'THE MICHIGAN DAXILY
T'UESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1946
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
TrumanCo nse rvative 'Captive
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Robert Goldman ..................... Managing Editor
Miltgn Freudenhein.................Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey.......................... City Editor
Mary Brush.........................Associate Editor
Ann Kut ........ ................... Associate Editor
Paul Harsha.................... ....Associate Editor
Clark Baker........................... Sports Editor
Des Howarth.................Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk ..............................W omen's Editor
Lynne Ford..................Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter ......................Business Manager
Evelyn Mills .............. Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork ............... Associate Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: EUNICE MINTZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
T'HE APPALLING shortage of facilities for liv-
ing and studying is perhaps the most obvious
feature of the semester just begun. Many of us
are still looking for a decent place to live and
eat, wasting hours waiting in line for everything
from texts to football tickets.
Yet our troubles are distinguishable from those
of the nation and even of the world, only by the
academic overtones. In common with everyone
else, we need perspective in order to deal suc-
cessfully with such vital yet widely different
problems as the Paris Conference and our next
Helping in the development of such a perspec-
tive will be the most important service of this
newspaper, one to which it is dedicated. But
gaining perspective is only the first battle. The
problems confronting us-housing, "factory"
education, inflated prices, the news commenta-
tors' war with Russia-all these we :must deal
with as members of a University community. As
students, teachers, veterans, non-veterans, all of
us are wrapped up in our contemporary scene
whether we choose to learn about it and think
about it or not. Probably everyone on campus
has recognized the existence of these problems,
and nearly everyone has chosen to try to deal
intelligently with them. The Daily will place it-
self at the service of the thinking majority.
This is an invitation and an appeal to the
University community to use the columns of
The Michigan Daily in expressing its view-
points and insights. We hope that teachers,
administrators and students will freely make
use of such features as the Letters to the Edi-
This semester's Daily will attempt to provide a
much-needed integration of campus opinion.
-The Senior Editors
ISTURBING AND IMPORTANT-as a symp-
tm f what M. Grafton calls America's feel-
ing of insecurity today-is the current attempt
to monopolize literature in this country.
James M. Cain, detective novel writer, ad-
vanced the plan in the 'Screen Writer' in .July.
It provides for an American Authors Authority,
supposedly to cure grievances of American writ-
ers. That sounds very nice, doesn't it? 'Cure
grievances.' So liberal, so just, so overdue. The
Screen Writers' Guild and the Radio Writers'
Guild have already approved the plan.
But lo! all is not well. Along comes an Amer-
ican Writers' Association, formed by fifty
noted American authors, and boldly challenges
Mr. Cain's plan, and not with meek generali-
ties. We believe that this organization's argu-
ments are sensible and should be heeded. Part
of its statement follows.
"The plan is to round up all American authors
in a monopoly controlled absolutely by a five-
man board. Authors will be compelled to surren-
der by the cunning use of certain pressures too
powerful to be resisted."
The American Writers' Association admits re-
forms are due, "but we believe that the need
for these reforms is being used to hurry the en-
tire writing profession in America under the
domination of an authoritarian monopoly which
will be a far more terrible evil than any of the
lesser evils it is intended to correct."
Though cries of Commnunism have been
raised, we see the issue not as political, but as
a moral one, one of basic values-collectivism
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
WITH THE OUSTING of Henry Wallace from
the government, this postwar period of ours
enters a second phase. The foreign policy views
of such men as Taft, Vandenberg, Dulles, Hoover,
and, in lesser sense, Hearst, Pegler, etc., become
triumphant, and sort of official. They have de-
tested Wallace and/or his views, and he is out. It
must be an odd feeling for these men, and hun-
dreds like them, who have felt themselves to be
among the "outs," in governmental terms, these
many years, to realize that they are in the ascen-
dancy in our great internal wrestling match.
A long cycle ends; the hunters become the
hunted; and Wallace and his friends must now
beat against the doors from the outside, as the
men mentioned above had to do for so long.
To Wallace's critics there must now come a de-
licious sense of participation in the affairs and
fortunes of government, a sense of being "in,"
which must be as strange to them as the sense
of being out must be to some others.
