THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 1949
THE WITCH HUNT in education has
started again. The politicians are look-
ing for Reds, and this time the tramping
grounds is the State of Illinois.
Last week the Illinois Senate Investi-
gating Committee voted to probe the Uni-
versity of Chicago for subversive activity.
This time the statesmen at Springfield
should find the search quite fruitful.
Without doubt, the thorough investigators
should turn up a surprising number of edu-
cators at Chicago who actually understand
Communism. These shall be promptly
brought before the "bar of justice", where
all the world may gaze upon them. Further-
more, "subersive" students may be found
holding Communist party cards. With these
action must be taken.
Clearly, the swiftest method to end the
Red menace at the University of Chicago
Is a purge. Moreover, should just a minor
purge be ineffective in irradicating for-
ever "foreign elements undermining our
nation", the University of Chicago must
be closed. Its building can be converted
to munitions storage for the coming war,
and its endowment can be used to buy
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
Jd represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PHIL DAWSON
gold plated American flags for each of
the investigating legislators, in aplrecia-
tion for their loyal service to the state.
The University of Chicago has long been
a citadel of American education. From with-
in its walls have come some of the foremost
American scientific and philosophical ad-
vances. It has prided itself in the controver-
sies that have raged over its educational
practices. Throughout the years it has stood
as an intellectual sanctuary amid the tur-
moil, of the metropolitan community in
which it is located. Being privately endowed
its ivory towered existence has never been
If the Illinois investigating committee
repeats the Congressional probes of last
year, and makes its target, the university,
the days of academic freedom are indeed
numbered. Yesterday, it was Olivet, and
Oregon, today it is Chicago; who will it
The choice of paths is clear. Either Amer-
ican educators resist the infraction of aca-
demic freedom at Chicago, or they face
forever, the gauntlet of political interven-
tion. Either the Chicago investigation be
stopped, or Universities must be content
with remaining acquiescent, while political
controversies end their existence. Either
such Red Scares in education be stopped, or
truth will crumble into the broiling mass
where nationalism and ideologies conflict.
Definition of Treason
TW O AMERICAN Communist leaders,
William Z. Foster and Eugene Dennis,
have come out with a pledge to "defeat the
predatory war aims of American imperial-
They said they would oppose it as un-
Just and aggressive and "destructive of
the deepest interests of the American
people and all humanity."
The pair also said they did not regard
war as inevitable and that they believed the
Russian and American systems of govern-
ment could exist separately and peaceably.
However that was overlooked for the more
sensational aspects of their.statement. Like
the phrase to the effect that the Commun-
ists would "cooperate with all Democratic
forces" to defeat "U.S. war aims." What
that referred to was not explained, but
Dennis promised an answer later. It could
refer to the American Democratic Party,
democratic elements in our society or even
the so-called democracy of Russia. However,
it did not imply acting as an advance guard
for Russian troops-only unwillingness to
actively support what they disapproved of.
The reaction, nevertheless, was imme-
diate and vociferous on the part of Con-
gressmen who invisaged a new and super
witch .hunt;, complete with jet-propelled
brooms. Both Democratic and Republican
Congressmen asserted that such an atti-
tude would be "strictly treasonable" if the
nation were at war.
Thus, we would have treason defined as
a mental attitude of disfavor towards what
could become an American war policy.- In-
stead of the constitutional ideas of treason
as "giving aid and comfort to the enemy in
time of war," it would involve failing to
give aid and comfort to one's own nation in
time of war.
Anyone who failed to support the United
Staites in either defensive or aggressive
(don't wince, it may happen) war would be
disloyal, i.e. Communists.
Or: "My nation right or wrong."
-Craig H. Wilson
AUTOS IN FUTURE years will whiz along
with much the same speed and styles as
they do today, according to one veteran
consulting engineer of auto industry fame.
Seems to me he's talking through his ultra-
conservative hat, though.
Claiming that the postwar automobiles
have finally "reached their ultimate in
length", engineer Austin M. Wolf un-
doubtedly raised listening Automotive En-
gineers' members from their nostalgic
dreams. And a minor furor probably
swept the room when he demanded that
futuramic tin lizzies be reduced in size.
As yet the time has not come to point an
accusing finger at men-behind-the-automo-
bile-gun. Even Wolf maintained that only
the law of economics can determine how
the Rolls Royce of 1960 is to be built. But
where, we ask, will all the proposed new im-
provements, including more commodious
passengei space and a larger maneuvering
area for the driver, fit into the picture if
stem-to-stern car lengths come to a com-
plete halt or, worse yet, are reduced?
