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October 07, 1950 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1950-10-07

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_ _


AEC Decontrol

A LOT OF DREAMS for the future of a
free atomic age seem to have been shat-
tered by a remark Atomic Energy Commis-
sion chief Gordon Dean made while here for
Atom Day.
After his speech. of praise for the pri-
vate initiative shown by the University's
Phoenix Project in atomic research, Dean
was asked by a reporter: "If the threat
of war were to end, would AEC decontrol
itself and turn its research over to pri-
vate -institutions?" Dean replied that he
didn't see that in the cards.
He said that the commission hasn't been
too harshly criticized for any controls. But
there are many people in the country who
resent the government's monopoly and
stringent hold on atomic experimentation.
This feeling was expressed by Sen. Fer-
guson who explained that there is no reason
for the monopoly to exist except for national
security. When full peace comes, Ferguson
said Congress expects AEC to go out of
existence. It will have served its purpose.
Then along comes Dean and blasts this
dream all to pieces. Dean was not so rash
as to say AEC will maintain complete con-
Editorials published1 in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

trol- over the development of atomic power
in the future. But he did imply that the
government plans to keep a big hold on
atom development.
Before his remark about the future of
of AEC, Dean smoothed over any ill feeling
about controls. He said regulations are
being removed as fast as possible and
he encouraged free, private research in
declassified areas.
It would almost seem that AEC believes
in a gradual decline of its powers until
universities and industry are able to direct
the future of atomic energy wihout inter-
ference from Washington.
Perhaps a slow, steady flow of research
power to private conceris would be accepted
by the people. If AEC is not to end immedi-
ately when the cold war does, it might not be
a bad idea for the commission to remain as
an advisory board. This advisory function
could be especially useful in the beginning
stages of private ownership of the atom.
This, however, is the only need for con-
tinuation of AEC after security measures
can be dropped. Anything to do with the
atom, from mining the ore to designing
atomic weapons, should be turned over
to private enterprize if we are to avoid
socializing what will be a basic industry.
If the administration is planning any
continuation of AEC controls and secrecy
after the cold war ends, it will find it has a
battle on its hands.
-Vernon Emerson.

L j


Washington Merry-Go-Round



WASHINGTON-For several weeks, Chair-
man Stuart Symington of the National
Security Resources Board has been making
disagreeable statements at cabinet meet-
"I'm sorry to tell you, Mr. President, that
the stockpiling program is not going well,"
Symington has warned. "In fact, it isn't go-
ing well at all.'
It is now possible to get a cleaner picture
of what Symington means. It is also under-
standable why Hubert Howard suddenly
resigned as Chairman of the Munitions
Board, the agency supposed to stockpile vital
materials so the nation would not be caught
short again in wartime.
It can now be revealed that one of the
most shocking deficiencies which the Mu-
nitions Board did little about was aluminum.
During World War II, American housewives
vre called upon to donate pots, pans and
kettles to help their country, because war
planners and private industry had failed to
anticipate aluminum needs. Now it looks as
if, in case of all-out war, we might have
to do the same thing again. For, believe it
or not, the munitions. board did not even
try to buy aluminum for stockpiling until
August 4, more than a month, after the
Korean war started.
This amazing failure was partly due to
backstage maneuvering of the giant Alumi-
num Corporation. of America, the empire
built up by the late Andrew Mellon, Secre-
tary of the Treasury under Coolidge and
Hoover. Alcoa, which called the signals
wrong in World War II, is now doing the
same of what may be World War III.
*$ *
Here is how history is repeating.
WORLD WAR II-In August, 1940, Alcoa's
manager, Irving M. Wilson, announced his
cmpany was "in a position to supply the
U.S. government, both army and navy, with
all the aluminum it will require for national
defense within the next year" and that "a
substa tial surplus" would be left over to
fill Bish orders.
Various government advisers disagreed,
chiefly Leon Henderson, later OPA adminis-
trator, and Robert Nathan, war plans brain
truster. They argued, urged, and begged that
aluminum production be increased-to no
The rest of the story is well known to
every housewife. The shortage that followed
helped break the complete monopoly ALCOA
had on aluminum in this country. At the
urging of the U.S. government, Reynolds
Metals and the Henry Kaiser Company went
into the aluminum business. However, thanks
to a $65,900,000 RFC subsidy granted by
Jesse Jones, ALCOA also built a giant plant
on the Saguenay River in Canada, financed
by the U.S. government interest-free, and
not1 subject to high U.S. taxes. It was a
windfall for ALCOA's twin sister, the Alumi-
num Corporation of Canada.
later, the Aluminum Corporation of Ameri-
ca, on Sept. 25, 1950, inserted an ad in New
York papers, prornising plenty of aluminum
for everyone. "To our government we re-
port," said the ad, "there is plenty of alumi-
num for any announced military program."
Despite this promise so reminiscent of
of World War II, the nation is already so
short of aluminum that the agriculture de-
partment has had to stop building alumi-
New Books
Elison, Hal, Tomboy New York, Scribner,
Gorham, Maurice, Sound and Fury London

