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May 09, 1950 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-05-09

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COMMUNIST PARTY AND
DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY
See Page 4

w

Latest Deadline in the State

aitl

MUGGY

VOL. LX, No. 149 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1950

SIX PAGES

HST Labels
Isolationists
AsRed Aids
Cites Farm Plan
As Step to Peace
By The Associated Press
President Truman accused iso-
lationists yesterday of "helping
Russia" and offered the Brannan
farm plan as a step toward world
peace and prosperity.
Defending the record of the
Democratic 81st Congress, the
President began a 10-day, 16-state
stump tour of the West by assail-
ing those he said want to "econo-
mize by following an isolationist
policy."
"THEY ARE SO short sighted,"
he declared, "that they don't see.
that isolationism would let the rest
of the world be swallowed up by.
Communism.
"That would certainly bring
on a new world war," he added.
With a representative of the Re-
publicans dogging his heels at
See PICTURE, Page 6

SLASH FORSEEN:

State Battle over
'U' Budget Nears
By RON LINTON
(Of Our Lansing Bureau)
LANSING-It's only a matter of hours until the 1950 appropria-
tions bill hits the State House of Representatives, with the University's
operating and capitol outlay appropriations requests at stake.
House Republicans have caucused in an attempt to work out
strategy for getting their program through the House.
BUT THE DEMOCRATS have organized into strategic units with
each unit having a mission to destroy a certain phase of the GOP
finance program.
Among the top programs under verbal House weapons is
the University's operating budget request of $12,500,050 and a
$ request for a $3,095,000 capitol
outlay appropriation.
L R ea~ The University can expect a
slash from $500,000 to $1,000,000 in
the operating request, observers
ToMeetCIO gay. * * *

T-H

Loyalty

I

)ath
Lax

Upheld;
V Nulled

Borne-Trip

4:P

Union Wins
As Michigan
Law Voided

every whistle stop, the President
lashed out in his first majo
speech at Lincoln, Neb., at the
"mud-slinging, name-calling op-
position" which he said fights
every new proposal to benefit the
country.
OF THE BRANNAN proposal, he
said in a prepared address:
"The plain fact is that the
production payment plan is the
best plan yet proposed for get-
ting an abundantproduction of
perishable crops consumed with-
out knocking the bottom out of
the farmer's income."~
Under the plan, farmers would
sell their non-storable crops fo
whatever they would bring on the
market. The government would
pay them any difference between
that price and a fixed level aimed
at giving them an adequate in-
come.
MEANWHILE Senator Wherry
(R-Neb.) accused President Tru-
man of "chasing rainbows gaudily
painted by alien-minded radical
advisers" seeking to put across
"spendthrift socialism" in the
United States.
Wherry, Senate GOP floor-
leader, fired his blast in reply to
the first of Truman addresses on
his tour.
The Senator's 1,000-word de-
nunciation of Truman's program
marked the kickoff of a concerted
Republican drive to meet all the
President's speeches with GOP
counterattacks. It is the first time
the party has tried the experiment
to offset Truman's "give 'em Hell"
stumping tactics.
Aid Rushed to
Fire-Ravaged
4 QuebecTown
RIMOUSKI, QUE.,-(/P)-An ar-
my of relief workers took over yes-
terday where dead-tired fire fight-
ers left off to bring aid to 2,500
made homeless by the worst fire
in the history of the region.
Only half of this industrial town
of 15,000 on the St. Lawrence Riv-
er, northeast of Quebec, is left.
The rest was consumed by flames,
turned into a mammoth blow-
torch by 80-mile-an-hour gales
which swept through block after
block Saturday night and Sunday.
* * *
THE PROPERTY loss was es-
timated $20,000,000.
Although miraculously n o
deaths have been reported, re-
lief officials are double-checking
to be sure that none of the
townfolk is missing. Many resi-
dents fled to nearby towns.
Some, their homes gone, are be-
ing put up by friends and rela-
tives. The rest are being housed
in emergency tents and all avail-
able building space.
Health officers have ordered
special p-recautions against the
spread of disease that might re-
sult from disruption of most nor-
mal services. The Montreal Red
Cross is flying supplies of blood
plasma to St. George Sanatorium
in nearby Mont Joli to treat some
of the 250 patients evacuated from
St. Joseph Hospital before the fire
consumed it.
ALTHOUGH EXHAUSTED fire-

