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December 18, 1947 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-12-18

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WAGE TWO

t

7THE MICHIGAN fLATLY

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1947

i ra ,. .. a.. ..,.... .. :.,. .:.. ~n..r v ca re +v -r.a.. a :

ilfty-Eighth Year

MATTER OF FACT:
Troubled A llies

BILL MAULDIN

Letters to the Editor ...

Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board In Control of Student Publications.
.Iohn Campbell ...................Managing Editor
rancy Helmick ...................General Manager
Olyde ect ......................City Editor
eanne Swendeman ........ Advertising Manager
Edwin Schneider .................Finance Manager
Lida Dailes .......................Associate Editor
Eunice Mintz....................Associate Editor
D&ck raU ......................Sports Editor
Bob Lent..............Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson ....................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal ..................Library Director
Melvin Tick ..................Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
credited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
igan, as second class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR HIGBEE
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Soviet Inflatton
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
HERE IS A NOTE of glee in most Amer-
ican comment on the discovery that
Russia, too, has an inflation. But there is
something sad in this delight, and some-
thing undignified. The anxiety of many
American editors to prove that Russia is no
better off than the West, that she is having
the same postwar troubles as everybody
else, has something wan and sickly and de-
fensive about it.
It suggests that we are nervous about
compalisonis between our system and
theirs, and are delighted when we can
score a point, which we then joyously
address to the non-listening, and perhaps
non-existent, judges of the great debate.
But we are not going to win this quarrel
in this way. Your man of size does not hope
to save himself through the misfortunes of
another. What difference does it make to us
what happens to Russia? Our job is to make
something good happen to ourselves.
The Russian plan for countering infla-
tion is a crude one. It is based on calling
In the people's savings, and replacing them
with a lesser number of new rubles. Like
all currency repudiation, it involves a
breach of promise. And even if it were
the best plan in the world, the manner
in which it has been presented, full-blown
and complete, to the Russian people, as if
they were so many children, unfit to dis-
cuss their own problems, or to participate
in the solutions, would be sufficient to
make it repulsive. But it is a plan.
The only way we can win this argument
is not to show that the Russians have as
bad an inflation as we have, but that we
have a better plan than they have. So far
we have none at all in operation.
Our delight in the discovery of Russia's
inflation is euxiously revelatory. It lights
up, I think, everything that is wrong in
the attitude we are carrying into the
struggle against our vast opponent. It
hints that we hope to win, not by our
own successes, but by the other fellow's
failures, by the chance that he may yet
stumble on a banana skin, or bump his
head against a cupboard door.
But we don't really need these crossed

fingers, and these malign Wishes. We have
so many better ways of doing what has to
be done. We can, by democratic process,
decide on rationing, for example, which in-
volves no currency repudiation, and takes
no money from anyone, but which tempo-
rarily sterilizes excess wartime gains, and
keeps them from competing in the market:
place for the necessities of life.
It seems to me we were sounder in the
old days, when we depended on our own
efforts to keep up our place in the world,
and when we considered that what others
were doing was of importance chiefly in
Providing themes for the National Geo-
graphic Magazine. In former years that
publication would have run some photo-
graphs of Russian girls in picturesque
native costumes turning in their pic-
turesque native rubles, and that would
have been that.
We had a kind of self-confidence, then,

