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December 14, 1946 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-12-14

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Workable Atomic Control

TrHPISSUE of evolving a workable means
for control of atomic energy has been
so battered by being tossed back and forth
between the United States and Russia that
the fundamental points of controversy have
been obscured. Clarification of the differ-
ences in the plans of the two factions has
become a necessity.
The Baruch Plan put forth by the U.S.
has three main points:
(1) The establishment of an Atomic De-
velopment Authority on an international
level which will have under its dominion
the natural resources of atomic energy, have
complete managerial control of primary
production plants as well as the products
of these plants and conduct research ex-
periments both in the fields of atomic ex-
plosives and peacetime benefits of atomic
It has been pointed outthat this Author-
ity must keep abreast of all developments
in' the field of atomic energy in order to be
an effective control agency capable of rec-
ognizing illegal diversion of materials at
the earliest moment.
(2) The establishment of a system of in-
ternational inspection to be conducted by
the Authority and not subject to the great
power veto operating in the Security Council.
(3) The establishment of a system of
sanctions to be employed against the vio-
lator of any rules governing use of atomic
energy without a veto.
Bernard Baruch, U.S. representative on
the Atomic Energy Commission, has stated
that "punishment lies at the very heart
of our present security -system" and that
"there must be no veto to protect those
who violate their solemn agreements not
to develop or use atomic energy for de-
structive purposes."
The Russians, in contrast with our plan,
do not mention an international authority
but propose to leave actual development of
atomic energy under national control.
The original Russian proposal, presented
by Andrei Gromyko, Soviet representative
on the Atomic Energy Commission, pro-
vided for an impotent group of obliga-
tions by nations in regard to proper use
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

of atomic energy. There were no pro-
visions for enforcement and the plan
rested on nothing more stable than the
word of honor of all states not to perpet-
uate a "serious crime against humanity."
Any punitive legislation would be national
in character.
Recently, however, Mr. Molotov appeared
to revoke Mr. Gromyko's original statement
that the United States plan was not ac-
ceptable either "in whole or in part" to
the Soviet Union.
On Dec. 4, Mr. Molotov made a state-
ment, commenting on point two of the
American plan as listed above, to the effect
that Russia did not intend that the Security
Council should retain control over the day-
to-day operation of the inspection com-
mission. "Consequently, it is entirely wrong
to consider the matter in the light that
any government possessing the "right of
veto" will be in a position to hinder the
fulfillment of the control and inspections."
THIS apparent volte-face on the part of
the Russian foreign minister seemed to
bring the two countries in agreement on at
least one aspect of the American plan of
control. However, on Tuesday of this week
Mr. Molotov again appeared to reverse his
When Sir Hartley Shawcross, of Great
Britain, proposed a plan whereby the com-
mission for arms inspection and control
should be set up outside the range of the
Security Council veto, which seems con-
sistent with the above statement, Mr. Molo-
tov accused him of asking delegates to "un-
dertake a revision of the UN Charter."
Mr. Molotov also appears to be voting
against his own troop census resolution
this week; it may be that he has received
a change of orders from home. Whatever
the reason for these sudden switches in
attitude, the (Nestion of atomic energy
control seems to be right back where it
The Russians are opposed to all three
major premises of the Baruch Plan, es-
pecially the last, where it is proposed that
punishment for a threat to or breach of the
peace is to be imposed without the Se-
curity Council.
However, if Mr. Molotov believes he can
make the U.S. recede from her chosen stand
by a play on words, he will find he is mistak-
en. This country, as the creator and pos-
sessor of the bomb, is fully awar~e of what
must be done to control it. If the U.S. re-
mains firm on this point, Russia must even-
tually yield. -
-Phyllis L. Kaye

