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VOL. LXI, No. 2 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 27, 1950
Ask Settlement o
NEW YORK-()- The Nort
Atlantic Treaty Council agree
last night upon establishing at thc
earliest possible date a combine
force for the defense of Wester
Europe and in effect tpld its D(
fense Committee to settle the ques
tion of using German manpowe
The 12-member council issued
communique at the conclusion
a series of talks here.
THE COMMUNIQUE laid dow
the following principles:
1. A combined force will be o
.ganized under the North Atantic
Treaty Organization and will be
subject to political and strategic
guidance exercised by the ap-
propriate agencies of that or-
2. The force will be under a su
preme commander who will hav
F . sufficient delegated authority t
insure that national units allo
cated to his command are organiz
ed and trained into an effectiv
integrated force in time of peac
as well as in war.
3. The supreme commander
will be supported by an inter-
national staff representing all
nations contributing to the
4. Pending appointment of a su
preme commander, there is to b
appointed a chief of staff who wi
have responsibility for trainin
and organization of the force.
On the question of creatingGer
man military units for use in
combined force the Council de
cided.to request its Defense Coin
mittee, made up of the defens
ministers, to study the proble
and make recommendations at th
earliest possible date on the mos
useful way in which German man
power can be used.
se of Army
To Be Probed
ing investigation of the Army'
use of manpower, its needs in tha
field and how it intends to fil
hem, was announced yesterday
6y the House Armed Services Com
The hearings will cover every
angle of the subject from the rea
sons why so many draftees ar
being rejected to estimates on the
x' number of American troops wh
may have to help guard Europe
against Communist aggression.
CHAIRMAN VINSON (D-Ga)
announced the inquiry. Similar
check-ups for the Navy and Ai
Force are probable later.
Some of the answers Vinson
wants came out about the time
\of his announcement.
Col Daniel O. Omer, General
Cousel of Selective Service, said
all the manpower needs now in
sight can be met from the present
19 through 25 age group if some
of the rules are relaxed.
HE SAID it would take drafting
r of childless married men and vete-
rans of World War II, and taking
4-F's for military duties in which
their disabilities would not inter-
fere, to build up and maintain a
3,000,000 man army within those
He said the armed services are
turning down half of the men
sent them through the draft,
and on that basis figured draft
boards will have to send up
2,400,000 by next June 30. That,
he said, would furnish the 1,200,-
000 men needed to build the ser-
vices up to their goal of 3,000,-
The colonel figured that after
the 3,000,000-man strength is
reached, the draft will have to
provide 100,000 a month to main-
Allow Freshmen * *
n, InU'Glee Clubs igic
SAC Launches Year-Long Study of
First-Semester Eligibility QuestionI
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
In a sudden eversal of policy the Student Activities Committee
yesterday granted the Men's and Women's Glee Clubs exemption from Pit
the eligibility ban of freshmen. Egh h P t
SAC, in allowing first-semester freshmen to participate in the two
- groups, also announced a year ! 1- 17C:71
VIENNA, Austria - () - Thou-
sands of Austrian Communists
Icut Vienna's rail traffic to the
west temporarily yesterday and
clashed sporadically with police
- for eight hours in demonstrations
'e over wage and price scales,
o Vienna, like Berlin, is a four-
- power city nearly 100 miles be-
- hind the iron curtain in the So-
e viet Occupation Zone. But it
e never has had a serious blockade
THE AUSTRIAN Press Agency
said Communist demonstrators
also stormed through the Lin
City Hall in the American Occu-
pation Zone and made speeches
- from the balcony outside the may-
'e or's office.
11 Other unconfirmed reports
g told of Communist seizure of
government offices sin several
- provincial cities.
a About 12,000 Communists at-
- tempted to march on the chan-
cellory in central Vienna, where
e U.S. forces are in charge of keep-
n ing order this month. Roving
e bands clashed with police and mo-
t lested Americans and Britons re-
peatedly for eight hours. About 20
Austrian policemen were injured,
AT 2 P.M. men, women and
children squatted on the tracks
at Vienna's main railway station.
For three hours and 45 minutes
no train left or entered Vienna
from any direction.
So far ,no protest had been
made to the Russians. American
s officials said they felt a protest
t would be a waste of time. Although
l there was no outward indication
that the Russians had any. direct
- part in the incidents, the Austri-
an Communists would hardly act
y without Soviet approval.
e IFC Beoins
r Men may register for rushing
from 2 to 5 p.m. today, tomorrow
and Friday and from 9 a.m. to
noon Saturday in Rm. 3D of the
Union, according to Bruce Sodee,
1 '52, Interfraternity Council rush-
A meeting will be held at 7:30
p.m. tomorrow in the Natural Sci-
ence auditorium for all men who
are interested in rushing. A $2 fee
is charged for registration.
