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March 02, 1947 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-02

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11 is


'rice Level Increase



time of the emasculation of the
rol Act by the last Congress, Sen.
ndenberg suggested that it would
idea to remove price controls on
dustry in an "experiment" to see.
ther OPA regulations could be
v approximately four months since
Truman removed all OPA controls
ose on rent and rice, and a bit
t meat controls have been relaxed.
s period, the nation's economy has
eted to an experiment on an even
ale than that proposed by Senator
eek's news brings reports of stag-
creases in wholesale hog prices
r hundredweight, or a level 75%
e former OPA ceiling. One pork
pecialist for the Department of
re commented that the jump in
and wholesale pork prices may
pork chops at one dollar a pound
r shops.
published in The Michigan Daily
n by members of The Daily staff
sent the views of the writers only.

More serious than this is the general rock-
eting of prices throughout the nation's com-
modity markets according to daily reports
in the financial columns of the press.
In recent weeks, Congress has been con-
sidering a number of bills, supported by the
real estate lobby, which propose general in-
creases in rent levels or complete abolition
of controls. Our experience so far should
warrant no further "experimentation" for
by this time it is evident that only because
of control has the rent level stayed as it is.
The ten percent increase approved by
the Senate sub-committee would be only
the forerunner of future demands by the
landlord interests accentuating the already
dangerous inflationary trend. Coupled
with widespread consumer inability to pay
the prices in the offing for durable com-
modities, a relaxation of rent controls
now would increase the squeeze on the
individuals in the lower and middle income
groups and destroy any hope of their being
able to maintain financial stability.
With savings and earnings now drastically
reduced from the levels of the flush days
of the war period, another dip into the
public's pocket could only lead to a curtail-
ment of demand and production with pos-
sible collapse of our national economy.
-Walter Dean

+ART +

present exhibition at the Rackham
, sponsored by the College of Archi-
and Design, is one of the outstanding
f the season. It would be extremely
to find two artists whose work is
ially so different and fundamentally
y akin.
es Farr, who studied with George
the Art Students' League in New
d in Paris, caine home full of un-
ies and with a leaning toward ab-
iism in art. He was restless and
led. He likes paintings "that are
>" and he found his solution in the
paintings he now has on exhibit.
e the result of seven years of effort
ow a keen appreciation of the
Les and craftsmanship which good
toes not imitate nature, rather he
nds its superficial appearance, as,
By Saul Grossman

for example, in New York Tenament. In
a mood which is more poetic than bitter
he gives us a moving visual symbol of ten-
ament life. The despair and desolation of
the couple at the window contrasts beau-
tifully with the freer man and the birds on
the roof; they are backed with a luminous
blue sky.
The Portrait of Nicholas Sam shows sure
draughtsmanship and a fine interpretation
of individual character. Water Front, Key
West is rich in color, excellent in composi-
tion, and is especially effective in the hand-
ling of the grasses in the foreground.
Gerome Kamrowski, on the other hand,
shows us a different aspect of this world in
which we live. He studied under Cameron
Booth in St. Paul, at the New Bauhaus in
Chicago and at the Art Students' League in
New York.
"Different motives inevitably require
different methods of expression. If a sub-
ject I have wanted to express has suggested
different ways of expression I have never
hesitated to adopt them.-' This quotation
from Picasso applies fully to Kamrowski.
He has found what most of us have
thought but have been unable to express.
He has expressed himself. Now, if you
must, reduce it to words. But I sincerely
doubt that you can. But you can experi-
ence his art and that is the only way you
can understand it.
Every object in nature has more than one
aspect and certainly our inner life and phy-
sical being have more than is apparent to
the naked eye. Kamrowski is only too keenly
aware of this. What may appear new and
unfamiliar in his work is merely his more
lucid statement of that for which we only
grope. Penetration of the visible world
leads to penetration of the invisible and te
artist does it with singing color, brilliant
composition and a magical ability to go far
deeper into being than most of, us vepture.
He is painting what he knows to exist and
what he knows is tremendously exciting.
Schubert Jonas

