THE -MITASN DAIT
SUNDAY, MARCH 2G, 1950
IT IS unfortunate that racial and religious
prejudice is so often and so unintelligent-
ly discussed that it becomes the- yawning
point in most conversations. People seldom
change their minds very much, and ap-
parently on this kind of issue they're almost
beyond the reach of fact and reason.
A recent example of this was the in-
cident involving Dr. Neil H. Sullenberger,
who was charged with striking a Negro
elevator operator in University Hospital.
The controversy that swirled around that
one episode was enough to disgust anyone
interested in humane and rational justice.
One reason for this might have been that
the whole affair was badly handled from
IT WAS two months ago that Dr. Sullen-
berger and Mrs. Philpot got involved in
the celebrated altercation. At that point,
it was fairly simple: Dr. Sullenberger rang
for an elevator in the Hospital, became im-
patient when it sped past him, and when
it finally stopped began to swear at Mrs.
Philpot, who was operating the elevator.
She replied with defiance, and a scuffle
occurred from which Mrs. Philpot emerged
with a minor facial injury and Dr. Sullen-
berger with a torn shirt.
The administration of the Hospital, upon
learning of the incident, took disciplinary
action. Dr. Sullenberger was transferred
from the Hospital, where he had been a
postgraduate student in surgery, and as-
signed to heart research in the West Medi-
cal Building. Mrs. Philpot was suspended
from work for a week.
But instead of candidly informing the
press of what had been done, the ad-
ministration of the Hospital then pro-
ceeded to do a number of unwise and
ethically questionable things: They con-
cealed what had actually happened to
Dr. Sullenberger and led people to be-
lieve that he had been fired from the
Hospital; and they attempted to cover
up the whole incident-by ordering em-
ployes not to discuss it, by reportedly
allowing copies of The Daily, in which it
was reported, to be destroyed wholesale
at the Hospital, and by refusing to say
anything about it except that as far as
they were concerned the affair was
There has been a lot of talk to the effect'
that if the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People had not
entered the case, much harmful contro-
versy would have been avoided. Although
this is not the whole story, it is true. It is
also true that if the Hospital administra-
tion had fully and fairly disclosed the facts,
the matter could have been dealt with in
something approaching a peacable and
ANYHOW, a number of people who were
enraged by the incident did enter thel
case. They convinced Mrs. Philpot that she
should sign a complaint so that the doctor
could be prosecuted on charges of assault.
They worked extremely hard digging up
evidence and finding out who had wit-
nessed the altercation. And they issued
leaflets ponting out that Dr. Sullenberger
is from the South and asking whether dis-
crimination is the pattern at the Hospital.
Unfortunately, when the case came to
trial, not all the evidence they had found
was presented; amid acrimonious dis-
cussion, Dr. Sullenberger was acquitted.
Whether deliberately or not, the county
prosecutor bears the responsibility for the
omission of this evidence and this is the
most regrettable part of the whole affair,
bacause it casts doubt upon the moral
validity of the jury's verdict. Neither Dr.
Sullenberger nor Mrs. Philpot could have
wanted an inconclusive trial.
Personally, I do not believe that the omit-
ted evidence would have led the jury to con-
vict Dr. Sullenberger. Even with eye-
witnesses-and there were none-it would
have been difficult to get an all-white Ann
Arbor jury to convict in a case of this sort.
For this reason alone, my own opinion is
that the NAACP was unwise to press for
prosecution of Dr. Suellenberger, and unwise
to distribute the leaflets.
LEGALLY, the issue in the case was
whether Dr. Sullenberger was guilty or
innocent of assault and battery. The issue
was not whether he' is a competent sur-
geon, whether the NAACP was "stirring up
trouble," whether there is constant discrimi-
nation in the Hospital, or any of the other
questions that have been brought in.
