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April 24, 1948 - Image 4

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1 rl t X11, I t (-i



M".+T -Sr .V A a.k r 'T, I'4k

Progressives' Answer

the Illinois branch of the Progressive
Party deserves some clarification. The crit-
icism resulted from the running of two lib-
eral progressives in opposition to two lib-
eral Democrats and two reactionary-con-
servative Republicans for the positions of
senator and governor. This action, it is
said would clearly result in a Republican
victory and thereby frustrate the ends of
both the Progressives and the liberal Demo-
crats. (See page 4 of the April 17 Daily,
The decision to run local candidates in
competition with the established parties is,
according to Progressive leaders, the deci-
sion of the local or the state committee.
In the "New Republic" of April 19, the
statement of Mr. C. B. Baldwin on the is-
sue may be found: "We cannot and must
not judge any sitting congressman by any
single vote," but "there are certain condi-
tions that should be met if a candidate is
to receive our support. We must be con-
vinced that he stands firmly for peace -
for support of the United Nations, for the
full rights of organized labor and unequivo-
cal support of the constitutional civil rights
of every person living within our borders -
and let me add that this means genuine
A candidate can be judged acceptable,
Baldwin goes on to say, if these condi-
tions are "implicit in his record and com-
mitments," even though he has made no
direct pledge to the New Party.
The writer who brought this affair to
our attention analyzes the differences in
the Democratic candidates and the Pro-
gressive Party's programs in Illinois. It is
concluded that there is agreement on all
points except "the control of government
by the military and Wall Street," and
"peace and understanding with Russia,"
proposed by the Progressives. The writer
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

also stated that the Democratic candidates
agree that these are problems demanding
action, but the real argument; is over thm
methods of achieving the goal.
Senate was Mr. Paul Douglas, an eco-
nomics professor at the University of Chi-
cago. In an article in the "University of
Chicago Law Review" of April 1947, Mr.
Douglas gives an idea of his political philo-
sophy. He clearly is working for good ends,
but his means are not those of a liberal
thinker. He condemns the extremists who
precipitated the American Civil War for
the means used in achieving their ends.
Would it not have been better, asks Doug-
las, to let Slavery die out naturally than to
lose the money, lives and to subject the
Negroes to the oppression which they have
received since? Continuing this argument,
he censures "young men" who are dissatis-
fied with the time required in contemporary
legal proceedings. The essence of Douglas'
statement is that no matter how long it
takes, it's best to let reforms evolve through
This philosophy sounds strangely simi-
Iar to the reactionary- conservative "sta-
tus quo" and "What is, is good," ideas.
On such items as these the Illinois Wal-
lace committee based their decision. In
Douglas's support of the primary points
of the Truman administration and his
"liberal ends, but not means doctrine,"
there would seem to be ample justifica-
tion for the runnin of separate Progres-
sive candidates.
The issue in Illinois is very similar to the
national problem. The repeatedly raised
possibility of a splt vote in the national,
state and local campaigns is fully recog-
nized by the Progressive leaders. That re-
actionary Republicans may be elected is
also realized.
Despite these possibilities, the Wallace
party will keep working for their stated
ends. It is a basic belief of the Progressives
that it is not only the next election which
counts, but the next generation - an idea
long forgotten by some political parties.
-Richard Hamilton

