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February 19, 1947 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-02-19

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Better Teachers

& THOUGHTS on the need for bet-
teachers have been occupying a lot
'sprint lately. The general theme is
omething has got to be .done" about
s and teaching conditions if our edu-
dl level is to be maintained.
igan's version of "what to do," as
I to its literary college, was traced
ek by Dean Hayward Keniston. Stat-
at the college "is now devoting most
time to the problem of building a
teaching staff," he outlined a program
included student-faculty evaluation
ulty services and departmental in-
r-training. He also pointed to the
y increased faculty salary scale.
ie of these points are stop-gap mea-
Each has been the subject of in-
ation by a committee of the local
er of the American Association of
rsity Professors, culminating in pro-
designed for long-range use. It is
ble, for example, that the commit-
vhich are now studying the problem
ting faculty grading into action will
use of a booklet drawn up in 1939
AAUP group.
rials published in The Michigan Daily
ritten by members of The Daily staff
epresent the views of the writers only.

The committee pointed out at that time
that no uniform procedures, no clear stand-
ards, had been set up for evaluating faculty
services with regard to advancement. It
suggested that teaching, research, standing
in the profession, personal qualities, depart-
mental and University administration and
public and community services be adopted
as criteria. And on the basis of investigations
of procedures then in use it proposed
methods of establishing these standards on
the basis of information secured from col-
leagues, heads of units, students and persons
outside the department or University.
It went on to point out that the results
of its proposals could be used as a basis for
even better evaluations. Unfortunately, it
took two years for the faculty to approve
the idea and by 1941 the plan had to be
postponed because of the war.
Now, with this report, procedures of
other schools and colleges and the recent
experiment of the Student Legislature to
work with, faculty committees are trying
to set up adequate methods of obtaining
the necessary information.
Their work may well produce an incentive
to teaching equal to that of the salary raise,
for as President Ruthven said before the
establishment of the AAUP committee. "It is
little better than maudlin sentimentality
to permit the man who does very little to
enjoy the same security and perquisites
as the hard-working individual."
-Mary Ruth Levy

'AlIphabetical Event'

'ERRING .TO E DAY as "another of
ose alphabetical events now growing
n the memory of America," the St. Louis
Dispatch, Feb. 11, asserted that perhaps
is all good and well, since E Day is
thing for Americans to be ashamed of
r than to brag about. The article in the
Dispatch was written after the Mirror
iblic Opinion for the same date, went
ess with a story describing the struggle
panese-Americans to recover the peace-
fe they led before E Day.
Day, of course, refers to that infamous
nn February, 1942, when the evacuation
ment began which eventually uprooted
)G Japanese-Americans from their Pa-
coast hoijes. The evacuation order
issued by Lt. Gen. John DeWitt, who
"A Jap's a Jap. You can't change it
ving him a piece of paper." That "piece
aper" to which the General referred
e certificate of citizenship, and Hideo
Lta, citizen and World War I veteran,
it up 'in the evacuation, was found, a
time later, a suicide, with the "piece of
" clutched in his hand.
neral DeWitt could find no evidence of
age to warrant the mass ejection. He
hiis lack of evidence a "very convincing
disturbing indication that such action
e taken." That sufficed.
'of. Eugene V. Rostow, Yale law
ml and former State Department ad-
r on Lend Lease, said of the evacua-
"The history of law affords nothing
e fantastic than the evidence which
pposed to justify this program." Ros-
calls the evacuation our "worst war-
mistake," and adds that "the evi-
:e supports only one conclusion; the
inant element in the development of
relocation policy was race prejudice,