This is a change in climate; it is far more im-
portant than Henry Wallace himself, or than the
whole Wallace story, which has merely been the
occasion for making the change visible. This does
not mean that the Democratic party is now the
same as the Republican party, for there are still
wide differences of policy between them, as there
are of membership. It does not even mean that
Harry Truman has ceased to be a liberal. But it
does mean that he has been swamped and over-
whelmed by the bipartisan conservative offen-
sive, that he has become its captive, and that the
flENRY WALLACE has been fired for is-
. suing a statement which, while given by
an official of the Executive department, was in
direct conflict with the official foreign policy of
the United States government. Presumably the
only course open to President Truman was to
ask for Secretary Wallace's resignation.
Disregarding for the moment the direct ef-
fects of this action, there are certain underlying
issues which deserve the most careful, dispas-
First to consider is President Truman's orig-
inal statement as reported by the New York
Times that "he had read and approved Secre-
tary Wallace's speech and that there was noth-
ing in it that conflicted with Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes' address at Stuttgart."
Any subsequent explanation cannot expunge
the meaning of President Truman's original
statement. In fact, in the light of the eventual
dismissal of Wallace from the cabinet we can
only conclude that President Truman simply
was not able to perceive any difference between
the foreign policy stated by Henry Wallace and
the one practiced by Secretary Byrnes.
It took the clamor of the majority of the
nation's press to call this to Mr. Truman's at-
F ONLY TO point to the original approval of
Wallace's statement by the President and the
immediate disapproval in part, by American
communists, it becomes apparent that there was
nothing world-shakingly radical in the Wallace
Actually what Wallace said and what Presi-
dent Truman must have thought he saw in it
was a restatement of what is theoretically our
foreign policy as first stated by Franklin Roose-
Secretary Wallace said: "We must not let our
Russian policy be guided or influenced by those
inside or outside the United States who want
war with Russia. This does not mean appease-
ment. We most earnestly wnat peace with Rus-
sia - but we want to be met half way."
What caused the overwhelming reaction to,
the W a11ae speech in the nation's press
throughout the conservative elements of both
political parties is that we are not pursuing
this theoretical policy and the indication as
echoed by these elements is that now they will
not even tolerate a statement of it by anybody
in the government. The force of this view can
only be measured by considering the immediate
firing of Wallace
One conclusion, and a frightening conclusion
it is, is that our government does not look fc4,-
ward to peace with Russia unless we can have
it on our own terms, which is to say that we
simply do not look forward to peace with Russia.
IN HIS LETTER to Mr. Truman, the former
Secretary of Commerce pointed out that our
future relations with Russia can only be deter-
mined by one of two points of view:
"The first is that it is not possible to get
along with the Russians and therefore war is
"The second is that war with Russia would
bring catastrophe to all mankind and therefore
we must find a way of living in peace.
"It is clear that our own welfare as well as
that of the entire world requires that we main-
tain the latter point of view."
ECRETARY WALLACE has stated the issue
in the clearest, most objective terms. For
this he has been severely rebuked.
It is important not to be sidetracked by any
extraneous issues or emotional prejudices. We
sincerely believe that Henry Wallace is neither
a communist nor a communist sympathizer.
His argument is of too much significance to
be sloughed off. It should be given the most
angry men who have roared and shouted against
liberalism since shortly after March 4, 1933, now
do their roaring inside the house. They set the
tone of life and society within the court, so to
speak, while the liberals sit backstairs, commun-
ing with the kitchen help.
P OOR MR. TRUMAN, sitting there on the seat
of power, being slaped on the back by men
who must in some respects frighten him, cringing
before his new admirers, is, in many ways, an ob-
ject for pity. If we view him as having spent the
last fortnight in a desperate struggle, then some
of the things he has done become a little more
understandable; his approval of Wallace's speech,
then his approval of Wallace's bare right to
speak, and fiinally his repudiatiion of speech and
author, all seem incredibly inept as isolated ac-
tions, but seen as successive stages in a losing
battle, they make a certain amount of sense. He
has lost; and as to whether the liberals can go
in there and rescue their boy remains to be seen.
