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October 19, 1946 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-19

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PAGE TWO,

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1946

PRO AND CON:
Reactions to Arnall Speech

Good Administrator

GOV. ARNALL came out of the South to Ann
Arbor Thursday with a broad'program of
reforms, but he was most effective in convincing
us of the importance of good governmental ad-
ministration.
In his speech, Gov. Arnall recounted some of
his experiences as a Georgia politician and ex-
plained how governmental reforms in Georgia
were effected. His explanation made it clear
that a determined governor, or any state official,
working in the interests of the people, can do
something about existing evils in local govern-
ment. What worked in Georgia can work else-
where and Arnall is more than willing to show
the way.
Gov. Arnall is impatiently waiting for other
states to follow his lead in doing things in a hur-
ry. Look at his record:-in three years in Georgia
he helped write a new constitution, abolish the
poll tax, clean up the state debt, send 18-year
olds to the polls, revamp the penal system and
reestablish prestige "abroad." Needless to say,
after this string of successes he has some defi-
nite ideas about reforms for the whole country.
He has proved, undoubtedly, that the state gov-
ernment can make real contributions to its peo-
ple. He knows that a governor can be more than
a lucky lawyer. Gov. Arnall's real contribution
to national welfare is his fine example of what
a state administrator should be, rather than his
work as a vagabond liberal.
For Arnall cannot escape his southern section-
alism, although it may not be' his fault. His
stand on Negro problems, which was not ex-
pressed Thursday night, fits in closely with the
traditional southern attitude, an attitude which
hinders his attempt to rise above the average
southern politician.
-Fred Schott
NIGHT EDITOR: NATALIE BAGROW
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Arnall No Liberal
' E WENT to hear Gov. Arnall speak Thurs-
day night with high hopes and expectations
We went to hear a great Southern Liberal speak
on the subject "The South Today."
What we heard was a story-telling amiable
southern politician talk in vague generalities.
No one could quarrel with what Gov. Arnall
,aid or with the way he said it. It was what he
left unsaid that bothered us.
We heard him say that we should begin at
home in our quest for a better world, that we
snould start with the human equation. We heard
him say that we could do anything we wanted
to. And then we inched forward on our seats
and waited. We hoped he would at least mention
Talmadge's bigotry, the lynchings, and the race
hatred found throughout America. But we hoped
for something that never came. Perhaps we had
expected too much. Gov. Arnall is a politician,
we reasoned, and probably cannot speak out
against race hatred even when he's in the north.
But then we talked with The Daily reporter
who interviewed Gov Arnall before the lecture
and we learned that Gov. Arnall had got riled
when the reporter had asked about FEPC.
This amazed us. Arnall, a liberal, against
FEPC? How can that be?
Then some facts were brought to our atten-
tion: that Gov. Arnall had opposed FEPC in
Georgia; that he had disavowed the Texas Su-
preme Court's decision giving Negroes the right
to vote in primaries, calling it "a blow to liberal-
ism"; that he upholds the traditional Southern
system of segregation as "conducive to the wel-
fare of both the white and colored races."
Now our mistake is clear. Gov. Arnall is not
and never was a liberal in the true national sense
of the word. Arnall's liberalism is a relative lib-
eralism. He is liberal only in comparison with
the average southern statesman. His adminis-
tration was a great step forward for Georgia and
for the South. But if he has presidential aspira-
tions, let it be clear that his election would not
be much of a step forward for the nation.
-Walt Hoffmann

