""HE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY. APRIL 25. MR
T H W .A A r -Z )A P H 9 0 3
Up to You
THE UNION'S constitutional amendment
meeting tomorrow may very possibly be
the first step in a reduction of taproom
For months, now, several thousand bitter
critics of the Union have been runnink about
campus, demanding some kind of action
that would lower disproportionate prices in
the Union's cafeteria, or at least improve
the quality of the food. But till recently,
nothing had been done.
Then, with the food problem and the
defective mechanism of Union elections
in mind, over 200 students signed peti-
tions asking for constitutional changes
that would give students a greater voice
on the Finance Committee and in the
choice of student officers.
And tomorrow, at 7:30 p.m. in the Union
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
ire written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: HAROLD JACKSON
Ballroom, the proposed changes will be put
to a vote. One of the amendments would
make the senior student vice-president of
the Union a member of the Finance Com-
mittee. Under the present setup, there is
only one student on that committee, and
he has no vote. Another proposal would in-
crease the number of vice-presidents from
six to seven. This means that students
would have a greater say in determining the
membership of the Board of Directors,
which decides upon all Union policies.
So the ball has been set rolling. There
is one detail, though, that could put an
abrupt end to the process of Union Im-
provement. It is this: At least 400 mem-
bers must attend tomorrow's meeting be-
fore action can be taken on any of the
Surely, among the several thousand pat-
rons of the Union and its 14,000 members,
there are 400 students who can see that if
something is to be done to strengthen the
voice of students in the running of the Un-
ion, it must be done now - tomorrow --
Liberals for Douglas
BOTH MISSOURI COMPROMISES hav-
ing ended in abject failure, a trend be-
gan among elements of the Democratic
party recently which culminated in the
Democrats for Douglas Clubs that began
springing up last week. The first of these
was formed in Ann Arbor and it was fol-
lowed closely by a Students for Douglas
There are good reasons for the Demo-
crats backing Justice William O. Doug-
las, of the Supreme Court. He is a liberal.
His attitude towards world peace and the
Communist problem is characterized by
neither the "complete confidence" which
Henry Wallace places in the moscovites
nor the hysterical red-baiting of the
other extreme among our politicians.
"We cannot export Democracy," Douglas
says, "for it is a way of life, a habit, a tra-
dition. Hence it cannot be acquired by pur-
chase or gift. But we can become teachers
of the democratic faith. If we make that
our course, the chances of our one world
becoming a democratic world (instead of a
Communist world as he is discussing) are
One of the outstanding jurists of our
day, Douglas is known for his liberalism
on the Supreme Court. He was appointed
to that position by President Roosevelt in
1939. He has a good knowledge of business
since he was a corporation lawyer with a
Wall Street law firm.
With Eisenhower, Douglas' name was
supported by the ADA at its recent new
York State convention for the nomination.
But perhaps his best recommendation, for
the Democrats is the fact that his name
was submitted to the 1944 Democratic Con-
vention by Roosevelt, along with Truman's.
Had not his name been withheld from that
meeting for fear that he was too liberal for
Southern Democrats, Douglas might have
been our President today.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
There is an American issue concealed in
the Palestine issue, and it goes like this:
Our first task is to convince the world that
wherever we go, wherever we stand, there is
peace and there is bread. We must prove to
a dubious planet that ours is a touch that
heals, not one that wounds. And if in Pales-
tine, because of our confused motives and
our bungling and indecision, we promote
disorder instead of order, war instead of
peace, hunger instead of prosperity, the
world will take that as a sample of what we
have to offer and will draw far-reaching
and unpleasant conclusions.
It is as simple as that. Where are we,
who consider ourselves the hub of half a
planet, going to prove that ours is a healing
and enriching touch? We must prove it
where the issue is; not in Shangri-la, not
on some enchanted hill under a silver moon,
not on a field selected by ourselves, but in
Palestine, where the issue is.
And the world will not let us off be-
cause there are both Arabs and Jews in
Palestine, and because they have conflict-
ing desires. Those who profess leader-
ship are not allowed to plead difficulty;
only those who abdicate are allowed to
make such a plea.
