THE MICIGAN DILTY
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 25. 1951
a as a isaa vaiaal L'11" Yl'laL.E - -
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)LITICAL vengeance is nothing new to
the American scene. Ever since Jack-
's open espousal of the "spoils system"
as been with us, cluttering up the frame-
k of .good government, sometimes self-
scious and embarrassed but usually
sh in its application.
But the political vengeance the repre-
ntatives of the American people are
king today is anything but brash. It is
iet, methodical and somewhat shame-
ced-even more, it is stupid.
'his nation's legislators are about to pass
Constitutional amendment limiting the
sidential tenure of office to two terms.
roduced into Congress in 1947, the
mdment was passed by the necessary
vote in both houses, which were then
trolled by victory-elated Republicans.
Zequiring the approval of % of the state
slatures the amendment began its steady
rney which up to this writing had taken
uccessfully through 33 states. It requires
approval of only 3 more legislatures to
ome a part of the Constitution of these
ted States. It will probably get them.
But the amendment should not be per-
tted, as it has been, to slip through
thout the protest it deserves. For un-
r the pious palaver of its backers there
s one dirty theme-the amendment may
torials published in The Michigan Daily
written by members of The Daily staff
represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB KEITH
ASHING ON-Washington right now is
the land bf milk and headlines for in-
,igators and the latest elite corps are
he P is for Sen. Lyndon Johnson's pre-
edness committee which has just lowered
boom on the Air Force for its "greedy
irresponsible" handling of enlisted men
..ackland Field, Texas. The P could also
id for a certain amount of privation since
P-men learned what had happened at
kland by experiencing it right down to
heatless tents and 3 a.m. breakfasts.
But they got their story documented
d a well-done luncheon here attended
Secretary of War Pace, Chief of Naval
erations Sherman and Assistant Secre-
y of the Air Force Zuckert. Concluding
sub-committee counsel Don Cook, their
s, gave them their terse instructions.:
ou are to remember two F's-facts and
mess. If you get the first, the second
1 take care of itself."
make another stab in a posthumous char-
acter-assasination of Franklin Roosevelt.
Drawing its initial support from the Re-
publican 80th Congress, and state legisla-
tures controlled by Dixiecrats and the GOP,
the amendment has been permitted to sneak
through unobstrusively. Practically the
first public note of the project since its Con-
gressional debut appeared last week as it
maneuvered through its thirtieth legisla-
The Republicans reluctance to turn on
their usually hoopla machinery in plugging
this amendment becomes clear when the
purpose of the two year tenure amendment
* * *
THEAMENDMENT, its supporters hope,
will imply that there was something ethi-
cally "wrong" in F.D.R.'s running for a
third term. To most Dixiecrats and to a
large segment in the GOP this character-
assassination is enough to justify passage.
Moreover to the less vindictive but more
cynical of the Republican party, the amend-
ment is a means of counteracting the magic
of the Roosevelt name-a potent force in re-
In brief it is an expedient attempt at poli-
But it is political vengeance which
could end in catastrophe. Certainly there
is no such creature as the indispensable
man. Nevertheless there are men who are
better able to meet thechallenges of the
presidency than others. And future gen-
erations are going to present the chief
executive with an almost unlimited series
It is very likely that we may sometime
need the services of an outstanding chief
executive for more than the usual two
terms-perhaps the services of a Republi-
Shackling the voters of this democracy
in their choice of the best man for the presi-
dency would then be a perilous price to pay
for the satisfaction of Roosevelt-haters.
THE NEW suspension plan was not the
only discipline gimmick introduced to a
rule-weary campus last week.
The girls of Stockwell got the word
from the officers of their student govern-
ment on how they should conduct them-
selves in their lounge. There are the girls
were told, some things, harrumph, that a
NICE girl JUST does not do in public.
But unfortunately, these offenses to good
taste-such as taking one's feet off the
carpet while one was sitting on a sofa
with a male, teh! tch!-were of late being
committed with increasing frequency in
the Stockwell Lounge.
