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March 27, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-03-27

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1r A6



Latest Deadline in the State


Lewis Denies
Testimony in
Coal Inquiry
Board May Use
Subpoena Power
WASHINGTON, March 26-(/)M
-John L. Lewis turned down an
invitation to testify today before
President Truman's coal strike in-
quiry board, and the board gave
him until Monday to decide
whether he will appear voluntar-
The board has power to sub-
ioena him in carrying out its in-
structions to dig out the facts in
the dispute. But Chairman Sher-
man Minton said the board "has
not determined yet" whether it
will do so.
Maybe Subpoena
r' Asked directly whether the
board would subpoena Lewis if
he fails to show up, Minton said,
we might."
Minton and his associates con-
ferred late today with Joseph M.
Friedman, government lawyer who
heads the Justice Department sec-
tion handling Taft-Hartley Law
"We were discussing our powers
under the act," Minton told re-
porters afterward.
Three Man Board
The three-man board opened
its hearings and got the mine op-
erators' side of the case against
a steadily darkening background.
'Upwards of 350,000 of Lewis'
United Mine Workers were out for
~4 the twelfth day.
Secretary of the Interior Krug
said that as a result coal stocks
are being depleted very close to
the point where a large part of
the nation's industry will be af-
If Shutdown Continues ...
If the shutdown continues three
more days, he estimated, it will
force closing or curtailed opera-
tions upon 18 per cent of the
r electric power utilities, 25 per cent
of the steel and rolling mills, 27
per cent of the major railroads
and 72 per cent of the retail coal
Further, Krug declared, the ex-
ecutive branch of the government
is powerless to enforce rationing
of what little coal still is being
mined, by non-union diggers and
by members of the Progressive
Group Forms
Plan for World
rA pre'hlminar y constitution. for1
World Government, designated as
a working model from which the
basic law of a real world govern-
ment might be devised, was pub-
lished this week by an 11-man
committee headed by Dr. Robert
M. Hutchins, Chancellor of the
University of, Chicago.
The draft is a result of two
years work by the self-designated
committee, and is described as a
"tentative blueprint for world gov-
ernment. Written for peoples of
the world, it is being issued to
virtually every government to ex-
amine, consider and amend."
The proposed constitution has
four basic principles: (1) That
war can be outlawed and peace
made enforceable; (2) that world
government is the only alternative
to world destruction; (3) that be-

ing necessary, it is possible; (4)
that the price of world govern-
ment and peace is justice.
The constitution provides for a
Federal Convention, Grand Tri-
bunal, President, Tribune of the
People, Council, Supreme Court
and Chamber of Guardians.
Vetoes and counter-vetoes are
among the provisions to maintain
a system of checks and balances.

- -

... ®

Smith Attacks IUS
Policy in Report

NSA representative in Prague, resigned from

Jim Smith, former

the International Union of Students because that body had "taken a
position substantially in agreement" with the suppressions of aca-
demic freedom that have followed the Czech coup.
This was revealed in a.13-page report from Smith which reached
The Daily yesterday from NSA headquarters in Madison, Receipt of
his statement climaxed moves to clarify the conflicting reports of
Smith's position that have cropped up on campus in connection with
the Czech academic freedom meeting held here last Wednesday.

The IUS, Smith said, was g

Jews Request
Military Help
In Arab Seige
Death Toll Increases
In HolyLand Strife
JERUSALEM, March 26-(AP)-
The Jewish agency asked today
that foreign troops be sent to
Jerusalem to prevent the possible
bombardment and destruction of
the city's holy places.
The plea was made by an agen-
cy spokesman as Jerusalem re-
ceived a day-long respite from the
terrors of the Arab-Jewish Civil
War. Not a single shot sounded in
the city on this Good Friday, but
at least 10 Jews and Arabs were
killed in Palestine.
Asked for Scandinavian
The agency spokesman suggest-
ed that 10,000 Danish and Norwe-
gian troops be sent from northern
Germany to garrison Jerusalem
when the British mandate ends
May 15. He explained that the
Jews are not insisting that those
particular troops be used and said
it was up to the United Nations to
determine what military units
should be sent here.
'If something of this sort is done
it will insure that Jerusalem at
least will be taken out of the con-
flict area, no matter what meas-
ures may or may not be taken in
respect to other Palestine areas,"
the spokesman said.
International Zone
If carried out the United Na-
tions partition decision would es-
tablish the Jerusalem area as an
international zone.
The agency's proposal has been
submitted to the United Nations
Palestine commission.
While the Jews were making
this plea, Arab activity threaten-
ing the encirclement of Jerusalem
The unofficial death count since
the United Nations voted for par-
tition Nov. 29 reached 2,080.
Less than 1,000 Christian Arabs
and a handful of Europeans were
in the Good Friday procession.
Dorm Applications
Applications for residence in
women's dormitories for the fall
and spring semesters will be ac-
cepted beginning at 7:30 a.m.,
April 1, at the Dean of Women's
The only women students who
need apply are those who are not
now living in dormitories but
would like to next year.
Applications will be accepted
from those women whose academic
records are clear until the number
of available spaces have been