Regulations Ignored

Trouble Brewn g
LAKE SUCCESS- A storm is blowing upI
that might endanger the existence of
the United Nations.
At present the trouble in Iran is confined
to the threat of a civil war unleashed by
Prime Minister Ghavam for the purpose of
recovering his all but lost province of Aze r-
baijan. But should the Soviets take a hand
in this fight, either by active intervention
or by blatantly supplying the Azerbaijanee
insurgents under Communist Pishevari with
arms, then something might develop that
would blow the U.N. Security Council sky
For however much they disagree, prac-
tically all delegates here agree that the one
thing UN cannot stand is further cannibal-
ism among its members.
It was in deference to this feeling - and
to the strong protests that this feeing en-
gendered-that caused the Soviets to pull
their troops out of Iranian Azerbaijan last
May about two months after the promised
But the Soviets left behind an "autono-
mous" puppet government under Stalin's
old personal friend Pishevari. Calling it-
self democratic, this gentlemen's Tudeh
Party ruled the province, not in the inter-
ests of Iran but of the Soviet Union.
To consolidate his position, Pishevari
needed only to hold his share of the prom-
ised National elections under Tudeh con-
trol. Elections in that part of the world
habitually confirm the actual rulers in office.
Premier Ghavam knew this just as well
as Pishevari. Therefore, if he intended n
to lose his province for keeps, he had either
to postpone elections and wait for some-
thing favorable to turn up, or to send his
own troops into Azerbaijan and hold elec-
tions that would, under those circumstances,
be likely to result in a success for the cen-
tral government parties.
Some smart Iranians urged Ghavam to
wait. Instead, the Premier decided that
it was now or never. In this decision he
had American backing. For having felt
itself double-crossed by the wily Persian
last spring during the Iranian dispute,
our State Department was taking no
chances on being caught too far out on
the limb of a Persian rose bush a second
Ghavam announced that elections would
be held December 7, pushed the Azerbaijanee
insurgents out of the border town of Zan-
jan, and prepared to send them into Azer-
baijan province to keep order during the
Pishevari in Tabriz screamed his defiance.
The Tudeh newspapers in Teheran ac-
cused a "third power" (meaning the United
States) of "interfering in Iran" and invoked
the 1921 treaty between Iran and Soviet
Russia. By this treaty Russia would have
a right to send troops into Iran in case of
intervention in that country by a "third
The Soviet government - through its am-
bassador in Teheran - gave Ghavam first
a "friendly admonition" not to act against
Pishevari, then an open threat.
Ghavam postponed the elections a week
and acted. His ambassador in Washington,
Mr. Ala, called the attention of the Amer-
ican State Department, of British Foreign
Minister Bevin and of the UN Security
Council to Moscow's threats.
Washington has approved Ghavam. So
has American Ambassador George Allen in
Teheran. Foreign Minister Bevin has said
nothing. The Iranian case has been on
the agenda of the Security Council since
last Spring and can be taken up at an
hour's notice.
If Russia gets into a fight between
Ghavam and Pishevari, the Security Coun-

cil and the Anglo-Saxon powers will sup-
port Ghavam.-up to a point.
For Azerbaijan is formally a Persian
province and Ghavam is premier.
In the process, all hopes of world-wide
settlement with the Russians would go
Should Moscow, on the other hand, keep
strictly out of the fight, even if this means
Pishevari's defeat and the loss of Soviet
local prestige, then Russia would have gone
a long way to convince the UN delegations
that it is willing to call a halt to expansion
and contribute its share to peace.
Highly placed members of the UN Secre-
tariat believe that Russia wants peace
enough to make this sacrifice.
Meanwhile the future of the UN is at
(Copyright 1946, Press Alliance, Jnc)
THE STARTING POINT of any funda-
mental transformation of our industrial
relations from one cf latent or open civil
war to one of peace and partnership must
... be a willingness on the part of manage-
ment to get rid of the beam in its own
eyes before beginning to work on the mote
in labor's eye. The first job management
has to do is to acknowledge the fact that
it does not known how the worker sees
things from his angle of vision, that it does
not understand how the worker acts and re-
acts, and that it is management's job to find

Publication in The Daily official
Blleti, (o0i, i 7notice to all Academic Notices
members of the University. Notices
for the luftetin should be sent in Mathematics 300: Orientation
typewriften form to the office of the Seminar, Monday, Dec. 16,, Rm.
Assistant to the President, Room 1021 3001 Angell Hall, at 7 p.m. Mr. Al-
Angell hal, y 3:00 p.m on the day . Erskine will review the
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
urdays) Banach-Tarski paper on Equiva-
lence of Point Sets by Finite De-
FREIDAY, DEC'M R 14, 1946 compositions.
VOL. LVII, No. 70
Dynamical Systems Seminar:
Notices Mon., Dec. 16, at 3 p.m., 3201 An-
gell Hall. Mr. Shapiro will speak
Users of the Daily OCfic 1Bul- on 'Birkhoff's Theory."
etin. Need of conserving space
makes ncessary the following an- Exhibitions
nouncements. (1) Notices of meet-
ings of organizations will be re- ; The Museum of Art presents
stricted to the name of the organ- Prints by George Rouault, and

