THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 1950
I _________________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
THE conflict between Senator Joseph Mc-
Carthy and Professor Owen Lattimore
will finally take on real meaning when
former Communist Louis Budenz testifies
at an open hearing today whether Latti-
more was, or was not, a member of the Com-
McCarthy's whole case against Lattimore
rests on the evidence Budenz gives. If he
claims that Lattimore was not a Commu-
nist all of the Senator's previous accusations
will fall through. It would then appear that
his whole headline campaign has been per-
petrated strictly to smear Truman and the
State Department and its policies, and not
to help our government in exposing Com-
munists within it. It would also appear that
Senator McCarthy had been worrying about
his own chances for reelection and the fu-
ture of the Republican party.
If, on the other hand, Budenz labels Lat-
timore a Communist then a complete and
sane investigation should begin, one that
would include all facets of the government. It
should be conducted by an impartial group
of responsible men representing both major
parties and, also, non-politicos.
Then, and only then, would the American
public truthfully know to what extent Com-
munists have infiltrated our government.
Thus far,' Senator McCarthy's wild antics
have proven nothing.
ONCE again, in the incident of the Ameri-
can Navy plane shot down over Latvia,
the Russians have evidenced anything but
a willingness and a desire to settle contro-
versies in a manner befitting a nation which
is seeking peace.
For the clamor that the Russians have
stirred up, in claiming that they were
forced to engage an American plane in a
gunbattle, is certainly a roundabout way
to evince their professed desires.
Indeed, in this affair they have done their
best to depict the United States as the
blackest of villains.,
Just what has happened to the missing
plane we do not know for certain. The Rus-
sians, however, not only say that they know
what happened to it, but what its mission
was, also. In an indignant editorial entitled
"A Dark Affair of American Adventurers,"
the official Communist paper, Pravda, de-
clared that an American plane had crossed
into Russian territory without having gained
permission; that it had deliberately and in-
tentionally sought to engage Russian planes
that encountered it in a battle; and that
its true mission was to spy on Russian-held
land. This biting editorial goes on to laud
the Russian planes that eventually shot
down this "trespasser," and expressed the
hope that this would serve as an example
for the future. '
WITH DREW PE.ARSON
WASHINGTON-Louis Budenz, .star wit-
ness in the Senator McCarthy charges,
was educated at St. Xavier's College and
St. KVary's College. Budenz forsook his re-
ligion to become one of the most effective
Communists in the United States, though
at first he worked with the right-wing
American Federation of Labor.
His first job was as editor of "The Car-
penter," official newspaper of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.
Later he became an executive of the
German-American Verein in St. Louis,
leaving it when World War I broke in
Europe. During the period of the first
war he worked for the St. Louis Civic
League and the federal Electric Railways
Commission. He had no war service.
Shortly after the war, Budenz went back
to labor activities as editor of Labor Age
for a 10-year-period - 1921-31; though
during part of this time he was also special
strike organizer for the A. F. of L., and
handled such important strikes as the
Paterson silk strike of 1930, the Toledo
Auto-Lite strike of 1934.
IT WAS shortly after the Toledo Auto-Lite
strike that Budenz went over to the
Communist Daily Worker first as its labor
editor, later as its president and managing
editor. There he remained for approximately
10 years, until 1945, Monsignor Sheen per-
suaded him to return to his original Catho-
Since then he has been teaching econo-
mies at two Catholic universities, Notre
Dame and Fordham, and has also been a
star witness in the trial of the 12 lead-
ers of the Communist Party.
Budenz has also published numerous
magazine articles and a book which have
been extremely helpful in letting the out-
side world know the inner workings and
machinations of the Communist Party. A
new book, "Men Without Faces," to be
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE THOMAS
PRESIDENT Truman can scarcely deny
the truth of the very serious charge level-
ed at him by Senator Taft. The President,
says Mr. Taft, "assumes the innocence" of
all persons in the State Department accused
by Senator McCarthy of being Communists
and agents of the Soviet Union. Thus the
President appears to be guilty of a rather
old-fashioned attitude in these matters.
Surely he must be aware that the presump-
tion of innocence that used to surround an
American accused of crime went out of vogue
at the beginning of the age of disloyalty.
Of course, the Prfesident's presumption of
innocence respecting the accused State De-
partment employes is not so completely an
adherence to an outworn American tradi-
tion as Senator Taft makes it seem to be.
