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December 02, 1949 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1949-12-02

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New York
pHE FEINBERG LAW, a piece of New
York legislation which has had educa-
trs in that state up in arms since its pas-
sage last summer, has fortunately been de-
clared unconstitutional by the State Su-
preme Court.
In a 5,000 word opinion, Justice Harry E.
Schirick called the law, which directs the
New York Board of Regents to purge the
public school system of Communists or fel-
low-travelers, a violation of both the state
and national constitutions.
"The law creates a presumption of guilt
in direct contradiction to our time-hon-
ored doctrine that each man is deemed to
be innocent until proven guilty," he said.
The judge pointed out that the bill is in
effect a bill of attainder, that is, a legislative
finding of guilt by-passing the judiciary and
Without "any of the form and guards pro-
vided for the security of the individual by
our traditional judicial forms."
(The bill specifically declares that mem-
bers of the Communist party shall be pro-
hibited from teaching, and gives the Regents
the right to draw up its own list of "sub-
versive" organizations, whose members shall
also be denied teaching posts.)
Judge Schirick's decision temporarily re-
strains any action under the bill, but At-
torney General Nathaniel Goldstein has
announced the state's intention of ap-
pealing the decision to the U.S. Court of
Apparently Goldstein and some state leg-
islators feel that a general purge of the
school ystem is more desirable than follow-
ing the doctrines laid down in the constitu-
tion. Such arbitrary action as is open to the
Regents and to the local school boards, who
have the right, under the bill to screen all
prospective teachers and bring charges
against present teachers-seems to us to vio-
late not only the letter, but also the spirit
of the constitution.
This last is another example of a ten-
dency by some people to fight Commun-
ism and Preserve Americanism by using
the most un-American methods available.
We' with the Judge, "find it hard to be-
lieve that it is necessary to resort to witch-
hunting in the schools to replace misfits."
-Roma Lipsky
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
At The Michigan . .
UNDER CAPRICON .... Ingrid Berg-
man and Joseph Cotton
A VERY uneven film that tiredly drags its
slow length along, "Under Capricorn,"
serves to remind us that Alfred Hitchcock
has slipped more than somewhat.
In this overlong, (two hours) picture,
Ingrid Bergman is only the most impor-
tant prop in what is actually a Hitchcock
treatise on the use of suspense in the mod-
As in all Hitchcock movies there are the
moments when the audience moves to the
edge of its seat and waits anxiously for the
big moment that seems never to come. In
this picture, unlike others of Hitchcock's the
big moments never seem very big. The sus-
pense leads to nothing very startling, noth-

ing very satisfying.
Joseph Cotton, on the other hand, is not
very happily cast. Supposedly, a sensitive,
inarticulate soul, who does not understand
what has happened to Ingrid (his wife)
and himself, he comes across, instead, as
a third rate "Heatheliffe."
In the course of the story, the characters.
reveal the beginnings of the Bergman-Cot-
ton love affair. It sounded like it would have
made a better movie than the one Hitch-
cock decided to screen.
-Kirk R. Hampton
* * *
At The State...
Mason, Joan Bennett, and Geraldine
Columbia decided to release this movie.
With the standard thriller ingredients
of blackmailers, a wayward young girl, and
a self-sacrificing mother, the film would
be expected to be at least mediocre. But it
isn't even that good.
Little Geraldine Brooks starts the ball
rolling when she konks her aged, and
crooked, suitor and he stumbles through a
stair rail onto an anchor and kills himself.
Unfortunately, little Gerry is literate, and
has written some letters to the suitor, which
James Mason gets hold of and uses to black-
mail Miss Bennett, Gerry's loving mother.
Mother doesn't bother to ask Daughter about
the suitor's death, but dutifully hides the

