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SCRATCH PAD
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Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a iiH

CLOUDY, COOL

VOL. LXI, No. 8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1950

SIX PAGES

India Seeks
Korea Peace
Compromise
Yugoslavia Adds
Support to Plea
LAKE SUCCESS - O) - Comi
munist Yugoslavia joined Indi
yesterday in asking the Unitec
Nations to try to find a compro-
mise solution between East an
West programs for Korean peace.
The Russian plan, supported b
the Slav Bloc, demands an in-
stant cease fire, withdrawal o:
foreign troops, setting up af elec
tion observation commission to in
ude' Russia and Red China, an
elections to be held in both Norti
and South Korea to unify th
country.
But a succession of other dele
gates in the Genetal Assembly 60
Nation Political Committee pile
up support for an eight-natio
plan to unite the country as a
independent nation.
i ~The eight-nation plan is spon
sored by Britain, ~Australia, th
Philippines, Pakistan, Cuba, Bra
zil, the Netherlands and Norway
It. calls for UN supervision ove
Korea through a commission tha
would arrange for and supervis
elections, unify the country, an
arrange for its rehabilitation.
AUSTRAIJAN VIEWPOINT
Australia told the committe
that North Korean resistance mus
be smashed and the entire ountr
occupied by the UN todguaranteh
peace and unity. Canada and th
Philippines agreed generally wit
this and the statement found wid
support from other speakers.
* Canada's Lester B. Pearson als
said that Andrei Vishinsky, Sovie
Foreign Minister, had rejected an
idea of compromise in a state-
ment last night.
Both the Yugoslav and India
delegation leaders rapped Russiar
proposals to pull UN forces out 0:
Korea immediately..
Yugoslav Foreign Minister Ed.
yard Kardeij suggested, however,
that the 38th parallel should be
continued as an administrative
boundary between the two section:
of Korea until the country i
ready for unification.
Nationalist China, Ecuador
Burma and El Savador joined the
parade of countries favoring the
8-nation plan.
INDIA'S VIEWPOINT
Sir Benegal N. Rau, Chief In-
dan Delegate, expressed fea
that UN occupation of all Korea
as demanded by Australia's Exter-
nal Affairs Minister, Percy Spen-
der, would "increase tension ir
that part of the world" and might
stiffen North Korean resistance.
Rau has made no secret of In-
dia's worry that Red China might
take a hand in the Korean con-
flict.
The debate promised to go into
tomorrow despite the anxiety of
most delegates to get action on the
eight nation plan. The Economic
and Social Qommittee has been
alerted to stand by for an emer-
gency meeting to adopt measures
for Korean rehabilitation as soon
is the majority plan is approved.
Hootkins Will
Talk Tonight
A general assembly of all grad-
uate students working for doctoral
degrees will be held at 7:30 p.m.
today in Rackham Lecture Hall.

Hirsch Hootkins will address the
meeting. He will explain the lan-
guage requirement for the degree.
Hootkins is the language examiner
for students working on their doc-
torate.
He will discuss the possibility
and method of substituting lan-
guages, the various methods of
preparing for the exam, and the
exam itself. A question and an-
swer period will follow.
The assembly has been called to
clarify many difficulties regarding
the language requirement, accord-
ing to Melvin Marcus, president of
the Graduate Student Council. He
urged all graduate students to
attend.
'M' Club Founder
Has Heart Attack

New Papers May'
. or t ores
Prove Red Aimns
Pittsburgh Judge Gives 'Sensational' lI fPC [I
Documents To House Committee

Supply

Lines

UN

Air

Power

PITTSBURGH-(J)-A Pittsburgh judge today produced a bulky
sheaf of seized documents he said proves the Communist party in
America is a war machine which seeks to overthrow the government.
Judge Michael A. Musmanno said he sent 17 documents to the
House Un-American Activities Committee which establishes the aims
of the American Communists without question.
Investigators for the House committee in Washington called the
papers "sensational in import." The documents will be given to com-
mittee members when they return to the Capital next month.
Musmanno, Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of
Pennsylvania, released photostatic copies of letters, directives and
pamphlets he said he took from the desk of Steve Nelson, Chairman
of the Communist Party of West-

