TIE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, NOVEAMEIt 1 , 1919
CED & 'Communist - Fronts'
. ..,by Harold Jackson
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
A BAD MISTAKE in strategy is being
made by a number of sincere anti-Com-
munists, who find themselves unable to sign
the CED's currently circulating petition.
Their stand, they explain, prevents them
from supporting a group of which the Young
Progressives are members. Nevertheless, they
express sympathy with the Committee's at-
tack on questions about religion, race and
ancestry, which now appear on some Uni-
versity application forms.
But whether the Progressives are or are
not, either deliberately or naively, a Com-
munist-front group, is in this connection
logically irrelevant. In any case, these anti-
Communists are merely hindering their own
For our society must offer its people not
merely anti-Communism, but more and
better democracy. Negativism alone is
It is gratifying, for example, that the
people of Harlem-who never were permit-
ted a decent glimpse at American democracy
in action-had the good sense to kick Com-
munist Ben Davis out of his job as a New
York City Councilman in the recent elec-
tions. In this, they were influenced by Davis'
conviction in the Communist trial.
But we cannot expect enterprises like the
trial to take the place of badly needed re-
Plainly, the toleration of abuses -
democracy's failure to maintain its flexi-
bility and satisfy men's increasing de-
mands for greater social equality and
justice-themselves encourage the growth
of deceptive and totalitarian dogmas such
as Communism and fascism.
The issue is not sympathy with one or
another of the Committee's member or-
ganizations. The issue concerns the ability
of American society to constructively meet
the challenges not only of rival ideologies,
but also of its own weaknesses.
We must not let the uncritical orthodoxy
that today passes as effective anti-Commun-
ism blind us to the most powerful weapon
of all-an improved democracy that has
more meaning for more people.
We appeal, therefore, to all groups and
individuals of whatever background, to
unite in a great campus-wide, non-parti-
san effort to wipe out admissions discrim-
ination at Michigan wherever it is found,
and to support the CED in its more par-
ticular criticism of the medical school's
inexcusable treatment of minorities.
These are the aims of the Committee's
petition. The fight is both vital and diffi-
cult. The signatures of all who agree are
now urgently needed.
DURING THE last few Student Legislature
campaigns the very words "bloc voting"
have become synonymous with the worst
kinds of political evil.
And as the campaign progresses, groups
such as IFC and AIM volley back and forth
on this issue with charge, denial, counter-
charge, re-interpretation, closed policy
meetings, open indorsements and on ad in-
But what these and other groups fail
to realize is that on a campus this size,
the only possible kind of voting is what
they disdainfully label "bloc voting."
Students live in groups and participate in
extra-curricular activities in groups. Thus,
members of the same group-whether it is a
dorm, fraternity, League or Union commit-
tee, or athletic team-know the same people,
and after a time usually tend to form the
same opinions of these people.
It is only natural, therefore, for groups
--whether organized for political purposes
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL BRENTLINGER
or not-to support the same candidates.
And it seems to us that the members of
the various groups living and working with
a particular candidate are actually the
best qualified to judge whether or not he
would make a good legislator.
If some members of the group don't thins%
the candidate qualified, no amount of co-
ercion can force him to vote contrary to his
opinion. The secret ballot used in SL elec-
tions assures this.
Therefore it is not the bloc voting sys-
tem as such that politico groups should be
fighting, but one outcome of bloc voting:
the blind trading of bloc votes.
On this issue we are in wholehearted agree-
ment with AIM, IFC and other campaign-
ing groups. There is no easier way to make
a sham of the election system than a "you-
vote - for - our - candidate-and-we'll-vote-for-
The recently-innovated system of open
houses, candidates' rallies and dinner-
time talks is a constructive step toward
But the blasts against the whole system
of bloc voting are meaningless, hypocritical
and unnecessary. Despite all efforts to the
contrary, voting in blocs is both inevitable
and intelligent in a University of this size.
Friendly Persuasion .. .
ONE MAN who attended the Big Pan Hel
Ball Friday night is now a great booster
of direct mail advertising, and here's why:
Herb had been wining, dining, coffeeing
and movieing one girl rather regularly
this semester and expected to be invited
to Pan Hel. When the days grew short
and no bid came, he decided he'd invested
too much time and money to leave mat-
ters up in the air.
So he launched a barrage of post cards,
each addressed to her personally, and, read-
"Dear Sorority Girl: This is to inform
you that Pan Hel Ball is being held again
this year and we hope you will attend,
preferably with a date. Sincerely, the Com-
Herb refuses to claim the cards turned
the trick, but it is a matter of fact that
after receiving five of them, she did invite
him to go.