The legal issue has now been settled,
more or less. It would still be possible for
Mrs. Philpot to bring a civil action against
Dr. Sullenberger; but the doctor has been
acquitted of the crime with which he
There is a great deal more than the legal
issue in the case, however. One of the few
thoughtful contributions to the public dis-
cussion of this case was Al Eglash's letter
to the editor, in which he pointed out that
both Mrs. Philpot and Dr. Sullenberger
yielded to an emotionally-charged situation.
He suggested that the affair should be
handled with understanding rather than
me re ondemnation th t hath Mrs Phil-
THOMAS L. STOKES:
New Doctrine on Loyalty
WASHINGTON-A strange, but apparent-
ly seductively appealing doctrine has
come from the District of Columbia Court
of Appeals' majority decision upholding the
firing on charges of disloyalty from the
Federal Security Agency of a woman named
Dorothy Bailey, 39 years old.
* * .
IT IS, briefly, this: We are "in a world sit-
uation in which not merely two ideolo-
gies but two potentially adverse forces pre-
By AL BLUMROSEN
HAROLD STASSEN gave a good speech
He got the audience to laugh at the be-
ginning, and his trick of repeating verbatim
the questions tossed at him caught the fan-
cy of the audience. One of his strongest
rounds of applause came when he repeated
an extremely long and complicated question
No doubt about it, the man's a crowd
And he is probably sincere in what he
said. But when you stop to think back, he
didn't say much. Aside from his Remarks
About Stalin, which caught the eye of all
the newspaper people present, his approach
was two-fold and simple:
1. Youth has got to get to work, and
2. We shouldn't have a "negative" pol-
icy toward Russia.
All this is very nice and true, but aside
from its value as a political campaign plat-
form, it does not have any particular im-
portance for American youth except as
something that we can all agree on.
FOR SOME SIX MONTHS now, it has
been clear that the Young Republicans
here on campus are really Democrats in
disguise, or as YR man Dave Belin almost
said yesterday, "Sheeps in wolves clothing."
Their "Opportunity State" platform, for
all its vague evasiveness, is a liberal docu-
ment, just about completely divorced from
the stream of thought of the Republican
Party. And they have about as much
chance of getting it through us Chur-
chill does of becoming the next Premier of
At the lecture, a couple of us were talk-
ing to a person fairly high up in the Young
Republican circles, one who holds a nation-
al office. This person admitted that what the
Young GOP needed was "five or six high
class funerals" in the Republican Old Guard
ranks before they could do anything. At
present, the Old Guard looks mighty
Stassen hit upon this point in answering
the final question of the evening as to why
a young man or woman should pick the
Young Republicans instead of the Young
Democrats. His reply, naturally favoring
the Young Republicans, was that the Dem-
ocrats are a "quasi-liberal" group and that
there are dangers in centralizing power in
the hands of one administrator when gov-
ernment functions are increasing. This is
what he said, stripped of its political color
Part of this is very true. There is great
danger in centralizing power in the hands
of administrators. That is probably the
greatest problem facing "democracy" to-
day, but it is not exclusively the problem
of the Democratic party. It is and will be
the problem of any party in power. The
reason it looks like a Democratic prob-
lem is that the Republicans haven't been
running things in the last twenty years
and have not had to deal with the diffi-
culties of "big government."
Despite what Stassen said, the established
rule of thumb still stands: If you are not
inclined to broaden the base of political
influence in the nation, join the GOP. If
you think maybe the farmers and labor
should have a say, try the Democrats.
But what bothers me is the blissful ig-
norance of the Young Republicans, who
think they can carve out the world they
want with the too-blunt edge of what once
was a potent instrument-the Republican
sently exist." The President and Congress
cannot ignore it and must protect our gov-
ernment from the technique of the other
ideology, which is infiltration of the govern-
ment. Innocent people may get caught in
this, but that is just too bad. They must be
sacrificed. The court's majority-Justices
E. Barrett Prettyman and M. Proctro-is
pained about this. They feel sorry about
Miss Bailey. Her situation "appeals power-
fully to our sense of the fair and just." But
her case "must be placed in context and
What about the individual, Miss Bailey?