By JOSEPH ALSOP
jONDON-There is a strong tendency, in
the American administration, in the
Congress and among our people, to take the
British for granted. No doubt there will also
be a tendency to take the French and Ital-
ians for granted, now that the Communists
have been vanquished. This is plain folly.
If the interim aid bill had not been
about to pass Congress, both French and
Italian governments would have been
dangerously anemic and uncertain in their
response to the Communist challenge.
Neither in Rome nor Paris, could the
present disturbances have ended well. In
a different way, despite the weakness of
the British Communist Party, the same
rule applies here in Britain. If most
Englishmen were not counting on the reg-
ular Congressional session to pass the
European recovery program, Britain would
now be desperately searching for a new
foreign policy.
"Of course, every infgrmed man realizes
that if we throw ourselves into the arms
of the Soviet Union, we must end in the
status of Czechoslovakia," one member of
ITt Seems to Me
By DON NUECHTERLEIN
THE CASE of Gerhardt Eisler has pro-
voked a wave of criticism against the
University by certain elements of the stu-
dent body, but after' all the rabble-rousing
has subsided and tempers have cooled down
I believe most students will agree that 'under
the circumstances the University's action
was justified.
In the first place, one most important
question should be answered before we
pass judgment on the University for any
of its actions, namely: "To whom is the,
University responsible for its administra-
tion and policy, the students or to the
community and the state of Michigan?"
Certainly the University is not responsible
to the students, for we are not stockholders
in this institution as we might be in a
corporation. The students of the University.
are enrolled here under the rules and reg-
ulations as set down by a Board of Re-
gents which is responsible to the people of
this state, and not to the wishes of the
students on campus. Thus, when President
Ruthven banned the use of University fa-
cilities by Gerhardt Eisler, he was guided
by the public opinion of Michigan's citizens
and not by the cries of MYDA and other
groups of students.
The University is as much justified in
its action against Eisler as it is in pro-
hibiting the use of automobiles on cam-
pus by students, or in prohibiting smok-
ing in class buildings. For the University
has a reputation at stake, and regardless
of what the situation may be, its first
responsibility is to keep high standards in
this institution and carry out the wishes
of the people of this state.
The question then arises as to why Eisler
should be banned? After all he should be
able to exercise the right of free speech
as guaranteed by our constitution. But
before one passes judgment he should first
realize that Eisler has been convicted of
contempt of Congress for not answering
whether or not he is a member of the Amer-
ican Communist Party. Many arguments
can be raised as to why he did not commit
himself, but the fact remains that he is un-
der conviction and for this reason the Uni-
versity has a just cause for not permitting
him the use of its facilities.
Another point to be considered is that
Eisler himself admits membership in the
German Communist Party. If Eisler is a
good Communist, and most people have
little doubt of that, he must follow the
policy of the Kremlin quite diligently.
This policy calls for the overthrow of the

capitalist system by force is necessary
and establishment of a dictatorship of
the working class. Thus it seems highly
ironical that a man who doesn't believe
in our system of government nor in our
constitutional rights should use them to
protect his right of free speech.
How would it then be possible for the
University of Michigan to allow Eisler the
use of its buildings without bringing a storm
of protest from the citizens of this state
that the University is condoning the prin-
ciples of Eisler? By its action the Univer-
sity is protecting not only itself but the
students on campus who do not believe
Eisler's theories, but who might be called
Communists by persons who did not know
the true situation.
This incident has, however, made it
clear that the University should clarify
its rules regarding guest speakers spon-
sored by recognized student organizations.
There are many students on campus who
are interested in hearing men like Eisler,
not because they believe them, but because
they want to know what they have to
say. It is my suggestion that in the fu-
ture, a man such as Eisler (providing he
has not been convicted of any charges
brought against him) should be given a
full hearing in hill Auditorium so that any
student who wants to can hear what he

the government bleakly remarked to this
reporter. "But it's also true that we can't
conceivably feed our people, keep our in-
dustry going and meet our expensive over-
seas commitments, without a broad, con-
structive American effort to put the Western
World on its feet again. If you weren't
very generously and wisely making that
effort, we should be forced-by bankruptcy
if for no other reason-to try a new policy
of making a deal with the Soviets."
This man was certainly exaggerating
considerably. There is not much need to
fear an actively pro-Soviet British policy.
Yet the results will be grave if the Eu-
ropean recovery bill is gutted or rejected
by the Congress. Britain will certainly
turn bitterly against the United States,
and Britain will immediately divest herself
of all the world burdens-such as the
burden of the German occupation-which
she is now bearing in common with us.
The Soviets have their eye on this pos-
sibility, as the signing of a temporary
Anglo-Soviet trade agreement plainly sug-
gests.
Furthermore, even if we do what the
British regard as our share of the joint job,
there is another problem to be considered.
Behind the petty imitations, mentioned in
a previous report, the Anglo-American rela-
tionship conceals a very curious psycholog-
ical problem.
Very briefly, the great Winston Chur-
chill's greatest single feat of political
virtuosity was the way he dealt with our
government. Therefore, the American offi-
cials reacted rather in the way a pam-
pered convalescent might react, if his
nurse, instead of bringing up his breakfast
tray, suddenly embarked on a long hor-
rible recital about her own aching back,
This obscure but important emotion is
capable, in itself, of producing serious and
harmful divergences of Anglo-American pol-
icy. In short, the Anglo-American partner-
ship wants some very careful re-thinking,
if it is to become, as it obviously must be-
come, the central factor in the West's resist-
ance to Soviet aggression.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Herald Tribune)
Education Report
A RECENT REPORT by President Tr'u-
man's commission on higher education
has recommended an overhauling of the
American educational system to eliminate
European concepts in favor of a system
which is more pertinent "to the needs of the
free citizens of our democracy," to elim-
inate racial segregation, and the "quota
system" which discriminates against racial
and religious groups.
It suggested a wide-spread distribution
of "community colleges," similar to the
present junior colleges to make at least
14 years of education available to all
qualified students. The committee's goal is
4,600,000 students in college by 1960.
There are approximately 2,340,000 enrolled
in the nation's colleges at the present
time.
The committee, headed by Dr. George F.
Zook, president of the American Council
-on Education, has made several specific
proposals:
"1. Reorienting educational programs
and administration to the needs of democ-
racy. Sweeping changes in curriculums.
2. Increasing college enrollment by 1960
to a minimum of 4,600,000 youths between
18 and 21 years old, and 600,000 in profes-
sional and graduate schools.
3. Healing the present rift between edu-
cation for work and education for life.
4. Eliminating the "quota system" op-
erating in many schools and colleges and
the segregation of whites and Negroes.
5. Revising graduate and professional

