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VOL. LIX, No. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
'B3y Alger Hiss
Ex-State Department Official Wants
$50,000 for 'Communist' Label
BALTIMORE-(M)-Alger Hiss, former State Department official,
filed a $50,000 slander and libel suit in federal court against Whittaker
Chambers, an Associate Editor of Time Magazine, identified Hiss
in testimony before the House Un-American activities committee in
Washington, as active in Communist activities several years ago.
HISS CHARGED in his complaint that Chambers made "untrue,
false and defamatory statements" about him before the committee
on Aug. 3, 7, 17, 25 and 30 and on the Mutual Broadcasting Network's
"Meet the Press" program Aug. 27.
After appearances of both before the committee, Hiss chal-
lenged Chambers to repeat his statements publicly beyond protec-
tion of Congressional immunity.
Chambers issued a three-sentence comment on the suit from
his Westminster home. Chambers said:
"I WELCOME MR. HISS' daring suit. I do not minimize the
audacity or the ferocity of the forces which work through him. But
I do not believe that Mr. Hiss or anybody else can use the means
of justice to defeat the ends of justice."
Hiss commented after his suit was filed by lawyers that "I
' am glad that my case is now in the hands of the court."
Hiss Was Not Communistic
In 1945 Says Prof. Preuss
"Alger Hiss never showed any Communist leanings whatsoever
in the three years that I worked with him," Prof. Lawrence Preuss
of the political science department said yesterday.
Whittaker Chambers' accusations came as a "complete surprise"
to Prof. Preuss who worked with Hiss in the office of Special Political
Affairs before and during the San Francisco Conference.
HISS MIGHT HAVE been guilty of ill judgment at San Francisco,
but that is certainly no basis for the accusation that he is a Commu-
nist, Prof. Preuss said.
' Our entrance to the UN was based on the idea that no world
organization could succeed without the presence of all of the
world's great powers and so we went to San Francisco ready to
make certain concessions to Russia, Prof. Preuss pointed out.
"It turned out that we were too optimistic about Russia," Prof.
Preuss said, "aut the idea of cooperating with her was prevalent
throughout Washington in 1945 in both Congress and the Admin-
* * * *
HISS WAS SIMPLY carrying out this policy, formed on a higher
level and generally accepted at the time, he said.
"If this makes a man a Communist, there were a lot of them
in Washington, in both parties," Prof. Preuss added.
Prof. Preuss pointed out Hiss' background-graduate of Harvard
Law School, secretary to Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes and his subse-
quent record-as showing no tendency toward Communism.
* * * *
' "IN ALL THE TIME I worked with him, there was never any
hint of Communist sympathies," he said.
Accusations without proof, based on the testimony of a former
Communist and refuted by a man with Hiss' record bring the
matter down to a question of who can be believed, he said.
"Unless Chambers' claims can be proved, I will believe Hiss."
City To Tr One Way Traffic
SLoopin State Street District
East-West Conflict May Kill UN- Bevin
WASHINGTON - (P) - Spy
trials for four persons-including
two atom bomb scientists and a
Communist party official - were
urged today by the House Un-
American Activities Committee.
A 36-page report, in which the
Committee said it has been able
so far only to "scratch the sur-
face" of atomic spy activities in
this country, recommended these
* * *
1. PROSECUTION of Steve Nel-
son, Communist Party organizer
in Pennsylvania, on charges of
outright espionage, and citation of
Nelson for contempt of Congress
for refusing to answer committee
2. Prosecution of Dr. Clar-
ence L. Hiskey, his former wife,
Marcia Sand Hiskey, and Dr.
John H. Chapin on charges of
conspiracy to commit espionage.
Hiskey and Chapin were atomic
bomb project scientists during
Thewcommittee accused the
latter trio of conspiring with one
Arthur Adams to pass along to
Adams secret information on their
work in New York and Chicago on
development of explosive deriva-
tives of uranium. The report iden-
tified Adams as an active spy for
Moscow and said he is presumed
now to be in Russia.
K W W
ALTHOUGH IT called for Dr.
Chapin's prosecution along with
the others, it called him a coop-~
erative witness and recorded hist
denial that he ever gave Adams1
The proposed prosecutionst
would be under the 1917 Espion-
age Act, which provides a max-
imum penalty of death or up to
30 years imprisonment.