To remedy this situation, it was an-
nounced, monitors would in the future be
on virtue patrols in the lounge, eagle-eyed
for feet which were not on the carpet, and1
other such examples of gross immorality.
If a monitor sees what she thinks is a suf-
ficiently serious breach, the girls were
warned, she will wade in and inform the
hapless lass that she should report to the
dorm's council. (The council is made up of
the dorm's officers and the assorted house
directors). If the council decides against a
girl, they can give her social pro. This
ould not only mean that she couldn't con-
sort with her male in the lounge, but that
for a week end she would be denied mascu-
line companionship of any kind after 8 p.m.
This recital is not to criticize the ruling.
Rather it is to point out a botched up job.
Ladies, you who thought up this plan, you've
fouled up something horrible. Though you
may deny this fundamentally the aim of
your plan is to keep American young woman-
hood--or at least the segment of it abiding
in Stockwell-chaste and pure. But, sweet
ladies, your scheme will have just the oppo-
site effect. The majority of the girls in
your Hostelry on Observation Hill can't help
but be more farsighted than you. With no
difficulty, ladies of the plan, they'll be able
to put things together, to see "Lounge" and
"Social Probation" can only mean "Stay
Out of Lounge."
And with spring coming on too.
The Week's News
*...IN RETROSPECT .
Xetted TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
M AJTER O EWr fACTr
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
hey are now back on the road with a
dule taking them to camps literally
Rhode Island to California. The John-
subcommittee got out a tough manpow-
rogram but they will try to see to it
the men are at least treated well.
Ok recruited his group from reserve
all men who had served in World War
nost of them overseas. They had all
the kind of experience every boy new
he service gets; they don't have to ask
the boys feel-they know, since it so
ntly happened to them.
ry humanly, Senator Johnson is a lit-
ain of the fact that his investigators
out a troublesome situation that a com-
ee ofreminent civilians, appointed by
Air Force, had failed to find at all. The
ent civilians cocktailed with the com-
ing officer, according to the senator,
e his men stood in the chow lines.
iat particularly aroused Senator John-
was the effort by a press officer to im-
reports of bad conditions to "subver-
The sub-committee has gone out
s way to impress upon the military that
scapegoat, so popular in Washington,
not.work with them.
e extensive energies of the subcommit-
,hairman will be taken up for a while
with piloting the manpower bill through
Senate. Since he has had a unanimous
of approval from the entire Armed
ces Committee, that shouldn't be too
bw doubt that then and perhaps in
veen times, just to make sure he is not
gotten, he will think of other things
o. The junior senator from Texas is
d by reports in a magazine article that
s running for Vice President. In the
place, no one ever admits to running
ess than the top of the ticket; besides,
Johnson aspirations are plainly high-
His preparedness subcommittee will
care of his press for a very long
; at least it is being run intelligently.
>ther ambitious young senator has not
quite so fortunate personally with an-
subcommittee which also is extremely
1. Sen. Estes Kefauver, chairmanof
rime Subcommittee, has learned the
way that everybody is against crime
t in his own district around election
Some Democrats-notably the former
ity leader, Scott Lucas of Illinois-
cut him, blaming him in part for their
s, because he exposed scandals in
senator from Tennessee is philosophi-
'he job had to be done and time takes
f a great many things purely political.
WASHINGTON-"They're all acting like
pigs." These are the bitter words of a
disgusted mobilization official who has
watched with dismay the scramble for spe-
cial privilege which is going on as mobiliza-
tion gets under way. This vast collective
insult was of course an exaggeration. But
it .is enough to suggest why mobilization
chief Charles E. Wilson's much-publicized
battle with organized labor is only a prelude
to further battles with agriculture and bus-
The significant thing about the row with
labor is that all the issues ostensibly in
dispute are essentially fake issues. Sen-
sible labor leaders agree In private that
the proposed 10 per cent wage rise limit
-which is actually greater than the in-
crease in the cost of living-is not really
so outrageous as they make out in public.