It will not be easy.
That is what makes this the beginning of a
new phase in our postwar life; though for some
reason the thought evokes little desire for cham-
pagne and celebration. One looks rather to see
if there is a scrap of pemmican about, a warm
coat and thick gloves and other suitable equip-
ment for what may be a long, cold trip.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
MAN TO MAN.:
By HAROLD L. ICKES
HOPE THAT those who are disposed Wo be n-
different about our treatment of alien
strains will read "Citizen 13660" written by Mine
Okubo, and published by the Columbia Univer-
sity Press. Both the illustrations and the short
text tell, without the rancor that would be under-
standable, of the treatment of the Japanese who
were living in this "land of the brave and home
of the free" at the time of the attack on Pearl
As a member of President Roosevelt's ad-
ministration I saw the United States Army
give way to mass hysteria over the Japanese.
The investigation of Pearl Harbor disclosed
that the Army in Hawaii was more intent upon
acts of anticipated sabotage that never oc-
curred than in being alert against a possible
surprise attack by the Japanese.
On the mainland, the Army had taken no pre-
cautionary measures. Then suddenly, it lost its
self-control and, egged on by public clamor, some
of it from greedy Americans who sought an op-
portunity to possess themselves of Japanese
rights and property, it began to round up indis-
criminately, the Japanese who had been born in
Japan, as well as those born here. Crowded into
cars like cattle, these hapless people were hur-
ried away to hastily constructed and thoroughly
inadequate concentration camps, with soldiers
with nervous muskets on guard, in the great
American desert. We gave the fancy name of
"relocation centers" to these dust bwls, but they
were concentration camps nonetheless, although
not as bad as Dachau or Buchenwald.
War-excited imaginations, raw race-prejudice
and crass greed kept hateful public opinion along
the Pacific Coast at fever heat. Fortunately, the
President had put at the head of the War Re-
location Authority a strong and able man who
was not afraid to fight back. Later the President
transferred the agency to the Department of the
Interior. I claim no credit for the result that was
finally attained except that I stood shoulder to
shoulder with Dillon Myer and let my own fists
fly en occasion. Mr. Myer fully deserved the
Medal for Merit with which he was later award-
If we Americans, with the Army in the lead,
made fools of ourselves for which we ought
properly to be ashamed, it must be said that
the American Japanese, with very few excep-
tions, gave anexample of human dignity by
which all of us might profit. However, they
have not had returned to them the property
that was rifled from them, or its equivalent.
A bill was introduced in the recent session of
Congress setting up a commission to pass upon
the claims of these dispossessed American Jap-
anese for property of which they were de-
spoiled. This bill ought to pass and no time
should be lost in making restitution for prop-
erty that was lost or misappropriated.
If the Japanese had been permitted to con-
tinue their normal lives they would have oc-
casioned slight concern. They did not in Hawaii
where the proportion of Japanese is much larger
than in any state on the mainland and where
the temptation to favor Japan was necessarily
much greater. No soldiers wearing the American
uniform gave a better account of themselves than
did the American-born Japanese. Japanese
troops, both from Hawaii and the mainland, as
the Army records show, were outstanding for
bravery, intelligence, endurance and daring.
Their loyalty was not only unimpeachable, but
remarkable, considering the affronts and in-
justices that had been put upon them and their
This whole episode was one in which we can
take no pride. To understand just what we did to
many thousands of our fellow Americans we
should read "Citizen 13660."
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
' Kf J
THE COMPLEXITY of the British
problem in India is being revealed
by the present religious riots. The
streets of Calcutta are lined with the
bodies of thousands of victims of this
.Meanwhile, British delay in find-
ing the solution brings criticism of
their so-called "Imperialism." If we
think of imperialism as the economic
exploitation of one people by another,
then it ended in India in 1922 with
the granting of tariff autonomy to
that country. Since that time In-
dia has changed from a debtor to a
creditor nation with the balance of
trade in her favor. We now find the
Britons forced to raise taxes to pay
the interest on their debts to India.