Aid from SL
Homecoming weekend will not
find visiting alumni reserving
sleeping spots on local park
The Varsity Committee of the
Student Legislature, working in
conjunction with the Alumni As-
sociation, announced plans to cat-
alog all available room space in
Ann Arbor and vicinity that would
be available for the Oct. 30 wek-
All homeowners with rooms to
let were asked to call committee
chairman Betty Clark, at 25631
after 7 p.m. any night this week.
Deadline for setting up the list,1
which will be sent to alumni1
groups all over the nation, will bec
this weekend, Miss Clark said.
Listings will be accepted up tot
the moment of the Homecoming
Illinois contest although they can-
not be mailed out, she said.
The committee also plans tot
have the list available at the time
of the game for alumni coming to
town without having made reser-
JACK RICHARDSON (left) local goat raiser presents President Harry S. Truman (center) an
angora goat at Uvalde, Tex., after Truman arrived to have breakfast with former vice-president
John N. Garner at Garner's home.~ The lettering on the goat's blanket says "Dewey's Goat."
. * * *
Of Peace Plan
Asked by Bevin
Arabs Decry Forcing
PARIS - (M -British Foreign
Secretary Ernest Bevin called on
the United Nations to approve
speedily Count Folke Bernadotte's
Palestine peace plan. He termed
it the "best hope for healing the
breach" between the Arabs and
Spokesmen for the Arab nations
expressed opposition to any im-
position of a Palestine settlement
by force. Sir Mohammed Zafr'ullah
Khan, foreign minister for Pakis-
tan, assailed Israel as a "cancer
in the Middle East that must be
BEVIN OPENED Britain's policy
declaration to the 58-nation as-
sembly with a review of the Holy
Land situation. He noted that the
United States and France also are
backing the plan put forward by
the assasinated U.N. mediator.
The Arabs oppose it and the Jews
have criticized some parts.
"We (the British) have de-
cided to support Count Berna-
dotte's plan in its entirety and
we would urge speed in dealing
ith it," he said.
THE POLL was understood to
have taken into account such ma-
jor issues in the pan as these:
Arab aceeptance of the State
of Israel, Arab insistence on the
right of Arab refugees to return
to their homes in Jewish terri-
tory, Arab agreement on giving
Western Galilee to Israel;
Jewish agreement to give the
Negeb to the Arabs, the interna-
tionalization of Jerusalem, the po-
litical future of the Arab section
of Palestine, and the Jewish de-
sire for a corridor from Tel Aviv
Meanwhile in Lake Success, Dr.
Ralph Bunche, acting United Na-
tions mediator in Palestine, ap-
pealed to the General Assembly
today to approve Count Folke Ber-
At a Glance
TEL AVIV, Israel - F') - An
Arab plane in which two British
correspondents were killed was
shot down by an Israeli fighter
when it failed to heed a warning
to land, a government statement
HOF, Germany - (/P)- Four
members of an American con-
stabulary unit were arrested by
Soviet border guards after
ersing the Russian zonal
Candidates Speak Peace,
Praise Ordinary Folks'
BONHAM, Tex. - (A') - Plresi-
dent Truman rejected a Republi-
can "lullaby" of unity and pledged
the Democrats to unite the nation
for the benefit of the "ordinary
Campaigning from daybreak on
into the night into northernI
Texas, Mr. Truman said nothing
he can say about the Republicans
"is as bad as their record." He said
it would be "disastrous" for the
Republican party to say whom it
is working for."
THE TRUMAN TRAIN came
here from Dallas where Walter
Bedell Smith, American ambassa-
dor to Moscow, joined the Presi-
dent for a personal conference on
the Berlin crisis and the Russian
In a speech at Dallas the
"The Democratic party will)
unite the American people-and it
will unite them, not for the bene-
fit of big business, but for the
benefit of the ordinary folks in
this country who have made this
SEATTLE - ( P) - Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey charted tonight
a vast development of the nation's
natural resources to provide "more
power to wage the peace."
1-"WE SHALL press forward
in the fields of reclamation, drain-
age, soil conservation, flood con-!