They also privately agree that Secretary
of Labor Maurice Tobin has no real busi-
ness running the whole man power require-
ments of the nation, including such matters
as military deferments and inductions; and
moreover that Tobin himself is something
less than a genius. As for the third osten-
sible issue, the appointment of a labor offi-
cial on Wilson's staff, Wilson offered this
concession long ago. He has now renewed
the offer, in a notably conciliatory reply to
the letter in which the labor leaders virtu-
ally called him a liar. So this can hardly
be rated a real issue either.
The real issues go deeper. For one thing,
labor feels that President Truman has not
paid off for labor support in 1948. When
they talk about Truman, the labor men
sound rather like Lear-"How sharper than
a serpent's tooth it is to have a Thankless
child." There are other complications, like
jealousy of John L. Lewis. But the basic
motivation of the labor revolt is very simple.
The labor men are convinced that business
and agriculture have jostled into a favored
position at the mobilization trough, and la-
bor wants to get its share while the getting
* * * *
THE FACT IS that business and the farm-
ers have by and large been no more eager
than labor to accept anything smacking of
sacrifice, in the national interest. Wilson is
perfectly aware of this, which is why his
battle with labor is only a first round. The
second round, this time with agriculture,
has in fact already started within the Ad-
ministration, and it will soon be fought out
on the public stage of Congress.
The powerful farm organizations have
taken the stand that the parity formula is
sacrosanct, and that they will fight to the
last ditch against any attempt to amend
the mobilization law to permit control
of any food prices below parity. This
means, according to the estimates of Wil-
son's staff, that food prices will climb an
average 5 per cent before they can be
controlled. This in turn will reinforce
demands for higher wages, to the point
where the process of spiralling prices
might get wholly out of hand. Wilson is
determined that this shall not happen.
He therefore proposes to go to Congress
very soon and demand authority to control
certain'food prices below parity. Inevitably,
Agriculture Secretary Charles Brannan is
fighting this proposal. It is likely that Presi-
dent Truman will support Wilson in the end,
and that Wilson will therefore soon be in-
volved in another unholy row, this time with
the farm organizations and the Congression-
al farm bloc.
AS FOR BUSINESS, Wilson and his chief
aids, despite their reputation as con-
servatives, have been looking with a very
fishy eye at certain business practices. Al-
most five billion defense dollars, according
to Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston, have
already gone down the drain because of
higher prices charged to the Defense De-
partment. This cannot possibly be account-
ed for wholly in terms of higher costs. For
many defense items, the Defense Depart-
ment has in effect been subject to a sort of
polite holdup. Many businesses are refusing
to bid on defense orders, simply because
the civilian market is more lucrative.
Wison is determined to deal with this
sort of thing. Moreover, he is convinced
that in many cases amortization rates are
much too high, in effect permitting in-
dustry to build new plants at the expense
of the taxpayer, and he intends to deal
with this matter also. Thus a third Wil-
son battle, this time with business, is
also in prospect.
No nation can embark on a great rearm-
ament program and maintain its standard
of living absolutely intact. Yet the tragedy
of the present situation is that Wilson and
his advisers are deeply convinced that only
a little self-denial will get the national
A NEW UNIVERSITY POLICY was revealed last week. According
to Ann Arbor Alderman Green, campus parking lot attendants
have taken to pushing un-tagged cars out into the street. The re-
sulting jam, Green declared, was left for city police to untangle.
* * * *
Around the World...
KOREA-Slightly over a week ago it began. On Saturday, Feb-
ruary 17, the main portion' of the Communist west-central Korean
front shuddered under repeated blows, then suddenly gave. From
Inchon in the west to Wonju, 36 miles away in the central part of
the peninsula, the Reds began to retreat. Throughout the week the
pull-back continued, as large masses of Red troops moved north
faster and faster. The UN drive, along a muddy front expanded to
60 miles, was backed by heavy air attacks and shelling from warships
along the coast. Yesterday, the advance met increasingly heavy resis-
tance, and the Communists were expected to make a stand in the
mountains beyond the vital highway hub of Hoengsong.