Atomic Energy & the Public

"Don't Let

Me Catch You Guys Discussing What You
Hear Oan This Thing, See?",


C HANCES ARE that there will be little stir
over the announcement by the Depart-
ment of Defense and the Atomic Energy
Commission of new atomic weapon tests at
Eniwetok Island.
Even though the bomb continues to cap-
ture prominent space on news and editorial
pages of the press, the majority of Americans
have assumed a matter-of-fact outlook
towards atomic work. They have accepted
the fact that the bomb exists, and, although
it lurks as a fearsome shadow in the back-
ground of world events, in every day life it
has been relatively disregarded by the pub-
Nevertheless atomic energy still remains
as a potential destroyer or benefactor of
man. Although atomic research will continue
without an active public interest, for their
own welfare people must exercise a constant
curiosity in the progress made by the world's
atomic scientists.
The disillusioning aspect of the present
situation is that people will not develop the
needed interest on their own. The best chan-
nel that exist for the =promotion of this in-
quisitiveness is the atomic reseachers them-
The scientists have expressed a desire to
answer the questions that they feel people
are asking about atomic energy. They pub-
lish a monthly Bulletin of the Atomic Sci-
entists to keep the public posted. Through
the Atomic Energy Commission they can
easily relay news of their work to the press.
These men, however, are not putting them-
selves forth enough. They are not holding
the attention of the people.
The main thing that draws much interest

to atomic research is a dramatic happening
in weapons work. Perhaps work done on the
peaceful uses of atomic energy would be just
as impressive if given prominent display by
the scientists and the newspapers.
The atomic research men want to and are
doing work other than that connected with
warfare. They have reported on the pos-
sible effects of the atom in industry, and are
experimenting on its uses in locomotion,
heat and health. Some of the scientists have
gone so far as to form a Society for Social
Responsibility in Science whose members
pledge themselves to abstain from destruc-
tive activity.
These activities should and can be brought
to the public more forcibly by:
1-Cutting down on governmental secur-
ity restrictions on research and scientific in-
formation, regulations on scientists having
access to confidential data, and loyalty in-
vestigations of atomic workers, which at
present prevent the scientists form inform-
ing the public of much that could safely be
explained to them.
2-Keeping the public and press fully sup-
plied with reports on the progress of atomic
research when restrictions are reduced.
3-Publishing reports from research work-
ers in the press prominently, instead of bury-
ing news of the work on inside pages of Sun-
day magazine sections.
Only by keeping the news of atomic prog-
res in peaceful endeavor before the public at
all times will the American people be re-
minded 'of the great influence that atomic
power can exercise in their everyday affairs.
-Vernon Emerson

(Continued from Page 3)

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The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the




WASHINGTON - There was altogether
too much comedy in the recent incident
of Senator Edwin C. Johnson and the 1,000-
power atomic bomb. Here is a pompous law-
maker, pleading with the television audi-
ence for more secrecy in American atomic
development. And in the midst of his bum-
bling discourse, the Senator commits the
worst violation of security rules that has
occurred to date.
He discloses, in fact, that the Atomic En-
ergy Commission is working hard to devise
an atomic weapon 1,000 times more powerful
than the bomb that fell on Hiroshima. With
the Senatorial foot thus securely fixed in the
capacious Senatorial mouth, the curtain
quickly descends, and the audience dis-
solves into roars of happy laughter.
Yet there was more to this incident than a
mere comedy turn by a third-rate Senator.
* *.*
EVERYONE SHOULD understand, in the
first place, that a 1,000-power atomic
bomb is more than a simple possibility. In
the long run, such a bomb is a probability, if
not a certainty.
Its explosive power will derive from the
nuclear fission of hydrogen, the lowest of
the elements in the electron tables, instead
of uranium, at the top. The theory of how
to make it is already understood and gen-
erally accepted. Making it will require
immense efforts, yet the job is actually
farther along than was the job of making
the Hiroshima bomb when the Manhattan
District was established.
Furthermore, Senator Johnson's estimate
of the probable power of the new bomb is
also generally accepted. In short, only one
hydrogen fission-bomb will be enough to de-
stroy, utterly and completely, almost any
great city on earth. There is no comedy in

NOR IS THERE any comedy in the sec-
ond point that must also be understood.
The Atomic Energy Commission has had the
utmost difficulty in recruiting competent
scientists to work on its hydrogen fission
In part, this is because of the natural
horror that any such project must inspire
in civilized men. But in part also, it is be-
cause of Senator Johnson himself and the
many others like him.
While the Ed Johnsons of the Senate and
House are positively straining at the leash
to hunt down any manifestation of human
intelligence anywhere in the government,
those who possess this dangerous commodity
are naturally reluctant to enter government
* *.*
THERE IS NO COMEDY whatever in the
underlying situation typified by Senator
Johnson's comedy turn. First, judging by his
plea for secrecy, the Senator evidently thinks
of our atomic weapons as the French used
to think of the Maginot Line. Second, he be-
lieves that if we play Gestapo just a little
more earnestly, we shall not be threatened
by atomic weapons in the hands of other
The Senator is dead wrong on both
counts. At this foment, in the sacred name
of "economy" (for which Johnson regu-
larly bellows), our power to deliver atomic
weapons to useful target is being daily in-
paired. In the same sacred name of "eco-
nomy," moreover, we are also failing to de-
velop our power to defend ourselves and
the rest of the free world against atomic
In sum, Senator Johnson's seeming com-
edy turn has a sharp lesson. When such hid-
eous forces are loose in the world, it is not
safe to play "economy" politics, or any other
kind of politics, with destiny, I
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)

