ABOUT three years ago Leonard Engel and
E. A. Piler in a book entitled "World
Aflame" predicted that a Russian-American
atomic war would be touched off in May,
1950. They said that an incident such as
that which occured over the Baltic last week
would provide the spark which would ignite
These pessimists were probably justified
in making their assertion by the manner
in which we were conducting our foreign
affairs then. We were helplessly flounder-
ing around in a world that the Russians
had just very definitely split in two. And
indecision and haphazardness typified our
But we have come to realize that dicta-
torships conceive of indecision only as a
sign of weakness which they must exploit.
And at present the State Department is put-
ting into effect a program with very definite
objectives. It is a realistic program designed
to prevent further Communist expansion
and to eliminate the situations that might
make the Kremlin think they -have some-
thing to gain from a war.
If the Baltic incident had happened in
the period when Engel and Piller made their
prediction the chances are that a war would
have resulted. But by setting up a policy
that is based on firmness, patience and dig-
nity we have grown past the stage where
popular excitement and passion can lead a
nation to war.
In the Baltic incident and our recent
activities in international relations, what
Acheson meant by saying that total di-
plomacy is the only path we can follow is
beginning to be exemplified.
Undoubtedly our major purpose is con-
tainment of the Russian sphere. We are
attempting to establish democratic institu-
tions and economically develop those nations
that are jeopardized so that the appeal of
Communism will find deaf ears.
In Greece and Korea we are promoting,
anew, efforts to help them achieve political
democracy and economic stability, which
the reactionary local governments have hin-
dered. We have threatened to reduce eco-
nomic aid that is necessary for their very
existence if these basic conditions are not
The Ban on Communists
IN the banning of the proposed debate be-
tween Herbert J. Phillips and Prof. J.
Phillip Wernette, two important points
The first, and the one which has been
quite well-voiced thus far, is the regret-
table revelation that the University places
such little faith in the maturity of its own
students. The second is one that has not
received much attention, or at least has
not come to the fore. That is the possi-
bility that there is perhaps an even strong-
er reason for the University's refusing to
approve the debate than the one proffered
by the Lecture Committee.
For it is evident that the particular reason
offered by the Committee for banning the
debate is not a very substantial one; at
least, the many students and faculty anter-
ed by the decision were in no way placated
by the reasoning of the committee. Further-
more, it does not appear that the Committee
adequately considered the positive values of
holding the debate.
Phillips was to appear in a debate, not
an address. And we must keep in mind the
fact that perhaps Phillips would point out
some ideas about Communism, that would
be worth our consideration. If he is able to
do this, then we should be exposed to them
at least (we will be,sooner or later), so that
we can decide for ourselves their true merit.
Then again, he might point out certain
deficiencies in the capitalistic system-
of which everyone must admit there are
some-which in turn might incite some
students to set about alleviating them. In
this respectPhillips might unwittingly
strengthen our form of government; for,
when we become too confident that our
way of life is superior to every other way,
we tend to relax in our efforts to main-
tain this state.
Regardless of how mighty an orator Phil-
lips is, or how capable he may be of swaying
his audience, it seems highly improbable
that, with as capable a man as Prof. Wer-
nette for an opponent, he would be able to
leave much damage in his wake.
If, however, the University actually feels
that this would happen, or that the Phillips
debate would be a negative influence in the
education of its students, then there is some-
thing fundamentally wrong with either the
standard of teaching here-which is sup-
posed to equip the student with the ability
to think for himself-or the students in at-
tendance. Considering the reputation that
the University of Michigan has in the aca-
demic world, neither of these suppositions
bears much weight.
Hence the Lecture Committee must have
had some other, more far-reaching reason
for banning Communist Phillips. It is well-
known that the University receives con-
siderable private donations, in addition to
the funds it receives from the State. And
the State Legislature, being rather conser-
vative in its views, might very well frown
upon the University making such a radical
step as to let a Communist appear on its
campus. Also, the wealthy donors of the
University, having done rather well under
this capitalistic system of ours, would quite
understandably not be any too eager to have
someone espousing the cause of Commu-
nism talk to Michigan students.