Rushing will begin with open
houses from 2 to 6 p.m. Sunday
and 7 to 10:30 p.m. Monday, Sodee
said. Rushees may be invited back
to smokers from 7:30 to 9:30 p.m.
Tuesday through Oct. 5 or to lun-
cheons Tuesday through Oct 6.
All will be quieton the rushing
front Oct. 7 and Oct. 8 except for
after-game socials Oct. 7, Sodee
added. Fraternities may ask the
rushees to dinners from Oct. 9 to
Oct. 14 and may ask men to pledge
from Oct. 11 to Oct. 15.
"We're beginning to breathe
again, and we need cartoons based
on campus situations," Bob Uchi-
telle, Gargoyle editor-in-chief de-
clared yesterday in sounding a call
for student help.
"What we want are cartoons and
writeups of any stock situation on
campus," he explained.--Such situ-
ations would include the length
of time you have to wait for a
book at the Library, and of fresh-1
man and seniors (sophomores and
irninrc, fr rmp r ann anPnf
long study of the entire question
of freshmnen participation in ex-
AT THE END of the year a defi-
nite and final decision will prob-
ably be made concerning freshmen
eligibility in all campus groups.
The new change in the eligi-
bility rulings came about as a
result of a petition presented to
SAC by Roy Duff, president of
the Men's Glee Club and Prof.
f Philip Duey, director.
A similar petition presented by
both glee clubs last spring was re-
fused by the SAC.
* * *
AS A RESULT, of yesterday's
meeting the committee expects
further petitions from other stu-
dent organizations 'asking for the
lifting of the ban on their group.
Each petition will be carefully
considered, a decision reached as
to the validity of each request
and permission granted or re-
fused, according to an SAC
When informed of SAC's favor-
able answer to their petition Duff
expressed his appreciation and a
hope that in the future the com-
mittee would see fit to extend
freshmen eligibility to other cam-
DURING THE PAST few years
freshmen eligibility rulings have
assumed an "on again, off again"
Three years ago freshmen
were not allowed to participate
in any extra-curricular student
Two years ago this rule was re-
laxed in order to allow the March-
ing Band and the Men's and Wo-
men's Glee Clubs to have first se-
mester freshmen in their groups.
Last spring new rulings were
announced refusing the freshmen
eligibility privilege to the glee
NOW FRESHMEN eligibility is
a wide open campus question.
In petitioning for the lifting
of the restriction the Glee Club,
pointed out that the actual
amount of time spent each week
in rehearsals amounted to only
four hours per week.
The officers of the group, how-
ever, feeling that the formerad-
vance rulings might have kept
some freshmen from coming, have
announced a continuation of try-
outs at 7:30 p.m. tonight in Rm.
3G of the Union.
Douglas resigned yesterday as Am-
bassador to Britain and President
Truman accepted his departure to
private life with "most genuine re-
Douglas said his resignation was
prompted by "personal considera-
tion, including those of health."
He was gassed during World
Var I, when he served as a lieu-
tenant in the field artillery, and
since then his health has been less
Douglas has served as envoy to
the court of St. James' during the
last three and one-half years of
critical world events.
CRESWELL, England - (P) -
Eighty coal miners died in a fire
deep underground at Creswell c.ol-
liery yesterday and the bodies of
many more were sealed in the
shaft where they fell.
A flash fire generated poisonous
fumes that blocked rescue and
choked the life out of the trapped
ONE HUNDRED and twenty
others, caught nearer the surface,
crawled to safety. Gasping and
stumbling, the stronger ones grab-
bed those who faltered and drag-
ged them along.
Rescue workers penetrating a
section only partially sealed off
recovered and brought to the sur-
face bodies of 19 of the victims.
An official statement said there
was "no possibility" that any of
the others were alive below ground.
Mine union officials, govern-
ment mine inspectors and officials
of the National Coal Board which
operates Britain's mines decided
unanimously "to seal off the af-
fected part of the pit."
SIDEWALK CONTRACTORS--These students formed a part of the crowd which watched the last
remains of the south portion of Haven Hall come crashing to the ground yesterday afternoon. The
job was done by a huge swinging weight attached by a cable to a crane. Each particularly well-
aimed blow of the maul brought cheers from the crowd and clouds of brick dust from the wreckage.
Looking at the 'wreckage, then at his watch and then at the crisp new textbooks tucked under
his arm, one of the sidewalk superintendents assumed a somewhat worried look. "Gee," he .said
with great seriousness, "for my average's sake I hope this wrecking is all done by midsemesters."
