TIM MIC H IAN fDAILY
.a U . . . i . .. .. W .. " . , a I V L -.
F T1vfla'v aa iv~arnarulA 1OA l
And After ToJo?*
SO WE'VE CONVICTED TOJO and his ne-
farious associates. After almost three
years of presentation of evidence and count-
er evidence, the eleven prosecuting nations
have made official what was evident from
the very beginning - that the Japanese war
leaders were responsible for waging a war of
The record is nothing to be very proud
of since the only thing we have proved by
holding the trial is that we were the victor
When the trial started a little more than
a half year after Japan's surrender, the
world was filled with a hope that the
future offered something better than just
intervals of peace between wars. At that
time the trial made sense because, even
though the unprecedented arraignment of
the enemy's leaders in a court was not
based on previous concepts of internation-
al law, it was hoped that it would lay down
a pattern for the future.
The Allies completely muffed that op-
portunity. Instead of presenting a united
front against the Japanese, national differ-
ences manifested themselves as the months
dragged by and international tension mount-
ed. The absurdity of having a Soviet judge
and prosecutor participating in a trial which
was supposed to have determined the guilt
of the Japanese in starting a war and mis-
treating prisoners is as obvious to the man
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: AL BLUMROSEN
in the street in Tokyo as it is to any Amer..
ican. It was only after protracted argument
and the expenditure of several cablegrams
to Moscow that the Soviet prosecution, in the
final summation of their case, deigned to
include the United States and her allies, in
listing the victors over Japan.
When it is considered that, in a par-
oxysm of fear, we are prepping Japan for
the role of eventual ally in a war against
Russia, the significance of the trials pales.
It may be argued that the present and the
future are of far greater importance than
the past, but our failure in that past will
come back to haunt us.
Such personal shortcomings as marred the
trials, particularly Chief Prosecutor Keenan's
intent preoccupation with favorable propa-
ganda about Joseph Keenan, we can never
hope to do away with entirely. However,
there is a solution for ameliorating the sen-
seless national jealousies which have made
a mockery of the solemn proceedings at the
International Military Tribunal for the Fax
As long as national sovereignty bars the
way to an effective world order, we shall
continue to have farcical trials following
needless conflicts. It is only when the citi-
zens of our country convince our chosen
leaders that mankind's salvation lies in
banding together in a world government un-
der the Federalists' principles, that we shall
no longer find the need to hold trials over
the vanquished. It should be evident that
such an organization must come sooner or
later. Our duty to the future generations (if
there are to be any) requires us to demand
world federalism NOW. If Tojo's death will
drive home this fact, the trial will not have
been in vain.
11RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
OUR FOREIGN POLICY is based on the
doctrine that Russia means to destroy
us, if she can. And certainly her intentions
toward western capitalism are not, on the
whole, sympathetic, and it is probably a safe
guess that she does not prayzfor us very
Yet I wonder if we have not made a
mistake in basing the whole of our for-
eign policy on Russian ill-will. That is the
quite obvious base for a foreign policy,
certainly, and on it any draftsman of
normal intelligence could build such con-
structions as the Truman Doctrine, ERP,
etc. Once you accept the premise that the
leading fact is Russian ill-will toward the
West, you can go ahead and build your
science on it, the way geometers build ma-
jestically on the doctrine that parallel
lines can never meet, etc.
And yet there is such a thing as a non-
Euclidean' geometry, which has, in its own
way, been provocative and useful to the
world, even though it disdains some of Eu-
clid's assumptions. What I would like to
propose, if only on a speculative level, is a
kind of non-Euclidean foreign policy, based
on some other postulate than that the lead-
ing fact in our world is Russian ill-will
What then? What could we construct on
that basis, and how would that construction
differ from the standard geometry of the
State Department and of the convinced bi-
There is, as a matter of fact, more basis
for feeling that Russia cannot make war
upon us than for feeling that she can, and
in this muggy field of picking assumptions.
upon which to bottom one's thinking, the
one choice is quite as respectable, philo-
sophically, as the other.
And one of the first disclosures of our
proposed non-Euclidean foreign policy is
that we would suddenly find we had some
part of fifteen billion dollars to play with
each year that we do not now have, fifteen
billions being the amount now contemplated
for our annual arms expenditures. With fif-
teen billions a year, we could rehouse Amer-
ica, and rehousing America would certainly
be a smashing blow against world Commu-
nism-yet a fair blow, legal by every stan-
dard of sportsmanship and international
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corporation)
i- " J
"Don't Put Yourself To Too Much Trouble, Judge-
I've Got Another Appointment At The Capitol"
ettersto the Editor ..