And when the American representative
says, as Mr. Austin said the other day to the
Political and Security Committee of the
General Assembly, that we ought to halt
Arab violence and also that we must lay
aside the partition plan because it has met
with violence, he does not increase respect
for us very much. For what he really does is
surrender to Arab violence in the same
speech in which he declares that we must
put a stop to it, or to some of it. If we are*
going to command the admiration of the
world, we must at least stand still long
enough in one spot for it to be able to plant
its respectful gaze upon us.
Nor does our representative make mat-
ters better by scolding both the Arabs and
the Jews. This kind of "fairness" fetches a
low price in the world markets. The world is
not going to look to us for leadership be-
cause we happen to show a gift for moral-
izing. It wants solutions from us, not what
are, in effect, drob little editorials. It wants
us to solve problems, not describe and dis-
cuss them. The world knows how hard the
problem is. What it wants to know from us
is if we're up to it, if we can provide an ans-
wer. It wants a sample of the healing touch.
And, last November, we had an answer,
partition. We won a two-thirds majority
in the General Assembly, and the support
of the Soviet Union. There was hope last
November, and it made November warm.
And it is not from the viewpoint of the
Jews, or the Arabs, or of anybody or any-
thing except the viewpoint of what will
happen $o our worldleadership that we
must look atthe very different picture we
There we stand, before the General As-
sembly, earnestly begging it to lay aside
our own plan; the leader, appalled at how
far he has led the forces of peace, urging
them now to turn and retreat. Then, per-I
haps dismayed by our own reversal, we even
offer to use force to support a meaningless
trusteeship-we offer, in other words, to
spend as much to cover a withdrawal as
might have paid for in advance. How much
do we lose, in world terms, by taking these
contradictory and confused positions, and
can any amount of oil make up for the loss?
That is why one is compelled to say
there is an American issue wropped up in
the Palestine issue, and that is one of a
desperate and general importance.
IT SO HAPPENS]
I . Fast A ns',---
MATTER OF FACT:
Ambassador's Tan trunm
"No, as a matter of fact, my roots are too deep at Michigan.
And besides-money isn't everything!'"
News f theW eek
Sunday and Monday were rainy days in Italy but the voters turned
out an overwhelming victory for the Christian Democrats at the polls
-307 of 574 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 130 of 237 seats in
The Communists also got an unexpected setback at weeks-end when
the left-wing socialists decided to bolt the Front and support the ERP-.
* * * * .
UNITED NATIONS - - -
American efforts to end the fighting in Palestine made little head-
way during the week, but the UN Security Council set up a three-
nation truce commission to supervise the council's cease-fire order
which has been ignored until now.
* * * *
Production in the nation's coal mines approached normal at the end
of the week as a growing hoard of miners accepted the back to work
order of their leader John L. Lewis, and obeyed an 80-day Taft-
Hartley Act injunction..
Leading up to the back to work movement was a $20,000 fine on
Lewis and $1,400,000 on the UMW imposed by Federal Judge T. Alan
Goldsborough. The judge decided against a jail sentence for Lewis.
Elsewhere in labor, the U.S. Steel Corporation rejected a CIO United
Steelworkers demand for a wage increase, preferring to slash prices
for a wide range of steel products. CIO leader Philip Murray said the
steelworkers would stick to their two-year no-strike contract.
* * * *
Both houses continued defense hearings. Thc Senate heard Defense
Secretary Forrestal recommend a sixty-six group Air Force to head
off a House vote for seventy groups. Forrestal also gave his approval
to a proposal by Senators Baldwin (R.-Mass.) and Tydings (D.-Md.)
which would combine the draft and UMT.
The Senate also passed and sent to the House the Taft-Ellender-
Wagner Bill to create a long range national housing policy The con-
troversial public housing provisions were retained.
*. *: * *
Civil Libertiesi.r.n o s
The Supreme Court smashed the South Carolina plan to keep Ne-
groes from voting in Democratic primaries by refusing to review lower-
court rulings. A Circuit Court of Appeals last December held illegal the
machinery permitting the party to act as a "private club."
* * * *
Grant Reynolds, a Negro office-holder in New York, told the House
Armed Service Committee that a campaign was underway against
"any Jim Crow draft or universal military training law."
