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November 26, 1946 - Image 1

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REGENT

Y

BACK$ REFORM
See Page 4

Latgst Deadline in the State

D~Ait

CLOUDY,
COLDER

VOL. LVII, No. 55 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1946
U r

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S., Britain
Vie on Troop
Census Issue
Expect Molotov
To Oppose Check
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Nov. 25
-The United States split with
Great Britain today on a British
proposal to the United Nations Po-
litical Committee for an "on-the-
spot" doub'e-check of a troop cen-
sus demanded by Soviet ,Russia.
Russia did not tip her hand but
Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Mol-
otov is expected to oppose the Brit-
ish proposal when he speaks again
to the committee. The debate will
be resumed tomorrow at 11 a.m.
(EST).
Agree on Home Forces
The United States and Britain,
however, are in complete accord
that any troop inventory should
include troops at home as well as
in foreign territories. Molotov has
not yet accepted a count of home
forces, insisting that should come
when his proposal for worldwide
arms limitation is taken up later.
After a weekend devoted to
fruitless efforts to bring some
agreement into the troop inven-
tory picture, Philip Noel-Baker
chief British delegate, told the
committee this morning that the
Russian proposal for counting
troops only in foreign lands was
not "adequate." He insisted, as
did Foreign Secretary Ernest Bev-
in, of Britain, and the United
States last week, that home forces
must be counted. Then he put for-
ward this latest proposal in an al-
ready complicated picture:
That the information, to be fur-
nished as of Jan. 1, 1947, and on
Jan. 1, 1947, "should be immedi-
ately subjected to an effective
United Nations system of verifi-
cation on the spot by a committee
to be established by the Security
Council before that date."
Bids for Disarmament
U. S. Senator Tom Connally
(Dem., Tex.), chairman of the
Senate's foreign relations cdmmit-
tee, followed with a call to the
committee and to the whole United
States for an immediate start on
discussions on the "whole problem
of disarmament."
Connally quite plainly did not
back Noel-Baker's plea for verifi-
cation of the figures and a spokes-
man for the U. S. delegation said
the United States would vote
against that idea.
Russia has stoutly fought
against American proposals for
complete inspections in any atomic
energy control. plan and, based on
Russian remarks on that point,
Molotov may speak at length
against the British verification
plan.
Trieste Plan
Advanced by
Soviet Move
NEW YORK, Nov. 25-(1)-
Russia dropped tonight her objec-
tion to granting the governor of
Trieste emergency powers to curb
internal disorders.
Persons present at the delibera-
tions of the foreign ministers'
council said that Soviet Foreign
Minister Molotov had withdrawn
his protest against giving the gov-
ernor the special powers to main-
tain "public order and respect of

human -rights."
The action came following a
lengthy private huddle between
Secretary of State Byrnes and
Molotov, the first they have held
since Paris. Informed quarters
would say only that they discussed
the work of the council.
The Byrnes-Molotov meeting
was held at the Soviet foreign
minister's bidding. It lasted for an
hour and a quarter. The nature of
their conversations remained se-
cret. The fact that the Soviet
spokesman sought the interview
lent strength to the belief that
there is mounting concern among
the four powers over the lack of
progress made during the session
of the foreign ministers' council
on peace pacts for the Axis sate-
lites and on getting a start on
the German treaty.
St. Paul Schools
Closed by Strike
ST. Paul, Minn., Nov. 25--(P)~
Union teachers striking for, high-
er salaries closed St. Paul's public

Vets Use Up Savings
In Absence of Checks
Parents, Wives, 'U' Loans Support Men
Awaiting GI Allotments, Survey Reveals

