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April 29, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1950-04-29

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_______________________________________________________________ U U

Total Diplomacy at Home

WASHINGTON - Secretary of State Dean
Acheson's concept of "total diplom-
acy," which he is constantly emphasizing, is
a very simple thing when analyzed and at
the same time the most effective way pos-
sible to carry to the world our battle for
What it means is that in these days every
American citizen is a diplomat in himself
and another term for it would be "total self-
* * *
of our own democracy, our freedoms and
liberties, our freedom of speech and freedom
of press which gives to the world every day
a picture of ourselves. We live, truly, in a;
great glass house, a perpetual showcase-or,
as the Secretary put it:
"Today the whole United States is act-
ing before the world as its own representa-
That imposes upon every citizen the res-
ponsibility of acting daily before the world
in a manner that expresses the best ideals of
}himself and the democracy of which he is
a part. For if we want to extend it elsewhere,
as we do, we want it to be something of
which we are proud and which other people
will see is the best way of life.
It does not mean, as the Secretary ex-
plained, that there should not be differences
of opinion and criticism. Those are neces-
sary in a democracy, so that we can arrive
at the best possible solution of our many and
complex problems. That is the essence of otir,
politics and our two-party system. It does
mean, however, that we must come to a
resolution upon our problems, both domestic
and foreign and, once adopted, carry them
out in a spirit of unity.
THE SECRETARY does not spell out in
detail the things that we show to the
world, but he gave some broad definitions
when he said:
"If there are acts or words of violence,
discrimination and irresponsibility, the
world sees and hears them. If there. are
acts or words of justice, understanding
and sober determination, the world sees
them and hears them."
There are still discriminations among us
that mar the picture we want to show the
world. They include such things as discrim-
ination on account of race, color and creed
and discriminations in the free right of the
ballot, violations of what we call our civil
rights-the privilege of our citizens to enjoy
all our rights and freedoms and not be
pushed around and suppressed.
* * *
SUCH VIOLATIONS here among us, which
we are making every effort to eliminate,
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

go out to the world as part of the picture o%
our nation and are seized upon and exploits
ed, and often very grossly exaggerated b
those in other nations who don't like us and
our democracy. This is especially true of they
Russians who, though with no civil rights :.
their own, use violation of ours in their pro-
paganda which is directed particularly at
this time, at the hundreds of millions in
Asia who have thrown off old bonds and are
searching for a new way of government and
life. We want them to go our way.
This was what Secretary Acheson was
talking about, among other things.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
City Editor's
pROF. Preston Slosson made himself a local
hero Thursday night. His line of argument
in the debate with a scholarly but misguided
little man .made the argument completely
one sided. Slosson won hands down, walk-
ing away. It was active proof that the people
who said Phillips should speak here were
right all along.
There were two big arguments against
having the debate on campus.' Thursday,
evening's events smashed both of them.
First, through some tortuous construction,
Phillips was supposed to advocate the over-
throw of the government. He did not do it.
In fact, as one observer said, "some of the
Communists there may have been converted
to Capitalism."
In open debate, the much advertised
dangers of allowing Communism to be ad-
vocated were shown to be greatly exagger-
ated. Phillips, who talked either in aca-
demic abstractions or about his home town
in the Black Hills, made a poor showing
for a man who was "dangerous."
Second, the argument was preseited that,
if Phillips did not speak, the University
would avoid bad publicity which might en-
danger University finances. They got tlfe'
publicity anyway.
At the meeting, there were representa-
tives from seven newspapers or wire ser-
vices and photographers from almost that
many. Thursday afternoon, the Detroit
papers and radio stations were telling the
world about Phillips and the off-campus
debate. This publicity had been going on
for three days.
From these facts, and from Prof. Slosson's
outstanding performance, it should be clear,
even to the Lecture Committee, that they
made a serious mistake.