On Merger
PHILADELPHIA - (P) - The
AFL said again yesterday that it
is willing to meet with the CIO
and draw up plans for permanent
merger of both organizations.
But President William Green
of the AFL made it clear in a let-
ter to President Philip Murray of
the CIO that unity must be on "a
permanent and organic basis" and
"not merely upon a tentative and
cooperative basis."
* * *
THE CIO chieftain also asked
John L. Lewis's United Mine
Workers, The International As-
sociation of Machinist and the
four Independent Railroad Broth-
erhoods to join the "unity" effort.
Specifically, Murray asked the
AFL and the other unions to set
up a group that would provide
joint cooperation on economic
legislative and political prob-
lems.
Murray wanted only functional
unity, arguing that the two groups
should first cooperate within a
committee before final merger.
In effect, Green's letter to Mur-
ray today restates the old AFL
principle of permanent unity-or
nothing.
U.S. To Aid in
Indochina War
PARIS-(M)-Secretary of State
Dean Acheson announced last
night that immediate American
financial aid and military equip-
ment will be thrown into the
shooting war in Indochina.
At the same time authoritative
sources said he had won French
assent to putting western Ger-
mans in charge of their own for-
eign policy for the first time since
the war.
THESE developments came
from day-long conferences among
the American Secretary of State,
French Foreign Minister Robert
Schuman and their aides- They
were th first fruits of conferences,
expected to continue here and in
London for at least 10 days, with
ministers of Atlantic Pact nations
on tightening the Cold War front
against communism.
Authoritative informants said
Schuman and Acheson had
agreed, subject to British For-
eign Secretary Ernest Bevin's
accord, on revisions of the Ger-
man Occupation Statute which
would give the Bonn Repubic
virtually complete leeway in its
political and economic affairs.
It was emphasized, however,
that any changes in the Statute
agreed upon in London would not
be put into effect until next fall.
present 2.4 average for fratern-

HOWEVER, the capitol outlay
appropriation will probably be split
in two with the Legislature giving
the University a million and a half
dollars this year and the same
amount next year.
The House ways and means
committee and Senate finance
committee have been working
six weeks in preparation of the
bills.
University officials have met
with the committees on several
occasions.
Capitol observers are predicting
that it will take until the end of
May to pass all the financial mea-
sures, but Legislators have talked
of finishing by the 19th.
IFC Alumni
Ask 'U' Liquor
Ban Removal
Urge Use of State
Law as Substitute
The local IFC alumni organiza-
tion has drawn up a proposal
recommending the removal of the
present University regulations re-
garding intoxicating beverages
and insertion of the state law
dealing with the same subject.
The proposal plus another
recommendation concerning the
present 2.4 average for fratern-
ities will be presented to the office
of student affairs within the next
few days.
AT THE present time, Univer-
sity regulations include the fol-
lowing rule: "Use and presence of
intoxicating beverages in student
quarters is not permitted."
This regulation would be re-
placed by the state law, "No
minor student can remain in
any building where intoxicating
beverages are being served or
furnished."
It was also proposed by the
group that only men living in
fraternity houses would have their
averages included when calculat-
ing the fraternity group average-
At the present a 2.4 average is re-
quired for a group consistingof
actives living in and out of the
house, and all pledges.
Judiciary Petitions
Now Available
All men interested in petitioning
for one of the four open posts on
Men's Judiciary Council may get
petitions from 3 to 5 p.m. today
and tomorrow in the SL office,
1020 Administration Building, SL
president Quent Nesbitt announc-
ed yesterday.
The petitions must be turned in
not later than Friday afternoon,
Nesbitt added. ,

Appeal Resulted
From '48 Strike
A unanimous decision by the
United States Supreme Court yes-
terday outlawed Michigan's con-'
troversial Bonine-Tripp labor law.
The successful appeal resulted
from the efforts of the UAW (CIO)
which had taken the case to the,
high court as a result of a 1948
strike at Chrysler Corp.
* * *
A HEARING was also asked by
the National Labor Relations
Board on the grounds that the
act conflicted with the Federal
Taft-Hartley Law.
Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson
who concurred with this view
delivered th unanimous opinion
of the court.
"Without question the Michigan'
law conflicts with the exercise of
Federally protected labor rights.
A state statute so at war with
Federal law connot survive," Vin-
son said.
THE EFFECT of the Supreme
Court's decision will invalidate the
statute's mediation and strike vote
provisions in interstate disputes.
But the decision failed to im-
mediately make clea'r whether
the act is entirely void.
In cases not involving interstate
commerce, it may continue to be
applied.,
Effective since October 12, 1945,
the law has continually been as-
sailed as unconstitutional by the
unions.
The UAW's chief criticism was
focused on a clausedesigned to
forbid a walkout unless the major-
ity of the workers involved voted
their aproval, the same proce-
dure required by the Taft-Hartley
Law.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A filibuster
loomed yesterday in the Senate as
it plunged grimly into a civil
rights dispute that may hold up
other business for weeks. The is-
sue was a proposal to set up a
federal Fair Employment Practices
Commission (FEPC) to prevent
discrimination because of race,
color, religion or n'ational origin.
The debate was on a motion to
bring the measure before the Sen-
ate.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Republican
Senator Flanders yesterday ask-
ed the Senate to ban further
open hearings in the investiga-
tion of charges of Communism
in the State Department to pre-
vent "much harm" at home and
abroad.