not a military estimate- of a military
problem." War hysteria was rife in those
early war months, but this, assuredly, is
no condonation.
For a brief summary of the work of Jap-
anese-Americans during the war years: They
fought ably in the propaganda war against
Japan; on the home front they were indis-
pensable in making the Hawaiian Islands
one of the strongest military posts in the
world; they contributed to the development
of the atomic bomb; they worked in war
pjants to such an extent that 80 per cent
of the Japanese-Americans in Detroit were
engaged in war work of some sort; in Keet-
ley, Utah they converted 3,000 acres cover-
ed .with sagebrush and hard with frost into
productive agricultural land; Japanese-
American troops were invaluable overseas
and at home, and in the fields of arts, sci-
ences and professions many of them made
a lasting mark on the American scene.
Dillon S. Meyer, former director of the
war relocation camps, after a perusal of
the situation, makes it plain that "America
cannot excuse herself for her treatment
of these people." He asserts that national
atonement is our commitment. Japanese-
Americans must be paid for the damages
in evacuation which many suffered, and
they must be allowed the right of citizen-
ship, which they have earned.
We can let the memory of the "alphabet-
ical event" grow dim only after we have
squared things away with these people and
with ourselves. Congress should act upon
the Myers report. If not, we will have com-
mitted ourselves to a second wrong, and will
become increasingly aware that two wrongs
do not make a right.
-Mack and chuck Woodruff

Keys to World
NKARA. Feb. 18--An interesting, unre
ported incident took place a few months
ago on the disputed northern border between
Turkey and the Soviet Union., in the area of
Kars and Ardahan, to which the Soviet press
has laid claim. A raiding party, 200 strong.
of Soviet Armenians crossed the border and
penetrated into Turkish territory.
It is difficult to believe that this raid was
organized and dispatched without the con-
sent of the Soviet authorities. One guess
is that it was designed to test the reaction
of the Turkish forces, perhaps with the
hope, often present in the Russian mind,
that the oppressed and exploited inhabitants
would rise to welcome the invader.
Whatever the intention, the reaction of
the Turkish forces was unequivocal. The
raiding party was slaughtered almost to a
man. An odd postscript to the incident was
the request from the Soviet side of the bord-
er for the cigarette cases, knives and other
personal effects of the dead, to give to the
bereaved Soviet families as mementoes of
their loss. The Turks obliged.
Nor was this, according to reliable in-
formation, an isolated episode. There have
been a number of such probing pinpcks.
Add to them the constant psychological
pressure to which the Turks are subjected
by fier.ce attacks on the Soviet radio and
press; add the unofficial demands for two
overlapping Turkish areas in the north,
and the official demand for Russian bases
on the Dardanelles; add the Turkish con-
viction that both the Syrian demand for
Hatay, which they consider Russian in-
spired, and the importation of thousands
of Armenians from the Middle East into
the areas bordering on Turkey, as part of
the technique of Russian pressure; add
all this together and it is easy to under-
stand why the Turks insist on maintain-
ing an army of more than 600,000, several
times the size which the resources or the
population of this country would justify.
YET the maintenance of this army, huge
in terms of the Turkish economy, has
placed Turkey in a vicious dilemma. The
quality of this dilemma can be summed up
in three sentences. First, in case of Russ-
ian attack-the only possible reason for
maintaining the army-organized Turkish
resistance could not possibly last for more
than a few weeks or months.
Second, the cost of maintaining the army,
and the loss of desperately needed agricul-
tural manpower, which it entails, is eating
into the heart of the shaky Turkish econ-
omy. Third, the Turks are almost unani-
m'ously convinced that a widespread .demob-
ilzation would seem a sign of weakness, not
only to the Russians, but to the Turkish
people themselves, and would seriously un-
dermine Turkish morale.
In the face of Russian pressure, as to the
first point, the most optimistic estimates
of Turkish resistance, in case of a Russian
attack is six months. Experts are more in-
clined to guess at between a month and six
There are those who foresee a serious
economic crisis in a matter of months.
Others believe that Turkey could continue
to support its military burden for a number
of years, as long as the world sellers' market
for Turkish agricultural products holds out.
But no one believes that the present sit-
uation-that of a poor country of less than
20,000,000 population carrying on its back
an army of between 600,000 and 700,000-
can continue indefinitely.
As one Turk put it, "If we don't demobilize,
all the Russians will have to do is wait. And
if we do demobilize, they don't even have
to wait."
Among the Turks, there are those who
argue that the facts should be faced that
the army should be cut by more than half,
and that the rest should concentrate on