Some armchair experts figure that cars
already take up too much precious space on
the highways, and basically they may be
right. However, the battle will rage between
advocates of conservatism and those who
feel that the only sound way of answering
gripes by the squirming, squeezed-in driver
and passenger is to yield to their demands.
Furthering of space improvements in cars
is, or should be, the result of twentieth-cen-
tury cries for newer, longer lines in many
fields beside the automobile industry.
MATTER OF FACT:
By STEWART ALSOP
NEVER SINCE the war ended has there
been such widespread fear of coming
economic storms. This fear has already
had' two important political consequences.
One is that President Truman's anti-infla-
tion program is already sunk virtually with-
out trace. Nobody believes any longer that
the Congress will grant the President the
stand-by price and allocation controls he
has demanded. A second consequence is
that the President will be lucky to get
more than a fraction of his proposed four
billion dollars in new taxes.
The curious fact is that the government
economists, peering into their crystal balls
and pouring over their statistics, find re-
markably little solid, factual evidence to
support these fears for the future.
There is, of course, one important, and
disturbing, exception. Unemployment has
increased, and decisively more than it did
at this time last year. Unemployment now
stands in the neighborhood of 3,200,00b-.
Yet the conomists who.argue that the
danger of inflation is not over point out
that there is another side to this coin. For
if unemployment is higher than it was last
year at this time, so is employment.
The fact is-and it is a fact not generally
realized-that there have been more people
employed in the United States in the first
months of this year than in the first months
.of any year in American history. As for un-
employment, government economists argue
that it cannot yet-and they stress the
"yet"-be regarded as serious.
In brief, say the government economists,
there is no real reason to assume that the
boom has come to an end, and that we
are now in for a sharp and painful down-
turn. Indeed, the basic danger is more
inflation, and there is still pressing need
for inflation controls and for higher taxes
to keep the government from going into
the red. This is why President Truman, who
is rather surprisingly attentive to the opin-
ions of his economists, is still somewhat
futilely demanding his whole economic pro-
gram from Congress.
Yet if there is so little solid evidence that
1949 will not repeat the economic history of
1948, why is there so much nervousness
about the immediate economic future. No
doubt one answer is that there is an impor-
tant factor bearing on the national economy
which the economists cannot measure on
their charts--the psychological factor. When
most people decide that a boom is ending,
it ends. And it seems pretty clear that most
people have so decided. The consequences
may be painful. But it is reassuring that
most economists are convinced that real
collapse, on the pattern of the early 'thir-
ties, the collapse for which the men in the
Kremlin long, is out of the question for
the foreseeable future.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune)
March Of The Dwarfs
r 's NA~r
ID RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
fH E THING we have to avoid is "provoca-
tive defense". I don't know whether just
this phrase has been used before, but we
need it, or something like it, and we need
to understand what it means. A provocative
defense is one which tends to provoke the
very danger it sets out to guard against, and
thus increases our peril rather more than
it does our security.
Something like this must have been in
John Foster Dulles' mind when he warned
us, the other day, "not to seem to bring
United States military might directly to
Russia's border", as, say in Scandinavia.
Bases too near Russia, Dulles underscored,
"carry an offensive threat that 'is dis-
proportionate to defensive value." The
At the State...
ROAD HOUSE, open evenings.
I HAVE LEARNED the secret of popularity
this past week: Stop writing movie re-
Consequently I hesitate to form an opin-
ion of the latest made-to-order for Richard
Widmark. The young lady who hired me
to be ridiculous in print says excitedly, "It's
Wonderful," making a joyful clap of the
hands the while. I suspect that she derives
her enthusiasm from the fact that she
bears a certain resemblance to Miss Celeste
Holm, who in better times has been ex-
cellent, who plays a sensitive role in this
picture, and who shares the plight of the
entire company in being miscast.
On the other hand, the young lady who
sat next to me during the perforpiance,,
whose name I was unable to catch, was
vehement in maintaining the plot was
bad, the acting was bad, the production
was bad, the characters were bad, and
the movie was so-so.
I rather like the insane brutality of Rich-
ard Widmark, although I find it difficult
to reconcile his cinematic instability with his
reputed sensitivity. Having done so through
three movies, I am happy to learn that in
his next he turns out to be a real sweet
Ida Lupino sings in this film, and every-
Letters to the Editor -
statement is important, because this is the
first time that anyone in a position com-
parable to Dulles' has sought to put a limit
to the things we can do under protection
of the magic word "defense".
