TIM, Mit1llc:AN DAIIy
: WEDNESDfAY. MARCH 12. 1944- -..--,a, 2
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C , LWA4 A AVV X A AL Op
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NIGHT EDITOR: FRANCES PAINE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Scientists vs Army
SHALL ATOMIC ENERGY-the scare-all pow-
er-be controlled by civilians or by the mili-
The Association of University of Michigan
Scientists yesterday vigorously supported civil-
ian control in a telegram to Senators Fergu-
son and Vandenberg urging passage of the
MlcMahon Bill. With the Association's action
we are in complete agreement.
Already atomic energy has been abused in that
we have seen fit to keep it to ourselves. We are
trying to perpetuate a monopoly of vital atomic
knowledge which cannot be perpetuated, so
scientists say. And in so doing we have lost a
momentous opportunity to show our good w'ill to
But if one opportunity has been lost, some-
thing can still be salvaged, both internationally
and within our own borders.
The issue of military versus civilian control
of atomic energy is now before Congress. The
May-Johnson Bill, which would permit mili-
tary control, has been approved by the House
Military Affairs Committee. The McMahon
Bill, which would give control to civilians, is
still pending in the Special Senate Committee
on Atomic Energy. -
THE MAY-JOHNSON BILL does not specify
that military members must be appointed to
the commission which it would set up, but the
military is not barred from membership nor from
the position of administrator of the commission.
Moreover, the Army and Navy chiefs of staff
would have a veto on decisions of the committee.
The McMahon Bill would set up a permanent
civilian commission of five members, the mili-
tary to have a voice through a military division,
and military security provided.
According to Washington observers, either the
May-Johnson Bill or a much-amended McMa-
hon Bill, providing for little civilian control, will
be enacted. Monday, Senator Vandenberg offered
an amendment to the McMahon Bill which
would strip the civilian commission of much of
its control powers and give them to a presiden-
tially-appointed military board. _
Military control of atomic energy would
have two detrimental results: it would be cause
for concern among other nations, thus adding
insult to the injury already inflicted by our
decision not to share our atomic knowledge;
it would probably hinder development of atom-
ic energy for both military and peacetime uses.
The rigid eortrols imposed by the Army do not
permit of freedom for scientists. Moreover,
with emphisis on military use, development
for peacetime uses would be seriously retard-
ed. Reaction of scientists to peacetime military
control has already been forth-coming in the
protest that military control has hampered the
developmnt of atomi eiergy as a cure for
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-The War Department isn't
saying so publicly, but the spot which worries
Secretary of War Patterson most in dynamite-
laden Europe is a small area at the head of the
Adriatic where two British and American divi-
sions are almost looking down the muzzles of
eight superior Jugoslav divisions.
That trouble spot is Trieste. Still held by Brit-
ish and American troops, it is expected that the
Jugoslavs, backed by a huge Russian army in
the rear, may move in almost any time.
If and when this happens, it means just one of
1. Either American and British troops turn
tail and evacuate, with great loss of prestige
througout Europe and a caving in of United Na-
tions ideals; or
2. If American and British troops resist, it
Huge Red Army
What makes the situation more alarming is
the fact that the Russians are maintaining a
huge army of 1,100,000 men in Hungary. This
tremendous concentration of troops in a country
of only 15,000,000 people obviously is not neces-
sary for internal policing. Furthermore, this
army consists of new, fresh troops and is located
south of Lake Balaton, an area from which it
could quickly reachTrieste.
However, the eight divisions of Jugoslav troops,
bristling with Lend-Lease equipment, would be
sufficient to smash the skeletonized Anglo-
American forces in Trieste even without Russian
assistance. At present the Jugoslav Army is
drawn up about 40 miles from Trieste on the
so-called "Morgan Line"-established by British
General Morgan as the dividing point between
British-American occupation and the Jugoslavs.
If this superior Jugoslav force starts advancing
on Trieste, American troops face the alternative
of stepping aside or opening fire. In the latter
case, U. S. forces would be annihilated.
Politically, the situation is extremely compli-
cated, with one important political point on the
side of the Jugoslavs. Back in 1940, before Jugo-
slavia was invaded by Germany, King Peter was
promised that his country could have Trieste
after the war, if it resisted the Nazi invasion.
