THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURISDAY, NOVFiBMM- 4, 19491
itsv 4 flte
(Editor's Note is written by Managing Editor
RIGHT NOW, I don't feel at all capable
of explaining what happened Tuesday
Of course the election results could be the
people's demand for a domestic program of
action on housing, prices and civil liberties,
rather than an outline of empty promises for
lower taxes and higher unity. A demand for
ideas rather than efficiency.
But if I wanted to be particularly hope-
ful, I would suggest that the American
people were feeling for a middle road
between the "rightism" of Dewey and the
"leftism" of Wallace.
The election could have been America's
answer to the dilemma of extremes that is
facing the rest of the world: a way of saying
that a forced decision between Left and
Right is not necessary, that a real liberalism
must, and can be found.
* * *
1AM NOT SAYING that this was definitely
the motive behind Truman's election;
there are toomany other complicating fac-
tors, like America's feeling for the underdog,
Truman's whistle stop campaign, dislike for
the contempt of the American people shown
by Dewey in his refusal to discuss issues.
And anyway, the effective motive behind
the votes will be discovered only in the way
Truman and the new, vigorous Congress ac-
cept their mandate.
If the President interprets the vote as a
request for a new liberalism, if the Con-
gress acts by this premise, then no matter
what the varying angles behind the elec-
tion, that will be the motive that counts.
BUT BEFORE anything else, a deep apol-
ogy is owed not only to Truman, but to
the American people, who were just as vastly
underrated. Americans showed by voting
split tickets and by the men they chose, that
they were capable of voting for individual
men and issues and not just by marking a
big X at the top of a list.
There is new hope among the people I
have seen, Democrats, independents, and
even Wallacites and Republicans. For the
American people have spoken; and they
have said that America must keep moving
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
IN ONE OF THE greatest political upsets
in American history, Harry Truman has
been elected to the Presidency, an office to
which he originally succeeded by a mere
quirk of fate.
Mr. Truman will begin his first full
term in the White House at a time of
crisis which is probably as severe as any
which this country has ever experienced.
The nation has emerged from World War
II as the most powerful country in the
world, with commitments and responsi-
bilities which girdle the globe. Despite its
unmistakable prominence as a world pow-
er, the United States has so far been un-
able to find a satisfactory basis for per-
nanent peace in Europe and Asia, and it
is confronted with serious domestic prob-
lems in many fields.
The closeness of the popular vote indicates
that a great many Americans feel that Mr.
Truman has so far done little to solve the
post-war problems which have faced the
country. Some people might even lay the
blame for many of our difficulties upon the
shoulders of the rather unassuming man
from Missouri who has guided our affairs
for three years. However, it appears that
more Americans were willing to entrust these
affairs to Mr. Truman than to any of the
other candidates in the field.
Regardless of how they voted, the Amer-
THE FOLLOWING is a copy of a tele-
gram to The Daily from the New York
Herald Tribune Syndicate, which dis-
tributes the Alsop column:
Alsop Brothers prefer their crow fric-
asseed. Please kill column "Flying Dual
Control." Publish this as explanation of
omission if you choose.
ican people will expect real leadership
from President Truman. We may be as-
sured that they will not stand for any
government by the "Missouri Gang" or by
old military cronies. They will not stand
for the dictation of foreign policy by
cabinet officials who appear to have more
strength than the President. They will
expect the President himself to be the
guiding force in controlling the adminis-
Mr. Truman may find himself in a posi-
tion to exercise more effective control over
his subordinates than he has in the past, due
to the very nature of the victory which he
has won at the polls. It appears that the
President has won the election without the
solid support of his cabinet, his party, the
left-wingers, and the South. His labor sup-
port was much less noticeable than that
enjoyed by President Roosevelt.
Mr. Truman won the election ' on his
own, and should therefore not have to
bow to any segment of his party in mak-
ing his decisions. He will be free to make
future appointments to responsible posi-
tions on the basis of merit alone. This
situation surely justifies the hope that we
shall witness a marked improvement in
the President's relationships with his ad-
visors and appointed officials.
The entire future of America, and per-
haps of the world, depends largely on how
well Mr. Truman provides the sound lead-
ership which we expect. The United States
cannot take an effective part in world af-
fairs unless he does. All of us, regardless
of whom we may have favored prior to elec-
tion day, will have to join in the hope that
Harry Truman meets the challenge which
faces him as the world learns the results
of the 1948 Presidential election.