Pen k
THURSDAY night's demonstration at the
Club 211 proved to me that some of the
people who have been criticizing the Univer-
sity Lecture Committee's decision in the
Philips Affair have been on the wrong track.
They've been saying that we can't learn to
run a democracy while the University uses
totalitarian tactics to control us.
We agree that a well-informed group of
citizens, aware of its rights and the danger
of Communism is our best defense against
But how do we fight the threat of Com-
munism and dictatorship? That's a lesson
which every one of us needs to learn.
It's a back-handed compliment to the
Lecture Committee, but they taught us a
lot on that score in the past weeks.
Deciding in the same fashion that Mos-
cow decides, what is "good for the people,"
they gave us an experimental example of
what totalitarianism attempts to do and left
it to student initiative to devise a way to de-
fend our rights to free speech and thought.
The Student body used the rights we
still have as Americans to object to the Lec-
ture Committee and hear whom they pleased.
The Thursday night debate was the result.
As Prof. Preston Slosson said at the time:
"They wouldn't let us meet on campus. But
we DID meet."
We learned a lesson from the ban on
this Communist speaker. We had to stop
and think. We had to muster the argu-
ments which we usually take for granted
and actually defend our right of free
speech against a paternalistic censor.
If the occasion arises again, whether on
campus or in the life as citizens that lies
ahead, a large percentage of us will have
learned what we never would have learned
if the debate had continued as scheduled by
the Michigan Forum.
We could theorize in a dozen political
science courses and still not know what to
do when an attempt was made to take our
freedom from us. Experience is still our
best teacher.
Again, thanks are due to the University
administration for giving future citizens the
opportunity to learn by practice what the
classroom can only teach in theory-what
freedom of speech really means.
-Don McNeil
Election Sidelights
WITH all-campus elections just completed
and the largest vote in history re-
corded, here are a few sidelights to the
record-smashing election.
* * *
MANY people have been wondering how
Bill McIntyre, a relatively unknown
freshman from Detroit, out-drew well-known
campus names as George Roumell, chair-
man of the Campus Action Committee, and
Jim Nesbitt, brother of the current SL
president. Here are a few of the reasons.
For one, McIntyre put on a terrific cam-
paign, attending nearly all the open
houses, arranging for several private ap-
pointments and even returning a second
time to some of the doubtful houses. His
campaign manager, Al Connable, aided
him a great deal in contacting East Quad-
ders and private rooming houses.
But of even greater influence in Mc-
Intyre's election, was his fine geopolitical
location. McIntyre, who lives in Greene

House, has been active in independent af-
fairs. At present he is vice-president of the
East Quad Council. At the same time, Mc-
Intyre is affiliated as a pledge to a frater-
What you call playing both ends against
the middle.
* * *
IN the overall election picture, in spite of
a thousand vote increase in total ballots
cast (which many predicted would mean
a larger independent vote), the affiliates
walked off with a top heavy majority of the
contested seats.
Their candidates copped 16 SL positions
to 10 for the independents. This represents
a statistical table-turning over last Novem-'
ber's results, since the independents cap-
tured 15 seats in SL at that time to 13 for
the Greeks.
INCIDENTALLY, Theta Xi fraternity pull-
ed a pretty neat trick in the engineering
college senior class elections. Their quartet
of candidates, one entered in the race for
each senior office, came through with flying
colors to win all four senior positions-presi-
dent, veep, secretary and treasurer.
Not exactly bloc voting, I guess ... .
THIS YEAR'S total of ballots invalidated
due to mistakes made by the 500 odd un-
trained election booth officials, while not
extraordinary in number, proved decisive
in at least one campaign.
The election. returns for the presidency
of the engineering college's sophomore
elasc madn eTnm Annh the winne. with 70




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The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

May Day in Germany

THE COLD WAR can turn into a shooting
war within the next week if the United
States and Russia carry through their
threats to fight steel with steel come May
Day in Berlin.
Authorities on Russian strategy say that
the Communists are not planning to sim-
ply wave their red flags around the May
pole, but are hoping to plant them
throughout Western Europe. And the So-
viets have already started their trouble
stirring in Vienna, Trieste and Berlin, the
areas that the experts say will be the
jumping off points for an all-out drive to
At The Orpheum . .
Anderson, Micheal Checkov, Lionel Stan-
der and some excellent dance sequences.
TAKEN FROM the classic ballet, Specter
of the Rose, Ben Hecht has written,
produced and directed a generally excellent
The story of a superb dancer suffering
from fits of madness and homocidal ten-
dencies provides the framework within
which Hecht presents a galaxy of finely-
drawn artistic characters. Each has his
individual eccentricities, but all are very
arty, bohemian and interesting to watch
in action.
Judith Anderson gives her usual excellent
performance as the retired and faded baller-
ina, Madame La Sylph. Her sympathetic
portrayal, gives this role a witty and warm-
ly human touch.
As the flighty, slightly dapper, slightly
doting producer with a soul for art, Check-
ov is delightful.
Lionel Stander, in the role of a cynical
poet, turns in an admirable performance in
a part which, played with less restraint,
mi:~h . s.-t n ilr h --v nn m - -