Can religion be taught or is it only caught?
That question has been debated ever since
Aristotle pointed out that man's soul is con-
scious of sensation and can coordinate the
impressions which come in from the five
senses. The problems which cluster about
this ancient observation engaged us last
week in the International Council of Re-
ligious Education in Grand Rapids, Michi-
gan. With the aid of travelled observers,
chaplains, and commentators immersed in
clusters of professors, pastors; and super-
visors, we were making our effort to under-
stand this strange world. Our mood might
be read in "Not So Wild A Dream" by Eric
Sevareid, page 231:
"Day and night I lived with youngsters
who flew the world for the transport com-
mand. They measured the far horizons
and calculated the heavens with their
stubby schoolroom pencils. Their young
eyes looked into the depths of mysterious
seas and regarded the unfolding of the
vast continents while showed on their
faces the laboring of God's time and the
hands of men, while they munched a wad
of Wrigley's Spearmint. Watching these
boys, listening to their talk, I felt old; I
felt myself a foreigner upon a new planet.
We were separated by no more than ten
years in time, but in those few years
something fundamental, something dis-
turbing and strange, had occurred. Either
they were living life in a vital new dimen-
sion from which I was forever barred, or
I alone among them was alive and they
were stillborn and dead."
Taking tneir deflection into new directions
of practice from the listed findings about
persons under the strains and fears of war,
these delegates from every state in the Un-
ion arrived set on a trigger, as it were, and
ready to "go-off." Here is going on the
progress of American Christianity. A sur-
face observation would have brought one
away feeling that at least there is deep
interest. The reports, committee work, lec-
tures and debates showed conviction and
The three major inquiries which came
under our observation were (1) In Theology,
for the present generation, which all-out
emphasis is most certain to succeed? Tran-
scendence, that is, God the "wholly other,"
or should religious teachers move in the
opposite direction to Immanence of God or
Christian Humanism? Or should we main-
tain that balance which American Christ-
ianity, both Catholic and Protestant, his-
torically, has always insisted upon? (2) In
Organization-must a super-organization
such as the United Church of Canada or
the Federal Council of Churches be brought
to every precinct before the Christian mes-
sage can adequately arrest the distemper
and evil leading to a third World War? Or
is it properly a phase of the democratic pro-
cess to allow full reign to denominational
individualisi across the nation so no social
cohesion can issue from faith and works?
(3) As to Education-dare religious teachers
and parents continue o follow reverently the
methods of the public educators and so rely
more and more upon teaching techniques of
the age, but less and less upon "the Divine
Intent"? Or has God deliberately entrusted
His patterns of life and completely delegated
His specific spiritual potential for men to
the Church, in which case laisse faire, dedi-
cation, prayer, and revelation should and
must take precedence?
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
Whatxs o

"What is it, dolling--an oak leaf cluster for your Motherhood medal"
Letters to the Edtor...


that it is one big waste of time,
money, and good intentions was
written by none other than the
head of the beverages committee,
naturally our senior member.
His decision is based upon the
futility of a similar investigation
which, as he recollects it, hap-
pened long, long ago:
It seems that way back. when
everything was satisfaction-
about the time Theodore Bilbo re-
turned from studying at the U. of
Michigan without being accused
of having absorbed any of these
here pink theories of human
equality-that some students at
the local University were accused
of harboring alien idealogies. The
powers that be appointed an in-
vestigatiing committee with the
necessary quorum of subcommit-
tees. And four students were not
only found guilty but were actually
accused of voicing Party propo-
But nothing ever became of it
except that one indignant went
to a rally and had his pocket
picked that one speaker got lar-
yngitis and one elected to Con-
gress. It was ruled that the cul-
prits could not be expelled and
that it was their right to speak
freely even though one of these
here Republicans practically ad-
mitted he was one .. .
Therefore the ILMVAPUT re-
solved unanimously not in approv-
al of any party line but merely
to save a lot of energy that it
be this week's recommendation
that any and all investigators ask
themselves at once just what they
will do about it if they find a
If they don't know they should
go home and do their, work.
-T. S. Lichtenberger
Corresponding Secretary
Freedom of Others

munist co-operation is that "they
belong to a dictatorial party and
a dictatorial movement." So says
Leo Cherne. Executive Secretary
of the Research Institute of
America. On the basis of this and
other similar statements do you
think that the kind of govern-
ment proposed by the Commun-
ists would prevent regression "in-
to our pre-war state of smugness,
to allow free speech and discus-
sion, the very life blood of demo-
cratic precedure, to be destroyed?"
Are you so ill informed as to be-
believe that the Communistic
movement would give us even
more freedom, that there would
be freedom of religion, press,
speech, and the freedom of free
elections . . . etc? Lady, you are
in a sad fix. Are we to disregard
the advice of Hearst and the Me-
Cormick press in favor of the for-
eign philosophy of Marx and En-
gels, who have probably never en-
joyed the liberties offered by what
you called a so-called democracy.
Alvin Leake
Fn Co
French Conditions