This change in the relative position
of India and the mother country
lends reason to the affirmed British
desire to pull up stakes, and relin-
quish all ties.
With the people determined to be
free, and the British so anxious to
give them that freedom, one must
wonder why Indian independence
could not have come long ago. The
final hurdle rests in who is to take
over the reins of control when the
present government retires. The
British are determined that civil war
will not follow in the wake of their
withdrawal. By their own acts of vio-
lence the people of India have de-
layed the eventual day which will
bring their rebirth as an independent
MA i .e.N ~ 9 a
Capr. 1046 by United Feafure Syndicfe, Inc.
,th'.ReQ, U. S. Pat. Off.....Aft rights E59!vosd
"I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier ,...
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-t
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angell Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (1100
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24
VOL. LVII, No. 1
Salary Payments for the University
1. Payments will be made in ten
2. The first salary check will be
issued on Oct. 18, for all those whose
Request for Appointment have
cleared the Office of the Provost by
3. A supplementary salary check
will be issued on Oct. 31 for all those
whose Request for Appointment have
cleared the Office 'of the Provost
after Oct. 2 and before Oct. 17.
4. The second salary check will be
issued on Nov. 22.
5. The third and all subsequent
salary checks will be issued on the
last da yof the month starting Dec.
31, the June salary check being a
Rerbert G. Watkins, Secretary
Student Football Admissions: Stu-
dentsawho have not yet received their
football admission tickets must have
presented their physical education
coupons at the Administration Build-
ing, Ferry Field, before 5:00 p.m.,
Thursday, September 26. No student
admission tickets will be available
after that time.
H. O. Crisler
Director of Athletics
LS&A: Transfer Students. Yellow
evaluation sheets must be returned at
once to 1209 Angell Hall, Your offi-
cial admission certificate will not be
made up until this sheet is returned.
Green evaluation sheets are your
own, and need not be returned to our
Civil Service Examination An-
nouncements have been received for
the following positions: Special Edu-
cation, Supervisor III, Special Educa-
tion, Supervisor IV; Arts and Crafts
Instructor A2, Teacher of Adult Blind
Al, and Conservation Education Rep-
resentative III. Envelopes containing
applications for these examinations
must be postmarked not later than
Oct. 16. Anyone interested may re-
ceive further information by calling
at the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201 Mason
The Orientation Period Committee
desires to express to all students who
took part in the Orientation activi-
ties this past week its sincere appreci-
ation of their efficient and loyal serv-
University Lecture. "The Possibili-
ties of Educational Measurement in
Higher Education," by Dr. Kenneth
W. Vaughn, Director of the Graduate
Record Examination and of the Pre-
Engineering Inventory. This lecture
will be of interest to faculty members
and students who are concerned with
the future of objective achievement
and ability tests. The lecture is spon-
sored by the Bureau of Psychological
Services of the Institute for Human
Adjustment. Rackham Amphitheater.
Tues., Oct. 8, at 4:15 p.m.
Dr. Erwin Panofsky, Professor of
history of art in the Institute for Ad-
vanced Studies, Princeton, N.J., will
lecture on Wed., Nov. 6 at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheater under
the auspices of the Department of
Art. His subject will be "Et in Ar-
cadia Ego." The public is cordially
A cademic Notices
COLLEGE OF LITERATURE, SCI-
ENCE AND THE ARTS, SCHOOLS
O F EDUCATION, FORESTRY,
MUSIC AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Students who received marks of I,
X or 'no report' at the close of their
last semester or suminer session of
attendance will receive a grade of E
in the course or courses unless this
work is made up by Oct. 23. Students
wishingan extension of time beyond
this date in order to make up this
work should file a petition addressed
to the appropriate official in their
school with Room 4 U. H. where it
will be transmitted.
Edward G. Groesbeck
Preliminary examinations in
French and German for the doctorate
will be held on Fri., September 27,
4:00 to 6:00'p.m. in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham Building. Diction-
aries may be used.