bring the whole continent behind the iron
In Berlin our government is preparing to
ward off with force more than 500,000 Ger-
man Communists who are scheduled to move
into the West's sector of the city on Whit-
suntide, May 27. Now, Western Germany,
and above all West Berlin, must be held at
all costs.
Therefore, if the Communists try to move
in, and if we try to stop them forcibly, World
War III could very easily start.
Actually there is, however, no good rea-
son why this proposed incident need ever
come off. Unless the Russians are now
ready to start firing, there is little reason
to believe that they intend to go through
with the march on Berlin.
Russia has known for a long time that
any such move would mean violent action
on the part of the Western powers. The
march boils down to another propaganda
stunt to win West Germany to the Russian
The American ultimatum seems therefore
to have been uncalled for. It has accomplish-
ed little more than to heat up the boiling
pot in Germany. A firm stand of non-re-
treat, of course, must be followed in dealing
with Russia. But a "you step on my toe and
I'll shoot your leg off' attitude goes a little
further than is necessary. It was not followed
in the Berlin blockade. Our action then must
have done nothing but win us the respect of
the Germans. Our action now only increases
the fear of war in Germany.
If the split-up occupation of Germany
must be continued in the future, the
United States will have to develop its
own policy of propaganda aimed at off-
setting Russian attempts to weaken our
position there and to eventually gain con-
trol of all Germany.
This policy might even attempt to win
East Germany to our fold. But we can not
hope to win the respect of the Germans by
keeping them in a state of turmoil and fear.
--Vernon Emerson

West Quad...
To the Editor:
THE West Quad Council has al-
ways taken a constructive ap-
proach in its attempt to serve
the interests of the West Quad
residents. It sponsors two dances
annually, review sessions, forums,
a radio station, remedial reading
classes, three banquets annually,
pre-election rallies each semester,
debating and bridge tournaments,
orientation programs each semes-
ter, and many other important
The success of these undertak-
ings depends to a very large de-
gree upon general morale in the
Quad. Therefore, it is necessary
that the Council take cognizance
of persistent complaints. It was.
realized that the complaints of the
most vociferous might be exagger-
ated and distorted and in an ef-
fort to objectively and dispassion-
ately appraise true resident opin-
ion, a questionnaire was carefully
constructed. The intent was not
to incite opinion but to represent
Objections have recently been
raised in this column by Mr. Erf
and Mr. Fleeger to the effect that
it is out of order to complain about
crowded conditions when the Uni-
versity is constructing the South
Quad. Does the new Quad neces-
sarily mean fewer people will be
living in the existing residence
halls? New categories of eligible
residents could be opened. That
might be a very good policy from
the point of view of increased fa-
cilities for some Michigan stu-
dents and from the point of view
of increased residence halls rev-
enue and reduced per capita cost.
There are many important con-
siderations. However, since stu-
dents are in the best position to
know the effect of living condi-
tions on the Michigan House Plan,
their opinion 'on such matters
should be a consideration of very
great importance as a determinant
of policy. The poll was an attempt
to assay that opinion.
The questionnaire covered many
things other than conditions at-
tributable to overcrowding. It
covered such things as illumina-
tion; faulty locks, telephone buz-
zers, window cranks, radiators, and
plaster; dirt from the incinera-
tors; the desirability of having
bedspreads; and many others. On
many of the complaints specific
room numbers were referred to
the maintenance department and
much has been accomplished.
I wish it were never necessary
for the West Quad Council to con-
sume time and energy with mat-
ters such as these and could de-
vote its full time to academic, so-
cial, and political activities, but
the latter are dependent for ul-
timate success on the former.
-Tom Masnick,
Vice-President, WQ Council
*N ** *
To the Editor:
M Y DISCUSSIONS with fellow
students disclose what I be-
lieve is unwarranted pessimism
regarding the progress of the UN
since its inception in 1945. '
I suspect this is due to the na-
ture of news coverage which has

