THE MICHIGAN DAILY
A BODY OF THE UN has recommended an
investigation of charges of slave labor,
particularly in Russia; an important, yet
paradoxically unimportant move.
It is fantastically important that, for
the first time in history an international
body has assumed the responsibility of
finding out how many citizens in the
world have been stripped of the right to
work as free men. It is one of the first
practical applications of the World Bill of
Rights passed last December 10.
Article 23 of that monumental document
called for the right of everyone "to work,
to the free choice of employment, to just
and favorable conditions of work and to
protection against employment . . . to equal
pay for equal work . . . to form and join
But this latest investigation is para-
doxically unimportant in that whatever
it finds wrong it does not have the power
to, make right. Suppose, just for an ex-
ample, the investigation should reveal
that Russia is using a band of Ukrainians
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FRAN IVICK
as slaves, what could be done about it?
This is assuming that Russia already
knows all about the unfortunate Ukrain-
The Russians voted against the move in
the Economic and Social Council, and for
some peculiar reason, introduced a resolu-
Lion to establish an international trade un-
ion commission to investigate "real working
zonditions" the world over.
But a delegate of the mysterious Oriental
power admitted that the commission he pro-
posed could never get near Russia, so there
you have it.
Another salient point about the inves-
tigation is that it can, so far as reports,
now indicate, probe only the political as-
pects of slave labor. The report is fine
if it shows a government is telling its cit-
izens where to work and forbids trade
But what about the places in free coun-
tries where economic conditions have forced
slave labor conditions. Perhaps the report
,an sneak in a few words on the matter,
out surely it cannot recommend to the UN
that, for example, every country should
adopt democratic socialism.
Yet in spite of its numerous weaknesses,
the probe can do nothing but good in a
matter that the world, as a whole, has
never tackled before.
-John P. Davies.
EVER SINCE the Regents removed the
speakers' "ban" a little more than a
week ago, the University Lecture Committee
has been under fire. Critics feel that the
Committee has interpreted the "educational
interests" clause of their rules too narrowly
in the case of James Zarichny.
The writer of a recent letter to the
editor even applies the phrases "censor-
ship" and "thought control" to the Lee-
ture Committee's action in refusing Zar-
ichny permission to speak here.
However, there would seem insufdicient
cause to justify such complete lack of faith
in the Committee's motives-indeed, to at-
tribute to its members motives which they
cannot have if they are acting "in the spirit
in which the Regents -acted."
The Committee turned down Zarichny
because they said they felt his appearance
would not be in the "educational interests"
of the academic community. And in the
usual sense of the word, perhaps it would
not have been.
As proposed by the Young Progressives,
Zarichny's appearance on campus would
only serve as a restatement of his case.
Is such a restatement advisable or nec-
Then, too, there is the question of whether
the University could receive Zarichny as an
impartial host. To many, allowing him to
speak here would mean condoning, in a
sense, his side of the dispute.
Students and faculty members who up-
hold the principles of academic freedom
as ideals worth fighting for will perhaps
consider stepping on somebody's toes a
very minor point if it will assist in clear-
ing up what might be a flagrant violation
of academic freedom in our own back-
yard. Maybe they are right.
On the other hand, critics might do well
to withhold their invective until the Lecture
Committe has given more concrete evidence
of brandishing "the heavy hand of censor-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a
series of articles on the state of the world gov-
ernment movement written by the president of
the University chapter of United World Federal-
ists in connection with World Government Week.)
By JOHN A. KNAUSS
ONCE YOU HAVE an idea of what world
government is, the immediate question
is how do federalists hope to achieve it. Any
plan that hopes for any degree of success
must take into adequate consideration the
state of the world today; or as somebody
always puts it, "What are you going to do
This is an embarrassing question, because
no one can say with any degree of certainty
what the Russian attitude will be toward a
proposed world government. Most federalists
hope that Russia will join immediately, but
many believe that she will not. All plans
for world government make pointed pro-
visions for the acceptance of new nations
after the government is once functioning.
If Russia refuses to join, it is not a
world government. The question is, is it a
step toward world government? There is
divided opinion on this, but most fed-
eralists believe that a federation without
Russia is much better than none at all.