By STUART FINLAYSON
The failure of government sub-
sistence checks to arrive on time
is causing most student veterans
to use up their war-fostered sav-
ings, according to a survey made
by The Daily yesterday.
In a few cases student veterans
are being supported by their par-
ents or their wives until the
checks arrive. University loans are
carrying some other vets through
their present financial difficulties.
One-Third Have Checks
Only 30 percent of the 20 stu-
dent veterans interviewed had re-
ceived checks and most of them
are enrolled for the first time
since the war.
A typical comment was made
by Henry Klauke who said that
his check for September and Oc-
tober subsistence has not arrived
yet and that he has been forced
to dip into savings built up during
the war. "Also, four of my bud-
dies who haven't received their
checks yet have had to use their
savings," Klauke said.
Another solution to the "no-
check" problem was expressed by
Labor Courts
Are Proposed
By Ferguson
Plan Would Consider
Crippling Disputes
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.-()-
Senator Ferguson (Rep.-Mich.)
proposed today the establishment
of a system of labor courts, par-
alleling the existing civil judicial'
system and topped by a "supreme
court of labor."
This plan for dealing with trou-
blesome and crippling labor-man-
agement disputes was advanced
informally by the Senator in talk-
ing with reporters across a Capitol
Hill lunch table.
Functions Defined
Theproposed courts would ad-
judicate only labor-managementi
disputes, but would have compul-
sory jurisdiction in disputes in-
volving public utilities where pub-i
lic welfare is heavily at stake.
"It looks as though we've got toi
get some machinery to do the
job," Ferguson said. He said "the
economic power of the disputing
parties" should not be the decidingi
factor.
Penalties InvolvedE
The law setting up such courts,
he said, would have to carry pen-c
alties "because law without pen-i
alties is a mockery." He express-l
ed the belief that many disputesi
could be settled by the courts even
before they came up for trial.
Ferguson's was the latest of var-
ious ideas on how to work out gen-
eral legislative solutions of labor-
management problems. It would
have labor courts reaching down
to the district court level, with
appellate courts and a supremet
court at the top to pass finally on
decisions for settling a dispute.
Membership might include lay(
members as well as trained legal(
experts.x
Bar Certain Strikesa
Senator Fulbright (Dem.-Ark.)
told- a reporter that Corigress(
ought to outlaw strikes in basic
industries, such as coal mining, di-t
rectly affecting public welfare. Het
would instead compel arbitration1
of disputes in such industries. I

Bill McAninch. "I'm able to man-
age only because my dad is still
getting his checks regularly, but it
looks as if I'll have to send IOU's
for Christmas presents this year,"
he said.
Depleted Savings
In his fourth term back in school
-since discharge, Joe Schwartz filed
the required statement of earnings
two days before the deadline, but
still has not received his subsis-
tence check for this fall. He is
"relying on already depleted sav-
ings which were made while he
was in the Army.
A check for spring subsistence-
eight months late - is the only
government help that William
Gail has received this fall. He has
been forced to use his savings for
fall expenses.
The University made about 40
loans to veterans yesterday ac-
cording to Gordon B. Jory, Uni-
versity cashier. Last week, the first
following the stated date of arrival
of checks, which the Veterans Ad-
ministration announced as Nov.
14, the daily rate of loans made
ran slightly higher.
Worried !About Loan
One veteran who had not re-
ceived his subsistence. payment
and got a University loan, is now
worried because his loan is due
next Monday and he still has not
received his check.
Several others of the student
veterans who were interviewed, in-
cluding a former Wave and a
married veteran, have now receiv-
ed their checks but were forced to
negotiate University loans until
their payments came through.
Four Sian U
For Campus
Room Survey
Four students signed up as can-
vassers yesterday at the first
meeting of workers for the Stu-
dent Legislature's housing survey.
Chairman Ken Bissell said, how-
ever, that 100 Willow Village resi-
dents have indicated willingness to
help locate available rooms for
,next semester. Student Legisla-
tors and the Veterans University
Council will be asked to round
up the 150 additional canvassersl
needed, he said.
The survey, which will be con-
ducted on a house-to-house basis,
is designed to provide a list of
rooms for students, with canvass-
ers, Willow Village residents, and1
students living outside the three-t
quarter mile campus area receiv-
ing priority. Each canvasser willl
be assigned one block in the cam-
pus area.
VU Leislature
To Meet T'oday '
Consideration of a new commit-c
tee system, plans for this year'sr
J-Hop and the sending of dele-
gates to the Chicago Studentst
Conference will be on the Stu-
dent Legislature's agenda when itr
meets at 7:30 p.m. today in Rm.
306 of the Union.
The meeting has been set ahead
one day because of the Thanks-
giving holiday, President Ray Da-
vis said. Election of the Legisla-
ture's cabinet, originally sched-
uled for this week, has been post-
poned for the same reason.

