THE MICHIGAN DAILY,
TUDENTS will have an opportunity to
greatly strengthen their control over
the Michigan Union when they convene to-
night to amend the Union's antiquated con-
Highly controversial amendments will
be up for approval and these deserve
careful consideration. Many of the amend-
ments would shift power into the hands
of Union student members, and it is of
utmost concern to them that the proposals
be written into the constitution. There-
fore a quorum at tonight's meeting is es-
Here is a brief rundown on the questions
which will be settled:
Amendments I through V involve changes
of a clarifying nature which would be ben-
eficial to the Union if passed.
But amendments VI and VII would be
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: NANCY BYLAN
U S. Chamber of Commerce delegates as
usual found at their.38th annual meet-
ing little in the Truman Fair Deal of which
they approved. Significantly, though, they
did write, though cautiously, an endorse-
ment of one part of the administration pro-
gram-the President's Point Four proposal.
Such an endorsement is not really sur-
prising. For once it's understood, the Point
Four program can be seen as American
capitalism at its most far-sighted.
Although there are congressional critics
who call Point Four a program for "global
WPA," the facts aren't there to support
them. Point Four embodies nothing more
than a recognition that American produc-
tion, if it's to continue at high levels, has
to have new markets. Snee those markets
won't create themselves, it's up to this na-
tion to create them. One way to achieve the
creation is by extending loans or even mak-,
ing gifts to other nations, already indus-
trialized but war-shaken, to help them get
back on their feet so they can buy Ameri-
can goods; that is the way of the Marshall
Plan. A sounder, more enduring method,
though, is to help backward countries in-
dustralize and so increase national incomes
to the point where purchases of American
goods will become possible; that is the way
of Point Four.
Point Four represents a sharp break with
lingering theories of mercantilism, which
held that backward nations were good only
as sources of raw materials. It represents a
long stride forward toward the realization
that capital today needs, not so much new
resources, but new customers.
A native who today must scramble to
scratch his livelihood from a barren plot
of ground is obviously in no position to
buy American bathtubs or shoes or cars.
But if tomorrow he can be employed in a
thriving industry and can be gven a cash
income, he obviously will be able to buy
and eager to do it.
Leaving all questions of idealism to one
side, then, the Point Four proposal for ex-
porting American capital and know-how
makes eminent sense. And it was for just
such enlightened commercial reasons that
the Chamber of Commerce endorsed it.
-St. Louis Star Times
a hindrance. In these the Board of Directors
attempts to raise the quorum required at fu-
ture meetings for constitutional revision.
The Board seeks a quorum of five per cent
of the Union membership, or what would
amount to approximately 750 male students.
These amendments should not be pass-
ed unless it is clearly demonstrated to.-
night that such a quorum is easy to ac-
Amendment VIII provides for more equit-
able student representation in the election
of the Union vice-presidents. It would also
add another vice-president and give stu-
dents a stronger voice on the Union Board
of Directors. Although amendment VIII is
desirable, it could stand alteration concern-
ing certain details. Such alterations will
probably be attempted from the floor to-
night, and should be accepted.
Amendment IX would provide students
with an overwhelming majority on the
Selection Committee of the Board of Di-
rectors. Certainly this proposal is a good
Amendment X presents the crucial issue
of whether the top Union posts should be
thrown open to popular election. This
amendment provides voters with two choices.
One would allow the Selection Committee
to continue appointing the Union president
and secretary. The other would have the
Selection Committee merely nominate a
small number of qualified candidates, leav-
ing the final choice up to Union members
in all-campus elections.
Although it seems unlikely that direct
election of the Union's top officers would
actually harm the Union, Union officials
seem to think it would- Because they are
in a position to know best, their wisdom
should be accepted in this case.
Most of the contemplated amendments
are vitally necessary for the type of student
control the Union ought to have. For this
reason it should be the responsibility of
every male student on campus to make an
effort to attend tonight's meeting.
D R AMA
THE TEMPEST ... With Arnold Moss,
Vera Zorina. Presented by the Ann Arbor
Drama Season. At the Lydia Mendelssohn.
THE second post-war drama season got off
last night to a reasonably thumping
start with Arnold Moss, abetted by Vera Zor-
ina, in an admirably staged version of The
Tempest. There are some good things to be
said about the production and there are
some ungood things.
Arnold Moss was one of the good things.
From his position at the peak of the Mellen-
camp-designed papier-mache island, he had
no difficulty at all in dominating the pro-
ceedings. Prospero's a far cry from Mal-
volio, and Moss demonstrated that he is the
boy to handle them both.