' '--No Mandate For Us"
Letters to the Editor...
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
A VC Farewell
To the Editor:
FRIENDS and members of cam-
pus AVC unable to attend the
last meeting may be interested in
a brief farewell message that I de-
livered in turning the chair over
to the new chairman, Robert Hol-
ston. Following are the remarks:
"Those disappointed in the out-
come of the struggle in AVO's-
campus chapter should take heart
in this news. A new liberal force
is slowly being developed on this
campus and elsewhere. It aims to
oppose the totalitarian extremes of
right and left, and to provide posi-
tive leadership in the direction of
political and economic democracy.
This force is based, not on power
politics but on the dynamics of
"Finally, to our friends in and
out of AVC, may I say: We'll be
May I say in addition to these'
remarks that friends of AVC will
await with interest the determina-
tion of the National Convention at
the end of November as to wheth-
er AVC is to become another
party-line political instrument or
an active, liberal veterans organ-
ization. This not being Czechoslo-
vakia, the outcome cannot long
remain in doubt.
-Everett W. Bovard, Jr.
4e * *
To the Editor: x
SHOULD LIKE to protest vig-
orously against the 'Ensian'9
use of Hitler's photograph as an
advertising medium in Sunday's
Daily. It was in extremely poor
taste and shows a surprising lack
of maturity of those responsible,
for its use. Hitler was indeed a
"noted" author-of the most in-
.famous crime in history, a man
who ruled and ruined Europe. It
is indeed a shame that the former
excellence of the 'Ensian's ad-
vertising policy has dropped. If an
attempt at humor was meant, it
-Helen G. Shap o.
To the Editor:
DON'T LIKE Notre Dame. I an;
a rabid Michigan follower, as
was my father before me. But I
don't like the vindictive, stupid
article by B. S. Brown on the Na-
tional Football Poll for this week.
I suggest that The Daily find a
"good sport" to write their articles.
Mr. Brown doesn't seem to see the
difference between cynical re-
marks about fickle sports writers
and petty abuse of another team,,
-John J. Duffy.
NIGHT EDITOR: DON McNEIL
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
CHIANG KAI-SHEK'S new military de-
feats punch several holes in the theory
that it is all right for us to give help to
reactionaries, so long as they will fight
Communism. What's wrong with this theory
is that reactionaries lose.
It is awkward and inconvenient that it
should be so, but it is so. And while it is
jaunty of us to say that we don't care
whether a foreign potentate whom we are
helping is reactionary or not, the people
on the spot do care. And it is on the spot
that the battles are fought, and that
armies either hold fast or go over to the
It is a pity, perhaps, that the people on
the spot will not share our indifference to
the question of whether the local government
is corrupt and autocratic. We have explained
that it does not matter, but for some reason
the explanation does not seem to carry. We
have, in effect, pointed out to the Chinese
peasants that it is not really important that
their government sweats them unmercifully,
and boils them to the bone between inflation
and taxes, but they don't seem to get it. They
persist in their illusion that the kind of
government they have and the kind of
lives they lead matter very much, even
though most of our Congressmen and com-
mentators have plainly said it isn't so.
In more than one case, the allies whom
we are so happy to have are leftovers
whom the Russians wouldn't touch with a
long pole, and yet the obvious fact that
it must mean something that nobody is
trying to take these choice partners away
from us, or win them over, seems to escape
We are going to have to change our ap-
proach, and realize it was a deceptive spring
which seemed to be dawning when, early this
year, we looked at each other, as if in sudden
awakening, and said gaily: "Why, it doesn't
matter what sort of ruler Chiang is!" That
is the kind of discovery one makes at mid-
night, when tired, and should forget by
morning. The truth is, it does matter, very
If we had unlimited men, and unlimited
money, and could blanket the world with
our force, we might, though only for a
limited time, get away with our new theory
to the effect that reaction doesn't matter.
Since we do not have unending resources,
and since we must depend, upon political
factors, we had better stop babbling about
thins~ rnt ma~tterinx.
WHILE EVERYONE is still trying to catch
their breath over the Truman victory,
and while the commentators are still com-
menting on all the unique features of this
election, it is well to point out perhaps the
most significant feature of them all-the
public opinion polls.