the art of guerilla warfare. Turkey would
then rely on the only real strength of her
military and diplomatic position, the de-
termination of the western powers to re-
sist any infringement of Turkish sover-
That is, of course, the heart of the whole
matter. Napoleon, with his flare for drama-
tic over-simplification, once remarked that
in Turkey you will find the keys to the
Together with Iran and Greece, Turkey
is at least one of the three keys to the
whole Middle East. Russian ambitions in
that vital area have been made clear
enough for any sensible man to under-
stand. The logic of events led the United
States, while recognizing Russia's special
position in regard to the Dardanelles, to
oppose these ambitions, lest the whole
world balance of power be overturned.
It is easier in Ankara than in the United
States to realize how completely dead is
the happy provincialism of America's past.
This is brought powerfully home to the ob-
server by the self-evident fact that it is
meaningless to discuss the military potential
or diplomatic intentions of the Turks with-
out reference to military potential and dip-
lomatic intentions of the Americans. This
is a fact of which most Turks are far more
vividly conscious than most Americans.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Tribune, Inc.)


EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in lciters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted At the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
O e tR.t
Objects to Resolution

Junior Truth G

To the Editor:

"Two magazines are competing for .exclusive serial rights,
if we convert."

'Quickie'dA eudment

(Continued from Page 3)
CIPLINE (June 19, 1945) was re-
vised to read as follows:
The presence of women guests
in fraternity houses, men's room-
ing houses, or other men's room-
ing quarters, except when chap-
erones approved by University au-
thorities are present, is not in ac-
cordance with the generally ac-
cepted standards and conventions
of society, and is not permitted,
except for exchange and guest
dinners. Such dinners must
be announced to the Direc-
tor of the Office of Student Af-
fairs at least one day in advance
of the scheduled date. Hours for
guest dinners shall be the same
as for exchange dinners.
With this action, the University
has taken the stand that unau-
thorized gatherings of both sexes
at fraternity houses are not per-
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts:
Courses may not be elected for
credit after the end of the second
week. Friday, February 21,is
therefore the last day on which
new elections may be approved.
The willingness of an instructor to
admit a student later will not
affect the operation of this rule.
Any students who have copies
of Timoshenko and Young's "En-
gineering Mechanics" who are not
using them at present, are re-
quested to bring their copy to the
Engineering Mechanics office, Rm.
411-A, West Engineering Bldg.;
for temporary loan to students in
E.M. 1 and E.M. 3, who are un-
able to get a text.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcement for graduate Bac-
teriologists has been received at
the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201
Mason Hall.
Positions require either one year
of experience in a medical labora-
tory and college graduation with
specialization in bacteriology; or
an equivalent of experience and
training. Monthly salary-mini-
mum $200, maximum $240.
For further information, call
the Bureau of Appointments, Ex-
tension 371.
Aeronautical, Mechanical, Civil
and Electrical Seniors and Grad-
uate Students: Representatives
of Boeing Aircraft Corporation
will interview students February
24, 25, Rm. 3205 Engineering.
Sign interview schedule on Aero-
nautical Bulletin Board.
Emergency ("Victory") Gardens:
Members of 'the faculty and
other employees of the University
who desire space for a vegetable
garden at the Botanical Garden
this spring should send a written
request for it to Mr. O. E. Roszel,
Storehouse Section of the Plnt
Department. Requests must be
made by the end pf March, and
must be accompanied by one dol-
lar as a contribution toward the
expense of plowing..the land.
When the garden plots are ready
for use, the fact wil be announced.:
in this bulletin. At that time the
gardeners may learn their plot
numbers by phoning to Mr. Ros-