Whisper Louder.. ..
To the Editor:
Off to an otherwise brilliant
start, your Curriculum Evaluation
and Revision Committee was
somewhat hampered from the be-
ginning by the fact that no one
knew it existed.
Or were you flooded with so
many volunteers after the first
bare mention of the committee
that you had to put an abrupt end
to the extensive publicity cam-
paign you had planned for it?
Anyway, I read Mr. Walker's
editorial and didn't see anything
about "Curriculum Evaluation and
Revision." The article was con-
cerned about problems common to
all courses-it proposed that a
committee be set up similiar to
one established at Harvard, where
students "blasted the lecture sys-
tfm, condemned many examina-
tions as "bear traps, and be-
moaned the size of calsses," not
worrying much at all about Cur-
riculum Evaluation and Revision.
If this new SL committee is
supposed to be a model of the
Harvard organization, if it was
designed to study and improve the
basic evils of mass education-
oversized classes, the abuse of
examinations, and the overempha-
sis of marks and grading-then
the infant Curriculum Evaluation
and Revision Committee was ab-
surdly misnamed.
Next time SL wants volunteers
for one of their committees, why
not whisper a little louder? You
might get some,Dthen.
-.D. K. Johnson.
*'1* * '
Re: Abbrev.'s . .
To the Editor:
AS TAXPAYERS and as sons of
taxpayers it has become ob-
vious to us that the publications
here at the "U" are spending too
much money and are being waste-
ful and extravagent in the use of
paper and ink. The "DOB" exem-
plifies the way that economy can
be achieved "PDQ." As in the case
of the "CED" vs "AIM" we believe,
as does the "IFC" that "SL" is
taking a detrimental viewpoint
toward "IM" in regard to
"WUOM-FM" and its "AP," "UP"
and "NSVP" services.
And from the national stand-
point, take the case of the "UMW"
or the expulsion of the "UEW"
from the "CIO" all of which points
to economy measures. As John L.
often put it, "FDR" you "SOB."
In Detroit the "DSR" following
the lead of the "C of C" has said,
in effect, that the "AF of L" and
the "PTA" have been causing un-
rest by their extravagances. The
parallel is obvious.
Now that we have shown the
national and the state side of
this problem let's look at it from
the standpoint of a person in
"AA." The "VA" knows right well
that the "B and G" will not stand
for its policy of "RSVP" much
longer without courting economic
collapse and general "SNA-FU."
The "M" must adopt a more
reciprocal policy in regard to the
twin menace of the "YPA" and
the "YWCA," to say nothing of

the danger of "PRO-CRASTINA-
TION." Where the shoe really fits,
though, is the stand of the "WAA"
on "IC" and "LSMFT" and the
"G and S" society, also.
In summary, we frankly feel,
as does "HST" on "AEC" or as
the "VEEP" put it, we all must
economize and make a little bit
go a long way.
--Maynard Newton,
Arthur Henrie.
(ED. NOTE: The ed.'s of The D. are
extremely grateful to Messrs. MN
and AH for their sugg., and will at-
tempt to put it into pract. as soon
** *
Discrimination . .
To the Editor:
I AM NOT connected in any way
with the YPA, but I believe
the quotations printed in The
Daily in answer to their protesta-
tions against the including of race,
religion, etc. in university applica-.
tion blanks are absurd. Is this a
university, an employment office,
or a housing bureau? The primary
job of this or any university is to
obtain and enroll the best stu-
dents available. If it chooses to
get them jobs or rooms that is
secondary. Therefore I believe
that the university should con-
centrate on abilities, and if neces-
sary let the student run his own
-Jim Potter.
* * *
Deportation Hysteria . .
To the Editor:
WITHIN THE past few years,
110 resident aliens have been
arrested for deportation, and 238
naturalized citizens face revoca-
tion of their citizenship because of
their political opinions. The ma-
jority of these people have resided
in the U.S. for most of their lives,
are married to American citizens,
and have American children. They
have become a part of this coun-
try, but are not receiving treat-
ment that is due to all Americans,
whether they are foreign or na-
tural born. Not only have these
people been unconstitutionally ar-
rested, but excessive bail of $5000,
$10,000 and even $25,000 is being
demanded. Some of them have
been denied bail, and still others
are being forced to report to their
local police station once a week.
These unconstitutional attacks on
the foreign born are a major
threat to the freedom of speech
granted to all Americans.
Students will be especially in-
terested to learn of the National
Conference Against Deportation
Hysteria to be held in Detroit at
the Civic Center, December 3 and
4, to discuss means of eliminating
these attacks and focusing atten-
tion on the real meaning of civil
rights. In protecting the civil
rights of the foreign born we are
preserving these rights for all
-Dorothy MacKay.
Facts of Life
If parents have an inquiring
and open-minded attitude toward
life and other people, their chil-
dren will acquire the same point
of view.

