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VOL. LVHI, No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICIIIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 198
PRICE FIVE CENTS
t' Protest Rally
p Planned Here
Split Over Action
By BEN ZWERLING
Resentment of the reported
clamps on academic freedom in
Czechoslovakia crystallized here
yesterday as an all-campus pro-
test demonstration was being
whipped into shape.
Full plans for the demonstra-
p tion will be mapped out at 4:15
p.m. Monday in the Union. But
preliminary reactions to the meet-
ing, rounded up yesterday by The
Daily, indicated that a widespread
enthusiasm was already in evi-
The enthusiasm wasn't unani-
mous, though. Spokesmen for
some of the campus organiza-
tions declared that they would
hold off a definite stand until
more information on the Czech
situation was available.
The meeting will seek to put the
'student body-or the larger part
of it-on record as opposed to the
"tactics and maneuvers of the
Gottwald government in its rela-
tions with freedom-loving Czech
students," Robert Miller of SLID,
organizer of the meeting, de-
Specifically, he said, "we will
protest the firing on Czech stu-
dents, the loyalty purge of Czech
professors, and the government's
purge of undesirable students."
So far, ADA, AVC, UWF,
SLID, and IRA have announced
that delegates will be present
at the meeting. A spokesman for
MYDA declared that his group
will have a statement to be pre-
sented) at the conference on
Here are a few typical com-
ments from the campus:
Bernard Goodman: "The atti-
tude of the new Czech government
toward its student population is
Hitlerian. No one who calls him-.
self a liberal can be passive to it."
Miriam Levy: "There have been
too many conflicting reports for
us to give an absolute judgment
on what has happened in Czecho-
slovakia. We ought to wait until
we can gather adequate, undisput-
Barbara Smith: "We've wait-
ed much too long already.
There's something basic here.
We can't begin to take any
stand - to advocate anything,
'unless we've got the freedom to
advocate--unless we've got ac-
ademic freedom. Nor can the
Max Dean: "The violation of
academic freedom in Czechoslo-
vakia is a direct outgrowth of the
Truman Doctrine. It falls into in-
significance when compared to
American-sanctioned violations in
Red Cross Is
Ann Arbor's 1948 Red Cross
Drive is right on schedule- one-
third of March gone, and one-
third of the drive's goal collected,
Red Cross Officials report.
$13,597 of the $41,700 city quota
has been received and the drive is
continuing now on campus, Prof.
Dwight C. Long, Chairman of the
University Drive, said.
Letters explaining the Red
Cross' need for funds, with stickers
and lapel tags, have been mailed
to all student residences and do-
nations are expected to arrive
within 10 days, Long said. The
goal for student contributions has
been set at $3,500.
The University faculty has con-
tributed $1,232 to date, toward
their goal of $5,250 in donations,
according to Long.
Booth collections will begin
Monday in all Ann Arbor banks,
Harold J. Lepard, chairman of the
Washtenaw County Drive said,
Old Oleo Act May
Hit Local Schools
ETHICS OF RADIO:
Faculty Members At-tack
Slanted News Programs
By MARY STEIN
"Slanted" news broadcasts were attacked yesterday by University
journalism and radio authorities, but at the same time they defended
the right of stations to voice editorial opinions.
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer of the journalism department termed
news slanted to stir up prejudices "reprehensible, deceitful, and fraud-
The American Jewish Congress recently filed a petition with the
Federal Communications Commission, charging that George A. Rich-
ards, owner of station WJR in Detroit, had ordered employes in his
Los Angeles KMPC to slant news to arouse racial and religious hatred.
Asks Rtlvocation of License
On the basis of its belief that the station is slanting news, the
Congress is asking in its petition that KMPC's license be revoked.
News slanting is against present FCC rulings.
Prof. Maurer also declared that mixing opinion and facts in broad-
casts is "a disservice to the listeners." There's a place for honest criti-
cism in radio, he said, but it should follow accurate news presentation.