iven tacit approval to the "sup-
pression of the student demonstra-
tion (in Prague), the arrest of
students on flimsy evidence, the
forcible overthrow of the elected
leadership of the NUS (Czecho-
slovakia's National Students
Union), and the expulsion of
students and professors from
the Czechoslovakian universities
by undemocratic methods." .
The students' group, has thus
"ceased to be the sort of organi-
zation that I and other American
students considered it to be, an or-
ganization partisan in the inter-
ests of students and not partisan
in political questions," Smith said.
"In putting the principles of
what they consider to be progres-
sivism first, and the rights of all
students second, they (the IUS)
have automatically become a party
Excerpts from Jim Smith's
report appear on Page 2.

to the suppression of certain stu-
dent rights, and thereby destroyed
the fundamental character of the
IUS as a mutual cooperation and
mutual protection organization of
students of different political be-
liefs," he added.
Smith declared that the hap-
pening in Czechoslovakia point
up some definite tasks for Amer-
ican students who stand on
principles of freedom.
Primarily, he said, ' their task
is to put their own house in order.
... They must actively and vigor-
ously translate the principles of
the NSA into a program of action
at the local and regional level."
Describing the student demon-
stration before President Benes'
palace, Smith said that one stu-
dent was struck by a bullet from
See REPORT, Page 4
Daylight Time
Finds Favor
A Daily tally of Ann Arbor
councilmen today showed five
members in favor of matching
Daylight Time in Detroit with five
undecided and four aldermen un-
available for comment.
Councilman Shirley W. Smith
will vote against the action. "It
will probably mean going to bed
an hour earlier and being forced
to arise aththe same time in the
morning," he said.
The council will meet next April
8 when the issue will probably be
discussed. Detroit is expected to
adopt Daylight Saving Time April
Alderman Ulberg said he fa-
vored the move because "nearly a
thousand Ann Arbor workers com-
mute daily to Detroit or Ford's
River Rouge and it would work a
hardship on them if our clocks
Mr. Swisher explained that Ann
Arbor is "part of Detroit and
it would be unfeasible for us to be
out of step."

E.,Quad Men,
'U' Officials
Discuss Food
Ask Breakdown
Of Board Costs
University administrators and
members of the East Quad food
committee reached an agreement
on the dormitory "food situation"
yesterday afternoon at a meeting
held in the Office of the Board
of Regents.
Studied in Detail
The food report submitted by
the East Quad committee on Mon-
day was studied in detail. Repre-
sentatives reached an "agreeable
decision" on some 25 of the 40
suggestions for improvement of
dormitory service included in the
report, according to Jerry Ryan,
president of the committee.
"University officials said they
would do everything they could to
promote the other requests," Ryan
said. A few requests were flatly
denied, mostly because of costs,
he added.
A request was also made by the
committee for a breakdown of
dormitory food costs. The Univer-
sity declined to grant this re-
Against Policy
"It is against University policy
to reveal such figures to indi-
vidual groups," Ryan quoted
Robert P. Briggs, University vice-
president as saying. Ryan said
that the University was opposed
to this practice on the grounds
that it might establish a prece-
dent for requests from other "fac-
Besides Briggs, University offi-
cials in attendance were: Francis
C. Shiel, business manager of the
residence halls; Arthur L. Bran-
don, director of Information Serv-
ices; John E. Bingley, Chief Res-
ident Advisor of East Quadrangle;
Kathleen Hamm, chief Dietician
of the residence halls and Mrs.
Eleanor H. Korstad, East Quad-
rangle dietician.
The food committee consisted
of nine members: one represen-
tative from each East Quad house
and Bob Gardner, of Tyler House,
who acted in an advisory capacity.
"The spirit of cooperation
shown by Vice-President Briggs
and his associates is very gratify-
ing to the members of the food
committee," Ryan said.
He added that these develop-
ments mark the culmination of
the East Quad "food drive," but
that the committee still disagrees
with the Unive'sity policy on dis-
closing cost breakdowns.
The drive began March 9, fol-
lowing a broadcast over WHRV's
"Mr. and Mrs." progiam which
aired food gripes of East Quad
World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, March 26-At least
19 persons were killed in two tor-
nadoes and hailstorm as March
went on a rampage in widely sep-
arated sections of the country to-
Fourteen persons were reported
killed and dozens injured by a
tornado which crashed across west
central Indiana, with two persons
killed and an unidentified number
injured in another tornado which

