TIlE MICHIGAN DAILY
c r v - 'y ir r'~i 4, 1: 1
La Prensa' .. UN Appeal
T E OUTSTANDING Buenos Aires news-
paper, La Prensa, has finally become
one of the many government-controlled
dailies in Argentina. Labor union troubles,
newsprint restrictions, threats, force-all
inspired by the shrewd but unscrupulous
Juan Peron-preceded the, seizure.
No doubt from here on in, La Prensa's
newsprint will be whittled down to the
intelligence of President Peron.
This is clearly a matter of international,
concern, and as such, a matter for the
United Nations to consider. But according to
the Monroe-doctrinated Chicago Tribune,
the UN is helpless.j
The other day, in an obvious crack at the
UN, the Chitrib (as it is affectionately call-
ed by sympathetic Republicans) pointed out
that under the UN Charter it's quite legal
for Peron to expropriate La Prensa.
The McCormick-fettered writer, seeming-j
ly well-versed in the provisions of the Char-
ter, points to article 14, section 3:
"The right to seek, receive, and impartj
information and ideas carries with it special
duties and responsibilities and may there-j
fore be subject to certain penalties, liabili-
ties, and restrictions, but these shall be such
only as are provided by law and are neces-
sary for the protection of national security,
public order, safety, health, or morals .. "
Peron has contended that La Prensa's
fight for existence has been waged for the
purpose of "injuring Argentina's interna-
tional prestige and indestructible union of
her people with their government." On
these grounds, the Tribune, pausing "with
regret" to shed a tear for La Prensa, con-
cludes that Peron was entirely within his
rights and the UN is powerless.
Editorials publisbed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT F4DIT0R: BOB KEITH
But the Tribune has disregarded-as per
usual-several more vital factors. For one,
Article 14 of the Charter definitely gives the
General Assembly power to review and
recommend on any situation-regardless of
origin-which might impair world peace.
It could be argued that the suppression of
La Prensa has created such resentment on
the part of other countries that another war
may be precipated.
But even more convincing: the Peron Gov-
ernment has committed a flagrant violation
of the Universal Declaration of Human
Article 17, section 2 states: "No one shall
be arbitrarily deprived of his property."
Article 19 says: "Everyone has the right
to freedom of opinion and expression;
this right includes freedom to hold opin-
ions without interference and to seek, re-
ceive, and impart information and ideas
through any media and regardless of
Of course, the Declaration, although adop-
ted unanimously by the General Assembly in
1948, has no binding effect on member
states. But these rights have been, in effect,
incorporated in the principles and purposes
of the United Nations. In this case, one of
the most fundamental rights-freedom of
press-has been violated.
La Prensa itself cannot appeal its case
to the UN under the provisions of the
Charter. But any member state can bring
the case before the General Assembly. A
precedent for this occurred when Bolivia
protested the imprisonment of Cardinal
Mindzenty by the Soviets. This too was
a domestic issue, but had international
The United States, a country with a tra-
ditionally free press, should bring the case
before the UN. In so doing, the UN might
correct a tyrannical abuse, and the United
States would benefit the more as a cham-
pion of a free press.
Labor & Mobilization
THE AFL and CIO are opening themselves
to some devastating blows from public
pinion with their renewed blasts at the
overnment mobilization program. Citizens
ire working themselves into a lather over
abor's action, mainly because they don't
ealize the background and motivation of
Labor's withdrawal frdm the mobilization
Grogram can best be explained as a char-
acteristic method of unions in fighting
L AST NIGHT THE Inter-Arts Union pre-
sented its first musical offerings of The
Student Arts Festival: string quartets by
George Wilson and Robert Cogan. Both
works demonstrate a high order of crafts-
manship; both works impressed this listener
with their dramatic forcefulness and emo-
tional intensity. Indeed, musical drama-
the balancing of moods, the building up and
releasing of tensions, the contrasting of ex-
pressive sonorities-seemed the chief con-
cern of the composers. If there was a feeling
of strain, a sense that the composer was, so
to speak, singing at the top of his voice, it
could be traced to this concern with the dra-
matic. I wished for more repose, perhaps for
more musical elements of a neutral, non-
dramatic nature which would serve to point
up the significant, dramatic ideas.
And there were ideas: the fine, upsurg-
ing first theme of the first movement of
Cogan's "Quartet;" the meditative sub-
ject of the fugue in the "Adagio" of the
Wilson work. I was especially impressed
by the way Wilson developed the subject
and made of this movement a passionate,
moving musical entity.
