SAT46i $ NOVEM~BER 12,4194,.
THE MICIGAN DAILY
SCIENTISTS SEEK CURE:
Birth Losses Exceed Deaths by Disease
NEW YORK-(AP)-Each year in
this country nearly 150,000 babies
are born dead, or live only a few
Each year, by conservative esti-
mate, at least 400,000 women lose
their babies by miscarriage.
These are greater losses in hu-
man life than the annual toll
from heart disease, cancer, or any
other single disease. In most
cases, medical science doesn't
know why they occur, or how to
ANOTHER 300,000 children are
never even conceived, because one
out of every 10 couples in the
United States are sterile. Again
doctors don't know why, most of
the time, nor how to overcome it.
Research studies now are be-
ginning in a new program to
learn more about the reproduc-
tive process in humans. From, it
may come the knowledge to pre-
vent much of this waste of hu-
The program is directed by The
Committee on Human Reproduc-
tion of the National Reserch
Council. It was formed more than
a year ago under a contract with
the national committee on mater-
The Maternal Health Group
and the Planned Parenthood Fed-
eration of America are collabor-
ating in raising funds for the
research, with a minimum
$220,000 sought this year.
* * *
MUCH OF THE research will
seek to learn basic facts. It isn't
known, for example, exactly how
conception takes place, or how
long the female egg remains fer-
tilizable. The causes of sponta-
neous abortions aren't known, nor
what the chances are that parents
of one defective child will produce
another, nor why more males than
females are conceived.
About 30,000 premature babies
die each year. Prematurity is
"the ninth commonest cause of
death in America, and yet we
are completely in the dark as to
its causes." the committee says.
The cause and prevention of
miscarriages, it adds, milst be
sought "through the study of early
embryonic development, possibly
in the earliest stages when the
pregnancy is a single fertilized
* * *-
RESEARCH in the causes of
sterility will investigate glandular
secretions, the chemistry of male
germ cells, and perhaps the psy-
chology of married couples. Re-
search may be undertaken on
psychological factors that pro-
duce impotence in men and frigid-
ity in women.
Studies also are planned on
controlling fertility, and finding
4z * * * * * * * * * * *
safe and simple controls of con-
ception. This is important not
only in child spacing for health,
but also in dealing with over-
population in countries where
there isn't enough food.
The committee is composed of
14 scientists, including four biol-
ogists, one psychologist, a sociolo-
gist, an expert in public health,
and seven physicians representing
psychiatry, gynecology, obste -
trics, the reproductive disorders of
the male, and internal medicine.
For those who are bothered by
such questions as "what is bebop"?
or "what is the origin of jazz"?, a
solution has been found.
Sidney Finkelstein, author of
the newly published, Jazz, Peo-'
ple's Music, will speak at 8 p.m.,
tonight at the Farm Bureau, 407
He will discuss, in a lecture il-
lustrated with recordings of well
known jazz artists, the develop-
ment of jazz from the early blues
stage to the present-day "bebop."
Finklestein, who was the for-
mer music critic for the New York
Herald Tribune and book reviwer
for the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, is
being sponsored by the New World
His is the first in a series of cul-
tural forums to be presented.
Grant Alexander says: "You
can still get our complete
paint job for only $69.50."
BODY AND FENDER
WELDING of Any Kind
All Work Guaranteed
Knoll & Erwin
YOUR HUDSON DEALER
907 N. Main St. 2-3275
A ski program for anyone be-
tween four and ninety-four-in-
eluding trips and instruction-is
being offered by the Ann Arbor
Council of the American Youth
Hostels, Inc., in cooperation with
the Detroit Council.
Trips to snow-capped Northern
peaks and icy slopes will be made
every weekend beginning Christ-
mas week, weather permitting, and
several week-long tripseare slated
for the holiday week itself.
THOSE WHO WANT to partici-
pate in the trips and don't know
how to ski may benefit from the
"Dry Ski Course" now being of-
fered by the Detroit Youth Hostel
It includes instduction in all
phases of skiing and the show-
ing of motion pictures. Follow-
ing the course there will be prac-
tice ski sessions in local ski
areas under advanced skiers.
