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April 19, 1949 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-04-19

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Fair Practices Lobby

fP E MICHIGAN State Legislature will
consider two bills during the present
session which would make it illegal for em-
ployers and education administrators to
pursue policies of racial or religious discrim-
ination in ther respective activites.
Legislative recognition of the demo-
cratically accepted truism that discrimin-
ation is a social evil has been long over-
due. Its opposition has used principally
two lines of argument.
The first, paradoxically, holds that there
is a right to discriminate as well as a right
of equality and that a law which upholds
the latter at the expense of the former is
undemocratic. If discrimination is a social
evil then the application of such logic should
also hold for other socially undesirable ac-
tivities such as racketeering, thievery, and
such. This is clearly preposterous.
The second line of the opposition to civil
rights legislation holds that laws are useless
because they do not get at the root of the
&&problem which lies in the prejudiced at-
titudes of those who discriminate. Until the
heavens fall these people will should "You
can't legislate attitudes! They are learned.
Education is the only answer."
The confusion of the educationalists
evolves around the meaning of the word
"learned". From the correct premise that
attitudes are learned they jump to the in-
correct conclusion that education, in the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
nd represent the views of the writers only.

formal sense of classroom education, is
the only means society has of changing
undesirable attitudes.
Without even consulting the social psy-
chologist we can see that attitudes, and es-
pecially such socially unwanted ones as
racial prejudice, are not learned in the
classroom, but develop primarily from ob-
serving the ways others behave. This is
basic to the truth of such a platitude as
"practice what you preach." Society's be-
havior must conform to the voices of its
educational institutions if the voices are to
have effect.
And behavior can be legislated!
Laws which bring the judicial strength
of the state against those who would dis-
criminate serve a two-fold purpose. First
there is the immediate effect of removing
the special oppression of minority groups.
(The educationalists give them only the
hope that things will be better in a few
generations. What moral anarchy!) Sec-
ondly, there is the longer-range and more
basic effect of destroying prejudicial atti-
tudes by destroying the foundation upon
which they are developed and supported.
To the end of passing the Fair Education
Practices Bill and the Fair Employment
Practices Bill the Young Progressives of
Michigan are initiating a lobby to Lansing
this Thursday. This legislation will be op-
posed by those who will seek passage of
such bills a the one which will categorically
deny the right of present or past Commun-
ist teaehers the right to earn a living by
their profession.
To succeed, the lobby needs the active
support of everyone who thinks democratic
Michigan could use more democracy, not
--Jack Barense


At the State ...

"The Return of October" with Terry
Moore and Glenn Ford.
D ESIGNED to warm the cockles of your
heart, this little philosophical opus is
more likely to warm your temper.
It's all about a brattish girl who believes
that her late horse-loving Uncle Willy has
been reincarnated as a brown stallion.
When the girl's rich and eccentric aunt
passes away, a group of shoddy'and cove-
tous relatives propose with some logic
that the girl is batty, and that she there-
fore should be deprived of the estate that
had been bequeathed her.
Meanwhile, Glenn Ford-a bashful ab-
normal psychology professor at a nearby uni-
versity-has published a paper on the girl's
odd behavior. Sucp diplicity irritates the
girl,' insmuch as she las subsequently fal-
len in love with the professor-to put it
Despite such overwhelming odds in favor
of misery and chaos, a happy ending is has-
tily fashioned, in which Uncle Willy gallops
to victory in the Kentucky Derby and then
drops dead.
There are occasional glimpses of potential
promise in the technicolored tale, but our
general comment must be a hearty neigh.
-Bob White