Zen rito the 6Y1 tor

Criwded Cafeterias
To the Editor:
The suggestions given by Alvin Hamburg in
the letter entitled "Standing in Line" are com-
mendable. There are other considerations that
should be explained in order that the entire
problem may be understood.
The Michigan League and the Michigan Union
are clubs, and obviously club members cannot
be excluded from the cafeterias. Reasonable
efforts are made to exclude non-members who
are not guests of the University. However, par-
ents of students, people who are attending spe-
cial conferences, and official guests of the Uni-
versity as well as the parents of prospective stu-
dents constitute the bulk of the non-members
of the University family who use the cafeteria
facilities. We believe that all students will agree
that the above-named groups should be given
the courtesy of using these facilities.
The Union cafeteria is open from 11:15 to
2:00 for luncheon, and from 5:15 to 7:30 for din-
ner. There is a period before 12:00 when imme-
diate service is available, and there usually is no
line after 12:40. Immediate service is usually
available after 6:45 in the evening.
Service at the Michigan League is available
fromi 11:30 to 1:30 for luncheon, and from 5:30
to 7:30 for dinner. Normally, immediate service
is available after 6:45 in the evening.
Those students who can adjust their eating
schedules to take advantage of the less popularj
eating periods would render a service not only
to themselves but to their fellow students who
cannot avoid eating at the more popular hours
because of University obligations.
-R. P. Briggs,
Vice President
Negro Prejudice
To the Editor:
Concerning Mr. James V. Grady's defense of
restrictive covenants in Thursday's Daily on the
ground that Negroes depreciate property, and
therefore whites in the swank areas tend to lose
money, I should like to ask this question. Are
you, Mr. Grady, one of those individuals who.
would commit any sin for a price? I am ex-
tremely interested in just where you would draw
the. line. Ten Nazis have just been sent to the
gallows for violations of what is known as "hu-
man rights." It is amazing now little conception
many of us in this country have of this inviolate
heritage.
Prejudice, I will admit, is something which is
acquired in the early, formative years and which
is not very easily eradicated on the adult level.
We are not, however, trying to eradicate preju-
dice as such, but we can, as Walt Hoffman
pointed out, fight and end discrimination.
There is one thing Mr. Grady overlooked with
all of his real estate experience. The Negroes
who occupy areas such as West Adams Heights
are as well or better off than the average white
in the same area. So, physically, there could be
no depreciation of property. Psychologically
there might be a slight decline in values because

in the face and still expect him to be "rational"
and look at long range views for obtaining those
rights with which he should have been born?
Your sentiment and understanding of the prob-
lem are very noble, but your means of solving it
are much too circuitous. Change is inevitable,
and it is coming much sooner than you think!
-Carroll Little
* * * *.
Policy to Russia
To the Editor:
Saturday Capt. Olfiesh in a letter set forth
five points that must be recognized by all who
have an intelligent foreign policy." The reader
can not miss the implication that those advo-
cating steadfast resistance to Russia have not
recognized these five "basic" points.
Capt. Olfiesh is right. We have not recognized
all of his points. We ao agree that a firm policy
is dangerous, that war must be prevented by
every possible means, that we must try to un-
derstand Russia. Here we part company. You,
sir, believe in the peace of a "one world" of
mutually respectful friends without spheres of
influence. We believed in that possibility until
shortly before the death of President Roosevelt.
Soviet Socialism, Captain, is a virile, crusad-
ing movement spreading the "brotherhood of
man" by the Soviet army, the clenched
and the internal strife created to clear the way
for Soviet "democracy" and the army.
Any prolonged expansionist movement of ne-
cessity results in war. Here lies the base of the
argument for resistance to Russia. It makes the
assumption that expansion pressures grow with
increasing size. Thus the way to avoid war is to
stop expansion early. We have seen our mis-
takes in merely frowning at Japan in Man-
churia, Italy in Ethiopia, Germany in the Rhine-
land. Learning from experience we intend to
stop that kind of thing in the beginning. War is
a certainty, we believe, if this is not done. There-
fore we would draw an imaginary line along the
borders of Sweden, China, India, Turkey, Greece,
through Trieste and Germany. Beyond this line
the Soviet Army is not to penetrate. Our hope
for peace lies in the belief that the Russians will
realize we are not bluffing. Any retreat from
this position makes war that much more cer-
tain. Peace is the all important thing in the
world today and this limit 'to the advancing
Soviet Armies becomes of frightening impor-
tance. Captain, you are afraid of the results of
this resistance. So am I, but the first retreat
will bring me far more fear. Sir, you and Henry
Wallace will eventually set a line as did the
British after Munich. Although you may not be-
lieve it now, your line will be east of the British
Isles and west of the Philippines. It differs from
ours only in locality. Which, Captain, is the
least dangerous line?
-Ronald S. Johnson