M 4 $ .:tF}' V 43 '
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LDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
+ MUSIC +
At Hill Auditori um ,teresting piece, it is a good example of Pope's
SHidi r- --dictum that "the sound must seem an echo
Thor Johnson returned to Ann Arbor to to the sense." "Satan's Dance of Triumph,"
for instance, is grotesquely exultant; the
conduct the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra theme reminds one of a child's taunting
in an interesting and generally satisfactory chant, but the emphatic bass makes it im-
concert last night. pressively demonic.
The former Choral Union conductor led a The section that most showed the influ-
brisk rendition of Glinka's Overture to Rus- ence of English folk music, which is strong
slan and Ludmilla to start the evening, in Williams' work, was the last-"Galliard
Mozart's "Haffner" Symphony (No. 35), of the Sons of the Morning."
which followed, wasn't performed with the The orchestra, under Johnson's direction,
same assurance. Clear and vigorous play- gave the whole piece expertly effective per-
ing carried the first and final movements formance.
along very spiritedly. But in the contem- Following the intermission, they played
plative second movement, contrapuntal Midsummer Vigil by the modern Swedish
lines sometimes tended to become obscured composer Alfven, who seemed to be quite a
or too much subordinted to the rhythm; workmanlike composer in rather traditional
blending and balance occasionally didn't style. The concluding work was an orches-
seem quite right. On the whole, though, the tral suite from Strauss' Der Rosenkavalier,
Mozart symphony was given lively and sym- of which the waltzes particularly were per-"
pathetic realization. formed with sweeping spirit.
Job-A Masque for Dancing by Vaughan In general, the orchestra seemed more at
Williams, the next work on the program, home in brassy and highly rhythmic pas-
was in many ways the high point of the sages than in delicate counterpoint; this was
evening. It is based, the program notes point reflected in the program, which included
out, on William Blake's Illustrations of the more of the former than the latter. All in all,
Book of Job, and consists of a series of a highly successful evening.
dances with titles related to the story. An in- -Phil Dawson
MATTER OF FACT:
Someone Must Payr
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-One of the penalties of
President Truman's stirring victory is
that he must go on doing the dirty jobs of
government. And it now seems all too likely
that raising taxes is going to be the first
and foremost among these unpleasant tasks.
In fact, if the President pays his customary
attention to his expert advisers, he will ask
the Congress to raise something like the huge
total of five billion dollars of additional
Treasury and Budget officials are not
making any public statements on higher
taxes. Yet, as they point out privately, the
facts speak for themselves. It is worth'
noting that they would have spoken just
as loudly to Governor Thomas E. Dewey
as to President Truman. For the facts are
both simple and inescapable.
In this fiscal year the Truman-vetoed tax
cut will cost the government, according to
the estimates of the Council of Economic
Advisers, upwards of five billion dollars. As
a consequence, the Treasury will run into
the red by an estimated billion and a half
dollars. Every economist, from left to right,
agrees that such deficit financing in boom
times is economic insanity. And the hard
fact is that next year, unless the most im-
portant commitments of the United States
are to be briskly tossed into the ashcan, gov-
ernment expenditures are sure to be sharply
The chief areas of increase can be brief-
ly listed. The greatest increases derive, of
course, from fear of Soviet aggression. De-
fense spending, which now accounts for
about thirty percent of the load on the
taxpayers, will have to be boosted by an
absolute minimum of a billion dollars-
and the budget experts agree that if the
boost can be held to a billion a miracle will
have been achieved.
Irnt',hkc, nrld Chinn. Tt ic, 1w~vminrr ,4ilr,
the social security, housing, health and edu-
cation fields which, according to a prelimi-
nary estimate by the Council of Economic
Advisers, should cost about an extra half
billion dollars. Against all these increases,
only comparatively small savings, especially
in tax refunds and veterans' expenditures,
Inherent in both forms of increased taxa-
tion is the danger that business men will
angrily respond by cutting expansion and
other commitments to the bone, bringing
the specter of depression out of the wings,
to front and center stage. Yet the fact re-
mains that the vast bulk of government
spending is now essentially a response to
Soviet pressure. No one likes high taxes.
Yet it is difficult to see how very high taxes
can be avoided, unless this country is simply
to fold its hands in these menacing times
and hope for the best while failing to pre-
pare for the worst. If Governor Dewey
knew any other alternative to high taxes,
he never revealed it.
Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.