On the other hand, Prof. Maurer asserted, absolute objectivity is
impossible to achieve. "No reporter is without his own convictions," he
"But the radio listener and newspaper reader has the right to ex-
pect intelligent analysis, competent observation and honest evalua-
tion," he said.
Dean C. Baker of the journalism department asserted that sta-
tions should not slant news at anti-Semitic or other racial issues. He
emphasized the difference between slanting supposedly "straight"
news and having special editorial comment periods.
William B. Stegath, lecturer in the speech department, said that
"editorial commentators have a place in radio, when their efforts are
William T. Brownson, lecturer in the journalism department and
publisher of the Washtenaw Post-Tribune, said, "Reporting on the
air, just as in newspapers, should be as fair and objective as it's hu-
manly possible to make it." Editorial rights are also vital, Brownson
He agreed with Prof. Maurer that completely objective reporting
is impossible, however.
Brownson emphasized that radio stations, like newspapers, should
be responsible for what they say. "If you incite a riot by a piece of
slanted news-or by editorial comment-you're responsible for it," he
Limited Idealismn Repkating
Faces 30 Year
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 12 -
-Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers,
No. 2 Army Air Forces purchasing
officer during the war, was con-
victed today of persuading an-
other man to tell lies to Senate
He facesea prison sentence of
up to 30 years.
A Federal district court jury
decided Meyers induced a former
business associate, Bleriot H. La-
Marre, to give false testimony to
Senators investigating the gen-
eral's private wartime business
The balding, 52-year-old Meyers
listened without visible emotion as
the jury foreman announced
"guilty" to each of three charges.
His attractive wife, the former
movie actress Ila Rae Curnutt,
wiped away a tear and put her
arm around her husband. Neither
The Usual Thing
Judge Alexander Holtzoff want-
ed to put Meyers in jail right
away. But the general's attorneys
protested that it was usual for
defendants "of his position" to be
allowed freedom on bail.
"We don't often have defend-
ants in his position," Holtzoff
He finally agreed, however, to
continue Meyers' bail until Mon-
day, when sentence will be passed.'
Usually a week or 10 days in-
terval is allowed between a con-
viction and sentence. But Holtzoff
said he wanted to fix Meyers' pen-
alty "very promptly."
One witness against Meyers was
LaMarre's pretty wife, Mildred,
once identified by the General as
"my girl friend." She denied at
the time that there was any im-
proper relationship between them.
LaMarre testified at the trial
that he "covered up," during the
Senate investigation, the fact that
Meyers, as' the real owner of Avia-
tion Electric Corp. in Dayton,
Ohio, took $150,000 in wartime
profits out of the aircraft parts
concern. He did this, LaMarre
said, at Meyers' urging, but later
changed his story and told the
Senators the truth
Presdent Alexander . Ruthvcn
will joi~n Gov. Kim Sigler and
other Michigan college presidents
in a radio discussion tomorrow on
how to cope with Communist and
liberal activities in universities.
President David D. Henry of
Wayne University and President
John A. Hannah of Michigan
State College will also join the
"In Our Opinion" panel discussion
at 12:30 p.m. tomorrow over WJR.
With WJR's George Cushing as
moderator, the speakers will ds-
cuss the general attitude which
colleges should take toward lib-
eral thinking on campuses..
Treaty Setting Up
Br tojii, rance, Benelux Nations
To Be Alied When Pact Is Ratified
By The Associated Press
BRUSSELS, Belgium, March 12-Delegates of Britain, France and
the three Benelux countries adopted today the completed draft of a
treaty setting up a Western European Union as a block to Communism,
The pact when ratified binds Britain, France, Belgium, the Neth-
erlands and Luxembourg to an automatic joint defense against attack
Although Germany is said to be mentioned by name as a possible
aggressor it is by no means limited to defense against Germany alone.