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printedor
omitted At the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
* * *
Le Cercle Francais
To the editor:
I HAVE BEEN on the campus a
relatively long time. During
this period I have always meant to
join Le Cercle Francais, but some-
how I never did get arouid to do-
ing so. This semester, I promised
myself, I would take the fatal
plunge and become a full-time
Malheureusement, I have dis-'
covered that Gov. Kim Sigler has
now started an investigation into
subversive activities on this cam-
pus. This fact has alarmed me to
no small degree. Now, I keep
looking behind me whenever I
walk on the campus, looking for
those Lansing representatives.
Now I am really frightened. I
don't know what I can safely do.
Should I join Le Cercle Francais
and run the risk of a personal in-
quisition? Oh, quelle quandry! I
really don't know which is the
wisest course to follow. I do wish
you would advise me, or at least
tell me if La Petite Causette is
-Morris Marvin Winer
Congress Criticized
To the Editor:
THOUGH the present Congress


K J 3
9 5 6 3
A 4'2



S 7 2
H AJ107
E DQ108
C 9872



A Q 10 9 5
K 6 5
A 10 5 3

cil (ICC) is a non-partisan, non-r
profit organization formed for the
purpose of providing low-cost
housing and board and to extend
cooperative principles, which, stat-
ed briefly, are: (1) Every member
involved to achieve low-cost living
participates in the necessary work
'-cleaning, cooking, maintenance,
purchasing and the like. Each
member is assigned to his job
by a democratically-elected house
manager. No member is paid for;
his services and no member has
more than one vote in our cor-
poration. (2) Members are selected
on the basis of their willingness
and ability to work and live ac-
cording to the Rochdale principles,
these principles being the most
democratic form of constitution by
which to abide: no discrimination
because of race, creed, color, na-
tional origin or political affiliation.
MYDA, the affiliate organiza-
tion of AYD, is well known and
can easily be proved to be the+
outgrowth of the erstwhile Young
Communist League (YCL) and
thus might well be classed as a
left-handed organization. The ICC
is a social-economic unit, banded
together only for the purposes
stated above. It, of course, is true
that there are a good number of
Communists, fellow-travelers, sym-
pathizers and Wallace-type liberals
in tne ICC. This intelligensia, how-
ever, is more than balanced by a
larger number of neutral liberals
and responsible anti-Stalinists.
As long as any one of our mem-
bers conducts himself according to
cooperative principles no action
is contemplated, nor would it be,
against him, despite the fact that
he may be a member of the Com-
munist party. This goes also for
fascists, although it is difficult to
see how they could clothe their
ideas and actions.
(B) I have not noticed any un-
due amount of publicity afforded
the ICC, nor even MYDA-at least
not any more than is afforded by
that paragon of journalism, the
Detroit Free Press. If Armstrong,
Jr., thinks that fraternity and
dormitory life should be reported
more fully, he might describe this
life for us.
On the basis of the above infor-
mation, I believe an apology is due
to the, Inter-Cooperative Council.
Of course, if Mr. Armstrong, Jr.,
meant ICC to stand for the now
defunct Independent Citizens'
Committee or the Interstate Com-
merce Commission, we owe -him an
One last note-it should be made
clear that this letter, while rep-
resentative of a good portion of
the opinion of the members of
ICC, is not official and is the full
responsibility of thenundersigned.
-Edward Tumin

To the Editor:
FROM A PERUSAL of this col-
umn one gets the impression
that to some people the means of
preserving freedom lies in abridg-
ing the freedom of others. The
reasoning follows the line that if
MYDA has nothing to hide, then
an investigation should be wel-
comed. But this is censorship of,
thought just as clearly as a police-;
man entering one's home, ran-
sacking it and seizing property
without a warrant, is an instance
of the violation of the Constitu-
tional right of the people to be;
secure in their persons against un-
reasonable searches and seizures.
In either case the burden of proof
rests upon the initiator of the ac-
tion. In short, it would behoove
Gov. Sigler, an old prosecutor, to
show probable cause before pro-
ceeding on an investigation based
upon allegations that MYDA is
Communistic, for belonging to the
Communist Party is still legal.
Furthermore, in the opinion of
the late Justices Holmes and.
Brandeis, a man is not guilty of
subverting the government unless
a clear and present danger results
from his activities-an active in-
citement to immediate and violent
revolution. Manifestly th4en, to
agree with Gov. Sigler that MYDA
must be investigated for subver-
sive activities, one must recognize
a clear and present danger arising
from them. Btt since even the
sleuthing of so tireless a Red-
hunter as J. Edgar Hoover has
failed to produce evidence of the
existence of a party line from
Moscow, it is difficult for me to
believe that an organization of
thirty-odd students (so I am told)
without integration from Moscow
constitute a clear and present
danger to our form of govern-
ment. My difficulty is further in-
creased by the fact that no overt
act of MYDA as a group has fur-
thered a proletarian revolution.
It must be that Gov. Sigler is
aiming ultimately for something
big ger', and unless the people of
Michigan, particularly its stu-
dents, are watchful of the sanc-
tity of the freedom of minorities,
they eventually will find them-
selves free only to conform to a
uniform pattern of thought.
-Jacob C. Hurwitz, '49
Rleply to 'oodmr an