All want a government that Russia will
eventually find to her advantage to join.
Most observers are agreed that the rest
of the nations will accept a world govern-
ment if and when the United States takes
the lead. There are strong federalist groups
in most of the parliaments in Europe. The
new constitutions of France and Italy make
provision for a transfer of sovereignty. This
is important. The most persistent argument
against world government is that nobody
is ready for it. This is nonsense. Russia and
the United States may not be willing, but
the rest of the world is ready.
To see how federalists hope to achieve
world government, it is necessary to in-
spect those plans which have the great-
est support in this country. The first
and most straightforward of these is to
attempt to amend the United Nations
charter, making that institution a fed-
eral world government.
Under Article 109 of the charter any
country can call for a conference to amend
the charter, and this revisional conference
must be held if two thirds of the member
countries concur. It is not subject to the
veto. However, any amendment to the
charter may be vetoed by the permanent
members of the Security Council. What
would happen if any country should veto
a new constitution is anybody's guess. Most
federalists are directing their efforts to the
task of convincing Congress that they should
ask the President to call such a conference.
A second plan called Federal Union is
based on the assumption that only a fed-
eration of democratic countries is at pres-
ent possible. Federalists who believe in this
plan hope to form a union of western
democracies and make it so strong that
other nations will eventually find it to
their advantage to join.
The opponents of this plan claim that
such a union makes the problem of achiev-
ing real world government even more dif-
ficult than it already is. Such a plan they
insist only widens the rift between East
and West. It must be emphasized, how-
ever, that this plan calls for a federal gov-
ernment and not a glorified North Atlantic
Those federalists who believe that some-
thing more than a minimum world govern-
tnent is necessary base their hopes on a
grass roots movement. They want to make
federalism the primary political and social
issue in this country. Such a movement
must have specific goals. Their present one
is a Peoples World Constitutional Conven-
tion to be held in 1950 or 1952. Delegates
will be elected from every country in the
world. They will not represent governments.
From this convention or from a later oe
will come a constitution that will be rat-
ified by the governments of the world. This
plan has a great advantage over the others
in being relatively free from power diplo-
macy, which is the plague of all federalists.
These federalists don't speak of world gov-
ernment in five or ten years, but of world
,government in our generation.
These are the basic plans that federalists
are working for today. Tomorrow we will
discuss what degree of success they are
IT SO HAPPENS
Unpardonable Error .
ONE OF THE MANY piles of grass grow-
ing aids which have been quite notice-
able around campus for the last few days
was unloaded in front of the entrance to
the East Quad's Strauss House. It was dis-
tinguishable from the many other loads in
the vicinity by a sign plunked in the middle
which read: H"1ow many times have we
told you to deliver food to the rear door?"
THE CALLING OF THE ROLL: An Old Michigan Custom
DAILY vOFFICIAL BULLETIN
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
4 7 S--
By ,SAMUEL GRAFTON
KNOW NOTHING about birds, except
what I see from my window. The other
day I watched them feed, during what I
hope was the last snowfall of the year. The
blue jays came in first, then the crows. It
was very cold, and there was a high wind,
blowing the snow in sheets.
Two of the jays got into a fight over
a slice of bread. There was other bread
around, and many square feet of seed, still
uncovered, but they fixed on this slice,
and both wanted it. Like all bird wars
CONGRESS recently finished modifying
the immigration laws to take out some
of their more restrictive clauses. But appar-
ently it isn't going to stop there.
The House of Representatives has
passed, 348-4, a bill permitting the highly
secret Central Intelligence Agency to bring
to this country foreigners who risk death
to help American spies abroad, Up to
100 could enter under the bill without
regard to immigration laws..
During consideration by the Armed Serv-
ices Committee, which passed the bill unan-
imously, Committee Chairman Vinson
(Democrat of Georgia) told a reporter "there
are a lot of things in this bill that we
cannot discuss, here or on the floor of the
So the bill was reported out under special
rules limiting debate to 40 minutes and
We question whether these elaborate
precautions are necessary. What has been
disclosed about the bill leads us to think
that it should have been discussed-and
it certainly should not have been passed.
