mac
UNIVERSITY DAY :
Inquisitive High School
Seniors Roam Campus
The order was NPA's first direct, Contributions are also being ac-
control applied to residentialdcon- cepted through Lane Hall for
struction. Previous restraints have wheat donations. Those wishing
been indirect-such as the credit to donate can call in a pledge to
controls governing down payments Lane Hall until 10 p.m. today or
and mortgage terms. 6 p.m. tomorrow.
By ZANDER HOLLANDER
University Day high school visi-
tors asked plenty of questions yes-
terday-mostly the wrong ones.
"How about the liquor ban?",
was the favorite query, especially
from the northern .Ohio seniors
who are served beer in their home
"Is there plenty of social life?",
generally came next, according to
Guide Bill Burke, '53, followed up
work out? Do you
Ewen, the miler?
. . ~* **
know Don Mc-
Do you know
Do you know
SECOND CAPACITY CROWD:
Festival A udience Hears 'Requiem'
By The Associated Press
Senator Fulbright (D-Ark.) sa
yesterday that Secretary of Sta
Dean Acheson "vigorously oppo
ed" the firing of Gen. Dougl
MacArthur from his Far Easte
Fulbright's statement came
the Senate committee heari
when he asked MacArthur if r
ports were true that the Gene:
had told friends Acheson was r
sponsible for his dismissal.
MacArthur was asked by Ft
bright whether he knew that Ach
son "in fact opposed your rec
IN THE East Quad dining room
where most of the male visitors
were served lunch, a score of them
produced a mild sensation by '
smoking fat cigars-and deposit- Firejzar
ing them, half-smoked, in the ash
trays. Q R nn rI N o nmr
Another capacity crowd filled
Hill Auditorium last night to hear
the second concert of the 1951
May Festival-Verdi's "Requiem
Mass," presented by the Choral
LESTER McCOY, associate di-
rector, of the University Musical
Society, who trained the Choral
Union during the year, said tpat
he was "extremely proud" of his
Mrs. de Pataky plan to return here
this summer to enroll in an Eng-
lish language course.
MISS FARRELL and Miss The-