CHRYSLER WORKERS CROWD UNION HEAD QUARTERS-United Auto Workers (CIO) mem-
bers gather at union headquarters to hear details of Chysler strike settlement. With Chrysler back
into production yesterday, the nation's automobile industry was headed for what observers specul-
ated as one of the heaviest week's production in history.

I

CED PETITION:-

Nurse Killed
Evelyn Webb, 25 years old, a
nurse at University Hospital,
was killed at 9 p.m. yesterday
when a car she was driving col-
lided with a truck on U.S. 12,
16 miles west of Ann Arbor.
Lonnie Griffin, of 7414 Val-
ley drive, Hamburg, the owner
of the car, suffered a fractured
arm. He was the only passen-
ger.
Miss Webb was dead on ad-
mittance to St. Joseph's Hos-
pital. She lived at 110 N. First
street in Ann Arbor.
Lecture Ban
Debate To Go
U for Aproval
The fate of an all-campus
"town meeting" to discuss the
campus speaker problem will be'
decided today by the Student Leg-
islature cabinet and the Student
Affairs Committee-
A student-faculty committee
last night made tentative plans
for the meeting. It is slated for
May 25 in Hill Auditorium, with a
panel of six speakers discussing
"Who Shall Speak?"
* * * .
THEY ARE TO consider wheth-
er all speakers and all viewpoints
should be allowed to be heard on
campus, or whether the limitations
now imposed by the University
Lecture Committee should prevail
The Student Legislature cabinet
will meet this morning and decide
whether too recognize the student-
faculty committee as an SL sub-
committtee. And this afternoon
the Student Affairs Committeee
will be asked to approve the mass
meeting.
Three speakers have already
been lined up.
Thy are Dean Hayward Kenis-
ton, of the literary college, who
will speak for the faculty in favor
of hearing all speakers and view-
points; Adele Hager, '51, Student
Legislature vice-president, who
will join him on behalf of the
students, and Tom Roach, '51,
who will be the student opposition
speaker.

Open Letter To Dean
Attracts Large Crowd
By NAN BYLAN
An open petition addressed to Dr. Wayne L. Whitaker, chairman
of medical school admissions committee, attracted large crowds of
students to the middle of the diagonal yesterday where the petition
had been set up by the Committee to End Discrimination.
The petition has already accumulated over 500 signatures, in-
cluding those of several medical school students, according to the
estimates of Chuck Bisdee, CED chairman.
* * *
PAINTED IN black and red on a large piece of cardboard, the
petition is in the form of a letter to Dr. Whitaker.
The letter reads:-
"Medical School applications A
ask for information pertaining SAC To Act

High Court
Approves in
5=-l Decision
Free Speech Not
Cut, Says Vinson
WASHINGTON,-(P)-The Su-
preme Court yesterday upheld the .
Taft-Hartley Act provision which
-requires union officials to file non-
Communist oaths if their unions
are to use machinery of the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board.
Chief Justice Vinson said the
majority concluded that the sec-
tion "does not unduly infringe
freedom protected by the first
amendment" to the Constitution.
That is the free speech amend-
ment.
BY FILING the oath, unions
gain the law's protection of vital
bargaining rights.
The vote was generally inter-
preted as 5-1 with Justice Black
dissenting. Black objected that
by following the same reasoning
it did today the C6urt might up-
hold similar penalties against
either of the major political
parties. He acknowledged that is
not likely to happen.
This first ruling on the much
disputed provision of the 1948 -la-
bor act came on two appeals filed
by the CIO United Steelworkers
and the CIO American Communi-
cations Association. Both appealed
from lower federal court decisions
upholding the provision.
NATIONAL OFFICERS of both
unions have filed non-Communist
affidavits with the NLRB. They
did so after starting the legal ac-
tions on which the high court
acted.
Both national and local offi-
cers of most other unions hatre
filed such affidavits, although
a few holdouts remain. The NL
RB has turned the affidavits of
some 70 persons over to the Jus-
tice department and asked that
it investigate whether perjury
was involved.
Department officials said at that
time the fact that the non-Com-
munist oath is in the present
tense, any successful prosecutin
for perjury would require proof
that the official taking the oath
had misstated his status as of the
moment of signing the affidavit.
It- was pointed out that such
proof would be difficult, even
though there were indications that
the oath-taker had resigned from
the Communist party for the sole
purpose of taking the oath and
may have rejoined immediately
afterward.
* * *.
JACKSON AGREED that Con-
gress acted within its rights in
requiring union officials to swear
they are not members of the Com-
munist party or affiliated with it.
But Jackson said he regards
as unconstitutional another por-
tion which requires a union of-
ficial to take an oath" that he
does not believe in" any organi-
zation which advocates forcible
overthrow of this government.
Black, in a bitter dissent, sAid
the majority decision rejects a
fundamental constitutional prin-
ciple that "beliefs are inviolate"
and he added:
"Whether religious, political or
both, test oaths are implacable
foes of free thought. By approving.
their imposition, this court has
injected compi'omise into a field
where the first amendment forbids