"And what's more, if she hadn't," says
Herb, "the last card would have been in
A Treasury of Faces .. .
ALMOST UNNOTICED by the paradeof
youth, excitement and hilarity along
busy Hill Street each football Saturday is
a smallish stoop-shouldered old man in an
He stands in the same spot each week
-just off the sidewalk before a large
gothic fraternity house. He wears a life-
less hat and has a sagging gray mustache
folded back against his wrinkled face.
And every so often one of the many
visitors to that fraternity house will recog-
nize the old gentleman, stop to shake his
hand and chat a moment before rejoining
family or friends.
Occasionally a car will dam the flow of
Hill street traffic and despite horns of
protest the driver will get out to greet him.
For the old man was the porter at this
fraternity thirty '.years ago, before it
moved to its present site from State
Street's old fraternity row. He's never
been inside the new house, and consistent-
ly turns down invitations to inspect it.
To him a football Saturday means not a
game and cheering but the thrill of watch-
ing-with eyes that grow bright when they
ponder the past-for the faces of men he
* * *
One of the Gang ...
JIM DANGL was all dressed up in a suit
and tie when we met him on campus this
week. We assumed he was on his way to
Detroit but he said he was just going to
"I'm in a grad school class," Jim ex-
plained. "I have to get dressed up like this
because I haven't got a bald head and a
Bottomless Business . .
IF THE concessionaire who rents seat cush-
ions to football fans who can't stand two
hours on the stadium's hardwood seats
thinks he has an original idea, he's crazy:
The Finn tried that business two years
ago. Egged on by a local saloon owner who
had been stuck with several hundred sur-
plus parachute seats, the Finn offered to
peddle them as seat cushions at $1 a throw.
Arriving at the stadium at 10:30 one Sat-
urday morning with a crew of four, the
Finn deployed his salesmen and mentally
began adding up the profits.
The five of them hawkel and hawked in
the boiling sun for over three hours, but
when they finally got back together they
discovered they'd only sold THREE cush-
"Ya see, Clint," the Finn later told the
saloon owner, "the bottom's fallen out of
the seat cushion business."
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - With Congress absent
and little news competition on Capitol
Hill, the press for some reason has pretty
much glossed over the scorching, no-holds-
barred attack on big business monopolies
staged by Congressman Celler's House Judi-
ciary Committee. Newsmen especially ig-
nored the testimony of T. K. Quinn, former
chairman of the General Electric Finance
Company, who vigorously attacked the press
for hushing up antimonopoly news while
playing up A & P chain store advertisements.
The former big-business executive, who
quit "because of my convictions" kept
Chairman Celler on the- edge of his chair
with such blunt comments as:
"If Congress doesn't curb monopoly
now, we will wake up very soon and find
ourselves in a complete Socialistic society
... Congress must take a resolute hold of
these run-away monsters . . . unless the
government steps in we, the people, are
"Stalin," said Quinn, "could take lessons"
from our own corporation overlords.
"Stockholders of General Electric and Gen-
4.- s2$ or
ettepoi TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
MATTER OF FACT
by STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-According to all reports,
Admiral Forrest Sherman has taken
hold remarkably quickly in his new role as
Chief of Naval Operations. The preliminary
house-cleaning is well under way. But to
understand the enormous difficulties which
still confront him and Secretary of the
Navy Francis Matthews, it is necessary to
examine some of the inner history which
led-up to Sherman's replacement of Admiral
Louis Denfeld. For this inner history reveals
the ruthless determination of the rebellious
admirals, under the leadership of Admiral
Arthur Radford. And no one doubts that
the admirals are still rebellious.
* * *
T HE EXTRAORDINARY lengths to which
the rebels were willing to go were first
demonstrated at the beginning of October,
when Matthews called a meeting of the top
Pentagon admirals in his office. The meet-
ing- was attended by Matthews, Denfeld,
Admiral John Price, Vice-Chief of Naval
Operations, who was Radford's chief Penta-
gon ally, and most of the department's high-'
est ranking officers.
Matthews told the admirals that, he and
Denfeld had been conferring with represen-
tatives of the House Armed Services Com-
mittee, which had been hearing the false
charges of corruption in B-36 procure-
ment. Together they had decided to bring
the hearings to a close, on the grounds that
further testimony would endanger the
NEXT DAY stories appeared in the press
describing the meeting in detail, and
implying that Matthews was trying to stifle
the Navy. It was soon established that one
of the pro-Radford group at the meeting
had turned the information over to "OPS-
23," the section then covertly fighting unifi-
cation, and OPS-23 had passed the story on,
to the press.