2-"Encourage the expansion
of existing power facilities."
3-"Open up our rivers to
wider use for navigation.
4-"In the use of our timber re-
sources we shall be guided by the
principle of selective cutting and
* * *
5-"THE FEDERAL authorities
will recognize the principles of the
western water law.
6-"We shall develop our rivers
on a regional basis.
7-"In every step we shall
seek to protect fish and wild-
will be placed in charge of capable
men and women who will act
without bureaucratic red tape.
'Man Bites Dog'
Here is a different kind of
traffic accident that should be
eligible for Bob Ripley's famous
"Believe It or Not" feature.
Motorist Thomas T. Phipps
reported to City Police that his
car received minor damages
when another vehicle struck it.
When asked about the iden-
tity of the damaging vehicle,
Phipps told the police his car
was damaged not by a huge
truck or even by another auto
but by a bicycle.
Sts pen9s ion
National concern has focused
on the University's extension
courses for labor, suspended last
Friday by the Board of Regents.
Washington commentator Jim
Crowley asked a trio of experts on
workers' education programs to
participate in his weekly broadcast
last Sunday. The three were:
PROF. JAMES J. Healey, Di-
rector of Trade Union Fellowships
at Harvard, Prof. Anthony Lu-
chek, assistant director of the
Penn State labor education exten-
sion program, w h o formerly
taught economics here;
Hilda Worthington Smith,
former Dean of Bryn Mawr who
founded the first workers' school
at Hudson Shore, N. Y. and is
now executive secretary of the
national Committee for the Ex-
tension of Labor Education.
Crowley asked the panel to ex-
plain "what labor education is all
"IT ATTEMPTS to meet the
needs of workers with little formal
schooling who want to understand
economic and business problems
that affect them," Miss Smith
Workers' education programs
aim to take this knowledge out
of the university class room into
the places where workers meet
-and to put it in language they
can understand, Prof. Luchek
"If everybody's for labor edu-
cation, why did the Board of Re-
gents suspend classes - who's
against it?" Crowley asked.
MANY EMPLOYERS feel that
education for labor is merely a
sharpening of weapons," Prof.
"They think the workers are
learning how to wage a class
war," he explained.
"But that's a very superficial
view-most labor education pro-
grame teach the workers what un-
ion obligations are as well as what
their rights are," Prof. Lucheck
"WORKERS Education at-
tempts to get labor to understand
the problems and point of view of
employers," Prof. Healey ex-
"And workers' education pro-
grams include courses of prac-
tical value in understanding the
employers' problems," Prof.
"Many employers in Pennsyl-
vania are strongly in back of our
workers' education p r o g r a m
there," Prof. Luchek said.
PARIS - (P)-Britain's Ernest
Bevin warned that the United Na-
tions may fall apart over the East-
West conflict and the possibility
arose that a double veto by Russia
will keep the Berlin crisis out of
the Security Council.
The foreign secretary told the
U.N. Assembly that Russia alone
will be to blame if the black fury
of an atomic war grips the world.
If it is impossible to work on a
world basis, he declared, "we must
proceed on a regional basis."
S* *' *
ACCUSING Russia of insincer-
ity, untruthfulness and evasion, he
said: "It is better to have our dif-
ficulties now than to live in a
fool's paradise." He added:
"If the black fury, the incal-
culable disaster of atomic war
should fall upon us, all I can
say is, that one power . .. will
alone be responsible for the evils
which may be visited upon man-
A delegate from Soviet-domi-
nated Poland told a reporter to-
night that Russia may invoke the
BONHAM, Tex. - Ambassador
Walter Bedell Smith conferred
with President Truman and said
relations with Russia are very
"critical" but not on the verge of
double veto to block council ac-
ceptance of the Western Powers'
Berlin case and thus snuff our
airing of the charges against
Russia at the very start.
HIS STATEMENT came as the
three powers moved swiftly for
emergency council handling of the
The Western Powers complet-
ed their notes to the Council
charging Russia with threaten-
ing world peace through her
road, rail and river blockade of
the battered German capital.