50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
The University of Chicago weekly ex-
pressed the following sentiments about the
Michigan Varsity: "Michigan plays like a lot
of tyros . . . disgustingly poor football .. -
game is slow and uneven ... complete lack
30 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Students at Indiana University had to
forego the pleasure of dating for a few
weekends as a preventative measure in com-
bating the influenza epidemic.
"Martha Cookies" unveiled their authentic
jazz band replete with banjos, ukes and saxo-
At the Michigan .. .
"THE LOVES OF CARMEN" with Rita
Hayworth and Glenn Ford.
DON'T LET the name fool you, folks-this
is not the Carmen of the opera, Carmen
Jones or any of the other Carmen characters.
Rita Hayworth simply looks good in gypsy
outfits and clicks a mean castinet, so they
whipped up some technicolor and tragedy
around these promising potentialities.
She's a spirited gal, she is, this Hay-
worth Carmen, and for several reels she
keeps busy vamping the men, kicking up
her most attractive heels and spitting on
and at numerous people who cross her
willful path. Glenn Ford is the naive
young Army officer who ruins his career
and sinks to almost animal level following
her siren song, but she doesn't return his
"the world is well lost for love."
It rolls off like a typical Spanish novel,
much of the mountain background and char-
acters therein looking like a holdover from
"For Whom the Bells Toll." Carmen flits
about the rocks with never a smudge, and
a fresh change for every moonrise in her
saddle bag, taking all eyes and most of the
picture, while Glenn gets any sympathy
that's kicking around for the various messes
he makes of things. It would be dramatic,
but Carmen is much too beautiful and head-
strong to come to anything but an untimely
end so they show her off for the necessary
reels before she throws in her rose.
At the State.. .
THE TIME OF YOUR LIFE, James Cag-
ney, William Bendix, Wayne Morris, and
IT'S AN OLD LAW: What goes down must
come up. And the quality of Ann Arbor
really climbed when the Cagney trio, William
Bendix and company went into a 'dive' on
Pacific St., 'Frisco, ad did what down-and-
outers do. Incidentally, if you are not already
familiar with William Saroyan's great play
(I can say that without fear of contradic-
tion) it is the story of how little people-
Kitty "Du Val," the forlorn, Kit, the well-
preserved renegade, and Tom, the simple
guy, come in and "Be themselves" in Nick's
joint. Along for the ride is Joe-Jimmy Cag-
ney-the angel who makes everything work
out just as it wouldn't in real life.
The movie, which faithfully follows the
play, except for decreasing emphasis on the
inexplicable "Arab" and a few others, im-
proves on the original by the camei'a's abil-
ity to switch the point of interest quickly
from one character to another and yet not
(Continued from Page 2)
Motion Picture: "The Story of
Palomar," (technicolor), 8 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. Admis-
sion without charge. Public wel-
Movie to be presented by Phi
Lambda Upsilon for chemists and
chemical engineers at 4:15 p.m.,
Rm. 1400 Chemistry Building.
Films "The Origin and Synthe-
sis of Plastics," "Catalysis," and
"The Story of Aviation Gasoline."
Tennis movies, sponsored by
Varsity Tennis Team. Slow-motion
and normal speed demonstration
and action pictures featuring Don
Budge, Bobby Riggs, and Alice
Marble. Showing time: 75 m.
Waterman Gymnasium, 8:30 p.m.
No admission fee.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Rehearsal of all chorus members
and principals, 7:15 p.m., Michi-
gan League. Room will be posted.
Graduate School Record Con-
cert will be held Tuesday rather
than Thursday this week because
of the Pinza recital. East Lounge,
Rackham Building, 7:45 p.m.
Haydn: Symphony No. 104 in D.
Major; Beecham, London Phil-
harmonic. Bartok: Quartet No. 2 in
A Minor, Op. 17; Budapest. Beeth-
oven: Sonata No. 21 in C Major,
Op. 53; Gieseking. Bach: Con-
certo No. 1 in D Minor; Fischer,
All graduateustudents invited:
Silence is requested.
Zeta Phi Eta, Speech Arts: Busi-
ness meeting, 4:15 p.m., Rm. 3209
Sigma Delta Chi: 7:30 p.m., Rm.
3K, Michigan Union. Convention
report will be given. Newspaper
judgment committees will be an-
Woverine Club: Meeting, 7:15
p.m., Michigan Union.
Association of Independent Men:
7 p.m., 3-C, Michigan Union.
"The Club Europa" sponsored
lecture and discussion on the ERP.