I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Bip artsan Line
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Our foreign policy has been bi-partisan for
more than a year; now our domestic policy is
becoming bipartisan also. When Mr. Truman
muttered into the radio that he was dropping
controls on meat, he enunciated a bipartisan
line; true, he did not do it willingly, his arm
was being twisted, but the effect was that of bi-
partisan agreement, since the Republicans have
long been against meat controls. Both parties
are now joined, in a tough line against Russia
and consumers.
But I find myself beginning to wonder about
the virtues of bipartisan agreement. It sounds
sweet as sugar candy, yet something always
seems to go wrong. By a coincidence, the
Paris Conference, at which we have been pur-
suing our tough (bipartisan) foreign policy,
with the help of Senator Vandenberg, Repub-
lcan, was winding up at just about the time
when Mr. Truman was announcing his bipar-
tisan meat policy.
Now with all this mellow bipartisanship
around, we ought to be sailing into fair weather,
everything should be hunkydory; both parties
agree; what more could you want? What I can't
understand is that within 48 hours, Yugoslavia
left the peace conference, Walter Lippmann de-
nounced it as a failure, and fat steers went to
$35.25 a hundredweight at Chicago, $5 above
the August top, foreshadowing inflation and
$1.50 a pound for steak. Can it be that both
parties are wrong, and that when they cling to-
gether it is merely a case of two errors holding
each other up?
* **
Or can it be that what we are seeing is
not genuine bipartisanship, but merely a rise
to power of the old, familiar alliance between
Northern Republicans and conservative
Southern Democrats? That alliance is not
truly bipartisan; it is as pure a faction as can
be found in the country; it is not a two-headed
body, but a two-bodied head. I feel a case
could be made out to the effect that this an-
cient grouping (which didn't look very bi-
partisan when Franklin D. Roosevelt was in
the White House) now runs the country and
the President, and is engaged in a kind of
holy war of extermination against the liberal
majority of the Democratic party.
For when our foreign policy was based on the
doctrine of accord among the great powers, and
when Franklin D. Roosevelt first tried to get
Republican support for that policy, as in 1944,
there were, if you remember, many reservations
expressed by Republicans, from Dewey to Dulles.
It is only since the conservative wing has begun
to take over the framing of that policy, only
since the Republican tail has begun to wag the
Democratic dog, that the world "bipartisan" as
applied to foreign policy, has become really
popular in G.O.P. ranks.
There has been a kind of revolution, in which
"bipartisan" is one of the key, concealing words;
and it means only that people who used to agree
with each other, still do, while the huge, liberal
Democratic majority finds itself suddenly with-
out voice; almost, in this synthetically "biparti-
san" era, without status.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
IT SO HAPPENS
" Gone Forever?
Good Old Days
WE THOUGHT we were back in the dear old
halcyon pre-Atomic age yesterday but it
was only for an instant and then the feeling
passed.
. It was a unique little situation at that. One
of our professors was lecturing and in the course
of his lecture a coed in the front row dropped
her pencil.
With an instinctive courtliness that undoubt-
edly dates back to a pre-Atomic youth, he
stooped down and picked up her pencil, never
missing one word of his talk.
For a moment we had what must have been

a warm glow at the graceful gallantry of the
man. One look at the smug smiling expression
of the coed who was looking to the entire class
for approval, was enough to dispell it, though.
It was like watching a church service in techni-
color.
* * * *
Best in Town
THE OTHER NIGHT the proprietor of one of
the local taverns, which shall be nameless but
not unrecognized, was standing guard near the
door when two students entered, supporting be-
tween their a third, who was pretty obviously
looped.
"Hey," said the proprietor, "You can't bring
that fellow in here. He's drunk."
"We know it," affirmed one of the vertica
ones. "That's why we brought him here. Your
beer will sober him up."
Phi Beta Kappa
AFRIEND OF OURS, who remained sleepless
the other night in the interests of science
credits and his first psychology 31 blue book, re-
ceives our unanimous condolence for the follow-
ing excerpt from his exam:
"Practice makes perfect. True or false?"
Contributions to this colunn are by all members
of The Daily staff and are the responsibility of the
editorial director.