He thought about that for a minute and then wandered off in the direction of the 'U' Hall site to
find out what was being wrecked there.
CrimeInquiry AcceleratedSy Britain
Following Chicago Killings Will Seek
* . in
Creswell Mine was known as
of the safest in Britain.
The military situation in Korea
has forced the Wolverine Club to
change its plans for transportation
of students to the Michigan-Army
football game, according to George
Benisek, Wolverine Club publicity
"Because of the Korean situa-
tion, all of the planes that were
to fly to New York for the game
are not available," Benisek ex-!
CHICAGO-(P)-A U.S. Senate
Crime Investigating Committee
stepped up its work yesterday after
a bloody challenge from Chicago's
underworld-the gang-style slay-
ing of two investigators.
The committee hastened its
scheduled investigation of Chica-
go underworld activities, setting a
hearing here for Oct. 5. George
S. Robinson, the committee's Chi-
cago agent, said he expects the
Chicago inquiry now will blossom
into a. full-scale investigation.
NY Police Job
THE COMMITTEE issued more
than a dozen summonses for per-
sons to testify. - An authoritative
source said they included:
Jack Guzik, John Patton,
former "boy mayor" of Burn-*
ham; Tony Accardo, alias Joe
Batters, former Capone aide; the
three Fischetti brothers, Char-
les, Rocco and- Joe, cousins of
Al Capone; Phil Katz and Hy-
mie "Loudmouth" Levin.
There was new evidence, mean-
while, of a possible link in the
THE VICTIMS, killed last night
about four hours apart, were Wil-
liam J. Drury, 48 years old, a
former police lieutenant once
known as "the watchdog of the
loop," and Marvin J. Bas, 45 years
old, a lawyer.
Luis Kutner, prominent Chi-
cago lawyer, told newsmen yes-
terday Drury telephoned Bas
from Kutner's office Aug. 18,
making an appointment to meet
him immediately to "talk about
that thing we have been work-
ing on." Kutner, who said he
was Drury's lawyer, said he did
not know the nature of the
Investigators surmised earlier
that the slayings were not dir-
"ONLY THOSE with receipt'
numbers one to 60 can still go by NEW Y caIm, homa
plane. Others who have made ar- Murphy, a calm, shrewd Federal
rangements now have reserva- prosecutor, 'took over yesterday as
ions on a special train. The cost head of New York City's uneasyF
tios n aspcia tain Te cs-Police Department with a free
by train is $30, a considerable say-l hand to weed out corruption.
The change in transportation The towering, 44-year-old Mur-
will forcehabout 150 students hold- phy, who had never even been in-
ing receipt numbers above 60 to side police headquarters until now,
change their plans, while approxi-1said he will launch immediately a
mately 60 students will still be able study to get at the roots of a inil-
to make the trip by plane as plan- ion-dollar police graft scandal.
ned. Murphy, who successfully prose-
NEW YORK-(AP)-Britain has
taken over the task of finding a
solution to the Korean war and
"maintaining the impressive uni-
ty" of allied forces in the closing
phases of the campaign, an in-
formed source said last night.
He said Britain has written the
draft of a resolution which would
call on the United Nations General
1. Establish an independent,
2. Continue to furnish assis-
tance to repel an armed attack.
3. Establish a democratic gov-
ernment in all Korea elected
under United Nations supervi-
4. Set up a new United Nations
commission, stronger than any,
established previously, to make
sure the U.N.'s recommendations
The source refused to say, when
directly questioned, whether the
United Nations, or the United
States, would order United Nations
forces acting under Gen.. Mac-
Arthur, to cross the 38th parallel
and occupy all Korea.
* * * , . -
WHEN IT WAS pointed out to
him that all the provisions of the
proposed British resolution envi-
sion a united Korea, which could
be achieved only by military ac-
tion or unconditional North Ko-
rean surrender, he agreed that
stopping at the 38th parallel would
lead to "inconclusive and indl-
cisive results," but insisted that
the problem was a military one
and not for discussion in the U.N.
An American' source said the
United States had not yet deter-
mined whether it would act as
co-sponsor of the resolution
By The Associated Press
The CIO United Steelworkers
Union yesterday accepted a 10 per
cent wage boost from the Alumi-
num Company of America, but
served notice it soon will ask for
The wage increase will be
effective Oct. 1, in 23 plants scat-
tered across the country. The offer
In Fallen Seoul
forces today locked armored
hands from liberated Seoul to
Pusan in extreme southeast
Korea in a dramatic linkup that
promised to shatter the disor-
ganized North Korean Army.