num storage bins and aluminum is now al-
located to most manufacturers.
Meanwhile ALCOA doesn't want new
plants built in this country, but is trying
to persuade the munitions board to buy
aluminum from its sister company, ALCAN,
the Aluminum Corporation of Canada. But
Arthur Vining Davis, Chairman of ALCOA,
is also a large stockholder in ALCAN, and
his nephew, Nathaniel Davis, is its presi-
dent. In fact, the Quebec town where
ALCAN's plant is located is called Arvida,
in honor of Arthur Vining Davis.,
Furthermore, the two companies' policies
go hand-in-hand. Last month when the
Aluminum Corporation of America boosted
its price 10 per cent, the Aluminum Corpora-
tion of Canada immediately followed suit.
Motive behind ALCOA's demand that we
buy aluminum from its Canadian twin sister
is to prevent building up any fresh com-
petition from Kaiser and Reynolds. The
less competition ALCOA has, the higher
prices the government and the public pay.
Thus, during World Wa II, aluminum prices
shot up to 67 cents a pound, and remained
double the prewar price long after the ar-
mistice. After Reynolds and Kaiser started
competing with ALCOA in World War II,
however, the price of aluminum dropped
20 to 15 cents per pound, and now the price
is 20 per cent below the prewar level-all
thanks to the American principle of free
are pouring into the housing expediter's
office that landlords are hiking rents for
servicemen in military areas. One command-
ing officer, Col. James Murphey of Camp
Atterbury, Ind., has formally appealed to
the housing expediter to restore rent con-
trol within a radius of 50 miles of the camp.
Under present law, however, the housing
expediter can do nothing to hold down rents
-except through the local city councils,
which too frequently are dominated by the
real estate board.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
C MAt The Orpheum...
starring Will Rogers, Irvin S. Cobb and
Eugene Pallette. Directed by John Ford.
IT IS a little sad when a great legendary
name like Will Rogers is dragged from its
niche to our modern cynicism for the mere
sake of a few box office dollars.
An old time vaudeville star who rose to
great stature as THE home-spun humorist,
Will Rogers ambles his way into just a few
gaffaws, and these by combining a pair of
baggy trousers, a homely face and a wry,
twinkling smile.
The movie itself is poor with the ex-
ception of a novel grand finale - the
steamboat race. Up to this point the pic-
ture moves along without a care through
ham through melodrama, through the
muddy Mississippi.
Being an old film concerning the south
in the late 1890's it inadvertently portrays
a rather sickening social standard-the
treatment of the Negro. It might seem a lit-
tle far fetched to start reviewing one of
America's most famous personalities and end
by discussing the racial problem of our coun-
try. But it exists and, be it 1890 or 1950,
the white man's waiting room at the railway
depot looks the same. And so does the nar-
row Negro cell block in the local jail and