It is quite possible, therefore, that the
Committee was thinking more of what the
reaction of these two valuable sources of
revenue would be, than of presenting a
singular educational opportunity to its
students. If this is so, then insofar as the
committee was thinking of the welfare
of the University, which of course is de-
pendent on these appropriations, its de-
cision was perhaps for the best-as far as
securing an adequate budget is concerned.
Even if the Committee sincerely felt that
its decision was the proper one for all con-
cerned, which it evidently did, then it is
completely ignoring its responsibility to sti-
mulate and encourage intelligent discussion.
The person who lacks the facts will be the
one more prone to make a mistake in judg-
ment than one who has them.
This University is regarded as one of the
best in the world. In September President
Ruthven greeted the incoming freshmen
and told them that Michigan is better than
a great university-that it is the finest
university in the world.
Consequently, for a university with such
giant-like stature, the Communist ban-
whether it be because of the fear that the
effect of Phillips' appearance here will be
to influence students in the wrong way, or
for fear of what certain outside pressures
will say, or from sheer oversight-is in-
deed shameful. To profess to be a fine
university, and to take rightful pride in
this fact, and then on the other hand to
perpetrate such a recreant act, is nothing
If a university desires to be great, it must
prove that it is by its actions as well as its
words: it must be a leader in a matter of
this type, especially, and not a follower. If
Michigan, so rich with prestige, is to. fall
down in its responsibility to those who look
up to it, or bow to underlying pressures, then
why should some smaller school, less capa-
ble of withstanding opposition, bother to
crusade for what it knows is right?
Again, if the University still feels that its
decision is correct, it is definitely not up-
holding one that will win it the respect it is
accustomed to. Whatever be the reason for
its decision, let the University stand up and
show observors that they are completely jus-
tified in calling Michigan a truly "great"
"Follow That Baby Carriage!"
/ette.* TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all lettersrwhich are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters,and letters which for any reason are notin good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
The State Department is seeking to al-
leviate the dollar indebtedness of the rest
of the world to the U.S. by calling for
tariff reductions. and increased American
imports from Europe. And of course there
is the all-important Marshall Plan seeking
to raise the standard of living of western
Europe to a level compatible with the tech-
nological progress of the twentieth cen-
Many describe this program and the other
efforts of the State Department as im-
perialistic warmongering. These criticisms
seem only to be repetitions of Soviet propa-
ganda. If Acheson is a warmonger why
didn't he blow up the Baltic incident in-
stead of handling it in such a dignified man-
ner? We have not sent troops to guard our
interests in these nations. And we have
not been arbitrary and set up puppets to
run these governments for the best interests
of the U.S.
I believe that our current policies are
the only ones the U.S. can follow at present
with any success. The Soviets have ruled
out any negotiation by their constant ob-
structiveness and disregard for agree-
We can only deal with the Kremlin with
steadfastness, cool heads, and steady nerves.
And we must concentrate our energies into
strengthening the remainder of the free
world. Only when the world has become
relatively immune to Communist penetra-
tion will the Russian attitude change and
the conditions exist for successful nego-
At The Michign...
RIDING HIGH with Bing Crosby, Wil-
liam Demarest, Raymond Walburn, James,
Gleason, Percy Kilbride.
BING CROSBY is very much at home in
Riding High, a film about a transient
race horse trainer and the company he
keeps, which includes to mention a few: an
industry Goliath and his marriageable off-
spring, savory racetrack types such as the
aging and desperate system-maker from
Yale and The South, the happy and faith-
ful Negro trainer, and the gambling czars,
who, while not very savory, do so much to
help a plot along. But Bing (even though
his toupee is set on rakishly, we don't call
him Mr. Crosby) is at home in any situation
and, I suppose, there lies his charm. Robert
Riskin, scripting this film, has written for
Bing the same sort of easy patter he bubbles
forth with on his radio show-"School's out,
sermon's over;" and which Crosby reads
with such nonchalance that one wonders
whether or not he makes it up as he goes.