I did not find much to recommend Vera
Zorina as an actress. She has a solid rich
voice and seems a very personable young
lady indeed, but in the role of Ariel she was
too much of this world. One has the right to
expect one's spirits to be more spirit-like.
John Alexander, who did Caliban, chose to
underline the brutish aspects of his monster'
and, save for one impressive speech, soft-
pedaled the reasoning animal. As for the
remainder of the professional cast, they
were distinguishable most of the time from
Diane Faulk and William Bromfield, who
were Miranda and Ferdinand, were compe-
tent within reason. Bromfield in particular
I remember having seen to better advan-
tage-particularly as Edgar in Play Produc-
Thank heavens the Mellencamps are still
here. Their revolving set amounted to all
sides of a very likely-looking island indeed,
although not so likely as to prohibit the
presence of a flock of, as the program has it,
"sprites and goblins."
The production was directed by Valentine
Windt, and special dance sequences were by
Juana de Laban.
-W. J. Hampton
The Next Shift Is Waiting"
"Let'" Co"e To Order, Cass.
DAILY OFFICIAL, BULLETIN
etteP4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Union Meeting .
4'since they are
Washington Merry-Go -Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
To the Editor:
AS A PART of its new revitaliz-
ed program of campus-wide
service, the Association of Inde-
pendent Men has begun regular
publication of an informational
Significantly, the first issue is
devoted almost entirely to to-
night's important Union meeting.
AIM urges every Union member
-that includes every male Uni-
versity student-to attend. We feel
that all points of view will be re-
presented in the floor discussion
so that those comparatively un-
familiar with the pros and cons of
the several controversial amend-
ments will be able to vote intelli-
Supposedly, our Union is a men's
club serving all of its members.
Whether we be independent or
affiliated, we all have a stake in
bettering, this service.
The first step can be taken in
tonight's mass meeting. All that
is needed are 400 men with:
1. Union membership cards.
2. I.D. cards.
3. A will to act in the best in-
terests of all.
WASHINGTON - Genial GOP Chairman
Guy Gabrielson now has so many state-
ment-makers that he's had to hire a boss
to control them. In fact, there are almost
more ghost-writers and publicity men in
and around Republican headquarters than
there are potential candidates for the White
House, and each ghost-writer seems to be
working for his own particular dark horse.
Some time ago the Republicans decided
to follow the lead of the late Charley
Michelson, who, with astute statements
written backstage for big-name Demo-
crats, helped put across several Democratic
But now there are so many high-priced
GOP publicity men that chairman Gabriel-
son finds himself .a quarterback on a team
where everyone else is calling the signals.
Here is the roll call of the GOP ghost-writers
and the party factions they represent:
BOB HUMPHREYS-Ex-I.N.S. correspon-
dent, paid $20,000 a year by the national
committee, but actually works for ex-speaker
[ CRRE NT MOVIES
At The State ...
THE OUTLAW, with Walter Huston,
Thomas Mitchell, Jack Beutel and Jane
Russell (of course). Produced and direc-
ted by Howard Hughes.
THIS IS A very funny picture.
And not all of the humor in this story of
Billy the Kid is not, as I had heard, uncon-
cious Hughes goes after an ironic type of
humor quite often and nearly all the time
he comes up with effect he wants.
Let's stop and look at the word "effect."
That's the word which best sums up this
notorious effort. There's no integrated story
to the film, it's made up of one cute trick
When humor's sought, the picture is at
its peak. But Hughes doesn't do at all well
on the other effects. These others, too, seem
to have a tendency-to be amusing. For ex-
ample, when the effect is supposed to what
could best be described as sex, the reaction
is one of tolerant amusement.
I'd also been told that the acting was
atrocious. This happily is not true.
Of course with Huston and Mitchell in
the cast, it couldn't be too horrible. And
though the only acting Beutel and Miss
Russell could be accused of doing, is acting
no 4-urn 1 Chair.. n,.c~n n 111 .fAP 4- +1f t.h~r.ro
At The Michigan .. .
THE REFORMER AND THE REDHEAD
with June Allyson, Dick Powell, David
Wayne, and Marvin Kaplan.
THERE ISN'T MUCH new in the way of a
comic routine in THE REFORMER AND
THE REDHEAD, except that some that
have been successful in the past fail this
time. It takes a bit of time-and-a-half work
for Messrs. Powell who has to fight a ta-
lented lion for every laugh he gets, and
Wayne; the cynical composer in Adam's Rib,
who has to look as arch and knowing as
Pater's Mona Lisa to carry off the patchwork
Political reformer and orphan Powell gets
himself tied up with the local political ma-
chine. At first he's not as pure as he looks.