MAX DEAN of the Wallace Progressives
exaggerated only a little the other day
when he said that Regents' ban on political
speakers hits his organization harder than
other political clubs. There's no reason to
quibble over who is hit hardest when the
blow is severe enough all the way around,
and Mr. Dean, knowing that, actually has
another point.
His real complaint is that the old parties
receive their share of space on newspaper
and radio copy, but that the third party
has been consistently slighted. Whatever
Mr. Taft says is news; whatever Mr. Stassen
says is news; whatever Mr. Truman says is
news; but that's about as far as it goes.
Anyone who has followed newspapers and
listened to the radio carefully knows this is
true. Only the better papers in this country,
few and far between as they are, report to
any extent the speeches of Mr. Wallace and
Mr. Taylor and men outside the old parties.
The radio situation is worse. Because
news broadcasts must be brief, and are
directed toward the consumer audience
only, nothing but scattered fragments of
minor party speeches are ever included.
This of course, leads to wild distortion.
We will modify our argument here to the
extent that sometimes you do see addresses
by M. Wallace printed on the front pages
of almost every paper. But this happens
principally because the Progressives candi-
date has become somewhat of an oddity
in the minds of the American people. Men
must be classified, you know, if they are not
like others. The usual classification for Mr.
Wallace is "farmer" or maybe "Communist,"
and for Mr. Taylor, "cowboy."
The reason press and radio pass over the
"liberal" viewpoint is because editors, own-
ers and publishers are afraid to buck pop-
ular opinion. They do not ignore this side
of political activity because they have no
way of getting it. Wire news services, we
know from our own experience, usually cover
fairly all phases of political activity. It is
just not printed.
Now we're not complaining merely be-
cause Mr. Wallace takes it on the chin.
It hurts us a lot more, for instance, that
Senator Taylor, the only real critic of
U.S. foreign policy on the Senate floor,
does not always get adequate coverage
from Washington newsmen.
On April 8, for example, Mr. Taylor de-
livered an hour-long speech in the Senate
which was intently listened to by everyone
there, including the Senators. In that speech
he defended his right to criticize Mr. Tru-
man on his UMT speech, which, believe it
or not, several Senators had called "bad
taste." This was the same speech in which
he complained about an investigation being
made of his doctor brother in California.
This speech appears, if nowhere else, in the
Record of April 8, 1948. How anyone would
want to form opinions of political questions
without reading it is beyond me.
So when Mr. Dean says his organization
is hit hardest by the speakers ban he need
not be accused of self-consciousness. The
longer this careless suppression, this fear
of criticism exists, the harder it will be for
any of us to arrive at intelligent conclusions
on political matters.
-Fred Schott.

- i l l
r t -7

Letters to the Eitor


Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angell Hail, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publlcatioji (11:00
a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LVIII, No. 141
All Veterans presently enrolled
under either Public Law 346 or 16.
who plan to continue in the Sum-
mer Session under one of these
Laws, are asked to report to
Room 100A, Rackham Building, in
the order listed below so that ap-
propriate action may be taken to
insure continuous subsistence:

Joe Martin Reflects

I SAW Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of the House
of Representatives recently and the in-
terview confirmed a feeling that there isn't
really very much joy today in Washington.
If our foreign policy is as sound and ap-
propriate as some of its adherents make it
out to be, one wonders why it doesn't gen-
erate a little more happiness around the
Speaker Martin helped to put ERP
through the House before the deadline; in
fact I saw him, in his wonderful old offices
in the Capitol, the morning he was due to
ride over to the White House for the sign-
ing of the bill. A big morning, an historic
morning. But Speaker Martin was not ex-
actly in the seventh heaven of delight about
future prospects for the world; he talked
somberly of the gloomy state of the planet,
and of the friction and disunity in this
"One of the things about having a new
President," he said, "is that we might get
better unity. Every new President goes in
with tremendous good will. Roosevelt had
it the first time. The people would lift
right up. There'd be a change of mood ..."
It seemed to me that perhaps we needed
more than a pick-up. I asked the Speaker
(whose words have a kind of special im-
portance, because he is, by law, next in
line of succession to the Presidency) whe-
ther it might not be dangerous to let things
run on as they are running on in foreign
policy, and whether some large move to--
ward reconciliation might not be in order.
His answer was, I think, rather revela-
tory about the Republican position.
"I don't want to be a back seat driver,"
he said. "I don't have the inside informa-
tion. It can't be that anybody in this world
would really want another war .. ."
I've had this answer, or variants of it,
froi a number of Republicans in Wash-
i on. They're being good boys about
- ,
A'MAJORITY of the nations participating
in a !"model" UN General Assembly
meeting turned thumbs down on the one
United Nations Charter Amendment that
could put life in a dying organization. The
change would have restricted the veto power
of Big Five members of the Security Coun-
cil on the settlement of international dis-
putes and amendments to the Charter.
In order to recommendt action, two-
thirds support was needed. However, the
delegates chose to abandon the new meas-
ure by an unfavorable 15 to 12 vote..
The representatives, who were students
at the University representing 27 UN mem-
bers, fell before the theory of one-power
domination. They rationalized that without
the veto power, one nation (the United
States) could swing world policy in any
direction without anyone to stop her.
Thus the amendment failed. But the real
failure came earlier when the majority of