8-10 p.m., Rackham Assembly
Hall. Everyone invited.
Polonia Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., International Center. Prac-
tice Christmas carols. Students of
Polish descent invited.
Square Dance Group: 7:30 p.m.,
Understanding World Faiths
Seminar: 7:30 p.m., Lane Hall.
Christian Science Organization:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
I.Z.F.A.: General meeting, Tues.,
Nov. 16, Hillel Foundation. Mr.
Albert Elazar will speak on "Jew-
ish-Arab Problems." Everyone wel-
Women of the University Fac-
ulty: Supper meeting, 6:15 p.m.,
Hussey Room, Michigan League.
Asso. Dean Charles H. Peake will
speak on the academic counseling
program in the Literary College.
Bookshelf and Stage Section,
Faculty Women's Club: 2:45 p.m.,
home of Mrs. C. B. Slawson, 1415
Sigma Rho Tau: 7 p.m., Rm.
2084 E. Engineering Bldg. Topic
for discussion: "Project Speaking."
The University Concert Band
will begin its schedule of daily re-
hearsals Mon., Nov. 22, at 4:15
p.m. There will not be a rehearsal
this Wednesday evening.
Research Club: 8 p.m., Wed.,
Nov. 17. Rackham Amphitheatre.
Program: "Reforming Administra-
tive Procedure," Dean E. Blythe
Stason. "Vocabularies of Philip-
pine Negritos Considered from the
Standpoint of Language and
Race," Prof. Harley H. Bartlett.
English Journal Club: 7:45 p.m.,
Wed., Nov. 17, East Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Professor
Denkinger, of the Romance Lan-
guages Department, will discuss
"The French CriticalPosition on
th~e Problem of Poetry since the
end of the 19th Century."
Tau Beta Pi: Dinner meeting, 6
p.m., Thurs., Nov. 18, Michigan
Delta .Sigma Pi, Professional
Business Fraternity: Business
meeting, 8 p.m., Wed., Nov. 17. Be
prompt because pictures are to be
taken at 8 p.m. Pledges meet at
A.S.C.E., Student Chapter:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 17,
Rooms. 3KLMN, Michigan Union.
Mr. 0. A. Cuthbert, Engineer-Di-
rector, County Road Association
of Michigan, will speak on the
subject, "Highway Engineering."
Institute of Aeronautical Sci-
ences: 7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 17,
Rm. 1042 E. Engineering Bldg. Mr.
Donald Frey, Engineering Re-
search Institute, will speak on the
subject, "High Temperature Met-
Leta Cromwell of the American
Friends Service Committee will
speak at 4:30 p.m., Wed., in the
Fireplace Room, Lane Hall. Sub-
ject: "Unofficial Diplomats -
American and European Youth
Forge a New Order Together in
Europe." Potluck supper.
U. of M. Radio Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 18, Rm.
1084 E. Engineering Bldg. Pro-
gram: Tour of radio station
WHRV near Ypsilanti.
Modern Poetry Club: Wednes-
day, 7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 17, Rus-
sian Tearoom, Michigan League.
Discussion of W. H. Auden's latest
Young Democrats: Meeting,
Room 3-D Union, 7:30 p.m., Wed.,
Nov. 17. Professor Dawson will
speak on "YD and the Future."
United World Federalists: Gen-
eral Chapter meeting, Wed., 7:30
p.m., Henderson Room, Michigan
League. Agenda: Report from del-
egates to the UWF Nat'l. Conven-
United World Federalists: Ex-
ecutive Council Meeting, 7 p.m.,
Wed., Henderson Room, Michigan
League. Meeting before General
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer'ssignature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste " will not be published. The
editors"reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
THE OTHER NIGHT one of the
girls living at 1108 Hill Street
received her pin serenade fromthe
Sigma Chis. This is a tradition on
every campus where there are fra-
ternities-a tradition with solemn
meaning behind the beautiful
Our annex is across the street
from East Quad, and we are used
to a variety of rude noises, but
that night the conduct of some of
the residents of the Quad hit an
all time low. The beautiful rendi-
tion of the Sigma Chi songs was
marred by uncalled-for hooting,
jeering and howling frommany
windows of the Quad.
The singing of the fraternity
and our answering songs was not
meant to disturb anyone. On the
contrary, many intelligent people
enjoy beautifully stng music.
We hope that in the future, the
residents of East Quad will listen
politely to serenades, for it is in-
deed a shame that the ill-conduct
of a few can lower the public
opinion of the group as a whole.
