THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THRURSDAY, MAY S, 1947
Press Monopoly Threat
DESPITE THE CRITICISM leveled at the
.newspaper industry in the recently is-
sued report of the Commission on Freedom
of the Press, Representative Mason (Rep.,
Ill.) has introduced a bill which would tend
to further lessen competition in the field.
The Mason Bill, which is now in the
hands of a House Judiciary Sub-Committee,
proposes to exempt press associations from
certain sections of the anti-trust laws. To
do this, the bill sets aside the Supireme
Court decision which held that the As'so-
ciated Press could not deny its service' to
any newspaper for competitive reasons.
In the published report of the Hutchins
group, "A Free and Responsible Press," it
was charged that the concentration of power
in the press may become so powerful as to
constitute in itself "a threat to democracy."
To prevent this, the commission recommend-
ed that the government "maintain competi-
tion among large units through the anti-
This proposed bill, backed by Col. Rob-
ert McCormick of the Chicago Tribune
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and re/resent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: STUART FINLAYSON
who once attempted to deny AP service
to the then embryo Chicago Sun, would
do just the opposite. It would ham-
string all efforts of the government to
eliminate restrictions on the dissemina-
tion of news and allow existing newspapers
to obtain exclusive contracts for the serv-
ices of press associations which could
then be denied to any other potential
publisher seeking to compete in the same
Thurman Arnold, former assistant at-
torney-general who originally brought suit
for the government against the AP, pre-
dicted in his testimony before the sub-com-
mittee that the proposal would make a "pri-
vate government" of established newspaper
publishers. He further declared that, "its
end product would be the exclusion of new
enterprise from the newspaper field."
The aim of the government and an in-
dustry which is acting in "the public in-
terest" should be true free enterprise, and
not just lip-service to it. The shackles
of the local press monopolies which now
exist in numerous cities throughout the
country can be eliminated only by making
the news more accessible to all.
The Mason Bill is not only a failure in
this respect, but we feel that its enactment
would be directly contrary to the public wel-
THOSE OF US who have watched the
House Appropriations Committee hack
away at every government appropriation
with a feeling of disgust can take heart: the
Committee has asked the House to grant
the entire $35,000,000 requested by the Fed-
eral Bureau of Investigation.
This unusual action taken by the econ-
omy-minded Committee suggests that al-
though they recognize the virtues of econ -
omy, they know where to stop, and the
sign of the flying Red is the place to stop.
The Committee's action, according to the
New York Herald Tribune's source, was
based on testimony of J. Edgar Hoover, FBI
chief, that the percentage of Communists
in the United States today is greater than
the number in Russia at the time of the
When Hoover testified before the Appro-
priations subcommittee, he said that the
FBI is so overworked that is has a backlog
of unprocessed fingerprints numbering
2,891,831. He warned the subcommittee that
as a result of this backlog, "many people
with criminal records and of questionable
loyalty will secure positions in strategic in-
dustries and might do harm." He went on
to warn that the Communist problem has
grown worse, disclosed that there are 74,000
Communist Party members, and that for
every member "ten other individuals are
ready to do the Party's work."
We can understand the dismay of
Hoover and the FBI about all those un-
processed fingerprints. But, unlike the
House Appropriations Committee, we can
also understand the dismay of the Sec-
retaries of Interior and Labor who will
probably be unable to operate with any-
thing resembling efficiency because the
Appropriations Committee got so hatchet
happy with their "funds."
ID RATHER BE RIGHT:
Is It Hate or Fear?
MATTER OF FACT:
Peanuts and Empire
By STEWART ALSOP
LONDON, May 6-It is at first surprising
to find large numbers of stolid British
Labor Party officials talking excitedly about
"groundnuts." Even after it develops that
what they really have in mind is peanuts,
it is difficult at first to understand why so
much enthusiasm centers on the lowly goo-
ber. Yet this widespread fascination with
peanuts is one symptom of a momentous
change in British policy which has been tak-
ing place almost unnoticed. For slowly,
ponderously, the whole weight of British im-
perial policy has been shifting, and there are
signs that, a step or two behind, British
strategic policy will shift with it.
