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February 13, 1951 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-02-13

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
-I

McCarthy vs.
Pearson

WA

"lHe Left

MA(TTR OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP

There To Get Away From The
Cheering Crowds"

TME DRAWN OUT feud between Drew
Pearson, the noted Washington column-
ist, and Sen. Joseph McCarthy, the militant
solon from Wisconsin, was dramatized last
week when two newspapers failed to renew
their contracts for Pearson's syndicated
column.
The Flint News-Advertiser was one of
those papers. A journal with a circula.
tion of 35,000, the News-Advertiser has
long been nonpartisan. A spokesman for
the paper has emphatically denied Pear-
son's charges that the McCarthy-Pearson
fracas had anything to do with the ter-
mination of the contract. In answering
Pearson, the paper has explained that
Pearson's column would probably not be
replaced.
Certainly, other factors may have induced
the paper to discontinue the column, but it
is possible that McCarthy's charges against
Pearson contributed to the final decision.
There is evidence that a pro-McCarthy
anti-Pearson sentiment does exist in Flint.
One hears, anti-Pearson remarks among
auto dealers, merchants, in barbershops, on
buses-where he is referred to as "that
pink!" Asked why he considered Pearson
a "pink," one Flint merchant retorted: "He
sticks up for freedom of the press, doesn't
he?"
And only yesterday, the swashbuckling
senator was invited to speak in that city
under the auspices of local Republicans.
Perhaps the hysterical nature of Mc-
Carthy's charges that one of Pearson's staff
formerly penned news articles for the Daily
Worker and other derogatory remarks con-
cerning the nature of Pearson's writings-
may haveinfluenced Flint citizens.
And of course, Pearson has also been
having trouble with his radio sponsors, who
are quietly preparing to abandon him.
It all adds up to one thing: McCarthy,
the same McCarthy who resorted to strong
arm methods and bludgeoned Pearson in a
Capitol Hill brawl, .may be succeeding in
carrying out his threat to "break" the
Washington commentator. Though unsuc-
cessful in silencing Pearson by breaking his
pate, the intrepid senator seems to have
found another way-public opinion.
The entire incident is unfortunate, for
Pearson is neither a Red nor a Pink. He
has consistently lashed out at both the
Democratics and Republicans. Actually,
Pearson has contributed a great deal to
the security of our country. His exploits
as a "watchdog of society" are widely
recognized. And certainly his revealing
exposes are reminders of the muckraking
days of Steffens and Norris.
If McCarthy succeeds in muffling Pear-
son, it means that one man-a man whom
Gerald L. K. Smith described as "the only
bright light on the American scene"-can
exert a pressure which can hinder the ex-
pression of honest opinions.
-Cal Samra
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL BRENTLINGER.
DORIS FLEESON:
U.S. Defeatism
WASHINGTON-The Hon. Robert Aber-
crombie Lovett, Deputy Undersecretary
of Defense, is disgusted.
He is so disgusted that he has been st>-
ping out of character to sound off, pithily
and profanely, about U.S. defeatism. Lovett
is a Wall Street banker, a slendidly correct
occupation to which he is well suited. But
his country at this point is getting him
down.
Why, he is asking impatiently, does this
great nation at the peak of its power, the
strongest country in the world,-flap around

like a chicken with its head off, fearful,
complaining, exalting its enemies as super-
demons and downgrading the best people
on earth? Lovett, though exceeding angry,
is probably incapable of putting on this
performance in public but those privileged
to watch him jumping up and down say it
is quite a spectacle.
The Deputy Undersecretary has been on
the job with General Marshall for four
months. He is absolutely sure that we are
well on our way toward securing our de-
fenses and that we are gaining momentum
every day.
Certainly his clarion call to America to
think of its might, majesty and great mis-
sion as well as of its problems strikes a re-
freshing note. It represents in essence what
our allies at Lake Success most complain
about-that this country does not act like
a great power.
It is not always easy to dig out of
Lovett's security-minded Pentagon the
facts that cause him to take a more
sanguine view of our affairs than is gen-
erally heard around here. If he is right,
it would pay the military to declare as
much of a moratorium as possible on
their collection of "restricted," "top se-
cret" rubber stamps and let people know
how things are going.
The truth is-and experienced Bureau-
crats don't deny it-that the restricting crt