school education to make it effective for
training well-rounded persons.
6. Expanding federal government support
of higher education.
7. Expanding adult education.
8. Distributing federal aid to education in
a manner that will aid the poorer states to
bring their educational standards closer to
the quality of the wealthier states."
The committee has laid down a good
basic program hittinlg the broad general
defects and insufficiences of our educational
system. Increasing enrollment in our already
crowded colleges will be a difficult and ex-
pensive task but eliminating racial prej-
udice and validly improving the training
offered will be the primary and most for-
midable problems.
Racial prejudice is not erased with dol-
lars; nor is a more democratic education
assured necessarily by changing text
books.
It is important to our philosophy of life
to educate all the people, but it is more
important to have something pertinent and
valuable to teach them.
-Alice Brinkman.

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300twords are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
The Wolf Pack
To the Editor:

"Don't stop talkin' politics 'cause I'm
instructions cover only traffic regulations."

here, fellers. Me

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
urdays).
Notices
THURSDAY, DEC. 18, 1947
VOL. LVIII, No. 74
Veterans who are attending
school under Public Law 16 are
cautioned to consult their train-
ing officers before making. any
changes in course elections. Fail-
ure to obtain clearance for course
changes may result in suspension
or complete loss of educational
benefits under Public Law 16.
Veterans enrolled under Public
Law 346 who do not plan to be in
school during the Spring Semester
1948 are requested to make this
fact knbwn to their training offi-
cer prior to Friday, January 16,
1948.
Faculty and Veteran Students:
The final date for the approval of
requisitions for the purchase of
books, equipment and specialssup-
plies will be Wednesday, Jan. 7,
1948.
New York State Veterans: At-
tention is called to the fact that
New York State World War II
Veterans' Bonus Law will go into
effect January 1, 1948. Every vet-
eran who believes he is eligible
should obtain a full size photosta-
tic copy of his original discharge,
certificate of service, or other sep-
aration documents which show
period, length, and place of serv-
ice. A veteran must have been a
resident of the State of New York
six months prior to entry into
service, and must be a legal resi-
dent of the State at the time of
filing application although at-
tending school outside of the
State.
The period of service covered by
the bonus is from December 7,
1941 to September 2, 1945.
Every county in the State of New
York has a County Veterans'
Service Agency under the name of
the county where veterans may
receive state bonus information.
No applications for the bonus will
be available prior to December 31,
1947.
At a meetig of the University
Committee on Student Discipline
held Decenber 16, 1947, two stu-
dents who were found guilty of
irregular practices in connection
with the student election held
Thursday, November 6, were fined
twenty-five dollars each and were
deprived of the privilege of par-
ticipating in extracurricular ac-
tivities for the remainder of the
current school year 1947-48.
E. A. Walter
Dean of Students
Student Driving Regulations
will be suspended for the Christ-
mas vacation period, beginning at
noon on Fri., Dec. 19, 1947, and
ending at 8:00 a.m. on Mon., Jan.
5, 1948.