At the Michigan ...
WHISPERING SMITH, Hollywood's an-
swer to talking pictures.
THIS MOVIE suffers from two major
drawbacks. Alan Ladd, as the Whisperer
speaks so low and indistinctly that you have
to lean forward in your armchair to make
out what he is saying. Then when you dis-
cover what it is, you wish you hadn't.
In some circles, notably those people who
have attended the Michigan this week, the
terms "western," "technicolor western," and
"bad western" are used synonymously. When
I see an ordinary western, I expect it to be
bad, unless it was Gabby Hayes,
But when I see a high-priced extrava-
ganza of talent that includes Ladd, Brenda
Marshall, Donald Crisp, and Robert Pres-
ton, I expect . . . oh, I don't know, en-
tertainment maybe, decent dialogue, I
suppose, and from time to time just a
hint of action. Or at least scenery.
As the villain, Preston is living proof that
once a man first speaks harshly to his wife,
it is only a matter of two reels before he
will inevitably also be drinking, lying, steal-
ing, running around with the boys from the
next ranch, shooting sheriffs, horsing with
the girls at the saloon, beating his wife, and
finally meeting death
-Perry Logan.

That's News
A HORN GOES OFF when there's a fire
in my town. It makes a strangs, hoarse
noise, coming across green fields on a hot
afternoon; it sounds like an animal that has
gotten into something, and is outraged. I
tried to telephone to learn where the fire
was, but every number I asked for was
busy. I suppose a lot of excitable people
with nothing better to do than to find out
about fires, had jammed the lines. I got
into the car to have a look at the blaze,
hoping the roads wouldn't be crowded by
the sensation-hungry, as they were the
last time. After all, I'm a newspaperman,
with a legitimate interest in fires and the
international situation.
I never did get to the fire. It was a
warm day, and the pleasantness of it
slowed me down. My policy suddenly be-
came that if I got there, all right, and
if I didn't, just as good. Eesides I was
kept busy, recognizing things from last
summer. This can take a bit of time. I
don't know why it should seem important
that one is seeing again in the hot sun a
stone wall that one saw in the hot sun last
year, but it is.
Then there was a man lying flat on his
face near the road. As I stopped, though, he
turned, sat up and stretched. It was just
spring. Stretching, he merged with the
landscape, talking on familiarity, and I
pushed on.
I tried the car radio. It said, in a deep
voice, that Germany must be made
stronger. That bit of news did seem
strange, especially when you listened to
it while passing three cows. Here we are,
I thought, less than four years after the
end of the war, talking about making
Germany stronger. Even if we really have
to do just that, that doesn't take the
strangeness away. It just means we live
in a world in which we have to do strange
So I switched the radio off, and found
myself buying two buddleia bushes in a
nursery garden. I don't quite know why.
I like buddleia well enough, but if you had
asked me ten minutes before what I wanted
most in the world, I'd never have mentioned
buddleia. Just wouldn't have occurred to
me. It seemed the natural thing to do,
though, in the afternoon sun, and I did it,
looking the plants over carefully as if I
knew something about them.
There was a pond which had to be looked
at. A small creature was walking around on
the bottom of it, looked like a crayfish. It
seemed to know what it was doing, so I
let it alone. There was also a bee, can-
vassing some crocuses. I wondered if tls'e
was such a thing as crocus honey. That's
the thing about the country; everything in
it is quite familiar, but it manages to give
you a lot to think about. I heard a fire
engine somewhere, making jovial noises tt-
stead of hysterical ones, so I knew the fire
was out.
I headed home, and turned the car
radio on again. This time it was about
our armed forces. A voice said the im-
portant thing is what kind of unifi ;'ion
of the services we are going to have. I
was passing a white farmhouse, which is
a very familiar thing to me, but, again, I
had a sense of the peculiar, of something
strange pressing through the familiarities
around me. It seems to me the important
thing is why the world has got into a fix
in which we, a peaceful peole, have to
spend sixteen billions on arms; but, no,
to the radio voice the important thing
is what kind of military unification.-And
maybe that is the important question; I
don't know; but that only msakes it all the
I turned the radio off to restore famil-
iarity. I came home and looked over the
peas, which are just starting. And when,
a little later, I picked up a newspaper, and