Cogan's "Quartet" stood up well under a
second hearing. The astringent scherzo, and
the slow movement-written in a spacious,
declamatory idiom-made the deepest im-
pression. And this is as much as this journal-
ist can say in five inches.
something they don't like-with a strike
To labor its fears seem very real and in
many aspects are justified. Only within
the last twenty years have they received
any sort of formal recognition from man-.
agement. Following the passage of the
Wagner Act, labor won many of the long
sought goals of minimum wage and hours,
unemployment compensation and several
other aspects of the New Deal labor legis-
Then, when Charles E. Wilson, the presi-
dent of one of the nation's largest cor-
porations, was named chief mobilizer with
almost unbelievable powers of executive or-
der, labor began to feel the ground getting
mighty shaky under them. The unions had
realized that the Taft-Hartley Act was an
indication of adverse public opinion toward
labor. And now, Wilson, one of their strong-
est opponents was in position to wipe away
the remainder of these hard fought gains.
Wilson has a reputation for being a tough
man with labor. He almost ruined some fine
labor relations in his old job simply through
his stubborness. And he now seems to have
carried the attitude into his new job that
heading the mobilization program is no dif-
ferent than running ,a big corporation -
those who don't cooperate can be bullied or
just tossed aside.
The two big labor organizations operating
through the United Labor Policy Commit-
tee have merged for convenience to fight out
this problem. They are convinced, and
rightly so, that labor as well as management
should have a top ranking representative in
the mobilization program.
Many of the labor leaders certainly
have the ability to handle such a job. One
could hardly deny that it takes just as
much tact and administrative ability to
lead a heterogeneous political labor group
as it does to head a large corporation.
The labor groups are fighting for a fair
representation in the mobilization program.
The arrival of wide-spread collective bar-
gaining on the labor-management scene
proved that they were at last officially re-
cognized by management. Now they are
rightly battling for an extension of the re-
cognition into our mobilization program.
MATTER OF FACTI
By JOSEPH ALSOP
DANGEROUS CORNER AHEAD
BERLIN-This tragic but brave city is the
best place to think about the projected
conference of the Big Four Ministers. In
Washington, they worry about tactics. In
Paris, the deputies wrangle about the agen-
da. But here in Berlin, you see all around
you the human and material stakes in the
desperate game the Soviets are playing.
In sum, these stakes add up to Ger-
many. Germany nowadays is the key,
both strategically and politically, of Wes-
tern Europe. Hence this projected con-
ference which in America seems so re-
mote is likely to be as significant a turn-
ing point as the London meeting in 194,
that led the United States to adopt the
policy of "patience and firmness."
To be sure, no one who surveys the scene
from Berlin can possibly credit the rumor,
so sedulously spread by the Kremlin, that
the Soviets will take this occasion to offer
the basis of a serious world settlement. In
pressing for the four power conference they
have had much harder and more self-serv-
The first aim has been to delay decision
on the vital matter of the German contri-
bution to the defense of the West. In this
the Soviets have already triumphantly suc-
ceeded, gaining about six months' time
thereby. The second aim is vastly more am-
bitious. The Soviets hope to use the confer-
ence itself to divide and disrupt the West-
ern alliance for good and all.
* * *
THE QUESTION is how Soviet Foreign
Minister Vishinsky will seek to attain
this planned objective. What is feared in
Washington is of course well known. The
American policy makers fear that Vishinsky
will offer the unification of Germany on
the basis of genuine free elections, in re-
turn for guarantees of German demilitariza-
tion and withdrawal of all occupation
On the surface such an offerrwould be very
attractive, especially to the Germans. For
the Russians, it would mean the temporary
loss of their profitable province in East
Germany, where their stooge government
would be snowed under in any free voting.
But for the Western allies this deal would
also mean the loss of the strategically vital
central German position. Western rearma-
ment would be permanently disrupted.
Meanwhile the Russian armies would
retreat only a few score miles from the
German border. They would be as ready
as ever to flow out again over a Germany
left with no defenses whatever, and a
Western Europe exposed by the loss of
the German glacis. Thus superficially,
Washington fears (which are authorative-
ly reported to be shared by Chancellor
Adenauer) would appear to be justified.