A University regulation requires
that all students leaving Ann Ar-
bor for extended vacations must
return libraryhbooks before their
departure. The purpose of this
regulation is to insure the avail-
ability of books for scholars who
wish to use them while the Uni-
versity is not in session.
In accordance with this rule,
students planning to spend
Christmas vacaion outside of
Ann Arbor must return library
books to the Charging Desk of the
General Library (or the proper
Division Library) before leaving
the city.
Special permission to charge
books for use outside Ann Arbor
may be given in case of urgent
need. Arrangements must be
made at the Charging Desk for
books from the General Library or
with Librarians in charge of Di-
visional Libraries.
Students taking library books
from Ann Arbor without permis-
sion are liable to a fine of $1.00
General Library Hours:
During the University vacation
the GeneralhLibrary will be open
8 a.m-6 p.m. daily, beginning Fri.,
Dec. 19, except on the following
days when it will be closed: All
Sundays, Dec. 25, 26, 27, and Jan.
1.
The Divisional Libraries will be
open on short schedules Dec. 20-
Jan. 3. The usual hours are 10-
12 a.m.; 2-4 p.m. Exceptions to
this schedule are:
Engineering and East Engineer-
ing 9-12 a.m.; 2-5 p.m.
Physics 9-12 a.m.
Hospital 8-12 a.m.; 1-5 p.m.
Willow Run 1-6 p.m.
Detroit 10 a.m.-6 p.m.
(Closed Dec. 24 noon-Dec. 28;
Jan. 1, 2, 3)
The Divisional Libraries will be
closed on the same days as the
General Library: Dec. 25, 26, 27,
and Jan. 1.
Interviews for positions with the
Owen's-Illinois Glass Co. will be
held on Thursday, Dec. 18. Open-
ings are in new process develop-
ment for engineers and physicists
with graduate or Bachelor's De-
grees. Requirements: ingenuity,
good scholarship record and pre-
ferably some experience. For an
appointment phone Mrs. Man-
kowski, Extension 748 411-A W.
Engineering Bldg.
Summer Camp Positions: An-
nouncement has been received of
opportunities for men with camp-
ing. experience for summer camp
work in New England. Interested
men, who will be in the New York
area during the holidays, may
make arrangements for interviews
during that period. For complete
information call at Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
/
California State Civil Service
Announcement for Assistant In-
dustrial Hygiene Engineer has
been received. Salary range is
$325-$395. California residence is
not required. Closing date, Jan.
8, 1948,
Michigan Civil Service An-
nouncements have been received
for
Physical Therapist Aide A, I, II,

AMID THE FLURRY of scholar-a
ly and seemingly impotent in-1
dignation at the wolf-pack which1
attempted to break up the Eisler1
talk Monday night, just a word
on what it was like for a non-
partisan and former member of
Sorosis sorority to find her former
chums among the IFC playboys
transformed into a herd of howl-
ing animals-not only at Mr. Eis-+
ler's heels, but at her own!
As a married graduate student
and wife of a part-time news-
paper writer, I went to Felch Park
with my husband: not to throw
snowballs or to cheer; just to
hear what Eisler and Marzani had
to say for themselves. I didn't
even hope to learn enough to be
able to judge their innocence or
guilt. I repeat, I just wanted to
hear what they had to say.
A reporter friend of ours gave
us the address of the place where
Eisler was to hold his press con-
ference, so we went there. The
street was dark and well covered
by IFC scouts whoseyed us sus-
piciously. Having seen the ice-
balls in their hands at Felch Park
it was with some degree of dis-
comfort that we walked down the
street and approached the place
of the meeting. The house was
completely dark and in its shadow
stood MYDA scouts who also eyed
us suspiciously as we went up on
the front porch. We knocked on
the door which opened four
inches.
"Is the press conference here?"
asked..
The door opened all the way
and another figure materialized
out of the shadows to lead us
up the dark.stairs to a small room.
We opened the door and found
ourselves in what was obviously
a student room; a room filled with
pictures of Petty girls.
The shades were drawn and in
a chair sat Eisler dictating a
statement to the press. In an-
other chair sat a man of about 35
who evidently was Marzani and
around the room huddled, sat,
squatted and stood about 15 re-
porters and cameramen, about 5
MYDA people and a few un-
knowns.
We sat and listened and some-
how Eisler seemed very unimpor-
tant here. Certainly more to be
expected than the secrecy which
necessity forced upon the press
conference. The drawn blinds, the
whispers in which everyone talked
and the phone ringing forlornly
and being taken outside the closed
door to be answered all pointed
to a film version of a European
underground meeting.
This feeling of tenseness grew
and narrowed to a cone of fear,
as the mob outside gathered and
their screams and shouts became
audible through the storm win-
dows. At this point representa-
tives of the Detroit papers pulled
out. In the midst of Eisler's state-
ment. Evidently they had no
trouble getting out. The mob was
as yet small.
A. few minutes later a lucky
snowball crashed against the win-
dow behind Marzani and there
wag a snap as the window shade
flew up. At first we thought the
pane had broken and spattered
the room with glass, but only the
outer storm window had been
broken. In a room that small, fly-
ing' glass would have hit every-
one in it. The shade was drawn
and Marzani began to make his
statement.
Suddenly the lights went out.
Roars and cheers were heard from
the crowd outside. It was really
surprising to see the occasionally
hot-headed members of MYDA
go calmly in search of candles.
The police had been called and
called again unsuccessfully. No-
body knew when they finally
came, un-uniformed and silent,
allowing the crowd to go as far
as seemed to them wise.