The presumption in these cases is backed
up by careful investigation by the FBI; it
has the support of a painstaking study of
the employes' records by the State Depart-
ment's Loyalty and Securitly Board and by
the Civil Service Commission's Loyalty Re-
view Board. But apparently these afford no
excuse in Senator Taft's view for doubting
the word of an anonymous informer or ques-
tioning the omniscience of a former Commu-
Senator Taft made another charge con-
cerning the President that seems to have
published by Harpers in May, is already in
Today, Budenz is testifying that Frederick
Field, a millionaire Communist, and Earl
Browder, former head of the Communist
Party, told him about Lattimore and re-
ferred to him in such a way as to indicate
he was being used by the Communist Party
or was even a member.
However, it is significant that in all his
previous writings, including the new book
already set up in type by Harpers, Budenz
never mentioned Lattimore's name.
In the forthcoming book for Harpers,
Budenz tells about the Institute of Pacific
Relations, of which Lattimore was a mem-
ber, and names Philip Jessup, now of the
State Department, as a member of the
Institute. He also names a great many
others, but not Lattimore.
Furthermore, in all his magazine writings
and in the large volume of original infor-
mation he gave the FBI, Budenz also failed
to mention Lattimore's name. Budenz spent
days on end with the FBI earlier, telling
them every detail about the operation of the
Communist Party; but up until last week,
after he was appealed to by Senator Mc-
Carthy, he had not told the FBI anything
BUDENZ is extremely frank, and in one
Collier's article he states: "It was then
that I was assigned to work with a Russian
police agent in forging the murder ring
which ultimately assassinated Trotsky."
Budenz' description of how the Commu-
nists used well-meaning and well-known
Americans as fronts is especially revealing.
For instance, when the Soviet government
staged its famed purge trials, the American
reaction was bad. So American Communist
agents set out to get a list of leading Ameri-
cans who would approve the Moscow purge
THEY selected as their top name, Corliss
Lamont, son of the J. P. Morgan partner,
whose Wall Street background would give
solidarity and respectability to their list.
From that point on they enlisted 150
names of "Amercan artists, writers, com-
posers, editors, college professors and
"Few, if any of those who signed the
whitewash of the trials," wrote Budenz,
could possibly know that the idea was
hatched by top Communist officials in
conference with NKVD agents."
Budenz went on to tell how he had set up
another front organization, with Mrs.
Roosevelt as honorary chairman and Harry
Truman as a member, to serve as a screen
for Marshall Tito, then under Moscow's
"As editor of the Daily Worker," he
wrote in Collier's, "I reported the launch-
ing, in 1944, of the American Committee
for Yugoslav Relief. Under the guise of
charity, this was simply an innocents'
front to help Marshal Tito fasten his
fangs on his country.
"But Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt became hon-
orary chairman. Among the sponsors were
the then Senator (now President) HarryeS.
Truman, Dr. Albert Einstein, Rita Hay-
worth, William Green and Philip Murray.
These names speak volumes for the skill
with which party-line boys handled the
project. These and other sponsors dropped
out when the Communist influence became
increasingly evident in the following years.
Over $3,000,000 was collected from soft-
1 ,.A Ame ,s 1"
It is important to compare the reactions
of the Russian and American govern-
ments to this matter when it first began to
evolve. While Pravda was quick to con-
demn the United States, Washington con-
ducted a careful investigation of the in-
cident, and then in a State Department
note to Moscow declared that the missing
Navy patrol plane could not possibly have
fired on the Russians because it was not
armed; that the American plane did not
fly over Soviet territory; and therefore it
must be concluded "that Soviet aircraft
fired upon an unarmed American plane
over the open sea."
Hence it would appear that not only were
the Soviets unjustified in their claims, but
that they themselves could very well be the
ones deserving of blame. Since the plane
nor its 10-man crew has been found, what
this amounts to is our word against theirs.
Regardless of which nation is correct on
the details of the incident, however, the re-
grettable part of it is the manner in which
the Soviets disclosed their side of the story.
Instead of, by a calm and rational state-
ment of the facts in the matter, attempting
to bring about some semblance of harmony
between the two countries, they merely in-
creased the already gaping breach in our re-
Had the Russians brought up this mat-
ter of an American plane crossing its
borders-if it did-and asked the United
States to make an explanation, then un-
doubtedly the root of the matter would
have been reached with far less friction
and hostility, and both nations would be
in a more cordial state at the matter's
However, these "little incidents," as well
as the larger issues, when handled in the
aforementioned manner, provide the ob-
stacles which make it so exasperatingly dif-
ficult to come to any sort of understanding
with the Russians. As long as this attitude
on their part persists, it is difficult to per-
ceive the sincerity of their professed de-
sires for peace.