Selection and care of ski equip-
ment, basic maneuvers in skiing.
ski exercises, work of the National
Ski Patrol, first aid for skiers and
ski touring are included topics in
Classes are held Wednesday
nights in Detroit and the local
council arranges transportation.
Station WUOM will present a
recorded rebroadcast of Sundays
chamber music concert at 8:00
WUOM will also broadcast a
concert, featuring 17th and 18th
century music, to be given by the
University String Orchestra at
8:30 p.m. Wednesday.
QFv rH iECQRD
EAT WELL FOR LESS!
Customers Reluctant To Buy
Low Cost Nutritious Foods
Why worry about when you're going to find
time to do your banking? Take advantage of
our facilities and do your banking by mail.
Come in and consult us about any of your
ANN ARBon DANK
101 S. MAIN
330 S. STATE
by Everett Esch
"Yippee! I soloed!"
Why Not Start
Flying This Weekend?
Just $6 gets you in the
air for your first lesson.
By RALPH MATLAW t
One of the smaller record companies, Mercury, offers not only re-
cherche music in well designed albums, but also a new recording tech-g
nique. By placing a single microphone in front of the performing a
group the actual dynamic range of the music is reproduced. This proc- k
ess, at least in recording small ensembles, is eminently successful. The H
records issued by Mercury have high fidelity to the original sound and
instrumental balance, are unusually clear and have very little surface
noise. An additional advantage is the presence in several sets of the m
oboist Mitchell Miller, a consummate artist combining fine musician- s
ship with an almost unbelievably pure tone.H
MILLER RECORDED RALPH VAUGHN WILLIAMS' Concertot
for Oboe and Strings with the Saidenberg Little Symphony conductedb
by Daniel Saidenberg (Mercury Classics DM-7). In this comparatively
recent work, Vaughn Williams returns to his earlier highly person-
alized style based on English traditionals and folk-songs from the
Tudor period to Purcell. The harmonic progressions of the highly
vocal melodies result in a polyphony that seems odd at first, but is
actually obviated by the musical material, and lends it the same,
intensity found in the Variations on a Tallis Theme. .
** * *
THE CONCERTO OPENS with a Rondo Pastorale for which the t
oboe is extremely appropriate. The plaintive tone of the oboe in the v
meditative sections reinforces the bucolic aspect of the instrument and ~
permits maximum utilization of the introspective pastoral themes.
After the brief interlude of the Minuet and Musette, the Concerto
concludes with a Finale Scherzo, the longest developed section in the
,work. Here the solo improvisations contrast brilliantly with the con-
templative passages of the orchestra. Miller's playing is supported by
Saidenberg and the orchestra, who do not make the frequent mistake
of overintensifying the rich sonorities of Vaughn Williams' music
and thereby losing its true eloquence. On the sixth side of the set
there is a Pavane and a Gigue by the sixteenth century Spanish com-
poser Luis Milan.
Y * Y~
Mozart's Divertimento in D Major (K.251) for strings, oboe and
horns is recorded by the Dumbarton Oaks Festival Orchestra conduct-
ed by Alexander Schneider (Mercury Classics DM-4). The "orchestra"
consists of a string quartet, two horns and oboe used in a concertante
style. By pitting the solo oboe or solo strings against the rest of the
strings, and using the horns to gain tonal depths, an orchestral sound
results that seems impossible for so few instruments. Mozart wrote this
Divertimento to poke fun at French music which he considered pro-
vincial, but unfortunately he perpetrated the joke a little too skillfully.
Part of the enjoyment of listening to the Divertimeto-lies in catch-
ing the allusions to French music, but frequently, as in the opening
Alla Francese march, the music is too perfect as French music. When
the oboe isn't used as a solo instrument Mozart has fun at its expense,
making it sound awkward and harsh, because he thought the oboe to
be a French instrument. In addition there is an ingenious farce with
formal musical conventions in the fifth section. The performers cap-
ture the spirit and the wit of this piece, which is sufficiently whimsi-
cal to repay listening.