When the mob broke into the
downstairs we were waiting for
the group in front to leave the
door long enough for 6 of us,
mostly reporters, to get out. Our
chance came and we walked rap-
idly down the steps and through
the mob which yelled "Red" at
us and started moving toward us,
$195-$320. Closing date, Jan. 7,
1948.
Child Guidance Clinic Director
VA, VIA, $565-$800. Closing date,
Dec. 31, 1947. Candidates must
possess .a license to practice medi-
cine in Michigan.
(Continued on Page 3)

actually following us for several
hundred feet.
The frightened cameramen hid
their cameras under their coats to
save them from snowballs and
we all squared our shoulders to
withstand the impact of the mis-
siles thrown at us. We werze't
seriously hurt. But we were plenty
darned scared ...,just because we
wanted to. hear "the other side of
the question."
One bright photographer took
my picture with a spectacular
flash of his bulb. I hope he will
handle it lovingly and show it to
his friends (lots of them) as being
"a real Red caught leaving the
Eisler hole." I could retire on
what a nice libel suit would bring
in.
In closing may I say that I have
read Koestler. Malraux and stories
of the various boys who have lived
and fought under such conditions
for more than the hour in which
I was subjected to the wolf-pack.
And my heart goes out to them.
-C. Reagan Curto.
~. *
Neither Alternitive
To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to commend Mr.
Maloy's fine editorial on the
newly constructed Eisler issue. I
am getting tired of either having
to hold a handkerchief to tre
streaming eyes of Communist
martyrs or being called Red Bait-
er, Fascist, etc., etc.
Mr. Shaffer is particularly good
at finding schemes which all lib-
erals and radicals must have some
sympathy with; enough sympathy
to make a liberal or radical un-
comfortable. At first glance, one
must either dance on free speech
or agree with Mr. Shaffer neither
alternative is likely to appeal to
the thinking non-Communist.
As Mr. Maloy said, the Uni-
versity once again finds itself em-
barrassingly in the wrong. I think
it is very unfortunate that a uni-
versity of the caliber of this one
finds itself consistently outma-
neuvered by a small group of
Communists. It is unfortunate
that The Daily must be almost
weekly inundated by letters all
dealing with the latest red hang-
ing. It is unfortunate that I, or
anyone else, should have to end a
letter which is against Commu-
nists by making explicit the fact
that I am also against other forms
of fascism, such as the banning
of Eisler.
It is unfortunate that the pow-
ers of the University have such
a low regard for the thinking pro-
cesses of the student body that
said powers must be always on
guard lest an idea that they do
not approve of might penetrate
the thick wall of sanctioned verb-
iage. It has been said before, but
it is worth repeating: If the only
way Communism in America can
be stopped is by adopting Com-
munistic methods, why bother?
If one must adapt totalitarian
methods to get rid of totalitarian-
ism where do we end up?
-David SegaL
* * *
Clarification
To the Editor:
CLARIFY The Daily story
which reported the action of
the executive board of the Mich-
igan Committee on Academic
Freedom, as a personal statement
of its chairman, Prof. Brumm, the
following statement of the board
is presented:
In recent weeks several univer-
sities, including the University of
Michigan, have barred certain
persons from speaking on their
campuses. The issue involved in
these cases is much more im-
portant than the banning of par-
ticular speakers or student groups
listed among the Attorney Gen-
eral's 78 "subversive" organiza-

tions. This list was compiled on
executive order, only for reference
purposes in connection with Fed-
eral employment. It has no sanc-
tion as law, and Clark has ex-
pressly stated that it implied no
taint of "guilt by association." It
has remained for college authori-
ties to give legal status to this
informal, listing and the perni-
cious doctrine of guilt by associa-
tion. The more important issue
is the suppression of basic civil
liberties.
The MCAF is unequivocally op-
posed to the increasing threat to
freedom on the college campuses
of the nation.
The Committee condemns the
hysterical, and often cowardly,
application of the term "subver-
sive" or "disloyal" to unpopular
opinions in attempts to discredit
them without a fair hearing. It
holds tenaciously to the convic-
tion that the chief function of ed-
ucation is to discover and promul-
gate truth at whatever hazard
to entrenched privileges and prac-
tices. It believes that no college
or university worthy of its mis-
sion should dare to temporize with
basic civil rights and that these
rights include the right to listen
as well as to speak. This convic-
tion is expressed by the Presi-

f

I

_4

'I

BARNABY . . . . . .

IBloffo is a perfect soldier, Bornaby.

wt ..

Hmm... Yes, as I was saying, he' sIC

..I

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