IF the federal government cannot end the
Communist menace in America then it
is up to the states to do it. This seems to be
the theory behind the Wolverine All-Ameri-
can Conference on Subversive Activities de-
mand that the Communist Party be banned
The American Legion sponsored group
seems to deem it better that State govern-
ments should crush the Communists out
of existence now rather than wait for the
national government to decide if it can
take that step constitutionally.
Some Michigan officials are accepting the
plan with favor. Fred M. Alger, Jr., Secre-
tary of State, backed the proposal, poo-
pooing the idea that if the movement is
driven underground it will be a greater
threat than it already is. He denounced the
Communist movement as a conspiracy
against the government.
The whole thing is a part of a grow-
ing all-out campaign on the part of small
units of influence and power-such as
local and State governments, pressu~re
groups and educational institutions-to
finish off the Communists. And it is all
In the first place any law which outlaws
the Communist Party will end up waiting for
consideration by the Federal courts. There
would be no practical gain by such action;
it would only give the Party a temporary
burst of publicity.
The fact that outlawing the Communists
would force them to operate underground
can not be passed over as lightly as Alger
would like to do. It is true that if the Party
were forced Outside of the law pink tinged
groups would perhaps stray from it. And it
is also true that most Communists are vir-
tually underground now because of adverse
public opinion. But after a minor mix up
it is probable that in the long run they
would be tied together for more effective
and more dangerous action. No law will
stop Party methods unless it can be strict-
The whole fallacy in the present drive lies
in the fact that the protaganists refuse to
recognize the Communist Party as a minority
political faction in the American scene. They
are set upon denying it the very right to
exist. They visualize it as an armed terror
that is ready to march on Washington and
destroy us the day after tomorrow.
These people do not see that the Com-
munism we are fighting is essentially an
external rather than an internal danger.
Our real problem is our relationship with
th Cnvit Vnnn Ma n-ltina --twil
/etteJ/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letterswhich for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from pubication at the discretion of the
"He Claims To Be An Officer"
To the Editor:
EVERY person has his ideals
which he dreams about. He
imagines what a fine world this
would be if only some moss en-
crusted legislatures would enact
his ideals, but this is out of reality.
Day dreamed ideals are not made
law because they are out of reality.
This is the impression that I
received upon reading about the
Young Progressive's trek to Lan-
sing in order to lobby for, among
other things, a law making avail-
able to the state's unemployed $35
for 52 weeks. If the Young Pro-
gressives' ideal is realized by leg-
islative enactment, just who will
pay for this lavish unemployment
compensation? Somebody must
pay, and of course it is' the tax-
payer. Who is the taxpayer?
It is you or will be you, the
productive element of society.
Somebody has to labor in order to
earn profits that can be taxed.
Those laboring persons will be you.
The present great burden of taxa-
tion will have to be augmented in
order to support unemployment
compensation. If Gov. William's
Administration cannot balance the
budget without an unemployment
compensation law, how can it ex-
pect to do so with such a law?
Maybe, by increased taxation? An
added tak burden will take away
from the present employer the
power and the means to hire new
workers and the means to increase
Now we come to another impor-
tant question. Does the unemploy-
ed person want this $35 a week
,charity in the guise of "It's your
right as a citizen?" No, I rather
think, that the unemployed person
would rather have the opportunity
of creating his own employment
or of giving to a potential employ-
er the opportunity of creating a
job for him. The means of pro-
duction are in private hands, and
these means of production, our
factories, mines, and our farms
are what produce taxes. They em-
ploy the people that are taxed and
are taxed themselves. If great
chunks of profits are taxed away,
a man will be less likely to risk
his money to create new jobs,
well knowing that his profits will
not sufficiently reward him.
Therefore the caring for the un-
employed is not solved by unem-
ployment compensation of $35 a
Here is the crux of my argu-
ment: the common good is not ob-
tained by taxing the productive
and distributing the funds to the
unproductive (unemployed). The
common good is obtained-and
this is not in the ideal-by lessen-
ing the tax burden and giving, as
a right to the individual, the op-
portunity for self employment,
without excessive tax burdens and
giving to the corporation the op-
portunity to expand its production
facilities, thus creating more em-
ployment and more goods.
* * *
Ad Nausem .
To the Editor:
pHE "TOTAL diplomacy" policy
of repressing all opposition to
the cold war struck the Univer-
sity on April 7. The representa-
tives of 20,00 students, the Student
Legislators, were brutally told that
student government must conform,
not to the wishes of the students,
but to the fear-crazed war mong-
The Student Legislature asked
Prof. Phillips, a Communist, to
debate the question of "Capitalism
vs. Communism" with a Univ:-,
sity professor. On April 7, Prof.