Publication .n The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin- should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30;
p.m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1946
VOL. LVII, No. 19
Notices'
The University Golf Course will be
closed after Sunday, Oct. 20. Any
person having equipment there please
call for it by that time.
Board in Control
of Athletics
Concert Tickets. Tickets for the
Dorothy Maynor concert Oct. 28, the
two performances of Handel's "Mes-
siah," Dec. 14 and 15, the Chamber
Music Festival Jan. 24 and 25, and a
very limited number for several of
the Choral Union concerts, are on
sale at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Memorial
Tower.
School of Music Students expecting
degrees at the end of the current se-
mester should fill out diploma appli-
cations immediately, if they have not
already done so. Secure applications
from School of Music office or Regis-
trar's office.
Senior Aeronautical Engineers
graduating in February and June of
1947 should report to the Lobby office
of Eng. Bldg., as soon as possible to
complete their personnel blanks.
A volleyball league is being formed
for faculty members, research assist-
ants, and teaching fellows. Teams
may be entered by departments or
formed by members of different de-
partments. Departments and indi-
viduals who wish to play should call
the Sports Bldg., 2-2101, before 6:00
p.m., Mon., Oct. 21.
International Center: All foreign
students, their friends, and interest-
ed persons are cordially invited to at-
tend the Orientation Program on
Sun., from 7:30 to 10:00 p.m., in
Rms. 316-320, Michigan Union.
Academic Notices
Botany I Make-Up final Examina-
tion will be given on Mon., Oct. 21, at
4:00 p.m. in Rm. 1139 N.S. Students
eligible for the examination must
have their records checked before
Monday by Prof. Jones in 1005 N.S.
Makeup examinations in German I
and II are scheduled for Mon., Oct.
21, from 2-4 p.m., in Rm. 204 Univer-
sity Hall. Students who have not yet
handed in their names should do so
at once at 204 U. H.
Veterans' Tutorial Program: The
following change has been made in
the schedule: Chemistry 4-The Sat-
T TOOK three press conferences,
. of two hours each, to explain it.
His five-year plan, concluded Presi-
dent Juan Peron breezily would af-
feet "all aspects tornational life."
Some features: a vast office-build-
ing program, a $30 million scheme
for improving public health, renova-
tion of railways and construction of
5,300 miles of new roads, reduction of
imports, streamlining of state gov-
ernment, unification of national de-
fense.
The press was left dumb. But not
Peron. He announced that Congress
would get the plan-in 27 separate
bills-next fortnight, warned: "Any-
body who fights this plan will not be
considered a mere oppositionist but a
traitor . . ."

urday section will now meet from
10:00-11 a.m. (Rm. 165 Chem.).
Mathematics 300: The Orientation
Seminar will meet Mon., Oct. 21, at
7:00 p.m. in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall.
Mr. Charles S. Buck will discuss a
Geometric Theorem.
The Mathematics Seminar on
Dynamical Systems will meet Mon.,
Oct. 21, at 3 p.m., in 3201 Angell Hall.
Mr. Falkoff will speak on Variational
Principles.
Concerts
Carillon Recital will be heard at
3:00 Sunday afternoon, Oct. 20,
when Sidney Giles, Assistant Caril-
lonneur, will play the following:
Prelude No. 1 by Van den Gheyn;
Flow Gently Sweet Afton, Beautiful
Isle, and Whispering Hope; Menuet
No. 1 by Lefevere, Impromptu by
Timmermans; Allegretto by Heller,
Gavotte by Gossec, Largo by Handel;
Suite in C by Purcell.
Events Today
Student Religious Association
Luncheon-Discussion group will meet
today at 12:15. Mr. Craig will lead
the discussion. For reservations call
Lane Hall 4121 Ext. 2148 before 10:00.
Methodist students and friends will
meet in the Wesley Lounge for sup-
per following the game.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundatioh will
hold open house after the game to-
day.
Coming Events
Institute of the Aeronautical Scien-
ces: The second meeting of the I.A.S.
will be held at 7:30 p.m., Wed., Oct.
23, in Michigan Union. The member-
ship drive for the current semester
will close with this meeting. Member-
ship applications may be obtained
from Mrs. S. Baker in the Aero de-
partment, E. Eng. Bldg.
The Graduate Student Council will
meet Mon., Oct. 21, at 7:30 p.m. in
the Rackham Bldg. Newly elected
members are urgently requested to be
present. Program: Formation of the
fall program, and nomination of new
officers.
Sigma Xi: 8:00 p.m., Thurs., Oct.
31, Rackham Amphitheater. Dean R.
A. Sawyer, "Technical Aspects of
the Bikini Bomb Experiment." The
public is invited. Refreshments and
a social hour will follow the lecture.
Delta Sigma Pi informal initiation
is postponed until Thurs, Oct. 24, at
7:30 p.m., in Rm. 323 of the Michi-
gan Union. Mon., Oct. 21, at 7:30
p.m., all actives and pledges are ex-
pected to be present at the Union
Ballroom to hear Mr. Robert J. Wil-
son, vice-president of Pennsylvania
Central Airlines, who will be present-
ed under joint sponsorship.
The Insight Reading group will
met Mon. evening at 7:30 at Lane
Hall.
The Methodist Guild Fellowship
willmeet at 5:30 Sunday to hear a
Student Panel on the subject, "The
Values of Campus Life." Worship,
a social hour and supper will follow.
The Wesley Choir will rehearse Sun-
day afternoon. Those interested in
joining the choir may phone Gene
Rieckhoff, 7757.
The Sociedad Hispanica invites you
to meet for a coke and informal
Spanish conversation on Mon., Oct.
21, at 3:30 in the Grill Room of the
League. If you have a three o'clock,
we'll see you at four.