MORE PACTS-The great powers in the world continued to line
up forces last week. A triangular defense pact with Australia and
New Zealand was being discussed by John Foster Dulles in the Pacific
communities, as a start toward a broad Pacific pact along the lines
of the already-existing North Atlantic Pact. Meanwhile, General
Dwight Eisenhower appeared in Europe again to take over as com-
mander of the Atlantic Pact army.
ANDRE GIDE-Late Monday night, at his Paris home in the
Rue Vaneau, a writer died, a writer in whose diversified work lay the
essence of twentieth century France. Andre Gide was perhaps not a
great author, but the vitality and interest which he consistently
expressed in new directions was set with an individual artistry.
* * * *
ARMED FORCES MANPOWER-The problem of how to get
more men and which men to get underwent considerable discussion
this week in the various higher circles of the armed forces and in
Congress. In general, things looked better for Army and Air Force
reservists and National Guardsmen, and considerably worse for 18
year olds, particularly 18 and a half year olds. On Monday, the Air
Force led off by announcing that their plan to recall some 80,000
officers and enlisted men would be halted, about a month after its
initiation. The next day, it was disclosed that no more National
Guard and reserve divisions other than the six now in service would
be called up for the Army, unless the national crisis takes a turn for
the worse. However, units of less than divisional size are still liable
Meanwhile, the question of whether or not to draft 18 year olds
continued to be kicked around Congress. On Thursday, Chairman
Vinson of the Armed Services Committee introduced a compromise
bill proposing that 18 and one half year olds be drafted, although
they would not be sent overseas until turning 19. A new round of
hearings will begin tomorrow on the whole topic.
LABOR DEADLOCK-About a week and a half ago, the nine-
man Wage Stabilization Board approved, by a six to three vote, a
policy that provided for ten per cent future wage increases. The
vote split along the expected lines: the three labor members, pushing
for a minimum increase of 12 percent, said no, while the three
industry and three public members voted in favor of the policy.
Soured on the affair, the labor members withdrew from the board
under orders from the United Labor Policy Committee.
Last week, their move seemed likely to send the whole labor-
mobilization situation into an inextricable snarl. Top labor offi-
cials battered the ten per cent wage raise limit with cries of
"unjustifiable and oppressive," while Walter Reuther, president
of the CIO Auto Workers, suggested that the AFL, CIO, and
railroad unions in the ULPC withdraw their support completely
from the mobilization program.
It was up to Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston to accept, modify,
or reject the wage limitation formula. But he made no decision
throughout conferences with labor leaders. On Friday, the labor
representatives had their first face-to-face meeting with Johnston's
boss, mobilization chief Charles E. Wilson. On Friday night, Wilson
announced that the present wage formula would be "modified again
to conform with the best interest of the entire economy." What he
meant by this was by no means clear. There was still no assurance
that the modifications would satisfy the labor demands.
NEW JOB--Francis C. Shiel has been business manager of Uni-
versity residence halls since 1939. Last week Shiel was promoted.
From now on he will head "Service Enterprises," a new administra-
tive department created out of certain units which were directed by
Wilbur Pierpont before he became University vice-president.
NEW DISCIPLINE PLAN-A new experimental disciplinary plan
which would allow students liable to expulsion from school to continue
by working off their punishment was revaled last week by Dean of
Students Erich Walter and Dean of Women Deborah Bacon. As yet,
the policy has only been "presented to women's organization for their
consideration," and will not go into general effect until okayed by
these groups and administrative officials. The system involves putting
in a certain number of hours of work at University Hospital while
going on with school. The student would be paid, but would be re-
quired to donate his earnings to a charity.
LESS PATERNALISM?-University officials took another step
in strengthening student-administration relations this week as Pres-
ident Ruthven called together 12 student leaders and a number of
administration officials to formally launch a permanent "President's
Chuck Elliott and Bob Keith I
(Continued from Page 2)
the Sonata in C minor, Op. 30, No. 2.
The second and third concerts will be
played Fri., Mar. 2, and Tues., Mar. 6.