Bing is a man I take most easily in con-
temporary garb and jargon. He's not my
Connecticut Yankee. So when he becomes
involved with something so near his heart
as horse racing, and is assisted by one of the
largest and well-managed collection of bit
players, the final product is wholesome, ex-
citing, and humorous. A few spots reveal the
Washington Merry- Go -Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
To the Editor:
THE 1950 MICHIGRAS has set
many new records. We would
like to extend our thanks to all
who made it possible. If you were
among those who worked long in-
to the night constructing floats,
despite "Ann Arbor spring" weath-
er-you can certainly be proud of
the job you did. It has been said
that it is the best Michigras pa-
rade Ann Arbor has ever seen. And
you who put on the big show Fri-
day and Saturday nights at Yost
Field House can take credit for
increasing the profits far above
those of the previous Michigras.
Though attendance was increased
by only a few hundred people,
your attractive booths drew in a
much larger expenditure per per-
son. This can be directly attributed
to the originality and hard work
shown throughout Michigras.
We would also like to extend our
sincere thanks to the Merchants
Association of Ann Arbor and the
townspeople who backed and pa-
tronized our carnival. To those who
helped with the parade, furthered
our publicity and contributed pri-
zes, we are especially grateful.
The cooperative attitude of the
faculty helped us in innumerable
You, who are included in the
20,000 or so people who attended
our show Friday and Saturday
nights and the Kiddies' Matinee,
were the backbone of Michigras.
You have given your direct sup-
port to the Women's Athletic
Fund, the Fresh Air Camp, and
the Michigan-Memorial Phoenix
Project. But mostly we enjoyed the
fun Michigras brought to Ann
Arbor, which was shared by all.
It was swell working with you.
* * *
Hitch-Hikers .. .
To the Editor:
AN ARTICLE in a national mag-
azine, condensed from an ar-
ticle in another national maga-
zine, warns the motorist not to
pick up hitchhikers because "Too
Many Rob and Kill" and "The FBI
has prints of two out of every five
thumbs that beg you for a ride,"
as the drop lines below the title
That is certainly good advice
if two out of every five hitchhikers
are crooks (if they weren't the
FBI wouldn't have their thumb
prints). Motorists who pick up
hitchhikers - we can call them
hitchhikees, for convenience sake
-have nothing to gain from such
action. Hitchhikers cannot change
tires, give you directions and other
information, entertain you, or keep
you awake when you are dropping
off to sleep. But they may be
crooks even if they don't stick a
gun in your ribs. The article says
Of course, there is a slight ques-
tion of what a crook is doing when
he isn't crooking, since "the av-
erage hitchhiker - and this in-
cludes college boys -- is as able
to buy a bus or rail ticket as the
average motorist is to pay his own
bills." If Joe College can pay, what
kind of a piker of a crook have we
here? If crime does not pay or
does not want to pay for a Grey-
hound ticket, what is this country
coming to, anyway?
This fellow who wrote the arti-
cle has it in for college boys. He
writes about a motorist who gave
a college boy a lift the equivalent
of a 26-cent bus ride (tax includ-
ed?) and then had years of liti-
gation on hand, apparently. be-
cause he smashed up the car:
"From a motorist's financial view-
point the college boy might be
called the most dangerous hitch-
hiker - injure him and he can
sue, whereas the criminal would
not think of going to law." You
see, you got to watch all the
In the next installment, I want
to continue this discussion.
* * *
Debate Con . .
To_ the Editor:
PARDON ME while I regurgi-
tate but Monday's Daily was
really like an emetic.