Inheritance from 1918
Actually the city of Trieste is dominated by
Italians, though population around it is largely
Jugoslav. Before the last war it was Austro-Hun-
garian, but went to Italy under the Paris Peace
Conference-an award the Jugoslavs always
resented. Later, the Jugoslavs were even more
resentful when Italian Fascists under D'Annun-
zio seized Fiume, which Woodrow Wilson decreed
should be Jugoslav.
Soutoday Marshal Tito is out to get not only
Fiume, which he already has, but Trieste and
large areas of Italian territory around Gorizia,
Udine, and the Venezia-Euganea, where the pop-
ulation is largely Italian.
Probably there would have been more Ameri-
can support for the Jugoslavs were it not for
the fact that Trieste plays a key role in the old
Russian aim to take over the Balkans and do-
minate the eastern Mediterranean.
In this respect, Stalin is carrying out the age-
old ambition of the Czars. He has gone further
than the Czars, however, and is demanding a
share in Italy's North African colonies, also
control of the Dodecanese Islands from which
he can guard the western entrance to the Dar-
danelles, and finally a base on the Red Sea
from which he can point a revolver at The Brit-
ish life-line through Suez.
Lewis in Real Estate
One tipoff on just how vigorously John L.
Lewis plans to enter his battle to recapture the
CIO came out at the AFL executive board meet-
ing in Miami, where the bushy-browed labor
thespian joined his former enemies in a holy
war against his former friends, Phil Murray and
One of Lewis' first moves was to persuade
the AFL to move out of its shabby thirty-year-
old headquarters to a modern stream-lined
building near the White House.
Lewis was named chairman of an AFL com-
mittee to acquire the new building. Some years
ago John paid a quarter of a million for the
University Club, once the home of Washington
elite, and made it his United Mine Workers head-
But since then Phil Murray has established an
office two blocks nearer the White House.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
AIMED AT restricting labor unions, the Case
Bill recently passed by the House has been
accepted by the Senate Committee on Education
and Labor as a basis for deliberation. It seems
probably that some sort of compromise along
this line will soon go into effect.
Major sanctions of the bill would make wage
contracts equally binding on labor and manage-
ment, place restrictions on picketing, prohibit
secondary boycotts, and bar foremen from col-
lective bargaining rights under the National La-
bor Relations Act.
We wonder how it is that those who have spent
such energy denouncing the principle of govern-
ment restriction in private affairs find them-
selves able to back this legislation with perfect
THE WAR DEPARTMENT directive of Febr-
uary 20, 1945, permitting commissions to be
granted to all Communists loyal to the govern-
ment of the United States, created a terrific
uproar. But the Army stuck to its directive, issu-
ing numerous statements proving the contribu-
tion of American Communists to the war effort.
One young officer, an avowed Communist, had
been granted the DSC for his outstanding work
in organizing the partisans in Italy. Capt. Her-
man Boettcher, a Communist veteran of the
Spanish Civil War, had been granted a field com-
mission. After nearly three years of combat he
was killed while leading a scouting patrol on
Leyte. These are but instances.
The War Department also announced at that
time that there were 12,000 Communists in
the armed forces. None of them had been
court-martialled for disloyalty. On February
22, 1945, Major General Ulio, then Adjutant
General, testified that individual attitudes and
actions would be the test applied by the Army.
Now tie War Department has seen fit to
change its former policy. A War Department
directive of March 8, 1946 bans all Communists
from duties connected with atomic energy or
radar, from OCS and flight training, from any
duties "affording access to secret or confidential
matters" and from assignments connected with
the information and orientation program.
SPREDICT that the Army will find itself un-
able to agree on a definition of 'Communist'.
The War Department should itself know about
this difficulty......on July 20 Secretary Henry
Stimson and Assistant Secretary John McCloy
were accused of 'Communist sympathies' by Rep.
John Rankin, who demanded their resignation.