All are open to the public without
Westminster Guild: 9:45 a.m., Student
Seminar in Religion. 5:30 p.m., Student
Supper. 6:30 p.m., Program: "Religion
and the Armed Services," Dr. John Mor-
ley. Col., USAF.
Canterbury Club: 9:00 a.m., Holy Com-
munion followed by Student Breakfast.
5 p.m., Evening Prayer, at which the
Schola Cantorum will sing six selec-
tions of the Brahms' Requiem, followed
by supper and meeting. Elections at
Michigan Christian Fellowship: 4 p.m.,
Lane Hall (Fireside Room). Dr. Kenneth
Pike, Professor of Linguistics, will lead
a panel discussion on Foreign Missions.
Lutheran Student Association: 5:30
p.m., Supper at Zion Lutheran Parish
Hall. 7 p.m., Speaker: Miss Frances Dy-
singer, Secretary for Promotions of the
Women's Missionary Society of the Uni-
ted Lutheran Church. Subject: "The
Church's Challenge to Its Students."
Roger Williams Guild: 9:30 a.m., Cof-
fee and doughnuts at Guild House. 10
p.m., Bible Study "Revelations." 6 p.m.,
Cost supper at Guild House. 6:45 p.m.,
Program with film, "How Jews Wor-
Unitarian students: 7:30 p.m., Mr.
Lloyd Berridge of the Health Service
will discuss, "The Personal Problems
Hillel: IZFA Study Group, Meeting,
2:30 p.m., League. Dr. Irving Sarnoff will
speak on "Some Aspects of Jewish Anti-
Semitism." All are welcome.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting, 2 p.m.,
League. Anyone interested is invited.
Hostelers: Trip Meeting, 1335 White
St., 7 p.m. Call 2-2823.
U. of M. Hot Record Society: Records
of TEDDY WILSON and LIONEL HAMP-
TON. 8 p.m., League. Public invited.
Art Print Loan Collection: Prints will
be given out in Room 510 Administra-
tion Building from 9 to 1 Monday
through Friday. There are still a few
prints available for those interested
in renting them.
American Chemical Society: Mon.,
Feb. 26, 8 p.m., Room 1300, Chemistry
Bldg. Dr. R. M. Burns, Chemical Di-
rector of Bell Telephone Laboratories,
will discuss "Chemists in the Tele-
phone Industry." Those interested are
Gothic Film Society: Meeting, Mon.,
Feb. 26, 8 p.m. Rackham Amphithea-
ter. Program: Five Chaplin Keystone
Comedies. Members intending to bring
guests may list them by .calling 21225.
Members who have not yet paid their
subscription fee must do so before or
at Monday's meeting.
Women of the University Faculty:
Weekly tea, Tues., Feb. 27, 4 to 6 p.m.,
Club Room, League.
Japanese society of Michigan (Kin-
dai Nihon Kenkyukai) presents Dr.
Richard Beardsley, of the Anthropology
Department, and Dr. Robert Ward, of
the Political Science Department, in an
informal program, "Highlights and Side-
lights of Today's Japan," Tues., Feb. 27,
8 p.m., West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. .
La P'tite Causette: Mon., Feb. 26, 3:30
Le Cercle Francais: Meeting, Mon.,
Feb. 26, 8 p.m., Grand Rapids Room,
League. Elections. Prof. Marc Denkin-
ger will lecture with slides on "Les
Aventures de M. Vieux-Bois," by Toepf-
Women's International House Meet-
ing: Mon., Feb. 26, 8 p.m., Nelson House,
915 Oakland. Everyone welcome.
Young Progressives: Open meeting,
Tues., Feb. 27, 7:30 p.m., Union. Speak-
er: Prof. Sheppard, Psychology Depart-
ment. "Psychology of Freedom with Re-
ference to Asia."
Engineering Smoker: Tues., Feb. 27,
7:30 p.m., Union. Prof. s. W. Boston,
Department of Metal Processing, "Crit-
ical materials and methods in our pre-
sent emergency." Entertainment furn-
ished by aprestidigator. Engineers, ar-
chitects, and technologists invited.