What has happened is that Africa has
been slowly replacing India and the Far
East as the focal point of the British Em-
pire. Moreover, an attempt is being made
to export the limited British version of so-
cialism to the British possessions in Africa.
Any good doctrinaire socialist knows that
socialism and imperialism are mutually con-
tradictory terms. Yet British history is a
history of somehow making inherent con-
tradictions work. From the tentative be-
ginnings now under way, of which the
"groundnut scheme" for East Africa is the
most ambitious, something new under the
sun-a socialist empire-may yet emerge.
The groundnut scheme will be an at-
tempt to apply the principle of the TVA
(an experiment which has had a pro-
found effect on British socialist thought)
to East Africa, with peanuts substituted
for electric power. An initial outlay of
about twenty five million pounds will be
used to establish a corporation for the
production of peanuts on a grand scale.
Any profits will be plowed back into fur-
ther developments. Thus it is hoped first,
to raise the miserable standard of living
of the East African natives. It is hoped
second, and by no means incidentally, to
correct the most serious deficit in the
present English diet-the shortage of fats
and oils-to which some dieticians attri-
bute the low rate of production in Brit-
ish industry. In this way it is planned
to eat the socialist cake and keep the
benefits of empire too.
The economic importance of East Africa
especially has been vastly increased by the
discovery of important zinc and lead de-
posits,, and in Uganda, of the richest dia-
mond mines in the world. (So rich are these
mines, indeed, that production must be very
carefull controlled. Otherwise, "diamonds
would sell for two a penny.")
This shift of emphasis, this new imperial
focus has of course its strategic and mili-
tary implications. For generations the
young men at Sandhurst have had it drum-
med into their skulls that British strategy
in the Mediterranean and the Middle East
is designed to guard the "lifeline of empire."
The lifeline led, of course, through Gibral-
tar and Suez to India and the Far East.
Now two new factors are tending to under-
mine this first commandment in British
strategic thinking. First, the lifeline was
closed during most of the recent war, and
the development of the longrange plane and
the new weapons have made it exceedingly
unlikely that it would be held open in case
of another. Second, there will soon be lit-
tle or no Empire in the Far East for the
lifeline to lead to.
These new factors have led to a dis-
agreement (in less dignified circles it
would be called a row) now in progress
among the makers of British startegic
policy. The sides are almost exactly di-
vided according to age. The older ad-
mirals and generals still think primarily
in terms of British communications with
the Far East. Hence they emphasize the
need for strong positions-in Palestine,
Cyprus, Egypt, and elsewhere-for the
protection of the Suez Canal.
The younger men believe that the canal
would be closed on the first day of hostili-
ties, and that the strategic objective must
therefore be, not to keep it open, but to
prevent its use by a potential enemy. They
thus lay the main strategic emphasis on
two points; East Africa, to be developed
both as the paying proposition in the new
Empire, and as a main strategic base; and
Middle East oil, which the main African
base would be designed to protect. For this
purpose, it is believed that control of the
Arabian peninsula in case of war, and total
control of the Persian gulf and the In-
dian Ocean, will be necessary. There is
also some belief that a main forward base
at Basra in Iraq is essential.
Two facts are of interest in this stra-
tegic assessment. First, the only potential
enemy which the plan envisages is the Sov-
iet Union. The younger school of British
strategists inclines to the belief that Russian
logistic difficulties in case of a thrust South
would be so great that given overwhelming
air superiority to balance against the mas-
sive Russian manpower, the Russians could
be contained and the essential positions
saved. Second, it is obviously a basic as-
sumption that the world commitments of
the United States, and more especially the
American commitments in the Near and
Middle East, are such that in case of a
Russian attack South, the United States
and Great Britain would inevitably be part-
ners in the war which would immediately
(Copyright 1947, New York Herald Tribune)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Copr. 1947 by U'nted Featur'e Syndice, Ina . ..