Bookeeper's daughter, June Allyson, fires
his dormant zeal for stamping out injus-
tices when she tells him that her father has
been fired by the machine after twenty
years of service to the zoo. She tells him
she loves him. She plays the petit but force-
ful type. Father (Cecil Kellaway) and
daughter bring home animals: lion, llamas,
chimps, you know, for rest and humaniza-
tion, and the noble beasts do an admirable
job trying to hold up the second half of the
film. A sample scene in the overlong pro-
cess to get Mr. Powell elected mayor with
Joe Martin. With a staff of 15 at the George
Washington Inn on Capitol Hill, Humphreys
grinds out speeches, statements and strategy
for Martin and his small crew of kingmakers
VIC JOHNSTON-Former Harold Stassen
lieutenant, paid $15,000 by the national com-
mittee to find words for Senators. He has a
staff of five. The white-haired, easygoing
Johnston represents the mildly progressive
GOP wing and is popular with newsmen.
ARTHUR HACHTEN-An ex-I.N.S. re-
porter, is Sen. Ken Wherry's "brain." He
is paid $10,860 annually by Congress and is
the man who enables Wherry to make those
quick comebacks at Truman. Hachten writes
'em and Wherry speaks 'em.
DICK GUYLAY-Onetime New York Her-
ald Tribune newsman, now a public rela-
tions and advertising expert specializing in
Republican campaigns. He is paid by Sen.
Robert Taft out of his own pocket.
BILL MYLANDER-Former correspondent
for the Cowles papers, he has the unhappy
task of trying to coordinate all the GOP
press agents. Bill gets $25,000 a year as the
new GOP Publicity Director.
Before Mylander was appointed, chairman
Gabrielson wanted to eliminate the large
word factories on capitol hill paid by the
national committee. But this brought such
snorts of rage that Gabrielson backed down.
Note-What got Gabrielson really sore
was a rumor apparently circulated by GOP
ghost-writers that Gabrielson was on his
way out as national chairman.
ONE OF THE chief proofs offered by Sen-
ator McCarthy and Louis Budenz that
Owen Lattimore is a Communist is that he
called the Chinese Communists "agrarian
reformers" and got other writers to do the
same. Thus they deceived the American
public and the State Department.
However, careful research into the writ-
ings of American experts on China now
reveals that it was not Lattimore who call-
ed the Communists "agrarian reformers,"
but a high-rahi:g Republican - none
other than Patrick J. Hurley.... .... ..
Hurley, who was Secretary of War in
Hoover's cabinet, GOP candidate for Sena-
tor from New Mexico, and U.S. Ambassador
to China, has been held up by the McCarthy
group as the man who was dead right about
the Chinese Communists, and whose work
Lattimore was trying to undermine. Yet on
returning from his ambassadoiral post in
China, Hurley, speaking before the National
Press Club on Nov. 29, 1945, was quoted in
the Washington Post as follows:
"In discussing the Chinese Communists,
Hurley said there might be some among
them who look to Moscow for guidance,
* * *e
Union Meeting .
To the Editor:
AT THE MEETING tonight the
Union membership and not
the Union Board of Directors is
the supreme governing body of the
The membership can and should
decide how they wish to consider
the amendments proposed. If stu-
dent initiative in p r o p o s i n g
changes in the Union constitution
is not to be defeated by a par-
liamentary maneuver, the amend-
ments must be considered under
Roberts Rules and voted upon sep-
arately one at a time, with the
membership voting upon the stu-
dent-initiated proposal of direct
election of the president before a
vote is taken upon the Board's
more moderate revision of Article
Under the Board's proposed
procedure of voting yes or no on
a single ballot at the conclusion
of the meeting, it is all but certain
that both proposals for changing
the method of selecting the presi-
dent will be defeated.
An amendment requires a
three-fourths vote of the mem-
bers present. With student opin-
ion somewhat divided on the
question it doesn't taken an as-
trologer to predict that neither
proposal will receive a three-
fourths vote when placed in
competition with the other.
And yet, the Board's proposal is
more preferable than the existing
structure so that most of the direct
election supporters would sup-
port the more moderate form if
their own plan loses. Only by a
separate vote on the floor of the
meeting can this .issue be satis-
By having the meeting consider
each amendment and take an im-
mediate vote, at least five of the
proposals can be passed readily
Amendments Six and Seven con-
cerning increasing the quorum and
the number of petitioners requir-
ed to call a membership meeting
can be tabled and hence defeated
readily without an extensive di-
bate, leaving Amendment Eight on
the election of vice-presidents and
the Tenth on Presidential selection
for more extended discussion and
decision in a democratic manner.