The Alumnae Council will an-
nounce its decision at the openingl
of the spring semester and awards
will be presented at that time. Un-]
dergraduate women students who
are now living in the residence
halls named above or who wish to
live in the residence specified (if
they receive awards) are eligible to
apply. The committee's decisions
will be based on the following
qualifications: need, academic po-
tential, character and personality.
Fraternity and Sorority monthly'
membership reports for November
are due in the Office of Student
Affairs, 1020 Administration, on
or before Dec. 5.
Student Organizations are re-]
minded that additions to member-7
ship lists should be reported im-'
mediately to the Office of Student!
Affairs, 1020 Administration.
Approved Student sponsored So-
cial Events for the coming week-
December 2
Adelia Cheever House
Alpha Chi Omega
Alpha Delta Pi
Alpha Gamma Delta
Alpha Omicron Pi
Alpha Phi
Alpha Sigma Phi
Alpha Xi Delta
Delta Gamma
Delta Sigma Phi
Delta Zeta
Gamma Phi Beta
International Students Assoc.
Jordan Hall
Kappa Delta
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Mary Markley House
Helen Newberry Residence
Phi Kappa Tau
Sigma Alpha Mu
Zeta Beta Tau
'December 3
Alpha Chi Sigma
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Alpha Tau Omega
Couzens Hall
Delta Chi
Delta Sigma Delta
Hawaii Club
International Student Assoc.
Kappa Sigma
Phi Delta Theta
Phi Kappa Sigma
Phi Rho Sigma
Pi Beta Phi
Psi Upsilon
Sigma Alpha Epsilon
Sigma Alpha Mu
Sigma Chi
Sigma Nu
Theta Chi
Theta Xi
Victor Vaughan House
West Quadrangle
Zeta Beta Tau
Zeta Psi
Delta Sigma Pi
Lambda Chi Alpha
Muriel Lester House
December 4
Collegiate Sorosis
Phi Delta Phi
Wilcox House
The United States Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tions for Junior Chemist and for
Junior Engineer. Salaries range
from $3,100 to $3,825 a year and
positions are open in Illinois,
Michigan, and Wisconsin. Closing
date, Jan. 5, 1950.
Positions are also announced for
Game Management Agent and for
Refuge Manager. Positions are
open in the states from Michigan
to the Dakotas.
For additional information call
at -the .Bureau of Appointments,
3528 Administration Bldg.
The Kroger Company of Cincin-
nati, Ohio, will have a representa-
tiveton the campus on Wednesday
and Thursday, Dec. 7 and 8 to in-
terview February 1950 graduates
for their Management Training

The Proctor & Gamble Company
is scheduling interviews for Wed.,
Dec. 7 for February 1950 graduates
for their Buying and Traffic De-
partments. They will be interested
in interviewing L.S.& A., Business
Administration, and Engineering
Interested students may make
appointments for interviews with
these companies by calling at the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Administration Bldg.
Lectures: "Business Conditions
for the Coming Year." Prof. Paul
McCracken, School of Business
Administration, Room 131, 7:30
p.m., Dec. 2. The public is invited.
Academic Notices
All candidates for enrollment
as Regular Students in the NROTC

will be required to take the Navy
College Aptitude Test to be given
Sat., Dec. 3,. Rackham Lecture
Hall. Candidates are requested to
report at 8:45 a.m. The test will
last approximately three hours.
Examination,Forestry 194: 8
a..m. Dec. 5, 4 Haven Hall, where
class usually meets.
Photographs by Walker Evans
from the Collection of the Museum
of Modern Art. Lobby, Architec-
ture Bldg.
Events Today
Film Program for students, fac-
ulty, and the general public. Po
River Valley-Italy and Mountain
Farmers-Switzerland, 4:10 p.m.,
Kellogg Auditorium. Sponsored by
the Audio-Visual Education Cen-
ter and the University Extension
Service. No charge for admission.