Tm. Rog. U. S. Pat. Off.ANl rightt reserved-
(Continued from Page 3)
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
T SEEMS TO ME there is a distinction to
be made between those who hate Russia
and those who only fear Russia. If we mere-
ly fear Russia, we can probably make peace,
but if our fears become translated, in a mas-
sive way, into hate (and that is one of the
speediest psychological processes known to
man) there may be a war. Which moves us,
hate or fear?
The question is not academic, for on one's
answer depends the picture one has of the
World. It is either a world divided between
two great centers, America and Russia,
which actively hate each other, and which
are resolutely planning to diminish each
other, or else it is a world divided between
two great centers which fear each other, and
ae only seeking protection against each
other. The two are either fighting cocks or
startled hens, and it makes a difference.
It might be a useful reorientation if we
were to change our picture of the world into
one divided between twO great powers which
mortally fear each other, and if we were to
express our fears, frankly as fears, with-
out first dressing them up as demands.
One can visualize a conference at which
each side would tell the other, in
detail, what it was afraid of, avoiding the
temptation to stand its fears on their heads
to make them look like programs, to make
negatives look like affirmatives. To concede
that the world's two largest powers greatly
fear each other would help to explain much
of what is now going on, and would be an
approach toward cleaning up the question of
One difficulty is our reluctance to ad-
mit that Russia can conceivably be afraid
of us; we tend rather luxuriously to re-
serve this motive for our own used The
Russians do this, too; each side has a way
of apostrophizing the trees and the skies,
with the wide-eyed question: "How can
anybody fear us?"
Another danger is that those who only
fear Russia may allow themselves to be led
by those who hate Russia, thus permitting
themselves to be mobilized into an unin-
tended force. It was during our recent
national discussion of our fears of Russia
that we heard the shoutings of those who
want us to drop nastily explosive articles
on the Soviet Union at once. It would be
sounder to keep the issue on the wholesome
and legitimate ground of apprehension. We
can come closer to making a deal with the
Russians by matching and pairing fears than
by matching and pairing hates.
(New York Post Syndicate, Copyright 1947)
lecture on the subject, "Nutrition-
al Factors in Liver Injury," at 8
p.m., Mon., May 12, Rackham Am-
phitheatre; auspices of the Medi-
cal School and the Alfred Duns-
ton, Jr., Fund.
University Lecture: Professor
Max Fisch, Department of Philos-
ophy, University of Illinois, will
lecture on the subject, "Evolution
in American Philosophy from
1860-1917," at 4:15 p.m., Tues.,
May 13, Rackham Amphitheatre;
auspices of the Department of
Philosophy. The public is cordial-
Algebra Seminar, Fri., May 9,
4:15 p.m., Rm. 3201, Angell Hall.
Dr. L. Tornheim will speak on
Hilbert's Theory of Fields. This
topic presupposes elementary Gal-
ois Theory and is background ma-
terial for Prof. Brauer's course on
representation theory this summer.
Biological Chemistry: Seminar,
Rm. 319, W. Medical Bldg., Sat.,
May 10, 10-12 noon. Subject: "Vit-
amin P-Citrin-Rutin." All inter-
ested are invited.
Mathematics Seminar in Rela-
tivity: Thurs., 3 p.m., 3001 Angell
Hall. Mr. Sangren will report on
Milne's book "Relativistic Cos-
Graduate Students in Education.
The preliminary examinations for
the doctorate in the School of
Education will be held on May
27-28-29 from 2 to 5 p.m. Any stu-
dent desiring to take these pre-
liminary examinations, should no-
tify my office, 4000 University
High School, not later than May
Cocentration Advisement Se-
Thurs., May 8, Political Science
Department, 231 Angell Hall, 4:15
Prof. Joseph Kallenbach-Po-
litical science as a field of con-
Prof. John Lederle-Political
science as preparation for govern-
Prof. Lawrence Preuss-Politi-
cal science as preparation for for-
Prof. Lionel Laing - Teaching
opportunities in political science.
May Festival Concerts will take
place as follows:
Thursday, 8:30.. Philadelphia
Orchestra; Helen Traubel, soloist;
Eugene Ormandy, conductor.