Meanwhile the Daily Herald
quoted Andrei Vishinsky, Deputy
Soviet Foreign Minister, today as
saying "we shall not abandon the
The Moscow radio described
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin's
speech before the United Nations
as "an attempt to veil his rejec-
tion of Soviet proposals for peace
Or Leave City'
BERLIN-(P)-The Berlin city
government told the quarreling
should get together on a Berlin
settlement or all get out of the
city and let the Germans run it.
Berliners looked to the United
Nations as a last desperate chance
for a peaceful settlement of the
east-west dispute over the block-
aded city, but most people felt
there was little hope.
The German press was almost
unanimously pessimistic that the
U.N. could succeed where direct
negotiations had failed. The Oom-
munist press claimed Berlin was
none of the United Nations' busi-
ness and warned its intervention
might wreck the world peace or-
The building of a Western Ger-
man government in the British,
French and American occupation
zones will be speeded as a counter-
thrust against the growing Soviet
pressure on Germany.
Petitions for the junior position
Heavy streams of campus-bound
traffic including many University
faculty members and not-so-many
student motorists will act as
guinea pigs tomorrow in an eight
hour traffic experiment.
The University's givers and
seekers of higher knowledge who
daily drive to school will be forced
to follow the leader from 8 a.m.
to 8 p.m. tomorrow in a "one-
way loop" rerouting the block
bordered by S. State, E. Liberty,
Maynard and E. William Streets.
When the eight hour traffic
Four-hundred combined rail-
road and game tickets to Michi-
gan-Minnesota football game, Os-
tober 23 in Minneapolis will go on
sale today from 8 a.m. to noon and
from 1-4 p.m. in front of Rm. 2,
Price of the combined tickets is
$36.50 and for the railroad tickets'
Reservations for the special
non-stop train will be taken this
week only at the booth.
Women students making the
trip have automatic permission,
but must fill out a special card'
when purchasing the ticket, giving
their expected address in Minne-
alieviation plan is unleashed at 8
a.m. tomorrok, it will eliminate all
but two stop streets at the busy
campus intersection often called a
* * *
A MOTORIST driving south on
State Street from the north and
intent on reaching the Michigan
Union area will turn right off
State onto Liberty, left onto May-
nard, left onto William and then
right onto State street to pro-
seed south again.
Olivet Strikers Continue
To Defy, Evictwon Order
(Special to The Daily)
Student strikers at Olivet college have defied an official utlina-
Im to move out of university dormitories and the battle of Olivet has
become a stalemate.
As The Daily went to press 50 of the 74 striking students who re-
fused to register were ordered to leave by the college officials had over-
stayed by 24 hours the zero hour before which they were to have va-
vated the dormitories.
THE 50 HAD ALL paid token fees to reserve rooms in the dormi-
tories, and maintained they had every right. to remain. Thus far Olivet
authorities made no eviction attempts. Twelve other students who.
had not paid token feed have left for home, it was learned.
"We are standing pat on our protest over the unwarranted
dismissal of Prof. and Mrs. Akeley," John Vanderlind, chairman of
the Student Action Committee, told The Daily.
MEANWHILE OLIVET college officials are dispatching tele-
grams backed up by letters to the parents of the striking students
asking that their sons and daughters be recalled for improper regis-
Registration for fall rushing
will reopen from 3-5 p.m. to-
day on the third floor of the
Union, according to Jim Ely,
SPREAD THE WORD
Foreign Students Promote
Understanding --- Colligan
By PHYLLIS KULICK
"Foreign students are better propagandists of American ideals
when they return to their native lands than any other medium of
Dr. Francis J. Colligan, Chief of the Division of International Ex-
change of Persons, Department of State welcomed newly arrived for-
eign students with these words last night at the Tenth Anniversary
Celebration of International Center.
'VICKIE' G;ETS NEW LOOK:
Coeds Take Over Men's Dormitory
There's a "new look" at Victor
Vaughn House this fall.
Some 185 women have taken
over the former men's dorm and
have even renamed it "Vickie
Vaughn." They like the place fine,
Closets in the dorm were built
for men's suits, Vaughan-ites
say. There're neither long
enough nor wide enough for a
University woman's wardrobe.
belt and ribbon hangers, for one
thing. But it has its problems.
They still haven't figured what
to do with the electric razor
outlets in each room.