hit twice at Aliceville, Ala.
* * ,
The postoffice department late
today suspended all postal serv-
ice to Palestine except for air
The department said it acted
at the request of authorities in
LAKE SUCCESS, March 26-1
Despite President Truman's ap-
peal, doubts were expressed today
that the United Nations would
accept the new American proposal
for settling the Palestine prob-
WASHINGTON, March 2?,-
A $163,000,000 Chinese Aid Pro-
gram was formally recommend-
ed to the Senate today by the
Foreign Relations Committee
in a report which said that
China's independence is "clearly
one of the essential elements of

Trieste Will Be Major Issue in
Forthcomin Italian Elections

The recent Western Power pro-
posal to give Trieste to Italy
"could have a very important ef-
fect on the outcome of the forth-
coming Italian elections," Dr.
Manfred C. Vernon, of the polit-
ical science department, said yes-
The proposal, calling for a UN
review of the whole Trieste con-
troversy, would s'crap the Italian
Guild Sponusors
Anti-Jim Crow
Law Contest
An es say contest to discover the
best proposal for a law which will
eliminate discrimination in places
of public accommodations in
Michigan was announced ,yester-
day by tire local chapter of the
National Lawyers Guild.
Prizes will consist of $25 cash
or' books to be given for the best
suggestions offered.
Rules Lrnil the contcsi, to stu-
dents cw-iolled in the University
and no entry can exceed 800 words.
Essays should be typewritten and
double spaced, with names and
addresses enclosed.
All essays must be submitted to:
Lawyers Guild, c/o C-22, Law
Club, Ann Ar'bor, Michigan, by
Apr'il 25. Entries will become the
property of the Student Lawyers
Judges tor' the contest are Ken-
neth Cox, associate professor of
law, Douglas Reading, Washtenaw
Prosecutor, and Irving Slifkin, as-
sistant editor' of the Michigan Law
Through this contest the Law-
yer's Guild is hoping to arouse an
inter'est in the discrimination laws
of this state and to give students
an opportunity to expr'ess them-
selves on this issue.
Tf Stuideiit Dies
Dudley Eric Christiansen, nine-
teen year's old, for'mer University
student was :found shot to death
yester'day in his par'ents' home in
Grosse Pointe Shores, the Associ-
ated Pr'ess reported.
Detectives said Chr'istiansen,
who dr'opped out of school last se-
mester, was despondent over' being
order'ed to break off ar'omance
with a 16 year old girl. Police wer'e
satisfied that he had committed
suicide, the Associated Press said.
Christiansen's parents, Dr. and
Mrs. G. W. Christiansen, were
notified of their son's death while
vacationing in Flor'ida.
His sister, Celia Christiansen,
is a Grad student here.