McCloy is still serving in his former post; pre-
sumably this order will affect him. Good-bye,
We can also expect the number of men labelled
'Communist' by the Army to far exceed the Com-
munist Party's most ambitious claims about its
own membership. Since the hyper-active Dies
Committee discovered that Shirley Temple was
part of 'a left-wing plot' in Hollywood, the flood-
gates have been open. A prominent Democratic
Congressman has this week accused James
Roosevelt of being a Communist. Westbrook
Pegler has been discovering a new 'Communist-
dominated' veterans' organization almost every
John Steinbeck had one of his characters
observe in "Grapes of Wrath": "A Communist
is anybody who wants 20 cents an hour when
the bosses are paying 15." 1 predict that, to the
Army, anybody will be a Communist who does-
n't like his officers. And there was a Lt. Colonel
who commanded my battalion. . .but that's
WE SHOULD be warned by the fact that the
War Dept. labelled the recent over-seas
soldiers' demonstrations as 'Communist-inspired',
when most of the participants were just ordinary
guys with a very justified complaint. We should
be warned by the fact that two editors of the
Pacific "Stars and Stripes" were recently remov-
ed for being alleged Communists. ..their offense
had been to criticize demobilization policies.
We should be warned by the fact that we
have chosen to keep the atom bomb as a per-
sonal toy over the protests of most American
scientists, that Vandenberg and Byrnes have
chosen to get tough with Russia, that Canada
has picked this moment to accuse Russia of a
new 'spy-plot' which was allegedly discovered
a year ago.
WE SHOULD BE WARNED by the fact that
Congress has discarded the FEPC and is
emasculating the bill to provide veterans' hous-
ing, that the Government is unable to get shirts
into the stores because the manufacturers are
hoarding them. The Government has deserted
those who stood fast when shadows grew long
across the land; and now the summer soldier and
the sunshine patriot are again beginning to
scream at Congress: "We, we too, are Americans."
There are not two types of Americans ...one
type to fight and another type to rule. The War
Department has chosen to say that these two
classes do exist, and that it is just that they
should exist. The War Department will discover
that it is wrong.
We note with due alarm and a more unusual
bad temper the following AP news lead out of
"The United States today won the permanent
chairmanship of the governing boards of the
world bank and monetary fund, and agreed to
seek the presidency of the $9,100,000,000 inter-
national banking institution."
Yes, and Illinois won the Big Ten wrestling
championship last week.
The sooner we rid ourselves of the perverted
chauvinism which makes us treat the UNO and
its subsidiary organizations as vast Olympic
political arenas in which the Ed Pauleys of the
world compete for territorial and monetary ad-
vantages, the sooner the UNO will mean what it
is supposed to mean, peace in everybody's time.
Publication in the Daily Official bul-
etin is constructive notice to all men-
bers of the University. Notices forthe
bulletin should be sent In typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
101 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 86
Student Tea: President and Mrs.'
Ruthven will be at home to students'
this afternoon, from 4 to 6 o'clock.'
The United States mail clerk who
delivers to all campus offices earnest-
ly requests that all students, espe-
cially graduate students, arrange
that their first-class mail be ad-
dressed to their Ann Arbor addresses
instead of to a department in the
The same request is made with re-
spect to second-class mail-Life,
Time, Newsweek, etc.-addressed to
students and faculty.
The increase in the bulk of mail
now being received prompts this ap-
Herbert G. Watkins,
Women who will graduate in June
and are planning to attend the ban-
quet and play being given on Thurs-
day by the women of the Junior class
should rent their caps and gowns to-
day or Thursday at Moe's Sport Shop.
Eligibility Certificates for the
Spring Term may be secured immed-
iately if the last report of grades is
brought to the Ofice of the Dean of
Photoelasticity: Applicants f o r
work in a research project will be in-
See Professor F. L. Everett, 411-A
West Engineering Building.
Forestry Assembly: There will be
an assembly of the School of Forestry
and Conservation at 11:00 am., Wed-
nesday, March 20, in the Amphithea-
ter of the Rackham Building. Dr.
Walter C. Lowderimilk, assistant chief
of the U. S. Soil Conservation Service,
will give an illustrated talk on "Land
Use Studiesdinethe Near and Far
East." All students in the School of
Forestry and Conservation are ex-
pected to attend unless they have
conflicts in nonforestry subjects.
