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March 28, 1947 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-28

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_ _


'Loyalty Boards'

PPROXIMATELY one month ago, when
she was interviewed by The Daily, Mrs.
Raymond Clapper characterized the "Red
hunt" as the general GOP strategy. She felt
that in order to keep themselves before the
public and at the same time avoid the im-
portant questions the Republicans would
find it effective to raise the "bogeyman"
With his latest action, directing the es-
tablishment of "loyalty boards" in every
department and agency of the govern-
ment, President Truman appears to have
added his car to the Republican train and
demonstrated his inability to meet the
pressing problems of the post-war period.
Evidently not sharing Mrs. Clapper's view
that Communism can come to the United
States only if we are unable to provide a
better standard of living than Russia, he
has demonstrated by his actions that he
feels the presence in Washington of per-
sons associated with the word "Commu-
nist" to be a threat to our government.
How far can this announced program be
followed without irreparably damaging the
reputations of persons arbitrarily accused of
"sympathetic associations with subversive
organizations?" Who is to set up the new
editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

standards of loyalty and who is to decide
what are "reasonable grounds" for dismissal?
Curiously enough the pattern is thought
by many observers to be reminiscent of the
spy chases which came in the aftermath of
World War I. Then, as now, positive action
was needed to ameliorate the conditions
caused by runaway prices and the national
problems aggravated by the war. Then, as
now, the administration chose to encourage
a state of national hysteria and to distract
public attention from the more urgent mat-
ters for which they had no solution. The
fact that threats of violent or revolutionary
action against the government could be ef-
fectively handled by the statutes against
conspiracy, sedition, and treason was com-
pletely disregarded.
A return to the "national neurosis" of
that period would mean success for the
conservative elements in our midst who
are now at work to prevent the rising tide
of liberalism. It will also mean the re-
fusal of competent administrators to as-
sume any position within the government
and thereby submit themselves to cam-
paigns of vilification and slander.
We must have positive immediate legis-
lation to halt runaway rents and prices, in-
stitute an effective housing program, develop
our natural resources to the fullest extent,
provide for the health and education of our
citizens, and improve our labor-management
relations. Only by thus eliminating the de-
fects which stand out as weaknesses of our
economic system can we most effectively
battle opposing ideologies.
-Walter Dean

City Editor' s
LAOTSE SAID IT first, but "patience is
Nearly 2,600 years later, Paul Harsha,
The Daily's managing editor, is saying that
"patience is also worth $17.50."
When he left campus for the war as a
member of the Enlisted Reserve Corps
March 15, 1943, he was told by the Army to
pay his own'"shipping" costs to Camp Grant.
Ill., where he would be duly reimbursed.
He traveled deluxe in a sleeper and ran
up a bill of $17.50. Included in his gear
were 12 copies of the orders transferring him
from the U. of M. - a "good post" - to his
new home.
At Camp Grant he turned in two copies of
his orders to the finance office together
with a request for the reimbursement. The
fact that he hadn't been paid the money
when he was put on one of those "shipping"
lists didn't prevent his being whisked down'
to Harlingen Army Air Field. Texas, at Mex-
ico's door.
At Harlingen he turned in two copies of
his orders to the finance office together
with a request for the reimbursement. The
fact that he hadn't been paid the money
when he finished his training there didn't
prevent his being shipped out to Lowry
Field at Denver.
At Lowry Field he turned in two copies
of his orders to the finance office together
with a request for the reimbursement. The
fact that etc. etc, on a train to California.
headed for Santa Ana Army Air Bast.
At Santa An'a,etc, etc.
Finally, he was on a boat bound for the
South Pacific. There was no finance officer
on the boat.
Hollandia, New Guinea, was off the port
bow 22 days later; and when he got ashore
he etc, etc.
But war is war, and soon he was on his
way again. The next destination was Puerto
Princesa on Palawan Island in the Philip-
pines. There he did the conventional thing,
and the conventional thing resulted.
The war ended and he left Palawan for
a trip State-side Jan. 1, 1946. Back in the
states, he was too busy rushing around get-
ting discharged and collecting separation
pay And besides, he no longer had two
copies of THOSE orders.
Like several million other ex-GI's, he had
no regrets about his unfinished business
while in the service. Civilian life was bliss-
ful, and he was back on duty at the "old
The other day, however, he received a
long distance call from home. A check
had arrived, for $17.50. Ah, Lao; how little
you knew back in 640 8.C.
Right now it's not what to do with the
money that bothers Harsha-it's which set
of those orders did the trick.
L 1

EDITOR'S NOTE: Ievause The Daily
prints EViV letter to the editor
(which is si -red, 300 words or less
in gith, and in I ood taste) we re-
mind our readecrs that the viewis ex-
pressed in loiters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted .it th'e discretion of the edi-
torial director.