Its drafters are convinced their agreement will ultimately attract at
least the tacit support of the Unit-
MODEL GREETINGS FOR 'BIG JIM'-Bevy of beautiful models
gather about smiling Gov. James F. Folsom of Alabama to wel-
come him to the Barbizon School of Fashion Modeling in New
York. The 6-foot 8-inch Governor arrived by plane from Bir-
mingham to be feted by the school as "the nation's number oneI
leap year bachelor."
Dr. Ho S Ecotomic Aid
Is Urgenttly Needed by China
By FRAN IVICK
The philosophy of practicality
is dying out of American thought,
having had its best influence on
politics and education, Prof.
Brand Blanshard, chairman of
Yale University's philosophy de-
partment, declared yesterday.
Outlining "Changing Patterns
in American Thought" during the
past half century, Prof. Bfanshard,
a 1914 graduate of the University.,
The coming of spring to Ann
Arbor won't be as drastic this year
as it was a year ago.
Last April's floods-which oc-
curred during spring vacation-
aren't likely to be repeated this
,year, according to city engineer
George H. Sandenburgh.
(He said that last year's floods
marked a 30-year high water
mark for Ann Arbor.)
The freezing and thawing of
winter's end is always rough on
streets, Sandenburgh said, but
added that conditions this year
are "worse than usual."
No major re-paving projects are
planned for this year, although
regular maintenance and repair
will be continued, Sandenburgh
He added that for the present
only temporary repairs are being
made in the city's cracked and
broken pavements, but that when
warm weather arrives, permanent
asphalt repairs will be made.
told a capacity-crowd in Rackham
Amphitheatre that scientist Al-
fred North Whitehead's limited
idealism is replacing the happy-
go-lucky experimentation of prag-
Transformed by Santayana
From idealism at the turn of
the century, American thought
was transformed by Santayana's
naturalistic philosophy, according
to Prof. Blanshard.
"Irlasmuch as Santayana's be-
liefs were false in fact and logic,"
he declared, "it was soon replaced
by the great American invention
Though this last philosophy lis
dominated American action till
now, Prof. Blanshard believes that
Whitehead's happy medium be-
tween science and idealism is tak-
ing the center of the stage.
Thus, America is returning to
the speculative thought of the
idealistic days, taking into account
recent scientific advances, he de-
Prof. Blanshard, who taught at
Swarthmore after graduating
from the University, is the author
of "The Nature of Thought,"
which authorities consider one of
the best recent' studies of philos-
One Death in Every 100
DETROIT, March 12- (1)-_-A
chest surgeon told Michigan doc-
tors today that one of every 100
deaths in the United States is
caused by a cancer that starts in
Cancer of all sorts is responsible
for 10 per cent of all deaths, add-
-ed Dr. Richard H. Meade, Jr., of
By, ANDEE SEEGER
America should send China
both economic and military aid,
Dr. Franklin L. Ho, former mem-
ber of the Chinese delegation tol
the United Nations, said here yes-
Howeycr, he said that economic
aid is "what we need most urgent-
ly in China today."
Dr. Ho, now China's representa-
tive on th Economics and Em-
ployment Commission of the UN's
Economic and Social Council, is
On EI11ff C'ut
WASHINGTON, March 12---(11')
-Tfic Senate tonight defeated a
proposal by Senator Taft (Rep.,
Ohio) to cut the first year's out-
lay under the European Recov-
ery Plan to $4,000,000,000.
The roll call vote was 56 to 31.
The action cleared the way for
expected quick approval of a bill
making $5,300,000,000 available
for European aid, beginning April
Itowevcr. u 01.1 her
aimncidlnents remained pr-nding.
Taft told his collcagues before
the vote that the aid program "is
completely without economic .us-
tification but is justified by the
world battle against Communism."
Urges Fund Cut
He said the program would in-
terfere seriously with "o'ir ewn
economic stability." Ie urgei th t
the fund be cut $1,:'00,000,0000
under the figure previously ap-
proved by the Senate Foreign Re-
visiting the University this week-
For many years a professor of
economics at Nankai,'University in
Tientsin, he is making a study trip
to observe teaching and research
in the social sciences, particularly
economics. He will return to China
this summer to teach at Nankai.