* * * *
LOCAL . . .
Michigan State College senior, James Zarichny, was threatened with
a contempt charge against the state Senate and told he might not get
his diploma, when he refused Wednesday to tell Senator Callahan's
Committee on. Un-American Activities whether or not he was a
member of the Communist Party.
Friday, the Attorney General's Office decided that the Senate could
penalize a witness who refused to answer "proper" questions by jailing
him until the end of the legislative session. The current session is
due to expire May 21.
The Michigan Committee for Academic Freedom called a reorgani-
zation meeting, reconsidered its earlier decision and censured in "es-
sence" the academic freedom violations in Czechoslovakia, and readied
a campus rally for this Wednesday to acquaint students with all vio-
lations of their rights.
* * * *a
By weeks end the volleying between the Athletic department and the
student body, over the twenty-five cent charge on tennis courts had
reached major proportions.1
Fritz Crisler called the plan a levy in behalf of student interests, but
agreed Friday to submit an alternative system "The Daily Plan," a
three point program, to the Athletic board.1
Democratic dark-horse, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas
was given a boost this week, when Ann Arbor business men and faculty
members formed the first "Democrats for Douglas" club. The action
was followed on the campus by formation of a student Committee
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory characteror such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve tie privilege of con-
* . *
Dance ((nil Igb1ij11
To the Editor:
UP TO THE PRESENT time I
have always felt that "The
Michigan Daily" has presented
the happenings on the campus in
a fair and unbiased manner.
However, I feel that I must pro-
test your handling of the Slide
Rule Ball story that appeared in
the Daily on April 20. In that.
story you attributed statements
to me which I had never made.
When your reporter asked me
how we would come out finan-
cially. I infomed him that sv-
eral of our larger bills would not
be in for two or three months,
but with luck weimight break
even. Somewhere in the process
this got twisted into the state-
ment that we were "falling flat
on our financial faces."
Nowhere in the story did you
mention that the dance itself was-
a success and that those who at-
tended had a good time.
Inkall fairness to those who
worked so hard on the dance, I
feel that you should correct the
impression that your article cre-
--C. Phillip Stemmer, chairman
of the Slide Rule Ball Committee
To the Editors:
THE MICHIGAN DAILY report-
er, Art Higbee and his night
editors Ben Zwerling and Fred
Schott seem to think that their
assumption of the number of
tickets sold, alone determine the
success of an IM dance.
I have received many sincere
and enthusiastic comments of the
success of "Heart Bid." Every-
one who was there knows that
Ted Weems orchestra was a plea-
sure to dance to and the decora-
tions covered up the usually
"barn-ish" IM. This is a great
deal more than can be usually
said for most IM dances.
If Heart-Bid has made the re-
quirements of its budget and
everyone had a good time, As-
sembly Ball 1948 was a success.
Higbee "quoted" a statement
of mine made on Tuesday, April
17, saying that we would prob-
ably finish in the red. Our ticket
sale competition had not then
ended. Ticket sales from the large
dorms were not in. Higbee had
no figures whatsoever on which
to base his statements. Further-
more, he had no idea of the bud-
get under which we were oper-
ating or how much we were saving
on that budget.
I talked to Art Higbee and his
night editors before this so-called
"news story" was run. They ask-
ed me for figures from the dance.
Our bills were not in - they still
are not in. I 'had no figures to
give them. But since "no news is
good news" they printed a story
using the facts which they had--
which was absolutely none-back-
ed by no figures and no informa-
-Nadine M. Literaty, chairman
of "Heart-Bid", Assembly Ball, '48
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The story did not
say that the dances were falling flat
financially, but that "it looked as if
they had come dangerously close"
to doing so. Neither dance chairman
was willing to give any facts and
figures to the contrary. As for the
statements attributed in the story to
Mr. Stemmer and Miss iteraty,
readers may be assured that they
were not made up.)
* * *.
To the Editor:
EVER FEEL that students don't,
have much voice in the Un-
ion? As a member of the Board
of Directors I have found that
attitude prevailing among many
Michigan Union members.