1

WASHINGTON, The right way to deal
with future acts of aggression by
Soviet satellites may become a really seri-
ous issue. Since the Korean experience,
American leaders are pretty well agreed
that hereafter we must "brush away the
false whiskers," and penalize the satellites'
masters in the Klemlin. But inter-govern-
mental discussions of the satellite threat to
Yugoslavia have already developed some
sentiment across the Atlantic for what
looks, for the short run, like a more cautious
plan.
Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria are to
be treated as independent states. They,
not Moscow, are to be warned that the
Western powers will not tolerate any
new aggression in Europe. It is even said
that they may be moved by such a warn-
ing to resist Moscow's commands.
The appropriate commentary on this
scheme for encouraging satellite indepen-
dence by pretending that it exists has
already been provided by the disappearance
from Prague of the former Czech Foreign
Minister, V. Clementis, who has probably
taken refuge in the American zone of Ger-
many. Czechoslovakia was formerly allowed
immeasurably more freedom than any of
the satellites in the Balkans. But the
flight of Clementis, a faithful Communist
whose sole crimes were a trace of national
feeling and an ability to converse with
Westerners, shows how even Czechoslovakia
has now been reduced to the status of a
Soviet province.
The job has been done with perfect ruth-
lessness. As a safeguard against nationalist
impulses, control of the Communist party
in Bohemia has been transferred to non-
Czechs, like the Sudeten Germans, Ger-
minder -and Koehler. In Slovakia, similarly,
the men on top now are Hungarians, Siroky
and Battonvansky. Widespread purges have
sapped the power of the former top party
leader, President Gottwald. Gottald's humi-
liation by the new, Moseow-approved chief,
Slansky, was even, as it were, officially an-
nounced a couple of months ago, when the
leading newspaper, "Rude Pravo," a Gott-
wald stronghold, was rebuked for errors and
deviations,
* * *
IN THE BALKANS, of course, the same
" job was begun much earlier. In Bul-

garia, the aging Georgyi Dimitrov was or-
dered to Moscow in February, 1949, and
murdered there in July. Shortly thereafter,
Dimitrov's deputy, Traicho Kostov, disap-
peared from view, to reappear on trial as
a Tito-ist at the end of the year. Since
then at least 60 per cent of the Bulgarian
Communists of any importance, including
almost the whole top leadership, have been
purged privately or in public. The Prime
Minister, Chervenkov, is the most notorious
Moscow stooge in any satellite state, and
the new chief of army general staff, Gen-
eral Panchevsky, is a former colonel in the
Red Army.
In Hungary, the chief national-minded
Communist, Raik, was also tried and found
guilty long ago, and all his followers have
since been purged. More recently, the
President of Hungary, Szakasits, the Judas
goat who led the Hungarian Social Demo-
cratic party into its alliance with the Com-
munists, has himself been sent to the
slaughter-house, or at least he has dis-
appeared. The leading men in the gov-
ernment, Rakosy, Gero and Zold, are all
non-Hungarians, and the Commander of
the Army, General Vata, is believed to be
Russian.
In Romania, no less than 192,000 mem-
bers of the. Communist party had been
purged, by official figures, by the end of
1950. Last year the celebrated Commun-
ist chieftainess of Romania, Ana Pauker,
and her deputy, Georghiu Dej, were called
to Moscow, brutally disciplined, and re-
turned wholly submissive. Here again,
Russian control is most overt in the army,
and the Soviets have openly transformed
the main Romanian port, Constanza, into
a Russian naval base. As for Poland,
Marshal of the Red Army Rokossovsky
now controls not only the national mili-
tary forces, but the whole apparatus of
the party and the state.
In the fact of this sort of evidence, treat-
ing the satellites as independent is a polite
but dangerous farce. If the Texas and
California National Guard divisions at-
tacked Mexico, the Mexican protests would
not be addressed to Austin and Sacramento.
If Moscow's European satellites embark on
a career of aggression, the blame will not
be, theirs, and if future aggressions are to
be deterred, the deterrents must be aimed
at Moscow, where the power lies.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune Inc.)
tory Week
population about some achievements of
Negroes, the week strives to inspire younger
Americans, especially younger Americans of
color, to emulate people of distinction.
* . *
THE THEME OF this year's 26th annual
observance of Negro History Week
(February 11-18) will be "Eminent Negroes
in World Affairs." Special recognition is
also being given to the memory of the late
Dr. Woodson.
In line with the international theme, in-
formation has been gathered about eminent
Negroes of the United States, the Carrib-
bean, Africa and South America. Included
are: Dr. Ralph Bunche, Governor-General
Felix Ebone of French Equatorial Africa,
President William V. S. Tubman of Liberia,
and many others. These eminent Negroes
are making noteworthy contributions to
their countries.
It is fitting that their achievements be
called to the attention of the general
public particularly at this time when the
democracies of the world are redoubling
their efforts to serve their constituents
more effectively.
It is also fitting that Negro History Week
this year should have an international
theme to point out some achievements of
the world's leading citizens of color.
-Mildred Ellis