To the Editor:
Committee organized a cloth-
ing drive which was quite a suc-
cess - and I feel delighted that
it was so for two reasons: first
that I belong to that Committee
and worked for that drive and
secondly because I once was one
of those to whom these clothes
were sent. I left France a year
ago and at that time the food and
clothes situation was pretty bad.
But we hoped quite strongly that
the coming year would bring a lot
of improvements. From the news
I receive from my family I con-
clude that such is not the case.
Would you like to know what the
rations are in France at the pre-
sent time:
Bread, 300 gi. a day, or .042
Fat, 150 gin. a month, or .021
Meat, 100 gm. a week, or .014
Sugar, 1 pound a month (strict-
ly sugar, no question of candies
or ice cream or anything of the
Starches, 500. gm. a month, or
.07 ounces.
Milk, only for children under 13
years old. They also get dried
eggs and one can of vegetables
per person.
As far as clothes are concerned,
each person gets a card and is
allowed to use 20-"points" of it for
a period of six months. But to get
a dress you need between 25 and
40 points and to get a coat over
100 of them. Growing children
have special cards and are per-
mitted to use more, but it is still
not sufficient for their needs.
These are the limitations the
government has to impose on the
people because the production is
so slow. But if you want to get
any kind of clothes you still hlave
to pay for them of course, And,
we certainly can figure that cloth-
ing costs in France about five
times as much as in the United
States. On the dollar basis it is
already more expensive and also
French workers are not paid as
much as American ones.
So you can imagine how glad
I was to see clothes, shoes of all
sorts piling up in Lane Hall be-
cause I knew that they were going
to make so many people happy or
at least warmer. It was a wonder-
ful job that you did,. but unfort-
unately all of Europe has suffered
the worst winter in many years
and the need for clothing is per-
haps greater than ever. I hope
that with this in mind we will
make an all out effort to make
our next clothing drive an even
greater success.
-Madeleine Calingaert
1.Iltirtizrn &if

loth sides not -vul. The bidding
S Pass 2 C Pass
S Pass 4 S Pass
C Pass 5'D Pass
S Pass Pass Pass
hand was played between bluebooks
at Quad during finals week.
bidding was bold and imaginative..
South'sslain try of 5 Clubs, North
ly cue bid his Ace of Diamonds and
went on to 6 Spades, holding one
loser and a fit in Diamonds and Clubs.
hat the use of the Blackwood con-
n would not have revealed the particu-
e held by North and would have made
s slam bid a questionable gamble.
t opened the King 6f Hearts and con-
the suit. Cleland Nelson, one of the
top players, was declarer on this
and could count only 11 winners, with
ce to park the losing Diamond. He
on a way to make his contract with a
Dummy Reversal if the trump suit
break badly. He trumped the second
in his hand, laid down the Ace of
and led a small Club to the Jack.
en ruffed a Heart with the Queen of
and led a small Spade to the Jack.
ist Heart from dummy was led, and
ed with the ten of Spades. A low
Ind was led to the Ace, the last trump
and the King of Clubs was played.
ueen of Clubs was now played, over-
by the Ace in the closed hand, and
ing Diamond in dummy discarded on
ng Club. Well played. Nelson.
tions on bidding and play are wel-
,and will be answered in this column.
s CROSS RNFFS c/o Michigan Daily.
the campaign of 1944, Puerto Rican
ss men were unwilling to advance and
erable funds to the leaders of the
on cause at home; but they contri-

may disagree on
it is marvelous to
speed and facility

many issues,
observe the
with which


John Steinbeck, THE WAYWARD BUS,
Viking Press, New York, 1947, $2.75.
JOHN STEINBECK has dipped into his
literary bag and come up with a smooth,
if not epoch-making, tale, in his first full-
length novel in eight years, The Wayward
Bus. It is hard to compare this book to any
of Steinbeck's previous works as it is a
unique thing in that respect. As usual he is
concerned with qharacter rather than event.
The account of what happens on the bus
ride, though interesting enough to sustain
the reader, is not of primary importance.
What matters is the characters and their
reactions and influences upon each other.
In this respect, Juan Chicoy, the half Irish,
half UVexican bus driver comes through to
the reader with amazing force. He is a man,
and, ". .. there aren't very many of them,
as Alice Chicoy (his wife) had found out."
There is in the characters a good deal of
symbolism which is readily discernable and
simple to interpret. For involved in the story
are a successful business man, reminiscent of
Babbit, a traveling salesman with a suitcase
full of gadgets and novelties, a painfully
adolescent youth called Pimples, a waitress
infatuated with Clark Gable, the daughter
and nagging wife of the business man, and
Camille, who is naturally and without in-
tention, one of those women that, because
she is an irresistable lure for men, creates