The Berlin signs suggest, moreover, that
the Soviets have at least been playing with
the idea of this whole gamble. At the Pra-
gue meeting, when the new Kremlin line of
"German unity'" was first announced some
months ago, Vyascheslav Molotov not only
rode rough-shod over the satellite Commun.
ists to make them agree to his draft declara-
tion; there is also some evidence that Mo-
lotov called in the non-Communist so-called
Foreign Minister of East Germany, Georg
Dertinger, and gave him a little speech about
the virtues of free elections.
SINCE THEN, it is known that the Soviet
Kommandatura has discreetly checked
what the probable result of a free election
in East Germany would be. And it is also
known that the leaders of the East derman
government, foreseeing abandonment by
their masters, had begun to be exceedingly
concerned about their own future.
On the other side of the ledger, however,
are three still more important items of evi-
dence. First the Soviets have not only con-
tinued exploitation of the East German
uranium mines in the Erzgebirge; they have
also recently opened a large number of
shafts producing very low quality ore. This
suggests that the Erzgebirge resource is
still vital to them and cannot be gambled
Second, Gromyko at Paris, contrary to
the Prague line, has laid all his stress on
German demilitarization rather than
"German unity." Third, the East German
leaders, Grotewohl, Ulbricht and Gerhard
Eisler, have lately each gone out of the
way to define "free elections" as the kind
of transparent farce that would deceive
nobody and receive no consideration at
any four power meeting.
On balance, therefore, it appears more
likely (although very far from certain) that
the Soviets will avoid the great gamble with
East Germany that has worried Washing-
ton. Unfortunately, however, there are other
tactics, equally menacing, which are also
open to the Kremlin. These require dis-
cussion in another report.
(Convright 1951. New York Heralr1 TribuneI Tnc.
The Burning Fuse
APsS0 T11E NRS.N VNi7N pOrf CIS
Xettep4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
with GREW PEARSON
ONE OF THE MOST fascinating dramas in New York history kept
the people of Manhattan glued to their television sets this week
as Frankie Costello and underworld leaders were grilled by the Sen-
ate Crime Committee.
In view of this drama it is interesting to review the manner
in which the Washington Merry-Go-Round gave its readers much
of the same information regarding Costello a year in advance,
and how Drew Pearson's crime columns helped to push the Ke-
fauver crime probe through the Senate. Senator Kefauver has
paid tribute to Pearson's help in this respect,
"Four years ago I may have contributed to a murder in Chicago,"
Pearson began his crime exposes on Jan. 13, 1950. "This series of col-
umns, therefore, is written as my contribution toward cleaning up an
ever-widening area of big-city government in which such murders
"Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee has wisely put his finger on
this menace in his pr posed probe of interstate gambling rackets. And
last summer, Sen. Cyde Hoey's investigating committee unearthed
an important clue linking the gambling rackets to Washington, and
then backed away from it as if they had stepped on a rattlesnake."
Pearson went on to tell how four years earlier he had talked to
the late Jack Ragen, former operator of the Chicago bookie wire, and
had turned over to Attorney General Tom Clark detailed information
regarding Costello, Jack Guzik, Pete Locivella and other leaders of
the underworld. In retaliation for leaking this information Ragen was
-UNDERMINING CLEAN GOVERNMENT-
N SUBSEQUENT columns Pearson exposed the underworld opera-
tions of Costello and his many henchmen together with their poli-
On January 20, Pearson outlined Costello's links in Miami,
Kansas City and Louisiana, telling how "Frankie Costello ar-
rived in Louisiana with a $100,000 cash contribution to Huey
Long's campaign, in return for which Huey opened up the state
to slot machines."
"Invasion of Costelloism is always slow,. almost imperceptible,"
Pearson said. "At first it can scarcely be detected.
"Nearly always it gets a foot in the door through heavy poli-
tical contributions to a candidate for public office. He may be com-
pletely honest, but he needs the money and doesn't think twice about
the obligations he must fulfill after he takes office."
* * * *
-KEFAUVER RESOLUTION STYMIED-
OTHER CRIME COLUMNS followed. Finally on April 8 Pearson,
who had been helping Senator Kefauver push his crime resolu-
tion, wrote: "There is more than meets the eye behind the myster-
ious maneuvering to block the Kefauver resolution for an investi-
gation of organized crime and gambling in the U.S.A. It is now April.
The Kefauver investigation . . , hasn't even passed the Senate --.
Some powerful forces are at work which don't want any investigation
at all. Senator Kefauver himself has had all sorts of personal pressure
brought by friends he never dreamed were close to the gamblers
asking him to sidetrack his probe." .