Prominent
Ann Arbor
Counsel Dies
George J. Burke, prominent Ann
Arbor attorney who held many im-
portant positions in state, na-
tional, and international affairs,
died suddenly yesterday afternoon
while at his office in the Ann Ar-
bor Trust Building.
Death was believed to have re-
sulted from a heart attack as he.
had been hospitalized for a heart
condition last spring but had re-
covered and resumed duties as
senior partner in the law firm of
Burke, Burke, and Smith.
He was 64 years old.
Recently serving as a judge at
the war crimes trial in Nuren-
burg, Germany, Burke was active
in public affairs throughout his
life.
Burke served as attorney for
the University, where he received
his bachelor of laws degree in
1907. He was also attorney for
the Ann Arbor Trust Company,
the Ann Arbor Bank, and other
major public and private institu-
tions.
He was a former member and
chairman of the Michigan Civil
Service Conimission and acted as
a legal counsellor to the Office of
Price Administration during the
war.
He was chairman of the board
of directors of Argus, Inc. and
president of a Howell insurance
company.
He is survived by his wife, three
sons and seven grandchildren.
Inflation May
Cut Air .Force
WASHINGTON -()_-The Air
Force today blamed rising prices
for tacking $315,000,000 to $360,-
000,000 onto the cost of its pro-
gram to build 4,428 new planes by
mid 1952.
Undersecretary of Air John Mc-
Cone told the House Armed Ser-
vices Committee that soaring pric-
es will mean the Air ,Force must
do one of two things:
1. Either cut its program by
the equivalent of 750 F-86 jet
fighter planes
2. Or get more money from
Congress.
Chairman Vinson (D-Ga.) quick-
ly discounted any idea of reduc-
ing the number of planes which
the Air Force says are needed to
safeguard the United States in
the event of World War III.

ern Pennsylvania, in an Aug. 31
raid on Nelson's office.
Nelson and two aides now are
free on $10,000 bonds on charges
of sedition filed by Musmanno.
REDS ANSWER
In New York, a spokesman ,,at
Communist Party headquarters
termed the charges "ridiculous,"
adding, "it's just another Mus-
manno stunt. He's been slapped
down twice by the Supreme Court
of Pennsylvania and now he's try-
ing something else."
One paper Musmanno found-4A
entitled "guide for speakers" ---
said:
"In Korea the people have had
the opportunity of witnessing the
liberating role-not only in words
but in deeds-of the Soviet troops
and the Soviet occupation forces,
as contrasted with the enslaving
role of American troops and the
American military authorities."
Other documents include orders
and directives which told of the
infiltration being attempted by
Communists among employes of
the Carnegie-Illinois and Jones
and Laughlin steel corporations.
Ford Planits
Hit- byStrike
Rouge Wildcat Will
Throw88,000 Out
DETROIT-(.P)-The Ford Motor
Co. declared last night a wildcat
strike of 2,800 workers in the steel
rolling mill of the River Rouge
Plant will result in a gradual shut-
down of all Detroit area plants.
President Carl Stellato of the
Ford Local of the CIO United Auto!
Workers ordered the men to re-
turn to their jobs today. The com-
pany reported, however, the men
failed to show up for the 4 p.m.
shift.
"We cannot permit wildcat!
strikes of a few members to affect
the democratic and economic
rights of 65,000 Ford Rouge work-
ers," Stellato declared in issuing
the back-to-work order.
Forecasting a gradual shutdown
of Ford operations in the Detroit
area, Del S. Harder, vice-president
in charge of manufacturing, said,
"by the end of the week 88,000
persons will be laid off. 'Within
another three to 10 days, depend-
ing upon the geographical loca-
tions, other company plants will
be forced to close causing the lay-
off of another 37,000 persons."
Workers in the rolling mill walk-
ed out in protest against a deci-
sion by Dr. Harry S. Shulman, im-
partial umpire under Ford's con-
tract with the union.