Devoting so much space in a
single issue to cryover the fact
that a Communist wasn't allowed
to talk to us reminds me of a
spoiled brat who wasn't permitted
to go to the movies to see his
Don't feel too badly, though. I
think we've heard before what he
was going to say.
The Michigan Region office of
The National Conference of Chris-
tians and Jews announces an op-
ening for a June graduate who can
type with facility, write unusually
good English, and is interested in
social work. Apply by letter only
to Detroit Round Table of the Na-
tional Conference of Christians
and Jews, 907 Washington Blvd.,
Detroit 26, Michigan.
University Community . Center:
Tues., April 25, 8 p.m., Bridge;
Skit group; Nursery Study Group,
Wed., April 26, 8 p.m., Ceramics.
Thurs., April 27, 8 p.m., Ceram-
The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures,
auspices of the Law School and
the William W. Cook Endowment.
Fourth series, on the general sub-
ject "Administrative Discretion
and Its Control," by Dean E.
Blythe Stason, Law School. Second
lecture, "Judicial Review and Oth-
er Means of Control of Adminis-
trative Action." 4:15 p.m., Tues.,
April 25, Room 150, Hutchins Hall.
Third lecture, "Uncontrolled Areas
of Administrative Discretion."
Dean E.' Blythe Stason. 4:15 p.m.,
Wed., April 26, Room 150, Hutch-
University Lecture: "Murals in
the San Francisco Post-Office Ad-
dition" (illustrated). Anton Re-
fregier, of New York, mural paint-
er; auspices of the College of Ar-
chitecture and Design. 4:15 pm.,
Wed., April 26, Rackham Amphi-
Anthropology 152, The Mind of
Primitive Man, will meet In Room
B, Haven Hall, Wednesday and
Friday .of this week.
Physical - Inorganic Chemistry
Seminar: Wed., April 26, 4:07 p.m.,
2308 Chemistry Bldg. Mr. R. Euler
will discuss the evidence for a
trimeric acetic acid species. Mr.
John Yoke will consider "The
Photographic Latent Image."
Geometry Seminar: 3 p.m., Tues.,
April 25, 3001 Angell Hall. "The
Edge of Regression of a Surface
of Constant Negative Curvature."
Prof. Howard Alexander, Adrian
College. All interested are invited.
Doctoral Examination for Her-
man Kleerekoper, Zoology; thesis:
"The Biology of the Atherinid Fish
Odontesthes bonariensis (Valen-
ciennes) in Northeeastern Rio
Grande do Sul, Brazil," Wed.,
April 26, 4101 Natural Science
Bldg., 1:30 p.m. Chairman, K. F.
Student Recital: Paul Jackson,
pianist, will be heard in a pro-
gram at 4:15 p.m., Tues., April
25, Rackham Assembly Hall, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Master of Music
degree. A pupil of Benning Dexter,
Mr. Jackson wil play composi-
tions by Bach, Haydn, Griffes and
Beethoven. The public is invited.
Student Recital: Julia Hamrick,
student of French Horn with Ted
Evans, will present a program at
8:30 p.m., Tues., April 25, Archi-
tecture Auditorium. She will be
assisted by Anita Bassett at the
piano, Wanda Pitman and Joan
Patrick, playing trumpets, and
Charleen Symmonds, trombone.
Given in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Bachelor of
Music' degree, the recital will be
open to the public.
Student Recital: Dolores DiLor-
enzo, pianist, will present a recital
at 8:30 p.m., Wed., April 26, Rack-
ham Assembly Hall, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for
the Master of Music degree. Pro-
gram: Compositions by Bach,
Schubert, Debussy, and Claude Al-
mand. Open to -the public. Miss
DiLorenzo is a pupil of Joseph
Photography by students of the
College of Architecture & Design.
1st floor corridor, Architecture
Bldg.; through May 8.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
Jal Ha,11: Chinese Buddlst
Bronzes, through May 7; Painting
Toward Architecture, through May
14. Weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5.
The public is invited.