Supreme Court
WASH"NGTON1-A Chief Justice of the
United States at times must become a
politician in the best sense of that word to
bring the Supreme Court to- accommodate
the law to critical issues of the times and
thus provide the leadership in national af-
fairs which- it .can give on occasion. Such
leadership, which John Marshall assumed
for the court in the early days, has become
a part of our tradition.
Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson fulfilled this
function notably in the highly controver-
sial field of civil liberties, when he led the
court in unanimous decisions on the segre-
gation cases affecting railroad dining service
and higher education-in law and graduate
schools-in Texas and. Oklahoma. Unani-
mous decisions are rare in the Supreme
Court and on such an Issue unanimity car-
ries great weight.
In the field of economic issues, the late
Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes per-
formed a political function when the. court
was under attack-and properly-by the
late President Roosevelt for its backward
stand on vital matters affecting' the welfare
of our people. Mr. Huges brought the court
around to a more up-to-date viewpoint on
basic issues involved in New Deal measures
and philosophy, which the people of the
country had approved, thwarted the. Roose-
velt attack through the so-cailed "court-
packing" plan, and thus, saved the court
and is prestige. This required skillful man-
agement and compromise.
The anti-segregation decisions this week
represented compromise, too, essentially,
and yet opened the way for a broadening
of their application in the future as our
racial problems are minimized through edu-
cation and enlightenment.
The court's calm and reasonable approach
serves to dilute somewhat angry bickerings
in Congress with which performance Its at-
titude is a refreshing contrast. At the same
time the court creates what mightbe called
a better spiritual atmosphere and raises
our sights to goals ultimately to be achieved.
All'of this is most important now because
of our position in the world and for the
moral influence which we can and must
exert when democracy is under test.
The court chose to stick closely to the
facts in the individual cases, as It does most
often, and avoided the broad costitutional
issue which the Justice Department, in the
railway case,-and counsel for the plaintiffs,
in the education cases, had posed for settle-
ment under the 14th Amendment. Many
would have liked to see the repudiation they
sought from the Supreme Court of the "sep-
arate but equal treatment" doctrine setforth
in the 1896 Plessy vs. ergsonc ease that
prompted Justice John M. Harlan to say
in a dissenting opinion at the time "our
constitution is color blind."
This may include it least two, perhaps
more, of the Supreme Court itself, and the
fact, that the court united, instead, on the
narrow and more restricted ground is a tri-
bute to the Chief Justice's talents at com-
But it is clear that the deciions, con-
fined as they were, hold considerable sig-
nificance for the future, as seemed to be
demonstrated by the immediate screaming
defiance of Governor Herman Talmadge of
Segregation in transpprationundoubtedly
was dealt a vital blow by the decision, writ-
ten by Justice Harold if.Burton, in the case
brought by Elmer W. Hlenderson, who was
denied a seat In a dining car in 1942 m a
train from here to Birmingham, though the
decision was based on a violation by the
Southern Railway of the Interstate Com-
merce Act, rather than on the broad con-
stitutional issue.
Likewise, a wide territory for future con-
sideration is opened by the Vinson decisions
in the Oklahoma and Texas university cases,
holding that G.W. McLaurin's segregation
from 'white students in the graduate school
of the former and provision by the latter
of a separate law school for Negro students

in the case of Herman Marian Sweatt did
not provide separate schools that meet the
standards obviously set by the decisions. All
of the decisions left the way open for .other
cases Ito be brought forward.
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature :rndicate, In c.)
Patrotic Move-
PAUL G. HOFFMAN deserves recognition
for his voluntary resignation as head of,
the European Cooperation Administration,
an act unusual in its intelligent patriotism.t
Although public officials have been known.
to work themselves out of a job, few would
resign while there was still a chance that
their position might lead to more prestige
and political advancement, but Hoffman did
just that. He handed ,'n his undesired re-
signation because he believed it was neces-
sary for the betterment of the morale and
future activities of the ECA. His reason was
that he had to give his "able subordinates"
in the organization chance for advancement
or "somebody is going to steal them."
Hoffman should receive as much admira-
tion for the reasoning behind his departure
as he has received for his magnificent.Job
in delivering economic aid and information
to needy countries.
War or Peace
WENEED a capacity to wage "not war,
not peace." If we continue without ade-
quate organisation or techniques for con-
ducting the "cold" war which Soviet com-