supporting the President, in greater or
lesser degree, but sooner or later you get
the answer about not having all the in-
formation. There's just a shade of de-
tachment, as if they were serving notice
that it's not a bipartisan policy, it's a
case of a bipartisan bloc supporting a
Truman policy.
Some Republicans seem torn between the
anti-Communism in the President's pro-
gram, which they like, and the war danger
implicit in it, which bothers them - and
they seem to want to compromise by hang-
ing up the biggest air force curtain in the
world, for defense, while keeping the ag-
gw'resive anti-Communist content of the
policy. It is a kind of spear-and-shield
idea, with the shield of the air force always
ready, to avert the possible consequences
of too much spearing.
I do not know if Mr. Martin's thinking
runs exactly along this line, but, like many
others, he favors the big air force thing.
He may be a little more formidable as
a Presidential possibility than seems ob-
vious. le isn't asking for the nomination,
but he's in a good spot for it. His quick
play in practically settling the coal strike
in 13 minutes, by bringing John L. Lewis
and the operators' representative, Ezra
Van Horn, together was more President-
ial than Speakerish. His bid, if he offers
one, will be made by piecing together bits
of support into a careful pattern, more
than by making a sweeping appeal along
lines of major policy.
He believes the Democrats are in for a
good deal of trouble; that their organiza-
tion will crack under the prospect of de-
feat. He thinks the Wallace vote will be
unpredictable right up to the end; it will
be affected by events, other candidacies,
etc. Thinking this over, he said slowly:
"There is a lot of friction," thus ending
on the note on which he had begun.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corporation)

A through
5:00 p.m.
F through
5:00 p.m.
K through
5:00 p.m.
P through'
5:00 p.m.
U through
5:00 p.m.

E, April 26, 8:00 to
J, April 27, 8:00 to
O, April 28, 8:00 to


T, April 29, 8:00

Z, April 30, 8:00 to

Home Mood
TWO HOPEFUL FACTS are apparent in

Failure to observe this proce-
dure will result in the veteran's
subsistence being interrupted at
the end of the present semester.
Veterans reporting should have in
mind their correct "C" number.
Notice to All Instructors Teach-
ing Detroit Extension Classes: Due
to the change of time in Detroit
beginning Sunday, April 25, the
classes will start at 6 p.m., Ann
Arbor time, and the bus will leave
from the Michigan Union (t 3:15
School of Business Administra-
tion: Any student currently en-
rolled in this School who has not
otherwise received a Summer Ses-
sion Questionnaire should secure
one at 108 Tappan Hall, fill out
and return immediately.
Summer Position: A representa-
tive from Wayne Girl Scout Camp
will be at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments Saturday. April 24, to inter-
view girls interested in positions
in nature study, waterfront, and
junior counslors. Call at 201 Ma-
son Hall-10 a.m. to 12 noon.
William W. Cook Lectures on
American Institutions. Fourth
series, "Men and Measures in the
Law." First Lecture: "Taking In-
ventory--Law in the Books," by
The Honorable Arthur T. Vander-
bilt, Chief Justice, Supreme Court
of New Jersey. 8:15 p.m., Mon.,
April 26, Rackham Lecture Hall.
The public is invited.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Arno
Wilfred Ewald, Physics; thesis:
"An Investigation of the Photo-
Electric Mechanism in the Thal-,
lous Sulfide Photo-Conductive
Cell," 2 p.m., Mon., April 26, West
Council Room, Rackham Bldg.
Chairman, G. E. Uhlenbeck.
Mr. Seager's English 88 will not
meet the week of April 26.
M. E. 86 Summer Session Elec-
tions: All students expecting to
elect M. E. 86 this Summer Ses-
sion must see Prof. C. F. Kessler,
Room 241, W. Engineering Build-
ing, at once. Consultation hours
are posted on the door.