As was intended, this device forced re-
consideration of the decision. On the
afternoon of Oct. 3, Matthews, Denfeld,
Admiral Radford (who had arrived in
Washington) and a few others met with
Moto ,, nkc t ti tiw.u irarv ...
Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl
Matthews again recommended on secur-
ity grounds against public hearings, and
Denfeld joined him. Radford, breaking open-
ly with his two chiefs, violently objected.
Again the rebels seemed to have lost.
* * *
NEXT DAY, the Crommelin letters were
handed to the press. There is not the
slightest doubt that these letters were pre-
pared in advance for precisely such an even-
tuality. Matthews, to whom the letters were
ostensibly addressed, read Denfeld's endorse-
ment for the first time in the papers. Den-
feld has expressed completely contrary opin-
ions to Matthews a few weeks before, when
Matthews had recommended him for re-
appointment. It soon transpired that Den-
feld's signature had been obtained by the
pro-Radford men on his staff, and that he
had no idea of its significance.
At this point, Matthews decided that the
time had come to assert his authority. He
and Defense Secretary Louis Johnson went
to the White House on Oct. 5, and asked
for the authority to replace Denfeld, and
to use strong measures to bring the re-
bellious admirals into line.
Meanwhile, the Crommelin letters had
had the effect intended. In a secret vote,
the Armed Services Committee showed a
majority of one for public hearings. By
this time the situation in the Navy Depart-
ment was such that the Radford group of
admirals simply by-passed their civilian
chief, refusing to consult him on their
testimony before the Committee. Denfeld
did agree to work with Matthews on his
testimony, yet Matthews in he end read
Denfeld's statement, siding squarely with the
Radford rebels, in a press release.
Moreover, this inner history of the affair
demonstrates that it was more than a mere
honest difference of opinion. It was a covert
revolt, not only against unification and the
Joint Chiefs of Staff strategy, but against
the constitutional principle of civilian con-
trol of the armed services.
QHERMAN's APPOINTMENT does not end
the matter. Matthews, a stubborn man,
is determined to do the impossible, and re-
To the Editor:
SERE HAS been much mouth-
1 ing in The Daily of late re-
garding ways to make the Student 1
Legislature more effective. Read-
ers have been subjected almost
weekly to the opinions of The t
Daily's editorial staff, and almost
daily to the opinions of the of-
ficers, functionaries, and flunkeys
of the IFC and the AIM.
It would seem, then that The
Daily is sincerely interested in
ways to improve the efficacy of
the SL; yet when said paper is of-
fered a perfect chance to do some- '
thing constructive, it completely
muffs the opportunity. I refer to
the short article in Thursday's
Daily to the effect that the CED
anti-bias referendum was kept off
the ballot by the SL by a vote of
21-16. The Daily did not see fit
to print the names of either the
21 or the 16. Precisely how does
The Daily expect effective and
a; pPnssible 4tudent government, if
The Daily fails to tell its readers
how the legislators are voting?
,On the, one hand we have Daily
editorials', piously instructing its
readers to vote for candidates on
the basis of what the candidate
stands for; on the other hand we
have The Daily arbitrarily refus-
ing to tell its readers what the
candidates do stand for. Granted
that anyone, even The Daily, can
make a' mistake, such palpable in-
consistency between word and act
is completely inexcusable, and
represents a type of irresponsible
journalism that, The Daily could
well do without.
-Morton L. Simons.
Co-op Bookstore . . .
To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to thank Mr.
Charles R. Carlton for his very
provocative letter concerning the
co-op bookstore. Your letter, Mr.
Carlton, contains a few miscon-
ceptions that I would like to clear
up for your benefit and the bene-
fit of the whole campus.
When we' undertook the project
two years ago we had to concern
ourselves with the feasibility of
starting a co-op bookstore here in
Ann Arbor. The Student Legisla-
ture contacted many co-op book-
stores throughout the nation, got
their opinions and information
about their systems. We also asked
for information about their capi-
tal, how it was raised and from
whom. Data was also compiled
concerning the co-op stores which
have been tried on other campuses
and failed within the last few
years. In other words, a detailed
study of the situation was made
before any report was presented.
The difficulties to be encoun-
tered centered about two things,
capital and competition.
The lowest estimate of the
amount needed to start a book-
store on this campus was fifty
thousand dollars. Because of the
large number of students on cam-
pus and the diversity of courses
offered, a large inventory would
be essential if a real service were
to be done. If we stocked books
for only a few courses, we would
be of little value to the student
body, and the savings offered to
each individual student could only
be very small.