Friday, 8:30. "Missa Solemnis"
(Beethoven); Regina Resnik, so-
prano; Anna Kaskas, contralto;
Frederick Jagel, tenor; John Gur-
ney, bass; Philadelphia Orches-
tra; the University Choral Union;
Frieda Op't Holt Vogan, organist;
Thor Johnson, conductor.
Saturday, 2:30. First half: Song
Cycle from the Masters; Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Festival Youth
Chorus; Marguerite Hood, con-
ductor. Second half: Isaac Stern,
violinist; Alexander Hilsberg, con-
Saturday, 8:30. Philadelphia Or-
chestra; Ezio Pinza, bass; Eugene
Sunday, 2:30. Philadelphia Or-
chestra; Robert Casadesus, pian-
ist; Eugene Ormandy, conductor.
Sunday, 8:30. Philadelphia Or-
chestra; Ferruccio Tagliavini, ten-
or; Alexander Hilsberg, conductor.
"Te Deum" (Verdi);: University
Choral Union, Thor Johnson, con-
The Engineering Mechanics De-
partment is sponsoring a discus-
sion of a particular problem in the
theory of thin plates by W. Nash
in Rm. 402, W. Engineering Bldg.,
Alpha Lambda Delta: Initiation,
4:30 p.m. ABC Rooms, Michigan
Sigma Gamma Epsilon. 12:15
p.m., Rm. 3055, Natural Science.
International Center: The week-
ly Thursday informal teas will'
continue during the vacation as
well as during the period of finals.
All foreign students, their friends
and interested persons are cor-
dially invited. Teas start promptly
at 4:30 p.m.
Committee of Cooperation of
SRA: Members are requested to
work on the Religious Curricula
Survey any afternoon. Ask for ma-
terial at Lane Hall desk.
Geology and Mineralogy Jour-
nal Club, 12 noon, May 9, Rm.
3055, Natural Science Bldg. Mr.
Sherman Moore, of the U. S. Lake
Survey, Detroit, will speak on
Visitors' Night: Angell Hall Ob-
servatory, Fri., May 9, beginning at
8 p.m. Saturn and double stars
will be shown if the night is clear.
If the sky is cloudy, Observatory
will not be open. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
Graduate Outing Club: Outdoor
Sports. Meet at the Northwest
Entrance, Rackham Bldg., 2:30
p.m., Sun., May 11. Supper out-
doors if weather permits. Sign up
before noon on Saturday at the
check desk in Rackham Bldg.
Scalp & Blade: 7 p.m., Sun., May
11, Union. Plans for stag-outing
to be discussed. All members at-
International Center: The in-
formal weekly tea dances will be
extended to include Saturday eve-
ninigs. Friday's tea dances start
at 4:30 p.m.; on Saturday-8 p.m.
All interested persons are cordial-
ly invited to attend.
International Center: "The Peo-
ple of the USSR" and "The Soviet
School Child" are the films sched-
uled for this Friday evening in the
International Center. All interest-
ed persons are cordially invited to
attend. Showing of the films, 7:30
Interrnational Center: Due to
the Choral Union Concert, the
Sunday evening Supper and Pro-
gram will be canceled. Final pro-
gram and supper will be held on
May 18 in the International Center
and Michigan Union.
Letters to the Editor.
SEDITORS NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less'
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters o more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretioi o the edi-
To the Editor:
THE MOST COMMON of all
arts is the cinema, and no-
whee else does the belief more
ardently prevail that entertain-
ment is the goal. "Entertai ,,ment"
has acquired enormous power. It
appears to mean, primarily, escape
from tedium or anxiety, from ug-
liness or defeat. It means the sub-!
limation of frustrated desire when
the screen exhibits men or women
we would like to love, and cannot.
It means the mere holding of at-
tention by which a few moments
can be made slip by.