She was accused of belonging to the Com-
munist Party and various "front" organi-
zations. She denied under oath that she
ever had been a Communist or had be-
longed to the organizations, with the ex-
ception of one, of which she had been a
member for a time years ago. In her public
pronouncements and on issues before her
union she took an anti-Communist posi-
tion. Seventy volunteer witnesses spoke on
behalf of her loyalty.
No one appeared against her. The decision
as to her disloyalty was based on FBI reports
from persons unnamed who, under loyalty
procedure, cannot be revealed to the ac-
cused. Two loyalty boards, that of FSA and
the Loyalty Review Board, based their
judgment on these. Under the system, act-
ing for the President, they found her dis-
loyal. No one, of course, has a vested right
to a government job, as the court's majority
decision properly pointed out. Her job was
not in what is called a "sensitive" agency.
She had access to no "secrets." She is out of
* *1 *
HER CASE was put in one sentence by
Judge Henry W. Edgerton in his minor-
"Without trial by jury, without evidence,
and without even being allowed to con-
front her accusers or to know their iden-
tity, a citizen of the United States has
been found disloyal to the government of
the United States.
Judge Edgerton is being called naive about
facts of the world today and old-fashioned.
He would seem as old-fashioned as Thomas
Jefferson and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes.
The fashion with us always has been to
protect the rights of the individual un-
der due process of law.
* * *
TH.E NEW DOCTRINE, making those
rights secondary, can lead us far astray.
It has infiltrated Congress already. For
example, on the day following the Bailey
decision and with no connection, the House
Civil Service Committee took up a bill by
its chairman, Rep. Tom Murray (Democrat
of Tennessee), which would go another step
and give complete discretion to certain de-
partment and agency heads to fire em-
ployees for disloyalty, a discretion which
only the President now posseses. The Pres-
ident could extend such discretionary au-
thority to all department heads under the
It was under pressure by the Civil Ser-
vice Committee in the Republican 80th
Congress, which reported there were per-
sons of "questioned loyalty" in the gov-
ernment, that President Truman set up
the loyalty system originally.
It is interesting-and hopeful-that the
Republican chairman of the committee at
that time, Rep. Edward H. Rees (Kansas),
now ranking minority member, refuses to
go along with the proposed extension of
authority to department and agency heads
as provided in the Murray bill. He protests
that it would not give employees sufficient
protection and it would, indeed, permit the
play of mere whim or other flimsy pretexts.
He urges modification of the measure.
In all these issues there is still recourse
to the supreme court, which will have an
opportunity to pass on the Bailey and re-
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
"Stand Up Like An Elephant"
" ,.. 5 t1lp
Xettei' TO T HE E DITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from Its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publlsh all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
e torndensed, edited, or withheld froni pubilcation at the discretion of the
editors . ' Yf '.t
Labor Youth League.. .
To the Editor:
SHE TWIN editorials in The
Daily on the Labor Youth
League represents a serious misin-
terpretation and distortion of the
objectives of that group.
Mr. Jaroff's article fastened up-
on three minor stories in the LYL
publication, "Challenge," in order
to "prove" that its members were
"hopeless Russophiles." The first
of these articles was a story about
the recent price reductions in the
Soviet Union (even the 'Daily' car-
ried this). The fact remains that
while unemployment has reached
its lowest point in ten years in this
country, that a Socialist state can
afford to reduce its prices and in-
crease the value of its currency!
Shouldn't this be news to 6 million
unemployed; to the 3%M2 million
unemployed young people?
The second article dealing with
the complete equality and freedom
of Negroes in the Soviet Union
points up the disgraceful, undemo-
cratic treatment accorded the Ne-
gro people in this country. Two
months ago, a Negro worker (not
a Communist) asked to be allowed
to go to the Soviet Union so that
his son would not have to grow
up in the poisonous atmosphere of
Jim-Crow that permeates our so-
ciety! But the overwhelming ma-
jority of Negro people with their
white progressive allies remain in
their homeland to strive for a bet-
ter, truer democracy which will
eliminate all forms of discrimina-
tion! It's likely that Jaroff for-
gets Peekskill, Peoria Street in
Chicago, the quota system and
segregated housing here, the 19
out of 21 barber shops that refuse
to cut the hair of Negro students!