That' word has been stretched all out of
shape in our recent discussions. It is in
danger of being used as a kind of general
license to let us do anything we have a
mind to do, to go through all the natural
"STOP" signs of history, or to drive on the
left side of the road, if you'll excuse the
But it is not only in the military field that
we have to beware of the danger of provo-
cative defense. The same peril crops up in
the field of international politics, too. The
persistent proposals that we should make
a friend of Franco, for example, for the
sake of our national safety, also come under
the heading of provocative defense. Pro-
vocative, because this course would provoke
every anti-fascist in Europe to dislike us
and fear us. European anti-fascists would
feel personally attacked and endangered by
an American alliance with Spain, and it
would therefore, in its own way, "carry an
offensive threat that is disproportionate to
The root idea back of provocative de-
fense is not pure defense at all. It is more
like an effort to win certain battles covert-
ly, under guise of avoiding them, or of lre-
paring against them. To carry the discus-
sion into the domestic field, the efforts of
nervous conservatives to pile up loyalty
tests and oaths of fidelity, and to write
a whole new tome of anti-radical legisla-
tion, also come under the head of provoca-
tive defense. To use the F.B.I. to guard
us against sabotage and subversion is one
thing; that is defense, clear and simple,
justified and necessary. But these other
endeavors carry us into new territoy.
They are provocative, because they pro-
voke dissension and distrust, because they
make people afraid to speak, because they
tend to impose an orthodoxy by means of
economic and other threats, because they
are aimed, offensively, at producing show-
downs of one kind or another, under the
guise of searching defensively for security.
The Russians use provocative defense, too,
as when they call upon us to behave like a
nice, dying system, for which, they modestly
assert, their followers are the chosen under-
(Continued from Page 3)
Ann Arbor Extension Course:
The May Festival section of the
Extension course, "Appreciation of,
Music," given by Prof. Glenn D.'
McGoech, will begin Wed., Mar.
16, 7 p.m. Non-credit course, 8
weeks, fee $7. 206 Burton Memor-
ial Tower. The course will be de-
voted to the study of the 1949 May
Festival program. Enrollment for
this course may be made at the
Extension Service Office, 4525 Ad-
ministration Bldg., or at the first
Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates: The Teacher's Oath will be
given to all June candidates for
the teacher's certificate on Mon.
and Tues., March 14 and 15, 1437
University Elementary School.
This is a requirement for the
Application for Engineering
Scholarships for the school year
of 1949-50 will be taken in 412 W.
Engineering Building, until April
2. See the bulletin boards in East
or West Engineering Buildings for
Senior Women attending the se-
nior dinner and Junior Girls Play
may obtain their caps and gowns
Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday,
Moe's Sports Shop. Those who
have paid senior dues and are to
receive a discount on the rental
fees must show their receipt. It is
not necessary for those not
planning to use the gowns now to
obtain them; another opportunity
will present itself before com-
Occupational Information Con-
ference: Mr. W. D. Howard, Vick
Chemical Co., New York, will dis-
cuss opportunities with his com-
pany-with particular emphasis
on sales and advertising; Mr. J.
C. Schade, Employment Mgr., Eli
Lilly Co., pharmaceutical mfgr.,
Indianapolis, Ind., will discuss op-
portunities for students in chem-
istry, engineering, and pharmacy.
Wed., Mar. 16, 4:10 p.m., 231 An-
gell Hall. Opportunity for ques-
tions. All students invited. Spon-
sored by University Bureau of Ap-
The Boy Scouts of America
will have a representative here on
Thurs., March 17, to interview
students interested in professional
Scouting. Appointments may be
made by calling Ext. 371, or in the
office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Administration Bldg.
The Near East College Associa-
tion announces that it will need a
number of single men teachers in
the following subjects: English,
History, Geography, Engineering,
Mathematics, Music, Library Sci-
ence, Biology, Chemistry (PhD),
Political Science (PhD), Sociology
(PhD preferred), and Commerce.
Most of these positions require ex-
perience. There is one position for
a single woman to teach Natural
Science in a preparatory school.
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments.
The Vick Chemical Company
will have a representative here on
March 15, 16 and 17 to interview
men for their advertising sales
training program. Candidates must
be between the ages of 21 and 26,
preferably single. Call Ext. 371, or
stop at 3528 Administration Bldg.
immediately as preliminary tests
must be taken on Mon., March 14.