Soviets Call
For Strike
In Austria
Reds Order All
Workers off Jobs
VIENNA, Austria -{A)- Com-
munists called for a general strike
throughout Austria at midnight
last night and the Western Allies
braced themselves for possible vio-
lence, sabotage and a Berlin-like
blockade of Vienna, 90 miles be-'
hind the Iron Curtain.
Orders were issued to 50,000
workers in Russian-controlled fac-
tories to stay off the job. Against
this threat the government issued
rifles and steel helmets to Vienna
police for the first time since 1938
and put all Austrian police and
firemen on the alert.
Thirty Communists were ar-
rested by Vienna police this morn-
ing after trying unsuccessfully to
cut street car service in the Ameri-
can sector, Socialist Party head-
quarters announced.
The Communists hoped to bring
off a general strike of all public
utilities and factories and a con-
sequent breakdown of the govern-
ment.
It was not possible to judge the
effects of the call in the first few
hours. Power stations continued
working past midnight, trains left
on schedule and telephone com-
munications were normal.
REAL TEST COMING
But the real test will come when
factories and other establishments
open for business this morning.
The Communists claimed thatI
the workers were leaving their
posts in Russian-controlled factor-
ies in the Soviet Zone.
Vienna itself was quiet in the
early hours after midnight.
Defying a Communist ultima-
tum to grant a 20 per cent wage
increase by midnight, a govern-
ment appeal was plastered on bill-
boards and broadcast by radio and
press.
It called on the Austrian people
to ignore the strike call, throw Red
rioters out of the factories and
destroy their roadblocks in a fight
for "freedom."
Austria's 7,000,000 people anxi-
ously awaited the outcome of a
test which seemed aimed at soft-
ening their anti-Communist gov-
ernment and putting the country
on the road to becoming another
East European "Peoples' Democ-
racy."

Conimmuist

AIRBORNE INSPECTOR--Grinning from the cockpit of a F-51 Mustang is Lt. Col. Marshall Strick-
ler of the Air Force just after he landed at Ann Arbor airport yesterday for an inspection of Air
Force ROTC facilities. Greeting him on the left is Lt. Col. William Todd, commanding officer of
the University AFROTC. Col. Strickler, who is from the Office of the Special Assistant to Air Force
Chief of Staff Hoyt Vandenberg, flew to the campus direct from USAF headquarters at the Penta-
gon in Washington. Col. Strickler was the second top-level officer to visit the campus in the past
week, the other being Major General Harry Johnson, commanding officer of the Tenth Air Force.
On his return trip east, Col. Strickler will visit ROTC units at other colleges and universities.,

State Dept.
Hits Bridges'
For Charges
WASHINGTON - (P - The
State Department hit back at
Senator Bridges (R-NH) tonight
for his charge that Secretary of
State Acheson is engineering a
"grand sell-out" to the Chinese
Communists.
The New Hampshire Senator, a
longtime critic of Acheson's fore-
ign policy, issued a statement ear-
lier in the day accusing Acheson
of "opening the back door" for,
the entrance of Red China into
the United Nations.
He said this meant "giving away
everything won by the blood of
our youths" in the Korean war.
The State Department promptly
denounced Bridges' statement as a
"rash, unfounded accusation" and
declared that such "carping criti-
cism . . . can only weaken the
United Nations and give aid and
comfort to propagandists of thel
Soviet Union."
Bridges said he received a report
three weeks ago that an under-
standing had been reached be-
tween the U.S. State Department
and the British Foreign Office to
arrange for the admission of Red
China into the UN. The depart-
ment said this was a lie.
FIRST MOVE
Bridges said the first move was
made last Friday when the UN
Security Council vote 7 to 3 to in-
vite representatives of Communist
China to present their complaints
of alleged American aggression
in Formosa.
Bridges also noted that the reso-
lution inviting the Chinese Com-
.munists to present their case was
the first in resolution adopted
since Acheson personally took
charge of the U.S. Delegation.
The Department then made
these points:
1. The United States "in clear
and forceful terms" opposed the
resolution to hear the Chinese
Communists in the UN, but was
outvoted.
2. A proposal to seat the Chi-'
nese Communists in the UN, in-
stead of the present Chinese Na-
tionalist delegates, has already
been defeated "under the leader-
ship of Secretary Acheson."