Graduate Students in Speech: The
exploratory examinations for enter-
ing graduate students in Speech will
be given at 4 p.m., Tues., Oct. 1, in
4203 Angell Hall.
Anthropology 31, M.W.F. 9:00 will
meet in 348 West Eng.
Anthropology 112, M.W.F, 10:00
will meet in 2003 Natural Science.
Business Administration 123: All
students who have elected the above
course should report to East Lecture
Room, Rackham Bldg., on Wed. Sept.
25, at 2:00 p.m. for class assignments.
Chemistry 55. Laboratory space for
a few students is now available in the
section meeting W, 1:00-5:00, S, 8:00-
12:00. Apply at Room 274 Chem.
Wed. at 1:00.
J. . aford
English 211b, the Proseminar in the
Literature of the Renaissance, will
meet in 403 Library on Tuesday at
English 211g, Proseminar in Ameri-
can Literature, will meet today from
4:00-6:00, in 408 Library.
English 300H, Seminar in American
Literature, will meet Thursday; Sept.
26, from 2:00-4:00, in 308 Library.
J. L. Davis
Students who have elected my sec-
tion will please report at Room 1220
Angell Hall, Wednesday, September
25, at 4:00 p.m.
E. A. Walter
Honors 101. The first meeting of
The Christian Science Organizatioan
at the University of Michigan will
hold its meeting at 8:15 tonight in
the Chapel of the Michigan League
Building. Students, faculty, and
friends are cordially invited.
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMIN-
ISTRATION: A convocation for fac-
ulty and students will be held on
Thursday, Sept. 26, at 3:30 p.m. in the
large lecture hall in the Rackham
Building. Dean Stevenson will speak.
A coffee hour will follow from 4 to
6 o'clock in the assembly hall on the
First Gargoyle Meeting: An all-
staff meeting of the Gargoyle will be
held for all interested persons at 4
p.m. Wed. in the Gargoyle office in
the Student Publications Building. All
eligible persons, who have potential
ability in literary, make-up, art, and
advertising work are urged to attend
Reserve Officers Association will
meet at 7:00 p.m. Wed., Sept. 25 at
the Michigan Union. All reserve of-
ficers are urged to attend.
American Veterans Commititee,
first meeting of the semester, Michi-
gan Union at 7:30 p.m., Wed., Sept.
Willow Run chapter of AVC will
meet at West Lodge, 8:00 p.m.,
Thurs., Sept. 26. All veterans, male
or female, who live at Willow Village
are invited to attend. AVC members
of other chapter affiliations who are
now residing at the Village are espe-
MICHIGAN SAILING CLUB: All
pre-war members and members with
the exception of summer members of
Meeting of the above members on
Wed. evening, Sept. 25 at 7:00 in the
Michigan Union, Room 308. Officers
will be elected and plans for the com-
ing semester will be discussed. Dues
for the semester may be paid at this
time. Please leave a note at the Un-
ion Desk if you are not able to attend
the meeting as our membership list
will be made up from those In at-
tendance and any written excuses.
ALPHA PHI OMEGA, the national
service fraternity, will hold its first
meeting Wed., Sept. 25 at the Michi-
gan Union at 7:30. All members are
requested to attend. Any man on
campus who was a member before the
war, or who belonged at another
school, is cordially invited to come
to this meeting.
TAU BETA P: All graduate and
undergraduate members who desire
to take an active part in the chapter
during the Fall Semester are cor-
dially invited to attend a dinner
meeting at the Michigan Union on
Thursday evening, Sept. 26. Mem-
bers will please assemble in the South
lounge of the Union promptly at 6:15
Mortar Board: There will be a
meeting of all members on Wed.,
Sept. 25 at 7:15 p.m. in the Under-
graduate Office of the League.
Meat Ceilings Back
Restoration of meatrceiling prices
when meats are so scarce confronts
price control with its greatest crisis.
The situation plays right into the
hands of those who want to destroy
control and let profits run wild.
'TnTa n CC'11'a O' isa to f ni +
Orr prfessio fnal credifs will impress ,
Mr. Golebrick- Naturally. But there's
discipline." We must prove that we.. .
s'auian rr:waav ruf