University Choral Union Mem-
bers are reminded that the re-
hearsal will be held on the stage
of Hill Auditorium promptly at 7
p.m. Enter through the rear doors.
Craft Shop: 7:30 p.m., Lane
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Upper Room, Lane Hall.
Square Dance Group: 7 p.m.,
N.S.A. Committee of S.L.: Meet-
ing, 4 p.m., Rm. 3B, Union. Dele-
gates Reports from Aquinas meet-
Quarterdeck Society: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 3R, Union. Speak-
er: Professor Bragg.
Sigma Rho Tau, Engineer's
Stump Speakers Society: Meeting,
7 p.m., 2084 E. Engineering. Pro-
gram: Circles will carry on train-
ing and further discussion of M.-
V.A. Prof. Shirley Allen, School of
Forestry, will speak on "M.V.A..
Today." Everyone welcome.
Faculty-Student Mixer, spon-
sored by the Michigan Education
Club. Faculty members and stu-
dents of the Schoolrof Education
are invited. Rm. 3A, Union.
Chess Club: 7:30 p.m. Union.
Alpha Phi Omega: Pledge class
meeting, Rm. 3L, Union, 6:15 p.m.
Pledge exam will be given.
Social Research Group. Discus-
sion: "The Research Needs of
Unions" by Mr. Samuel Jacobs,
specialist in Workers Education
for the UAW-CIO and Mr. Lewis
Carliner, editor of the UAW pub-
lication AMMUNITION. 7:30 p.m.,
Rm. 3-S, Union.
Women of the University Fac-
ulty: Dinner, 6:15 p.n., Hussey
Room, League. Election of officers
and program, 7:30 p.m.
Canterbury Club: 7:15 p.m.,
Wed., April 26, Holy Communion
followed by student breakfast.
Ninth Annual Luncheon Confer-
ence on Supply, Demand and
Placement of Teachers in Michi-
gan. In addition to report of re-
sults of current study, Dr. Earl
J. McGrath, U.S. Commissioner
of Education, will speak on "Gen-
eral Education in.High School and
College." 12:15 p.m., Fri., April 28,
League Ballroom. Reservations for
luncheon should be made at the
Bureau of Appointments by Thurs.,
Central Michigan Alumni Din-
ner Meeting: May 1, 6 p.m., First
Methodist Church. Those plan-
ning to attend call Mr. Raymond
C. Scott, 2-3608 or Mr. Emery Too-
good, 6897 by April 28.
Airee-Ire: Annual Banquet, 6:30
p.m., Wed., April 26, Allenel Hotel.
Mr. H. A. Wagner will speak on
the "Economics of Power Plant
Planning." Tickets available at E.
(Continued on Page 5)
to a civilian orientation conference last
week, Secretary of Defense Johnson dra-
matically declared: "We know - and I say
we know - that Russia does not plan to
conquer the United States by force or war.
She intends to do it by driving us into eco-
nomic collapse which will give the Commun-
ists an opportunity by infiltration to take
Johnson went on to explain that Russia
doesn't have the resources to attack the
United States, but will try to bluff us into
bankruptcy instead. He also added: "There
is complete agreement in the Defense De-
partment as to what the danger is and
what we need to meet that danger."
The Secretary of Defense was insistent
that the real danger from Russia is not arm-
ed aggression but economic collapse.
"I'm not going to retreat at all on budget
economies," Johnson insisted. "In fact, I
am going to have more of them."
WHO SAID THAT?
MAN'S MEMORY is short. It was only a
few short years ago that many dis-
tinguished and conservative Americans were
praising Russia as a wartime partner, and
urging cooperation after the war.
Printed below is what some of these
m Americans said. If you read their quota-
tions, while holding your hand over the
names at the bottom of the column, it's
doubtful if you could guess the authors.