While I have found some justi-
fication for that attitude I have
found too that students can have
a voice in the Union if they are,
To give the students more voice,
three amendments to the consti-
tution have been placed by peti-
tion on -the agenda of the mem-
bership meeting tomorrow night.
Ours president and recording
secretary are students. At present,
they are selected by a committee
of three student vice-presidents
and four non-students. One;
amendment will reverse that ra-
tio: four students, three non-stu-
The two students on the seven-
man Finance Committee are the
two officers - who are not di-
rectly elected by the student body.
Another amendment would add
the senior vice-president to the
The third amendtnent would
add two students to the appoint-
ments committee which is sole-
ly responsible for the appointment
of members to other conmittees.
Present ratio: two students, three
The fourth proposal on Mon-
day's agenda has been approved
by the Board. It reapportions the
vice-presidencies more equitably
among the schools.
These are not revolutionary
ideas. Yet they are constructive
steps which we can take to give
students the stronger and more
effective voice in the Union to
which they are entitled.
It'll take 400 members present
tomorrow to pass these amend-
ments. The time is 7:30. The re-
sponsibility is yours.
(allahan Cant o nitee
To the Editor:
CALIFORNIA has its Tenney;
we have our Callahan. It's
now a race to see which can go
the fastest to earn the name of
100 per cent American.
These state committees are
nothing less than extensions of
the Thomas-Rankin Committee
in Washington. Each of them
serves exactly the same interests,
the same end, varying slightly in
method or procedure. In fact, the
only thing lacking in the Calla-
han investigation of Jim Zarich-
ny of Michigan State College were
kleig lights and motion picture
stars. Each of them has set itself
a goal of intimidating every indi-
vidual who is a critic of American
foreign policy as it is being prac-
ticed by the present bi-partisan
Administration, a policy which
holds dollars over lives.
The greatest threat of the Cal-
lahan Committee and its un-
American methods is not to indi-
viduals as Jim Zarichny but to
the educational system in Mich-
igan. What a travesty upon Amer-
ican traditions of freedom of in-
quiry and judgment when a cheap
politician can dictate how a man
shall think or believe!
Any student who has a desire
to seek out the truth and to come
to his own conclusions; any fac-
ulty member who desires to teach
the truth must speak up today for
the abolition of this committee
which has set itself up as the ar-
biter of what is right and wrong
thinking in the State of Michigan.
CP of Michigan.
Letters to the Editor...
By JOSEPH ALSOP
TrHE HAPPY OUTCOME of the Italian
election has done little to lessen the ex-
treme nervous tension of the,*oliey making
groups in Washington and other friendly
capitals. The explanation of this and other
recent, seemingly mysterious phenomena is
all too simple. Highly placed representa-
tives of the Soviet Union have lately begun
to threaten naked acts of aggression.
A little more than a fortnight ago in Te-
heran, for example, the Soviet Ambassador
to Iran, Sadchikov, succumbed to what can
only be described as a calculated tantrum,:
Sadchikov .was almost certainly sent to the
Persian capitol in the first instance because
his knack for roaring out menaces was con-
sidered likely to intimidate the members of
the Iranian government, which he has re-
peatedly tried to do. In the present in-
stance, however, his chosen victim was a
This wholly inoffensive individual,
whose country has not the remotest part
in the Soviet quarrel with Iran, was treat-
ed to a tirade calculated to turn any nor-
mal Ambassador pea-green with horror.
Sadchikov's theme was the come-uppance
in store for the wretched Iranians, who were
cooperating with the American imperialists
and obstructing the glorious onward march
of the people's democracy.
Sadchikov said flatly that Soviet forces
would shortly invade Iran. He dwelt at
some length on the strength of the Red
Army units now poised on the Iranian
frontier. He predicted that the occupation
of Iran would be a very easy business. And
he hinted that when Iran had been suc-
cessfully occupied, those who had unwisely
opposed the Kremlin's wishes would learn
to regret what they had done.