I i



Vets and Strikebreaking

TWO FORMER Air Fgxce officers in Flint
tried to organize back-to-work move-
ments among war veterans during the three-
month General Motors strike, last year. The
weak response they met was typical of that
accorded similar projects in scattered strikes
throughout the nation. Some observers, re-
membering bitter letters from soldiers over-
seas which were front-paged by newspapers
during the war, have expressed surprise
when strikes have broken out that antagon-
ism between veterans and former war-work-
ers has not developed more fully.
An episode which took place in Italy not
long after the 1944 elections may illustrate
the extent to which home-front newspapers
exaggerated whatever degree of rift there
may have been between soldiers and work-
ers. There appeared in the "Mail Call"
column of the Army's daily overseas news-
paper Stars and Stripes (Mediterranean edi-
tion), November 17 (1944), a letter to the
editor from a sergeant, in which the writer
rebuked working men in the United States
and cited figures such as the following:
There were 9,428 strikes in America be-
tween December 1, 1941 and June 30, 1944,
be said. Of these, 143 strikes occurred in
December, 1941, he continued; 2,968 strikes
in 1942; 3,752 in 1943; 2,565 in the first six
months of 1944. As a result, he said, 476,000
"man days" were lost in December, 1941;
4,183,000 in 1942; 13, 500,000 in 1943; 4,170,-
000 in the first six months of 1944-a total
of 22,329,000 "man days" lost during the
period cited.
The sergeant's figures were impressive,
but they were meaningless when viewed
alone. While they did not necessarily con-
tradict the fact that working time lost
through strikes during the war had been
one-tenth of one per cent of the total, they
did presuppose a total of at least 22,329-

000,000 "man days" of production during
that period. In Washington, December 2,
A. F. Hinrichs, Acting Commissioner of La-
bor Statistics, announced that the sergeant's
figures were "substantially correct." At the
same time, he confirmed their low ratio to
the total production figure.
Meanwhile, letters of protest from other
soldiers in Italy hit the Sitars and Stripes of-
fice in Rome. In the issue of December 3,
there appeared excerpts from eight of these
letters, which countered the attack on labor
in this manner: A captain wrote that "the
vast majority of strikes were of the 'wild-
cat' or unauthorized variety" and that two-
thirds of the time lost by strikes during
1943 had been due to the coal strikes, in-
volving a union affiliated with neither the
CIO nor the AFL. A corporal cited Presi-
dent Roosevelt's words from his speech be-
fore the Teamsters' Union on September 23,
and also Department of Labor figures show-
ing that "in 1943, 99.8% of all labor re-
mained on the job." Most of the letters
compared strike records with those of AWOL
cases. Several of them took swipes at the
home-front press for the overemphasis giv-
en to wildcat strikes. There were no letters
sustaining the sergeant's stand, and on on-
ly one point did they agree with him-that
there should be no strikes of any kind until
the war ended.
Questioned shortly before Christmas that
year, Private John Welsh III, editor of the
"Mail Call" column, revealed that he had
received 20 letters, all opposing the ser-
geant. "Only eight of them were considered
for publication," he said, "because the other
twelve repeated practically the same argu-
ments." The average G-I, Welsh thought,
was much more sympathetic toward labor
at that time than he had been, say, in De-
cember, 1943. For one thing, Welsh pointed
out, the G-I had been thinking a lot more
about going home and-in most cases-
about going back to work. A lot of the oys,
he added, were from the ranks of organized
labor. In the past year (1943-4), Welsh
reflected, there had been no slackening in
the anti-labor campaign being waged by the
American press. If anything, he said, it
had been intensified. The conclusion to be
drawn from this, said Welsh, was that
American newspapers were having no no-
ticeable effect on troops overseas.
During the final weeks of the General
Motors strike in 1946, veterans paraded
through the streets of Flint and Detroit in
mass demonstrations of their solidarity with
other ranks of labor. Those industrial mag-
nates and representatives who threw up
their hands in horror and surprise at this
outcome may blame the distortions of fact
in their own channels of information for
any hopes they may have entertained of re-
cruiting strikebreakers among the veterans.
The home-front press appears to have mis-
fired with the group at which its campaign
was directed.
-Malcolm Wright