Space is up, for now.
To the Editor:
N 1929 the Great Depression be-
gan and we are not out of it yet.
The unemployed working classes
began to grumble. Shaken and
crumbling, capitalism resorted to
shooting down unemployed veter-
ans. At last, Wall Street, realizing
that no Republican was competent,
elected Roosevelt and his New
Deal, which was essentially a prop
for a rickety system of free enter-
prise (free enterprise meaning the
freedom to sell apples on the
But the New Deal was unable to
cope with the Depression, and by
1938, things looked black for the
middle class. Fortunately, the war
came on, and prosperity was re-
stored by truly vigorous deficit
spending. It was, of course, ironic
for businessmen to be fighting
Hitler, the reactionary capitalist's
true ally against economic democ-
Now, after the war, we have the
Marshall Plan to dump our surplus
abroad and keep up rich men's
profits (although the unemployed
poor at home are dying of hunger);
We have had a tremendous rearm-
ament program. We have had a
fear-crazed wave of anti-Negro
attacks, to keep them in their
place. We have had a reaction
against liberal labor, expressed by
the vicious Taft-Hartley law
(which repealed the 13th Amend-
ment). The Republicans tell us
we may starve, but at least we
may starve individualistically.
But we are again approaching
calamity. We have mounting mil-
ions of unemployed. Capital in-
vestment continues to fall (and
profits continue to rise for the
few). Liberals continue to be per-
secuted and denounced by the or-
gans of public opinion. All this
can only delay the inevitable day.
The great corporations will no
longer control our economic life,
as does Anaconda Copper in Mon-
tana and General Motors in Mich-
igan, or the Bank of America in
California. This country's long
suffering working class is fed up,
and will establish the Workers'
State, bringing peace and, at last,
the right for the worker to enjoy
the full fruits of his labor.
-Saul I. Greene
Dispatch from Canea, Crete:
"Eftikos Protopapadakis said to-
day that the greatest moment of
his hfe had arrived-at last he
was able to express his people's
gratitude to America by present-
ing all he possessed of any value
to PrEsident Truman. The gift A
-Chicago Daily Tribune
(Continued from Page 2)
Engineering Mechanics Seminar:f
Wed., May 17, 4 p.m., 101 West
Engineering Building. Dr. Paul F.
Chenea will discuss "Plastic Flowi
in Plane Strain Problems." All in-1
terested persons welcome. -
Psychology 31 review session for
all interested students is held each
Tuesday evening at 7:30 in 1025
Angell Hall. Topics for this week:
nervous system, endocrine system,
sense organs, perception, and ma-1
Doctoral Examination for Verne
Burton Kniskern, Zoology; thesis:
"The Life Cycle and Biology oft
Rhipidocotyle septpapillata Krull,i
1934 (Trematoda), and a Review
of the Family Bucephalidae,"1
Tues., May 16, E. Council Rm.,
Rackham Bldg., 9 a.m. Chair-
man, A. E. Woodhead
Doctoral Examination for Jacki
Arnold Kohn, Mineralogy; thesis:
"Directional Variation of Grind-
ing Hardness in Silicon Carbide
(SiC)," Tues., May 16, 4077 Nat-
ural Science Bldg., 3:30 p.m.'
Chairman, C. B. Slawson.
Doctoral Examination for Jacob
Henry Fischthal, Zoology; thesis:
"Rhopalocercariae in the Trema-
tode Subfamily Gorgoderinae,"
Wed., May 17, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., 9 a.m. Chairman,
G. R. LaRue.
Doctoral Examination for, Ken-
dall Andrews Keemon, Geology;
thesis: "The Geology of the Black-
tail-Snowcrest Region, Beaverhead
County, Montana." Wed., May 17,
2051 Natural Science Bldg., 10 a.-
m. Acting Chairman, K. K. Landes.
Doctoral Examination for Mur-
ray- Horwitz, Social Psychology;
thesis: "The Effects of Group
Goal-Setting and Locomotion on
Motivational Processes in the In-
dividual." Wed., May 17, West
Council Room, Rackham Bldg., 2
p.m. Chairman, D. Cartwright.
Doctoral Examination for Victor
Hugo Dietz, Bacteriology and Den-
tistry; t h e s i s: "Intracutaneous
Tests Using Filtrates Prepared
from Pathologic Pulps of Human
Teeth with Special Reference to
Rheumatoid Arthritis" Wed., May
17, Conference Room, Kellogg
Bldg., 7 p.m., Chairman, R. F.