This brings up the question of
raising capital. The best way sug-
gested was to sell shares in the
store to students. This would
mean that about $2.50 would have
to be collected for every student
on campus. The enterprise would
be an experiment, and we could
not honestly guarantee the stu-
dent any return on his money. We
could not even guarantee that his
money would be returned. Con-
sidering these things, the average
student would probably be some-
what wary of investing.
. Now we come to the subject of
competition. I'm sure that there
are few people who come to Ann
Arbor who are not immediately
impressed with the power of the
local bookstores. They control the
most important . leases in town;
they print many textbooks them-
selves; they are old, established
firms and are very strong finan-
cially and politically.
So you see, Mr. Carlton, all is
not milk and honey. Most co-op
bookstores are either university
sponsored or were started long
ago when competition was weak
and little capital necessary. The
successful co-ops started on, a
small scale and grew with their
universities. I'm sure you can see
that our situation in Ann Arbor is
I can well understand your de-
sire for a co-op bookstore, Mr.
Carlton, and I am sure it is
shared by everyone in the Student
Legislature and by most people on
campus. The legislature, did, how-
ever, vote unanimously to drop the
new-textbook store because it was
"not feasible at this time."
The question is by no means
closed. We will continue to work
on some alternative plans which
either overcome or avoid the dif-
ficulties I have mentioned. Any
constructive sugestion for solving
constructive suggestion for solving
welcome. At this time the Cam-
pus Action Committee is consider-
ing a co-op supply store and an
enlarged book exchange. I want
to assure you that killing my own
pet project did not give me plea-
sure, but sometimes you just have
to face the facts and act accord-
-Hugh W. Greenberg
Campus Action Committee.
Color Line .. .
To the Editor:
FOOTBALL ENDS next week
and basketball takes over at
the U. of M. Are we going to have
a good team and win back the Big
9 crown we relinquished last year?
Having a good team means put-
ting top campus material on it.
I doubt whether we're going to
have the best players if we re-
strict Negro participation. Our
basketball team has never played
a Negro, yet several have played
professional ball after leaving
Michigan. Indiana broke the color
line in the Big 9; surely we can
do the same. There are some good
players going out for the team this
year. Let's not lose games by dis-
qualifying men because of color.
(Cqutinued from Page 2)
ination for the position of Zone
Deputy Collector - Office Auditor
in the 7th Region only. For addi-
tional information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
Interviews: Mr. C. C. LeVene,
Douglas Aircraft Company, Santa
Monica, California, will interview
Senior and Graduate Aeronautical
and Mechanical Engineering stu-
dents; also some advanced degree
men (M.S. and Ph.D. candidates)
in Physics, Electrical and Civil
Engineering, Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday, Nov. 14, 15, and 16,
1521 E. -Engineering. Application
blanks available in 1079 E. E. See
the Aero bulletin board for inter-
University Community Center.
Sun., Nov. 13, Village Church
10:45 a.m. Church Service; 4:30
p.m. Study and discussion; 5:30
p.m. Pot-luck supper.
Mon., Nov. 14, 8 p.m. University
Wives' Club (All Village wives are
invited to become members if they
are employed by the University, or
if their husbands are faculty or
other employees.) Program by the
Tues., Nov. 15, 8 p.m. Bridge
Party. Everybody invited. Wives'
Club nominating committee.
Wed~ Nov. 16, 8 p.m. Creative
Writers. Beginners' bridge. Cer-
Thurs., Nov. 17, 8 p.m. Ceramics.
Choir. Water-color and textile-
painting. Cooperative Nursery
Sun., Nov. 20, 6 p.m. Village
Church Fellowship Pot-luck Sup-
per. Families invited.
International Center Weekly Cal-
Sun., Nov. 13, 8:30 p.m. Sunday
Nite Snack; 7:30 p.m. World Af-
fairs Roundtable, Discussion on
Germany; entertaining 15 visiting
Mon., Nov. 14; 4 p.m. Sociedad
Hispanica. Social Dancing and dis-
cussion; 7 p.m. Numa Club social
(Wives of the Lions).
Tues., Nov. 15, 4:30 p.m. Ameri-
can Etiquette Class, 7:30 p.m. Rus-
sian Circle; 8 p.m. Medical Round-
table (Rm. 151 Old Chemistry
Bldg.; Dr. E. H. Payne of Parke
Davis, lecturer), movies.
Wed., Nov. 16, 7:30 p.m. Bridge
Thurs., Nov. 17, 7:30 p.m. Polon-
Fri., Nov. 18, 8 p.m. Instruction'
in Ballroom Dancing.