Other interested persons are cordially
Kothe Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered to students
in courses 31, 32, 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation competition (Ger-
man-English and English-German),
carries two stipends of $30 and $20
respectively, and will be held fr m
2:00 to 4:00 p.m., Friday, March 22
in Room 205 Mason Hall. Students
who wish to compete and who have
not yet handed in their applications
should do so immediately in 204 Uni-
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered to juniors
and seniors in German. The contest
will be held from 2:00 to 5:00 p.m.,
Friday, March 22, in Room 204 Uni-
versity Hall. The award, in the
amount of $27 will be presented to
the student writing the best essay
dealing with some phase in the devel-
opment of German literature from
1750 to 1900. Students who wish to
compete and who have not yet
handed in their applications should
do so immediately in Room 204 Uni-
Religious Counseling: The Coun-
selor in Religious Education is avail-
able to confer with students upon re-
ligious and personal affairs daily, 11
to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m. (Other
hours by appointment) at 215 Angell
Hall. :sues relating to values, ideals,+
persona I or group conduct, and ad-
justments to University life are ger-
mane. Courses of religious signifi-
cance, professional ethics in given
Colleges, a Degree program in Re-
ligion and Ethics, a Master's degree in
Religious Education, as well as a long
list of positions available may be con-
Studnts interested in permanent
or summer positions with the Ameri-
can Friends Service Committee may
obtain full information at the Bureau
of Appointments and Occupational
Information, Room 201 Mason Hall.
The summer jobs include work camps,
mental hospitls, industry and work
seminars in Mexico. Permanent po-
sitions deal mainly with social work.
University Lecture. Professor Vic-
tor C. Twitty, of Stanford University.
will speak on the subject, "The De-
velopmental Analysis of Hereditary
Characters" (illustrated), at 4:15
p.m., today in the Rackham Amphi-
theater; auspices of the Department
of Zoology. The public is cordially in-
University Lecture: Dr. Walter Clay
Lowdermilk, assistant chief of the
U. S. Soil Conservation Service, will
give an illustrated lecture on "Plans
for a Jordan Valley Authority" at 8
p.m., Wednesday, March 20, in Lec-
ture Hall of the Rackham Building
under th, auspices of the College of
Engineerii g and the School of For-
estry and Vonservation. Dr. Lowder-
milk is an international authority on
soil conservation and land use who
has traveled extensively in the Near
East. He has worked out a compre-
hensive power and irrigation plan for
Palestine which he believes will sup-
port a large additional population in
the region. The public is cordially in-
Graduate Students: The first ses-
sion of the Graduate Record Exami-
nation will be held tonight at 6:45 in
the Lecture Hall of the Rackharn
Building. All students scheduled to
take this examination should report
promptly and bring their "Notice of
Admission" cards with them. Those
students who have not yet received
their admission cards will have their
names checked at the door.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School,
on Wednesday or Thursday afternoon,
March 13 and 14 between 1:30 and
4:30 to take the teacher's oath. This
is a requirement for the certificate.
All male students in the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men.
Veterans are premanently excused
from fulfilling the P.E.M. require-
ment, provided they have completed
their basic training or have served at
least six months in one of the
branches of the armed forces.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) the Dean of the
College or by his representatives, (3)
the Director of Physical Education
Petitions for exemptions by stu-
dents in this College should be' ad-
dressed by freshmen and sophomores
to Professor Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman of the Academic Counsel-
ors (108 Mason Hall) ; by all other
students to Associate Dean E. A. Wal-
ter (1220 Angell Hall).
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the sec-
ond week of the Spring Term,
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts
English 298: The next meeting of my
section of English 298 will be on
Thursday, March 21, at 7:30 p.m. in
Roomn 3227 Angell Hall.
R. W. Cowden
The following changes have been
made in the schedule:
7:30-8:30 p.m.; Saturday 9-10 a.m.
7:00-8:00 p.m.; Saturday 11-12 a.m.
Chemistry 21-A tutorial section
for veterans will be offered by Profes-
sor Byron A. Soule once a week, be-
ginning March 13, at 7:30 p~m. in
Room 303 Chemistry. Only yeterans
who have elected Chemistry 21 should
Spanish 1b-2 hrs. credit-del Toro.
Class will meet on Tuesdays, from 7
to 9 p.m., Room 108 Romance Lan-
guage Building. (Considerable prac-
tice in conversation).I
Course begins with Lesson X, Basic
Spanish Grammar-(Barlow). Re-
view lessons for those who need them
will be given on Wednesdays from
7:30 to 8:30 p.m., Room 108, R.L.