Not that these political prognostications
were scientific or accurate-they were
anything but that. However, this is just
where their significance begins, for per-
haps never before has a single communi-
cation device so completely changed the
course of an election.
The public opinion polls in this election
had a sort of paradoxical, reverse effect on
the voter and the candidates, such as might
be best compared with the delicate morale
of a great football team just before a game.
In football, it is almost axiomatic that a
team's coach make every attempt to con-
vince the players that they will have to fight
for their lives in order to win their next
game, such as Mr. Crisler did so successfully
last year. If the coach gives a good talk, his
team will be alert and precise when they
hit the field.
It is too bad for Mr. Dewey's sake that
he didn't have a Crisler coaching him. For
Mr. Dewey committed the cardinal sin of
good football, and apparently good poli-
tics, during his campaign-overconfidence.
And this overconfidence was due to faith
in that twentieth century scientific star-
gazer-the poll taker.
Briefly, the results of these "sleeping
polls," as Mr. Truman called them, are as
1. The polls' prediction of an easy victory
for Dewey in the presidential race led a
number of Republicans to the assumption
that Dewey would win anyway, and there-
fore the election had no more significance
to them than an off-year contest.
To be sure, the high votes indicate that
not too many stayed home for this reason,
but a glance at the returns will also show
that a few thousand more votes in a few
key states would have brought victory.
2. Dewey's assumption of a presidential
election snap prompted him to concentrate
on helping out local Republican senatorial
and congressional candidates-whether con-
servative or liberal-which made him appear
inconsistent to the independent voter.
3. This overconfidence also influenced
him to speak in glowing generalities
throughout his entire campaign, which
left the farm bloc and other normally Re-
publican groups doubtful as to whether he
was for them or against them. Truman's
positive stand at least left no doubt in
these and independent voters minds.
And so we can bid a fond adieu to the
Dewey football team as it limps off the field
to the already overcrowded dressing room
of "has beens." The more respectable back-
field of Dewey and Warren may patch up
their wounds, and try again. Many of the
more reactionary linemen, such as Sen. C.
Wayland Brooks, will probably be carried
off the field for the last time:
With the sympathetic tolerance of a
Michigan home crowd watching another
vanquished eleven traipse off the field, we
now say good-bye to the would-be star
quarterbacks of 1948. And we would also
suggest that they polish up on a few plain
fundamentals of the game before the next
clash in 1952.
-Russell B. Clanahan
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive noticeto all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the Present, Room 1021
Angell Aall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Satur-
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1948
VOL. LIX, No. 38
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:
Midsemester reports are due not
later than Fri., Nov. 12.
Report cards are being distrib-
uted to all departmental offices.
Green cards are being provided
for freshmen and sophomores and
white cards for reporting juniors
and seniors. Reports of freshmen
and sophomores should be sent to
108 Mason Hall; those of juniors'
and seniors to 1220 Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should
name those students, freshmen,
sophomores, and upperclassmen,
whose standing at midsemester is
"D" or "E", not mci-ely those who
receive "D" or "E" in so-called
Students electing our urAf s.
but registered it not her schools or
colleges of the University shoul(
ba reported to the school or col-
lege in which they are registered.
Additional cards may be had
at 108 Mason Hall or at 1220 An-
Fraternity and sorority presi-
dents are reminded that monthly
membership reports for October
are due on or before Nov. 5 in the
Office of Student Affairs.
Choral Union Members whose
attendance records are clear will
please call for their courtesy
passes admitting to the Cleveland
Orchestra concert Sunday eve-
ning at 7 o'clock, at the offices of
the University MusiCal Society in
Burton Memorial' Tower, between
the hours of 9:30 and 11:30 and 1
to 4, on Friday, November 5. No
passes will be issued after this
Women students living in League
Ilouses: Room and board pay-
ments for the second half of the
fall semester are due to the house-
mother on Nov. 12.
Teacher's Certificate Candidates
for February: A list of candidates
has been posted oil tie bulletin
board in Rmn. 1431 University Ele-
mentary School. Any prospective
candidate whose name does not
appear on this list should call at
the office of the Recorder of the
School of Education, Ri. 11:37
All Seniors who wish to run for
class office in the School of Edu-
cation register in the Office of the
Dean before Wed., Nov. 10.