Sun., Nov. 20, 6:30 p.m. Sunday
Nite Supper (typical Persian sup-
per); 8 p.m. World Affairs Round-
table Discussion by Prof. Geo. G.
Cameron on Persia followed by
film and slides.
Doctoral Examination for Har-
lan Murray Hungerford, English
and Education;'thesis: "The Verb
Head Construction and its Modi-
fication Patterns in Present-Day
English, with Special Reference to
the Marked Infinitive and Single-
Word Adverbs," Sun., Nov. 13,
1522 Rackham Bldg., 9:30 a.m.
Chairman, C. C'. Fries.
Organic Chemistry Seminar:
7:30 p.m., Mon., Nov. 14, 1300
Chemistry. Speaker: Allen Filbey.
Topic: The Copolymerization of
Maleie Anhydride and Monoole-
Mathematical Logic Seminar:
Meeting, -7:30 p.m., Mon., Nov. 14,
3217 A.H. Mr. Thompson will
speak on the application of recur-
sive functions to the theory of
Mathematics Orientation Semi-
nar: Mon., Nov. 14, 3 p.m., 3001
AH. Mr. Davey will finish "Can-
tinued Fractions," and Mr. Cross
will discuss their application to
the separation of roots.
Bacteriology Seminar, Tuesday,
Nov. 15, 10:30 a.m., Rm. 1520 East
Medical Bldg. Speaker: Dr. Walter
r J. Nungester. Subject: Some Tech-
niques for Studying Resistance to
Carillon Recital: Prof. Percival
1 Price, University carillonneur, 7:15
i p.m., Monday.
Program : Three Irish Airs : The
c Minstrel Boy, The Valley Lies
i Smiling, Believe Me If All Those
i Endearing Young Charms; Prelude
s 7, Meno mosso from Scherzo, Op.
37, Marche Funebre by Chopin; a
group of popular songs of the First
World War, and will close with
Concert: The University Musi-
cal Society will present Italo Tajo,
distinguished bass of the Metropo-
litan Opera Association, in the
fifth Choral Union concert Wed.,
Nov. 16, 8:30 p.m.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton
Faculty Concert: "Die Winter-
reise" (The Winter's Journey), a
song cycle by Franz Schubert, will
be sung by Leslie Eitzen, soprano,
at 8:30 p.m., Sun., Nov. 13, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Mrs. Eitzen
will be accompanied by Mary Fish-
burne, also a member of the School
of Music faculty. The public is
Stanley Quartet: The second
program in the current series of
concerts by the Stanley Quartet
will be presented at 8:30 pm.,
Tues., Nov. 15, in the Rackham
Assembly Hail. Among the com-
positions to be played by the Quar-
tet is one by Walter Piston, en-
titled "Quintet" for piano, two
violins, viola, and cello, which was
commissioned by the University
of Michigan, dedicated to the
Stanley Quartet and Joseph Brink-
man, and first performed by thew
in Ann Arbor on August 2 of this
year. Mr. Brinkman will again ap-
pear with the group in this pre-
The general public is invited.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: Contemporary American
Painting, through Nov. 27, week-
days 9-5, Sundays 2-5. The public
Lutheran Student Association:
5:30 p.m., supper. 7 p.m., Meeting
and a movie shown: "Like a
Mighty Army," by Cathedral MIms
of United Lutheran Church.
Unitarian Student Group: 6:30
p.m. at the First Unitarian church.
John Morris, chairman of group,
will lead discussion on the topic:
"God-Retreat from Responsibil-
ity?" Refreshments and social ac-
Westminster Guild: 9 a.m.--Cof-
fee and rolls. 9:30 a.m. Sunday.
moning seminar in religion. 5:30
p.m. Fellowship supper. Following
the supper, the Wesleyan and Rog-
er Williams Guilds will join the
Westminster Guild at 6:45 p.m..
to hear Dr. Stanton Lautenschlag
er, missionary to china, speak on
Lutheran Student Chapel: Gam-
ma Delta, Lutheran student club:
supper and program at 5:30 p.m.
A talk by the pastor on "The
Christian Youth Goes Courting."
Supper at 6 p.m. at the Congre-
gational Church. Mrs. Alma Polk
(Continued on Page 7)
Rhapsody for large caril
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Merle Levitt ........... Sports, G9-Editor
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Now fell me, Mr. Glofz-
:-What And THE
IERE, Mr. Glotz, you have your
[Pretty dull program so for, Barnaby---