Discussing the effect of the war
on that university, Dr. Ho said.
"The campus was almost 80 per
cent destroyed. Nankai was the
first Chinese university attacked
by the Japanese." The damage, he
said, is largely but not entirely re-
'Technical, Not Political'
Dr. Ho was China's Vice-Min-
ister of Economic Affairs during
the war, and headed the Central
Planning Board which mapped
out the post-war period. He de-
scribed his work with the UN as a
technical, not political, commis-
sion which seeks to promote the
economic stability and develop-
ment of UN member nations.
Dr. Ho received his B.A. from
Pomona College and his Ph.D.
from Yale. After an absence of 23
years, he returned to this country
last July, and is making his pres-
ent tour to "re-occident" himself.
He has already visited most of the
big American universities.
Described by one qualified
source as a pact "unprecedented in
the history of Europe," it also
binds the five nations to a joint
declaration of democratic princi-
ples, and to harmonize their pro-
duction, standards of living, legal
systems, trade practices and other
matters touching nearly every
field of national activity.
The complete text will not be
made public before the treaty is
signed here Wednesday by the five
foreign ministers, the negotiators
Open to Others
The union is left open for other
European nations to join. A non-
European country, such as the
United States, wishing to associate
itself with the work of the union
would have to deal with the Eu-
ropean union as a whole, the Asso-
ciated Press was informed. It could
not join and have a voice inside it.
The agreement, which includes
four of the world's greatest colo-
nial powers, provides for auto-
matic mutual aid in case of attack
in Europe. It calls for consultation
in case of attack in colonial areas.
Peace, P rices
As '48 Issues
WASHINGTON, March 12-(/P)
-The Democratic Party's high
command decided today to fight
its Presidential campaign on two
issues: "Peace and prices.,"
And from one Southerner calne
Now in Effect
For Campus Dances
The Senior Ball photograph
set-up is "on a busiresslike basis,"
the ball committee reported yes-
Meanwhile, Associate Dean of
Students Walter B. Rea said he
hopes that in future every all-
campus dance committee will use
the new photo contract system.
Under the new set-up, sealed
bids for a contract to take Senior
Ball pictures are now being re-
ceived by Lucile Kennedy, Ball
publicity chairman, with a dead-
line set for Saturday,
Wants Student Bids
"A bid has been received from
one commercial photographer al-
ready, but we are hoping that stu-
dents on campus interested in
photography will submit esti-
mates," Miss Kennedy said, "be-
cause we would like as many bids
as possible to choose from."
Dean Rea said that he will send
letters to other dance committee
chairmen suggesting "a clarifica-
tion of responsibility" with a sys-
tem such as is being followed by
the Senior Ball Central Commit-
He outlined four main points:
1. The committee should draw
up a prospectus of services desired
for photographers to base their es-
One person should be designated
to contact interested photogra-
phers and receive their sealed bids.
3. A deadline for bids should be
set and a decision based on the
most advantageous estimate made
by the dance committee as a
4, The final decision should be
made and publicized one week be-
fore the dance.
For outstanding service in the
battle to improve public health,
Dr. Henry F. Vaughn, Dean of the
School of Public Health was hon-
ored at the second annual Post-
graduate Clinical Conference in
Sharing this honor with Dr.
Vaughn was Dr. Emory W. Morris
of Battle Creek, president of the
Kellogg Foundation there.
Dr. Vaughn, in addressing the
conference, emphasized the need
for co-operation between all prac-
titioners and public health pro-
grams, He likened the physician's
office to a public health center
from which is dispensed an ever-
increasing amount of preventive
medicine, in terms of health ed-
ucation as well as specific serv-
Previous to assuming his posi-
tion at the University, Dr. Vaughn
was health commissioner in De-
troit from 1919 to 1941.