Civil Service Announcements
for Public Health Nurses, Health
Sanitarians and Health Engineers
for the State of Washington are
now available at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Mr. John Alexander Pope, As-
sistant Director of the Freer Gal-
lery of Art of the Smithsonian In-
stitution, Washington, D. C., will
lecture on the subject, "The
Growth of Interest in Chinese
Ceramics in Europe and the Final
Refinements of Porcelain Manu-
facture in Ch'ing Times"' (illus-
trated), 4:15 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 4,
Kellogg Auditorium; auspices of
the Department of Fine Arts. The
public is invited.
University Lectures in Journal-
ism, sponsored by the Department
of Journalism: Gurney Williams,
associate editor of Collier's Week-
ly, will speak on "The Advtntures
ot a humorist" at:3 p~m.. Fli., Nov.
5, Rm. E, Haven Hall. He will lec-
ture before the classes in "Ameri-
can Newspaper" and "Newspaper
Problems!" Other journalism con-
centrates and interested Univer-
sity students are invited to attend.
Coffee hour will follow.
Lecture: Professor Anibal San-
chez Reulet, former Dean of the
Faculty of Philosophy and Letters
at the National University of Tu-
cuman, Argentina, and now di-
rector of philosophical studies at
the Panamerican Union in Wash-
ington, D.C., will lecture on the
subject, "Las ideas filosoficas en
Hlispanoanrica," at 8 p.m., Fri.,
Nov. 5, Raekhan Amphitheatre;
auspices ot ie Department of
Romance Languages and the So-
Biological Chemistry: Seminar,
4 p.m., Fri., Nov. 5, Rm. 319 W.
Medical Bldg. Subject: "Enzymes
as Tools in Analytical Chemistry
of Biological Products." All inter-
ested are invited.
Carillon Recital: by Professor
Percival Price, 7:15 p.m., Thurs.,
Nov. 4: War March of the Priests,
Andante, Pilgrims' March by Men-
delssoln; A Little Study, Air for
Percival Price, Four Miniatures,
Andante Cantabile by J. W. Gor-
dol; fve spirituals, and Waltz
(Serenade for Strings) by Tchai-
Student Recital: William Mac-
Gowan, Organist, will be heard at
8:30 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 4, Hill Au-
ditorium, in a program presented
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music. Formerly a pu-
pil of Palmer-Christian, Mr. Mac-
Go wan is now studying with Fed-
erick Marriott, Visiting Professor
of Organ. His program will in-
clude compositions by Purcell,
Bach, Haydn, Franck, Karg-Elert,
Mulet and Dupre, and will be open
to the general public.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: Contemporary-Paintings
from the Albright Art Gallery.
Nov. 4-24, Daily, 9 a.m.-5 p.m.;
Sundays, 2-5 p.m. The public is
Michigan on Canvas, Rackham
Galleries, through Nov. 11, daily
except Sundays, 10 a.m. to 10
p.m. The public is invited.
Tau Beta Pi: Dinner meeting, 6
Rm. 4208 Angell Hall. Every mem-
ber is urged to attend.
Association of Interns and Med-
ical Students: 7:30 p.m., N.P.I.
Amphitheatre, University Hospi-
tal Sub-basement. Members and
non-members are invited to hear
the lecture illustrated by Dr. John
W. Henderson, "Surgical Opera-
tions on the Eye." Short business
meeting for members following
Political Science Graduate Stu-
dents: Round Table, 7:30 p.m.,
Rackham Assembly Hall. Wives of
students and of faculty members
are invited. Discussion of the Ber-
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, Michigan League.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Meeting of all the chorus and
principals, 7:15 p.m., Michigan
League. The room will be posted.
Graduate School Record Con-
cert: 7:45 p.m., East Lounge,
Rackham Bldg. BACH: Sonata in
E; Landowska, Harpsichord, Me-
cond. by Boulanger.
BEETHOVEN: 13th Quartet in
B Flat, Op. 130; Budapest.
MOZART: Piano Concerto in
A Major, K488; Curzon and Na-
tional Symphony Orchestra, cond.