YP's Hear U' Students
Report on IUS Meeting

Campus Young Progressives last
night heard a first-hand report
from two students recently re-
turned 'from the Second World
Student Congress of the Interna-
tional Union of Students in
Prague.
At the same time the non-par-
tisan Students for Dawson or-
ganization met at the home of
Mrs. Margaret Price in Barton
Tito .Asks U.S.
For Surplus
In FoodCrisis
WASHINGTON -(P)- Marshal
Tito's Yugoslavia is pressing the
United States for help in meeting
a threatened food crisis resulting
from a disastrous summer drought.
The bread ration was cut 10 per
cent last week. Ambassador Vladi-
mir Popovic, back from a trip to
Belgrade, has conferred twice at
the State Department on the sit-
uation in the last few days, in-
formed officials said today.
Meanwhile American Ambassa-
dor George Allen has been having
talks in the Yugoslav capital and
reporting on the food difficulties
to Washington.
INELIGIBLE FOR ECA
Officials confidently expect a
response to the call for help, in
line with the .American policy of
sustaining Yugoslavia against So-
viet pressure. But at the moment
they are stumped about how to do
it.
The Yugoslav regime, which re-
mains Communist despite Tito's
feud with Moscow, is ineligible for
grants from the Economic Cooper-
ation Administration.
It already has received a cash or
pledges for $55,000,000 in loans
from the Export Import Bank and
has a $25,000,000 loan pending
with the World Bank, but these
are earmarked for industrial and
other development purposes, rather
than for food requirements.
With Congress in recess until
Nov. 27, the outlook; is dim for
early action on new authorization
legislation. Finding a solution is
considered urgent.

Hills to hear their candidate speak
and to elect officers.
At the YP meeting, Ed Lanning,
'52, and Myron Sharpe, Grad., re-
viewed their reactions to the IUS
conference. Lanning said that"he
was "convinced peace is not im-
possible if we work to get it." He
asserted that the peoples of war-
ravaged Europe do not want arm-
ed conflict.
Lanning and Sharpe both con-
demned Cornell University for ex-
pelling John Marquesee for his.
behavior at the Congress. Mar-
quesee, they reported, seconded a
resolution asking for a cease fire
in Korea and a UN-sponsored gen-
eral election in that country.
DISCUSSES NSA
Later in the meeting, Lanning
declared that the National Stu-
dent Association has not cooper-
ated with the INS. He said that
NSA decided to attend the Con-
gress in order to search out non-
Communist students behind the
iron curtain.
At the Students for Dawson
meeting, Prof. John P. Dawson,
Democratic candidate for Con-
gress, declared that "it is essen-
tial that we continue a program
of reform and change. We need
to offer- our people the prospect of
steady improvement in our so-
ciety through the processes of
democracy."
ATTACKS "NEGATION"
Prof. Dawson attacked the lead-
ership of the Republican party as
offering "only, negation." He re-
ported that he had challenged his
Republican opponent, George Mea-
der, to debate pertinent issues
during the campaign.
Warren Elliott, '52L, was elect-
ed coordinating chairman of Stu-
dents for Dawson. Dave Marsden,
'51L, and Jim Jans, Grad., ex-
president of Student Legislature,
were named to head the campaign
in the law school and all other
schools, respectively.
Consul Ousted
PRAGUE - Czechoslovakia ac-
cused the British Vice Consul in
Bratislava yesterday of spying and
demanded that he and his Czech-
born wife leave the country with-
in 48 hours.