The Eli Lilly Co. will have a rep-
resentative here on March 15 and
16 to interview for the following
people: Chemists: Ph.D. in bio,
organic, and physical chemistry,
M.S. in analytical and organic
chemistry, and B.S. candidates;
Bacteriologist with an M.S. or
Ph.D. degree; Engineers (Chemi-
cal, Industrial, and Electrical)
with B.S. and M.S. degrees, and
Pharmacy: Ph.D. and M.S. in phar-
maceutical chemistry or pharma-
cy, and B.S. candidates. For fur-
ther information, and appoint-
ments, call Ext. 371, or call in the
office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Administration Bldg.
University Community Center:
Sun., Mar. 13, 10:45 a.m., Church
service and nursery. 6 p.m., Ice-
cream social for families.'
Mon., Mar. 14, 8 p.m., Faculty
Wives Club. Mrs. Neil Swanson,
"Art Techniques." Sewing class.
Conversational French class.
Tues., Mar. 15, 8 p.m., Student
Wed., Mar. 16, 8 p.m., Ceramics.
Bridge for beginners.
Thurs., Mar. 17, 8 p.m., Ceram-
ics. Water-color. Copper class.
Indianapolis Symphony Orches-
tra: The public is reminded that
the concert by the Indianapolis
Symphony Orchestra Sun., March
13, will begin promptly at 7 p.m.,
The box office in Hill Audito-
rium will be open at 6:00 o'clock,
one hour preceding the perform-
University of Michigan Choir,
Maynard Klein, Conductor, will be
heard at 8 p.m., Tues., March 15,
Hill Auditorium, in a program of
contemporary choral music, with
Maryjane Albright, soprano, Gil-
bert Vickers, tenor, and Robert
Elson, baritone, as soloists. Com-
positions by Vaughan Williams,
Holst, Alberto Ginastera, Randall
Thompson, Kodaly, and "Magnifi-
cate," for choir and instrumental
ensemble, by Homer Keller, a
member, of the School of Music
Student Recital: George Roach,
Clarinetist, will present a recital
at 8 p.m., Mon., March 14, Rack-
ham Assembly Hall, as partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the Master of Music degree. He
will be assisted by Alan Squire,
Warren Bellis, Norman Rost, Rob-
ert Sohn, and accompanied at the
piano by Nancy Lewis. Mr. Roach
is a pupil of William Stubbins,
and his recital is open to the pub-
Architecture Building, First
Floor, Work of Francesco Della
Sala, architect, of Naples, Italy,
through March 19.
Exhibit of Student Work, De-
partment of Architecture, Univer-
sity of Illinois, through March 18,
2nd floor, Architecture Bldg.
U. of M. Hot Record Socity:
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
THINK that Mr. Kenneth L.
Pike's experiment "how to learn
Japanese in 45 minutes," which
he conducted last Thursday at the
Rackham amphitheatre was the
greatest joke I have ever witnessed.
After a good 55 minutes of holler-
ing and gesticulating all over the
stage with his two Japanese "in-
formants" Mr. Pike didn't succeed
in carrying on a "rudimentary con-
versation" which he was supposed
to; he merely learned 5 or 6 Japa-
nese words, "paper," "large," "yes,"
"No," "seat," and even those he
couldn't pronounce correctly.
If the real purpose of this dem-
onstration was to show the audi-
Program featuring Benny Good-
man small combos, 8 p.m., Michi-
gan League Ballroom.
Canterbury Club: 5:30 p.m.,
supper and discussion. "Religion
in the Curriculum." Evening Pray-.
er Service, 8 p.m., St. Andrew's
Episcopal Church, followed by
Coffee Hour at Canterbury House.
6 p.m., Supper, Memorial Chris-
tian Church. Rev. and Mrs. Pick-
erill will'discuss making courtship
and engagement meaningful.
Evangelical and Reformed Stu-
dent Guilds: Supper and discus-
sion, 5:30 p.m. Subject: "The
Lutheran Student Association:
Choir Rehearsal, 4:30 p.m., Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall. 5:30, Sup-
per meeting. Movie: "Answer for
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Dr. Francis Steele, Archeological
Museui, University of Vennsyl-
vania, "The Case for the Bible."
4:30 p.m., Fireside Room, Lane
Roger Williams Guild: Supper,
Fellowship, Worship, 6 p.m. Stu-
dent panel: "Religion in the Cur-
Unitarian Student Group: 6:30
p.m., Church. Mr. Reyer VanZan-
en, Grosse Pointe, "The Business
Man Looks at Liberalism."
Wesleyan Guild: 5:30 p.m., Uni-
ted World Federalists' student
panel. Fellowship and supper, 6:30
Westminster Guild, First Pres-
byterian Church: Fellowship meet-
ing, 6:30 p.m. social hall. Dr. Ken-
neth Neigh, "Christian Vocation."