SOME University students - and faculty
members - seem to think that rules are
created to be ignored. Their first thoughts
are of their own needs and comforts. Their
considerations of the comforts and safety
of the campus community are lax.
Trade Orgyanizationt
rrE State Department's plan for a round
table meeting of 18 countries to engage
in large scale tariff cutting is the first step
in a plan designed to eliminate two-way
trade agreements between nations and their
harmful effects on international trade. The
immediate aim of the conference is to open
more foreign marKets for American goods,
but it is also hoped that this meeting will
serve as a beginning from, which an Inter-
national Trade Organization can be de-
The idea of group bargaining for trade
concessions is something new. It is being
tried in the belief that each country will
agree to lower tariffs if it is sure that its
competitors are also reducing their rates.
If it works, the result will be the greatest
change of tariff and trade practices in his-
tory. The object of the conference is not
so much to lower the rates on goods that
are now entering foreign countries as to
put the products of all nations on an equal
competitive basis. This will be done by
doing away with the two-way trade deals
between nations which result in prohibitive
tariff rates on goods from other countries
and cut off their markets.
The agreement which may come out of
the conference is expected to serve as a
working example of the effectiveness of an
International Trade Organization. A meet-
ing to consider this subject has already been
held, but before a general world conference"
is called, the United States wants concrete
proof of the practicability of the plan. An
agreement put in operation by a dozen or
more big nations would provide this proof.
In addition to serving as an example,
the' proposed trade agreement would also
act as a lever on countries which other-
wise might not be willing to join in an
International Trade Organization. Con-
cessions which are made among the mem-
ber nations would probably be denied to
outsiders. Most of the important trading
areas will be included in the conference
and in this way a forceful argument for
expanding a trade agreement into an In-
ternational Trade Organization is offered
to countries which otherwise might hold
-Allegra Pasqualetti
The only effective way to prevent mass

Specifically, I am referring to cigarettes
and fires. A long-standing regulation, en-
acted by the Board of Regents, prohibits
smoking within University educational build-
ings. This regulation has been tradition-
ally overlooked by many students and fac-
ulty members. With buildings unprecedent-
edly crowded this semester, it is extremely
important that every effort be made to
prevent fires, especially in the older struc-
tures. on campus.
The University, as Vice-President Robert
P. Briggs has pointed out, has undertaken
every possible measure to prevent fires. It
is the responsibility of every student and
faculty member to help insure campus safety
by not smoking in buildings. Fires won't
just happen; they must be started. -And, if
we can help avoid them by conforming to
a regulation promulgated for our own wel-
fare, the only sensible conduct is to obey.
-Mal Roemer
0Campus Mores : Cli p joint
'Never a Cover Charge'
ELLEN HILL, president of the League
Council, has authorized this column to
mention her name in this column and to
quote her as pointing out that the men's
washroom facilities recently wiped from the
face of the League lobby are in some sense
replaced by two washrooms that have al-
ways existed on the League's second floor.
We were just getting adjusted to this new
easier, more sane, state of affairs when we
received "An Open Letter to the Michigan
League" from one R. R. Davidson.
Davidson points out that of the two sec-
ond floor washrooms, "the larger and more
beautiful belongs to the (Lydia) Mendel-
ssohn Theatre and would thus be unattain-
able while a performance was transpiring
on the stage."
"The other . . is unfortunately inside
the portals of the mysterious Casbah. To
enter this smaller refuge would, during
Casbah hours, cost one dollar ($1.00).
Davidson describes this situation as "a
grotesque inflation."
Furthermore, Davidson claims, a "League
official" recommended to him the use of
the Rackham Building, and intimated that
she was irritated by the presence of men
in the corridors bordered by the Grand
Rapids and Hussey Rooms. The objection
here is that Rackham is for the exclusive
use of graduate students.
Davidson claims that men provide the
League with 50 per cent of its reveue; if
"if. mvicz', +fnhp rid ofthe men ...the