Sponsored by Sigma Rho Tau.
I 1Atir1~izt kir
Whither Phoenix ?,...
To the Editor:
A UNIVERSITY has a contribu-
tion to make to the community
in its scientific research. It also
has a contribution to make in the
field of ideas. The Phoenix Pro-
ject in its early stages was a happy
combination of the two-a practi-
cal scientific project and a hope
to the world that the atom may be
channeled into peaceful produc-
tivity. But what has happened to
From the viewpoint of a con-
fused bystander, Phoenix has be-
come a catch-all phrase under
which industry can contribute for
whatever research work it happens
to want done.
What, for instance, does re-
search into the "growth of aspen
in the northern part of the lower
peninsula" have to do with the
rising of Phoenix from the ashes
This is not intended as ridicule
of such projects. Undoubtedly
they will contribute to the nation
and our productivity. But must
they be done under the banner of
Phoenix? What is the trouble?
Aren't American businessmen will-
ing to contribute to a real study of
the atom problem?
The University has a respon-
sibility to the people who took up
the Phoenix idea to maintain it as
a beacon in a world bent on turn-
ing atoms only to war.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Punishment .. .
To the Editor:
PROF. HEYNS says we should-
n't execute murderers because
clinical treatment might eventu-
ally rehabilitate them. Will it
also rehabilitate the victim? I
suggest a compromise. Rehabili-
tate the criminal (to justify the
existence of psychologists) then
Prof. Freedman says punish-
ment should be in the nature of
a deterrent against crime. If we
stopped our gentle methods of
handling criminals (especially
with sex crimes) we might suc-
ceed in deterring some crimes.
Yes, punishment should be a det-
errent against crime but it should
also be retribution for those who
fail to be deterred.
Prof. White says minor penalty
will deter crime just as effective-
ly as boiling in oil! To this I can
reply briefly. Nonesense!
Because you psychologists, so-
ciologists, lawyers, etc. have been
having a field day, we have es-
tablished a new and disgusting
precedent of sympathy for the
murderer rather than the victim.
You ignore the fact that the vic-
time conformed to social law and
the murderer did not. You ignore
the fact that the victim is dead!-
-G. Adomian, Grad.
FREEDOM in a democracy is the
glory of the state, and, there-
fore, only in a democracy will the
free man of nature deign to dwell.
At The Michigan..
CALL ME MISTER, with Betty Grable,
Dan Dailey, and Danny Thomas.
DESPITE THE similarity in title, any re-
semblance between this and a pretty
sharp Broadway revue of a few years back
is completely artificial. Not ideally adapted
by nature to the movie musical formula, the
star system, or the gifts of Miss Grable, the
New York hit has been stripped by we-
know-better producers of practically every-
thing but the name. Around this nucleus
has been erected one of those unlikely plots,
the interest of which centers about the
production of an army show in Japan after
Miss Grable seems to be director-pro-
ducer and whatnot of this show; Dailey
is her right-hand man and ex-husband,
and yes, the boys even dress up in rouge
and ballet skirts to play the chorus line.
Despite all this, there seems to be a slim
chance that when the "show" is eventu-
ally put on, just a glimmer of what went
into the clever skits of the original might
be revealed. The glimmer is forthcoming
in what is easily the funniest sequence of
the picture-a burlesque of one of those
scenes at the Air Corps Officer's Club just
after the "successful mission".
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown..........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger............City Editor
Roma Lpsky .. ..... .Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ..........eature Editor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan........Associgte Editor
.'ames Gregory......solt Editor
Bill Connolly......... Sports Editor
Bob San dell.... Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton.. .. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara .ans........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels..........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible.... Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau....... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz.... Circulation Manager
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Subscription during regular school
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--and that's Let's see...The k
how itall I stolen money int
kids found :the
the old house
So the crooks captured the wrong bag and
| left the money... That's the story, isr't it?
And what if he knew the
a storv!I whole story he