All graduate students invited;
International Center weekly tea
for all foreign students and their
American friends. 4:30-6 p.m.,
International Center. Hostesses:
Mrs. Charles L. Stevenson and
Mrs. Franklin M. Thompson.
Student-Faculty Hour: Grand
Rapids Room, Michigan League.
Romance Languages department
will be guests this week. Co-spon-
sored by Assembly and Pan-hel-
Alpha Phi Omega, Service Fra-
ternity: General meeting and
nominations, 7 p.m.
Prof. R. C. Angell, Sociology Dept.;
and Prof. P. A. Throop, History
Moderator: Chester Byrns. Pro-
ponents and opponents of world
government are invited to attend;;
Joint meeting with members of
the UN Intercollegiate Council.
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:36
p.m., Nov. 5, Michigan League
Coke Bar. All students and fac7
ulty members invited.
Hawaii Club: Meeting 7 p.m:.
Fri., Nov. 5, Rm. 3-B, Michigah
Tryouts for the German Play:
3-6 p.m., Fri., Nov. 5, 204 Univer-
Presbyterians and Methodists~
Hard Times Party, 8-11:30 p.m.,
Fri., Nov. 5. Meeting ground floor
recreation hall at Presbyterian
party, 8:30 p.m.,
Silence Is Silver...
THIS ELECTION seems in some mysterious
way to have revived a characteristic of
the Roosevelt administrations that we al-
ways thought was particularly valuable.
Roosevelt apparently felt that the Presi-
dent is not only policy-maker and adminis-
trator, but also chief educator to the na-
Since his death, American politics has
lacked the kind of direct communication
between politician and citizen that was
exemplified in the Fireside Chat.
He must have realized the American vot-
er's crucial need to know what the govern-
ment is doing, and why-and to have it
explained in words that mean something
to him. This was Roosevelt's great gift, and
he used it.
During the depression, he set forth
simply and directly what the major gov-
ernmental problems were and what was
being done about them. Roosevelt's war
speeches were somewhat more inspira-
tional, but they were also informative in
precisely the way that most government
bulletins are not.
Whether or not his policies were always
good policies, they were clearly presented to
the public for evaluation.
When prosaic Harry S. Truman moved
into the White House, this spark died.
Talking things over as man-to-man, the
basis of citizen participation in govern-
ment, became a lost art.
There has been no one on the national
scene since then who has had Roosevelt's
genius for getting in touch with plain cit-
In this election, the voters haven't been
hearing from Truman the kind of speeches
they would have heard from Roosevelt. This
year they've heard about an 80th Congress
composed largely of Republican blackguards
-a blunt attack on "reactionaries," not the
same thing at all as Roosevelt's customary
subtle combination of humor and veiled
In spite of that difference, the 1948
election has been a "grass roots" election
in which ordinary citizens have gotten in
touch with their President.
They've rejected the candidate who had
nothing to say, and elected the candidate
who communicated, however, imperfectly,
some sense of the urgency of the issues.
U. of M.
Rifle Club: Firing, 7-
ROTC rifle range.
.be try-outs for the
U. of M. Radio Club: Meeting
7:30 p.m., Rm. 1084 E. Engineer-
ing Bldg. A complete 7Mc 200
watt transmitter will be displayed
Committee on Intercultural Dis-
cussion: 7:30 p.m., Lane Hall
Social Action Dept. Meeting: 1
p.m., Lane Hall lounge.
United World Federalists:
Roundtable on World Federation,
7:30 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 4, Michi-
Subject: Role of Nationalism in
World Government. Participants:I
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Murray Grant...........Sports Editor
Bud Wedenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ...Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery........Women's Editor
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Cole Christian ....Circulation Manager
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50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Northwestern University announced the
inauguration of a course on the art of getting
married. The course would deal solely with
the marriage ceremony it was cautiously
explained. "Love making will not be included
for at a coed institution the students can
take care of that part of it themselves," the
Zeta Phi Eta, Speech
Business meeting 4:15
a big fire! Skillful work, eh?
Just that littler
can of gasoline-
But, say! This fireplace
smokes a bit. We want.
Mr. Merrie comfortable-
Traditional accomplishments of all good Pixies,
making chimneys draw well.... If-Ah!-here's the
method! In my Fairy Godfather's Handy Pocket'
Guide. "Tie a rock on the end of a clothesline-"