Virginia Senate Passes
Beer parties are
Wayne men found
just hold them ina
happens to come a
DofPa.t of alp. Taft; txr F}n lrnc t;?, The cmartet We
Communists To Emerge As
Top Party in Italy--.-Vernon
seemingly ma'ked the high tide charges of drunkel
j of oppolition to the ERP bill. it orderly conduct ye
W rs probably will undergo similar at- Ypsilanti Justice
tacks in the House, however. Mark J. Rust and w
Ta'fIt and seator' Vandenberg choice of $25 fines
At a t ad Snaoraiadetcer
(Rep.,Mich,) clashed in debate jail, or a stmaight
earlier tonight on the question of Thursday nigh
By The Associated Press one Year of four years of aid to breezed into Ray'
WASHINGTON, March 12 --Eur at 1622 Monson C
The House Banking Committee lage and launched
voted today to strip federal of- Open Disagreement The four, Lacy
ficials of maj or authority over This first open disagreement be- Willie Edwards, 34
rent controls and to turn the de- tween the Republican leaders ker, 24; and Har
cision powers over to local rent came after Taft urged adoption of brought their own
boards. the European Recovery Program, sat down and begat
Then the committee approved a with a $4,000,000,000 limit, on the cording to Sheriff's
bill to continue the modified con- chance it might help in "the world ing Wilson couldc
trols for one year, to March 31, battle against Communism." them and eventu
1949. Vandenberg said the bill "con- joined in protesting
>r templates" four years of U.S. as- Finally one of
WASHINGTON, March 1?- sistance. No Congi'ess can bind guests handed M
John L. Lewis hinted today that the next Congress, lie said. But nickel and told h
another nationwide soft coal lec added that lie would feel Sheriff" While sli
strike is around the corner Un- obliged to vote for continuing aid beat a retreat toa
less mine owners meet his pen- beyond the first year if countries arrested on the7
sion demand, on the receiving end lived up to later by Washtenav
. IKtheir obligations. iff's officers.
March 12-Thousands of weeping TRA CK CA XJIIMATE R
women and gravely troubled men -
today paid their final tribute of
tears and flowers to Jan Masaryk.T
NEW YORK,, March 12- in-
a prediction the Solid South
Twould be in on the team play as
usual, despite the civil rights
°4 The Democratic National Exec-
utive Committee met today,
agreed on the main issues, but
- disagreed on civil rights.
nice--but four However, Mrs. Lennard Thomas
that you can't of Montgomery, Ala., said she was
any house that perfectly satisfied" with an an-
along. swer President Truman gave her
aded guilty to on the controversy and added:
!ness and dis- "We're going to stand together
esterday before and work for a Democratic vic-
of the Peace tory."
were given their Other political developments:
and 15 days in At Richmond, the Virginia Sen-
30 days in jail. ate adopted an anti-Truman bill
it they had which would permit the Virginia
Wilson s house Democratic party to name its own
t., Willow Vil- candidate for President
Brown, '48; President Truman, if nominat-
; Hugh E. Ba- ed at Philadelphia, could appear
rry , Milan, 34, on the ballot as the candidate of
case of beer, the "National Democratic Party"
n drinking, ac- or some other name besides the
officers. Noth- "Democratic Party." The aim
do would move would be to withhold Virginia's
ally his wife electoral vote from Mr. Truman
g the intrusion, unless Southern demands win
the unwanted concessions.
Ors. Wilson a Several Southern governors
er to call the came to Washington for another
e called, they huddle on strategy against the
a car but were civil rights program Mr. Truman
road an hour set forth in his message to Con-
w County Sher- gress. They will discuss their plans
By RUSS CLANAHAN
The Communists will probably
become the largest single party in
Italy in the coming April elec-
tions, Dr. Manfred C. Vernon, of
the political science department,
He added, however, that "it is
Anhtfn11 that thev will win alar
Italy promptly, it could be "one of
the mitigating elements" in the
establishment of a strong center
which could win the election.
Aiding this movement would be
the Vatican, which strongly sup-
ports the present De Gasperi cen-
ter government, he said.
"There is little chance of the
S Gd S