Letters to the E


Each plot will be assigned with
the understanding that it will be
used to full capacity for raising
vegetables, that it will be kept free
from weeds, and that waste matter
will be cleared away in the fall.
Water may be used on the gar-
dens if carried from the faucets in
cans of pails, but the use of hose is
prohibited. No tools will be fur-
nished by the University.
Particular care must be taken
that no property of the Botanical
Garden be molested. Dogs are not
allowed in the garden.
University Community Center:
Willow Run Village.
Wed., Feb. 19, 8 p.m. Ash Wed-
nesday Church Service, Rev. J.
Edgar Edwards.
Thurs., Feb. 20, 1:30-5 p.m.,
Artists will hang their own art
works for the Willow Run Vil-
lage Art Exhibit; 8 p.m., Exten-
sion Class in Psychology; 8 p.m.
Art-Craft Workshop.
Fri., Feb. 21, 8 p.m., Organiza-
tion meeting for all new Univer-
sity Extension Classes-Spanish,
French, American Literature, Ger-
man conversation, Psychology (In-
terpersonal Relations); 8:30 p.m.
Contract bridge. Duplicate bridge.
Music for dancing.
University Lecture: Padraic Co-
lum, poet and dramatist, will
speak on the subject, "The Poetry
of William Butler Yeats," at 4:15
p.m., Fri., Feb. 21, Rackham Am-
phitheatre; auspices of the De-
partment of English Language and
Literature. The public is cordially
Academic Notices
Algebra Seminar: Fri., Feb. 21,
3201 Angell Hall. Miss Davidson
will speak on "Frobenian Algebras
and Their Generalizations."
Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics (Math. 348): First meeting
is postponed until further notice.
Biological Chemistry: Seminar,
4-6 p.m., Fri., Feb. 21, Rm. 319 W.
Medical Bldg. Subject-Pyridox-
ine (Vitamin B-6) and the Meta-
bolism of Amino Acids. All in-
terested are invited.
Botanical Seminar: 4 p.m., Wed.,
Feb. 19, Rm. 1139 Natural Science
Bldg. Paper: "Biological Survey of
the Bikini Atom Bomb Expedition.
General Topographic and Botani-
cal Features" by Wm. R. Taylor.
Open meeting.
The Remedial Reading Class
will meet at 4 p.m., Thurs., Rm.
231 Angell Hall.
Schedule of Tutorial Sections
for Veterans for the Spring Term,
1946-47. (To begin the week of
Monday, Feb. 17).'.
CHEMISTRY: 3) Mon. 7-8
p.m., . Wed.-Fri.. 5-6 p.m., 12
Cem., S. Levin.
(4) Mon. 7-8 p.m., Wed.-Fri.,
5-6 p.m., 151 Chem. R. Keller.
(21) Wed. 4-5 p.m., 122 Chem.,
R.- Hahn.
ENGLISH: (1) Tues.-Thurs.-
Fri. 5-6 p.m., 2203 AH, D. Martin.
(2) Tues.-Thurs.-Fri. 5-6 p.m.,
3209 A.H. ,D. Stocking.
FRENCH: (1) Mon.-Thurs. 4-5
p.m., 106 RL, A. Favreau.
(Continued on Page 6)