Brandt, speaking for the Lecture
Committee, let it be known that
the debate would not be held. The
Capitalists, with their press, radio,
predominantly conservative facul-
ty and hand picked texts - with a
mountain of advantages - were
unwilling to expose themselves to
criticism in a debate!
With the usual slander that the
Communists advocate forceful and
violent overthrow of our govern-
ment, the Lecture Committee at-
tempted to purify its collective
conscience. Let's see if not the op-
posite is in fact true! Who can
we hold responsible for 5,000 lyn-
chings in the South - the Com-
munists or the white-supremacist
capitalists? Who was responsible
for the attack upon Gerhardt Eis-
ler in Ann Arbor a few years ago?
In fact, it is the University ad-
ministration that "forcibly" re-
fuses to allow free speech, that
"forcibly" retains the infamous
quota system,tsegregated housing,
ad nauseam! This is nothing less
than the acceptance of the Hitler-
ian doctrine of choking off free
speech and the democratic strug-
gles of the Negro people under
the guise of anti-Communism.
We must demand, not ask, but
demand, that Prof. Phillips be al-
lowed to speak here and that the
University officials concern them-
selves with the removal of Jim-
Crow practices rather than the
further abridgement of democracy!
. ,z ..w -r-
ai9rn Twc wnSN: r61ov prr
Rorschah Variables: II. The In-1
fluence of a Complex Set." Thurs.,:
April 20, 3121 Natural ScienceI
Bldg., 9 a.m. Chairman, M. L.
Doctoral Examination for Ber-1
nard Manning, Chemistry; thesis:7
"The Absorption Spectra of Some
P - Acylamino - benzenediazonium
Salts and Double Salts." Thurs.,
April 20, 3543 Chemistry Bldg., 3
pm. Chairman, L. C. Anderson.
Medical College Admission Test:,
The Association of American Med-
ical Colleges and the University of
Michigan Medical School in par-
ticular, strongly urge that all stu-
dents who consider entering a
medical school in the fall of 1951
take the Medical College Admis-
sion Test to be given May 13, 1950.
Since applications for this test are
due in Princeton, New Jersey not
later than April 29, 1950, they
should be sent in immediately. Ap-
plication blanks and additional in-
formation can be obtained at the
Bureau of Psychological Services,
110 Rackham Building.
Student Recital: Charlotte Lew-
is, cellist, will present a program
at 4:15 pm., Thurs., April 20, Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theater, in par-
tial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor
of Music. A pupil of Oliver Edel,
Miss Lewis will play Concerto in
D by Haydn, Suite No. 2 (for cello
alone) by Bach, and Sonata No. 2
by Martinu. The public is invited.
S t u d e n t Recital: Genevieve
Shanklin, violin student with Gil-
bert Ross, will be heard at 8:30 p.-
m., Thurs., April 20, Rackham As-
sembly Hall. Compositions by Ver-
acini, Samuel Barber, and Franck.
Played in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of
Music degree, it will be open to
Carillon Recital: The first pro-
gram in the Spring Series of re-
citals by Percival Price, Univer-
sity Carillonneur, will be played at
7:15 Thursday evening, April 20.
It will include two harpsichord
pieces, Sonata for 47 bells com-
posed by Professor Price, and four
Student Recital: Patricia Ellen
Letz, pianist, will play her reci-
tal in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Bachelor of
Music degree at 4:15 p.m., Fri.,
April 21, Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
ter. A pupil of John Kollen, Miss
Letz has planned a program to
include compositions by Bach,
Beethoven, Debussy and Shubert.
It will be open to the public.
Student Recital: Millard Bush,
pupil of Ava Comm Case, will pre-
sent a piano recital in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for
the Bachelor of Music degree at
8:30 p.m., Fri., April 21, Architec-
ture Auditorium. Compositions by
C.P.E. Bach, Haydn, Beethoven,
Brahms, and Skryabin. Open to
Museum of Art: Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Chinese Buddhist Bronzes
through May 7; weekdays 9-5,
Sundays 2-5. The public is invited.