The last story is about the fight
game. Does any reasonable citi-
zen believe that the profit motive
isn't the prime mover in that
'sport'? Ring Lardner's expose,
which recently appeared on the
screen, portrays the corruptness
and profit-seeking of those who
feed on the blood of their fighters.
And so, after repeating an ab-
breviated version of Sen. McCar-
thy's charges against humanity,
Mr. Jaroff declares, "that such an
organization exists on campus is
no cause for general alarm.. .
they are harmless individuals .. .
their political discussions consist
of dogmatic cliches, evasive an-
swers and monstrous rationaliza-
tions." Believe it or not Mr. Jar-
off has NEVER ONCE ATTENDED
AN LYL MEETING OR GROUP
DISCUSSION! I venture to say
that Jaroff has never had a politi-
cal discussion with ANY MARX-
IST on this campus about the LYL
or its program! This is the warm-
ed-over phrase-mongering of a
Pegler or Bingay and is not the
factual presentation that one
would expect from a University
student with normal intelligence.
The present record college en-
rollment of 2,500,000-a million
more than pre-war days-has not
yet reached its peak. Within ten
years-possibly long before that-
the enrollment may go to 3,000,-
000, thus doubling the "normal"
student body of the peacetime
Higher education faces a stu-
pendous task in trying to absorb
this huge additional student load.
But the fact that so many new
institutions are being founded, or
in some instances reorganized, is
an indication of the far-sighted
attitude of the nation's respon-
sible educators. We know that an
educated citizenry will mean a
-The New York Times
citals by Robert Noehren, Univer-
sity Organist, will be played at
4:15-p.m., Sun., Mar. 26, Hill Audi-
torium. It will be devoted to The
Greater Catechism, from the Cla-
ierubung, Part Three, by Bach,
Open to the public. The final pro-
gram will be presented at the same
hour on Apr. 2.
University Choir Concert. The
University of Michigan Choir,
Maynard Klein, conductor, will
present the first of two concerts
at 8:30 p.m., Tues., Mar. 28, Hill
Auditorium. It will include 16th,
17th and 18th Century Choral
Music as well as modern composi-
tions. The second program, to be
given on Sun. evening, Apr. 2, in
Hill Auditorium, will be devoted to
compositions by Bach. Both are
open to the public without charge.
Student Recital: Larry Owen,
student of violin with Gilbert Ross,
will play a recital at 4:15 p.m.,
Tues., Mar.:28, Rackham Assembly
Hall, as partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Compositions by
Vivaldi, Chausson, Bach, and Pro-
kofieff. Open to the public.
Student Recital: Nathen Jones,
flutist, will present a program at
8:30 p.m., Mon., Mar. 27, Rackham
Assembly Hall. Assisted by Lor-
raine Jones, pianist, and Jerome
Jelinek, cellist, Mr. Jones will play
works by Bach, Beethoven, De-
bussy, Honegger, Ibert, Scott, Nor-
man Dello Joio, and Lora. The
program is presented in partial
fulfillment of the requirements
for the Master of Music degree.
Open to the public, Mr. Jones is
a pupil of Nelson Hauenstein.
Student Recital: Durward Rob-
erson, clarinetist, assisted by Dav-
id Hildinger, pianist, and David
Ireland, violist, will be heard in
a program at 8:30 p.m., Sun., Mar.
26, Architecture Auditorium. A
pupil of Albert Luconi, Mr. Rober-
son presents the program in par-
tial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Bachelor of Music
degree. Compositions by Pierne,
Saint-Saens, Bozza and Schu-
man. Open to the public.