Does the cinema "teach"? Obvi-
ously it does. No statements about
"entertainment" can conceal the
fact that movie audiences have
been absorbing ideas concerning
manners of living. We have been
learning that women must be
young to be attractive; that the
feminine body should be as visible
as possible without actually being
seen; that the most interesting
people are those who are well-
dressed, well -loved, and wealthy.
Movie-makers occasionally boast
of their influence on American
standards for good living.
Cinema situations are the kind
which utilize certain sets of values,
and thereby influence action.
Audiences are, consciously or un-
consciously, subjectedbto propa-
ganda in any reasonable sense of
the term. One can only guess to
what extent American racialsat-
titudes are sustained by film ster-
Movie-goers may think they are
being merely entertained, but ac-
tually they are being instructed.
And not always well.
-J. M. Geist
To the Editor:
PICKETS in front of the State
Theatre protest that "Song of
the South" perpetuates the myth
of contented servitude.
These three-dollar-word ideal-
ists are so very earnest that they
get to thinking they should even
suppress the truth for the sake
of the good and true cause. "Song
of the South" is a true and good
picture of the true. and good state
of things which sometimes comes
about when good men make the
best of a bad social state.
High sounding catch-phrases
may build "good" prejudices in
place of bad ones, but can't we
do better than that? Might we
not hit harder, where we want to
hit, by damning the myth instead
of the movie? May I offer the
pickets a more intelligent and in-
SEE AND ENJOY SONG OF THE
.. SOUTH BUT REMEMBER
NOT ALL "SLAVES" WERE-OR
ARE-AS LUCKY AS UNCLE
-Helen M. Mosse
To the Editor:
If Archy is on your staff please
get in touch with him. This is
the second letter we have for-
warded for him. We don't mind
his using our typewriter but, be-
ing veterans, do not feel we can
afford the postage.
To the Editor:
Let us gather around campus
firesides and join in harmonic
choruses of "Old Black Joe," and
"My Old Kentucky Home." This
should produce the proper atmos-
phere of nostalgia for those good
old days at Mammy's breast.
Some of us who are natural end
men can drawl those beloved,
chucklin' tales once told by that
inimitable, lovable character, Un-
cle Remus. At this point many of
us will say jealously to ourselves,
"What fun they must have had.
Oh! Damn! Why wasn't I born
a Darkie?" Reluctantly, at cur-
few time, we pick watermeleon
seeds from our ears and depart
from this cabin in the sky.
But Uncle Remus ain't no soul
to give up a good friendship. One
gay day in May he gets a hanker-
in' to visit this lil' ole college
town for a bit of reciprocal hos-
pitality, and he just couldn't find
a restaurant that would serve him
his ration of corn pone and mo-
lasses, even if they had it. I 'spect
the old boy would have to do a
bit of shufflin' to find a barber
to trim his raggled beard. Here
comes Uncle Remus now, shagged
from a tavern for daring to con-
taminate beer glasses used by
some college students.
"Uncle Remus, fetch yourself
back in that story book. You are
- Gordon Snow
To the Editor:
DR. hJCOHN SON"sinking back
Sinto his chair placing his
fingers over his well-upholstered
tummy and pronouncing with a
complacent smile," says, in deny-
ing the sophistry of Mr. Clana-
han, that "if the abuse be enor-
mous, Nature will rise up, and
claiming her original rights, over-
turn a corrupt (social) system."
Mr. Lange, then, might well be
termed a sophomoric Sophist.
-B. W. Otto
To the Editor:
TO DAY SAW an amazing traves-
ty of a fine American institu-
tion, the Referendum. And who
is guilty of this shameful dud.
Why none other than our defend-
ers of Campus freedom. Our own,
yes our own Student Legislature.
Oh Great and Mighty Body howest
couldest youest doest suchest
thing. For shame. Perhaps you
ask what have they done.
They have presented to the stu-
dent a referendum so completely
one sided in wording it is a new
masterpiece in the fine art of ask-
ing a question so that you get the
answer you want. The resolution
they have presented to us has an
answer which is obvious. Every-
one wishes to have Academic
Freedom in such a University of
ours, but there are many of us who
object to organizations which are
training grounds for people whose
main purpose is to undermine and
revolutionize American democracy.