Daily Undergoes
Change of Face
The Daily goes to press today
wearing a brand new format of
Ieight columns.
Addition of an extra column
will enable The Daily to bring
more news of the world and
the campus to its readers.
The latest format change is
one of many The Daily has
made since the first four-col-
umn, 12 by 12 inch paper
known as the U of M Daily,
made its appearance Sept. 29,
1890.
On that day there were only
two stories on the front page.
One was the official faculty
announcements, the other was
a "story" urging all able-bodied
men to come out for the Rugby
team.
The Daily was modernized
slightly in the late nineties, ad-
ding three inches to the depth
of the page and devoting the
entire first column to ads-
such as "THOSE NOBBY
SUITS! Milward the Tailor,
State Street." The rest of page
See DAILY FORMAT, Page 6
Soviet Control
Produces Law
ab use-Gsovski
Alost Farmers Work
Collectively, He Says
By TOM WALSH
The Soviet attempt to set ab-
solute limations on the Russian
peasants has fostered widespread
violations of the law, resulting in
the periodic purges of large num-
bers of bureaucrats.
That is the opinion of Dr. Vladi-
mir Gsovski, Associate Librarian in
charge of Foreign Law at the Li-
brary of Congress, who is now in
Ann Arbor to complete the manu-
script on a sourcebook which will
be the first English translation of
the Soviet Civil Codes.
Cites 'Family Descendency'
Speaking on "Land Tenure in
Soviet Law" at a lecture sponsored
by the Law School yesterday, Dr.
Gsovski declared that with the
abolition of private ownership of
property, land tenure has followed
the pattern of "family descen-
dency" which had been predomi-
nent among the Russian peasants
since 1861.
Ten to fifteen per cent of the
Russian peasants are private farm-
ers raising specialized crops on
their two and one-half acre farms
but the bulk now work on a type
of collective farm called an "artel,"
according to Dr. Gsovski. The ar-
tel's 1,000 acres are worked collec-
tively by approximately 75 fami-
lies, while each family unit has a
two and one-half acre homestead
for its own use.
Must Work Artel
This plot remains the property
of the family as long as its mem-
bers earn the required number of
hours working on the collective
farm.
If the peasant leaves the farm
or fails to earn the required num-
ber of hours work on the collective
he loses his rights to the land. Dr.
Gsovski pointed out that a peasant
may also o removed by the presi-
dent of the artel and the abuse of
this power has become a major
Soviet problem and the subject of
much corrective legislation.

Dimout Goes into

Lewis Ordered To Stand Trial
As U.S. MovesTo Ration Coal;

Effect Here

* * *

* * ,

Full Support
Is Accorded
Mayor's Plea
City Will Conserve
Dwindling Coal Piles
By ROBERT BALL
Ann Arbor business districts went
into "blackface" last night in ac-
cordance with Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr.'s request to curtail use
of window display lights and ad-
vertising signs in ofder to con-
serve coal supplies.
Both State St. and Main St. sec-
tions appeared to have complied
wholeheartedly with the Mayor's
request, for only isolated bright
spots showed where ordinarily
every store front would be lighted.
Principal exceptions to the dim-
out were restaurants and drug
stores which remain open during
the night.
Marquees Darkened
Conspicuous victims were the
usually brilliant theatre marquees
The manager of one theatre stated
that he had turned off his display
in obedience to the suggestion, al-
though he had heard of no regula-
tions except what appeared in the
newspapers. Observing that thea-
tres are particularly liable to criti-
cism on dimout infractions, he re-
called that Ann Arbor theaters
were among the first to comply
withhwartime lighting restrictions.
The University complied with
the Mayor's request by keeping off
the big searchlight that illuminates
the Carillon Tower,
Street Lights May Go
None of the city's street lights
were sacrificed, but it was hinted
'that some might be turned off if
the coal strike continues.
Mayor Brown's action echoed a
nation-wide decree by the Civilian
Production Administration, order-
ing commercial establishments to
limit their lighting to 75 per cent
of that normally used, beginning
at 6:00 p.m. last night.
Additional curtailments are ex-
pected unless the critical coal
shortage is quickly alleviated.
Crash Survivors
In Vienna Hospital
VIENNA, Austria, Nov. 25.--(O)
-Six of the 12 Americans aboard
an Army transport plane which
crashed on a Swiss glacier last
week were ordered to a hospital
tonight after their arrival here
from Interlaken, Switzerland, on a
special U. S. Army train.
Brig.-Gen. Ralph Snavely said,
however, that none of the six was
in bad shape. Snavely, whose wife
was among the Americans ma-
rooned for five days in the Alps,
is chief of the air division of the
U. S. forces in the European
theater.