read a Tampico dispatch about a shark
frightened by naval gun practice, which
had jumped up on Miramar Beach in Mex-
ico, and bitten a man who had just been
sitting there, not bothering anybody, it
didn't seem at all strange anymore. That's
the kind of news that comes in over the
stone walls. A fish jumps up on land and
bites a man. Why, of course.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Post Corporation)
Looking ack
50 Years Ago:
A local drugstore advertised its new soda
fountain open for the summer season, fea-
turing "Hot Weather Drinks." The store had
new special cooling apparatus and every-
thing was new, clean and attractive."
Faculty members and students founded
a University Gun Club with no membership
fee except the expense of any clay pigeons
they happened to hit.
Members of the squirrel family apparently
deserted the campus. No animal has been
found during the spring, and the superin-
tendent of buildings and grounds had no
opinion on where they had gone, The Daily
said, but added that his department had
done nothing to chase the members of the
sciunidae family from their campus homes.
A professor of the zoology department said
that townspeople may have waged war on
the squirrels because of their destructive-
. , , , -- .- - .,.-

(Continued from Page 3) I
Bureau of Appointments:z
Mr. Watt of the Washington
National Insurance Company, Ev-
anston, Illinois, will be in our of-I
flee Fri., April 22, to interview menI
for salaried field group representa-t
tives. Assignments will be anyt
place in the country. For further1
information and appointments,t
call Ext. 371, or stop in the office,
3528 Administration Bldg.c
The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures,7
third series. Second lecture,
"Coming into Equity with Unclean
Hands-2." Professor Zechariah
Chaffee, Jr., Harvard Law School.
4:15 p.m., Tues., April 19, 120
Hutchins Hall.-t
Economic Lecture: "Bias in
Communication." Dr. Harold A.
Innis, Professor and Head of the
Department of Political Economy,
University of Toronto; auspices of
the Department of Economics.
Tues., April 19, 4:15 p.m., Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
University Lecture: "The Uni-
versities of Germany." John A.
Hawgood, Professor of Modern
Hiistory and Government, Univer-;
sity of Birmingham, Eriglarid; aus-
pices of the Department of His-
tory. 4:15 p.m., Tues., April 19,
Kellogg Auditorium.
Lecture: "Government-Control-
led Socialized Medicine," Dr. Ed-
ward J. McCormick, Toledo, Ohio;
auspices of the Medical School and
the Women's Auxiliary of the
Washtenaw County Medical Soci-
ety, 8 p.m., Tues., April 19, Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
University Lecture: "Expecta-
tions in Cancer Research." Dr. E.
V. Cowdry, Professor of Anatomy
and Director of Research, Bar-
nard Free Skin and Cancer Hos-
pital, Washington University
Medical School, St. Louis, Mis-
souri; auspices of the Medical
School and the Ann Arbor Branch
of the Women's Field Army of the
American Cancer Society. 4:15
p.m., Wed., April 20, Rackham
University Lecture: "The Phil-
osophy of Speech Education." Pro-
fessor Andrew T. Weaver, Chair-
man of the Department of Speech,
University of Wisconsin; auspices
of the Department of Speech. 3
p.m., Wed., April 20, Rackham
Lecture Hall.
Special Lectures in Education,
auspices of the School of Educa-
tion. "UNESCO and World Peace."
Professor William Clark Trow. 7
p.m., Wed., April 20, University
High School Auditorium.
Academic Notices
Wildlife Management Seminar:
Dr. G. A. Ammann, Game Biolo-
gist of the Michigan Department
of Conservation, will present an il-
lustrated talk on the recent at-
tempts to introduce Ptarmigan
into Michigan. 7:30 p.m., Wed.,
April 20, Botany Seminar Room,
1139 Natural Science Bldg. All
wildlife students are expected to
attend and anyone else interested
is invited.
Botanical Seminar: 4 p.m., Wed.,
April 20, 1139 Natural Science
Bldg. "Development Anatomy and