Look - Why Don't
And Calf It

Peace Appeals .
To the Editor:
THIS LEITER is intended to
clear up any misapprehensions
resulting from the article in
Thursday's Daily which reported
the previous night's SL meeting.
The controversy over the Freedom
Crusade and the Stockholm Peace
Appeal lasted for two hours and a
lot was said.
The Stockholm Appeal was
signed by 400 summer students and
100 faculty. Throughout the Unit-
ed States it has received 2,500,000
signatures. The world total is
400,000,000, with 90% of the popu-
lations of Italy and France en-
dorsing the appeal. The petition
calls for the prohibition of atomic
weapons as a means of warfare,
asks that some system of inter-
national control' be set up to. en-
force this, and calls upon the
world to regard that a nation
which first starts dropping atomic
bombs- be considered an enemy by
The appeal has been so success-
ful that a meeting has been called
by the World Defenders of the
Partisans of Peace to take the sec-
ond step toward peace by issuing
a petition for armament reduc-
The, Freedom. Crusade, on the'
other hand, states a reaffirmation
of the desire for freedom and to
resist aggression. It is only being
circulated in the United States
and the goal 'is 50,000,000 names.
General Lucius Clay, the chair-
man, has a very dubious record
with the German cartels both be-
fore and after the last war and
has freed many German war
criminals such as Ilse Koch. Nev-
ertheless, most people will not
disagree with the contents of the
petition when examined objective-
ly. The 'same is true with the
Stockholm appeal.:
It is unfortunate that our state
department has seen fit to attack
the Peace Appeal as a"communist
plot," because if circulating a peti-
tion substantially in agreement
with our country's ;proposals to the
UN is Communist, then we are in
for troubled times in the world's
ideological battle.
When I moved the Stockholm
Appeal at the Student Legislature
meeting, I'did so because I felt
that students should get both peti-
tions and decide for themselves
hichthey want-either, neither, or
both. I don't like to see the SL be
~artisan toward just one, but cir-
culate both. I do, as The Daily
article forgot to mention, support
both efforts even though the Free-
dom Crusade is not very concise
and deals with nebulous phrases.
There is sentiment throughout the
world for peace. It should be ex-
pressed so that those who would
benefit' from war in the United
States and abroad shall be f or-
ever silenced.
--Gordon MacDougal.
Open Statement.. ..
IN READING my paper (The Ann
Arbor News), I came upon an
interesting item. It seems that
Professor Huntley of our English
Dept, in addressing the Grand
Rapids Chapter of the American
Association of University Women
a couple of days ago, made a
rather amazing statement. He