CURRENT MOVIES

Negro His

N
r- -
d A .... t...
ON THE
Washington.,Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-It isn't often that senators can confidentially cross
examine the Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic union!
But that's what the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services
Committees did to General Eisenhower for three long hours recently.
Here are highlights from secret minutes of the meeting.
Sen. "Long Tom" Connally of Texas, Chairman of the For-
eign Relations Committee, opened by calling attention to four
"distinguished visitors." Actually they were three distinguished
isolationists-Senators Wherry of Nebraska, Bricker of Ohio, and
Malone of Nevada-who have been vigorously opposed to Eisen-
hower's policy in Europe-plus Senator Thye of Minnesota, who
is not an isolationist. Not members of the committees, they had
asked permission to attend. In referring to Nevada's Malone, an
armchair strategist, Connally sarcastically called him "General
Malone."
Senator Long Tom, a man who knows how to run committees,
also emphasized that "this is an executive session, and I wat it to be
kept an executive session." He put "everybody on his honor" not
even to hint to newsmen what happened at the meeting because, he
warned, "some newspapermen are smart, and if you hint around, they
can figure out the rest."
"I see," continued Connally, eyeing the visiting senators sourly,
"some of our visitors are taking notes already."
Connally then turned to Eisenhower and invited him "to proceed."
"I didn't come to make a speech," replied Ike. "I came to answer
questions."
So Connally polled the senators by seniority, and they asked
the questions. Senator Russell of Georgia fired a broadside of
technical questions on European strength which Eisenhower an-
swered, but which, for security reasons, cannot be reported here.
However, Ike said that he "hoped by the end of 1952 to have 40
European divisions."
Refusing to be pinned down on the number of American troops
that should be stationed in Europe, or even on the mathematical ratio
of American divisions to European divisions, Ike did state that "cer-
tain of our units" would have to be transferred to Europe beginning
this summer.
HASTEN WAR WITH RUSSIA?.
Russell asked the most important question worrying the State
Department and the Pentagon: Will the program of rearming West-
ern Europe precipitate all-out war with Russia?
Eisenhower replied that Russia's actions so far have been made
on her own and not as a result of our actions. However, he admtited:
"I don't understand the Russian mind, and I don't know anyone who
does. I think this program is a good gamble, the best gamble we can
take."
Repeatedly Eisenhower stressed: "This report I am making to
Congress is based upon a preliminary survey, by necessity a very hasty
preliminary survey. As I get in deeper, I may find it necessary to
alter my previous statements. I may come back six months from now
and tell a different story."
"Does this mean you are going to make periodic reports to Con-
gress?" asked Senator Bridges of New Hampshire.