TO STAND TRIAL-John L. Lewis, left, was ordered to stand
trial tomorrow for contempt of court by Federal Judge T. Alan
Goldsborough, right.
HOLIDAY CONCESSION:
Railroad May Add Extra Cars
For yusshinDRuh

Despite the need for curtailed
passenger train service because of
short coal supplies, several cars
may be added to each train to
handle the expected overflow
Thanksgiving Day crowds, the New
York Central Railroad announced
yesterday.
Reduction of service was insti-
tuted Sunday night.
No changes have been made on
the Mercury and Twilight runs
Heady -Named
To Take Over
Perkins' Post
Dr. C. Ferrel Heady, Jr., of the
political science department, will
teach Political Science 171 (Pub-
lic Administration) for the rest of
this semester in place of Prof.
John A. Perkins, Prof. Everett S.
Brown, chairman of the depart-
ment, announced yesterday.
Prof. Perkins is on leave of ab-
sence from the University in his
new job as state budget director.
Dr. Heady has been an instruc-
tor in the political science depart-
mert since last spring. He received
his Ph.D. from Washington Uni-
versity in St. Louis. Since then he
has held positions with the Brook-
ings Institute in Washington, D.C.
and the Department of Agricul-
ture. More recently, he was a
lieutenant in the Navy.
Engineering Students
To Elect Councilmen
Four engineering school students
will be elected to positions on the
Engineering Council tomorrow,
Harold L. Walters, acting chair-
man of the election committee, an-
nounced last night. Walters said
that the polls will be open from 9
a.m. to 3 p.m. Two freshmen, one
junior and one senior position are
open on the Council.

from Detroit to Chicago and re-
turn.
Schedule changes as previously
announced are :
No. 17 New York Wolverine and
No. 33 New England Wolverine,
Detroit to Chicago, combined to
leave Ann Arbor on No. 17 time,
8:21 a.m.; No. 315 Motor City Ex-
press and No. 345, Detroit to Chi-
cago, combined to leave Ann Arbor
oh No. 315 time, 12:12 a.m..
No. 308 Advance Wolverine and
No. 8, Chicago to Detroit, combined
to leave Ann Arbor on No. 8 time,
6:51 p.m.; No. 316 Motor City Ex-
press and No. 342, Chicago to De-
troit, combined to leave Ann Ar-
bor on No. 316 time, 7:01 a.m.
No. 322, new commuter train
Kalamazoo to Detroit discontin-
ued; No. 321, Detroit .to Kalama-
zoo, leaving Ann Arbor at 6:18
p.m. will stop at Jackson.
French Social
System Topic
Of Talky Today
Prof. Georges Gurvitch, Profes-
sor of Sociology at the University
of Strasbourg in France, will speak
on "The Social Structure of Liber-
ated France," at 4:15 p.m. today
in Rackham Amphitheatre.
A member of the Executive Com-
mittee of the Center of Sociologi-
cal Studies in Paris, Prof. Gur-
vitch is in this country under the
auspices of the Cultural Relations
Department of the French Foreign
Office to promote closer contacts
between French and American Re-
search Insltitutes in the social sci-
ences.
Prof. Gurvitch, a specialist in
legal sociology, was in the United
States during the recent war, when
he taught ASTP groups at Har-
yard and Rutgers, and did consid-
erable work with the War Depart-
ment.