Tanks of the U.S. First Cavalry
Division speeding northward met
armored patrols of the U.S. Sev-
enth Division between Suwon and
Osan, 30 miles south of Seoul at
11:20 p.m. yesterday.
*' * *
IN EFFECT, the linkup turned
the Korean war into a giant mop-
American intelligence officers
estimated that 100,000 North
Koreans, the bulk of the Com-
munist army, were caught in
Although the linkup did not
stretch a solid line of American
troops from Taegu in the Sout-
east to Osan, it did sever most of
the possible routes of Red escape.
HOURS LATER, savage house-
to-house combat still raged
through its flaming streets.
U.S. Marines, Seventh Divi-
sion infantrymen and the South
Korean 17th regiment closed in.
on some 5,000 Korean Reds who
preferred death to surrender.
The remainder of the garrison
was in flight to the north.
Three counterattacks were bro-
ken up last night inside Seoul, two
of them by the Marine First Divi-
sion and the other by the Seventh
Division. The attacking Red
forces were destroyed. An esti-
mated 650 Korean Reds were cap-
HUNDREDS of North Koreans
were slain in the convulsive fight-
ing. About 1,800 died in 36 hours
of combat in one northwest sec-
Flames from burning struc-
tures lighted the path for Ma-
rines fighting their way toward
the American Embassy near
Duk Soo Palace in the heart of
Marines used 90 millimeter
guns of Pershing Tanks, 3.5 ba-
zookas and bulldozers to press
through strhet barricades.
The night sky was aglow with
fires. It lit up weirdly the smoke-
filled streets where Marines'
lashed past-buildings crashing to
the ground after fires gutted
them. The Americans were not
sparing any building where the
Reds had built up strong points.
* * *
ed States has told other friendly
nations that they will have to
arry the main burden of occu-
pying North Korea under the Uni-
ed Nations flag, if UN forces
push north of the 38th parallel.
Under the policy proposal which
this government is. now discussing
with its allies ,the main body of
United States forces would st p at
he 38th parallel in cleaning up
nemy remnants. The task of re-
storing peace and order north-
ward toward the borders of Rus-
sia and Communist China would
>e left to other hands.
* * *
SECRETARY OF STATE Ache-
son is said to feel that this is the
best course of action for several
easons, the chief one being that
in American disavowal of any ter-
ritorial or permanent military in-
erest in Korea should reassure
Anyone not wishing to go by
train may cancel their reserva-
tions and get a refund, Benisek
added. Those wanting to make
a train reservation can purchase
one game ticket per reservation
cuted Alger Hiss, was sworn in as
Police Commissioner by acting
Mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri. The
ceremony was attended by top
FBI officers and special city in-
vestigators interested in the sen-
if they have not yet obtained sation=l gmbhln'-bribery rera- DRURY, a long-time foe of big
tickets. tions. name gangsters, had offered to
All reservations or refunds must The graft inquiry, which result- testify before the Senate commit-
be completed before Oct. 10, and ed in the dramatic resignation of tee.
arrangements to make the trip Police Commissioner William P.' Both Drury and Bas had of-
can be made at the Student Af- O'Brien, a veteran of 35 years on fered information on underworld
fairs window in the lobby of the the 'police force, produced Mur- activities to John E. Babb, Repub-
Administration building. I phys appointment. lican candidate for sheriff,
is as close
NEsAssociated Press World News Roundup
By The Associated Press 'with Nationalist China abstaining. This action by the 11-nation
NEW YORK-The huge, multi-million dollar Ford Foundation council assured the young republic a place in the U.N. Once admitted
for Human Welfare yesterday announced the five fields in which it Indonesia would become the 60th member of the U.N.f
will seek its goal. * ' * *
These will be . the quest for world peace, the strengthening of LANSING-Attorney General Stephen J. Roth said yesterday
democracy, world-wide economic improvement, the expansion of that he will seek renomination at the Democratic convention in
education, and a fundamental study of human conduct. Grand Rapids Saturday.
The Ford Foundation's resources are estimated at close to $215 He is the first Democrat to say formally that he would like
milliion in grants and income from the late Henry Ford, his wife, 1 to be nominated, although there are reports that former Detroit
Mrs. Clara J. Ford, their late son Edsel, and the Ford Motor Co. The ! Councilman George Edwards might seek the post.
foundation trustees said it would concentrate on the exploration of Pre-convention gossip also has it that State Banking Com-
such vitally important fields as the physical sciences, medicine and missioner Maurice Eveland will seek the nomination as state