Meanwhile, Pearson said that "amazing revelations had come to
light in California where law enforcement is in the hands of Fred
Howser, notorious for his friendship with the gamblers." Some of
Pearson's revelations regarding Attorney General Fred Howser brought
a long and expensive libel suit against him which Pearson won.
It was shortly after the April 8 column that the Kefauver crime
probe resolution was finally passed by the Senate. Pearson has never
published this but, on the day it passed, he interviewed various Sena-
tors and finally persuaded Sen. Scott Lucas of Illinois to give the
green light to the Kefauver probe-a move which Lucas bitterly re-
* * * *
-COLUMNS ON MAFIA-
LAST OCTOBER Pearson also published amazing columns giving
the inside story of the Mafia which he said was led in part by
Frankie Costello. Apropos of the recent New York Senate hearings
linking Costello with Tammany, it is interesting that, on Oct. 12,
1950, Pearson wrote: "Costello is known to have shared quarters with
Tammany Hall politician Jimmy Hines at the 1932 Chicago convention
which nominated Franklin D. Roosevelt."
Also revealed at the New York hearing was the way Costello
had been privileged to say good-bye to "Lucky" Luciano when he
was deported. Six months earlier Pearson had reported: "Costello
had enough power with the federal government so that he-and he
alone-went to Ellis Island to see Luciano off."
Pearson was probably the first to report, on July 21, 1947, the
fact that Costello could be deported for fraud in connection with his
naturalization papers. At various times since then Pearson has ham-
mered this fact home. Reporting on Oct. 17, 1950, for instance, Pear-
son states: "Costello is not being deported for a simple reason-he has
contributed heavily to many political campaigns, especially the Demo-
cratic party in New York."
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
To the Editor:
HEREHAS BEEN a large and
unnecessary stink raised over
the IAU's withdrawal of War Sky,
Here are some facts:
1) The student members of the
AU alone made their decision,
after a long and heated argument.
2) All extra-curricular produc-
tions by campus groups are sub-
jected to university censorship.
War Sky was not singled out for
pecial attention because of its
'subversive" (or other) elements.
3) The productio has already
been approved by the IAU, the
university censor, and all other
parties involved, when Mr. Rosen-
berg assumed his role of martyr-
4) The position of the IAU is
All these things were made clear
to Mr. Rosenberg last Monday, at
a long meeting with IAU repre-
sentatives, Daily editorial writers,
and interested observers (me). Mr.
Rosenberg admitted that he "may
have" judged too hastily, but two
days later, he states: "I think the
situation amounts to a more sub-
tle and diffused pressure .... "
Having been deprived of the false
basis for his previous assumptions,
he tries to justify his error by
implying that the action of the
IAU was cowardly. Yet Generation
(sponsored by the IAU) printed
War Sky last fall. Has he forgot-
ten? Is it less courageous to print
it than to stage it? Hardly.
This reader can only conclude
that Mr. Rosenberg is at best
oversensitive, (t h e artist, you
know), and that his recent letter
was written in a moment of emo-
tional instability. Otherwise he
could not have condemned, in one
lump, the IAU's acceptance of
necessary "working conditions,"
when these include, as he says,
". . . . a desire to produce worth-
while work . . . ." Of the others,
one does not exist. As for the cen-
sor, he is more easily satisfied than
Mr. Rosenberg,who is suspicious
without due cause, completely in-
capable of ' objective analysis.
P.S.-There just might be a few
copies of the fall Generation
available to the interested at the
Student Publications -Building, at
no increase in price. See me and
get yours before it is BURNED!
*' * *
Funds for Phoenix.. ..
To the Editor:
The caption of the photo ap-
pearing on page five of the March
13 Michigan Daily by Malcolm
Shatz states that Mrs. Alexander
Ruthven was presented with a
check for $1,000, a gift from this
year's Sophomore Cabaret Cast.
This is not entirely correct. The
check was the proceeds from Soph
omore Cabaret given to the Alice
Lloyd Memorial Fund of the Phoe-
nix Memorial Project. Mrs. Ruth
ven, as honorary chairman of this
fund, accepted the check.
Since Tuesday we have had
numerous questions as to why we
were presenting this "gift" of $1,-
000 to Mrs. Ruthven.
Throughout the Daily publicity
of Sophomore Cabaret, although i
was good, there was no mentior
ever made of the fact that our pro-
ceeds were to be given to the Phoe-
nix Memorial Project.