Foreign Loans
It is not surprising that Acting Secretary
Dean Acheson, when he appeared before the
House Foreign Affairs Committee March 20,
to support the proposed Greek and Turkish
loans, should have intoned the words "free-
dom" and "integrity" and laid down a smoke
screen of the "necessity of helping free peo-
ples to maintain their free institutions." He
was merely taking his line from the Presi-
dent's message demanding the loans.
As I have said before, perhaps we ought
to lend this money to Greece and Turkey
but the Government should state the facts
and not try to make the people believe that
the money is to be used to follow a Holy
Grail. President Truman to the contrary
notwithstanding, at the moment, our inter-
vention in neither Greece nor Turkey would
be "helping free peoples to maintain their
free institutions." If the money that he
asked for is to be used to support the present
unenlightened economic and social systems
of those two countries, it will be money that
might just as well be thrown in the Patuxent
Riven at its very deepest point. If on the
other hand it is to be used to enable the
people to establish republican forms of
government, then it will be well spent.
The truth is that we are not being told
all of the facts that we ought to have. When
it is proposed that we embark upon an in-
ternational couirse that is a sharp departure
from anything in our past, we ought to do
it with our eyes wide open. Apparently the
administration is undertaking to put these
loans over on the pretense that thereby we

SEE THE BEST YEARS. The Juniors have
feted the Senior class with as gay a re-
view as we have seen since New York's Pins
and Needles had its phenomenal run so
many years ago. The sequences follow the
trials of women at Michigan, and fortun-
ately theshow is not clogged up with too
much plot. But it is the music and the
dancing that make The Best Years delight-
ful entertainment. Avis McCrillis, Betty
Spillman, and Nancy Schiller have written
such songs as "To the Team" and "Alma
Mater" that should become a part of Michi-
gan's music tradition, and the show's theme
song, "College Days" was catchy enough to
send the Seniors out of the theater singing.
Two hot torch singers, Bonnie Elms and
Barbara Lee Smith, really sold the house
with "Lonesome Woman Blues" and "With-
out Your Love". Two old numbers were
given true barbershop quartet treatment in
a scene at The Orient.
But the dancing, especially in two chorus-
es, was terrific. The bathing girls that were
featured in Wednesday's Daily wonderfully
burlesqued the seductive charms of the 1910
era, and the Charleston number, in the cos-
tume and "spirits" of the 1920 football
crowds, was ordered back for two repeats
by the wildly enthusiastic Seniors. Pioneer
Madelon Stockwell and "woman's rights"
Alice Lloyd were featured with finesse in two
sequences. Although the continuity be-
tween songs was often thin, some of the
biggest revues that have run in New York
have suffered more from this than the 1947
Junior Girls' Play.
--J. M. Culbert
'HE NEW international body which is
known for convenience as UNESCO is
a product of the widespread belief that only
to the degree that there is a world commun-
ity will world law be practicable and a world
political organization be effective.
It is the instrument devised to help build
that community by working directly to mold
men's ideas.
-Byron Dexter in Foreign Affairs