Eisenhower replied that periodic reports would be made, but he
would make them through channels "as any good soldier would."
Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas asked about establishing an Amer-
ican Foreign Legion.
LINCOLN DAY QUOTES
THERE WAS SOME backstage kidding when copies of the Lincoln
Day booklet prepared by the GOP National Committee were
passed around the Senate Republican cloakroom.
The booklet was prepared to help GOP speakers give Lincoln Day
speeches, an done section which caused some ribbing was "Quotations
from Abraham Lincoln pertinent to current times." One or two
waggish GOP members even suggested that certain quotes might be
applied to their own colleagues.
For Sen. Robert Taft, for instance, they suggested Lincoln's
words: "A few words now to Republicans. It is exceedingly desirable
that all parts of this great confederacy shall be at peace, and in har-
mony with one another; let us Republicans do our part to have it so.
Even though much provoked, let us do nothing through passion and
ill temper."
For Sen. Joe McCarthy they suggested: "If you forfeit the con-
fidence of your fellow citizens, you can never again regain their
respect and esteem. It is true that you may fool all of the people
some of the time; you can fool some of the people all of the time, but
you can't fool 'all of the people all the time."
And for the old, old guard: "I shall try to correct errors when
shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views as fast as they shall
appear to be true views."
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

(Continued from Page 1)
lifted during the college year ex-
cept when announced in the
"Daily Official Bulletin."
Failure to' comply with all regu-
lations governing the use of au-
tomobiles by University students
will invite penalties in the form
of monetary fines, and/or with-
drawal of the driving permit it-
self.
Engineers, Physics and Math
Students: The following men will
be interviewing June and August
graduates this week:
Feb. 14, 15 & 16: Mr. William
Werback of Consolidated Vultee
Aircraft Corp., San Diego, Calif.
Feb. 15 & 16: Mr. Ray Blay-
lock of Chance Vought, Dallas,
Texas. 1
Feb. 15 & 16: Mr. Ray Schney-
yer of Aro, Inc., Tullahoma, Ten-
essee. (Mr. Schneyer will also
hold a group meeting at 7:30 p.m.,
Feb. 14, Room 1213, E.E.)
Further information and inter-
view schedules are posted on the
Aeronautical Engineering bulletin
board opposite Room 1079, E.E.
Bureau of Appointments:
The Merrill-Palmer School, De-
troit, Mich., is offering assistant-
ships and advanced fellowships
for graduate students in the fol-
lowing:
1. Physical Growth
2. Psychology
3. Family Life
4. Infant Laboratory
5. Nursery School
6. Recreational Clubs
7. Research
8. Nursing
9. Library
For further information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 35-
28 Administration Bldg.
Bureau of Appointments:
The Palmer Incorporated Schools,
Palmer, Alaska need a band
teacher. They will consider those
without experience.
The Near East College Associa-
tion, New York, N.Y. need per-
sonnel for colleges in Turkey, Le-
banon, and Greece. They are
seeking teachers of Art History,
English, Music, Science, History,
Home Economics, Physical Edu-
cation, Mathematis,- Commerce,
and Elementary grades.
The American College for Girls,
Istanbul, Turkey needs a young
American woman to teach physi-
cal education for a period of three
years.
For further information con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments,
3528 Administration Bldg.
Lectures
University Lecture, auspices of
the Department of English Lan-
guage and Literature. "Modern
American Literary Criticism."
James R. Sutherland, of the Uni-
versity of London, Visiting Pro-
fessor at Indiana University, Wed..
Feb. 14, 4:15 p.m., Kellogg Audi-
torium.
University Museums Lecture.
"Microscopic Life in Michigan
Seas 300,000,000 Years Ago" (il-
lustrated). Dr. Robert V. Kesling,
Assistant Professor of Geology
and Associate Curator of Micro-
paleontology ii the Museum of
Paleontology. Wed., Feb. 14, 8:15
p.m., School of Public Health Au-
ditorium.
Freshman Health Lectures for
Men, Second Semester, 1950-51:
It is a University requirement
that all entering Freshmen, in-
cluding veterans, attend a series
of lectures on Personal and Com-
munity Health and pass an ex-
amination on the content of these
lectures. Thansfer students with
freshman standing (less than 30
hours credit) are also required to