A meeting of the Russian Circle,
Russky Kruzhok, will be held at 8:00
p.m. on Monday. in the International
r ,, t ,All imipil-inv and interete~d

K-

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

MAN TO MAN:
OPA Game
By HAROLD L. ICKES
I would never have thought that
that nice childish game, Drop the
Handkerchief, could be played in a
political setting. And yet this is just
the game that President Truman
and Senator Taft, with enough of
their associates to join hands and
form the necessary ring, have been
playing about OPA. The last hand-
kerchief to flutter to the ground was
from the hand of President Truman
on last Monday.
To change metaphors, Republicans
as well as Democrats constituted
playing a boy-scout government, so
far as price control is concerned. The
OPA act originally passed by the
Congress was self limiting. Well be-
fore the day that it would expire,
President Truman asked ,the Con-
gress to extend its life. This should
have been done automatically. How-
ever, some of the other politicians
got busy. That self-sacrificing,
idealistic organization, the National
Association of Manufacturers, sent
its "muscle orator" President Robert
R. Wason, up and down the land de-
manding the abolition of price con-
trol. Very large sums of money were
spent in display advertising of these
views. Many of the newspapers
joined in the hue and cry. Then the
Congress passed.a bill that was plain-
ly suffering from polioiyelitis at
birth on account of the Taft amend-
ments.
With a vigorous pen, the Presi-
dent vetoed this crippled bill.
Chester Bowles wisely resigned as
Director of OPA. Then the dis-
couraged members of Congress set
to work to patch up another bill.
And they did. In my column
printed on July 8, I said that this
bill,which the President reluctantly
signed, was a "fake"; that it was
"a masterpiece of deceptive double
talk." I added: "It will no more
hold the price line than a colan-
der will hold water." I was not
impressed by Price Administrator
Porter's statement that this new
version was "workable," except
perhaps in a political sense. I said:
"The President is in a position
where he can now go to the people
in the November election ex-
claiming 'I saved the OPA.' And
so he did (save the OPA), but he
did not save price control. He
caught hold of a drowning man
and hauled a corpse aboard the
water-logged boat."
That the OPA set up under the
bill signed by President Truman was
a corpse even the President himself
admitted in his speech on October
14. There is not enough left of it
to provide protein for a single chick-
en. But meanwhile the game goes on,
with the Republicans on one side of
the net and the Democrats on the
other, furiously hitting at the elu-
sive shuttle-cock but with their
minds distracted by the coming No-
vember elections.
It would .be an amusing sight if
the result were not likely to be so
tragic. I want to say that both
parties deserve to lose on November
5 on this issue. A pretty spectacle
the politicians have been making
of themselves. While other coun-
tries, some of them devastated by
the Nazis, are making steady prog-
ress toward economic recovery, our
make-believe statesmen in this
country are evoking the derisive
laughter of those nations that re-
gard their economy as somiething
altogether too serious to turn over
to pushing and gouging politicians
who lack the intellectual capacity
either to grasp the problem in-
volved or to solve it.

It is easy enough to see now, in
fact it required no master-mind to
discern at the time, that if President
Truman was right in vetoing the
bill that Senator Taft left on his
doorstep he should, with equal firm-
ness, have refused to take in the sub-
sequent waif that a bipartisan com-
bination of selfish politicians offered
in their turn. If he was right in ve-
toing the Taft bill, he had no logi-
cal or political option except to veto
its degenerate successor.
(Copyright, 1946 N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control 6f Student
Publications.
Editorial Staff
Robert Goldman.........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim.....Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey................City Editor
Mary Brush............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha...............Associate Editor
Clark Baker..................Sports Editor
Joan Wilk.................Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter.......Business Manager
Evelyn Mills... Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

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