Student Recital: Bertram Gable,
Baritone, will present a program
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bach-
elor of Music, at 8:30 p.m., April
24, Rackham Assembly Hall. A
pupil of Arthur Hackett, Mr. Ga-
ble will sing compositions by Mo-
zart, Handel, Hugo Wolf. Faure,
and a group of English songs. The
public is invited.
Events Today
Radio Prog'ram:
10 a.m. WHRV-Michigan Prof-
The Art Cinema League and the
IRA will present Paul Muni and
Luise Rainer in THE GOOD
EARTH to be shown at the Kel-
iogg Auditorium tonight and Sun-
day at 8 p.m. Doors will open at
7:15 p.m. Tickets are on sale at
University Hall today from 10
a.m. to 12 noon. Tickets will be on
sale before each performance at
the door.
Comning Events
Mr. Arne Kildal, Chief of Li-
brary Services for the Norwegian
National Government will give an
address on Norwegian library de-
velopment after the war, to stu-
dents in Library Science, at 10
a.m., Tues., April 27, Room 110,
Library. T
Graduate Outing Club: Meet
for sports and picnic at 2:30 p.m.,
Sun., April 25, northwest entrance,
Rackham Bldg. Sign up at Rack-
ham check desk before noon Sat-
urday. All graduate students wel-
United World Federalist: Meet-
ing, 8 p.m., Mon., April 26, Michi-
gan Union. The meeting is in-
tended to be a follow-up feature
of the World Government College
Forum. Refreshnents. The pub-
lic is invited.
Sociedad Hispanica: Conversa-
tional group meeting, Mon., April
26, 3 p.m. International Center.
IT. of M. Ilot Record Society:
Program of great Jazz artists, 8
p.m., Sun., April 25, Grand Rapids
Room, Michigan League. Every-
one welcome.
Wallace Progressives: 7:30 to
9:30 p.m., Mon., April 26, Room
308, Michigan Union.
The splendid behavior of the
Italian people last Sunday was a
rebuke to those political parties
and foreign powers that combined
to turn the election into a major
engagement of the cold war. . .
The Italian people were able to
go to the polling places and mark
their ballots without interference,
but fraud and violence walked be-
side them just the same. The
whole campaign was characterized
by coercive and unscrupulous tac-
tics, freely employed on both
sides: by Russia, through the
Italian Communist Party and its
allies, by the United States direct-
ly, as well as through the Vatican
and the government parties. Never
were voters more callously used
for ends b'eyond their control. For
both great protagonists are con-
cerned with their strategic re-
quirements in the struggle for
power which constitutes the pres-
ent phase of World War III.
-The Nation

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writers signature and address.
Ietters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. he
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters,
* * *
To the Editor:
MAY I TAKE exception to the
statement about the Italian
election results attributed to Mr.
J. H. Meisel in yesterday's Daily?
He was reported to have said that
"unless the ERP is accompanied
by the strengthening of moderate
political elements, the Marshall
Plan will not be a success."
I happen to know the gentle-
man in question was not referring
to "moderates" in the Pickwickian
sense but to the moderate wing
socialist labor, adding: "The Mar-
shall Plan will not function effec-
tively unless it acquires a Euro-
pean mass basis, it cannot succeed
without working class coopera-
--J. H..Meisel.
* * *
Me /1 b s>ed
To the Editor:
NOW IS THE TIME for all good
men to be chased from Palmer
Field, or so it seems. It seems that
twenty-five cents will do the
trick at the tennis courts, but at
the ball diamonds it's a woman,
who while quoting the iules, po-
litely sneers in youi' face.
Until the other night we were
unaware of any rules prohibiting
men from using the baseball fa-
cilities at Palmer Field. However.
on this night we were informed of
them, through the medium of a
woman, who told us that the girls
were using the diamonds, and be-
sides, it was against the rules.
Granted the girls were using the
diamonds . . . thi'ee of them,
leaving two vacant. When we at-
tempted to point out this fact,
we were told the girls wouldbe
using the diamonds. Granted they
would be, . . . the next day. It
was late and the girls were eating
or just about to eat, and it was
a certainty that no more dia-
monds would be used by the girls
that evening.
When we had impressed upon
her the fact that the diamonds
were going to remain unused for
the rest of the evening, she
changed her tactics and confront-
ed us with "rules." Not knowing
of any rules, yet not doubting the
integrity of the woman, we grudg-
ingly left.
Victor Vaughan is no little dis-
tance from the I-M diamonds, and
certainly no small distance from
Burh's Park. Now, with two strikes
against us, wehave a ball team
sort of a "ball team without
a country." We see no reason why
we could not use the facilities at
Palmer Field, especially when no
one else is using them'.
If it is University policy which
kept us off Palmer Field let them
find us a place to play ball, with-
in a reasonable distance. If it was
a mistake, let's hope it will be
-D. L. Michael,
Bob Cordon, Mgr.
V.V. Baseball Team.
Answers Editorial
To the Editor:
ling's editorial in Sunday's "Daily
on the Michigan Committee for
Academic Freedom.
The undersigned, a voting dele-

gate to the MCAF from Willow
Village AVC, acted as secretary for
the session of the MCAF about
which Mr. Zwerling writes. Upon
reviewing the detailed minutes I
took during the full course of the
meeting, I find that Mr. Zwerling
has made several errors in his
The resolution pertaining to the
formulation of an international
bill of academic freedom, which
Mr. Zwerling claims the MCAF
turned down, in fact never came
before the body. This matter had
come before a previous meeting of
the body, which, unfortunately, I
was unable to attend. At the meet-
ing in question, a motion to re-
consider the question was offered
and defeated. The reasons why
the motion was defeated were
omitted by Mr. Zwerling. Here
they are:
The meeting was of an emer-
gency nature, called to protest
several serious breaches of aca-
demic freedom within the area:

i.e., the banning of SLID at
Wayne, the alrrest of two students
at Wayne for "creating a disturb-
ance" by passing out Wallace lit-
erature, the trleaitened memoval
of a Muskegon Junior College pro-
fessor for writing the wrong kind
of book, the statements of Presi-
dent Hanna'of MSC serving notice
that Communist groups would not
be condoned at that school, and
several additional related matters.
In summary, then, the resolu-
tion which Mr. Zwerling claims
was turned down never appeared
before the body. It did not appear
before the body for good reasons:
it will be in order at the next reg-
ulai'1heeting, April 21, and it is
on the agenda for that meeting.
(I, for one, firmly support the res-
olution in question.) The action
of the Daily in pulling out of the
group seems to me most intem-
perate, if not childish. It is also
amazing to me that Mr. Zwerling,
the Daily's voting representative
to the MCAF, who was so verbose
Sunday. said not a word through-
out the whole meeting Friday.
William L. O'Neill
'hairman, W. Village AVC
Regents' recision
To the Editor:

SHOULD like to take advan-
tage of this column to voice
an opinion with reference to the
university's announced decision
that the various student political
"clubs" must have their speakers
and meetings off campus.
It would seem that an educa-
tional institution should do ev
erything possible to encourage
the interest of students in the
political events of today. If any
regulations are required. they
should rather insist upon the
public airing of every shade of
opinion. If it were required t.hat
every political organization ob-
tain some speakers and hold a
meeting or two open to the stud-
ent body that would indeed make
sense. But if current hlistory is
teaching us anything, it is the
fact that education, as such, can-
not be separated from the broad
social and political interests
which constitute citizenship.
There is no aspect of educa-
tion half so real or so pressing as
education upon social and politi-
cal situations. This writer doesn't
happen to belong to one of the
political "clubs," so can, perhaps,
claim to be fairly impartial. Per-
haps the fault does not lie with
the University. Perhaps it was
forced to make this decision. At
any rate, it is an unfortunate and
somewhat disheartening prece-
--Ann Hubbell

Fifty-Eighth Year



this ancient city, which begins
breathe easily again after the excitement



Curtailing the veto would make action
on international disputes and grievances
possible and build up a stronger UN, a UN
mature enough to assume sovereign control
over all nations. Until that power is grant-
ed to the UN, world peace is a pretty sad
--Craig It. Wilson.

the Italian election.
First, the defeat of the Communists has
not been accompanied by any strengthen-
ing of the Italian neo-Fascists. On the con-
trary, the great majority of the non-Com-
munist vote went to the parties of the
center-the Christian Democrats and In-
dependent Socialists. There are also indica-
tions that groups of the formerly Commu-
nist-controlled Socialists may now declare
their independence. Altogether, the stage is
set for a healthy, democratic Italian revival.
Second, and almost more important, no
intoxication from success, to use Stalin's
phrase, has resulted from the victory over
the Communists. On the contrary, the lead-
ers of the government have carefully noted
that an impressive minority of their people
was driven by hardship and despair to vote,
in effect, for the end of freedom in Italy.
Perhaps the best reason for accepting this
analysis is the fact that it has been put
forward by no less a man than Mario Scel-
ba, Italy's Minister of the Interior-the
short, bald, plump, oddly impressive man
who is probably the most powerful man in
the government after Premier De Gasperi
himself. A European Minister of the In-
terior does not run the national parks. He
runs the police. And Ministers of the In-
terior throughout Europe are rarely out-
standing for their social vision or forward

Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
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John Campbell .......Managing Editor
Dick Maloy...............City Editor
Harriett Friedman .. Editorial Director
Lida Dalles .......... Associate Editor
Joan Katz.............Associate Editor
Fred Schott......... Associate Editor
Dick Kraus ..............Sports Editor
Bob Lent ......Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnsons........Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Bess Hayesy................ Librarian
Business Staff
Nancy Heimick......General Manast
Jeanne Swendeman.......Ad. Manager
Edwin Schneider .. 1Fkance Manager
Dick HaltC......Circulation Manager
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Looking Back

From the pages of The Daily:
The "big official vaudeville show" of the
County Fair in Ann Arbor announced eight
stellar acts including the Banjo Club Quar-
tette and lantern slides of campus "big
guns, "


Well, Barnaby, this sample radio program
will give your uncle's agency an idea of

Oh, yes. That. No doubt it's a fair hack
job. But a faultlesstwork of art can be

Cuhlamochree! eft outJ




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