Labor Warned
Not To Rouse
Congress' Ire
CPA Orders Check
On 21-State Dimout
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25-Offi-
cials acted to ration coal to schools
and government buildings
throughout the nation tonight as
John L. Lewis told a court he
stands on his contract termination
notice and was ordered to trial for
contempt.
Federal Judge T. Alan Golds-
borough, warning unions to beware
of arousing "such public feeling
as to induce Congress to do some-
thing which may set the labor
movement back for years," ordered
Lewis to trial starting Wednesday.
A judgment can scarcely be
reached before next week, how-
ever, and there was every indica-
tion that the soft coal strike will
continue at least until then.
New Developments
The trial will be double-bar-
relled. It will try the contempt
charge; and simultaneously it will
be a hearing on the government's
move for an injunction and a rul-
ing on whether Lewis' contract
termination notice was lawful.
Against that black background
developments came crowding:
1. The Solid Fuels Administra-
tion decreed that schools and fed-
eral, state and city government of-
fices seeking any of the meager
emergency supplies of soft coal
which the government had frozen
must apply to Washington for it.
Utilities, food plants, hospitals and
other essential users were given
preference over schools and gov-
ernments may order direct from
dealers.
2. The Civilian Production Ad-
ministration ordered an immediate
and rigid check by its regional of-
ficers to see that the 21-state
dimout is observed. This wide-
spread power and lighting curtail-
ment, ordered last week, went into
force at 6 p.m. tonight.
Steel Cuts Made
3. U. S. Steel Corporation subsi-
diaries announced a drastic cur-
tailment of operations starting to-
morrow. This followed curtail-
ments already made by other steel
mills.
4. Senator Fulbright (Dem.,
Ark.) renewed his call for Presi-
dent Truman to resign in favor of
a Republican. He declared in a
radio forum that the President
cannot speak to Lewis "with the
full authority of our nation." He
and other congressmen also ad-
vanced fresh proposals for laws to
curb strikes.
5. Virginia authorities started
legal action against Lewis under
the state's "Blue Sky" law. They
ordered him to appear Monday to
show cause why he should not .be
barred"from selling and promoting
"securities, namely, memberships"
in his union without sanction o
state authorities.
IRA To Hold
Meeting Today
Plans for concrete action in sup-
port of the National Anti-Lynch-
ing Bill Campaign will be formu-
lated at a meeting of the Inter-
Racial Association at 7:15 p.m. to-
day in the Union.
In addition, members of IRA will
consider steps to be taken, in com-
pany with AVC, MYDA, SRA and

the Lawyers Guild, to urge the
University of Detroit to cancel a
recently scheduled football game
with the University of Miami.
Testing of restaurants and other
commercial enterprises for' evi-
dences of acial and religious dis-
crimination and further activity in
behalf of the local FEPC Petition
Campaign will also be discussed.
Band Vacancies

NEWS FROM NORWAY:
Resistance Leader To Speak
On European Students' 1Pi "oht
A leader of the Norwegian re-
sistance movement during the war
and a graduate of the University
of Oslo, Andreas Schanke will
speak on the plight of European
students at 7:30 p.m. today in
Lane Hall.
Schanke, who is making a two-
month tour of college campuses
in the east, south, and midwest,
is a member of the staff of the
World's Student Christian Fed-
eration and responsible princi-
pally for students in the Scan-
dinavian countries. He has stud-
ied both history and English and
in am-Wion In hisativitie in the

1
1
7

World News at a Glance*
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25-Spokesmen for three pipe line com-
panies told the House Surplus Property Committee today their com-
panies were prepared to move natural gas through the big and little
inch lines to the east in from two to four weeks.
The hearing took on added interest because of the coal strike.
MOSCOW, Nov. 25 -- Soviet scientists claimed today to
have discovered a new kind of atomic disintegration and to have
uncovered new and highly important data about cosmic rays and
the earth's composition.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25-Housing expediter Wilson Wyatt ac-
cused the RFC today of "banking-as-usual" tactics in the housing
crisis and RFC director George Allen reported it was only protecting
"the taxpayers' dollar."
MILWAUKEE, Nov. 25--Sixteen persons were arrested and
three injured today as Milwaukee area CIO workers staged a
mass demonstration, marked by stone throwing and picket line
skirmishes, at the sprawling plant of the strikebound Allis-Chal-
mers Manufacturing Company.
* * * *
LONDON, Nov. 25-Food Minister John Strachey told the House
of Commons today that the stoppage of the soft coal industry in the
United States "has added a further and more serious complication" to
the difficult British food problem and that there was "no possibility"

ADVICE TO SNIFFLERS:
Dr. Bell Warns Against Using
Gunshot Remedies' for Colds

By JOAN KATZ
If you're suffering from a stop-
ped-up nose, stuffy head, raw
throat or any of the other Well-
advertised symptoms which ac-
company colds, don't squander
your money on prepared "cures."
That is the general opinion of
physicians most informed on res-
piratory infections, according to
Dr. Margaret Bell, acting director
of Health Service, who says that

cecause salii'a ceans the ti.cat.
alm st immcaitcly. This does not
' Jrly to cer^nt, infections known.
to be combascd ty specific irugs,
she added.
Isolating oneself from others
while remazniig its bed for from
24 to 48 hours, is the best gera'v .l
tr, hod for preventing a cold from
c~eeloping serious complications,
and should be Bone at the sligat-
est sign of a c-old, Dr. be'I ad-

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