The idea of rewarding foreigners who help
our spies by bringing them to this country
is not sensible. The purposes and methods
of spies are not the purposes and methods
of free men. The fact that spies are useful
in international politics doesn't necessarily
mean they are desirable citizens.
Maybe we nteed spies abroad, but we
don't need theim here. The IHouse of Rep-
resentatives is apparently setting up a
new criterion for deciding whether a for-
eigner should be permitted to enter the
this' went on in brief spurts; they slashed
at each other, retreated, then went back.
Now and then the wind would raise a
swirl of snow, completely hiding the small
war. At these moments it was the most
peaceful of country scenes, the room with
the fire in it, and the snow outside. Then
the wind would drop, the dry snow settle,
and you could see the jays fighting their
obscure, anonymous war again.
During all this the crows were stuffing,
gobbling the food, throwing their heads up
and back to swallow the bigger bits. But
the jays ignored the crows. Sometimes i
crow would snap at another crow, and the
jays, of course, fought steadily among
themselves, but no jay attacked a crow, no
,row noticed a jay. It was as if they did
not exist for each other, as if they lived
an different planes of reality, which did not
intersect. Each jay, even when surrounded
and shouldered by crows, conducted him-
self as if his territory were quite empty-
antil another jay appeared, and they would
then fight for lebensraum, while the crows
ate the food.
Off on one side, a;: ragged row of snow-
birds-juncos-waited for the jays to go
away. With their white breasts, and
sitting almost motionless, they looked like
miniature penguins. Their patience, in the
swirling snow, was hard to endure; watch-
ing, you did not want them to be pa-
tient, but they were afraid of the jays,
and waited. Once a jay flew in, then sud-
denly swerved, missed the airport, and
landed near the snowbirds. For some rea-
son, though he was no different in size
or markings from the other jays, he too,
was afraid, and he, too, waited. And of
this jay the snowbirds had no fear.
* * * '
Then the snow blew up again, covering
all. When it dropped the sparrows came in.
Ihese, though not much larger than the
snowbirds, had no trepidation about the
jays, but moved in among them, and fed;
they carried it off like a gang of street boys
running through a quiet neighborhood, rely-
ing for strength on rowdy gestures and
swagger. Then suddenly, in a blinding wind,
the jays took off, followed by the crows and
the sparrows. At this moment, with the food
at last free for them, the snowbirds flew
Two crows came back and settled on the
(Continued from Page 2)
Hopwood Contestants who plan
to petition the Hopwood Commit-I
tee should read paragraph 12 on
page 9 of the Hopwood bulletin.
The Eugene G. Fassett Scholar-
ship. Application forms for the
Eugene G. Fassett Scholarship,
which is available to students in
andergraduate colleges and schools
of the University who have been
in residence at least one semester,
may be obtained from the Schol-
arship Division of the Office of
Student Affairs. All applications
must be filed by March 31.
Ben and Lucille Braun Scholar-
ship. Application forms for the
Braun Scholarships are now avail-
able in the Scholarship Division,
Office of Student Affairs. This
scholarship is available to under-
graduate students of the Univer-
sity without regard to sex, race,
religion, or school enrollment. One
$400 scholarship will be awarded
Applications must be on file
by March 31.
American Indian Scholarship.
This scholarship is available to
American Indians of either sex
who are selected on the basis of
worthiness, need, and academic
performance. Further information
and application forms are avail-
able in the Scholarship Division,
Office of Student Affairs.
The Emma M. and Florence L.
Abbott Scholarship. Application
forms for the Emma M. and Flor-
ence L. Abbott Scholarship are
available at the Scholarship Divi-
sion of the Office of Student Af-
fairs and should be filed in this
office no later than March 31.
Undergraduate women of high
scholastic standing enrolled in any
University unit who are "caucas-
ian, protestant females of Ameri-
can parentage needing financial
assistance" are eligible to apply.
These scholarships carry a sti-
pend of $500 each for the Univer-
sity year. It is expected that the
recipients will recognize the moral,
if not the legal obligation, to re-
pay the stipend in whole or in
part in the future as they may be
The Continental Oil Company
of Ponca City, Oklahoma, will
have a representative here on
Wed., and Thurs., March 9 and 10,
to interview chemists and chemi-
cal engineers, BS and MS level,
and organic chemists on the Ph.D.
level. For application blanks and
further information, call at the
office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Administration Bldg.