I noted with interest the recent
resolution passed by the Student-
Veteran Planning Conference cen-
suring Governor Kim Sigler's call
for an investigation of Commu-
nism on the Michigan campuses.
The resolution was wrapped in
clothing which did not directly
attack the Governor's . move but
was carried by The Daily under
banner headlines.
My objection tonsuch a resolu-
tion is that I do not believe any
group should speak for the stu-
dent body of the University with-
out first having examined the
opinion of that body. I for one
am very much in favor of an in-
vestigation of any organization
which contains members of politi-
cal factions advocating the over-
throw of the United States Gov-
ernment, and I do not believe that
this opinion is held by me alone.
If the activities of MYDA and
AYD are above reproach, an in-
vestigation should be welcomed by
them and should strengthen their
ability to obtain supporters. If,
on the other hand, they are work-
ing against the better interest of
our government, then they should
be exposed so that the many inno-
cent supporters of these organi-
zations could know the facts, and
appropriate action may be taken
to restrict the activities of the
subversive elements.
-John T. Rowell
Re Leake Letter
To the Editor:
I feel compelled to point out
certain inaccuracies in the letter
which appeared in The Daily on
Feb. 15, over the signature of Alvin
In the first place, Mr. Leake
stated that he did not vote for
dllegates-Ao represent him at the
Student-Veterans Conference, held
in Ann Zrbor on Feb. 9. There
were, howeier, three delegates at
this Conference from the U. of
Michigan-Student Legislature.
Presumably, Mr. Leake DID vote
in the last- election for members
of the Legislature, who in turn
chose delegates to the Veterans
Secondly, there were delegates
at the Conference from student
chapters of the American Legion,
the American Veterans Commit-
tee, the Catholic War Veterans,
the Veterans Organization, several
local veterans groups and the stu-
dent legislatures at seven col-
leges. I therefore feel that there
is justification for claiming that
this Conference was a representa-
tive bdy.
Thirdly, Mr. Leake states: "On
a campus with 18,000 students it
seems rather unreasonable to say
that 71 delegates were a repre-
sentative group." There are more
than five million persons in this
state, and only 32 members in the
State Senate. Does Mr. Leake be-
lieve that the State Senate, with
32 members, could not be a repre-
sentative group? I would also like
to inform Mr. Leake that, of the
71 delegates at the Conference,
only 15 were from this University,
with its 18,000 students.
Fourthly, 1 r. Leake attacked
the Committee for Academic Free-
dom, and charged that "Apparent-
ly it is made up of all the pink
tints from any campus organiza-
tion containing pink tints." Mr.
Leake should know that among
the members of the Committee
are the presidents of the Student
Religious Association, the two AVC
chapters, the Inter-Fraternity
Council, the Union, Pan-Hellenic,
the VO, the Lawyers Guild, Wo-
mens Judiciary, IZFA, and IRA.
Among other members are a min-
ister, two newspaper publishers,
and 22 professors.

Instead of arguing with facts,
Mr. Leake chose to argue with ig-
norance and innuendoes, although
the facts reported here to refute
him have all been printed by The
Daily. In thus denouncing as
"pink" all of those with whom he
disagrees, Mr. Leake has adopted
the tactics of Gov. Sigler, with
whom Mr. Leake seems to be
friendly enough to refer to as
"Kim." Mr. Leake has an unde-
niable right to agree with the
Governor, but he does not have
the right to libel a Veterans Con-
ference, 22 professors, and sev-
eral of his fellow students.
-Saul Grossman

To the Editor:
It gives me unbound plea
to inform y ou that I v
received the glad tidings from t
President of Vice in chare
Foreign Affairs of the Toer M
sissippi Valley Association f r t
Premulgation of Ultimate ry
that recognition has been vot
to our Junior Chapter.
Since our wisdom is lavisb
freely upon the lucky recipien
we shall commence with t
week's suggestion:
WHEREAS it has been declar
during the coal strike by comi
tent medical authorities that OV
heated class rooms are not cc
ducive to vigorous health:
AND WHEREAS the oonsun
tion of large quantities of f
is not necessarily a vital aspect
sound economy;
rooms of our alma m ar
overheated that our correso
ing secretary cannot wear
gested that we should not w
for Mr. John L. Lewis to ameli
ate these conditions.
T. S. Lichtenberger,
Corresponding Secretr
4 * *
To the Editor:
In regards to the proposed
vestigation of subversive autiit
on the college campuses of t
state, I note with interest y
front page announcement in I
Feb. 11 issue concerning the p
that "MYDA, AYD Heads De
Sigler Probe."
Has any other reader notedi
Lee Marsh pronouncement tI
"Communists comprise 50 per p
of YD's national offices
than 30 per cent of the to ci
ter officers and 10 per cent of 1
over-all membership."? From t
bald revelation Marsh goes on
condemn the unconstitutional
of MSC President Hannah's
tions in placing seven AYD me
bers on probation, and makes so:
vague charges concerning the si
ilarity between these actions a
the methods of the "Japan
thought police."
Obviously the ratio betwE
Communist-officers and Commt
ist-members in AYD leaves, mt
to be desired, especially must it
so with a man like Marsh *
professes such a great dire
uphold the Constitution. Whal
paradox it is that people of t
sort, whose admitted program:
volves destruction of our Cons
tution and our democracy, are
ways the first to seek protecti
for their misdirected talents un
that Constitution. As fr i
charges of "thought-police" n
thods, I feel that I speak fo
far more representative group
Americans when I say that
not nearly eo suspiciouc of i..
tives of Governor Sigler d P
ident Hannah as ofteorai
tions which Lee Marsh
If MYDA, AYD et, a
subversive groups who requip
vestigating then they shpul
the first to welcome an ines.
tion which would clear thm
the suspicion and uncertai
purpose which surround thE
-Richard P. Sharpe, '