ization concerned, day, time, and
place of meeting, and name of
speaker and subject. (2) Notices1
for the D.O.B. must be typewritten
and should be triple-spaced for
editorial convenience.-
F. E. Robbins
To All Chairmen of Departments:g
Please call Extension 437 in the
Business' Office and order the1
number of Ann Arbor telephone
directories needed in your depart-
ment. You are entitled to one for
each instrument. Delivery will be
made by campus mail when direc-
tories are available, presumably,
about Dec. 6. Please return obso-
lete directories to the messenger.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
All hooks which have been re-
moved from the libraries of the
University without being properly
charged should be turned in at the
Circulation Department on the
second floor of the General Li-
brary during the week of Decem-
ber 16-20, 1946.
The assistance of all members
of the University in restoring such
books to the Library collections is
earnestly requested.
Warner G. Rice, Director
Orientation Advisers: Thirty to
forty men are needed to serve as
orientation advisers from Feb. 3
until Feb. 8. Advisers will receive
two meals per day. Veterans and
non-veterans from all schools are
needed. If interested, leave your
name and phone number at the
Registrar's Office, 107 Mason Hall,
or contact Al Farnsworth at the
Union Student Offices.
Campus Parking Permit Plates
for 1947 are now ready for dis-
tribution at thetInformation Desk,
Rm. 1, University Hall.
Please apply only after having
procured 1947 license plates from
the local office of the Secretary
of State.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
Pre-Medical Student Registra-
tion for Professional Aptitude
Test. Pre-medical students who
aie bona fide applicants to the
1947 freshman class in this and
other medical colleges must regis-
ter for the Association of Amer-
ica Medical Colleges Professional
Aptitude Test in Rm. 100B, Rack-
ham Bldg., Dec. 16, 17, or 18. This
examination will be given from
9:00-12 noon and 1:30-4:00 p.m.,
Sat., Jan. 11; 1947, Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. All applicants to the
1947 freshman class in colleges of
medicine will be expected to pre-
sent results on this Professional
Aptitude Test.
Lunchrooms have been made
available by the University to stu-
dents and members of the Univer-
sity staff who bring their lunches.
Room 316 of the Michigan Un-
ion and the Russian Tea Room,
opposite the cafeteria on the main
floor, of the Michigan League are
being used for lunchrooms.
School of Education Faculty
nmeetinggt 4:15 p.m., Mon., Dec.
1, University Elementary School
We have received notices of
Civil Service positions in Michigan
(School Instruction Supervisor)
and Illinois (Aircraft instructor).
Also have information regarding
excellent teaching positions for
graduate civil and mechanical en-
gineers in god technical schools
and colleges throughout the coun-
tiry. We shall be glad to discuss
these positions with qualified and
interested candidates. Please call
at the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall.

Mr. Thompson and Mr. Eliason
of North America Companies,
Philadelphia, will be at the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall,
on Tuesday, December 17, to inter-
view men who are graduating in
February and are interested in an
Executive Training program with
a property insurance company.
Call 4121, extension 371, for an ap-