peace treaty settlement providing
for an internationalized Trieste,
and grant complete control of the
city to Italy.
"Italy particularly blamed the
United States for the loss of
Trieste," Dr. Vernon declared, but
added that "it will be hard now
for the Communists to counter-
act the Western move." He termed
"too weak" the Yugoslav counter-
proposal to give Italy Trieste in
return for the province of Gorizia.
Dr. Vernon also stressed the im-
portance of economic aid in ap-
pealing to the Italian voters, and
pointed to the Marshall Plan and
the recent American transfer of
commercial ships to Italy as ex-
amples of Western attempts to
reassure Italians of continued aid.
Communist strong points in the
Italian election are their programs
of land reform and social legis-
lation, which are designed to ap-
peal to the masses, he said.
Dr. Vernon said the Western
Powers could gain even stronger
support in Italy by agreeing to
give Italy trusteeship over some
former Italian colonies, although
he minimized the effect of the
American attempt to secure Ital-
ian membership in the UN.
Policy Change,
Proposed for
Union Election
Changes in the method of elect-
ing Union vice-presidents was
proposed at a meeting of the
Union Board of Directors Thurs-
day, the result of criticisms during
the last election.
The Board voted to call a meet-
ing of the Union members to con-
sider the proposals, which would
require an amendment to the con-
Under the proposed change,
electio'n of five of the vice-presi-
dential positions would be open to
all schools, according to Union
President Gene Sikorovsky. The
present system allows one office to
each school, six in all, to be elect-
ed by that school.
In addition to the five thus
elected, the new amendment
would give the Graduate schools
two offices, to make up a total of
seven vice-presidents.
The present system gives one
seat to the Chairman of the Men's
Judiciary, a non-elective position,
Sikorovsky said.
Students, he added, will be able
to vote for people who are not in
their own school but whom they
would like to have in office, under
the new system.

Asked To Run
By Roosevelts
WASHINGTON, March 26--(P)
-New calls for Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower to replace President
Truman on the Democratic Pres-
idential ticket came from New
York and Chicago today, with two
of Franklin D. Roosevelt's sons
joining in the chorus.
The demands failed to evoke
any reaction from the General
himself or the White House.
Franklin, D. Roosevelt, Jr., and
Elliott Roosevelt came out for the
general inoseparate statements-
in New York and Hyde Park.
Jacob M. Arvey, chairman of
the Cook County (Chicago) Dem-
ocratichorganization, said in Chi-
cago that Eisenhower is the man
"who comes closest to represent-
ing the ideals of the Democratic
party." he added a hope that the
General will be available if
A new organization calling itself
the "Draft Eisenhower Move-
ment" was set up in New York
by a group describing themselves
as "youthful veterans and non-
veterans." They set April 27 for
a rally to drum up support for
the General's nomination by the
Democr'atic Convention in Phila-
delphia July 12.
Franklin Roosevelt told a news
conference he had informed
President Truman through Chair-
man J. Howard McGrath of the
Democratic National Committee
of his support for Eisenhower,
McGrath was not available for
comment. The White House would
not comment. The President only
yesterday told reporters he's in
the race to stay.
Blood Donor
Drive April 21
April 21 has been set aside for
students who wish to participate
in Red Cross, blood doner clinic,
The Daily learned yesterday.
Anne McGrew and Robert Hol-
land, have been appointed as
chairmen of the student campaign,
announced that men students may
register at the student office in
the Union every day from 3 to 5.
Miss McGrew will register wom-
en today and tomorrow at Mosher-
Jordan, and Monday and Tuesday
at Stockwell Hall. Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday women can
register with Ann Gestie at the
Delta Gamma house or at the Al-
pha Phi house with Sally Stanton.
Student donors must be at least
18 years of age, and those between
18 and 21 must have written per-
mission of their parents.

COAL SHORTAGE CUTS STEEL PRODUCTION-Smoke from the stacks of the Ensley, Ala.,
steel mill of Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Co., dwindles as the company begins a 50 per cent
reduction because of the coal shortage. The U.S. Steel Subsidiary announced it was banking four
of the mill's six blast furnaces and removing four of the eight open hearth furnaces from pro-