Spanish 82-2 hrs, credit--del Toro
Latin-American Life. An Intermedi-
ate course conducted in Spanish, and
designed to give a maximum of oral
practice and general information re-
garding the Spanish speaking coun-
tries. Meetings on Thursdays, from
7 to 9 p.m., Room 108, Romance Lan-
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, March 1, at 4 p.m.
in Room 319 West Medical Building.
"Vitamin E and Tocopherols." All
interested are invited.
Orientation Seminar: The first
meeting of the Mathematics Orien-
tation Seminai will be Thursday,
March 14, at 3 p.m. in Room 3201 An-
The Seminar on Analytic Functions
will meet on Wednesdays in Room
3201 Angell Hall at 3:00 p.m.
Dr. Pirainian will discuss "Detec-
tion of Singularities of Analytic
Functions" on March 13.
Faculty Recital: Gilbert Ross, Pro-
fessor of Violin in the School of
Music, will be heard at 8:30 p.m. Sun-
day, March 17, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater, in the first faculty program
of the current term. The program
will include compositions by Caporale,
Handel, Beethoven, Chausson and
Finney, and will be open to the gen-
eral public, Helen Titus, Assistant
Professor of piano, will appear with
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
um Building, through April 30.
ASM.E.: There will be a meeting
of The American Society of Mechani-
cal Engineers this evening at 7:30 in
Room 304 of the Michigan Union.
Professor Schneidewind of the Metal-
lurgical Engineering Department will
talk on the subject of "Permanent
Mold Iron." This will be the first
meeting of the spring semester and all
Mechanicals are urged to attend.
Those who are not members of this
organization may make application
Sra. Ambrosina Marie Sanipaio will
-peak for the Socicadad Hispanica on
"Alguns Aspetos da Literatura Brasi-
leira" tonight at 8:00 in Kellogg Au-
Alpha Phi Omega will hold aopan
meeting tonight.from 7:30 to 8:00 in
the Michigan Union. Any man on
campus who has had some scouting
experience is welcome. Former mem-
bers who are returning to campus are
A closed meeting will be held at
8:00 during which the semester's of-
ficers will be elected. Every member
is requested to be present for the elec-
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will sponsor a meeting, to dis-
cuss our relations with Franco Spain,
at 3:30 today in the Union. Everyone
is cordially invited.
B nai B'rith Hillel Foundation Re-
ligious Committee will hold a meeting
today at 5:00 p.m. to make arrange-
ments for he Passover Holiday. All
inte'ested are invited.
11 he Women's Glee Club will hold
its first rehearsal tonight at 7:30. The
room will be posted on the bulletin
board in the Michigan League.
Letters to the Editor*
To the Editor:
Under the influence of misinfor-
mation, yesterday's Daily printed a
short note concerning the Youth for
Christ movement and its poster in the
League. The Daily made several seri-
ous mistakes in the facts, and it is
necessary to right the wrongs which
have been done to that organization.
The Daily stated: one, that Youth for
Christ is "Hearst sponsored;" two,
that YFC's poster is in bad taste, and
would look better on the reverse side
of the League bulletin board.
The Youth for Christ office in De-
troit, which has reliable facts, tells
me that Hearst is in no way "spon-
soring" the movement. The fact that
he even supported it came as a com-
plete surprise to the officials of Youth
for Christ. Hearst's explanation is
that he ordered his papers to publi-
cize the movement last June because
he thought it would help curb the ris-
ing juvenile delinquency in America.
Today, however, far from sponsoring
the movement financially, Hearst
scarcely even supports it in his pa-
There is also the opinion, not
found in The Daily, that Youth for
Christ takes in people under false
pretenses, whips them up emotion-
ally, and scares them into becoming
God-fearing citizens. The YFC of-
ficials assured me that the meetings
are run in "An entirely businesslike'
- and professional manner," which
could not, under any circumstances,
be mis-interpreted as bad taste.
Also there is no justification for be-
lieving that false pretenses are in-
volved. The very name of the or-
ganization contains its aim and
purpose, and the leaders have no
desire for personal power or fol-
Youth foir Christ has bee(nwonl
By Crockett Johnson
Gosh. Mr. O'Mallev. you frot
Ridiculous. A likely excuse.. . My address