Regeneration of Hevea brasilien-a
sis" by Thomas J. Muzik. Open "
meeting. c
Engineering Mechanics Semi- t
nar: 3 p.m., Tues., April 19, 101 W. b
Engineering Building, at which m
time Mr. Hunter will give a talk on e
the Operation of The Simple Amp- A
tier. All graduate students in En-
gineering Mechanics are urged to t
attend as well as interested stu- i
dents from other departments. r
Mathematics Colloquium: 4 c
p.m., Tues., April 19, 3201 Angell D
Hall. Dr. W. Roy Utz will speak on"
Geodesic Flows on Manifolds of t
Hyperbolic Type. t
Preliminary Ph.D. Examination t
in Economics will be held during
the week beginning Mon.,tMay 2.
Each student planning to take f
these examinations should leave i
with the Secretary of the Depart-S
ment not later than Fri., April 22,C
his name, the three fields in which u
he desires to be examined, and his d
field of specialization. a
Preliminary examinations for o
the doctoral degrees in education c
will be held Wednesday, Thursday, a
and Friday, May 25, 26, and 27. ,
All applicants who are planning to t
take these examinations should t
notify Prof. Harlan C. Koch, t
Chairman on the Committee on d
Graduate studies in Education, l
4012 UHS, in the immediate fu- n
ture, indicating their fields of spe- i
cialization. i
Students who expect to do di-v
rected Teaching in Elementary n
Education during the fall esemes-
ter, and who have not filed appli- i
cations, should do so at once in
2509 University Elementary
Student Recital: Martha Ham-
rick, graduate student in theI
School of Music, will present a pi-
ano recital at 8 p.m., Tues., April
19, in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
Miss Hamrick is a pupil of Helenn
Titus, and her program, given ini
partial fulfillment of the require-n
ments for the degree of Master of 1
Music, will be open to the generala
Museum of Art: Alexander Col-S
lection of Masks, through May 8;Z
Max Beckmann, Some Recent As-N
cessions, through May 1. AlumniA
Memorial Hall; daily, 9-5, Sun-
days 2-5. The public is invited.
College of Architecture and De-E
sign: Architectural work of San-S
ders and Malsin, New York City;o
sculpture of William Talbot, New
York City. First floor, Architec-
tural Building. April 18 to May 9.C
Events Today "
The Annual French Play: "La
Belle Aventure," 8 p.m., Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets on4
sale at the box office from 2 to 8t
Pi Tau Sigma: Formal initiationF
ceremony, 6 p.m.; banquet, 6:30c
p.m., Michigan Union. Bring whitec
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity:
Meeting, 5 p.m., Rm. 3-R, Michi-I
gan Union.
Delta Sigma Pi: Open Meeting,

f f
3 ).
}f i
"f }

... And by a Hare it's .. .