* *i *
To the Editor:
WOULD ANY readers like to
correspond with an English
housewife with a view to exchang-
ing newspapers, etc.? I am very in-
terested in your country and would
like to know more about it, from
an ordinary housewife like myself.
Mrs. M. Tippen, 36 Wagstoffe
St., Middleton, Manchester,
* * *
To the Editor:
A TRAGEDY HAS occured.
What is the most famous
limb of American Society? The
leg, of our American girl? Always
where peoples of the world meet,
the American girl's legs are spoken
of as symbols of beauty. And who
should be more observant than
those future leaders of the world,
the men of Michigan.
Let me relate an experience.
The other day I strolled 'cross
campus in comfort. The sun was
shining (I have no proof of this
but my word). I happened to
glance down at the tips of my
shoes, and as my eyes began the
long journey upward, I first saw
the tragedy. A coed walked ahead
of me. Equipped with the new
look, her skirt drooped to within
ten inches of the ground. Her
soxs, of the 'Bobby' variety, were
stretched up to their maximum
length. Herein lies the tragedy-
fully exposed to my eyes were one
and 7/16 inches of pure legs. Is
this the American way? Is this
what our boys fought for? Sir,
there be but two alternatives:
Either down with the socks,
or . . . . . No longer shall the
men of Michigan suffer from this
tragedy. The time has come for
action. As our famous war time
hero said, "The leg shall return."
* * *
To the Editor:
I WISH TO RAISE an objection
to the opening sentence of an
editorial in last Saturday's Daily.
I quote: "An importation from Ox-
ford has provided the answer to
long standing student objections
to the Political Speakers ban."
The Forum Plan introduced by
Mr. Carson seems to be one good
method of debate, and I hope to
see it adopted on this campus. But
it does not represent any kind of
an answer to the Speakers Ban.
Last week I signed a petition,
circulated by the Committee to
Abolish the Ban which represents
many recognized student organiza-
tions. I signed the petition be-
cause it politely, but definitely re-
quests the Board of Regents to re-
peal that ban entirely, but does not
make any mention of an "alterna-
Since organizations which
should have the right to organize
political discussions are those
which are recognized by the Uni-
versity as responsible groups, and
since it is assumed that as stu-
dents of the University we are all
more or less intelligent and re-
sponsible individuals, any kind of
restriction of discussion, organ-
ized or spontaneous, cannot be jus-
tified on any grounds, especially
since it actually deprives such a
large student body of an education
No doubt students, individually
and in campus organizations, must
prove to the Regents that we are
responsible and intelligent enough
to engage in political discussion
and listen to political opinions.
If my memory serves me correctly,
any political discussion or speech
which was freely held on this cam-
pus was handled intelligently and
politely-at least during the al-
most three years I have been here.
I hope that the Student Legis-
lature will utilize our signatures,
rather than the Forum editorial,
when the time comes to present
our views to the Regents.
* * *
To the Editor:
BILL CARTER, in his letter pub-
lished Saturday, November 13,
states that he is going on trial by
proxy, with the twelve Communists
on trial in New York on charges
of plotting to overthrow the gov-
ernment of the United States by
force and violence. First, he refers
to the charge as a "vicious and
monstrous distortion." We will let
the jury decide that. As to the very
trial itself, he refers to it as a
"farcial trial." Evidence, please,
Mr. Carter! That is a serious
charge you are making.
He mentions that the fate of
these twelve men will be his fate,
reasoning that if those men are
convicted, then "liberals" like him-
self will also be condemned by in-
ference. We note the use of that
famed word "Fascism" whichwe
the people are supposedly threat-
ened with 'if we-through our
courts-attempt to protect our-
selves from a group of men against
whom the Grand Jury considers
sufficient evidence to have been
presented to warrant a trial.
He mentions that he, as a Com-
munist, is proud of the role of his
"party" in the history of this
country. Then, undoubtedly, he
considers Louis Budenz, former ed-
itor of The Daily Worker, a traitor
to the "liberalism" his party rep-
resents. Mr. Budenz left the party
when it became obvious to him
that the Communist Party was not
working for the advancement of
peace throughout the world, nor
the uniting of liberal forces, as
they so widely claim. He has spent
most of his life in this fight, in-
Now then, if an outstanding man
of Mr. Budenz' caliber leaves these
"liberals," Mr. Carter, what source
of information might you be us-
-Richard F. Schults, g
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A job, Swami? Somebody wants us
to make a Ghost appear for him?
Get out a press release to Life and the
Sunday supplements, Doc ... A communify
All iwant, O'Malley, is peace and quiet-