has already taken the first step to amend
e Constitution in order to limit any future
esident. to two terms in office. This may
another case of acting in haste so as to
pent in leisure. The Constitution should
amended only after the most deliberate
nsideration after there has been a sub-
antial agreement by the people that the
oposed amendment is desirable. But it
quite another thing to amend it in order
get even with "That Man." Whether,
anklin D. Roosevelt did the right or the
'ong thing in running, first for a third
rm and then for a fourth; is not something
an can now be proved, by passing a
uickie" Constitutional amendment. The
erits of an amendment ought to be dis-
ssed without passion, freely and without
ejudice, and at a time further -removed
an we are today from the heat generated
the campaigns of 1940 and 1944.
The common objective of any Consti-
ational amendment ought to be to pre-
erve and strengthen our self-government.
Ve would not hamstring a horse because
had already won two races on the child-
h theory that we must be democratic and
ve another horse a chance. We certainly
ould not do this if there were much more
t stake than merely the winning of
nother race. It may have been repre-
ensible of the people to prefer Roose-
elt, as they undoubtedly did, in 1940 and
944, but that is no reason for denying
hem the right at some future time, if
hey choose to exercise it, to elect a Pres-
Lent for more than two terms.
)ther things being equal, I would prefer
at no man should be President for a period
iger than eight years. But other things
e not always equal. They were not in
d(n T .. n n e nod- t s nh .,lt. fn ,If f fn ,VnTm

smooth functioning of the United States as
a war machine.
But, worse still, Wendell Willkie would
have had to contend with the isolationists
in his own party who were mainly concen-
trated in the middle west where they lis-
tened too docilely to the bellowings of
Colonel McCormick, who was an America
First contributor as well as an isolationist.
It will be remembered that it was only the
urging of the Navy and War Departments,
particularly of the former through Secre-
tary Knox, that held back the Department
of, Justice from asking for the investi-
gation of the CHICAGO TRIBUNE at the
time that it printed the Navy's battle plans
for the Pacific.
No man in his senses would cripple him-
self in order to be physically incapacitated
to carry out the ordinary functions of life.
And no nation in its senses would deliberate-
ly cripple itself so that it would be unable
in some future crisis to do its part effec-
tively in a possibly greater crisis in a world
that every day is becoming more complicat-
ed. It is difficult to understand merely petty
spite against a man who already belongs to
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Corp.)
IN MANY WAYS the new epoch (of manu-
factured power) must open as an era of
destruction. It must from its very nature
destroy many of the conditions which give
most interest to the history of the past, and
many of the traditions which people hold
most dear. It will put an end, once and for
all, to savage and barbarous races, who
must either be elevated to the life of their
more civilized contemporaries or must van-
ish from existence. It must destroy ignor-
ance, as the entire world will be educated,
and one. of the greatest dangers must come
from this very source, when the number of

IF THE Congressional
tors achieved nothing
were dramnatizingone fa
can be a Communist or
tarian liberal" and call
good American-but he c
pect his fellow Anericar
- I g


Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited acid managed by etude
the University of Michigan und
authority of the Board in Con
Student Publicatiops.
Editorial Staff
Paul Harsha.........Managing
Clayton Dickey ............CO
Milton Freudenheim .Editoril I
Mary Brush ..........4ssoc1gte
Ann Kutz............Assoc1 tQ
Clyde Reclat........Associate
Jack Martin ............ Sports
Archie Parsons Associate Sports
Joan Wilk ............Women's
Lynne Ford Associate Women's
Business Stafff
Robert E. Potter .... General M
Janet Cork.......Business M
Nancy Helmick .. Advertising M
Menlei of The Asscated

A - - -

U.- r IIW7

.. .... .,.... rTT .Sc39 .

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