take the course unless they have
had a similar course elsewhere
which has been accredited here.
Upperclassmen who were here
as freshman and who did not ful-
fill the requirements are request-
ed to do so this term.
The lectures will be given in
Room 25, Angell Hall at 4 and at
7:30 p.m. as per the following
schedule:
Lecture No. Day Date
1 Mon. Feb. 12
2 Tues. Feb. 13
3 Wed. Feb. 14
4 Thurs. Feb. 15
5 Mon. Feb. 19
6 Tues. Feb. 20
7 (Final Exam) Wed. Feb. 21
You may attend at either of the
above hours. Enrollment will take
place at the first lecture. Note
that attendance is required.
Academic Notices
Make-up Examination, Philo-
sophy 34: Mon., Feb. 19, 1:30-

(Editor's Note-The following article was writ-
ten by Mildred Ellis, a University graduate stu-
dent in Musicology. Miss Ellis will present a
special program of piano music by outstanding
Negro composers on WUOM at 7 p.m. tomorrow.)
FOR A DEMOCRACY to function at its
best each member should feel it his
supreme obligation to live constructively
and to contribute toward the general good
of the entire society. No one individual or
group of individuals should feel that his
contribution, however small, is insignificant,
but rather that it is necessary to enrich the
whole.
The American Negro, a member of a
democratic society has, throughout his
history, striven to contribute to the gen-
eral good of this society according to his
talents and opportunities provided him.
Constitutionally speaking, he is quite
young as a full-fledged citizen and for this
reason sometimes many of his achievements
tend to go unnoticed-by those even of his
own race, as well as by those of other
races.
* * *
THUS IT WAS FELT necessary to set
aside a special week in the year when
emphasis could be placed on achievements
of Negroes. This idea was given shapd by
the late Dr. Carter G. Woodson, noted
Negro historian, and blossomed into what
is now known as Negro History Week. The
week, falling around the second week in
February, is selected so as to include the
birthdays of two outstanding Americans--
Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass.
Dr. Woodson's aim in observing such a
week was an attempt at "mass educa-
tion"-to bring to the attention of the
public the achievements of persons of
African blood not with the aim of merely
emphasizing Negro History, but to bring
to the public's attention facts relating to
the Negro in history. As Dr. Woodson
said, "What we need is not a history of
selected races or nations, but a history of
the world void of national bias, race hate,
and religious prejudice. The case of the
Negro is well taken care of when it it
shown how he has influenced the devel-
opment of civilization."
In addition to enlightening the general
Freedom
FREEDOM OF MEN under government is
to have a standing rule to live by, com-
mon to every one of that society, and made
by the legislative nower vested in it: a lib-

At The State

. 0 .

GROUNDS FOR MARRIAGE, with Van
Johnson, Kathryn Grayson, Paula Ray-
mond, Reginald Owen.
VAN JOHNSON is still Van Johnson even
though they change the name of the pic-
ture and call him "doctor." And as usual, he
grimaces his merry way through a variety
of sets ranging from a symphony orchestra
in an hospital amphitheater to a Greenwich
Village bistro.
*
The movie aspires no higher than to be
"cute." And it is occasionally this, and
never more. As usual, an old story is re-
surrected: ex-wife decides she wants ex-
husband who thinks he wants greener
pastures while ex-husband's playboy
brother knows he wants ex-wife. All this
means that the various characters scamper

-:*

BARNABY
We should have kept this

That wasn't a cop's beep. Those guys hijacked I

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