compromise."
The court also ruled that a state
may legally ban .picketing which
is aimed at such things as: com-
pelling an employer to coerce his
workers into joining a union, in-
ducingused car dealers to observe
certain closing hours and forcing
an employer to hire Negro clerks
in the same proportion as Negro
customers bear to his total clien-
tele.
Four separate opinions were
handed down in the case. ThAv

to nationality, religion and a re-
quest for a photograph. We ask
that thse items be eliminated
because:
"1) The request for such infor-
mation has brought forth suspi-
sion that it is being used for dis-
crimination purposes (e.g. Pres.
Truman's Comm. on Higher Educ.)
* * *
"2) IF THE information is need-
ed for statistical purposes it could
be obtained after admission.
"3) We feel that there are
other and better criteria that
could be used in the selective
process.
"We urge that you give this
matter your prompt attention."
THE PETITION will remain on
the diagonal from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
today and tomorrow, and will then
be sent to Dr. Whitaker.
Members of the CED have
been assigned to an hourly sta-
tion at the table on which the
petition stands to answer ques-
tions that the crowd may ask,
Bisdee explained.
He estimated that from 50 to
100 people were contilzually gath-
ered around the petition through-
out the afternoon.
The crowd was split into sev-
eral discussion groups, and com-
ments ranged from "let's have
statistics" to "take it to President
Ruthven."

On Tug Week
Plans Today
Tug Week, the freshmen-soph-
omore school spirit endeavor for
1950, comes up for Student Affairs
Committee approval today with
the solid backing of the Student
Legislature.
With an ample majority of SL
members reaff!ming their sup-
port of the frosh-soph week long
competition begun in 1949, clear
approval of plans for this year's
Tug Week was given in a meeting
several weeks ago.
* * *
PENDING SAC approval these
are the major provisions for Tug
Week, l50.
It will lake place on the week-
end of Oct. 27 instead of lasting
an entire week as it did in 1949.
Friday night there will be a
frosh-soph rally, featuring school
songs, speeches by each class' fac-
ulty sponsor, and the annual "Soph
Satire," lampooning the freshmen.
Early Saturday a tug-o-war
across the Huron River between
the two classes will take place, the
winners of two of the three tugs
will get ice cream for their efforts,
the losers coffee..
That night an informal all-cam-
pus dance will be held in the Lea-
gue ballroom.

REFERENDUM TOMORROW:
Engineers To Consider
'Dead Week' Proposal

1
t
l
i
j

HONG KONG - Peiping radio
broadcast yesterday that the Chi-
nese Communists have released
two U.S. Navy airmen held as
"prisoners of war" since Oct. 19,
1948. The airmen are Navy Chief
Electrician William C. Smith, Long
Beach, Calif. and Marine Master
Sgt. Elmer C. Bender, Cincinnati.
BERLIN-The Russians notified
the Western Allies last night they
are willing to go along with "free
elections" for the entire city of
Berlin but laid down a set of
conditions highly favorable to the
Eastrn Communists.
LONDON - Tass said yester-
day Sweden and Communist
China have established diploma-
tic relations.
WASHINGTON - Rep. Young
(D) suggested yesterday that a
U.S. warship may have "engaged

MONKEY BUSINESS:
Psychologists Teach Chimp To Talk

Engineers will have a chance to-
morrow and Thursday to vote
"y s" or "no" in the Engineering
Coupcil's referendum on exemp-
tions from final exams and a
"dead week" before finals.
Any engineer can vote, and
polls will be open from 8 a.m. to 2

though a "dead week," no ac-
tivities or bluebooks during the
week before finals, can be
created by agreement with the
faculty, exemptions from finals
will require action by the Board
of Regents," he added.
OnP L C-mg nn haqn . huan +,PY_

By RICH THOMAS
A film and a -report on the
teaching of a chimpanzee to talk
were among the highlights of the
Midwestern Psychological Asso-
ciation's 22 annual meeting held
in Detroit last weekend, accord-
in to Prof .Edward L. Walker. of

people teaching and studying the
chimp, Prof. Walker reported.
"They undertook the pro-
ject," Prof- Walker continued,
"in an attempt to learn why a
human child, so similar in al-
most every respect to a baby

tongue in a vocal capacity as
well as how to imitate their
sounds," Prof. Walker explain-
ed.
Since Dr. Hayes thinks a chimp-
anzee is intelligent enough to
learn to talk, Prof. Walker said, he

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