(Continued from Pge 3)
City of Detroit Civil Service
Commission has announced exam-,
inations for the following jobs:
Building Operating Engineer; Die-
titian; Female Zoological Instruc-
tor; Governmental Analyst; Jr.
Health Inspector; Accountants;
Part-time Piano Accompanist;t
Veterinarian; Asst. Director, His-
torical Commission; Social Work-
er; General Staff, Communicable
Disease, and Public Health Nurse:
Medical Technologist; Life Guard
and Swimming Instructor (sum-
mer only).
State of Michigan Civil Service
examination announced for Clerks,
Employment, Service Interviewer,
and Public Health Venereal Dis-
ease Physician.
6th IJ.S. Civil Service Region
has announced open competitive
examinations for appointments to
positions of Field and Claims As-
sistants in the B3ureau of Old-Age
and Survivors Insurance, Social
Security Administration in Ohio,
Kentucky and Michigan.
For further information of the
above call at the Bureau of Ap
pointments, Rm. 201, Mason Hall.
University Community Center:
1045 Midway, Willow Run Village:
Fri., Mar. 28, 8 p.m., Duplicate
Bridge. Party Bridge. Dancing.
Bridge instruction by appointment.
Sat., Mar. 29, 6 p.m., Wives'
Club Party. Call for reservations.
Fri., Mar. 28, 8:30-11:30 p.m.,
Record Dance.
The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures:
Professor Henry Rottschaefer, of
the University of Minnesota, will
deliver the first series of Thomas
M. Cooley Lectures, under the aus-
pices of the Law School and the
Research, on the general subject,
"The Constitution and Socio-Eco
nomic C h a n g e," as follows.:
Lecture 5, "Implications of Re-
cent Trends," 3 p.m., Fri., March
28, Rm. 100 Hutchins Hall. The
public is cordially invited.
Dr. Julius Held, professor of
Fine Arts at Barnard College, will
give an illustrated lecture on "So-
cial Aspects of Early Flemish Art,"
at 4:15 p.m., Friday, March 28,
Rackham Amphitheatre. The pub-
lic is cordially invited. Auspices of
the Department of Fine Arts.
Mr. Ahmad Hussein, publisher,
founder and leader of the Young
Egypt Party, will speak on the
subject, "Anglo-Egyptian Rela-
tions." at 8 p.m., Mon., March 31,
Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices
of the Arab Club. The public is
cordially invited.
Academic Notices
History 50, Midsemester: Fri-
day, March 28. No. I, Sections
meeting on Tuesday and Wednes-
day, midsemester examination in
Rm. B, Haven Hall. I, Sections
meeting on Thursday and Satur-
day, mid-semester in Rm. 348, W.
Final Examination: Hygiene

through Zwagerman-Natural Sci-
ence Auioim
Section II-Tues., April 1, att
4:15 p.m. Allbright through Kitch-t
en-Rm. B, Haven Hall. All oth-
ers, Kimpton through Yaco-Nat-1
ural Science Auditorium.I
Biological Chemistry 111: It isP
evident from advanced regista-~
tion that it may be necessary to
limit enrollment in the biological
chemistry laboratory for the sum-
mer session of 1947 as was the caset
last year. Since it is desired to
give preference to properly quali-
fied students on this campus, it is
requested that all students con-;
tact my office (Rm. 317, W. Medi-
cal Bldg.) before the Easter vaca-r
tion if they wish to have a place in
this course reserved for them. Wet
shall make every effort to accom-
modate students who must take
this course during the summer,
but we are limited in our enrll-t
ment by the size of our labora-
tories and teaching staff. There is
no limitation for those students
who wish to take the lecture course
only (Biological Chemistry 110).
Industrial Sociology (Soc. 172)
Busses for Ford trip Friday will
load at east entrance, Hill Audi-
torium, instead of location an-
nounced. Departure: 12:15 p.m.,
Algebra Seminar: 4:15 p.m., Fri.,
March 28, 3201 Angell Hall. Prof.
M. O. Reade will speak on
"Normed Rings."
Complex Vnriable Seminar:
Sat., 10 a.m., 3011 Angell Hall.
Prof. Hansen will speak on the
Schwartz-Christoffel Mapping
Biological Chemistry: Seminar,
10-12 noon, Sat., March 29. Rm
319, W. Medical Bldg. Subject:
Some Aspects of the Metabolism of
Carbohydrates Other Than Glu-
cose. All interested are invited.
University of Michigan Sym-
phony Orchestra, Wayne Dunlap,
Conductor, will be heard in a con-
cert at 8:30 Tuesday evening,
April 1, in Hill Auditorium. The
program will open with a composi-
tion by Edmund Haines which has
been dedicated to the memory of
the late Palmer Christian, Univer-
sity Organist and Professor of
Organ, 1924-47. Other works will
include Howard Hanson's Sym-
phony No. 1, in E minor, Faure's
Peleas and Melisande, Debussy's
Premier Rhapsodie, and Soirees
Musicales by Benjamin Britten.
The public is invited.
Student Recital: James Wolfe,
student of piano under John Kol-
len, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Master of Music
at 8:30 Mon., evening, March 31,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
His program will include composi-
tions by Mozart, Beethoven,
Hindemith, and Schumann, and
will be open to the general pub-
Eveiits T oday