Joint Musicale by Phi Mu Al-
pha, Sigma Alpha Iota and Mu
Phi Epsilon, 7 p.m., Sun., Mar. 26,
Hussey Room, League. All mem-
bers and faculty are invited.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Second Annual Student
Arts Festival Exhibit; weekdays
9-5, Sundays 2-5. The public is
Student Religious Groups:
Canterbury Club: 9 a.m., Holy
Communion followed by student
breakfast. 5:30 p.m., Supper f ol-
lowed by program. 8 p.m., Evening
Westminster Presbyterian Guild:
5:30 p.m., Supper in Social Hall.
6:30 p m., program, "The Christ
of Christianity," Rev. Barney Roe-
Lutheran Student Association:
4:30 p.m., Choir rehearsal. 5:30
p.m., Meeting and supper. 7 p.m.,
Program in charge of Student
Center and Chapel Committee.
Unitarian Student Group: 7
p.m., meet at the Church for eve-
ning of poetry.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Stu-
dent Club: 5:30 p.m., Supper and
program. Speaker: Rev. E. ERos-
sow, Northville, Mich.
Congregational, Disciple, Evan-
gelical and Reformed Guild: 6
p.m., Supper at Memorial Chris-
tian Church. Dr. James Crain, De-
partment of Social Welfare and
Social Action of the United Chris-
tian Missionary Society, will speak
on "The Struggle for the Souls
Wesley Foundation: 9:30 a.m.,
Seminar; topic: "The Last Week."
5:30 p.m., Supper and Fellowship
in Social Hall. 6:30 p.m., Worship
and Program. Rev. Justus Olson,
director of the Wesley Foundation,
University of Wisconsin, will speak
on: "Individual Commitments."
Inter-Guild Council: Meeting,
2:30-4 p.m., Lane Hall Library.
Social Research Group: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3S, Union.
Speaker: Dr. Kenneth Benne, De-
partment of Social Philosophy,
University of Illinois. "What Pre-
judices Does the Social Scientist
U. of M. Hot Record Society:
Lecture-record program on "The
Effects of Gold Stocks on Big
Band Jazz." ABC room, League,
8 p.m. Everyone invited.
Wolverine Club: Special trips
committee meeting, 2 p.m., Lea-
gue. All members must be pre-
Electrical Engineering Research
and Journal Discussion Group: 4
p.m., Tues., Mar. 28, 3072 E. Engi-
neering. Mr. Robert W. Olthuis
will discuss "An Electronic Coup-
Social Seminar of the American
Society for Public Administration,
Michigan Chapter: "Comparative
Administration." Mr. Edward H.
Litchfield, visiting professor of
Public Administration, Cornell Un-
iversity. 7:30 p.m., Mon., Mar. 27,
West Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Interested persons invited.
Mr. Frank Coe, of Chance Vought
Aircraft, Dallas, Texas, will be in
1521 E. Engineering on Thurs. and
Fri., Mar. 30 and 31 to interview
Mechanical or Aeronautical engi-
needs who will graduate this
spring. Additional information and
interview schedule on the Aero
bulletin board. Applicationblanks
in 1079 E. Engineering.
Gothic Film . Society: Meeting,
8 p.m., Mon., Mar. 27, Rackham
Amphitheatre. Films: "Dead of
Night" (British; with Michael
Redgrove), and "The Well -
Wrought Ern" (Ann Arbor: The
Company; 1950). Members may
bring guests providing arrange-
ments are made inadvance with
either president Hampton or trea-
surer Whan, ext. 2784.
Pi Sigma Alpha, national politi-
cal science honor fraternity: Mem-
bership meeting, Tues., Mar. 28,
East Lecture 'Room, Rackham
Bldg., following the Graduate
Roundtable scheduled to begin at
7:30. National membership dues
Group discussion on Aspects of
Living Religions, Lane Hall, Mon.,
Mar. 27, 4 p.m. Topic: "The Uni-
tarian Approach to Religion." Dr.