emphasized political failures in
the General Assembly and the
Security Council while giving
relatively little attention to the
specialized non-political agencies
of the UN where genuine progress
has been made.
These agencies are proving the
value of international interde-
pendence and cooperation by car-
rying out successful attacks on
food, health, and education prob-
lems common to all member na-
Sixty years ago, a cholera epi-
demic broke out in Egypt. It
spread quickly to Europe and left
thousands dead in its wake. Last
year the epidemic began again in
Egypt but this time the World
Health Organzation organized a
joint medical mission composed of
personnel and supplies from many
countries including the U.S. and
the U.S.S.R. The epidemic was
stamped out at its source with
dramatic speed.
In the last two years the under-
nourished children of the world
have received 1.25 billion meals
made possible by the economic
cooperation behind the UN Inter-
national Children's Emergency
In the same period, UNESCO
distributed $200 million worth of
school supplies toward the rehab-
ilitation of Europe's war-torn
Thus, whle public attention is
focused on the UN's political fail-
ures, her non-political agencies
are fostering genuine internation-
al cooperation. They are success-
fully attacking world social prob-
lems which in the past have often
led to war. What is equally im-
portant is the fact that the UN
workers and diplomats engaged
in these activities are learning
and setting the patterns for the
entirely new approaches and tech-
niques involved in international
They are proving international-
ism to be workable and profitable
while laying a sound foundation
for future political cooperation.
This is 'the optimistic side of
the United Nations progress re-
-James N. Osterberg
Rent Control -. -
To the Editor:
IN THEPAST one of the main
obstacles the Student Legisla-
ture has encountered in its war
on landlords who charge more
than a fair rent for accommoda-
tions has been the reluctance of
the student to inform the powers
that be of these inequities. Much
of this reluctance can be explain-
ed by the student's fear of ejec-
tion when the unhappy landlord
learns who has reported him.
But the time has arrived when
you who are paying through the
proverbial "nose" for inferior liv-
ing quarters can gain relief. The
Campus Action Committee of the
SL has set up the necessary ma-
chinaryntoymake this reliefa re-
ality. Any person, married r
single, who feels that he is paying
too much rent for his room should
write to Cal Klyman: 409 Cooley
House, East Quad. The informa-
tion included should describe the
accommodations in every detail,
i.e.: number of people living in

Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to allI
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LX, No.' 142
The Sun Life Assurance Com-
Pany of Canada has the following
openings in their Detroit office.
(1) Office manager trainee, single,'
20-23 years of age, free to transfer
to another location when quali-
fied. (2) Group insurance service
and survey trainee, married or
single, 24-28 years of age, Busi-
ness Administration or L, S & A
graduate. (3) Men for group in-
surance sales. Must be future man-
agement caliber. For further in-
~formation call the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, Extension 371.
Representative of Cedar Lake
Camp, Chelsea, Michigan will be
at Bureau of Appointments, Mon-
day afternoon, May 1, to inter-
view women candidates for the fol-
lowing positions: general counse-
lors, waterfront, nature study. For
appointment, call at 3528 Admin-
istration Building or call exten-
sion 2614.
Academic Notices
Mathematics Orientation Sem-
inar: Mon., May 1, 3 p.m., 3001
A.H. "Impossibility of Construc-
ting a Regular Heptagon," Mr.
Doctoral Examination for John
Controulis, Chemistry; t h e s i s:
"The Diels-Alder Reaction of 1-
Vinyl - 6 - Methoxy - 3, 4-Dihylro-
naphthalene with Maleic Anhyd-
ride, Mesaconic Acid and Citra-
conic Anhydride. The Configura-
tion of the C/D Ring Juncture of
the Estrongenic Hormones", Sat-
urday, April 29, 2035 Chemistry
Bldg., at 10:00 a.m. Chairman, W.
E. Bachmann.
Doctoral Examinatin for Ver-
non Calvert Applegate, Zoology
thesis: "Natural History of the
Sea Lamprey, Petromyzon mar-
nus, in Michigan," Mon., May 1,
4101 Natural Science Bldg., 9 a.m.
Chairman, K. F. Lagler.
Doctoral Examination for Fran-
cis Roman Young, Education; the-
sis: "Subsidization of Students in
Teacher Training Institutions,"
Mon., May 1, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., 10:30 a.m. Chair-
man, G. M. Wingo.
Composers' Forum, under the di-
rection of Ross Lee Finney, 8:30
p.m., Mon., May 1, Architecture
Auditorium. Program works writ-
ten and played by students in the
Department of Music at Michigan
State College. Open to the public
without charge.
Student Recital: Elsie Bell, So-
prano, will present a program at
8:30 p.m., Sun., April 30, Archi-
tecture Auditorium, in partial ful-
fillmett of the requirements for
the deree of Bachelor of Music.
Compositions by Haydn, Mozart,
Schubert and DeBussy. Open to
the public. Mrs. Bell is a pupil of
Arthur Hackett.
Rackham Galleries - 27th An-
nual Ann Arbor Artists' Exhibi-
tion, through May 17, weekdays
10 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Events Today
Saturday Luncheon G r o u p:
IThere will be no meeting on St
S-rday because of the Inter-Guild
Retreat this week end.
one room, type xof furniture, loca-
tion of room in the house, and any
service that the landlord offers
such as making the beds, linen
provided, etc. It should also in-
clude the name of the landlord,
address of the house, and whether
meals are served.
This information will be turned
in to the area rent control office
who, in turn, will investigate the
complaint and if valid will remedy
the situation. This remedy might
illegal or whatever action neces-
sary. The writer of this letter
consist of a refund if the rents are
NAME TO IT. The landlord will
never know, unless he's a mental
telepathist, who gave us the in-
There has been much complain-
(Continued on Page 5)

Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club: Regional Convention Events
at University Lutheran Chapel and
Center: Business Session, 9 to 12;
dinner at 12; workshops at 1:30;
banquet at 6:30.
Grad Outing Club: Meet at 1
p.m. at Rackham Bldg. for over-
night. Bring blankets, cars, etc.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting 1
p.m., 500 BMT.
U. of M. Hostel Club: Square
dancing, Jones School, 8:15 to 11
p.m. Bring AYH pass. Everyone
Coming Events
Gallery Talk: "How to look at
Buddhist Sculpture," by Prof. John
Hadley Cox; Sun., April 30, 3:20
p.m., Museum of Art. ,Rm. D,
Alumni Memorial. Hall. The pub-
lic is invited.
Women's Research Club: 6:15
p.m., Mon., May 1, Union (Dinner
Meeting). Dr. Elzada Clover will
speak on "The Origin and Distri-
bution of the Family Cactaceae."'
Grad Outing Club: Meeting, 2:15
p.m., Sun., Rackham Bldg.
Naval Research Reserve: Mon-
May 1, 7:30 p.m., 18 Angell Hall.
Mr. and Mrs. Ted P. Bank: "An
Aleutian Adventure." Comdr. Cook,
Research Reserve Director from
ONR Washington will also be pre-
Nelson -House for International
Living: Open House, 3'-5 p.m.,
Sun., 915 Oakland.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
Elections for Student Council will
be held Monday, May 1, from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m. at the League for all
Hillel members. There will also be
a booth at the Foundation from
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Please bring your
membership card.
U. of M. Hot Record Society:
Live jam session, 8 p.m., Sun.,
League Ballroom. No admission
Sigma Alpha Iota: May. Festival
Luncheon for members and their
guests, Fri., May 5. Make reser-
vations by signing the list on
S.A.I. bulletin board before Wed-
nesday noon.
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia: Meeting
for all members. Election of offi-
cers. Sun., April 30, Rm. 3G, Union.
Science Research Club: May
meeting, Rackham Amphitheatre
at 7:30 p.m., Tues., May 2. Pro-
gram: "A Study of the Physical
Characteristics of the Puerto Ri-
can Population." Frederick P.
Thieme, Department of Anthropo-
logy; "The Problem of Malforma-
tions, Past and Present." Alexan-
der Barry, Anatomy Department.
Election of officers.
A~idpjan Iai1















Fifty-Ninth Year
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authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
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Barbara Smith.. AssociateLWomen's Ed.
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Dee Nelson Associate Business Manager
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