Not even the diplomacy of Adolf Hitler
shows any parallel for this incredible epi-
sode. Yet there was another roughly simi-
lar episode, involving another Soviet dip-
lomat whose name cannot be disclosed,
shortly prior to the rape of Czechoslova-
kia. This episode was the explanation of
the violent fit of nerves in Scandinavia
and of President Truman's and Secretary
Marshall's warnings of danger to Scandi-
nayia, which coincided with the Czech
In this case also, the Soviet diplomat in-
volved selected a colleague not directly im-
plicated as the recipient of his confidences.
He began by predicting that the installation
of a people's demoracy at Prague would
take place shortly, by force if necessary.
He then expatiated on the sins of Scan-
dinavia and pretty plainly stated that Nor-
way and Denmark were next after Czecho-
slovakia on the Kremlin's list.
This obviously planned indiscretion be-
gan to cause the utmost alarm when the
first part of the forecast was confirmed
by the tragic events in Czechoslovakia.
The alarm was greatly intensified when
the five to seven Soviet divisions stationed
in the northern part of the Soviet German
zone held extensive landing maneuvers
on the Baltic, centering around Rostock,
which is extremely close to the easterly
border of Denmark.
Fortunately, most of the experts believe
that this Soviet bluster is more war-of-
nerves stuff, intended for the present only
to promote the chaos and insecurity the
Kremlin desires everywhere. But no one
can be sure. In the face-of these facts, and
of this terrible uncertainty, Congress con-
tinues to nibble at the E.R.P. appropriations
and to jib at providing the armed forces
with desperately needed manpower. This is
not mere fiddling while Rome burns. It is
playing political tiddly-winks with the des-
tiny of the United States of America.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune)
New Books at General Library
Hitrec, Joseph George-Son of the moon.
New York, Harper, 1948.
Holbrook, Stewart H.-The story of Ameri-
can railroads. New York, Crown, 1948.
Lewis, D. B. Wyndham-The hooded hawk:
or, The case of Mr. Boswell. New York,
Meynier, Gil-Stranger at the door. New
York, Scribner, 1948.
Fi.,YR wtlt- ,,117 ,. mrilh ,._M m evc of .
From the pages of The Daily:
FORTY YEARS AGO 'TODAY:
The three hundred members of the sen-
ior class in the Literary School voted to
place a clock in the General Library read-
ing room as their class memorial.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO TODAY:
The marathon dancing fad received a
blow when the Texas House of Representa-
tives sought to pass a bill prohibiting danc-
ing for more than 8 hours out of each 24
unless the dancers obtained a permit from
the State board of health.
TEN YEARS AGO TODAY:
W E WERE STROLLING along the other
day, enjoying an unexpected dividend
of spring sunshine. Right near St. Joseph's
Hospital we caught up with a mother and
her little daughter, about three years old.
Mommy pointed out the hospital and pro-
ceeded to tell her little girl that "that was
where Mommy found you." She went on'
"And you were so little. Do you know how
big one of your dolls is?"
The little girl nodded, and Mommy con-
tinued. "Well, you were no bigger than
one of your dolls when I first saw you."
Cutey-pie looked up at her mother a bit
quizzically and said, "I know Mommy. But
how big was I originally?"
THE FOLLOWING is lifted from the AP
Paul Luvera, with the best of internation-
al political intentions, sent a bit of pre-
election advice to relatives in Italy. His
brother, Consolato, replied :
"Following your suggestion, most of my
neighbors and my family have agreed not
to vote the Communist ticket.
"I understand you people will be having
an election soon. We all hope that you and
your neighbors don't mind if we tell you
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
John Campbell .......Managing Editor
Dick Maloy...............City Editor
Harriett Friedman ., Editorial Director
Lida Dulles .......... Associate Editor
Joan Katz ............Associate Editor
Fred Schott.........Associate Editor
Dick Kraus ............. Sports Editor
Bob Lent .....Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson.......Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Bess Hayes .............. Librarian
Nancy Helmick .......General Managw
Jeanne Swendeman......Ad. Manager
Edwin Schneider .. Diance Manager
Dick Halt....... Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for re-publication
of all news dispatched credited to it a
otherwise credited in this newspaper.
All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the reguate
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Wlssociated Collegiate Press
I . 11
I I -
1 1 fI I flI----_ _ __ _ _ __ ___ _ I . '-,ps-'*.. " t ! l mer.