Redman as leader.
Graduate History Club: Meet-
ing, 8 p.m., Tues., Mar. 28, 1007
Angell Hall. Elections. All history
grads and faculty invited.
Bowling: There will be no open
bowling at the Women's Athletic
Building on Tuesday, Thursday
and Friday evenings hereafter.
Sociedad Hispanica: Social hour,
4-6 p.m., Mon., Mar. 27, Interna-
tional Center. Movies.
Political Science Graduate Round
Table: 7:30 p.m., Tues., Mar. 28,
Rackham Assembly Hall. Topic:
"What's Cooking in China?"
La P'tite Causette: 3:30 p.m,
Mon., Mar. 27, Grill Room, Lea-
Ballet Club: Meeting, Mon., Mar.
27, 7 p.m., Dance Studio Barbour
Gym. All interested persons, both
men and women, invited.
Inter-Racial Association: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Tues., Mar. 28.
Agenda: Discrimination in hous-
ing and FEPC.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NIGHT EDITOR: DON KOTITE
CONGRATULATIONS to the music school
and its carillonneur for its timely ren-
dition of Stephen Foster's "Swanee River"
at noon Wednesday. Coming as it did amidst
the drizzle and slop of the Ann Arbor spring,
it gave the students who heard it a happy
I never knew the Swanee River could
sound so good.
(Continued from Page 2)
Mathematics Orientation Semi-
nar: 3 p.m., Mon., Mar. 27, 3001
A.H. Miss Ingersoll will talk on
"Pascal's Theorem and Axioms in
The University Extension Serv-
ice announces the following course:
Bird Study. Planned primarily
for beginners, though any inter-
ested person may enroll. Through
study in the field during the spring
migration season, the group will
learn to identify birds by such
characteristics as size, shape, flight
pattern, markings, color, song, and
behavior. Attention will also be
given to the environments in which
various birds nest as well as to
types of nests, nesting materials,
incubation, and behavior during
the early part of the breeding sea-
son. Five of the eight weekly ses-
sions will be early morning field
trips on Saturday and Sunday.
"Parents who register for the course
may bring their children on the
field trips at no extra fee. In-
structor is H. Louis Batts. Open-
ing session, 7:30 p.m., Tues., Mar.
28, 2116 Natural Science Bldg.
University of Michigan Varsity
Band under the direction of Jack
Lee will present a, concert in the
Michigan Union Ballroom, Sun.,
Mar. 26, 3 p.m. In addition to com-
positions of Fillmore, Bach, Le-
Gassey, Kern, Sousa, and others,
compositions of two of 'the mem-
bers of the School of Music fac-
ulty are being performed, one of
which, Jack Lee's "Highland
Suite," will be performed in pub-
lic for the first time. Open to the
Organ Recital. The second pro-
gram in the current series of re-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff..........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen..... .....City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Mary Stein.............Associate Editor
Jo Misner............Associate Editor
George Walker.......Associate Editor
Don McNeil............Associate Editor
Wally Barth....... Photography Edlitor
Pres Holmes........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz... Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... Associate Women's Ed.
Joyce Clark..........Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington.... .Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangi.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff......Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
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matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
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The Future of Television
MAN DOES amazing things with the ob-
jects he creates, and television is prov-
ing to be no exception.
Babies he spanks. Automobiles he uses
for decreasing the population. Furniture
he carves his name on. Fences he climbs.
Of course, man does do other more rational
things with his creations. For instance,
babies, grown up, make fine soldiers. Auto-
mobiles occasionally take him places in a
less tedious way of bringing about the mora-
torium. Even a new type of TV set which
eliminates the large glass window and the
peculiar people which pop up therein would
do away with all eyestrain currently en-
volved in televiewing. Then the watchers
could concentrate on the oft-beautiful cab-
inet and perhaps extract some degree of
entertainment from it.
Any use, at any rate, would obviously be
an improvement over its present task as re-
( - - I I I