* * * *
IN ORDER TO EXTEND the OBOE repertoire, Arthur Benjamin
arranged four keyboard sonatas by Domenico Cimarosa into what he
calls the Concerto in C for Oboe and Strings. Again Miller is the
oboist with the Saidenberg group (Mercury Classics DM-6). The or-
chestration are extremely skillful, adding tonal color without obscur-
ing the keyboard complexity. The four sonatas are roughly styled to
fit the movements of a concerto, but each is an entity and the order is
actually not important. The even movements are sprightly and hu-
morous, the odd ones more thoughtful. The third movement, a plain-
tive Siciliana, is especially exquisite. The performance of this highly
entertaining music is brilliant, and the recording exceptionally lucid.
By MALCOLM RAPHAEL
It is too bad that America's only native art is generally misunder-
stood and unappreciated by those of her citizenry otherwise curious
and intelligent about aesthetic matters. Students and collectors of
jazz are constantly being approached by unitiated inquirers who ex-
pect them to define and illustrate the jazz form with one or two re-
cordings. These meetings are usually unsuccessful. After listening to a
"very rare Collector's-Item" and a couple of incomprehensible be-bop
records, the once-curious neophyte usually nods intelligently and dis-
misses jazz forever as "very interesting."
ONE COULD HARDLY HOPE to seriously interest a person in
classical music on the basis of Gregorian Chants and Hindemith. Like
classical music, jazz has a history and a taxonomy that must be un-
derstood before it can be genuinely appreciated-at least by adults.
Jazz isn't just be-bop, or blues, or boogie-woogie, or Dixieland, or
Duke Ellington, or Bix Beiderbecke. Jazz doesn't necessarily have to
be "spontaneously improvised, loud and fast, the sole property of
characters and adolescents, neurotic, or always associated with al-
cohol and reefers.
THERE IS AT LEAST ONE ASPECT of jazz that can be ap-
preciated by anyone who enjoys music. Jazz harmonies range from
the barbershop to atonality, its forms from 'I've Got Rhythm to
Duke Ellington's Black, Brown, And Beige Suite. Jazz performers may
be self-taught boot-blacks or Juillard graduates. Their tonal qualities
may be rough and unconventional, or, as in the case of Benny Good-
man, pure as the classical virtuoso.
The following records, grouped according to both chronological
and stylistic categories, may help some of the bewildered to find a
compatible area in jazz.
Lennie Tristano Album (Mercry Alb. 35) Piano, bass, guitar.
Bijou. Woody Herman (Co. 36861). Formal expansion. Latin and
Frustration. Bill Harris (Keynote). Unconventional instrumenta-
Bix and Tram (Columbia Hot Jazz Classic Album.)
Louis Armstrong Album. (Columbia Hot Jazz Series).
Kid Ory's Creole Jazz Band. (Co. Hot Jazz Series). Exuberant.
Post-glacial. Technical Virtuosity.
Art Tatum Piano Solos (Decca Album). Almost classical concep-
Caprice XXIV Pagannini. Benny Goodman (Co. 36411)
Basin St. Blues, Blues For Tommy. Sidney Bechet-J. C. Higgen-
(Blue Note 7)
*1 * *
Boogie Woogie Stomp. Meade Lux Lewis (Blue Note).
Pine Top's Boogie Woogie. Pine Top Smith (Brunswick Reissue
Bird Lore. Charlie Parker (Dial).
Mellow Mood. Dodo Marmarosa (Atomic). Hard to get, but worth
Many low cost foodstuffs are
waiting to combat the high cost
f living, but no one wants to buy
Such foods as dried milk, yeasts,
peanuts, and soy products have
reat potential nutritional values,
according to Miss Adelia Beeuw-
kes, assistant professor of Public
* * *
CUSTOMER resistence has kept
many commercial packages of
uch foods off the gocers' shelves.
However, bakeries and candy
manufacturers use large quanti-
ties of dried milk in producing
aked goods and confections.
"Many housewives feel they
are not baking the best cake
possible for their families if
they used a dried milk. But
they don't mind using some cake
mix which contains the pow-
dered milk," said Miss Beeuw-
is that water has been removed
from the dried milk, Miss Beeuw-
kes pointed out.
COSTS ARE CUT in storing and
transportation since dried milk
may be put up in smaller quanti-
"A depression may bring peo-
ple to accept dried milk and other
foods because of their lower sell-
ing prices. After all, the mud-
dled distribution of butter during
the war led to a general use of
margarine," said Miss Beeuwkes.
CHICAGO - The troublesome
cockroach has been on earth for
more than 280, million years.
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
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