However, printed below are the names of
the men or newspapers, by number, who
made these statements. See how many
you can guess correctly.
1-"The world situation at the present
time indicates that the hopes of civilization
rest on the worthy shoulders of the coura-
geous Russian Army ... the scale and gran-
deur of this effort marks it as the greatest
military achievement of all history!"
2-"The continued cooperation between
the United States and Russia is so essen-
tial to future world peace that no re-
maining differences can be permitted to
interfere with it."
3-"We can do business with Stalin! And
that business will help our political relations
with the Russians, besides . . . . A tenth of
the human beings of the world are on the
boration in the fullest sense of the word
. ...I am confident Marshal Stalin will
agree that ,when victory is finally won,
it will be our duty to transform this fight-
ing alliance into a concordat dedicated to
peacetime construction and to the better-
ment of the commonweal."
..8-And speaking of quotes, here is one by
a famous senator, that Harry Truman does-
n't want him to forget. "I think it is pecu-
liarly desirable that there be just as little
dissension as possible on foreign policy be-
tween the executive and the Congress, be-
tween the executive and the Senate, be-
tween the Republican Party and the Demo-
1-Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Feb. 23, 1942;
2-New York Times editorial, Nov. 16,1943;
3-Raymond Moley in Newsweek, Oct. 18,
1943; 4-Rev. Geo. H. Dunne in the Catholic
Quarterly, July 8, 1945; 5-Chicago Tribune,
June 11,1942; 6-Donald Nelson, chairman
of the War Production Board, Jan. 18, 1944;
7-Adm. William Standley, ex-Ambassador
to Russia, Nov. 15, 1944; 8-Sen. Robert A.
Taft in Senate debate on Moscow Pact, Nov.
Price supports on hogs, barley, and soy-
beans will be restored as soon as Congress
authorizes more money. The bill still 16s-
n't passed the Senate.
Live-wire Mike di Salle, popular mayor
of Toledo, is picking up strength in his pri-
mary battle against Joe Ferguson. Both; are
Democrats and both want to defeat Taft.
The four big veterans organizationsL
American Legion, VFW, AMVETS and the
Disabled American Veterans-have been
maneuvering to get control of General Ani-
line, the giant German film and dyestuff
corporation seized by the government during
the war. However, President Truman has
vetoed the idea, belives that to give the
German firm to any one group would be
4gainst the law. i
Southwest dust storms will not cause
another "dust bowl" as in the 1930's. Soil
conservation has covered most of the area
The British, when asked why they send
arms to the Arab states, point out that the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
ifications: (1) electrical engineers
with potential sales ability to act
as a sales representative (2) elec-
tricfl engineer with an interets in
research and development (39)
mechanical engineers with an in-
terest in construction.
For further information con-
cerning the above mentioned in-
terviews call the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
Civil Service examinations and
The New York State Civil Ser-
vice Commission announces exam-
inations for Social Work and
Nursing, Personnel Test Develop-
ing, Engineering, Bio-Statistics,
and Clerical Work.
The Municipal Civil Service.
Commission of the City of New
York announces examinations for
Mechanical Engineer and Assist-
ant Mechanical Engineer.
The Wisconsin Civil Service
Commission announces opportun-
ities for an Insurance Examiner.
Closing date: May 5.
The United States Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tions for Chemist, Metallurgist,
Physicist, Mathematician, Clinical
Psychologist, Director of Research,
Assistant Director of Research,
Engineer, Illustrators, and Archi-
For further information on the
above call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
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Pres Holmes.........Sports' Co-Editor
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Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Here's the deck, Mr. O'Malley.
Mr. Shultz picked a card . , .
Q 1160 Cract<tt Jetineou, Ret U. j. Pt4 ofq
ITherel Thn of Clubs. Tell Mr. Shultz
his card is the'ten of Clubs-
_ _. . i
You didn't put it back
in the deck. Barnabv?