Baptist Students will go to the
IM building tonight. Meet at the
Guild House at 8:15.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Friday Evening Services, followed
by a talk by Professor Slosson,
History Dept. "Under the Shadow
of the Crescent" the Jewish Arab
problem, 7:45 p.m.
,SRA Coffee Hour: 4:30-6 p.m.,
Lane Hall.
Canterbury Club: 4-6 p.m., Tea
and Open House for all students
and their friends.
Exhibits in the University Mu-
seums building will be open to stu-
dents and the public from 7 to 9
p.m. Natural history motion pic-
tures: "In the Beginning" and
"Beach and Sea Animals," Room
3024, 7:30 p.m.
Michigan Acturial Club: Open
meeting Hall. Prof. Robert Mehr,
Economics Department, University
of Illinois. "I don't know anything
about acturial science, but . . .."
Everyone invited.
Office Procedure Films: 146
School of Business Administration,
3 p.m. Public invited.
Office Machines and Supplies
Exhibit: Twenty-one companies
exhibiting at the Fourth Annual
Office Machines and Supplies Ex-
hibit. School of Business Ad-
ministration, Rooms 41 and 46.
Hours: 1 to 5 p.m., 7 to 9 p.m. Ad-
mission Free.
Spanish Play: Tryouts, 4 to 6
p.m., 408 Romance Languages.
Geological-Mineralogical Jour-
nal Club: 3056 Natural Science
Bldg. Dr. John Chronic will speak
(Continued on Page 5)


Westminster Guild
Cage: If snow a Snow
not, an IM Party. Meet
tion hall at 8:30.

Party; if
in recrea-

Washington Merry-Go-Round

WASHINGTON - Young hero of the na-
tion's capital last week was football star
Leo Speros, who led Wilson High School to a
one-point victory in the championship high
school play-off for the District of Columbia.
Leo, who waded down a snowy field to score
touchdown after touchdown, was the toast
of the capital's sports world.
Unsung and unheralded was another hero
in the Speros family-his father. Operator
of a restaurant, Speros Senior quietly gave a
job to the secretary of Congressman Parnell
Thomas when she was indicted on a tech-
nical charge of arranging for salary kick-
Miss Helen Campbell finally decided
that her boss, the chairman of the Un-
American Activities Committee, was being
Un-American himself in requiring alleged
members of his office staff to pay their
salaries back to him, and reported this to
the Justice Department. The Justice De-
partment,in order to show a conspiracy,
had to indict not only the Congressman
who ordered the kickbacks, but his secre-
-1- --l nt~~na n f a n7n.

In backstage conversations with U.S.
military leaders, Montgomery argued that
Russia has already organized and indoc-
trinated a German army in Prussia of
360,000 ex-enemy soldiers. They have or-
ders, he said, to take over all Germany the
minute the Western Allies pull out of West
Germany. Therefore, he maintained that
an opposing German Army must be built
up in the west.
Montgomery made this argument to Chief
of Staff Omar Bradley-among others. But
Bradley, arriving in Germany, backed up
Secretary Johnson that Germany would not
be rearmed.
Perhaps the biggest reason for John-
son's stand boils down to this: West Ger-
man leaders have made it clear they will
not fight in the next war.
They figure that in any clash between
Russia and the United States they would
have everything to gain by sitting it out. If
they foght, Germany would be demolished
again. If they didn't fight, they might be in
a position to recapture the leadership of Eu-
rope-after the war.

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Leon Jaroff............Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen............City Editor
Philip Dawson....Editorial Director
Mary Stein.............Associate Editor
Jo Misner. -. Associate Editor
George Walker ........ Associate Editor
Don McNeil............Associate Editor
Alex Lmanian......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes ......... Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz. Associate Sports Editor
Miriam Cady.......... Women's Editor
Lee Kaltenbach ..Associate Women's Ed.
Joan King .................Librarian
Allan Ciamage......Assistant Librarian
Business Staff
Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manage!
Jim Dangl ....... Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff.......Finance Manager
Ralph Ziegler......Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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the Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the userfor republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspape
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Anti
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
. Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier. $5.00. by mail. $6.00.





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