Directed Teaching Qualifying
Examination: All students expec-
ting to do directed teaching at
the secondary school level next
fall are required to pass a qual-
ifying examination in the subject
in which they expect to teach.
This examination for all fields
will be held on Tues., May 16, 7
p.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about three hours time;
promptness is therefore essential.
Organ Recital: Edgar Hilliar,
Guest Organist from Mount Kisco,
New York, will present a program,
at 4:15 p.m., Wed., May 17, Hill
Auditorium. Compositions by Bach,
Vaughn Williams,' Jean Langlais,
Ernest Zechiel, Herman Schroe-
der and Oliver Messaien. Open to
Student Recital: Gilbert Vickers,
Tenor, will be heard in a pro-
gram of comrpositions by Ebart,
Bach, Handel, Brahms, and Ben-
jamin Britton at 8:30 p.m., Tues.,
May 16, in the Rackham Assembly
Hall, as partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Mr. Vickers is
a pupil of Harold Haugh and his
program will be open to the pub-
Tea Time at thetGuild House,
438 Maynard. 4:30 to 6 p.m. Con-
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Upper Room, Lane Hall.
Film Showing. "Historical Pa-
geant of the Dance," Architecture
Auditorium, 8 p.m. Public invited.
Anthropology Club. Meeting,
7:30 p.m., 3024 Museums Bldg. En-
trance to the building will be by
the rear door. Prof. Arthur Burks
of the Department of Philosophy
will address the club on "The Hu-
man and the Mechanical Brain."
Special Meeting of Union Mem-
bers to take action on the propos-
ed constitutional amendments,
The Department of Speech
withdraws the showing of the
film "The Birth of a Nation" sche-
duled for Wed., May 17, in defer-
ence to a request of a committee.
purporting to represent the Negro
students of the University.
Union Opera: Meeting of selec-
tees to M i m e s Organization
7:30 p.m., Wed., May 17, Rm. 3G'
Edited and managel by students 611
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editoo
Al Blumrosen........... City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Don McNeil............Feature Editor
Mary Stein......... ..Associate Editor"
Jo Misner............. Associate Editor
George Walker........Associate Editor
Wally Barth....... Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editoi -
Merle Levin..........Sports Co-Editor
Roger G -.....Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith.. Associate Women's Ed
Roger Wellington.....Business Manager
Dee Nelson, Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl........ Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff...... Finance ManageL
Bob Daniels...Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated 'Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches cerdited to it of
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at And
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mai
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00. #
I.S.A. Election of Officers for
fall semester, 7 p.m, International,
Graduate History Club: Meet
ing, 7 :30 p.m., Rackham Building
Illustrated lecture, "Luther Pro-
jected," by Prof. W. W. Florer.
Sigma Rho Tau, Engineering
Speech Society: Meeting, 7 p.m
Rm. 3S, Union. Program: Election
of new officers; details on coming,.
Banquet, May 26; and After-Din-
ner speaking cc test. Everyone
Pre-Dental Meeting: 7:30 p.m.,,
Grand Rapids room, League. "Air'
Dent" (the new technique for
painless drilling of teeth.) Speav
ker: Dr. William Mann.
Sigma Alpha Iota-Farewell Mu-i
sicale: Henderson Room, League,
8 p.m. Patronesses and alumnae,
Chess Club: 7:30 p.m., Union.
Square Dance Group: Lane Hall,
Quarterdeck Society: Regular
meeting, 7:30 p.m. Rm. 3D, Union.
Electon of officers.
Wolverine Club: Meeting, 7:30
p~m. Rm. 3M, Union.
Canterbury Club: Wed., 7:15
a.m., Holy Communion followed
by Student Breakfast.
Michigan Arts Chorale. Meet in
Rm. B, Haven Hall, Wed-, 7 ,p.m.,
Business meeting and election of"
new officers for next year.
Pi Sigma Alpha National Honor
Political Science Fraternity. An-
nual initiation and membership
banquet, Thurs., May 18, 6:15 p.m.,
Anderson Room, Union. Guest
Speaker: Prof. John Dawson, Law
School. Reservations may be made
with Mrs. Harris in the Political.
Science Department Office.
Flying Club: Meeting, May 17
7:30 p.m-, 1042 E. Engine Building.
Election of summer president,
Year's finnancial report.
Square & Folk Dance Club Meetil
ing: Wed., May 17, 7:30-9:45 p.m.,
Barbour Gymnasium. Everyone
of the University Fact
4 to 6 p.m., Wed., May
floor clubroom, League.
I ( -.-
AA...C.,.....,tt v,.,.'.,e rnr + AY1lU/bT