Letters to the Editor-


The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
ubicaton in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is topublish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
.he writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
ory characterorssuchrletters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
* * *
oet Bloc-0oting
o the Editor:
N VIEW of the two articles
which appeared in The Mich-
,;an Daily last week, we would like
o clarify certain viewpoints which
b presented.
First, The Daily considered "bloc
oting" and "newsletters" synony-
ous. "Bloc voting" is the ex-
hanging of votes. This means one
rganization contacts another and
ays, "Our group will give your
andidate second place votes if
ou will give our candidate sec-
nd place votes." This method is
Iso used to secure third, fourth,
ifth, etc. place votes. It follows
hat those who use this system,
nust vote according to a prear-
anged system. Now let's consider
newsletter. A newsletter is a
know your candidates" where the
andidates' qualifications are list-
d, and are not merely the quan-
ity of clubs, or organizations he
elongs to. Membership in nu-
nerous organization does not nec-
ssarily qualify a person for a
eat on the Student Legislature.
4 newsletter is to inform and not
o indoctrinate the student body.
t is not a prearranged list which
equire you to vote a certain way.
Another point we would like to
larify is the implication in the
Daily's articles that AIM and the
Nest Quad were guilty of plans
o foster block voting. Actually
hey were guilty only of attempt-
ng to bring the qualifications of
ndependent candidates before the
tudents. A "hue and cry" would
ie raised that a news letter with
nly independents listed would in
act be a list for directing poten-
ial votes. Weacontend that the
Student Legislature's "Know your
Candidates" could also be looked
ipon in this manner, because they
listinguish between independents
nd affiliates. From the interpre-
ation given by The Daily, any
naterial concerning candidates
an be considered a directive list
and therefore similar to "bloc
votes." If students are so apathetic
hat they can be manipulated by
he word affiliated or unaffiliated
acked on to the name of a can-
didate, then even the SL's news-
etter has to be considered a di-
ective list. We do not believe this
s how students choose their leg-
AIM does not consider this block
voting-Student Legislature does
not consider this block voting-
we do not consider this block vot-
-Ralph Olivanti,
Jim Kallman,
Norris Domangue,
Jim Rice.
* * *
To the Editor:
R. GEGORY SAYS ... "toler-
ance is something which is
meant to work both ways." This
is almost an undisputable state-
ment, that is, if one depends upon
the assumption that there is such
a thing as tolerance. And appar-
ently, that is the assumption
Gregory -bases his conclusion
Daniel L. beck, Director, Exectuive
Selection and Training Institute of
Detroit, will speak on "How To Sell
Yourself." 8 p.m., 130 Business
Administration Bldg.

Sigma Rho Tau, Stump Speak-
er's Society: Meeting, 7 p.m., 2084
E. Eng. Bldg. Program: Project
Speech Contest preliminaries; Un-
official Council of the Stump.
Acolytes Meeting: 7:30 p.m., W.
Conference Room, Rackham.Bldg.
Prof. G. Rainich will speak on
"The Philosophy of a Mathemati-
cian." Open to the public.
Arts Chorale: Meeting, 3:45 p.m.,
4th floor, Angell Hall, for radio
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Rehearsal for all principals and
chorus, Michigan League. Last
chance for costume measurements
to be taken.
Undergraduate Physics Club:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., 2038 Randall.
The U. of M. Theater Guild will
(Continued on Page 8)

upon. However, I think his basis
for assuming is wrong; therefore,
his conclusion is wrong.
First, he assumes that there is
such a thing as tolerance. Second,
he implies that tolerance can win
over intolerance.
I have never read where toler-
ance has conquered intolerance in
the past; I have never witnessed
such a thing in our present; and
I don't think I will ever witness
it in the future. I am quite sure,
and I think history will bear me
out, there has never been tolerant
forces dealing with human activ-
ity. All the church schisms, all
conflicting economic theories, all
racial and religious prejudices
have existed intolerantly - have
existed fighting within and
against each other. For one who
tolerates, in the strictest sense of
the word, accepts. Who in this
world accepts? It is very true that
one might listen to both sides;
and one might tell oneself that he
is weighing the matter objectively,
but he is only kidding oneself. For
I believe it is impossible for one,
indoctrinated in a traditionalized
society, to weigh a matter objec-
I am another one who does not
tolerate. Indoknot tolerate preju-
dices of any kind under any con-
ditions. And if it comes literally
to change society and to FORCE
education upon those who demon-
strate prejudices (and that's ex-
actly what it amounts to in many
localities), that's exactly what I
advocate. Yet, Gregory maintains
that we must tolerate intolerance.
I wonder if he thinks FORCING
education upon others is toler-
ance; or does he think we should
allow prejudices to flourish in our
If we tolerate prejudice, we are
being "real liberals." We are giv-
ing everybody a right to their
views. We are advocating "free-
dom" by giving everyone the right
to think as he pleases. Yet, by
this very method, there will be
those which have no rights or very
few because others will deny them
those rights.
No, Mr. Gregory, I cannot go
along with you-not even com-
promise. I will not tolerate any-
one who thinks along terms con-
cerningreligious and racial dis-
criminations. I realize that it
might mean the denial of some
of my own rights. Yet, I believe
that is one of the chances we hu-
mans must take. We must find
for ourselves one common belief.
And that belief (whatever it is)
must be forced upon all others
so that all will share the same
common belief. And then we must
hope that we humans had dis-
covered a belief strong enough to
keep and hold the world together
in absolute peace.
-Ray Franklin.
~Tiap~unran n.