Occupational Information Con-
ference: Mrs. Marian C. Hunter,
Director, Women's Division, De-
troit Police Department, will dis-
cuss police work for women; and
Gertrude Bogart and Jeane God-
frey, Personnel and Recruitment
Committee, American Society of
Social Workers, will discuss op-
portunities in social work for both
men and women. Wed., March 9,
4:10 p.m., 231 Angell Hall. All
students invited. There will be
opportunity for discussion. Spon-
sored by University Bureau of Ap-
Summer Work: A representative
of Forest Inn, Manistique Lake,
Curtis, Mich., will be here Wednes-
day afternoon, March 9, to inter-
view men or women interested in
kitchen work. and men interested
in work as a boat-man and for
general work. For appointment,
call at 3528 Administration Bldg.
or call extension 2614.
Summer work: A representative
from Camp Keewano Wohelo
(Grand Rapids Camp Fire Girls)
will be here Friday afternoon and
Satiirdly morning to interview
girls for counselor positions in
Waterfront, campcraft, nature,
riding, handicraft. For appoint-
ment call at 3528 Administration
Bldg., or call extension 2614.
The Public Schools of St. Louis,
Missouri are in need of High
School Teachers in the following
fields: for the White H.S.-Home
Economics; Science, particularly
Biology; Mechanical Drawing;
Machine Shop; and Commercial,
including stenography. For the
Negro H-S.-Machine Shop; In-
dustrial Arts, particularly Wood-
working; Mechanical Drawing
and Blueprint reading; Commer-
cial, including stenography; and
Home Economics. Two years' ex-
perience is required. The age limit
is 36. For further information,
call at the Bureau of Appoint-
The Los Alamos Scientific Lab-
oratory of Los Alamos, New Mex-
ico, will have a representative here
on Fri, Marcha11, to interview or-
ganic, physical, and analytical'
chemists with BS, MS, and PhD.
degrees, physicists, BS, MS, and
PhD. degrees, with interests in
non-nuclear fields, and electrical,
electronic, chemical, and mechan-
ical engineers open to men with no
experience or men with up to 12
years experienc . For appoint-
ments call Ext. 71, or in the of-
fice of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3528 Admin. Bldg.
The Public Schools of the Terri-
tory of Hawaii are looking for
Kindergarten teachers under the
age of 35. For further information,
call at the Bureau of Appoint-
The Shady Hill School, Cam-
bridge, Mass., is offering one year
of intern training for college grad-
uates specializing in elementary
education. For further informa-
tion, call at the Bureau of Ap-
Education Lecture Series: "The
Aims and Program of the Univer-
sity High School," John M. Tryt-
ten, Assistant Professor of Com-
mercial Education and Principal
of the University High School, 7
p.m., Wed., March 9, University
High School Auditorium. Public is
invited without charge.
American Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Dr. R. O. Roblin, Director of
the Chemo-Therapy Division,
American Cyanamide Company,
will speak on "Metabolite Antago-
nists" at 4:15 p.m., Wed., March
9, 1400 New Chemistry Bldg.
A cadentuc Notices
M. A. Language Examination
Correction: Examination will be
given on Fri., March 11, at 4 p.m.,
Room B, Haven Hall. Please regis-
ter at History Dept. Office. The
use of a dictionary is permitted.
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri.,
March 11, 4:15 p.m., Observatory.
Dr. Harry M. Bendler, Michigan
State College. will speak on the
subject, "Magnetic Fields in Stel-
March 10, 8:30 a.m., 1520 E. Medi-
cal Bldg. Speaker: A. H. Field-
steel. Subject: Virus Metabolism.
Physical Chemistry Seminar:
4:10 p.m., Thurs.. March 10, 1300
Chemistry. Prof. E. F. Barker will
discuss "The Vibration Spectra of
Ethane, Ethylene, and Diborane."
The University Musical So-
Gee, Mr. Thinker, don't
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7 sure DO' Mental strain's