said, "Our failure in Korea should
not be blamed on the State Dept.
or on partisan politics, but on
failure to recognize the importance
of revolution in the Orient." Dr.
Huntley went on to refer to the
Korean war as a part of this
hundred-year old revolution in
the Far East against the land own-
I wonder if Dr. Huntley realizes
the full import of what he is say-
ing and where it is likely to get
him if he dares to be so honest
in the future. First of all, as far
as the State Dept. is concerned,
the Korean war is neither a civil
war nor a revolution. It is an in-
teresting national aggression. As
a matter of fact, the only basis
upon which the entire UN activity
in Korea is justified, is that the
war is truly international. Inter-
vention in a revolution is a viola-
tion of the UN charter. As we all
know the Communist position is
that which views the Korean war
as a revolution, a civil strife. It is
with this viewpoint that they re-
gard the UN intervention as ille-
Now, it wouldn't be so dangerous
for Dr. Huntley to express an
opinion so close to that of the
Communists in normal times. I
remember the days when such
opinions were respected by many
academic folk. However, today is
hardly normal times. We have a
bit of legislation on the books, the
McCarran Act, which permits the
investigation of persons and or-
ganizations which hold views also
held by the Communist Party.
Since this particular issue is so
very crucial in America's Foreign
Policy, the views of Professor
Huntley would undoubtedly be
considered "dangerous". Let it be
understood that I am not passing
any, judgement upon Dr. Hunt-
ley's observations. I am merely
warning him that he either re-
strain himself from speaking what
he believes to be the truth con-
cerning important issues such as
this; in effect, censor himself-or
else, if he wishes to'maintain his
intellectual integrity as well as his
security, join in a vigorous fight
to get the McCarran Act repealed.
Really, Prof. Huntley, I am amaz-
ed at your indiscretion. More pow-
er to you. -A. Buchbinder, '51
* * *
Michigan Spirit..
To the Editor:
LJPON READING several letters
to The Daily on Michigan
spirit, I find them more than
slightly difficult to swallow. I
would think that there are some
21,000 examples of Michigan spirit
on the Ann Arbor campus. Surely,
there must be something here that
attracts such a multitude of men
and women. Can it seriously be
believed that all 21,000 students
are here solely because of Michi-
gan's academic standing? And
what keeps them here year after
Of course, Michigan spirit has
graduated from the rah-rah days
and has matured. It now is ex-
pressed through active drama or-
ganizations, successful glee clubs,
and even through such projects as
the Phoenix Project. Actually,
Michigan spirit is serving a much
more creative end than rah-rah
ever accomplished.
-Russell Wilson.

We All

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letter, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will.
.be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

Go Home

Interpreting the News
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
Harold Stassen says, in effect, that Joseph Stalin lied to him
about Russia's peaceful intentions in 1947, but that he is willing 4o
give the premier another chance.
Recalling Stalin's peace statement, the President of the University
of Pennsylvania and former candidate for the Republican Presidential
nomination, said:
"I find it impossible to reconcile that statement with the North
Korean aggression, with the Soviet Union's refusal, to cooperate in
stopping that aggression, with the Soviet Union's rearmamnent of
Eastern Germany and with other recent actions of the Soviet Uniom."
Russia must change, Stassen tells Stalin in a letter suggesting
another conference between them, if the drift toward war is to be
He thinks the greatest danger of war lies in Russian niscalcula-
tion of America's strength and firmness of intention. He wants to
try to convince Stalin that Russia cannot cause ,a collapse of the
western economy and that Americans will fight if necessary for their
Russia at the moment is conducting a propaganda campaign
designed to weaken the will of the west to resist. American leaders
are worried lest an end of fighting in Korea produce a public
revulsion against the burdens of preparedness. Stalin will probably
jump at a chance to tell people that it is all unnecessary, and many
people are prone to believe what they want to believe.
Nor is the message which Stassen will carry something new. The
very same message was delivered at the Kremlin by the United
States Ambassador, Bedell Smith, in 1948. Russia's reply has been
The timing and content of the Stassen letter very strongly
suggest a domestic political motive. Stassen is not a candidate for
anything at the moment, but since becoming president of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania he has become active in the Grundy political
organization in that state. The Republicans all over the country,
pointing to the incumbency of Democrats during all of America's
wars in this century, are trying to label their opponents in this
election campaign as members of a "War Party," and themselves
as members of a "Peace Party."
Stassen says his move was made in consultation not with govern-
ment officials in Washington, but with "other university presidents,
Republican leaders of the Senate and House, leaders of Republican
state organizations" and others.
If Mr. Stassen is right it is not a matter for condemnation if his
act has political effects. But any approach which might give Stalin a
dangerous opening is something for very careful consideration; Stalin's
words of peace would fill a book almost #s large as the record of his
aggressive actions.

Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
'Assistant to the President Room 2552
Administration Building, 6y 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LXI, No. 11
Women students have 1:30 a.m.
late permission tonight.
Fulbright Applications and sup-
porting credentials for graduate
student travel grants are due no
later than Oct. 31, in the offices:
of the Graduate School. This date
will not be extended. Grants will
be made for study in 16 participat-
ing countries. Application blanks
are now available in 1020 Rack-
ham Bldg.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for John
Charles Johnson, Physics; thesis:
"Application of Geiger-Muller
Counters and Electron Multiplier
Tubes to Measurement of High
Temperatures," Mon., Oct. 9, East
Council Room, Rackham Bldg.,
3:15 p.m. Chairman, R. A. Wolfe.
Doctoral Examination for Ro-
bert B. Lindberg, Bacteriology;
thesis: "The Antigenic Structure
of H. capulatum, Particularly the
Yeast Phase," Tues., Oct. 10, 1562
E. Medical Bldg., 2 p.m. Chairman,
M. H. Soule.
History 275 will meet in 3233
Angell Hall beginning Mon., Oct.
Medical College Admission Test:
Those students who have not as
yet obtained their application
blanks for the Medical College Ad-
mission Test to be administered
Nov. 6, 1950, can obtain them at
110 Rackham. These applications
are due in Princeton, New Jersey,
not later than Oct. 23, 1950.
Events Today
Canterbury Club: After-game
party with the Westminister Guild
will be held at the Canterbury
Congregational, Disciples, Evan-
gelical and Reformed Guild: Open
house at the Guild House, 438
Maynard, following the game.
Coming Events
Industrial Relations Club: Meet-
ing, 7 p.m., Mon., Oct. 9; Room
3-A, Union. Prospective members
welcome. Speaker: Gene Prato,
Assistant National Ford Director;

8 p.m., Mon:,-9ct. 9, International
Center. ,Election of officers and
discussion of activities for the
coming semester.
'Hostelers leaving for baline
Hostel Round-up by bike be at
League by 7 a.m., Sun., Oct. 8.
Those planningi to go call Dive
Smith, '7211, 'by 5 :p.m., Sat." Eat
breakfast before we meet. Sunday
dinner approxinately $1.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting, Sun.,
Oct. 8, 2 p.m., League. Interested
persons welcome.
U.: of M. Hot Record Society:
Election of, officers and business
meeting, League, Sun., Oct. 8, 8
p.m. Everyone invited.
Graduate Outing Club: Meet at
2:15 p.m., Sun., Oct. 8, northwest
corner of Rackham for paper
chase, followed 'by a picnic. Wear
old clothes. Allgrads welcome.'
IZFA: First general meeting,
Sun., Oct. 8, '7:30 p.m., League.
Talk by members who have re-
turned from Israel.
Atic Ott

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students at
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the- Board in- Control- of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown .....Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger .... City Editor
Roma Lipsky. .. ...... Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ........... Feature Edtor
Janet Watts .;..... .. Asociate Editor
Nancy Bylaw ..:;.... Associate Editor
James Gregory ... Associate Editor
Bill Connolly ..... Sports Editor
Bob Sandell . Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton .. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans.. .. Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Sthff
Bob Daniels...... Business Manager
Walter Shapero "Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible .... Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz ,.. Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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The Associated Press isexclustval7
entitled to the use for republic tion
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All, rights. of republication of all T1e
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Past Office at An
Arbor. Michigan. as second-classmaiil
Subscription during regular v*ool
year: by carrier, $0.00; by mail, 7.00.

Russian Club: First



LBarhaby, your parents will believe
in Fairy Godfathers all right when
National Fairy Godfathers Day comes
around. And so will everybody else.

Very few people believed in mothers
before Mothers Day was estaoblished.
And do you know of anybody who'd ever
heard of fathers before Fathers Day?J

Fairy Godlathers Day ,will be
much mhsi esr to put over, too.
m But come, Shrdlu. There

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