Money Matters

W ASHINGTON-Those who wonder why
this richest country in the world is sup-
posed to be unable to pay the bills for its
own security, could do worse than visit the
Capitol office of Representative Albert
Thomas of the Eighth Texas District. Thom-
as is a fairly consistent Congressional econ-
omizer, except when the Eighth District
wants something. And this amiable weak-
ness for pleasing his constituents has re-
cently made him the hero of a meaningful
little drama.
The opening scene occurred some time
last spring, when this year's budget began
to be prepared. An eager young official,
ominously described by Thomas as "that
young feller in the Budget Bureau who
thinks he knows all about hospitals,"
looked into the Veterans Administration's
gigantic hospital building program.
The program's goal was 152,000 hospital
beds. But 136,000 beds would provide hos-
pitalization for three times the total num-
ber of veterans seeking treatment for serv-
ice-connected disabilities. Revising the goal
downward to eliminate the 16,000 extra beds
would effect an immediate global saving of
$350,000,000. Over twenty years it would also
save the taxpayers an additional $2,200,000,-
000 in maintenance costs.
The young official caused these facts
to be pointed out to Veterans Administra-
tor Carl Gray and Dr. Paul Magnusson, the
Veterans Administration's able medical
chief. They agreed they could get along
with only 136,000 beds in their hospitals.
In the end, President Truman and the
then Budget Director, James Webb, in-
corporated the economy in the budget
A-L---------- - +.. 4.- 52104

was in Houston, the great city of the Eighth
Texas District.
Hearings were held. The needs of the
group described by Representatives as
"the widders, the orphans and the war vet-
erans" were recalled. Dr. Magnusson's tes-
timony-that he really did not have any
use for all those extra hospitals-was
treated as a plaintive, inaudible murmur.
This was the triumph, it must be under-
stood, of a man if anything above the Con-
gressional average, pleasant-mannered, far
from doddering, reasonably industrious, and
bred to politics almost from his boyhood
in the East Texas town of Nacogdoches. If
great issues have not often engaged his in-
terest, it is perhaps because his time is so
much taken by the endless running of er-
rands for his people. And his people have
appreciated his industry, for he has hardly
been opposed in recent contests for reelec-
Furthermore, the triumph of Representa-
tive Thomas is but one incident in a major
governmental process. Many others might be
cited, such as the disciplining of the State
Department and Budget Bureau last year
by the friends of the shipping lobby on
the Senate Appropriations Committee. These
Senators cried "economy" six days a week,
and on the seventh grew furious because
$500,000,000 in ECA funds had been saved by
transferring useless American vessels to the
French and Italians. The sacrificing of the
general to the special interest is such accept-
ed practice that it hardly any longer arouses
In the present instance, Houston may
not get its hospital after all, despite
Thomas's efforts. Appropriations are not
mandatory, and the Representative talks
darklv of executive tendencies to "usurp

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman ....Managing Editot
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern........Editorial Director
Aliegra Pasqualetti .. .Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen ........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff.........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown ............Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed
Bev Bussey .....Sports Feature Writes
Audrey Buttery.....Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes .................LibrarianR
Business Staff
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman ....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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The Associated Press is exclusi"AI
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of all news dispatches credited to it or
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Entered at the Post Office at Anm
rbor, Michigan. as second-class maUl
Subscription during the regular
,Ahool year by carrier, $5.00, by mall,


Mis Dixons gong bring -herI

Youl'l find competent ,secretarial
asistance areaf time-saver for

But Mr. O'Malley, what she's going
to write down is all about YOU

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