Forces Fail
To Appear
Southern Troops
Still Advancing
TOKYO-(IP)-United Nations
air power blasted Red supply ar-
teries in Noith Korea today but
searched in vain for signs of a
Communist defense line against
South Korean forces advancing 50
miles be~nd the 38th parallel..
Pilots claimed they knocked out
85 comouflaged trucks in a Red,
convoy moving down Tuesday
from the direction of Chinese
Communist Manchuria. Swarms
of carrier-based and land-based
planes pressed the widespread aer-
ial attacks and light bombers kept
the assault 1 going through the
night.
. In addition the Navy reported
today that carrier-based Chsair
fighters knocked out six more
camouflaged trucks north of the
Communist capital at Pyongyang.
Pyongyang continued to ignore
General MacArthur's ultimatum,'
broadcast hourly since yunday
for the Communists to surrender
or face inevitable destruction.
But the North Korean High
Command communique broadcast
today made this admission:
"On all fronts, the People's
(Communist) Army is withdraw-
ing to undertake new duties."
RED ATROCITIES
In South Korea, the mop up of
disorganized' Reds by U.N. libera-
tion forces disclosed evidence of
new Communist atrocities.
A United States officer, Col.
Francis Gillette, said gruesome
photographic proof would be sent
to the United Nations that the
Reds bayonetted; shot and burned
to death more than 700 civilians,
including children, at Yangpyong
36 miles east of Seoul.
"It will be extremely difficult
to prevent retaliation measures
in the future," Gillette's report
stated.
To avoid border incidents with
the Chinese Reds, American planes
are observing a 30-mile bomb free
zone along the Manchurian bor-
der.
Carrier-based planes struck co-
ordinated blows. A Navy summary
today said the raiders knocked
out spans of three river bridges
north of Pyongyang. The planes,
from Task Force 77, raided "the
western half of Korea north of
the 38th parallel," the Navy said.
The Far East Air Force said
light bombers ranged up and down
the North Korean railway lines
from midnight until dawn, bomb-
ing supply arteries and hunting
for any sign of large southbound
troop movements.
B-29s aso worked over a major
Red troop concentration area at
Sariwon, 35 miles south of Pyong-
yang.
GROUND TROOPS ARRIVE
The closest American ground
forces were 115 air miles southeast
of Pyongyang at the time the sup-
ply movements were detected and
blasted from the air.
U.S. Marines punched into the
outskirts of Uijongbu, 12 miles
northeast of Seoul, wiping out 250
rear guard Reds and four tanks
which put up fierce resistance.
Meanwhile AP correspondent
William Jorden with South Ko-
rean forces north of 38th parallel
reported well-fed and fresh North
Korean troops were among pri-
soners captured by the Republican
Capital Division above the old
boundary line.

Jorden said a column of 75
trucks loaded with troops was re-
ported moving south along the
Korean east coast after aerial at-
tacks, but pilots were unable to
locate them.

PRODUCTIVITY UP:
Pollock Calls, German
Recovery Remarkable

German recovery from the dev-
astation of war has been astonish-
ing, Prof. James K. Pollock, re-
cently returned to campus after
a summer as a special adviser to
the U.S. High Commissioners in
Germany, said yesterday.
Prof. Pollock, chairman of the
political science department, as-
serted that at no time since the
end of hostilities have the German
people seemed as normal or so
happy as at the present.
"The German reconstruction
program has reached its peak, pro-

police force by 10,000 men under
authorization of the Allied High
Command.
Pollock did not feel there is any
danger from a strong German po-
lice force as long as Germany re-
mains an occupied nation.
The German search for external
security is best exemplified by
the activities of Chancellor Con-
rad Adenauer, according to Prof.
Pollock. Adenauer's greatest hope,
he says, is to foster a permanent
Franco-German friendship.
PR F CTTR L' (nT A 1'I'TA TTFR V

i

V7
w orld News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
JACKSONVILLE-Circuit Judge
Claude Ogilvie ruled yesterday
that Jacksonville's anti-Commu-
nist ordinance is unconstitutional.
ABROAD YACHT COMMAN-
DER - President Truman last
night was reported planning to is-
sue soon a proclamation for the
drafting of male physicians A-hd
dentists.
Congress passed a law early last
moirh authorizing the draft. The
President's proclamation would
fix the registration date.
* * *
PITTSBURGH - A strike of
mailing room workers brought an
abrupt halt yesterday to daily
newspaper publishing in Pitts-
burgh.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Agricul-
ture Department warned yesterday
that the nation's meat supply is
endangered by a new variant of
hog cholera in the midwestern hog
belt.
T-LMQTTYT Ltvr:LT f*n

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