How to Meet Human Frontiers
at the Guild House, 438.Maynard,
7:15 to 8:15 p.m. Congregational-
Disciple-Evangelical & Reformed
Job Outlooks: "Management
Opportunities." Mrs. Edith Wheel-
er, Manager of the Michigan Lea-
gue. Thurs., April 20, League. Her
talk is part of the League Council's
Job Outlooks Workshop. Open
Camp Davis Geology Meeting:
7:30 p.m., 2054 Natural Science
Building. All geology students who
plan to attend Camp Davis this
summer should be present. Infor-
mation circulars and application
p.m., 1121 Natural Science. Dr
Miller, Bureau of Psychological
Services, will speak on "Person-
ality Development in Childhood.'*
Beacon Association: Social an
lecture, Speaker: Professor Bishop.
8 p.m., Rm. 3D, Union.
Varsity Debate: Michigan var.
sity debaters who have, "or will
have, participated in one (1)
or more intercollegiate debates
during 1949-50, are requested to be'
at the RENTSCHLER STUDIOS,
319 E. Huron, 4 p.m.
UNESCO: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Harriet Gleuck House. Urgent that
all members attend for prepara-
tions for World Cooperation Week
La P'tite Causette: 3:30 p.m.4
Grill Room, League.
Michigan Crib: Meeting, 8 p.m.
Kalamazoo Room, League. Guest
speaker, Prof. Russell A. Smith,
Secretary, U. of M. Law School.
Topic: "Admission to the Lw
School at the U. of M." Everyone
Internationl Center Weekly Tea:
4:30 p.m.-6 p.m.
U. of M. Hostel Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., at Lane Hall to plan
spring trips. European hostel trip
slides will be shown. Everyone
Michigan Arts Chorale: Regular
rehearsal will be postponed to
7 p.m., Rm. B, Haven Hall.
U. of M. Sailing Club: Meeting'
to prepare for Michigan Invita-
tional Regatta. Shore school.
7:30 p.m., 311 W. Engineering.
U. of M. Young Republican
Club: General membership meet-
ing, -League, 7:30 p.m. Club poli-
cy for the coming year will be for-
Le Cercle Francais: Soiree 8 p.m.
League. All members urged to at-
tend. Guests of honor: actors of
"Les Jours Heureux" and all those
who helped in its performance. A
special program will be presented.
Acolytes Meeting: Prof. Theo-
dore Newcomb: "Social Reality."
Fri., April 21, 7:30 p.m., West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Open to public.
Physical Education - Women
Students: There are some vacan-
cies in the following Fly and Bait
Casting classes offered this sea-
son: Monday and Wednesday,
2:10 and 3:10; Tuesday and
Thursday, 3:10. Women students
interested may register in Office
15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy: Fri. April 21, 7':45
p.m., Angell Hall. A short illus-
trated talk will be given by Mr.
Kenneth Yoss in 3017 Angell Hall.
Following the talk the student ob-
servatory, fifth floor, Angell Hall,
will be open for observation of the
(Continued on Page 5
A c t. t a
Edited and mahaged by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
blanks will be handed out
plan'. for geology summer
courses will be discussed.
Poonia Club: Meeting,
p.m., International Center.
dents of Polish descent
(Continued from Page 2)
erican Journal of Public Health.
4 p.m., Mon., April 24, School of
Public Health Auditorium. Anyone
interested is invited.
Bacteriology Seminar: 9 a.m.,
Thurs., April 20, 1520 E. Medical
Building. Speaker: Mr. Robert E.
Chamberlain. Subject: Methods
for Study of Bacterial Allergy.
Zoology Seminar: 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., April 20, Rackham Amphi-
theater. "Germ Cell Cycle of Me-
galodiscus temperatus (Stafford) ",
by Anne Miller. "Life History of
cum" (Magath, 1920), by Irving
Doctoral Examination for Karl
Edward Pottharst, Psychology;
thesis: "The Influence of Varied
Experimental Sets upon Certain
University of Michigan Socio-
logical Society invites the soci-
ology and social psychology stu-
dents to its regular Thursday af-
ternoon Coffee Hour. 307 Haven
University Choir: Rehearsals
today and tomorrow 3 p.m., Haven
U n d e rgraduate Psychological
Society: Discussion Group in Clin-
ical Psychology: Meeting, 7:30
Leon Jaroff.........1Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen ............ City Editor
Philip Dawson .......Editorial Director
Mary Stein...........Associate Editor
Jo Misner .......... Associate Editor
George Walker .......Associate Editor
Don McNeil..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth ...... Photography Editor
Pres Holmes........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin........ Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach ....Women's Edi ' r
Barbara Smith.. Associate women's E.
Allan Clamage ..........Librarian
Joyce Clark...... Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington .. Business Manager
Dee Nelson Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl....... Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff-......Finance Manager
Bob Daniels .... Circulation Manager
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-.. . 198.9(4aeka Johenoe IJet f on pfltc