Norman Granz, whose traveling jam ses-f
sion will appear here on Tuesday, has madet
sure that local record shops are overflowingt
with Jazz At The Philharmonic albums. If
you are a collector of contemporary jazz,1
it might be a good idea to buy them now.
So far, Granz has released four albums, but
more will probably follow. These 'recordings1
are interesting because they were all re-1
corded at actual jazz concerts, often without
the musicians' knowledge. As Granz puts it,
"the spontaneous jam-session effect is cap-E
tured." In recording the jam-session effect,
Granz has also captured many technical1
mistakes which would have been ironed out
at a regular studio recording session. But
these defects should not discourage the
listener. There is enough good raw jazz on
all the records to compensate for their rough
Album One is the best of the four. It con-'
sists of six sides of improvisations on "How
High The Moon," which has superceded
"Honeysuckle Rose" as the number one jam
tune, and "Oh Lady Be Good." Personnel
includes Willie Smith, alto, Illinois Jacquet,
tenor, Joe Guy, trumpet, Howard McGhee,
crumpet, Garland Finney, Ulysses Living-
ston and Red Calendar, rhythm. Joe Guy's
trumpet solo on the opening side of "Moon"'
is one of the most sensitive and melodic bits
of jazz that I have heard in years.
-Malcolm Raphael

they have handled the proposed
amendment to limit the power of
the people to elect their presi-
dent. Curious that they seem so
slow in handling such things as
the Child Labor Amendment, or
the Anti-Poll Tax Bill.
On the state scene we observe
the Republican Party launching a
drive to squelch third parties and
to eliminate the Secret Primary
Ballot. In the words of Senator
Vandenburg: "If a voter hasn't
the courage to name his party,
then that voter shouldn't -have
the right to vote." We wonder
how soon it will be before they
oblige us to name our candidates
before granting us the "privilege"
of voting. Perhaps the conscien-
tious citizenry will wake up be-
forehand. Perhaps they will wait
until their heads roll in the streets.
-Corneluis Loeser, Grad.


To The Editor:
THERE SEEMS to be some mis-
understanding on the part of
Mr. Kenneth Arm~strong, Jr., in his
letter of the 27th. In his lumping
together of MYDA, AYD and the
ICC, I'm afraid he was a bit in-
discriminate; in his accusation
that the above groups were receiv-
ing undue publicity in the columns
of The Daily, Mr. Armstrong was
being slightly ridiculous.
For Mr. Armstrong's informa-
tion, the Inter-Cooperative Coun-

Resolved by ILMVAPUT
To the Editor:
AT THE national convention of
the Lower Mississippi Valley
Association for the Promulgation
of Ultimate Truth, our delegate
made his report on local problems,
so that the aggregate wisdom of
the group be put to best use.
The impending investigation of
communist activities in Michigan
aroused interest; and the decision

To the Editor:
[N REPLY to Betty Goodman's
, letter to The Daily, I would
like torask her a few questions.
She is typical of the many people
whose minds are blinded by the
doctrines of Marx and Engels.
Among the first to colonize
America were people who were in
quest of freedom. They were look-
ing for a place to live where they
would be free of unjust taxes im-
posed by their kings, where they
could worship their God in the
manner that they believed was
right. They, in a sense were revo-
lutionists. They crossed an ocean
to be out from under the heel of
tyranny. Later when the British
army tried to suppress their lib-
erties by enforcing British laws
on this side of the ocean they
banded together and threw them
One of many reasons that be-
lievers in the democratic form of
government cannot accept Com-

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Paul Harsha..........Managing Editor
Clayton Dickey............City Editor
Milton Freudenheim..Editorial Director
MaryBrush ..........Associate Editor
Ann Kutz..........Associate Editor
Clyde Recht.........Associate Editor
Jack Martin..........Sports Editor
Archie Parsons.. Associate Sports Editor
Joan wilk............ Women's Editor
Lynne Ford ..Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter . . General Manager
Janet Cork .........Business Manager
Nancy Helmick .. .Advertising Manager
Ile, hn d Tho 4c~a. Pr


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