To the Editor:
HAVE LONG considered myself
a liberal American citizen who
n the name of free speech was
willing to tolerate the right of a
small, though anti-democratically
notivated minority of Communists
to exist and have their say. But
ecent events on the University of
vlichig;an campus are so frighten-
ng in their consequences as to
make me reconsider my position.
The Karl Marx society has in-
filtrated into the Business Admin-
stration School, Mr. Editor! Con-
sider the consequences, sir. The
ode segment of American life that
mnight have been expected to op-
pose Communism to the last ditch
has been subverted. And right on
this campus! The president of
the Karl Marx society, Elmer
Faust, is a student in the Univer-
sity School of Business Adminis-
tration. sir!
The Communists are famous for
their use of "Communist front"
organizations, but never before
have they been so extraordinarily
successful. Students of American
business are being used as sheep's
clothing by the diabolically clever
agents of Moscow! Monsignor
Sheen captures Louis Budenz from
the Communist Party, but here,
before our very eyes, the Reds
have captured scores of innocent
Business Administration students!
We must admit the truth and kid
mourselves no longer. The "Red
Menace" in this country is a Red
Menace! We can no longer blink
at the fact.
You are in a position of respon-
sibility, Mr. Editor, and must bear
the greater blame should the
Communists subvert this country.
Wue must stop thenm now!
Fortunately we have in this
state a governor who is as con-
scious of the Red Menace as I,
now am, and I hope you too are,
sir. Governor Sigler is an mer-
ciless prosecutor of subversive ac-
tivities. I say this with sadness
and heaviness in my heart, but it
is your sworn duty to call upon
Governor Sigler to investigate the
School of Business-Administration
of this University for subversive
Communist activity! You have
no other course, sir. If we do not
stop them here and now, sir, the
Reds will be in Wall Street. God
help us, sir. Liberally yours
-Robert Speckhard

Student Election
To the Editor:
Legislature election came re- c
newed pleas for a change in the
system of electing legislators. So
strong is the opposition to the
Hare Plan that reconsideration
of the system is virtually certain,
especially because of the strategic
location of much of the opposi-
Praise is due Mr.eCarneiro for
pointing out the defects of the
Hare Plan in a rcent letter in this
column though I am sure he in-
tended no censure of either Mr.
Hare or Mr. Taylor, originator and
campus proponent of the plan
respectively. It is simply that the
plan proved not as good as their
intentions. -
Mr. Carneiro also introduced a
plan to replace the present one,
and it undoubtedly merits serious
attention. However, I should like
to outline another voting system
which I hope will be considered
when the time comes.
Essentially it consists of allow-
ing each voter a number of votes
equal to the number of positions
to be filled; that is, if, twenty four
vacancies were to be filled, each
voter would have twenty four
votes to use at his own discretion.
He might give them all to one
candidate, or he might give one to
each of twenty four candidates, or
they could be assigned in any in-
termediate proportion.
office opens 2 p.m. daily. For tick-
ets. phone 4121, ext 479.
Michigan Chapter of the Pro-
posed I. I. Ch. E.: Discussion on
Future of Chemical Industries in
India at 8 p.m., International Cen-
ter. Members and those interested
are cordially invited.
Association Coffee Hour: 4:30-
6 p.m., Lane Hall Library,
I n t e r Co-operative Council:
Forum led by Prof. J. F. Shepard,
Psychology Department, w it h
Turkish, Greek and American stu-
(Cottilued On Page 5)

Lectures for Women. Section I-- University Radio Program:
Mon.. March 31, 4:15 p.m. Ander- 2:30 p.m.. Station WKAR, 870
son through Goebel--Rm. C, Hav- Ke. Tales from Poe, "The Cask of
en Hall. All others, Goldman Amontillado."

At The Michigan.


Swell Guy (Hellinger), Sonny
Ann Blyth



SWEL GUY is the impression Sonny


ยข f-




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