It seems that when such a large
activity as Sophomore Cabare
pledges its proceeds to such a
worthy cause as the Phoenix Me-
morial Project that some mentior
could be made of this.
Finance Chairman of Sopho-
* * *
To the Editor:
IN RECENT DAYS The Michigar
Daily has taken quite a fey
swings at Student Legislature
Much of what has been written is
sadly enough, valid.
But in order to correct the man,
false impressions created by those
who refuse to recognize the fac
that SL is growing in efficiency
power. Certainly most of its pro
jects may not be of university
shaking importance when take;
individually, but together they per
form many services for the indi.
vidual students and for this uni
versity. Student opinion as ex
pressed through SL is beginning ti
gain the respect it deserves fron
our administrative officials.
The Student Legislature Speak.
ers Bureau sends out approximate
ly twenty speakers each week. I
SL were not functioning well an
handling so many worthwhile pro
jects, these speakers would be at E
loss for words. As it is, the speakers
have difficulty pruning their
Although the policy of the
Bureau has been to send speak-
ers to housing groups, we ex-
tend an invitationto The Daily
too. You name the time, the place
and the topic and we'll send over
the best qualified speaker for the
Any other group that wishes to
hear all about its Student Govern-
ment should call the SL building.
If you have any questions about
SL that have always bothered you,
now is the time to get them an-
The Bureau, like SL, is here to
serve yogi. All its speakers are at
your disposal for any time of the
day, wherever you want them, for
as long as you want them.
(Editor's Note-The Daily invites a
member of the Speaker's Bureau to
address the Senior staff from 7:30 to
7:35 p.m. Monday on the topic "Why
Kefauver on TV .Tt E o
To the Editor:
THE EXTENT to which the Ke-
fauver Committee has won in-
terest and comment in the last
few weeks is humorously depicted
by a recently received letter.
"Well-after tomorrow I can
start going out again. I have
stayed home every day to watch
Kefauver investigation on televi-
sion-enjoyed it so much; what
crime goes on in this nation, from
the smallest guy to the "HEAD"
if you know what I mean. I have
nothing against a little "patron-
age" but when our mayors, etc.
associate with underworld charac-
ters solely-that is too much to
The Kefauver Committee had
better take a few encores. No-
body knows how he spent his time
before their Congressional Mens
* * *
To the Editor:
SOMEONE TOLD ME that The
Daily's B. S. Brown and JIM
Brown were one and the same
However, I told this person that
he was wrong. To me Jim Brown
represents a dignified writer, while
B. S. Brown represents the field of
writing where people only write
for the sake of seeing their name
in print. My faith in human na-
ture would be destroyed if they
were the same person.
Please cler up this mis-under-
-Robert Smith, '52
(Editor's Note-Keep your faith in
human nature. Jim Brown is Man-
aging Editor of this paper, B. S.
Brown is a sometimes letter writer.)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown.............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger............City Editor
Roma Lipsk~y........ Editorial Director
Dave Thomas.........Feature Editor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan...........Associate Editor
James Gregory.........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly...........Sports Editor
Bob Sandell....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans'........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels........ Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible.....Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Bob Miller........Circulation Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann
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Subscription during regular school
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AN INTERESTING and worthwhile experi-
ment in dramatic reading was unveiled
last night in Lane Hall Auditorium by the
Hillel Play Reading Group.
"Oedipus Rex," Sophocles' timeless trag-
edy about the hot-blooded King of Corinth
doomed by Apollo to murder his father and
marry his mother, marked the Group's in-
Attired in ordinary garb, the cast oper-
ated on a dimly-lighted stage bare of props
and scenery save for black felt-covered
chairs and a light blue backdrop.
1Wn-rl:i m n :- n-_h-- f a a s aie a irs--
by his role, but rather because of his excel-
lent sympathetic, convincing interpretation.
Also worthy of particular commendation
were supporting players Seymour Amelyn
in his dual role as the Priest of Zeus and
as a Messenger, and Milton Levin as Tei-
Unfortunately, several members of the
cast never seemed to enter into the tre-
mendous dramatic tone of the play, and
they appeared content to merely read lines
rather than express them.
But perhaps the most disappointing as-
pect of the presentation was the failure of
Mr. O'Malley! Jane says Tennessee
HMnness at dis nminn rustercI And
As t recall, m'boy, the Hanson
bnrn houset nne cw. Hnwever ,
|:My Fairy Godfather went ;