Just as most of us would not per-
mit a fascist organization to be-
come started on this campus so
we should not allow a communist
controlled organization to be on
MYDA has been successfu l in
learning its principles from the
communist line. They have learn-
ed that to cloud an issue is the
easiest way to get what you want.
This is what they have done.'
Communists always accuse some-
one of raising a witch hunt when
they are being condemned and
brought out into the open. They
are accusing us of that now. They
counter easily enough by shout-
ing freedom of speech, or "I dis-
agree what they say, but I will de-
fend to my death their right to
say it," or as the signs all around
the voting booths said "Vote yes
for academic freedom." Yes, very
effective propaganda if I do say
If the student legislature had
wished to clean up the rather
muddled situation that exists, an
additional third question should
have been added. ShouldMYDA
be banned from the campus?
(and if you wish by the student
legislature) This would have clar-
ified the situation whereby the
question of MYDA and the ques-
tion of Academic Freedom would
have been separated.
The question of Academic Free-
dom is one worthy of fighting for,
but as for MYDA may the or-
ganization rot in hell. Let us hope
that even after the Student Legis-
lature has received its vote of
confidence on the idea of Academ-
ic Freedom they don't lean over
backwards and allow MYDA to
again become a University recog-
nized body. I don't think the ref-
erendum of Tuesday sanctions
IT SO HAPPENS ...
0 'But It's May, God'
This Could Spread ...
W E ARE FASCINATED by the statement
of the West Java revolutionaries who
are breaking off (if they win) from the Re-
public of Indonesia, which in turn was set
up by the Dutch last year.
The statement, as it appeared in a story
from Batavia in the Herald Tribune, smacks
strongly of certain recent interchanges be-
tween Russians and American, Republicans
and Democrats, etc. The West Javanese are
ready to die for a
I ..-.proclamation (which) said the Sun-
danese could not, remain under the con-
trol of their traditional enemies, the Jay-
Good Time To Bolt .. .
ON A RECENT broadcast in the series of
programs of Edgar Allan Poe's works
which come over WKAR at 2:30 p.m.
every Friday, an actress in the Angell Hall
studios of the Broadcasting Service had
just spoken the line "Her eyes were rivet-
ed upon him." At that moment, the sound
of the pneumatic riveter on the new Gen-
eralS ervico Ruildin came c1early through
They Can Write, Too ...
THOSE OF US who have been losing
sleep worrying about those insurance
tables on mortality will be reassured by a
sign outside the Michigan Union.
According to the sign, an advertisement
for the Naval Reserve, you may sign up
with them and live "on borrowed time."
Their ad says in clear, lucid prose:
"Maintain longevity in the Naval Re-
* * *
le Saw the Previews . .
WE HAD NEARLY FORGOTTEN just how
blase the younger generation has be-
come until we were reminded by a little
fellow the other night at a local movie
showing Disney's "Song of the South." He
came tagging up the aisle after his mother,
tugging a bit viciously at her skirt to gain
"When're we gonna see 'Strange Woman'
with Hedy Lamarr?" he demanded.
Contributions to this column are by all mem-
bers of The Daily staff, and are the responsi-
bility of the editorial director. Items from
subscribers are invited; address them to "It
So Happens", The Michigan Daily.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control o1
Paul Harsha ......... Managing Editor
Clayton Dickey ..........City Editor
Milton Freudenheim..Editorial Director
Mary Brush .......... Associate Editor
Ann Kutz...........Associate Editor
Clyde Recht .......... Associate Editor
Jack Martin ............ Sports Editor
Archie Parsons.. Associate Sports Editpr
Joan Wilk.............Women's Editor
Lois Kelso .. Associate Women's Editor
Joan De Carvajal... Research Assistant
Robert E. Potter .... General Manager
Janet Cork ......... Business Manager
Nancy Helmick ...Advertising Manager
Your Fairy Godfather is embarrassed, m'bov.
F ~ ~
Do that, laddie. I wouldn't want