Supper, 5:30 p.m. Bible Seminar:
Mr. Henderson, 9:30 to 10:30 a.m.
Coffee, 9 a.m.
.Z.F.A.: Purim Masquerade:
8 p.m., Hillel Foundation.
Undergraduate Physics Club:
Meeting, Tues., March 15, 7:30
p.m., 2038 Randall. ,"Qualitative
and Quantitative Spectroscopy."
Sigma Rho Tau, Stump Speak-
ers' Society: Meeting 7 p.m.,
Tues., March- 15, 2084 E. Engineer-
ing Bldg., "Unionization of Engi-
neers." Debate with U. of Det.,
Quarterdeck Society: Meeting,
Tues., March 15, Rm. 3D, Michi-
gan Union, 7:30 p.m. Mr. Osborne
Archer, "Velocity of Power Tools."
Deutscher Verein: Meeting,
Tues., March 15, 7:30 p.m., Rm.
3R, Michigan Union. Speakers:
Mr. Sinnegan and Mr. Wensinger,
movies of the Pops-Abend.
La p'tite causette: Mon., 3:30
p.m., Grill Room, Michigan League.
United World Federalists: Mem-
bership meeting, Tues., 7:30 p.m.,
"The Strategy of Better Race
Relations," John Feild of Detroit's
Mayor's Inter-Racial Committee.
Sponsored by ADA. Wed., March'
16, 8 p.m., Michigan League.
Armenian Students' Association:
Bowling party, W.A.B., Mon.,
March 14, 7:30 p.m.
ence that he has learned the Mix-
teco Indian language, and speaks
fluently. that he knows the Pho-
netic Alphabet, and Tonemic Per-
turbations of a langage, which he
so expertly wrote on the black-
boards of the amphitheatre, is in
itself a different story. But to
claim that he is going to learn
Japanese "in 45 minutes," and
then to carry on a conversation,
brother, that is another story.
I am not questioning the ability
of Mr. Pike in the field of linguis-
tics and phonetics. I have seen a
half dozen of his books in the
General Library. But to see the
name of a linguist like him mixed
up with such "sensationalism" as
to learn a new language in 45 min-
utes, is beyond my comprehension.
To talk by means of body articu-
lation is not a novelty. Ask any
GI who was stationed in a foreign
land, how he spoke with the na-
tives, he will tell you "he used his
head and hands."
There is a great difference be-
tween "to communicate oneself in
a language" and "to speak a lan-
guage." There is no argument,
that we need an efficient and
faster method of learning a new
language. I am afraid to say, that
Mr. Pike's "technique" is not the
answer. Bio-linguistics has shown
us, that vegetative acts of swal-
lowing, sucking, and chewing are
the basis of our speech movements.
Melody, rhythm, accent, vowels,
consonants, and physiological syl-
lables are the basis of all speech
processes. From one or several
physiological syllables the words
are formed, from these words sen-
tences are composed, and finally
from the combination of all these
the language has emerged. To
learn any language thoroughly
and efficiently we must follow
these elementary steps of the
emergence of speech processes.
There is no short cut to it, Mr.
Kenneth Lee Pike. Any attempt
to find out a new method of learn-
ing a language should be based
upon these fundamental principles
of bio-linguistics. Therein lies the
true answer to our problem.
-George A. Petrossian.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily's
report said clearly that Prof. Pike's
demonstration was put on at the
request of the Center for Japanese
Studies, not for private purposes of
sensationalism. Prof. Pike did not
claim to be able to learn Japanese
in 45 minutes. lie tried to demon-
strate four things: that communica-
tion can be initially established by
gesture; that it can be established
so as to be apparent that it could
later be expanded into speech; that
it can be done more efficiently if
one utilizes scientific techniriues;
that language studied as a system-
of pyramided structure has impli-
cations for the learning of a foreign
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50 YEARS AGO:
The class of '02 whipped the sophomores
by a score of 36-27 in the annual Freshman-
Sophomore trackmeet. About 800 attended
the meet, largely made up of admiring coeds
of each class, according to The Daily.
20 YEARS AGO:
The 'Ensian Floorwalkers, yearbook cake
team, tried in vain to wrest the Publications
championship from Daily Nuzounds, going
down the lonely road by the score of 19-10.
10 YEARS AGO:
Mon., March 14, 4-6
It napm 1s ,sp An; io v 0t 1 iThank. no Mr .i-ehnoluI I Take Your I "... so let him have a slug But I say, old chap, just