African Negro Sculpture, in the
galleries of Alumni Memorial
Hall, Dec. 4-20; weekdays, except
Mondays, 10-12, and 2-5; Sundays
2-5; Wednesday evening, 7-9. The
public is invited.
Exhibit of student work of the
Cooper Union Art School, New
York, will be current from Dec. 5
to 20, ground floor corridor, Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
Michigan Takes Shape - a dis-
play of maps. Michigan Histori-
cal Collections, 160 Rack,ham.
Hours: 8-12, 1:30-4:30 Monday
through Friday; 8-12 Saturday.
Lecture: Prof. P. W. Slosson,
History Department, Prof. M.
Thomson, Sociology Department,
Michigan State Normal College,
and others will lecture on the sub-
ject, "The Armenian Question," at
8:00 p.m. Sun., Dec. 15, Rackham
Lecture Hall; auspices of Tau
Beta Pi and Eta Kappa Nu Honor
Societies and the Armenian Stu-
dents Association.
Events Today
University Radio Program:
Saturday -2:00 p.m. Station
WJR, 750 Kc. "Stump the Profes-
sor"-Randolph Adams, Frank
Robbins, and Arthur Hackett,
Amos Morris, George Kiss, and
Waldo Abbot.
Saturday - 10:45 p.m. Station
WJR, 750 Kc. "Common Miscon-
ceptions about Cataracts"-Dr.
John Henderson, Instructor in
Unitarian Student Group Christ-
Party at the Church House. Carol-
ing, Tree Decorating, Games, etc.
8 p.m.
Coming Events
The U. of M. Chapter of the In-
tercollegiate Zionist Federation of
America is celebrating Hanukah
with a gala festival at the Hillel
Foundation on Sunday, Dec. 15,
from 7:00 to 11:00 p.m.
Engineering Students: A repre-
sentative of the Glenn L. Martin
Company of Baltimore, Maryland,
will interview February graduates
on Tuesday, January 7, 1947, in
the Lobby office of East Engineer-
ing. He is interested in Aeronau-
tical, Mechanical, Electrical and
Civil Engineers receiving bachelors
or higher degrees, and in Physi-
cists and Mathematicians receiv-
ing masters or doctors degrees. If
interested, sign interview sheet o
Aeronautical Bulletin Board.
A Laboratory Bill of One-Act
Plays will be presented by the de-
partment of speech Thurs.., Dec.
19, 8:30 p.m. in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Admission is free to the
public but tickets must be picked
up at the theatre box office the
day of the production. The three
plays to be given include "Riders
to the Sea," by J. N. Synge, "Over-
tones," by Alice Gerstenberg and
"Xingu" by Thomas Seller.
Astronomical Solloquium, Tues.,
Dec. 17th, 4:15 p.m., University
Observatory. Mr. Harry Bendler
speaks on "Kinematics of South-
ern B-Stars."
The Art Cinema League pre-
sents a British mystery film
Hitchcock's "39 STEPS," with
Madeleine Carroll and Robert
Donat. Friday, Saturday, 8:30
p.m. Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Phone 6300 for reservations. Box
office opens 2 p.m. daily.
Student Recital: Nina Goehr-
ing, violinist, will present a recital

#in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m.
Tues., Dec. 17, Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Program: compositions
by Franck, DeFalla, and Proko-
fieff, and three of her own violin
pieces. Miss Goehring is a pupi
of Gilbert Ross. The public is in-

Michigan Dames' Music Group
will meet at the home of Mrs. Paul
Cairns, 520 E. William, at 8:15
p.m., Mon., Dec. 16. Charles L.,
Taylor, Directeor of Male Lyra
Chorus, Tenor, soloist, accompan-
ied by Miss Irene Boyce.
..All members of the Russky
Kruzhok, Russian Circle, are in-
vited to a Christmas party at 8,
p.m. Monday in the International;
Center. Following a business meet-
ing, there will be a program of
skits and anecdotes, group singing,
and games. Tea from the samovar
and refreshments will be served.
There will be a compulsory
meeting of Scroll on Thurs., Dec.
19 at 5 o'clock. The roomuwill be
posted on the League Bulletin
Board. Any member unable to at-
tend please notify Ann Lippin-
The University of Michigan Hot
Record Society will hold a meeting
at 8 p.m., Sunday, the 15th, in the
Hussey room of the League. There
will be a lecture and a record con-
First Presbyterian Church.
Morning Worship Service at 10:45
a.m. Dr. Lemon will preach an
Advent Sermon on "World on Tip-
toe." The Westminster Guild will
have an all-musical program in
the Chancel following the "Mes-
siah" concert. The Christmas Pro-
gram is in charge of James Mc-
Fadden, Maryjane Albright, and
Lizbeth Hildebrandt. The Roger
Williams Guild of the Baptist
Church will be guests at the sup-
per following.
First Congregational Church.
10:45 a.m. Public Worship. Ser-
mon Subject "A BOASTFUL
6:00-8:00 p.m. Congregational-
Disciples Guild Annual Christmas
Tea at Memorial Christian Church.
Memorial Christian Church
(Disciples of Christ) Morning
Worship 10:50. Rev. F. E. Zendt
preaching on "Christmas Eyes."
Congregational-Disciples Guild
Christmas Tea this afternoon 6-8
p.m., at the Disciples Church.
The Lutheran Student Assoia-
tion will meet Sunday at 5:30 p.m.
in Zion Lutheran Parish Hall. The
Christmas program will follow the
supper hour and will be given at
7:30 in Zion Lutheran Church.
Bible Hour will be held at 9:15 a.m.
at the Center. There will be no
Church History Class on Tuesday.
Both Trinity and Zion Lutheran
Churches will have Sunday morn-
ing worship services at 10:30
St. Mary's Chapel: Father Declan
Egan C.P. will conduct the annual
Retreat beginning Sunday and
continuing through Tuesday. Serv-
ices will be at 5:10 and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday through Tuesday. Masses
on Monday and Tuesday will be at
6:30, 7:00, 8:00, and 9:00.
Grace Bible Church: 10:00 a.m.,
Bible School; 11:00 a.m., Pictures
of the Lord Jesus in the book of
Leviticus; 12:00 noon, Beginning a
new session of Bible School; 12:45
p.m., "Your Radio Choir" over
WPAG; 6:00 p.m., Student Guild;
7:00 p.m., Baptismal Service; 7:30
p~m., "Lost and Found."
First Church of Christ Scientist,
409 S. Division St.
Sunday morning service at 10:30
Subject, "God the Preserver of
Sunday School at 11:45.