U.S. Halts All
War Supplies
To Russians
Military Has Veto
Power on Trade
WASHINGTON, March 26-4M)
--Aroused Congress members de-
manding a halt in shipments of
war goods to Russia were told to-
day this had been done.
Secretary of Commerce Harri-
man said the United States has
stopped all exports to Russia and
her satellites except articles the
Army and Navy say is all right
to send.
Rep. Mundt (Rep., S.D.) said he
is going ahead anyway with an
amendment to the foreign aid bill
to authorize the administrator of
the program to ban shipments of
strategic supplies to Russia.
He said his amendment will not
be needed if the Army-Navy veto
plan works, but if it fails, "we will
still have provided for national
Airplane Controls
President Truman earlier in the
day clamped tight controls on sale
of airplanes, airplane parts, ra-
dar, electronic devices, small arms
and other military items to for-
ign nations by classifying them
as implements of war.
The War Assets Administration
also stepped into the export pic-
ture. Finland's top bid of $1,666,-
900 for 46 unused steam locomo-
tives was delayed for 30 days to-
day in New York on orders of
WAA national administrator Jess
Larson in Washington.
Army-Navy Veto
Whether this deal was being
held up pending the outcome of
Russia's bid for a military alli-
ance with Finland was not stated,
Harriman said the Army and
Navy have had a virtual veto
power over the Commerce Depart-
ment's issuance of export licenses
since March.
All Trade Not Stopped
But he said all trade with
Russia will not be shut off. The
.government will "keep .the dor
open," he said, for Russia to ccon-
tinue as a friendly nation.
He added, "we want to obtain
certain products from Russia and
Eastern Europe."
U. S. Delivers
Accusing Note
To Russians
WASHINGTON, March 26-()P)
-The United States accused Rus-
sia tonight of restoring concentra-
tion camps to Eastern Germany
and filling them with opponents
of its "new totalitarianism" there.
Further, the American govern-
ment charged in a note sent to
the Soviet Embassy that Russia
and its Eastern European satellites
-not the Western Powers-are re-
sponsible for dividing Germany
and splitting the whole of Europe
between East and West.
The American note, signed by
Assistant Secretary of State Nor-
man' Armour and addressed to
Soviet Ambassador Alexander S.
Panyushkin, was delivered to the
Embassy yesterday and released
by the State Department tonight.
It rejected outright a Russian
protest of March 6 that the United
States, Britain and France were
breaking the Potsdam Agreement

by meeting in London a month ago
to work out new steps for economic
unity in Western Germany.
The British government reject-
ed Russia's protest yesterday.
Grass Fires
Bring Warning
Four serious grass fires in 12
hours brought a clarification of
fire - damage regulations from
Washtenaw County Sheriff's offi-
It is illegal to burn over any
property without first acquiring
a permit from the Sheriff's office
or the local conservation official,
Capt. Erwin Klager explained,
The situation became dangerous
Thursday when two unauthorized
grass-burnings - one on Miller
Ave., near Maple Rd., and the
other on W. Liberty Rd., near Sta-
dium Blvd,.-went out-of-control

Truman's Stand Against Tax
Cut Upheld by 'U' Professors


President Truman's stand
against t'he present tax cut bill
yesterday received the support of
Prof. C. Ferrel Heady, of the po-
litical science departnent, and
Prof. Richard A. Musgrave, of the
economics department.
Prof. Heady opposed the present
tax cut measure on the grounds
that the current tense interna-
tionaI situation demands such
large expenditures to maintain a
powerful position in world affairs

the income tax cut with an in-
crease in corporation tax rates
would not neutralize the inflation
effect of income tax reduction.
Attacking arguments that the
tax cut would increase investment
dollars, Prof. Musgrave pointed out
that pioposed tax rdeductions for
high income groups, where invest-
ment is greatest, are not enough to
have much effect on investment.
He added that more investment is
undesirable in any case at present
because it is inflationary.
Comparing tax rates under the

Nocurna.VsiorivaeEast Quad

Tle rsidernt of ,tauss House
in tihe new iast Quadrangle may
not have bats in their belfry, but
they ceritainly have them on their
fourth floor.
In fact, ihe winged invaders

tiously into the hall. There, flitt-
ing about and appparently obliv-
ious to the excitement he was
causing, was a small, black bat.
The news spread quickly and,
Customers of the Union Tan

honor of the most famous bat of
them all.
But some of the men expressed
their opposition to allowing "Lou"!
to' live on the fourth floor. It was
common knowledge, they ex-
plained. that some bats suck the

3cfore 7:45 A.M.



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