Wednesday evening service at
Unitarian - Friends' Church
School: 10 a.m. Adult Study Group
led by Mr. Leonard Keller discuss-
ing Prof. Northrup's book, "The
Meeting of East and West."
11:00 a.m., Service of Worship.
Sermon by Rev. Edward H. Red-
man on "What About Fundamen-
6:30 p.m., Unitarian Student
It's not much use offering press
freedom to impoverished peoples
as a substitute for rice, education
on decent housing. Nobody seri-
ously proposes that the Russians
adopt Western-style press freedom
when they already find themselves
impelled to undertake a tremen-
dous nationalistic and ideological
drive, involving horrendous word-
pictures of the foreign devil, tc
keep their people working at back-
l breaking tasks.
-The New Republic

HIYDJA's answer . .
To the Editor:
R. La Plante, self-confessedly
an "obsolete democratist," af-
ter a confused and ambiguous at-
tempt to discredit the AYD, seems
to come to two conclusions, (1)
AYD originated from the YCL,
and (2) AYD's leadership on the
national level is communistic.
His first contention can best be
answered by calling his attention
to the initiating convention of the
A Y D. Yes, there were Young
Communist League leaders pres-
ent, but they were but a part of
the five hundred youth, repre-
senting a broad and democratic
base. Outstanding among the del-
egates were Naomi Ellison, Na-
tional President of the Industrial
Division of the YWCA; Winifred
Norman, president of the National
Council of Negro Youth; John
Gallo. Activities Director of the
Ford Local 600 of the UAW-CIO;
Whitey Goodfriend, torpedoed
merchant seaman, chosen by the
OWI as the most typical of Am-
erican Youth; and Carl Ross,
president of the New York YCL.
The AYD has never, nor does
it now, deny the participation
of tormer YCL members in this
organization; the r e as on of
course being very obvious - be-
cause the AYD welcomes mem-
bers of all political creeds who
are earnestly desirous of solv-
ing the problems of all youth
in America.
As regards his second conten-
tion, his inference that the whole
of the AYD leadership is com-
munistic is as absurd as it is
general. That there are Com-
munists in the leadership is not
disputed. But, the national lead-
ers are demcratically elected by
all of the membership -just as
the leadership in every local chap-
ter is democratically elected. This
insidious generalization is no more
or less than the usual inference
ihade against every organization
which works on a progressive
platform. The AYD, in its out-
look, has never iptegrated within
its platform the YCL's Marxist
approach to the American scene.
It has, from its initiation, worked
for reform within the existing ec-
onomic system of the United
Our platform, our work speaks
for itself. In 1944, we carried the
fight on this campus for a sol-
dier's vote. Last spring, AYD car-
ried out a successful rally against
the fascist dictator, Franco. On
the basis of President Truman's
statement of December, 1945, on
a Democratic China, we organized
and carried out a campaign for
the withdrawal of American Ma-
rines from China. Today we are
fighting in every way possible for
full equality for all citizens, Jor
full employment, for veteran's
housing, for a decent living stan-
dard for all people, for expanded
school facilities. In short, we are
working for a prosperous and free
In closing, I would like to in-
form Mr. La Plante that CCNY
has not only authorized an AYD
chapter, but has placed an office
and mimeograph machine at its
-John Houston
Pres., MYDA

I 3Xiji3a at


Fifty-Seventh Year
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